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The Study of Budget on the Basis of ABC and ABB Activities Dlshad Mohammedsaleh Yousif

The Study of Budget on the Basis of ABC and ABB Activities

Author (s)

Dlshad  Mohammedsaleh Yousif

Abstract

The cost system based on activities ABC is one of the important modern technologies and has a large share of theoretical studies and foreign and Iraqi applied research. Since this system exists, it is subject to many research and studies to derive from it new techniques and tools that would support the provision of appropriate information for management to be used in areas Many of them make decisions, measure and evaluate performance. The problem search continued economic units in the region of Kurdistan in the traditional follow methods in measuring the cost of their products which resulted in the emergence of many problems when determining the cost of products. The objective of the research is to clarify the general requirements and steps for applying modern methods ABB and ABC. Learn how to deal with indirect costs under the use of the cost system based on ABC activities. The importance of this research as sheds light on the importance of the system cost based on the activities of ABC are not limited to achieve the accurate measurement of the costs, or offer of detailed information, but extends it represents a sound basis for the management of activities and processes of economic unity through integration with some of the methods and administrative techniques Modern as TOM, ABB, JIT. The ABC system divides the economic units into sub-activities and analyzes them and knows how they consume costs and the extent of their contribution to the production process, which leads to a reduction in costs by knowing which activities add value or do not add value to production and dispense with activities that do not add value. The ABC system of cost-based activities assists management in making appropriate management decisions based on more realistic costs, which are useful in various fields such as those related to pricing.

Key words: Budget, Cost systems, ABC, ABB and Kurdistan.

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Title: The Study of Budget on the Basis of ABC and ABB Activities
Author:

Dlshad  Mohammedsaleh Yousif

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611932
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 2
Acceptance Date: 14/01/2020
Date of Publication: 18/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/482.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 60-71
First Page: 60
Last Page: 71
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dlshad  Mohammedsaleh Yousif (2020). The Study of Budget  on the Basis of ABC and ABB Activities. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(2), 60-71.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3611932

 

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About Author (s)

Dlshad  Mohammedsaleh Yousif, Department of Accounting, Paitaxt Technical Private Institute, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611932

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The Study on Environmental Management Accounting: ISO 14000 in Determining the Preventive Environmental Costs Soran Abdullah Mustafa

The Study on Environmental Management Accounting: ISO 14000 in Determining the Preventive Environmental Costs

Author (s)

Soran Abdullah Mustafa

Abstract

The objective of this study is to examine the problem of lack of awareness by organizations of the importance of environmental management accounting and its role in determining environmental costs, improving environmental performance and the lack of interest in the environmental management system which is considered environmental management accounting one of its tools, in the words Others, the actual impact of the EMS is somewhat low. Defining the concept of environmental management accounting in general, and environmental costs represented by the costs of environmental protection the costs of treatment emissions treatment and wastewater treatment using the environmental management accounting methodology. The need for environmental management accounting emerged due to the failure of traditional administrative-accounting in accounting. On environmental costs, which are allocated to calculating indirect industrial expenses instead of allocating them directly to the operations, products or activities that generated those costs one of the difficulties facing the application of environmental management accounting is the lack of a unified definition of environmental costs, each company classifies environmental costs according to their circumstances.

Key words: Environmental, Management, Accounting and Costs..

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Title: The Study on Environmental Management Accounting: ISO 14000 in Determining the Preventive Environmental Costs
Author:

Soran Abdullah Mustafa

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611007
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 2
Acceptance Date: 14/01/2020
Date of Publication: 17/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/483.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 44-59
First Page: 44
Last Page: 59
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Soran Abdullah Mustafa (2020). The Study on Environmental Management Accounting: ISO 14000 in Determining the Preventive Environmental Costs. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(2), 44-49.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3611007

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About Author (s)

Soran Abdullah Mustafa, Salahadin University College of Administration and Economics, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611007

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Fertilizer Use and Maize output in Sub-Saharan Africa: Empirical Evidence from Selected African Countries Robert Moracha Ogeto & Birhanu Yimer Ali

Fertilizer Use and Maize output in Sub-Saharan Africa: Empirical Evidence from Selected African Countries

Author (s)

Robert Moracha Ogeto & Birhanu Yimer Ali

Abstract

Fertilizer consumption in Sub-Saharan Africa countries has been found to remain low as compared to countries in similar level in other parts of the world. This has led to stagnation and declined yields in most crops across parts of Sub-Saharan Africa for several decades while that in countries that have increased fertilizer use have seen their agricultural productivity considerably increased over the years. This paper examines the effect of fertilizer use on maize output in selected African countries for the period 1990-2010 using data on fertilizer application rates. The data was analyzed using fixed effects regression based on a Cobb-Douglas production function. To take care of country differences in terms of production environments, country dummies were used in the fixed effects estimation. Empirical results indicated that maize output was positively and significantly correlated with land, labour, rainfall, aggregate fertilizer use, nitrogen and phosphorous nutrient fertilizers with land and labour having the highest effect on maize output in Sub-Saharan Africa To take care of rainfall vulnerabilities that could easily negate the positive effect of rainfall, supplementary irrigation measures should be put in place which could include rain water harvesting and small-scale water storage among maize producing households. Given the indication that fertilizer use was low despite its positive influence in maize output, it is recommended that strategies be put in place by relevant stakeholders in respective countries in a bid to boost aggregate and nutrient fertilizer use so as to further increase maize output and these could include price reduction strategies like subsidies and timely availability of fertilizer, reduction in import fee, clearance and warehouse charges at the ports of entry as a way of reducing the final market price. It could also be necessary for creation of more awareness among maize producers on the importance of adequate fertilizer use especially through agricultural extension workers and other relevant stakeholders.

Key words: Maize output; Aggregate Fertilizer use; Nutrient Fertilizer use; Fixed effects; Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Title: Fertilizer Use and Maize output in Sub-Saharan Africa: Empirical Evidence from Selected African Countries
Author:

Robert Moracha Ogeto & Birhanu Yimer Ali

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3610875
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 2
Acceptance Date: 16/01/2020
Date of Publication: 17/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/485.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 31-43
First Page: 31
Last Page: 43
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Robert Moracha Ogeto & Birhanu Yimer Ali (2020). Fertilizer Use and Maize output in Sub-Saharan Africa: Empirical Evidence from Selected African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(2), 31-43.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3610875

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/485.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Robert Moracha Ogeto, PhD (corresponding Author), University of International Business and Economics, Beijing-100029, China.

Birhanu Yimer Ali, PhD, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing-                 100029, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3610875

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Environmental Literacy levels on Waste Management in Ibadan, Nigeria Areola, Jenneh; Olorunisola, Abel; Wahab, Bolanle & Areola, Abiodun Ayooluwa

Environmental Literacy levels on Waste Management in Ibadan, Nigeria

Author (s)

Areola, Jenneh; Olorunisola, Abel; Wahab, Bolanle & Areola, Abiodun Ayooluwa

Abstract

Waste management is at its lowest ebb in most towns and communities in Nigeria. Most parts of the city centres do not benefit from public waste disposal services. The goal of this study was to assess the level of environmental literacy in the management of solid waste in Ibadan, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to investigate the waste management practices, assess the level of awareness, their willingness to participate, concern for waste management, attitudes to waste management and governmental strategies used to educate residents about waste management in Ibadan. A total of three hundred and eighty four questionnaires were administered to randomly selected households. Key informant interviews were conducted with officials at the Oyo State Ministry of Environment and Oyo State Waste management Authority. Statistical package for Social Science (SPSS) was used to analyze the quantitative data. The statistical methods used included descriptive statistics of frequency and percentage. The result on waste management practices amongst residents showed that food waste was the most generated in Ibadan, followed by polythene and paper. With regards to awareness, findings showed that residents were generally aware of what waste is and also aware of waste management practices such as recycling and composting. The findings on attitude to waste management revealed that positive attitude was only exhibited towards the benefits of waste management while negative attitude was displayed toward the practicality of waste management. With regards to governmental strategies, result showed the major governmental strategies as public education through media jingles, community awareness campaigns, and inspection of market places, printouts and town meetings. One of the recommendation was that incentive based recycling programs should be introduced to encourage the practice amongst residents.

Key words: Waste, Management, environmental literacy, Ibadan, Nigeria.

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Title: Environmental Literacy levels on Waste Management in Ibadan, Nigeria
Author:

Areola, Jenneh; Olorunisola, Abel; Wahab, Bolanle & Areola, Abiodun Ayooluwa

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3610828
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 02/01/2020
Date of Publication: 17/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/444.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 37-47
First Page: 37
Last Page: 47
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Areola, Jenneh; Olorunisola, Abel; Wahab, Bolanle & Areola, Abiodun Ayooluwa (2020). Environmental Literacy levels on Waste Management in Ibadan, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 37-47.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3610828

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/444.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Areola, Jenneh (Corresponding Author), Pan African University, Life and Earth Sciences          Institute (Including Health and Agriculture), PAULESI, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Olorunisola, Abel; Department of Environmental and Agric Engineering, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Wahab, Bolanle, Faculty of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Areola, Abiodun Ayooluwa, Department of Geography, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3610828

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Alkalinity and Hardness of Natural Waters in Chittagong City of Bangladesh Md. Shajedul Islam & S.M.M. Hoque Majumder

Alkalinity and Hardness of Natural Waters in Chittagong City of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Shajedul Islam & S.M.M. Hoque Majumder

Abstract

Alkalinity and hardness often used exchangeable when discussing water quality. These collective properties of water share some resemblances but are distinctly different but both has high mineral content. Generally, the water shows alkalinity due to the presence of weak acid and strong base resulting salt, typically as the form of bicarbonate salt and it can create some serious problems in water body. Hard drinking water, carry excess of Ca and Mg salt, may have moderate health benefits but can pose critical problems in domestic and industrial settings. Thus, it is important to assess the water quality with respect to hardness and alkalinity. The objectives of this study to provide an overview of alkalinity and hardness, an understanding of the importance of alkalinity and hardness from ecological perspectives and management, a summary of methods for measuring each, and the current state regulations for each in public waters of Chittagong city. The results obtained for pH, conductivity and alkaline ionic compositions from different surface and ground water samples of Chittagong city presented here with critical observations. For investigations, some related anions and metals examined by UV-visible spectrophotometer and FAAS utilizing Na-tetraborate after the pre-concentration on a column packed with Amberlite XAD-16 resin. The results show that some parameters such as salinity, total alkalinity and hardness; Na+, Ca2+, Cl, and HCO3 loaded in both surface and ground water is quite high than slandered value; other parameters like NO3, NO2, SO42-, PO43-, K+, NH4+, and Mg2+ levels are in permissible range. Overall, it may state that the water of studied areas is very hard, saline as well as alkaline and suggesting that water should not uses for household, irrigation, and industrial purposes without proper treatment.

