The Relationship between International and National Courts in Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective Afroza Perveen

The Relationship between International and National Courts in   Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective

Author (s): 

Afroza Perveen

Abstract

For protection of human rights and deter the future crimes, criminal prosecution is only the one way. In this perspective, the establishment of the International Criminal Court is a great achievement in the field of international criminal law. However, the perception of the international scholars, the relationship between international criminal court and the national court is ambiguous. Complementarity nature of the ICC is considered as an enemy of state sovereignty in the eye of international criminal lawyers. Although the principle of complementarity put some challenges to state sovereignty, its supervisory element strengthen the implementation and empower international criminal law at national level where state sovereignty remains unaffected. This paper focuses some broader reflection on how the ICC, through its complementarity principle, is maintaining the relationship with national court and continuing its proceedings with the help of the national courts around the world. It will be agreed upon soon that, Complementarity principle not only helps states to uphold their common interest, but also prevent them from abusing their sovereignty and ensures individual and united security.

Key words: international criminal court, national court, complementarity, sovereignty, international criminal law.

Download PDF

Title:

The Relationship between International and National Courts in   Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective

Author:

Afroza Perveen

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654556
Media:  Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 28/04/2019
Date of Publication: 30/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/314.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 136-155
First Page: 136
Last Page: 155
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Perveen,  A. (2019). The Relationship between International and National Courts in   Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 136-155. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654556

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/314.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Afroza Perveen, Lecturer, port city international university, chattogram, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654556

Women Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh: Influential Factors of Women Participation in SMEs sector Sheikh Mohammed Imran & Md. Mosharraf Hossain

Women Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh: Influential Factors of Women Participation in SMEs sector

Author (s): 

Sheikh Mohammed Imran & Md. Mosharraf Hossain

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is the dynamic process of generating, planning and building something original with value by bestowing the essential moment in time and attempt, assuming the associated psychical, output, innovation and employment, social risks, fiscal and getting the resulting rewards of commercial and personal satisfaction and freedom. The paper has been undertaken with an objective to examine the women entrepreneurship in Bangladesh: influential factors of women participation in SMEs area. Several factors are forceful tool to influence women participation in SMEs area. The paper examines financial, technological, psychological, hard work, business plan, knowledge & skills, family, socio-cultural, security, training programs, administrative, taxation, regulatory, geographical, political condition that affect women participation in SMEs area. The data is collected from 270 women entrepreneur by survey method through a structured questionnaire with five-point Likert scales & multiple items. Convenience sampling technique is applied. Data are analyzed using frequency analysis, factors analysis, and regression analysis. Thus, the factor analysis may be considered an approximate technique for analyzing the data. Using varimax rotation, reducing the 15 variables, the study has acquired 5 uncorrelated factors having Eigen value greater than 1. Those factors like training programs factors, financial factors, technological factors, knowledge & skills factors, family factors. From the outcomes of regression analysis, the research is found that training programs factors, financial factors, technological factors, and family factors as the vigorous features, which effect on women participation in SMEs area. The consequences of this study may be used by government and non-government area, rural development academy, policymakers and even investigators to stimulate women participation in SMEs area in Bangladesh.

Key words: entrepreneurship, women participation, SMEs area, influential factors, Bangladesh

Download PDF

Title:

Women Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh: Influential Factors of Women Participation in SMEs sector

Author:

Sheikh Mohammed Imran & Md. Mosharraf Hossain

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2652989
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 27/04/2019
Date of Publication: 28/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/355.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 151-161
First Page: 151
Last Page: 161
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Imran, S. M. & Hossain, M. M. (2019). Women Entrepreneurship in Bangladesh: Influential Factors of Women Participation in SMEs area. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 151-161. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2652989

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/355.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sheikh Mohammed Imran (Corresponding Author), Lecturer, Department of Business      Administration, Port City International University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

Md. Mosharraf Hossain, Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, Port City International University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

 

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2652989

Gender Impact on Execution of Business Strategy for Effective Economic Performance in Nigeria Titilola I. Egbuwe & Barisua F. Nwinee

Gender Impact on Execution of Business Strategy for Effective Economic Performance in Nigeria

Author (s): 

