Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries Authors: Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki & Salim Hamad Suleiman

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries

Authors: 

Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki  & Salim Hamad Suleiman

Abstract

We examined the determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in SADC member countries. The study employed Pooled OLS as the main estimation method and using data from the period 1995–2016. Our results revealed that infrastructure, trade openness and market size are positive and significant determinants of FDI inflows in SADC Countries. Results support the previous theory like Hecksehel-Ohlin (1933) and eclectic paradigm or OLI framework developed by Dunning (1980). However, human capital has positive insignificant and inflation has negative significant with FDI inflows for the SADC member countries. Therefore, SADC countries should promote trade agreements to facilitate exportation which has linked with industrial sectors, In addition, SADC countries should reform investment policy to attract more foreign inflow into SADC countries in the long run. The availability and reliability of the good infrastructure of attract many investors to invest in the region.

 Key words: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Determinants, SADC, foreign inflow, Pooled OLS.

 

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Title: Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries
Authors:

Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki  & Salim Hamad Suleiman

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1441190
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 30/09/2018
Date of Publication: 02/10/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/280.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 616-623
First Page: 616
Last Page: 623
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki  & Salim Hamad Suleiman (2018). Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 616-623. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1441190

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About Authors

Khamis Hamad Ali, (Corresponding Author), PhD Candidate, School of International Trade and  Economics, University of International Business and Economics, China

Suleiman Malik Faki, PhD Candidate, School of International Trade and Economics, University of     International Business and Economics, China

Salim Hamad Suleiman, School of Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business,           China

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1441190

Effects of Fenugreek, Antibiotic, Ignatia amara and Ginger on Growth Performance of Japanese Quail Authors: Maruf - Ul - Mostakim, Rakibul Islam, Roshan Rajan Shah, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Fahima Binthe Aziz, Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Hannan Ali

Effects of Fenugreek, Antibiotic, Ignatia amara and Ginger on Growth Performance of Japanese Quail

Authors: 

Maruf – Ul – Mostakim, Rakibul Islam, Roshan Rajan Shah, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Fahima Binthe Aziz, Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Hannan Ali

Abstract

Effect of fenugreek, antibiotics, ginger and ignatia on body weight, body weight gain, feed consumption and FCR of Japanese quails was evaluated in this study. Fifty Japanese quails were randomly allotted to five treatments identified as T0, T1, T2, T3 and T4. Birds on T0 served as control and T1, T2, T3 and T4 groups were treated with fenugreek, antibiotics, ginger and ignatia respectively. Fenugreek and ginger was in powder form while others were in liquid form. Average body weight in different treatments were different from the control for body weight in 1% level of significance. Feed consumption, body weight gain and feed conversion ratio in different treatments were different from the control for body weight in 5% level of significance. The birds fed the liquid form of ignatia showed better body weight,body weight gain, feed consumption and feed conversion  ratio and are comparatively significant than those feed with fenugreek, antibiotics and ginger with those of control group.

 Key words: Fenugreek, Ignatia Amara, better body weight gain, FCR.

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Title: Effects of Fenugreek, Antibiotic, Ignatia amara and Ginger on Growth Performance of Japanese Quail
Authors:

Maruf – Ul – Mostakim, Rakibul Islam, Roshan Rajan Shah, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Fahima Binthe Aziz, Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Hannan Ali

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1484456
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 30/09/2018
Date of Publication: 02/10/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/279.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 606-615
First Page: 606
Last Page: 615
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maruf-Ul-Mostakim, Rakibul Islam, Roshan Rajan Shah, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Fahima Binthe Aziz, Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Hannan Ali (2018). Effects of Fenugreek, Antibiotic, Ignatia amara and Ginger on Growth Performance of Japanese Quail. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 606-615. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1484456

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/279.pdf

 

 

About Authors

Maruf – Ul – Mostakim (Corresponding Author), MS student, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of  Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Rakibul Islam, Professor, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of  Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Roshan Rajan Shah, MS student, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of  Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of  Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Fahima Binthe Aziz, Associate professor,  Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of  Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez , Lecturer, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of  Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

Hannan Ali, MS student, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of  Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1484456

Trend of FDI and Economic Growth: A Study on Bangladesh Author: Md. Edrich Molla

Trend of FDI and Economic Growth: A Study on Bangladesh

Author: 

Md. Edrich Molla

Abstract

This study is expected to mainly show the trend of foreign direct investment and economic growth influencing overall economic development of Bangladesh. FDI employed in EPZ and Non-EPZ areas by foreign investors while analyzing and interpreting relevant data in some of designated areas linked to contributing to the sustainable economic development of the country. Taking the utmost significance of this FDI and economic growth throughout worldwide economic performance into consideration it is believed to be a useful study which is expected to explore present situation in Bangladesh. This study focuses on foreign investors’ preferred areas which contribute to a large scale of economic growth of Bangladesh. The factors considering measures taken by the government have helped boost the amount of foreign investment in the recent years. Last but not the least, this paper shows how FDI helps to build a strong economic basement of Bangladesh.