Key words: Alkalinity; Salinity; Hardness; Water quality parameters; Spectrophotometer; Chittagong.

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Title: Alkalinity and Hardness of Natural Waters in Chittagong City of Bangladesh
Author:

Md. Shajedul Islam & S.M.M. Hoque Majumder

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3606945
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 12/01/2020
Date of Publication: 14/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/451.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 137-150
First Page: 137
Last Page: 150
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Shajedul Islam & S.M.M. Hoque Majumder (2020). Alkalinity and Hardness of Natural Waters in Chittagong City of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 137-150.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3606945

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About Author (s)

Md. Shajedul Islam (Corresponding author), Associate Professor, Chemistry; OSD, DSHE, Ministry of Education, Bangladesh & PhD Research Fellow, Institute of Environmental Science (IES), University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh

S.M.M. Hoque Majumder, Former Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Chittagong, Chittagong 4331, Bangladesh

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3606945

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Firm Power in Industrial Chain and Debt Financing FAYE Nicolas D.M, FAN Libo, Conghui Hu, Kokou W. Tozo & Mouanda Gilhaimé

Firm Power in Industrial Chain and Debt Financing

Author (s)

FAYE Nicolas D.M, FAN Libo, Conghui Hu, Kokou W. Tozo & Mouanda Gilhaimé

Abstract

This article explores the impact of corporate value chain power on its external financing liabilities, public debt financing, and corporate performance. This study has collected cross-sectional data of 13,653 firms from the Corporate Bond Market from 2006 to 2016. The results show that the companies with greater power in the value chain have a lower proportion of financing liabilities. This finding indicates that companies with higher value chain power use less financing liabilities and tend to use non-cost commercial credit for financing. The empirical results show that although there is no significant relationship between the power of the corporate value chain and the convenience of public bond financing in all samples, for small-scale and high-growth enterprises, the greater the value chain power, the greater the scale of bond financing, the greater the cost, the lower the bond issue cost. Finally, this article reveals that small-scale, high-growth companies with higher value chain power have better financial performance.

Key words: Corporate Value Chain Power, Industry Chain, Debt Structure, Bond Financing, Corporate Performance.

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Title: Firm Power in Industrial Chain and Debt Financing
Author:

FAYE Nicolas D.M, FAN Libo, Conghui Hu, Kokou W. Tozo & Mouanda Gilhaimé

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3606699
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 2
Acceptance Date: 10/01/2020
Date of Publication: 13/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/481.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-30
First Page: 1
Last Page: 30
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

FAYE Nicolas D.M, FAN Libo, Conghui Hu, Kokou W. Tozo & Mouanda Gilhaimé (2020). Firm Power in Industrial Chain and Debt Financing. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(2), 1-30.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3606699

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About Author (s)

Nicolas Diodji Mamadou FAYE (corresponding Author), PhD Candidate, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

FAN Libo, Professor, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Conghui Hu, Associate Professor, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo, PhD, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Mouanda-Mouanda Gilhaimé, PhD, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3606699

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Compressive Properties of Sawdust Composites Consisting of Sodium Silicate Solution and Corn Starch as Binder Chowdhury Al Mamun & Md Arifuzzaman

Compressive Properties of Sawdust Composites Consisting of Sodium Silicate Solution and Corn Starch as Binder

Author (s)

Chowdhury Al Mamun & Md Arifuzzaman

Abstract

Novel composite materials were manufactured using saw dust, sodium silicate solution and corn starch. Corn starch works as a reinforcement to the sodium silicate solution. The floatation method was utilized to obtain the wet mixture for manufacturing composites by compaction. The quantity of saw dust and sodium silicate solution were fixed and the starch powder content in the binder solution was the working variable. Starch powder content in the binder solution were 1.4 g, 1.6 g, 1.8 g and 2.0 g.   The gelatinization of starch is investigated to confirm the gelatinized solid starch content in the binder solution. Compression tests were carried out on the composites in the Universal Testing Machine at a cross head speed of 1 mm/min. The density, compressive strength and modulus were found to increase with increasing gelatinized solid starch content. On the other hand specific compressive strength decreased with increasing density of the composite while specific compressive modulus showed an opposite trend. Comparing with the literature, the developed composites showed superior properties and were found to have practical applications.

Key words: Saw Dust, Sodium Silicate Solution, Corn Starch, Composite, Compressive Properties.

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Title: Compressive Properties of Sawdust Composites Consisting of Sodium Silicate Solution and Corn Starch as Binder
Author:

Chowdhury Al Mamun & Md Arifuzzaman

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3605465
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 08/01/2020
Date of Publication: 12/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/450.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 129-136
First Page: 129
Last Page: 136
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Chowdhury Al Mamun & Md Arifuzzaman (2020). Compressive Properties of Sawdust Composites Consisting of Sodium Silicate Solution and Corn Starch as Binder. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 129-136.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3605465

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About Author (s)

Chowdhury Al Mamun, Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna-9203, Bangladesh.

Md Arifuzzaman (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical   Engineering, Khulna University of Engineering and Technology, Khulna-9203, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3605465

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Evaluation of Models for Forecasting Daily Foreign Exchange Rates Between Nigerian Naira and US Dollar Amidst Volatility Maigana Alhaji Bakawu, Ahmed Abdulkadir, Shafiu Usman Maitoro & Abdulrahman Malik

Evaluation of Models for Forecasting Daily Foreign Exchange Rates Between Nigerian Naira and US Dollar Amidst Volatility

Author (s)

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu, Ahmed Abdulkadir, Shafiu Usman Maitoro & Abdulrahman Malik

Abstract

In her quest to put the nations’ foreign exchange policy in line with global practice, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in the mid of 2016 made a paradigm shift by unveiling flexible foreign exchange policy driven purely by market forces. Consequently, forecasting models reported during pegging policy era may be deeming obsolete. This paper proposed a prediction model for future daily selling exchange rate between Nigerian Naira and United States Dollar in the interbank market amidst volatility using daily rates made available by the Central Bank of Nigeria over the periods July, 2016 to October, 2017. We applied the Box-Jenkins methodology to the Naira – US Dollar exchange rate series in order to build an adequate and well specified prediction model. On the first phase of the study, we checked the stationarity of the series and based on Augmented Dickey-Fuller test and correlogram, the series is stationary at level. The findings revealed that the future daily exchange rate of Naira per US Dollar depends on its past rates and associated innovations. This is evident from the fact that  turned out parsimonious model for forecasting the parity between the two currencies on the basis of Bayesian Information Criterion. The said model yielded error of forecast (MAPE) within ten percent.

Key words: Autoregressive, Box-Jenkin’s Methodology, Exchange Rates, Moving Average, Naira, United States Dollar.

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Title: Evaluation of Models for Forecasting Daily Foreign Exchange Rates Between Nigerian Naira and US Dollar Amidst Volatility
Author:

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu, Ahmed Abdulkadir, Shafiu Usman Maitoro & Abdulrahman Malik

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3601100
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 05/01/2020
Date of Publication: 08/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/448.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 95-105
First Page: 95
Last Page: 105
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu, Ahmed Abdulkadir, Shafiu Usman Maitoro & Abdulrahman Malik (2020). Evaluation of Models for Forecasting Daily Foreign Exchange Rates Between Nigerian Naira and US Dollar Amidst Volatility. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 95-105.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3601100

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About Author (s)

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu, (Corresponding Author), Department of Statistics, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic Geidam, Nigeria.

Ahmed Abdulkadir, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria.

Shafiu Usman Maitoro, Department of Statistics, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria.

Abdulrahman Malik, Department of Statistics, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic Geidam, Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3601100

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The innovation strategy in the exports of Colombian Firms: A Resource Base View Juan Pablo Bojacá

The innovation strategy in the exports of Colombian Firms: A Resource Base View

Author (s)

Juan Pablo Bojacá

Abstract

On theory the internationalization of firms are the combinations of macro level and micro level specific resources. This research is aiming to understand the relationship between the technological innovation of firms (R&D, new processes product upgrade and new products/services) and the internalization by exports, to find which technological innovation increase the amount of export on the Colombian firms. The study support previously examined relationships between R&D (both internal and external), product, process innovations, and the degree of (export intensity) and advance on contemplating the internal and external exports. Empirical analyses carried out on this relationship provide useful implications for innovation policies i.e. public supports that aim at stimulating innovation performance and at encouraging innovative efforts in Colombian firms.

Key words: technological resources, innovations, R&D, Colombia.

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Title: The innovation strategy in the exports of Colombian Firms: A Resource Base View
Author:

Juan Pablo Bojacá

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3598508
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 03/01/2020
Date of Publication: 05/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/447.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 82-94
First Page: 82
Last Page: 94
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Juan Pablo Bojacá (2020). The innovation strategy in the exports of Colombian Firms: A Resource Base View. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 82-94.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3598508

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About Author (s)

Juan Pablo Bojacá, PhD candidate, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3598508

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The Effect of Inspiring Visit Desire, Forming Visit Awareness, and Facilitating Interpersonal Interaction Towards Behavioral Intention To Visit and Actual Visit Behavior at Kudos Café Surabaya Felicia Juliani Leliga, Ronald Suryaputra & William Santoso

The Effect of Inspiring Visit Desire, Forming Visit Awareness, and Facilitating Interpersonal Interaction Towards Behavioral Intention To Visit and Actual Visit Behavior at Kudos Café Surabaya

Author (s)

Felicia Juliani Leliga, Ronald Suryaputra & William Santoso

Abstract

The rapid competition of café and restaurant at Surabaya become an opportunity for entrepreneurs to develop their business by using high-tech marketing tools. One of the cafes is Kudos Café Surabaya. The purpose of this study were to determine the effect of Inspiring Visit Desire represented by Experiencing Appeal (EA) and Generating Empathy (GP), Forming Visit Awareness represented by Providing Image (PI) and Presenting Guide (PG), Facilitating Interpersonal Interaction represented by Social Influence (SI) and Cybercommunity Influence (CI) towards Behavioral Intention to visit (BI) and Actual Visit Behavior (AV) at Kudos Café. The method is quantitative research using AMOS. Data was collected by distributing questionnaires to 135 respondents. The results showed Experience Appeal (EA) with regression coefficient of 0.403 positive and significantly affect Behavior Intention to visit (BI); Generating Empathy (GP) with regression coefficient of 0.053 positive but  unsignificantly affect Behavior Intention to visit (BI); Providing Image (PI) with regression coefficient of 0.231 positive but unsignificantly affect Behavior Intention to visit (BI) too, Presenting Guide (PG) with regression coefficient of 0.264 positive and significantly affect Behavior Intention to visit (BI); Social Influence (SI) with regression coefficient of 0.360 positive and significantly affect Behavior Intention to visit (BI); Cybercommunity Influence (CI) with regression coefficient of 0.289 positive and significantly affect Behavior Intention to visit (BI); and Behavioral Intention to visit (BI) with regression coefficient of 0.817 positive and significantly affect Actual Visit Behavior (AV). The conclusion is Kudos Café needs improving the design performance of Instagram profile to attract the followers.