Titilola I. Egbuwe &  Barisua F. Nwinee

Abstract

This paper explores the differences adduced in literature between the females and the males’ sexes regarding their aptitudes in executing impactful business strategies to effectively advance economic performance in Nigeria. Extant literature produced significant gender variant strategies regarding policies execution in meeting with organizational objectives. However, this was reviewed to validate the proposition that performance is not limited to gender but an integration of some identified five taxonomies implicit in strategy execution; the dimensions of rules, emotions, initiatives, immediate action and integrity. We further explored the frontiers of gender management by examining specific factors of various dimensions of strategy execution in the context of whether or not gender has an impact on economic performance. Remarkably, attempts were made to obviate the inclination on gender as inappropriate in determining performance to organizational practices. Literature indicated that both women and men seemed individually inspired by a blend of push and pull factors. This study proves its contribution by stating that despite the empirical evidences in male-female differences in problem-solving abilities, analytical skills, competitive drive, enthusiasm, civility, or learning abilities. An integration of a proportionate gender synthesis will function more effectively in the execution of a business stratagem. The modern society thinking is therefore eroding on the earlier boundaries set between life style and achievement of both sexes.

Key words: Gender, Execution, Strategy, Taxonomies, Performance.

Download PDF

Title:

Gender Impact on Execution of Business Strategy for Effective Economic Performance in Nigeria

Author:

Titilola I. Egbuwe &  Barisua F. Nwinee

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651083
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 24/04/2019
Date of Publication: 25/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/354.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 141-150
First Page: 141
Last Page: 150
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Titilola I. Egbuwe &  Barisua F. Nwinee (2019). Gender Impact on Execution of Business Strategy for Effective Economic Performance in Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 141-150. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651083

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/354.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Engr. Titilola I.Egbuwe (Corresponding Author), Department of Management, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Prof. Barisua F. Nwinee, Dean, Faculty of Management Science, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

 

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651083

Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh Afzal Hossain, Meher Neger & Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury

Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh

Author (s): 

Afzal Hossain, Meher Neger & Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury

Abstract

Eco-friendly products are becoming market leader day by day. As a result, it is raising the demand for the eco-friendly products around the world. Green consumption is the buying and non-buying decisions completed by consumers based minimum partly on ecological criteria. Green marketing integrates a wide range of activities, including product alteration, production process variations, packaging variations, price alterations as well as altering the promotional theme. The paper aims to analyze the impact of social media, promotional efforts and reference groups on consumers buying behavior of eco-friendly products in Bangladesh. The study adopts the quantitative analysis of those three aspects that may impact on consumers’ buying behavior. By using convenient and judgmental sampling method, the data has been collected from 200 respondents. Data are analyzed using frequency, mean, standard deviation, correlation analysis, and regression analysis. From the results of regression analysis, this study is discovered that all three such as social media, promotional efforts and reference groups as the vital aspects, which influence consumers buying behavior of eco-friendly products. The study can help greening development along with influential aspects of the consumers buying behavior. The paper deals genuine way and pertinent recommendations to the greening firms. Eco-friendly products producing firms will be promoted finding three aspects of consumers buying behavior.

Key words: eco-friendly products, buying behavior, impact of aspects, Bangladesh.

Download PDF

Title:

Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh

Author:

Afzal Hossain, Meher Neger & Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651055
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 23/04/2019
Date of Publication: 25/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/313.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 126-135
First Page: 126
Last Page: 135
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hossain, A., Neger, M.  & Chowdhury, M. H. K. (2019). Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 126-135. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651055

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/313.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Afzal Hossain (Corresponding Author), Lecturer, Department of Business Administration (Professional), Tejgaon College, Bangladesh.

Meher Neger, Associate Professor, Department of Marketing, Cumilla University, Bangladesh.

Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury, Professor, Department of Marketing, Jagannath University, Bangladesh.

 

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651055

To Buy Online or Not? An Analysis of Online Consumer Decision Making Tracy Wangechi Maina & Jackson Ndolo

To Buy Online or Not? An Analysis of Online Consumer Decision Making

Author (s): 

Tracy Wangechi Maina & Jackson Ndolo

Abstract

Online shopping has become a major trend in the 21st Century. In order for a business to achieve success in this line of sales, it is highly important to know the customer’s requirements and provide the suitable offers in the appropriate time. The innovation of online shopping is encouraged by consumers as well as retailers. In view of that, understanding the behaviors of consumers in relation to decision making becomes a critical issue for retailers. There are various aspects that are unique with regards to online purchases and decision-making. They include price sensitivity and brand choice. In addition to that, it is worth noting that a number of motivation aspects, including situational elements, product features, and the experience of former e-shopping can affect the attitudes of customers to buy online. Notably, in the past decade, a drastic change in consumer purchasing behavior can be observed as shopping patterns have been altered. Despite the fact that individuals continue to buy from a physical store, others perceive online shopping as a very convenient method. This is because purchasing through the internet frees significant time that a customer can use to personally visit a shop. Moreover, online shopping has certain benefits including saving time and effort in making decisions and purchasing items. People can make search a variety of options at the comfort of their homes and compare prices easily in a bid to arrive at a preferred decision. This study is an empirical paper that reviews various available online literature to analyze the decision to purchase online or not.