 Key words: FDI, Investors, Economic Growth, Bangladesh.

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Title: Trend of FDI and Economic Growth: A Study on Bangladesh
Authors:

Md. Edrich Molla

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1434443
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 23/09/2018
Date of Publication: 25/09/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/277.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 588-597
First Page: 588
Last Page: 597
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Molla, M. E. (2018), Trend of FDI and Economic Growth: A Study on Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 588-597. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1434443

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/277.pdf

 

About Authors

Md. Edrich Molla (Corresponding Author), Coordinator and Lecturer of Finance, Department of           Business Administration, Victoria University of Bangladesh, Panthapath, Dhaka – 1205,          Bangladesh

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1434443

Problems and Prospects of Tourism Industry in Bangladesh: A Case of Cox’s bazar Tourist Spots Author: Jahangir Alam

Problems and Prospects of Tourism Industry in Bangladesh: A Case of  Cox’s bazar Tourist Spots

Author: 

Jahangir Alam

Abstract

Tourism is an important driver of economic growth. Tourism is one of the most rising industries all over the world. Bangladesh is a country filled with natural wonders and world heritage places. There are many popular tourist spots in Bangladesh. Among them, Cox’sbazar is considered as one of the most widely visited and rising tourist spots in our country but there has not been enough research, planning, advertisement and implementation for the development of this area. The key aim of this paper is to identify problems and prospects of tourism at Cox’sbazar tourist spots which can be more convenient for all aspect of the tourists in the world. This study has conducted through semi-structured questionnaire and by the existing literature to collect relevant data. Based on data and analysis, study has found out several major problems such as lack of infrastructure facilities, modern and sufficient recreation facilities, proper training, proper planning from Government, marketing and updated information, security and safety, involvements of non-professional peoples, political instability, visa problems which is constraint to develop Cox’sbazar tourism. This study also has explored twelve popular tourist spots in the Cox’sbazar district.  Basically, this study focused on the attractive tourist spots of Cox’sbazar and finally provided some suggestions to overcome those problems.

 Key words: Tourism, Nature, Cox’s bazar, Domestic Tourists, and Foreign Tourists.

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Title: Problems and Prospects of Tourism Industry in Bangladesh: A Case of  Cox’s bazar Tourist Spots
Authors:

Jahangir Alam

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1433720
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 18/09/2018
Date of Publication: 21/09/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/275.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 568-579
First Page: 568
Last Page: 579
Current Status: published

Cite This Article:

Alam, J. (2018), Problems and Prospects of Tourism Industry in Bangladesh: A Case of  Cox’s bazar Tourist Spots. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 568-579. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.1433720

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About Authors

Jahangir Alam, (Corresponding Author) MSc, Shandong University, China

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1433720

The Impact of Capital Market Failure and Investors Responses in Bangladesh: The Case of Chittagong Stock Exchange during 2010-11 Authors: Md. Edrich Molla, Tauhid Ahmed Bappy & Mohammad Nurul Afchar

The Impact of Capital Market Failure and Investors Responses in Bangladesh: The Case of Chittagong Stock Exchange during 2010-11

Author: 

Md. Edrich Molla, Tauhid Ahmed Bappy & Mohammad Nurul Afchar

Abstract

Capital Market is the backbone of an economy. This study’s main object is to find out the impact of capital market failure in Bangladesh i.e. Chittagong Stock Exchange during the year 2010-11 and to find out responses of investors in CSE. Conducting this research, 140 investors are selected from CSE and out of this 120 investors responded properly, the response rate is 85 percent. A questionnaire was prepared for this study; it consisted of different questions on four dimensions of investors for the investment. In this study, some statistical measures such as mean calculation and regression analysis were used to examine the impact of capital market failure in Bangladesh. The study discovers all dimensions of investors’ responses towards CSE. This paper will help both investors and policy makers to know the impact of capital market failure and to make proper decision to manage and invest in future to the capital market in Bangladesh.