Key words: Inspiring Visit Desire, Forming Visit Awareness, Facilitating Interpersonal Interaction, Behavioral Intention to visit, dan Actual Visit Behavior.

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Title: The Effect of Inspiring Visit Desire, Forming Visit Awareness, and Facilitating Interpersonal Interaction Towards Behavioral Intention To Visit and Actual Visit Behavior at Kudos Café Surabaya
Author:

Felicia Juliani Leliga, Ronald Suryaputra & William Santoso

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3597975
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 03/01/2020
Date of Publication: 05/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/446.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 66-81
First Page: 66
Last Page: 81
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Felicia Juliani Leliga, Ronald Suryaputra & William Santoso (2020). The Effect of Inspiring Visit Desire, Forming Visit Awareness, and Facilitating Interpersonal Interaction Towards Behavioral Intention To Visit and Actual Visit Behavior at Kudos Café Surabaya. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 66-81.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3597975

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/446.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Felicia Juliani Leliga, (Corresponding Author) Master of Management Student at Pelita Harapan University, Ahmad Yani Road number 288, 60234, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

Ronald Suryaputra, The Lecturer of Master of Management at Pelita Harapan University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

William Santoso, The Lecturer of Master of Management at Pelita Harapan University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3597975

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Effect of Physical Environment Quality on the Customer Loyalty through Perceived Value and Customer Satisfaction in De Soematra 1910 Restaurant in Surabaya Intan Fildzah Wijayati, Ronald Suryaputra & Amelia

Effect of Physical Environment Quality on the Customer Loyalty through Perceived Value and Customer Satisfaction in De Soematra 1910 Restaurant in Surabaya

Author (s)

Intan Fildzah Wijayati, Ronald Suryaputra & Amelia

Abstract

This paper main aim is to maintain and improve restaurant performance becomes more competitive and seeks to improve customer loyalty for De Soematra 1910 restaurant in Surabaya and an interesting research model that can be applied to the De Soematra 1910 restaurant as an object in Surabaya which has an exclusive colonial style design (Dutch era) and has a unique vibes. A quantitative with data processing using AMOS. Data collection was carried out by distributing questionnaires to 250 respondents with the characteristics of male and female in the age range 18-60 years, have visited and had done fine dining at least 2 times in the last 6 months and monthly income between IDR 1,000,000,.- IDR 20,000,000,. at the De Soematra 1910 in Surabaya. The results showed that 9 hypotheses were accepted and 10 hypotheses were rejected. The paper also statistically shows significant and insignificant relationships between 7 dimensions of Physical Environment Quality (Aesthetics, Ambience, Lighting, Table Settings, Layout, Staff and Music) that affect Customer Loyalty through the dimensions of Perceived Value (Hedonic and Utilitarian) and Customer Satisfaction. The research findings present incremental implications for De Soematra 1910 restaurant marketing management. Findings recommend that manager, service providers – procedures and Physical Environment Quality elements would make service quality standards becomes high level preferred by the customers toward first class restaurant. This should subsequently helps the restaurant building their strong satisfaction, loyalty and positive image.

Key words: Physical Environment Quality, Perceived Value, Hedonic, Utilitarian,  Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty.

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Title: Effect of Physical Environment Quality on the Customer Loyalty through Perceived Value and Customer Satisfaction in De Soematra 1910 Restaurant in Surabaya
Author:

Intan Fildzah Wijayati, Ronald Suryaputra & Amelia

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3597969
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 02/01/2020
Date of Publication: 05/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/445.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 48-65
First Page: 48
Last Page: 65
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Intan Fildzah Wijayati, Ronald Suryaputra & Amelia (2020). Effect of Physical Environment Quality on the Customer Loyalty through Perceived Value and Customer Satisfaction in De Soematra 1910 Restaurant in Surabaya. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 48-65.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3597969

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/445.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Intan Fildzah Wijayati (Corresponding Author) Master of Management Department, Pelita Harapan University Surabaya Campus, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Ronald Suryaputra, Lecturer at Master of Management Department, Pelita Harapan University Surabaya Campus, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Amelia, Lecturer at Master of Management Department, Pelita Harapan University Surabaya Campus, Surabaya, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3597969

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Effectiveness of Training in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh Md. Zahangir Kabir, Jannatul Mawa, Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Sourav Paul Chowdhury & Md. Jamal Uddin

Effectiveness of Training in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Zahangir Kabir, Jannatul Mawa, Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Sourav Paul Chowdhury & Md. Jamal Uddin

Abstract

The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of employee training in the banking sector of Bangladesh, where effectiveness is defined as the improvement of knowledge, skill, ability (KSA) and job performance. There were four predictors (training design, development and implementation of training, validity of training and facilitation of transfer) and two hypotheses were developed to conduct the study. To test the developed hypotheses data were collected from 120 bank employees through close ended questionnaire and convenience sampling were used to select the respondent. Multiple regression analyses were used as a statistical tool to test the impact of the factors on improvement of KSA and job performance. The findings reveal that training design and facilitation of transfer have significant influence on improvement of KSA and job performance. This study will help the managers and practitioner to understand why evaluation of training is so much important. Simultaneously, it will encourage managers to provide support, opportunity and other facilitations that are conducive to transfer training.

Key words: Training, Effectiveness, Banking, Performance, KSA.

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Title: Effectiveness of Training in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh
Author: Md. Zahangir Kabir, Jannatul Mawa, Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Sourav Paul Chowdhury & Md. Jamal Uddin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3596360
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 21/12/2019
Date of Publication: 02/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/441.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-12
First Page: 1
Last Page: 12
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Zahangir Kabir, Jannatul Mawa, Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Sourav Paul Chowdhury & Md. Jamal Uddin (2020). Effectiveness of Training in the Banking Sector of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 1-12. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3596360

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/441.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Md. Zahangir Kabir (Corresponding Author), Professor, Department of Management, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Jannatul Mawa, Statistical Officer, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Bangladesh.

Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Sourav Paul Chowdhury, Assistant Professor, Department of Management, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Dr. Md. Jamal Uddin, Associate Professor, Department of Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3596360

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Forecasting the Remittance inflow Based on Time Series Models in Bangladesh Md. Ziaul Hassan, Md. Siraj-Ud-Doulah & Shamima Nasrin Sathi

Forecasting the Remittance inflow Based on Time Series Models in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Ziaul Hassan, Md. Siraj-Ud-Doulah & Shamima Nasrin Sathi

Abstract

Remittance plays a very important role in the national economy. Remittance inflow in Bangladesh is one of the prime sources of foreign currency reserve. A certain amount of foreign currency reserve is indeed a vital need for the country because of its high degree of dependency on import. Inflow of remittance depends on the amount of manpower migration. Remittance earnings have increased more than five times during the past decade and it is currently the single largest foreign exchange earner for Bangladesh. Inward remittances to Bangladesh during the first six months of FY2011-12 stood at about USD 6.1 billion which is 9.3 per cent higher than the comparable period of the previous fiscal and Reaching an all-time high of 1491.36 USD Million in july of 2014 and a record low of 856.87 USD Million in September of 2017.  The main purpose of this study is to forecast the next ten years Remittance in Bangladesh. Here, we applied different methods of time series and analyze the yearly Remittance data in Bangladesh over the period 1996-1997 to 2016-2017.  We applied Box-Jenkin’s methodology to identify the actual model based on different model selection criterion. On the study at first we have checked the stationarity. For checking stationarity we have used both graphical method and Dickey Fuller test. Then to find the appropriate model for Remittance we have used the ACF, PACF curves. In this research, we found that ARIMA (1, 1, 0) model is suitable for the forecasting the Remittance in Bangladesh. Comparing between the original series and forecasted series, we found that the Remittance flow is in Bangladesh is projected to increasing.

Key words: Remittance inflow, Box-Jenkin’s methodology, Dickey Fuller Test, ACF, PCAF, ARIMA Model, Forecasting.

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Title: Forecasting the Remittance inflow Based on Time Series Models in Bangladesh
Author: Md. Ziaul Hassan, Md. Siraj-Ud-Doulah & Shamima Nasrin Sathi
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592656
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 21/12/2019
Date of Publication: 01/01/2020
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/442.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 13-23
First Page: 13
Last Page: 23
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Ziaul Hassan, Md. Siraj-Ud-Doulah & Shamima Nasrin Sathi (2020). Forecasting the Remittance inflow Based on Time Series Models in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 13-23.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3592656

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/442.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Ziaul Hassan (Corresponding Author), Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Md. Siraj-Ud-Doulah, Department of Statistics, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur, Bangladesh.

