Landslide Problem in Bangladesh: a review with Special focus on Chittagong Region Authors: Maksudur Rahman Asif & Muhammad Sher Mahmud

Landslide Problem in Bangladesh: a review with Special focus on Chittagong Region

Authors: 

Maksudur Rahman Asif & Muhammad Sher Mahmud

Abstract

This article makes an effort to discuss several aspects of the assessment risk, effects and mitigation of landslides in Bangladesh. A considerable number of research works have been done in recent years regarding this topic and this article presents a summary review of some of the published works. Globally Bangladesh is recognized as one of the most vulnerable countries to natural calamities. Along with cyclones and floods; two most discussed and disastrous hazards of the country, landslides have caused the death of nearly 235 people in various informal settlements of Chittagong city and its adjacent urban centers since 1997. Ineffective hill management policy at the national level and weak enforcement by the local authorities has created space for growing many informal settlements along landslide prone hill slopes and foothills in Chittagong city. Based on the review of literature and published case records, it is recommended that the city of Chittagong should consider establishing a sustainable long-term landslide management plan. The practical use of this paper is that the future researcher can get a details geomorphological information of landslide which is very helpful for their research work.

Key words: landslides, risk, vulnerability, mitigation, Chittagong

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Title:

Landslide Problem in Bangladesh: a review with Special focus on Chittagong Region

Author:

Maksudur Rahman Asif & Muhammad Sher Mahmud

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1850587
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 24/11/2018
Date of Publication: 03/12/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/294.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 757-769
First Page: 757
Last Page: 769
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maksudur Rahman Asif & Muhammad Sher Mahmud (2018). Landslide Problem in Bangladesh: a review with Special focus on Chittagong Region. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 757-769. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1850587

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/294.pdf

 

About Author

Maksudur Rahman Asif, (Corresponding Author) Department of Soil Science, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh  

Muhammad Sher Mahmud, Department of Soil Science, University of Chittagong, Chittagong, Bangladesh

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1850587

Audit Expectation Gap – Evidence in 21st Century Author: Mohammed Moin Uddin Reza & Md. Rezaul Karim

Audit Expectation Gap – Evidence in 21st Century

Author: 

Mohammed Moin Uddin Reza & Md. Rezaul Karim

Abstract

Audit expectation gap has always been a captivating literature to study in the accounting and auditing philosophy. The first study on audit expectation gap was carried in 1974 and since then several literatures have been developing to identify the evidence of audit expectation gap in different responsibility centers of auditors proposing how to reduce the gap from different perspectives. As the scope of auditing is kind of defined by definitions, we tend to believe that the expectation gap must be reducing with the adoption of audit knowledge and practices over times which must be working from both the auditors’ and users of financial statements’ end. This paper aims to find out the evidence of audit expectation gap in the literatures concentrating majorly on the 21st century and summarizing the proposals made to reduce the existing expectation gap. Certain research gaps have been traced through the study of literatures which will create further avenues for the researchers of audit expectation gap to work on.

Key words: Audit, Expectation Gap, Audit Expectation Gap, AEG, Audit Literature.

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Title:

Audit Expectation Gap – Evidence in 21st Century

Author:

Mohammed Moin Uddin Reza & Md. Rezaul Karim

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1495568
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 24/11/2018
Date of Publication: 25/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/293.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 748-756
First Page: 748
Last Page: 756
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mohammed Moin Uddin Reza & Md. Rezaul Karim (2018). Audit Expectation Gap – Evidence in 21st Century. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 748-756. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1495568

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/293.pdf

 

 

About Author

Mohammed Moin Uddin Reza (Corresponding Author), Lecturer, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, Bangladesh University of Professionals, Bangladesh.

Md. Rezaul Karim, Lecturer, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1495568

The Role of Situational Leadership and Commitment to Employee Work Satisfaction Author:  Bob Foster

The Role of Situational Leadership and Commitment to Employee Work Satisfaction Author: Bob Foster

The Role of Situational Leadership and Commitment to Employee Work Satisfaction

Author: 

Bob Foster

Abstract

This research was carried out in one of the local government agencies in West Bandung Regency. The study was conducted for 6 (months). The population in the study are employees with a sample of respondents as many as 50 employees. The research method used is descriptive and verification methods. Based on the results of the study, Situational Leadership is in a pretty good category, Commitment in the category is quite good, Job Satisfaction is in a pretty good category and Employee Performance in the Public Government is in a pretty good category. Based on data processing, there is evidence that Situational Leadership and Employee Commitment have a significant effect on job satisfaction. This indicates that the existence of effective situational leadership and high commitment will give satisfaction to the employees. The practical application of this research is to improve the situational leadership and Commitment, providing the opportunities for the subordinates to conduct self-development is essential and giving the understanding by the leader.