 Key words: Capital Market Failure, Investors Responses, Systematic Risk, Chittagong Stock Exchange, Bangladesh.

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Title: The Impact of Capital Market Failure and Investors Responses in Bangladesh: The Case of Chittagong Stock Exchange during 2010-11
Authors:

Md. Edrich Molla, Tauhid Ahmed Bappy & Mohammad Nurul Afchar

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1418864
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 13/09/2018
Date of Publication: 14/09/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/274.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 558-567
First Page: 558
Last Page: 567
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Molla, M. E.,  Bappy, T. A.  & Afchar, M. N. (2018), The Impact of Capital Market Failure and Investors Responses in Bangladesh: The Case of Chittagong Stock Exchange during 2010-11. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 558-567. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1418864

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/274.pdf

 

About Authors

Md. Edrich Molla, (Corresponding Author) Coordinator & Lecturer of Finance, Department of      Business Administration, Victoria University of Bangladesh, Panthapath, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh.

Tauhid Ahmed Bappy, Lecturer of Marketing, Department of Business Administration, Victoria University of Bangladesh, Panthapath, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh

Mohammad Nurul Afchar, Lecturer of THM, Department of THM, Victoria University of     Bangladesh, Panthapath, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1418864

Antenatal care taking behavior of Bangladeshi women Authors: Md. Sabuj Ali, Mst. Dilara Pervin, A. S. M Abu Saeed

Antenatal care taking behavior of Bangladeshi women

Author: 

Md. Sabuj Ali, Mst. Dilara Pervin, A. S. M Abu Saeed

Abstract

Maternal health is the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Maternal health comprises the health of women during pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. Health problems during pregnancy may have serious consequences, not only for the woman but also for her child, her family, and her community. This paper is about the health care taking behavior during pregnancy (Antenatal Care) which is an important indicator of the utilization of Maternal Health Care Services (MHC) in Bangladesh. In our study we have focused on the factors that affect the antenatal care. In our study to define the antenatal care we paid our interest of a woman’s antenatal visit, getting care from doctor, nurse, family welfare visitor (FWV), medical assistant/sub-assistant community medical officer (MA/SACMO). For this study, we used secondary data extracted from BDHS-2011, which is a national representative survey of the 15-49 years age groups women. The analysis has been carried out over 7,315 women who have fulfilled the study eligibility criteria. To see the effect of socio-economic and demographic factors on antenatal care (ANC), One way ANOVA was carried out for bivariate analysis and Generalized linear models (GLM) with log link function was carried  out for multivariate analysis. In bivariate analysis it has been found that Type of place of residence, Media Exposure Educational level of Respondent, Husband/partner’s education level, Region, Religion, Wealth index, Belong to NGO and Age of mother at birth has significant effect on antenatal care (ANC).

 Key words: Antenatal care (ANC), Socio-economic factors, Demographic factors, One way ANOVA,              Multiple comparison, Generalized linear model.

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Title: Antenatal care taking behavior of Bangladeshi women              
Authors: Md. Sabuj Ali, Mst. Dilara Pervin, A. S. M Abu Saeed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407714
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 02/09/2018
Date of Publication: 02/09/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/273.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 547-557
First Page: 547
Last Page: 557

Cite This Article:

Ali, M. S.,  Pervin, M. D. & Saeed, A. S. M. (2018). Antenatal care taking behavior of Bangladeshi women. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 547-557. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407714

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/273.pdf

 

About Authors

Md. Sabuj Ali, (Corresponding Author) Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Mst. Dilara Pervin, Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

S. M. Abu Saeed, Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407714

A Statistical Investigation on present condition of Tant: A case study of Sirajgonj district, Bangladesh Authors: Mst. Dilara Pervin, A. S. M. Abu Saeed, Md. Sabuj Ali, Papia sultana

A Statistical Investigation on present condition of Tant: A case study of Sirajgonj district, Bangladesh

Author: 