Shamima Nasrin Sathi, Department of Statistics, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592656

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Acceptance of UREA Molasses Block Technology Transfer on Lactating Cows in Muktagacha Md. Taibur Rahman, Farhana Habib & Md. Saiful Islam

Acceptance of UREA Molasses Block Technology Transfer on Lactating Cows in Muktagacha

Author (s)

Md. Taibur Rahman, Farhana Habib & Md. Saiful Islam

Abstract

The Study was conducted at Muktagacha upazila of Mymensingh district in Bangladesh for a period of 9 months (From February to October, 2018) with 12 indigenous lactating cows to evaluate the performance of UMB technology by the farmers of Muktagacha upazila at Mymensingh district. Twelve indigenous cows were taken under this study from the village of Rajpur and Garaikuti of Muktagacha upazila under Mymensingh district. The cows were divided randomly into two groups having 5 animals in each group. One is control and another is UMB group. Six lactating cows of control group supplied with basal feeds without supplemented and six lactating cows of supplemented group supplied with basal feeds with the basal feeds plus 500g/d/cow UMB. Dry matter intake was measured 30 days interval and postpartum heat period were also recorded regularly, dry matter intake was significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of control group, live weight changes was measured at 90 days interval. The study findings net weight gain of control and supplemented groups were 1.33±0.80 and 7.00±0.26.Average daily milk yields during the experimental period were 1.84±0.05 in control and 2.45+-0.05 in supplemented group. Body Condition Score and daily milk yield were measured at 7 days interval. The average body condition score of control and supplemented groups were 2.39±0.08, 2.59±0.12; respectively. Calving to first estrus, calving to first service, Service per conception, calving to conception and calving to subsequent calving interval of control and supplemented groups were 138.33±5; 86.67±3; 138.33±5, 87.67±3;1.83±0.31, 1.33±0.21; 155.83±4; 93.67±4 and 435.83±4; 367.17±6 respectively. It can be concluded that UMB may be used for improving milk production and fertility of local cows under the village condition of Bangladesh.

Key words: UMB technology, Basal dose, Participation, Poverty and Alleviation.

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Title: Acceptance of UREA Molasses Block Technology Transfer on Lactating Cows in Muktagacha
Author: Md. Taibur Rahman, Farhana Habib & Md. Saiful Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3565683
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 04/12/2019
Date of Publication: 06/12/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/438.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 319-324
First Page: 319
Last Page: 324
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Taibur Rahman, Farhana Habib and Md. Saiful Islam  (2019). Acceptance of UREA Molasses Block Technology Transfer on Lactating Cows in Muktagacha . International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 319-324.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3565683

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/438.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Md. Taibur Rahman, Senior Assistant Director, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC), Dhaka.

Farhana Habib, Palli Karma- Sahayak Foundation (PKSF), Dhaka.

 Md. Saiful Islam (Corresponding Author), Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3565683

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Vergílio Ferreira and Malraux: Literature, Existentialism and Cinema Luis Cardoso

Vergílio Ferreira and Malraux: Literature, Existentialism and Cinema

Author (s)

Luis Cardoso

Abstract

Vergílio Ferreira, after a short approach to Neo-Realism, began to be interested in a french writer’s ideas who were a turning point to the portuguese writer. Malraux, a huge reference in Existentialism, had conceived the problem-novel, a text centred in a deep focus concerning Man, Life and the understanding of the Human Condition. With this dialogue between Vergílio Ferreira and Malraux, Existentialism enters Portugal and begins a major theoretical dispute between Neo-Realism and Existentialism. Vergílio Ferreira abandons the neo-realism guidelines and embraces Malraux’s problem-novel.

Key words: Vergílio Ferreira, Portuguese Literature, Malraux, Cinema, Existentialism, narrative technique.

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Title: Vergílio Ferreira and Malraux: Literature, Existentialism and Cinema
Author: Luis Cardoso
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564441
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 05/12/2019
Date of Publication: 05/12/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/440.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 331-335
First Page: 331
Last Page: 335
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Cardoso, L. (2019). Vergílio Ferreira and Malraux: Literature, Existentialism and Cinema. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 331-335.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564468

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/430.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Luis Cardoso, PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre  and Centre for Comparative Studies – University of Lisbon, Portugal.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564468

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Vergílio Ferreira’s novels and the influence of cinema Luis Cardoso

Vergílio Ferreira’s novels and the influence of cinema

Author (s)

Luis Cardoso

Abstract

Vergilio Ferreira, one of the most important writers of the last century in Portugal, reveals a very interesting relationship with Cinema. In his novels, we may ask if his connection with the Neo-Realism movement or with the Existencialists really influenced the writing techniques. In fact, Neo-Realism was a movement that influenced the writer’s production above all because it had an epocal (historical, aesthetic, literary, and ideological) justification. Could the writer have found in the cinema structural marks with which he impregnated not only his narrative technique but also his ideological vectors? We can clearly state that the author has an interesting dialogue with cinema techniques and often they reveal themselves in his writings.

Key words: Vergílio Ferreira, Portuguese Literature, Novel, Cinema, Neo-Realism, narrative technique.

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Title: Vergílio Ferreira’s novels and the influence of cinema
Author: Luis Cardoso
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564441
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 01/12/2019
Date of Publication: 05/12/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/439.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 325-330
First Page: 325
Last Page: 330
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Cardoso, L. (2019). Vergílio Ferreira’s novels and the influence of cinema. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 325-330.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564441

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/439.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Luis Cardoso, PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre  and Centre for Comparative Studies – University of Lisbon, Portugal.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564441

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Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the influence of Erasmus Luis Cardoso

Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the influence of Erasmus

Author (s)

Luis Cardoso

Abstract

Rennaissance in Portugal is characterized by a very close connection with European humanists and the new ideas about religion and daily practices. In this debate, Portuguese humanists reflected upon the thoughts of major authors like Erasmus. So, language and literature became not only a return to the classics, but also a domain for discussion regarding Christianity and the approaches that came from abroad. However, Portugal received these ideas until the Inquisition arrived. After that, humanists became more carefull and avoided the ideas of Erasmus. The case of the Portuguese humanist Pedro Sanches shows us all this: the classic influence, the sympathy for Erasmus and the slow departure to other themes, less dangerous and more focused on language and literature.

Key words: Portuguese Rennaissance, Language and Literature, Humanism, Erasmus, Pedro Sanches.

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Title: Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the influence of Erasmus
Author: Luis Cardoso
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559843
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 01/12/2019
Date of Publication: 02/12/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/437.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 309-318
First Page: 309
Last Page: 318
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Cardoso, L. (2019). Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the influence of Erasmus. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 309-318.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559843

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/437.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Luis Cardoso, PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre  and Centre for Comparative Studies – University of Lisbon, Portugal.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559843

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Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the life and work of the humanist Pedro Sanches Luis Cardoso

Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the life and work of the humanist Pedro Sanches

Author (s)

Luis Cardoso

Abstract

The Portuguese Rennaissance is truly connected with the ancient classics in language and literature. Many humanists in Portugal began a large movement that wanted to understand the ancient Greek and Latin writers and to bring to the Rennaissance their toughts and words. Portugal opened the doors to European humanists and the new ideas entered the Portuguese culture. One of the humanists that came to Portugal was Pedro Sanches, who worked in the royal palace and is an example of a true humanist in his life and work. His texts and deeds reveal a profound knowledge of the ancient classics, enlighted by the Rennaissance way of thinking, leaving behind the Middle Ages and building a new man for a new world.

Key words: Portuguese Rennaissance, Language and Literature, Ancient classics, Humanism, Pedro Sanches.

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Title: Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the life and work of the humanist Pedro Sanches
Author: Luis Cardoso
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559829
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 01/12/2019
Date of Publication: 02/12/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/436.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 297-308
First Page: 297
Last Page: 308
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Cardoso, L. (2019). Portuguese language and literature in Rennaissance: the life and work of the humanist Pedro Sanches. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 297-308.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559829

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/436.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Luis Cardoso, PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre  and Centre for Comparative Studies – University of Lisbon, Portugal.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559829

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Refugees in Brazil. Who are? Tatiana dos Santos, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade

Refugees in Brazil. Who are?

Author (s)

Tatiana dos Santos, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade

Abstract

The massification of the phenomenon of refugees around the world, with 68.5 million people in this condition, being 16.2 million in 2017, demonstrates that the persecution for reasons of race, social group, gender, armed conflicts and the deterioration of human rights that this freedom, equality, dignity, protection of the family and others, are being deprived of a large portion of the world population which, in addition to these factors there are health issues such as depression, post-traumatic disorders, psychotic outbreaks and others. In Brazil, it is observed the same phenomenon. The objective of this work was to present the information requests and recognition of requests for refuge in Brazil during the years 2017 and 2018. The method adopted was the bibliographic research and exploratory. The results indicate an increase of 58% of requests in 2018, on account of the problems faced by Venezuela, which saw its economy wither away with the reduction in the price of oil in the years 2008 to 2015, along with this the political problems and the rentier capital. The affected regions in Brazil are the states of Roraima and Amazonas, on account of the motto with this country, but it is quite challenging the inclusion of this population in such a way that have their rights recognized, because of the 80 thousand applications in 2018, being 77% from Venezuela, only 1% was accepted. This work serves as support for public policies that must seek alternatives to comply with the legislation in such a way that guarantees the fundamental rights to this population, allowing the freedom, equality, dignity, housing, education and right to life.  The need for guarantee of human rights, makes this study can be used by organizations so that they can integrate these people culturally and professionally.

Key words: Human Rights, Refugees, Stateless Persons, Immigrants, Emigrant.

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Title: Refugees in Brazil. Who are?
Author: Tatiana dos Santos, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559086
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 26/11/2019
Date of Publication: 01/12/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/434.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 271-279
First Page: 271
Last Page: 279
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Tatiana dos Santos, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade (2019). Refugees in Brazil. Who are? International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 271-279.  doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3559086

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/434.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Tatiana dos Santos (Corresponding Author), Student from the Federal Institute of São Paulo, Brazil.

Nélio Fernando dos Reis, Lecturer at the Federal Institute of São Paulo, Brazil.

Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade, Lecturer at the Federal Institute of São Paulo, Brazil.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3559086

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Panoramas and experiments in Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Rwanda: lesson from non-performing loan management MBONIGABA Celestin

Panoramas and experiments in Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Rwanda: lesson from non-performing loan management

Author (s)

MBONIGABA Celestin

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to analyze the impact of non-performing loans management on the financial performance of commercial Banks in Rwanda. The problem of this study was to investigate on what extent does non-performing loans management affects the performance of commercial banks in Rwanda? Methodology used qualitative and quantitative data where the population of study was 295 employees of ECOBANK Rwanda while, sample size was 170 respondents. The findings on relationship between nonperforming loans management and financial performance were confirmed by correlation coefficient of 74.1%. As conclusion, according to the findings, the problem of this research was solved, research objectives were achieved, research questions were answered, and research hypotheses were verified where null hypothesis was rejected and alternative hypothesis was retained by saying that there is greater contribution of NPLs management on the financial performance of commercial banks especially ECOBANK Rwanda.  ECOBANK Rwanda should continue to do an improvement because the findings show that NPLs management contributes 74.1% on financial performance, they should use all strategies to achieve on 100.0% of performance.

Key words: Performance of commercial banks, non-performing loan, risk management, profitability.