Key words: Leadership, Situational Leadership, Commitment, Job Satisfaction, Employees

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Title:

The Role of Situational Leadership and Commitment to Employee Work Satisfaction

Author:

Bob Foster

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1702578
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 23/11/2018
Date of Publication: 30/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/292.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 738-747
First Page: 738
Last Page: 747
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Bob Foster (2018). The Role of Situational Leadership and Commitment to Employee Work Satisfaction. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 738-747. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1702578

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/292.pdf

 

About Author

Bob Foster, Universitas Informatika Dan Bisnis Indonesia, Bandung, 40614, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1702578

Packaging and Its Role on Consumers’ Perception at Point of Purchase in Kathmandu Valley Author: Rajeswor Neupane

Packaging and Its Role on Consumers’ Perception at Point of Purchase in Kathmandu Valley

Author: 

Rajeswor Neupane

Abstract

These days, there is a big variety of design packages on the supermarkets’ shelves. In the ever increasing competition of today’s global market, the designs need for effective product promotion is crucial. The product packaging has come to play a more important role as brand communication vehicle. By keeping the view of this reality, the research has been initiated with the objective to know the role of packaging by consumer during the purchase period in Kathmandu Valley. It is found that the major part of consumers’ attraction and color of package are the main visual elements whereas the product information is verbal elements while purchasing a product. Based on the research, equal relationship between consumers’ perception in product choice and image, color, information, design, font style is derived. However, a positive thinking and ever increasing trend about well-designed package shows the consumers’ inclination to high product quality.

. Key words: Consumer’s perception, Packaging, Point of purchase, Product

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Title:

Packaging and Its Role on Consumers’ Perception at Point of Purchase in Kathmandu Valley

Author:

Rajeswor Neupane

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/After_final_publication
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 21/11/2018
Date of Publication: 23/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/291.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 724-737
First Page: 724
Last Page: 739
Current Status: Accepted and waiting for payment

Cite This Article:

Rajeswor Neupane (2018). Packaging and Its Role on Consumers’ Perception at Point of Purchase in Kathmandu Valley, International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 725-737. doi: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/291.pdf

 

About Author

Rajeswor Neupane, Associate Professor, Tribhuvan University, Nepal Commerce Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/After_final_publication

Enhancing e-commerce to sustain economy in Malaysia: Short Review Authors: Zubaidi Faiesal Bin Mohamad Rafaai, Amir Hamzah Bin Abdul Rasib &  Mohd Shafinaz Bin Muhamad Zuki

Enhancing e-commerce to sustain economy in Malaysia: Short Review Authors: Zubaidi Faiesal Bin Mohamad Rafaai, Amir Hamzah Bin Abdul Rasib & Mohd Shafinaz Bin Muhamad Zuki

Enhancing e-commerce to sustain economy in Malaysia: Short Review

Authors: 

Zubaidi Faiesal Bin Mohamad Rafaai, Amir Hamzah Bin Abdul Rasib & Mohd Shafinaz Bin Muhamad Zuki

Abstract

In the past few years, the landscape of Malaysian economy has shifted towards e-commerce in the perspective of production, planning and control. This short review focus on the enhancement of e-commerce to sustain the economy. Among the things that are discussed are the government initiatives on developing e-commerce, how e-commerce is being adapted in Malaysia, and obstacles of setting up businesses online. Apart from that, this paper also reviews the potential of e-commerce, building trust, and ways to improve security and enhance customers’ satisfaction. Lastly, matters that are being reviewed in this paper are the challenges and advantages of Malaysia’s e-commerce. Through this review, it was found out that there is plenty of room for the e-commerce to be improved in the market at Malaysia. It is a high opportunity to all Malaysian to involve in this particular business since it gave lots of benefits as well boost up the business performance.

. Key words: e-commerce, obstacles, securities, e-satisfaction, challenges

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Title:

Enhancing e-commerce to sustain economy in Malaysia: Short Review

Author:

Zubaidi Faiesal Bin Mohamad Rafaai, Amir Hamzah Bin Abdul Rasib & Mohd Shafinaz Bin Muhamad Zuki

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1493057
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 18/11/2018
Date of Publication: 21/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/290.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 718-724
First Page: 718
Last Page: 724
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Zubaidi Faiesal Bin Mohamad Rafaai, Amir Hamzah Bin Abdul Rasib & Mohd Shafinaz Bin Muhamad Zuki. Enhancing e-commerce to sustain economy in Malaysia: Short Review, International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 718-724. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1493057

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/290.pdf

 

About Author

Zubaidi Faiesal Bin Mohamad Rafaai, (Corresponding Author) Mechanical Engineering     Department, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Amir Hamzah Bin Abdul Rasib, Manufacturing Engineering Technology Department, Universiti   Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia.