Mst. Dilara Pervin, A. S. M. Abu Saeed, Md. Sabuj Ali, Papia sultana

Abstract

Tant industry is the biggest handicraft industry in our country. At present Tant are declining day by day. The aim of the study to identified the existing problems in the Tant industry, evaluate the socio-economic condition of the workers associated with the Tant industries including Tant households. For this study, data are collected with SRSWOR. Our research project based on the prospective pilot study of survey on Present condition of Tant. Original sampling method is multistage cluster sampling. Firstly, we used in appropriate measure of mean with SD (standard deviation), median with IQR (inter quartile range) and percentage for discrete and continuous data. For modeling at first checked the normal P-P plot to the deviation of income index. The linear regression model was performed to analyze the factors affecting the deviation of income index. We observed that educational level, No of family members, No of Tant at beginning, No of worker, Initial investment, Source of loan, Yearly expenditure, perception on Tant are declining day by day, Designing cloth, Additional job and Involving with Tant  since boyhood are significant (P<0.001) to the deviation of income index whereas Marital status, Family status, Price of cloth produced in a week, Investment at present, Colored string themselves, Cloth usually produced are insignificant (P<0.001) effect to the deviation of income index. By Enter method, we do not get the appropriate model, so we get the appropriate model we use to perform another method namely “Forward method”. According to this method in 12th step it consists twelve variable which is Yearly expenditure, No of family members, Perception on Tant are declining day by day, Initial investment, Source of loan, Marital status, Family status, No of  Tant at beginning, Involving with Tant since boyhood, Education level, Additional job, Designing cloth. We observed that Yearly expenditure, No of family members, perception on Tant are declining day by day, Initial investment, Source of loan, No of Tant at present, Involving with Tant since boyhood, Education level, Additional job, Designing cloth are significant (P< 0.001) to the deviation of income index whereas Marital status, Family status are insignificant effect to the deviation income index.

 Key words: Tant, SRSWOR, SD, IQR, Income index.

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Title: A Statistical Investigation on present condition of Tant: A case study of Sirajgonj district, Bangladesh              
Authors: Mst. Dilara Pervin, A. S. M. Abu Saeed, Md. Sabuj Ali, Papia sultana
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407702
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 02/09/2018
Date of Publication: 02/09/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/272.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 538-546
First Page: 538
Last Page: 546

Cite This Article:

Pervin, M. D., Saeed, A. S. M. A., Ali, M. S. & Sultana P. (2018). A Statistical Investigation on present condition of Tant: A case study of Sirajgonj district, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 538-546. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407702

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/272. pdf

 

About Authors

Mst. Dilara Pervin, (Corresponding Author) Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

S. M. Abu Saeed, Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Md. Sabuj Ali, Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Papia Sultana, Professor, Department of Statistics, Rajshahi University (RU), Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407702

Time Series Modeling and Forecasting of CPI of Bangladesh Authors: S. M. Abu Saeed, Md. Sabuj Ali, Mst. Dilara Pervin, Md. Ziaul Hassan

Time Series Modeling and Forecasting of CPI of Bangladesh

Author: 

S. M. Abu Saeed, Md. Sabuj Ali, Mst. Dilara Pervin, Md. Ziaul Hassan

Abstract

Time series data is very important in the case of financial development of any economy. But it is very difficult to deal with time series data. This study is consists of time series modeling and forecasting of some economic variables of Bangladesh. For this study we have considered CPI as selected economic variables of Bangladesh. The variable was collected from the “Monthly Economic Trends” published by the Bangladesh Bank. For modeling purpose we have used Box-Jenkins Methodology which is very popularly known in the sector of time series modeling. On the study at first we have checked the stationarity. For checking stationarity we have used both graphical method and Dickey Fuller test. Then to find the appropriate model for CPI we have used the ACF, PACF curves. After finding the appropriate models we have performed the diagnostic checking for each of the fitted model, which was good. Then by using the best fitted model we have find some forecasted values for each of the variables.

 Key words: Stationarity, Box-Jenkins Methodology, Dickey Fuller test, ACF, PACF, ARIMA model.

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Title: Time Series Modeling and Forecasting of CPI of Bangladesh              
Authors: S. M. Abu Saeed, Md. Sabuj Ali, Mst. Dilara Pervin, Md. Ziaul Hassan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407688
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 02/09/2018
Date of Publication: 02/09/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/271.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 530-537
First Page: 530
Last Page: 537

Cite This Article:

Saeed, S. M. A., Ali, M. S., Pervin, M. D., & Hassan, M. Z. (2018). Time Series Modeling and Forecasting of CPI of Bangladesh . International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 530-537. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407688

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/271. pdf

About Authors

S. M. Abu Saeed, (Corresponding Author) Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Md. Sabuj Ali, Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Mst. Dilara Pervin, Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Md. Ziaul Hassan, Assistant Professor, Department of Statistics, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1407688