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Title: Panoramas and experiments in Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Rwanda: lesson from non-performing loan management
Author: MBONIGABA Celestin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553158
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 19/11/2019
Date of Publication: 26/11/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/433.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 250-270
First Page: 250
Last Page: 270
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

MBONIGABA Celestin (2019). Panoramas and experiments in Financial Performance of Commercial Banks in Rwanda: lessons from non-performing loan management. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 250-270.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553158

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/433.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. MBONIGABA Celestin, Business and Development Studies, Kibogora Polytechnic, Nyamasheke, Rwanda.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553158

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A study of Women Harassment in public transports in Bangladesh Tahmina Akter dipu & kanij Farhana Nipu

A study of Women Harassment in public  transports in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Tahmina Akter dipu & kanij Farhana Nipu

Abstract

Bangladesh is densely a populated country. About 16crore peoples are lived here. In our country besides men women are also worked here. Many women are working outside the homes to support their families and using the local transport to reach destinations. But it is a matter of great regret that women’s are in our country is not safe. They can’t move anywhere freely. They face several problems & uncomfortable situation which can we called harassment. This harassment can also be sexual. Sexual harassment against women on public transport is one form of gender-based violence .It is estimated 35% of women globally have experience sexual violence, with many more reporting sexual harassment. In the rise of urban living, how does this affect gender equality in today’s world? The study, which covered 2,500 women between the ages of 15-35 from every district, found that 90 percent of women and girls have suffered some form of sexual harassment while on public buses and trains. Of those, only four percent sought help from the police.

Key words: Harassment, Public  Transport, Whistle, Kissing Sound, Touching.

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Title: A study of Women Harassment in public  transports in Bangladesh
Author: Tahmina Akter dipu & kanij Farhana Nipu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3552499
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 19/11/2019
Date of Publication: 25/11/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/430.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 215-222
First Page: 215
Last Page: 222
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Tahmina Akter dipu & kanij Farhana Nipu (2019). Women Harassment in public  transports in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 215-222.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3552499. Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/430.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tahmina Akter Dipu, (Corresponding author), Department  of Bangladesh and Liberation War studies, Noakhali  science  and Technology University, Bangladesh.

kanij Farhana Nipu, Department  of Bangladesh and Liberation War studies, Noakhali  science  and Technology University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3552499

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The Effects of Microcredit on The Empowerment of Women in Northern Region of Bangladesh Md. Rakibul Islam Rubel, Md. Mozahidul Haque, & Mohammad Earfan Ali Khondaker

The Effects of Microcredit on The Empowerment of Women in Northern Region of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Rakibul Islam Rubel, Md. Mozahidul  Haque, & Mohammad Earfan Ali Khondaker

Abstract

The study investigated the effects of microcredit on the empowerment of women in the Northern region of Bangladesh. The leading NGOs namely ASA, BRAC, GRAMEEN BANK, PROSHIKA, SKS and TMSS were targeted for data collection in the three selected districts viz., Gaibandha, Rangpur and Dinajpur in the Northern region of Bangladesh. A total of 247 women (Microcredit borrowers) were selected randomly from the selected districts as the sample of the study. The findings of the study showed that microcredit reduces economic problems of the women and helps to enhance economic empowerment. And also after taking loan or involving with microcredit their family income, expenditure and savings increased significantly. Positive and significant empowerment effects were found for the indicators: intra-HH decision, mobility, and own & child healthcare. It is seen that after taking loan or involving with microcredit decision-making power have changed for the women in all the dimensions used in this study and more importantly the women view such changes rather positively. If interest rates are kept low, payments are collected in a reasonable amount of time, and support in terms of education and advice are granted to borrowers, microcredit can continue to positively impact and empower women in Bangladesh and abroad. It is hoped that the findings of this study would prove to be useful for Government departments, NGO’s, Agencies and Researchers who wish to do further research in the areas mentioned above and may be helpful to the policy makers and planners in formulating plans for national development.

Key words: Microcredit, Effects of Microcredit, Economic Empowerment of Women, Empowerment of Women, Decision-making power, Mobility of women, Bangladesh.

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Title: The Effects of Microcredit on The Empowerment of Women in Northern Region of Bangladesh
Author: Md. Rakibul Islam Rubel, Md. Mozahidul  Haque, & Mohammad Earfan Ali Khondaker
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3550854
Media: Online and print
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 16/11/2019
Date of Publication: 22/11/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/428.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 191-202
First Page: 191
Last Page: 202
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Rakibul Islam Rubel, Md. Mozahidul  Haque, & Mohammad Earfan Ali Khondaker (2019). The Effects of Microcredit on The Empowerment of Women in Northern Region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 191-202.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3550854

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/428.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Rakibul Islam Rubel, M.S., Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

Md. Mozahidul Haque, (Corresponding author), M.S., Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200,   Bangladesh.

Dr. Mohammad Earfan Ali Khondaker, Associate Professor, Department of Statistics,       Faculty of Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3550854

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Impact of online shopping on brand loyalty: A study in Dhaka, Bangladesh D. M. Yeamin Arnab, Anika Hoque, Md. Mofizur Islam Hridoy

Impact of online shopping on brand loyalty: A study in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Author (s)

D. M. Yeamin Arnab, Anika Hoque, Md. Mofizur Islam Hridoy

Abstract

Brand loyalty is the most important aspect of the competitive market in the present times. Maintaining loyalty of customers towards a brand is essential and online shopping puts a huge impact on this factor. The purpose of this study is to inquire into the impact of online shopping on a customer’s loyalty towards a brand from a customer’s perspective by taking the opinions of the residents of Dhaka, Bangladesh. This paper gives a theoretical model to establish the bridge between brand loyalty and online shopping, both having an interrelation between them. Then the hypothesis is formulated. This paper took primary responses from 70 people living in Dhaka city and did a qualitative analysis of them. The result of this empirical study is that online shopping does have a significant impact on brand loyalty. Online platforms for shopping is more significant in dying companies and also running companies to grab the potential customers in this digitalized world and thus have a constructive effect on the brand loyalty is the core implication of this study.

Key words:Online shopping, Brand, Brand loyalty, Dhaka, Customer loyalty, Online.

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Title: Impact of online shopping on brand loyalty: A study in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Author: D. M. Yeamin Arnab, Anika Hoque, Md. Mofizur Islam Hridoy
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549671
Media: Online and print
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 12/11/2019
Date of Publication: 21/11/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/426.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 174-181
First Page: 174
Last Page: 181
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

D.M Yeamin Arnab , Anika Hoque, Md. Mofizur Islam Hridoy (2019). Impact of online shopping on brand loyalty: A study in Dhaka, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 174-181.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549671

 

 

About Author (s)

D.M. Yeamin Arnab, Bachelor of Business Administration, Army Institute of Business Administration, Savar Cantonment, Bangladesh.

Anika Hoque, (Corresponding author), Bachelor of Business Administration, Army Institute of Business Administration, Savar Cantonment, Bangladesh.

MD. Mofizur Islam Hridoy, Bachelor of Business Administration, Army Institute of Business Administration, Savar Cantonment, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549671

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Strategic Planning of Public relations – Reducing uncertainty in Decision making Ana Matias & Luis Cardoso

Strategic Planning of Public relations – Reducing uncertainty in Decision making

Author (s)

Ana Matias & Luis Cardoso

Abstract

Nowadays, corporate communication can’t be fully understood without the contribution of public relations. Publics are fundamental for all corporations and ways to communicate with them have gained new challenges, products and solutions due to social changes and ICT technologies available and furthermore due to new needs from different publics. For this reason, the desired level of action improvement in each project should be calculated to arrive at the best set of cost / outcome measures. As the actions are implemented and the results measured it can be said that the Public Relations Plan is continuously recycled All this leeds corporate communication to evolve to a more careful, wide and accurate strategic planning.

Key words: Communication, Corporate Communication, Public Relations, Publics, Strategic Planning, ICT.

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Title: Strategic Planning of Public relations – Reducing uncertainty in Decision making
Author: Ana Matias & Luis Cardoso
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3547481
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 18/11/2019
Date of Publication: 19/11/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/429.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 203-214
First Page: 203
Last Page: 214
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Matias, A. & Cardoso, L. (2019). Strategic Planning of Public relations – Reducing uncertainty in Decision making. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 203-214.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3547481

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/429.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ana Matias, PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu and Centre for Studies in Education and Innovation, Portugal.

Luis Cardoso, PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre and Centre for Comparative Studies – University of Lisbon, Portugal.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3547481

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Building Sustainable Green Environment by Reducing Traffic Jam: The Role of Sharing Economy as Ride-sharing An Overview of Dhaka Metropolitan City Raj Kumar, Yuan Chun, Tanjia Binte Zafar & Nora Ahmed Mothafar

Building Sustainable Green Environment by Reducing Traffic Jam: The Role of Sharing Economy as Ride-sharing An Overview of Dhaka Metropolitan City

Author (s)

Raj Kumar, Yuan Chun, Tanjia Binte Zafar & Nora Ahmed Mothafar

Abstract

This paper examines the CO2 gas emissions and would find the way to save energy use as a result of adopting ride-sharing system named Pathao and avoiding traffic jam in Dhaka city, the capital of Bangladesh. Most of the people like to stay in an urban area because of the availability of extensive facilities and having proper access of travelling. This analysis recognizes the impacts of ride-sharing Pathao on travelling distance, fleet fuel consumption etc. The result indicates that current ride-sharing system reduces CO2 emission and helps to save energy usage through individual use ride-sharing Pathao in Dhaka city of Bangladesh. Advanced vehicle technologies are changing faster, and policy instruments regulating their design should evolve accordingly to remain updated. Bangladesh has recently upgraded the emission test procedure for the advance technology Motorcycle.

Key words: Ride-sharing, Sustainable, Traffic-jam, Emission, Carbon di-oxaide, Motorbike, Fuel Consumption.

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Title: Building Sustainable Green Environment by Reducing Traffic Jam: The Role of Sharing Economy as Ride-sharing An Overview of Dhaka Metropolitan City
Author: Raj Kumar, Yuan Chun, Tanjia Binte Zafar & Nora Ahmed Mothafar
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533127
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 07/11/2019
Date of Publication: 08/11/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/425.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 164-173
First Page: 164
Last Page: 173
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Raj Kumar, Yuan Chun, Tanjia Binte Zafar & Nora Ahmed Mothafar (2019). Building Sustainable Green Environment by Reducing Traffic Jam: The Role of Sharing Economy as Ride-sharing An Overview of Dhaka Metropolitan City. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 164-173.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533127

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/425.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Raj Kumar, School of Management, Lanzhou university, China.