Mohd Shafinaz Bin Muhamad Zuki, Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1493057

Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District Authors: Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain

Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District

Authors: 

Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain

Abstract

In this paper, a linear Cobweb model is used to analyze the phenomenon of commodity price fluctuations of vegetables in some selected villages of Noakhali district. The fluctuation of vegetable prices is normal in the market economy. The level of the price and the fluctuation not only has a significant influence on farmers and consumers, but a reasonable and stable price also has an irreplaceable effect on the safe running of the vegetable market. The assumptions for the model are (i) vegetables have no equal substitutes; (ii) there is no foreign competition. The analysis found that the slope of the demand function of the price was smaller/larger than the slope of the supply function of the price which means that the price and quantity supplied of the fresh vegetables would oscillate/indicate around a fixed price and also spiral inward/outward.

. Key words: 

Vegetable Prices, Cobweb Model, Price Fluctuation, Market economy, Noakhali district

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Title:

Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District

Author:

Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1491286
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 15/11/2018
Date of Publication: 19/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/289.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 707-717
First Page: 707
Last Page: 717
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain (2018). Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 707-717. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1491286

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/289.pdf

 

About Author

Binata Rani Sen, (Corresponding Author) Department of Economics, Noakhali Science and              Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

Md. Maznur Rahman, Department of Economics, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

Mohammad Iqbal Hossain, Department of Economics, Noakhali Science and Technology      University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1491286

Early Detection of Mycoplasma Gallisepticum using PCR from Field Samples in Layer Chicken Authors: Mahfuja khatun, Md. Mostafizer Rahman, Md. Shahidur Rahman Khan, Md. Khaled Hossain & Mir Rawshan Akter

Early Detection of  Mycoplasma  Gallisepticum  using PCR from  Field  Samples  in Layer  Chicken

Authors: 

Mahfuja khatun, Md. Mostafizer Rahman, Md. Shahidur Rahman Khan, Md. Khaled Hossain & Mir Rawshan Akter

Abstract

Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) is an important avian pathogen which causes significant economic losses within layer poultry industry. To control of this economic losses, early and specific detection is necessary. A total of 48 (tracheal swabs, lungs and air sacs) samples were collected from different infected/suspected flocks causing respiratory distress. DNA was extracted and then, 16sRNA gene was amplified by PCR using species specific primers and identified 6 positive samples (12.5%). MG exhibited from tracheal swab, lung and air sac were 25, 6.25 and 6.25% respectively. Based on result, it is concluded that PCR using tracheal swab can be efficient for rapid screening and early detection of MG in layer chicken.

. Key words: Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Diagnosis, 16S rRNA, PCR, Chicken

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Title:

Early Detection of  Mycoplasma  Gallisepticum  using PCR from  Field  Samples  in Layer  Chicken

Author:

Mahfuja khatun, Md. Mostafizer Rahman, Md. Shahidur Rahman Khan, Md. Khaled Hossain & Mir Rawshan Akter

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1486075
Media: Print & Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 11/11/2018
Date of Publication: 13/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/288.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 699-706
First Page: 699
Last Page: 706
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mahfuja khatun, Md. Mostafizer Rahman, Md. Shahidur Rahman Khan,  Md. Khaled Hossain, & Mir Rawshan Akter (2018). Early Detection of  Mycoplasma  Gallisepticum  using PCR from  Field  Samples  in Layer  Chicken. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 699-706. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1486075

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/288.pdf

 

About Author

Mahfuja khatun, (Corresponding Author) Department of Livestock Services, Bangladesh.

Md. Mostafizer Rahman, Professor, Department of Microbiology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh science and Technology  University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Md. Shahidur Rahman Khan, Professor, Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

Md. Khaled Hossain, Professor, Department of Microbiology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh science and Technology University,  Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Mir Rawshan Akter, Professor, Department of Microbiology, Hajee Mohammad Danesh science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1486075

Employee Selection at HSBC Bank: A comparison between the UK and Bangladesh Author: Md Khaladun Nabi

Employee Selection at HSBC Bank: A comparison between the UK and Bangladesh

Authors: 

Md Khaladun Nabi

Abstract

The rapid growth of globalization of business has led to a rising need to “internationalize” human resource managers within the bank and organization. Many large multinational banks like HSBC now see the international management experience as a precondition for advancement to senior management positions. In the absence of effective selection method human resource and line managers continue to use a variety of imperfect methods to aid the task of predicting which applicant will be most successful in meeting the demands of the job and/ or are the best fit the work group and culture of the Bank and organization. This is the reason why effective and modern selection methods are very important for human resource department. This paper explains the picture of literature to the discussion of the selection process at HSBC Bank with an comparison between the United Kingdom and Bangladesh, and the impact of cultural variation in the selection procedure as well.