Key words: Online, Decision Making, Traditional, In-store, Shopping, Consumer.

Download PDF

Title:

To Buy Online or Not? An Analysis of Online Consumer Decision Making

Author:

Tracy Wangechi Maina & Jackson Ndolo

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654400
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 22/04/2019
Date of Publication: 30/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/353.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 135-140
First Page: 135
Last Page: 140
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maina, T. W. & Ndolo, J. (2019). To Buy Online or Not? An Analysis of Online Consumer Decision Making. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 135-140. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654400

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/353.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tracy Wangechi Maina, (Corresponding Author) PhD Student, Mount Kenya University,Thika, Kenya.

Jackson Ndolo, Lecturer, School of Business & Economics, Mount Kenya University, Thika, Kenya.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654400

Analysis of Property Value at Bank Sumut Binjai Branch, North Sumatra, Indonesia Muhammad Imanurrahman, Sukaria Sinulingga & Dwira Nirfalini Aulia

Analysis of Property Value at Bank Sumut Binjai Branch, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Author (s): 

Muhammad Imanurrahman, Sukaria Sinulingga & Dwira Nirfalini Aulia

Abstract

The property value such as land and buildings as collateral have different values due to the location, land and buildings and other things. The high Non-Performing Loan (NPL) at Bank Sumut, sub-branch of Pasar Tavip Binjai is due to the inaccuracies of credit analysts in assessing collateral. Method of analysis in this research is using Multiple Linear Regression method. The result of this research shows that land area, building area, the width of road and land law have positively and significantly influenced the value of collateral located at PT Bank Sumut, Binjai Branch. in determining the value of land and buildings that are used as collateral by prospective debtors or which will be re-valued so as to protect the bank from giving collateral harms the bank itself. For assessors can use a linear regression model generated in this study to be used as a reference in assessing the value of land and buildings as collateral. For further research, either those who will conduct research on the same type of research population or others, it is recommended that other variables be used that can affect the value of collateral as collateral or the same variable but at different research sites.

Key words: Value, Character, Capital, Capacity, Collateral, Condition of Economic, Bank.

Download PDF

Title:

Analysis of Property Value at Bank Sumut Binjai Branch, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Author:

Muhammad Imanurrahman, Sukaria Sinulingga & Dwira Nirfalini Aulia

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649248
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 22/04/2019
Date of Publication: 23/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/352.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 124-134
First Page: 124
Last Page: 134
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Imanurrahman, M., Sinulingga, S. & Aulia, D. N. (2019). Analysis of Property Value at Bank Sumut Binjai Branch, North Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 124-134. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649248

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/352.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Imanurrahman, (Corresponding Author) Postgraduate Program, Magister Management of Property and Valuation,  Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia.

Sukaria Sinulingga, Lecturer, Postgraduate Program, Magister Management,  Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia.

Dwira Nirfalini Aulia, Lecturer, Postgraduate Program, Magister Management, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649248

Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi Md. Mosharraf Hossain & Sheikh Mohammed Imran

Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi

Author (s): 

Md. Mosharraf Hossain & Sheikh Mohammed Imran

Abstract

Bangladesh is one of the developing countries in the world. Overwhelming property, unemployment, illiteracy, abundant unskilled cheap labor force etc. are the common features of Bangladesh. In this connection Khadi product plays an important role to overcoming the problems by exporting. If the producers fulfill the objectives of Khadi to meet the customer satisfaction by creating new and modern product of Khadi, it can be a leading organization in terms of cottage industry. Many times it is said that cottage industries are inevitable backward and lagging part of the economy.  But economic analysis and practical experience in many countries show that the cottage industries have displayed remarkable persistence and have contributed significantly to the economic development of the country. The commonly perceived merits often emphasized for further promotion especially in the developing country like Bangladesh include their relatively high labor intensity, dependence on indigenous skills and technology contribution entrepreneurship development and innovations of growth of industrial linkage. The case for fostering cottage industry growth in Bangladesh is irrefutable as these industries offer bright prospects for creating large scale employment and income earning opportunity at relatively low cost for unemployment especially rural areas strengthens the efforts towards achieving high and sustainable economic growth.