Yuan Chun, (Corresponding author), School of Management, Lanzhou university, China.

Tanjia Binte Zafar, School of earth and environment science, Lanzhou University, China.

Nora Ahmed Mothafar, School of Management, Lanzhou university, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533127

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Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach to Examining the Factors’ Affecting Work Life Balance among Female Teachers’: An Empirical Study Gazi Md. Shakhawat Hossain, Md. Nayem Hossen, Md. Sharifur Rahman, & Maruf Hasan

Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach to Examining the Factors’ Affecting Work Life Balance among Female Teachers’: An Empirical Study

Author (s)

Gazi Md. Shakhawat Hossain, Md. Nayem Hossen, Md. Sharifur Rahman, & Maruf Hasan

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to examine the factors influencing the work-life balance of female teachers. The study population was composed of female teacher of educational institutions in Barishal division. The respondents were identified through databases from Barishal Education Board, and Ministry of Education, Bangladesh.  A convenience sampling was used to recruit participants. We developed a five-point Likert-based questionnaire (ranging from 1, strongly disagree, to 5, strongly agree). For data collection, the 630 questionnaires distributed, 370 completed questionnaires were returned, yielding a response rate of 58.73%. Statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0. The study employing structural equation modelling (SEM) as the primary statistical technique to analyzed the relationship between dependent and independent variable.  Result showed that the regression coefficient for the path from co-worker support (CS) to work-life balance (WLB) is positive (β1 = 0.681) which indicates that CS contributes to WLB of female teachers.  Similarly, the path from work overload (WO) to work-life balance (WLB) is also significant (β2 = 0.425) which indicates that when WO decreases, work life conflict of female teachers also decreases. Likewise, the path from job engagement (JE) to work-life balance (WLB) is positive (β3 = 0.361) which indicates that JE contributes to WLB. This study is more significant especially in the context of Bangladesh because more and more women are entering into the teaching profession as a result pattern of socio-economic status has changed. In Bangladesh, female teachers can examine their WLB issues using the factors of this study. Finally, different professionals may facilitate awareness about WLB issues confronted by women to make a favorable social attitude towards them.

Key words: Female Teachers, Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach, Work Life Balance.

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Title: Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach to Examining the Factors’ Affecting Work Life Balance among Female Teachers’: An Empirical Study
Author: Gazi Md. Shakhawat Hossain, Md. Nayem Hossen, Md. Sharifur Rahman, & Maruf Hasan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3528458
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 01/11/2019
Date of Publication: 05/11/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/423.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 140-152
First Page: 140
Last Page: 152
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Gazi Md. Shakhawat Hossain, Md. Nayem Hossen, Md. Sharifur Rahman, & Maruf Hasan (2019). Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) Approach to Examining the Factors’ Affecting Work Life Balance among Female Teachers’: An Empirical Study, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 140-152. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3528458

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/423.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Gazi Md. Shakhawat Hossain, Masters of Business Administration (MBA), Management Science and Engineering (MSE), School of Management (SOM), Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Hubei, Wuhan, P.R. China.

Md. Nayem Hossen (Corresponding Author), CEO, NayTechs, Major M A Jalil Road, Bottola, Barisal- 8200, Bangladesh.

Md. Sharifur Rahman, Lecturer, Department of Food Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Science, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali – 8602, Bangladesh.

Maruf Hasan, Master of Public Administration (MPA), Administrative Management, College of Public Administration (CPA), Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Hubei, Wuhan, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3528458

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Women in Selling Profession at Barisal City, Bangladesh: Challenges and A Way Forward Fatema-Tuz-Zohora & Dilafroze Khanam

Women in Selling Profession at Barisal City, Bangladesh: Challenges and A Way Forward

Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora & Dilafroze Khanam

Abstract

Women have been performing active roles in families since ages. And at present they are furthermore acknowledged for their contribution in their workplace and they are also involved in varied array of activities .They are now performing even more challenging job like sales. And in Bangladesh there is no exception too. The study tries to find out the challenges faced by the Bangladeshi working women who are in sales profession. The study also attempts to find out the possible remedies for them so that they can be able to use their full potentials to balance their family and professional life. The current study surveyed only women employees of sales profession in Barisal city in Bangladesh. By using the mixed method approach primary data was collected from 100 working women from different sectors in sales profession. The data collection techniques included face to face interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), questionnaire and observation. And Secondary data were collected from different books, journals, documentaries, internet, etc. Data were collected through convenience sampling method. The questionnaire consisted of 16 close ended and 4 open ended questions to meet the objectives of the study. To analyze the data of the open ended questionnaires the researcher used the judgmental method. And After collecting the raw data of close ended questionnaires, the researchers convert the data and analyze the findings by using frequency distribution and simple percentage method. The women who are in sales professions are facing diverse challenges like-family restrictions, different social and security challenges, gender discriminations in case of salary, promotions and workloads, health injuries and balancing family and professional life. The findings revels that the scenario will not be changed rapidly however, if the recommendations are followed properly then there are vast opportunities that will make them able to face and to lessen up such challenges.

Key words: Sales, Women, Women in sales, Challenges, Solution, Bangladesh.

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Title: Women in Selling Profession at Barisal City, Bangladesh: Challenges and A Way Forward
Author: Fatema-Tuz-Zohora & Dilafroze Khanam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522871
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 24/10/2019
Date of Publication: 30/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/422.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 127-139
First Page: 127
Last Page: 139
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora & Dilafroze Khanam (2019). Women in Selling Profession at Barisal City, Bangladesh: Challenges and A Way Forward, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 127-139. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522871

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/422.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Barisal, Barisal-8200, Bangladesh.

Dilafroze Khanam, Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Barisal, Barisal-8200, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522871

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A comparative Analysis of liquidity, solvency and profitability of State-owned Commercial Banks (SCBs) and Private Commercial Banks (PCBs) of Bangladesh Mohammad Main Uddin, Rabiul Islam, Md. Jamal Uddin, Md. Mostafizur Rahman & Mst. Helen Parvin

A comparative Analysis of liquidity, solvency and profitability of  State-owned Commercial Banks (SCBs) and Private Commercial Banks (PCBs) of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Mohammad Main Uddin, Rabiul Islam, Md. Jamal Uddin, Md. Mostafizur Rahman &  Mst. Helen Parvin

Abstract

This study based on analysis of liquidity, solvency and profitability between state owned commercial banks (SCBs) and private commercial banks (PCBs). To obtain the empirical results secondary data is used from the annual reports of the banks. A financial statement analysis technique especially ratio analysis is applied. The analysis is shown by different tables and graphs and interpretations are made. Under this study liquidity ratios, profitability ratios and profitability ratios are drawn. After the analysis of liquidity SCBs are higher than PCBs. Under quick ratio PCBs is higher than SCBs. Cash flows from operations ratio had a fluctuating mode in all the banks from 2013-2017 but in 2017 PCBs are better than SCBs. Under solvency ratio PCBs in better position than SCBs. Under profitability ratio the gross profit margin of PCBs is higher than SCBs, in case of net profit margin it’s fluctuating year to year and banks to banks. In case of earnings per share SCBs is far better than the PCBs. It is observed that the overall performance of commercial banks is comparatively better than state owned commercial banks. The main limitation of this study is small sample size that is only two state owned commercial banks and two private commercial banks are taken as sample. And the ratio analysis is conducted based on only 5 years’ data. This study emphasis only quantitative variables but only quantitative variables are not adequate to build an overall measurement of financial presentation. To know the liquidity, solvency, profitability of the banks, future studies may be conducted in the same contest by comparing activities of foreign commercial banks, specialized banks and banks that have started their journey currently.

Key words: Liquidity, solvency, profitability, performance, commercial bank.

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Title: A comparative Analysis of liquidity, solvency and profitability of  State-owned Commercial Banks (SCBs) and Private Commercial Banks (PCBs) of Bangladesh
Author: Mohammad Main Uddin, Rabiul Islam, Md. Jamal Uddin, Md. Mostafizur Rahman &  Mst. Helen Parvin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522146
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 26/10/2019
Date of Publication: 29/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/421.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-126
First Page: 118
Last Page: 126
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mohammad Main Uddin, Rabiul Islam, Md. Jamal Uddin, Md. Mostafizur Rahman & Mst. Helen Parvin (2019). A comparative analysis of liquidity, solvency and profitability of SCBs and PCBs of Bangladesh, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 118-126. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522146

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/421.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mohammad Main Uddin (corresponding author), Assistant Professor, Department of Accounting, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Rabiul Islam, Assistant Professor, Department of Accounting and Information Systems,   Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Dr. Md. Jamal Uddin, Associate Professor, Department of Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Senior Principal Officer, Sonali Bank Ltd. Mohakhali Branch, Dhaka.

Mst. Helen Parvin, MBA in Accounting and Information Systems, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science     and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522146

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Corporate Governance and Performance: Evidence from Industrial Product and Service Sector in Bursa Malaysia Mohd Rashdan Sallehuddin & Nor Azrin Mohamad Rosli

Corporate Governance and Performance: Evidence from Industrial Product and Service Sector in Bursa Malaysia

Author (s)

Mohd Rashdan Sallehuddin & Nor Azrin Mohamad Rosli

Abstract

An empirical study was conducted to investigate the corporate governance variables (board size, board independence, board meeting and duality) that are related to the firm performance (ROA) in industrial product and service sector companies in Bursa Malaysia, with a particular focus on the Main Market. This paper will examined on firm performance  based on return on assets (ROA) public-listed firms’ industrial product and service sector. The study adopts by examines the annual reports from the year 2014 to 2018. A multiple regression analysis was conducted on the whole population of listed companies in this sector. The empirical results suggest firm performance had significant relationship with board size, board independence and duality. In contrast, the firm performance is insignificant with board meeting. The outcome of this study could provide insight for the evidence to relevant regulatory bodies in Malaysia to look further on the effectiveness on the code of corporate governance particularly public-listed firms’ from industrial product and service sector in Bursa Malaysia. Furthermore, the research performed for this study specifically focused on identifying governance mechanisms that have a proven impact on enhanced firms’ performance, regardless of whether they are marked as a good practice in regulation or codes. The results provide practical guidance for company directors, as well as a useful guidance for the people empowered with formulating governance regulation and codes.

Key words: Corporate governance, firms’ performance, industrial sector, Main Market, ROA, Bursa Malaysia.