. Key words: Cultural variation, psychometric testing, selection procedure, E-recruiting, HSBC bank, assessment centre

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Title:

Employee Selection at HSBC Bank: A comparison between the UK and Bangladesh

Author:

Md Khaladun Nabi

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1483407
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 07/11/2018
Date of Publication: 12/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/287.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 677-698
First Page: 677
Last Page: 698
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Khaladun Nabi (2018). Employee Selection at HSBC Bank: A comparison between the UK and Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 677-698. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1483407

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/287.pdf

 

About Author

Md Khaladun Nabi, (Corresponding Author) Human resource and business manager, Faith Packaging Industries Ltd.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1483407

Evaluation of Credit Management of Uttara Bank Ltd-A case study from the customers’ point of view Authors: Ayrin Sultana, Jesmin Ara & Humaira Begum

Evaluation of Credit Management of Uttara Bank Ltd-A case study from the customers’ point of view

Authors: 

Ayrin Sultana, Jesmin Ara & Humaira Begum

Abstract

Banks play an important role in economic system of a country. The success of a bank depends largely on the efficient credit management. A successful credit management is not only need for a bank’s own performance but also it is needed for the smooth development of an economy. In any strategy of economic development, therefore, it is essential to emphasize the evaluation of a sound and well integrated credit management system from the view point of both resources mobilization and efficient allocation of funds. This is an exploratory study. Here discussed so far about the different aspects of credit management of Uttara Bank. From this aspect have selected Uttara bank. UBL plays an important role in the banking sector as well as in our economy.

. Key words: economic system, efficient, credit management, economic development, mobilization

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Title:

Evaluation of Credit Management of Uttara Bank Ltd-A case study from the customers’ point of view

Author:

Ayrin Sultana, Jesmin Ara & Humaira Begum

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1481692
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 05/11/2018
Date of Publication: 09/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/286.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 664-676
First Page: 664
Last Page: 676
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ayrin Sultana, Jesmin Ara & Humaira Begum (2018). Evaluation of Credit Management of Uttara Bank Ltd-A case study from the customers point of view. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 664-676. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1481692

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/286.pdf

 

About Author

Ayrin Sultana, (Corresponding Author) Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking,   Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Jesmin Ara, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh      Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Humaira Begum, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad         Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1481692

Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria Authors: Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph

Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria

Author: 

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph

Abstract

Maritime policies like general transport policies over the years have remained a veritable tool for planning the development of the maritime transport sub-sector in Nigeria and other nations. Experience in most developing African countries has shown that African nations are not lacking in the development of well thought-out policy blue prints for the development of her maritime sectors; they  rather have poor policy implementation strategies as past records have shown; thus culminating into the failure and total abandonment of well thought-out maritime development policy plans. An example is the UNCTAD 40-40-20 policy which has helped similar maritime nations as Nigeria to develop adequate capacities in carriage of their seaborne trade and fleet size but has failed to achieve the same feet in Nigeria. The study was thus carried out to assess the implementation outcomes of the defunct UNCTAD 40-40-20 policy in Nigeria, in comparison with the outcomes of the current cabotage policy being implemented by the Nigeria maritime Administration and safety Agency.  The historical research design method was used and secondary data were collected and used for the study. The data collected were analyzed using the difference of means model, independent sample t-test and trend analysis. It result showed a decreasing trend in fleet ownership by Nigeria in both UNCTAD 40-40-20 era and cabotage era. The comparative analysis between the indigenous tonnages in the cabotage and UNCTAD 40-40-20 regimes revealed that the mean tonnages of the indigenous ship owners per annum in the cabotage and UNCTAD 40-40-20 regimes are 229477.2145tons and 279286.3636 respectively over the 11 years period covered in the study. There exists a difference in means of -49809.14909 in favour of the indigenous tonnage in the UNCTAD 40-40-20 regime.  These imply similar implementation outcomes in both policies.  It was recommended that improvement should be made in the implementation of the current cabotage regime to save it from similar failure like the UNCTAD 40-40-20 regime.

.

 Key words: UNCTAD 40-40-20, cabotage, implementation, outcomes, Nigeria.

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Title:

Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria

Author:

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1493045
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 04/11/2018
Date of Publication: 21/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/285.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 653-662
First Page: 653
Last Page: 662
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph (2018). Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 653-663. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1493045

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/285.pdf

 

About Author

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., (Corresponding Author) Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri,  Nigeria

Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Ufia Friday, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Adaka Joseph, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1493045