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Title: Corporate Governance and Performance: Evidence from Industrial Product and Service Sector in Bursa Malaysia
Author: Mohd Rashdan Sallehuddin & Nor Azrin Mohamad Rosli
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3515013
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 20/10/2019
Date of Publication: 21/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/408.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 87-98
First Page: 87
Last Page: 98
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mohd Rashdan Sallehuddin & Nor Azrin Mohamad Rosli (2019). Corporate Governance and Performance: Evidence from Industrial Product and Service Sector in Bursa Malaysia, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 87-98. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3515013

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/408.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mohd Rashdan Sallehuddin (Corresponding Author), Senior Lecturer, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia

Nor Azrin Mohamad Rosli, Executive, Agrobank Bhd., Penang, Malaysia.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3515013

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Impact of Sales Person’s Customer Orientation, In-Store Promotions and In-Store Environment on Impulsive Buying Mediated by Urge: The Moderating Role of Impulsive Buying Tendency Muhammad Bilal Gulfraz & Xiong Wei

Impact of Sales Person’s Customer Orientation, In-Store Promotions and In-Store Environment on Impulsive Buying Mediated by Urge: The Moderating Role of Impulsive Buying Tendency

Author (s)

Muhammad Bilal Gulfraz & Xiong Wei

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the Impact of Sales Person Customer orientation, in-store promotions and in-store environment on impulsive buying mediated by urge and the moderating role of impulsive buying tendency. The data was collected through a survey questionnaire on likert rating scale using a sample of 201 consumers from Pakistan and China. Questionnaire data was then analyzed & passed through different statistical analysis on SPSS & different relationship between key variables were observed. Research result indicates that there is a strong impact of sales person’s customer orientation, in store promotions and in store environment on impulsive buying. The mediating role of urge has also been approved, and the moderating role of impulsive buying tendency. The sample mainly contained consumers of low income people of Pakistan which possibly limits the generalization of the findings. Future research should include consumers from other income classes. The findings are not only useful to retailers & marketers but also to consumers & product manager’s as well. This study will find new ways to predict consumer’s decision making specifically in impulsive buying. It will suggest new considerations for the marketers to market their products to the target audience. Further, it will also enrich the existing literature on the subject.

Key words: Sales Person’s customer orientation; in store environment; in store promotions; Impulsive buying tendency; Urge to buy; impulsive buying behavior.

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Title: Impact of Sales Person’s Customer Orientation, In-Store Promotions and In-Store Environment on Impulsive Buying Mediated by Urge: The Moderating Role of Impulsive Buying Tendency
Author: Muhammad Bilal Gulfraz & Xiong Wei
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514985
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 20/10/2019
Date of Publication: 21/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/409.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 99-117
First Page: 99
Last Page: 117
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muhammad Bilal Gulfraz & Xiong Wei (2019). Impact of Sales Person’s Customer Orientation, In-Store Promotions and In-Store Environment on Impulsive Buying Mediated by Urge: The Moderating Role of Impulsive Buying Tendency, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 99-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514985

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/409.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Bilal Gulfraz (Corresponding Author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Xiong Wei, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514985

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Corporate Financial Reporting Practices in manufacturing companies of Bangladesh in the light of International Accounting Standards (IAS): Study on Advanced Chemical Industries ltd. Rakibul Islam, Md. Azmir Sharif & Shamima Islam

Corporate Financial Reporting Practices in manufacturing companies of Bangladesh in the light of International Accounting Standards (IAS): Study on Advanced Chemical Industries ltd.

Author (s)

Rakibul Islam, Md. Azmir Sharif & Shamima Islam

Abstract

International Accounting Standards (IAS) is adopted in Bangladesh by the named Bangladesh Accounting Standards (BAS). Most of the BAS are being vastly using in manufacturing sectors of Bangladesh. This study attempts to find out the application of IAS and how much was it complied according to the standards. By analyzing the annual reports of the sample manufacturing company, it was found that the company was complied and acknowledged in the financial statements. It also disclosed detailed information in the notes. To prepare this analytical report only secondary data were used. Among the sources, data mainly collected from the published annual report and web site of selected company, review text book and internet.

Key words: International Accounting Standards (IAS), International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), Bangladesh accounting standards (BAS), Corporate reporting, Financial statements, Bangladesh Financial Reporting Standards (BFRS), Advanced Chemical Industries (ACI) ltd.

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Title: Corporate Financial Reporting Practices in manufacturing companies of Bangladesh in the light of International Accounting Standards (IAS): Study on Advanced Chemical Industries ltd.
Author: Rakibul Islam, Md. Azmir Sharif & Shamima Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514281
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 18/10/2019
Date of Publication: 20/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/407.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 71-86
First Page: 71
Last Page: 86
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rakibul Islam, Md. Azmir Sharif & Shamima Islam (2019). Corporate Financial Reporting Practices in manufacturing companies of Bangladesh in the light of International Accounting Standards (IAS): Study on Advanced Chemical Industries ltd., International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 71-86. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514281

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/407.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rakibul Islam, (Corresponding Author)  Lecturer in Accounting, Department of Business Administration, Bangladesh Army University of Science and Technology (BAUST), Saidpur Cantonment, Nilphamari, Bangladesh.

Md. Azmir Sharif, Lecturer in Accounting, Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University, Savar,  Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Shamima Islam, Lecturer in Finance, Department of Business Administration, Bangladesh Army University of Science and Technology (BAUST), Saidpur Cantonment, Nilphamari, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3514281

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Economic Value Added (EVA): A Literature Review Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain

Economic Value Added (EVA): A Literature Review

Author (s)

Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain

Abstract

Traditional accounting based performance measures fail to assess the true economic return of a firm. In this regard Economic Value Added (EVA) reflects true economic profit of a firm.  This paper explores the role, limitations, foundation, computation of economic value added (EVA) from the established literature. In addition, this paper addresses the key adjustments into residual earnings to reach into EVA. Finally a few numerical examples to introduce key adjustments have been provided. However, there are some other adjustments that are not addressed in this paper. Hence, considering all the financial adjustments in computing EVA can make the paper more worthy of knowledge sharing and dissemination. EVA is termed as a better performance measure across the firms.

Key words: Economic Value Added, Economic Profit, Financial Adjustments, Performance Measure, Residual Earnings.

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Title: Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks
Author: Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522161
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 12/10/2019
Date of Publication: 18/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/412.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 274-285
First Page: 274
Last Page: 285
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain (2019). Economic Value Added (EVA): A Literature Review, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 274-285. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522161

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/412.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md.  Zahedul Islam, Lecturer, Department of Accounting, University of Chittagong.

Md. Thasinul Abedin (corresponding author), Assistant Professor, Department of Accounting, University of Chittagong.

Md. Sharif Hossain, Professor, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522161

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Formulation of the Business Model of the Conch Shell Industry in Tanjung Balai: A Comparative Study of Small and Medium Industries Samrin, Yossie Rossanty, Muhammad Dharma Tuah Putra Nasution & Irawan

Formulation of the Business Model of the Conch Shell Industry in Tanjung Balai: A Comparative Study of Small and Medium Industries

Author (s)

Samrin, Yossie Rossanty, Muhammad Dharma Tuah Putra Nasution & Irawan

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine and analyze the SWOT formulation of the conch shell business industry in Tanjung Balai. Data processing and analysis methods used are factor and discriminant analysis using the Cochran and Kaiser Meyer Olkin Measure of Sampling (KMO) tests. The results of this study are to strengthen the results of the previous year’s research by exploring the potential of marketing strategies and comparisons of each industry. Meanwhile, the qualitative analysis used is the SWOT analysis. The population in this study were industrial craftsmen in Tanjung Balai, amounting to 38 SMI, which were directly sampled using census techniques. The results of this study that almost all respondents said this effort was necessary in the Blue Ocean Strategy formulation. The six Small and Medium Industries have a level of importance that is not the same as in the Blue Ocean strategy formulation. The loading value or correlation value obtained from the results of the orthogonal rotation of the varimax performed on the five competitive factors also result in 2 main components, such as the volume of contents and the contract system for the first component and the ease of raw materials and facilities for the second component.  The situation in Tanjung Balai Small and Medium Industries (SMI) is a situation that describes the red ocean. It can be seen from the value curve of Tanjung Balai SMI which have a tendency to coincide and can be seen from the number of industry players who tend to increase and increase each other’s market share. Besides, each of the Tanjung Balai SMI also has a position as a business that offers excessively without adequate results. It can be seen from the value curve, which has a high factor value, so it shows the business making a substantial investment.

Key words: Blue Ocean Formulation, Small and Medium Industries, SWOT Analysis Model.

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Title: Formulation of the Business Model of the Conch Shell Industry in Tanjung Balai: A Comparative Study of Small and Medium Industries
Author: Samrin, Yossie Rossanty, Muhammad Dharma Tuah Putra Nasution & Irawan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3484700
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 08/10/2019
Date of Publication: 14/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/405.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 38-62
First Page: 38
Last Page: 62
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Samrin, Yossie Rossanty, Muhammad Dharma Tuah Putra Nasution & Irawan (2019). Formulation of the Business Model of the Conch Shell Industry in Tanjung Balai: A Comparative Study of Small and Medium Industries, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 38-62. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3484700

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/405.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Samrin, Department of Management, Faculty of Social Science,Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia.

Yossie Rossanty, Department of Management, Faculty of Social Science,Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia.

Muhammad Dharma Tuah Putra Nasution (corresponding author), Department of Management, Faculty of Social Science,Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia.

Irawan, Department of Management, Faculty of Social Science,Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3484700

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Foreign Policy of Bangladesh: Bilateral Trade between Bangladesh & India Tahmina Akter (Dipu) & Md. Al Amin

Foreign Policy of Bangladesh: Bilateral Trade between Bangladesh & India

Author (s)

Tahmina Akter (Dipu) & Md. Al Amin

Abstract

Foreign policy indicates the policy of a sovereign state in its interaction with other sovereign state. India is the neighbor country of Bangladesh & Bangladesh is surrounded by India from three sides. So Bangladesh cannot avoid India. From after the liberation war of Bangladesh Indo-Bangladesh relation become develop day by day. Bilateral trade is the result of good foreign policy of Bangladesh with India. In this research paper I discuss about the trade policy of Indo-Bangladesh. For data collection I use some methods & materials, I have collected data from Bangladesh Bank, Export-Import statistics & had been searched websites, Google Scholar, Research Gate. I selected my objective of research -economic policy of Bangladesh with India, find the problems of trade policy & giving a solution by foreign policy. In data of Bangladesh export-import we can see that the import of Bangladesh is more than export. The import items are -all types cotton, organic & chemical products, vehicles, cosmetics & plastic items etc. on the other hand export items of Bangladesh are-home textile, Jute & jute goods, frozen foods etc. From this export items Bangladesh earn millions of dollars as a result we can say Bangladesh foreign policy become develop. After some years it would become a great economic zone for others country.  There are some problems Bangladesh foreign policy with India. They are geographical position, political problems, lacking of experts’ people who make policy, as a poor country Bangladesh affected various treaties. These problems cannot be removed in a day we can reduce these problems by standard of the diplomacy, national resources should be used properly, the trends of party system should be avoided, create a peaceful place & friendly place by foreign policy.

Key words: Bilateral, Export, Import, Deficit, Trade balance.

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Title: Foreign Policy of Bangladesh: Bilateral Trade between Bangladesh & India
Author: Tahmina Akter (Dipu) & Md. Al Amin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3483484
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 10/10/2019
Date of Publication: 12/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/406.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 65-70
First Page: 65
Last Page: 70
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Tahmina Akter (Dipu) & Md. Al Amin (2019). Foreign Policy of Bangladesh: Bilateral Trade between Bangladesh & India, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 65-70. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3483484

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/406.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Tahmina Akter (Dipu) (corresponding author),  Department of Bangladesh & Liberation War studies, Noakhali Science & Technology  University.

Md. Al Amin, Food Technology and Nutrition Science , Noakhali Science & Technology  University.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3483484

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The impact of structural change in exports on economic growth in West Africa: cointegration and causality analysis AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed

The impact of structural change in exports on economic growth in West Africa: cointegration and causality analysis

Author (s)

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed

Abstract

The paper used the Panel Vector Autoregression(VAR) and Generalized method of moments (GMM) to view the impact of structural Change in export on economic growth in West Africa. Due to many challenges African export is the lowest compare to other regions in the world. The similarity of the export of many countries in West Africa is responsible for the trend it exhibits. The results of our analysis have shown that the shocks in Export levels have a direct impact on the contemporaneous GDP growth, while the current GDP growth change affects Export only in the future also there is a short run relationship between the GDP, the Export and the Import. The structural change occurs in the Export and the Import is responsible for the change in the GDP growth holding other things constant.

Key words: Structural Change, Export, Panel VAR, GMM West Africa.

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Title: The impact of structural change in exports on economic growth in West Africa: cointegration and causality analysis
Author: AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3473997
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 01/10/2019
Date of Publication: 06/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/404.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 25-37
First Page: 25
Last Page: 37
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed (2019). The Impact Of Structural Change In Exports On Economic Growth In West Africa: Cointegration And Causality Analysis, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 25-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3473997

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/404.pdf

 

About Author (s)

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed (corresponding author), Doctorate candidate at UIBE in International Economics,  Policy Analyst and  Research Assistant at the University of Peking (P.R.China)  in  Special  Economic  Zones  in  Sub-Saharan  Countries, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3473997

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Individual Development Opportunity, Brand Name and Job Satisfaction TRAN DUC TAI

Individual Development Opportunity, Brand Name and Job Satisfaction

Author (s)

TRAN DUC TAI

Abstract

Understanding the impact of individual development opportunity and brand name is important for job satisfaction in universities in Vietnam. This paper examines individual development opportunity, brand name and job satisfaction. The study adopts a convenience sampling method to collect data from 800 permanent lecturers in universities Ho Minh Chi City Vietnam. It was observed that individual development opportunity and university brand name have a significant influence on job satisfaction. As a consequence, it is concluded that by recognizing the impact of individual development opportunity and university brand name. The implication of this study is for the university managers which they can enhance the level of job satisfaction among lecturers in Ho Chi Minh in particular and in Vietnam in general.

Key words: Brand name, Individual development opportunity, Job satisfaction, University, Vietnam.

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Title: Individual Development Opportunity, Brand Name and Job Satisfaction
Author: TRAN DUC TAI
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3466888
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 29/09/2019
Date of Publication: 01/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/403.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 12-24
First Page: 12
Last Page: 24
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

TRAN DUC TAI (2019). Individual Development Opportunity, Brand Name and Job Satisfaction, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(6), 12-24. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3466888

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/403.pdf

 

About Author (s)

TRAN DUC TAI, Ph.D. student of Malaysia University of Science and Technology (MUST) University, Malaysia (tranductai2912@gmail.com) & MBA, Full-time lecturer of Faculty of Business Administration, Van Lang University, Vietnam (tranductai@vanlanguni.edu.vn).

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3466888

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Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique

Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks

Author (s)

Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to review the treasury functions of the SCOBs, to assess the amount of investment in government securities by the SOCBs and to find out the amount of loss incurred due to excess investment in government securities. The study found that Treasury Department of the various SOCBs is involved in CRR & SLR management, Currency Management, ALM and investment. Moreover, excess SLR of SOCBs was gradually increased in 2015 and 2016 with some exceptions. In addition, COF was between 6.95% to 11.87% in the period of 2014 to 2016 and WAIR of investment was drastically fall in 2015 and 2016. Consequently SOCBs incurred huge loss in 2015 and 2016. The implication of the study is that SOCBs can use the findings to take necessary actions regarding excess investment in government securities. Moreover, this study is a unique one in Bangladesh perspective, because a number research conducted on the investment in govt. securities or security market related topic but ”Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Bank” is new and unique. In addition, academician can use the results of the study for further research and policy makers and regulators can use it to take quick decision.

Key words: Investment, Government security, State-owned commercial Banks, Profit, Loss.

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Title: Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks
Author: Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3459409
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 22/09/2019
Date of Publication: 24/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/411.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 260-273
First Page: 260
Last Page: 273
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique (2019). Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 260-273.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3459409

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/411.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Subrata Deb Nath, Principal Officer, Treasury Dept., Janata Bank Limited, Head Office, 110 Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Munna Rani Biswas, Senior Assistant Chief, Cabinet Division, Bangladesh Secretariat, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Md. Habib Ullah Siddique, Senior Principal Officer, Treasury Dept., Janata Bank    Limited, Head Office, 110 Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3459409

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Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China Fatema-Tuz-Zohora

Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China

Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora

Abstract

The aim of the study to explore the factor influencing online shopping behavior of international students who are studying in Guangzhou, china. The current study surveyed only the international Students of South China University of Technology of Guangzhou city in China and total 169 questionnaire samples have been distributed. Quantitative study approached has been adopted to collect analyze and present data in this study. Data for the study is drawn from two main sources-primary source and secondary source. Primary data was collected through the administration of structured questionnaires from 169 international university students. The collected sample was analyzed by using (SPSS) software which is convenient to use and fast to get the results. Frequency, descriptive analysis, and to check reliability of the tool internal consistency method using SPSS by finding Cronbach‘s alpha value lastly correlation factors was determined. And Secondary data is obtained from journals, published books, different blogs, lecture notes and internet etc. This study focused on strategies for analyzing the present scenario of international students as a shopper; survey their shopping behavior, factor influencing their online shopping patterns and consumption behavior. Functionality, privacy, trust, firm reputation and perceived value are the major influencing factors on consumer online shopping behavior. The relationship and data reliability of the influencing factors are significantly reliable and has significant relationships which justify the research. Study concluded that among the influencing factors functionality factor ranked top importance followed by privacy, firm reputation, perceived value, and trust. The lower ranking of trust is indicating that major respondents group feels uncomfortable or unsafe to do online shopping.

Key words: Online Shopping; Shopping Behavior; Factor influencing online Shopping; International Students; China.

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Title: Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China
Author: Fatema-Tuz-Zohora
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/338.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 239-259
First Page: 239
Last Page: 259
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora (2019). Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 239-259.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/338.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora, Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Barisal, Barisal-8200, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124

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Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives Samia Tariq

Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives

Author (s)

Samia Tariq

Abstract

Selection of the appropriate entry mode for internationalization is a crucial decision. Global firms contemplating foreign direct investment may incur huge costs due to wrong selection of entry mode. Environment, as a non-controllable factor, should guide these firms to choose a pertinent entry mode. This conceptual paper provides key propositions of the potential impact of entry mode selection on the success of the firm, building on resource dependency theory and contingency theory. The study proposes that the choice of entry mode selection by internationalizing Chinese firms, targeting developing as well as developed economies, is contingent on the level of environmental uncertainty and risk profile of the host country. The study highlights significant environmental factors as prime determinants of the selection of an entry mode. The proposed framework can serve as a guideline for global firms to choose the host market depending on the nature of environmental factors. Choosing right entry mode will help them to reduce failures arising from the wrong choice of entry mode. Future empirical studies should test the framework to add to the international business literature.

Key words: Resource dependence theory (RDT), Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI), Emerging Market Multinational Companies (EMNCs), Mergers & Acquisitions (M&As), Greenfield Investments, Joint Ventures (JVs).

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Title: Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives
Author: Samia Tariq
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/400.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 173-182
First Page: 173
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Review Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Samia Tariq (2019). Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 173-182. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/400.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Samia Tariq, PhD Scholar, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347

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Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives Tariq Hameed Alvi

Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives

Author (s)

Tariq Hameed Alvi

Abstract

This study contends that Resource Dependence Theory and Political Economy are pertinent perspectives to investigate drivers of Outward FDI from China by integrating them with other frameworks such as OLI-Framework, Collusion-and-Rivalry Framework, and Three-Stage Model of OFDI for Developing Countries. In so doing, it develops four fundamental propositions. First, OFDI from China will grow further in the coming years. Second, China’s increasing emphasis on North-Atlantic is attributed to the intent of Chinese MNEs to move to the higher end of the value chain. Third, the Chinese MNEs will move to more market-driven transactions after Chinese MNEs become prevalent in international markets. Fourth, Chinese MNEs will focus more on services than manufacturing in the years to come. The author hopes that these propositions will encourage empirical research on OFDI from China. The accuracy of these propositions, however, is contingent on the harmonious relationship between China and the host countries.

Key words: Multinational Enterprises (MNEs), Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI), Inward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs), Resource Dependence Theory (RDT), OLI-Framework, Collusion-and-Rivalry framework, and Three-stage model of OFDI.

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Title: Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives
Author: Tariq Hameed Alvi
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415225
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/399.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 163-172
First Page: 163
Last Page: 172
Paper Type: Review Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Tariq Hameed Alvi (2019). Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 163-172. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3415225

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/399.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tariq Hameed Alvi, PhD Scholar, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415225