Key words: Cottage industry, Khadi, Employment, Labor Intensity, Industrial Linkage, Entrepreneur.

 

Download PDF

Title:

Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi

Author:

Md. Mosharraf Hossain & Sheikh Mohammed Imran

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649311
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 20/04/2019
Date of Publication: 23/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/312.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-125
First Page: 118
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Hossain, M. M. & Imran, S. M. (2019). Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 118-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649311

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/312.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Mosharraf Hossain, (Corresponding Author) Department of Business Administration, Port City International University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

 Sheikh Mohammed Imran, Department of Business Administration, Port City International University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649311

Simulation using VBA in Microsoft Excel to Enhance Pre-service Physics Teachers’ Motivation Riki Perdana, Avid Wahyu, & Heru Kuswanto

Simulation using VBA in Microsoft Excel to Enhance Pre-service Physics Teachers’ Motivation

Author (s): 

Riki Perdana, Avid Wahyu, & Heru Kuswanto

Abstract

There are many difficult topics to teach directly in physics learning. Some concepts are abstract or difficult to show one by one. Not a few studies that use applications or media that serves to help the learning process. However, most of the media is offered use some of the most complex and complicated new apps. Even sometimes it’s make difficult for teachers. To overcome this, this study offers learning media using spreadsheets that simple and easy. Topics in this study is simple harmonic motion in physics lessons. The method is used VBA in Microsoft Excel. Sample of this research were 86 student on pre service students from Tanjungpura University. They were given a task to make this simulation and interviewed as randomly to know their motivation on physics learning. As the result, we created a studying media to simulate harmonic wave motion that can be varied according to the needs of teachers during the learning process. Their motivation also increase to learn more about physics simulation. The practical application of this paper is helping teacher to teach physics more effective especially in visualizing of simple harmonic motion. This article also adds intellectual property to easy and effective simulation-based learning.

Key words: Physics Teacher’s Motivation, Simulation, Microsoft excel, Physics.

Download PDF

Title:

Simulation using VBA in Microsoft Excel to Enhance Pre-service Physics Teachers’ Motivation

Author:

Riki Perdana, Avid Wahyu, & Heru Kuswanto

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649953
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 19/04/2019
Date of Publication: 24/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/351.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 114-123
First Page: 114
Last Page: 123
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Perdana, R., Wahyu, A. and Kuswanto, H. (2019). Simulation using VBA in Microsoft Excel to Enhance Pre-service Physics Teachers’ Motivation. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 114-123. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649953

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/351.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Riki Perdana, (Corresponding Author) Graduate School Program, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Avid Wahyu, Graduate School Program, Yogyakarta State University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Heru Kuswanto, Graduate School Program, Yogyakarta State University, Yogykarta, Indonesia.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649953

 

 

Environment Protection Strategies and Climate Change Adaption for Sustainable Development: An Overview of Bangladesh Tanjia Binte Zafar, Wenguang Ding, Ghulam Murtaza Khan, Li He & Chen Hao

Environment Protection Strategies and Climate Change Adaption for Sustainable Development: An Overview of Bangladesh

Author (s): 

Tanjia Binte Zafar, Wenguang Ding, Ghulam Murtaza Khan, Li He & Chen Hao

Abstract

Sustainable development can be achieved by developing the surrounding environment and by adapting climate change. This paper aims to explain the environmental protection and climate change adaption strategies taken by the Government of Bangladesh and the Bangladeshi nationalities in a different context to attain sustainable development.  This paper based on empirical and theoretical data sources. Bangladesh significantly keeps on the good sign to achieve sustainable development by banning three-wheeler from controlling air pollution and by banning non-degradable polythene bags. If Bangladesh can overcome the challenges by implementing environment protection strategies the day is not so far when Bangladesh will be a developed country by becoming a role model for other developing countries.

Key words: Sustainable Development, Bangladesh, Environment Protection Strategies, Climate Change Adaption.

Download PDF

Title:

Environment Protection Strategies and Climate Change Adaption for Sustainable Development: An Overview of Bangladesh

Author:

Tanjia Binte Zafar, Wenguang Ding, Ghulam Murtaza Khan, Li He & Chen Hao

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2650104
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 19/04/2019
Date of Publication: 24/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/350.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 107-113
First Page: 107
Last Page: 113
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Zafar, T. B., Ding, W., Khan, G.M., He, L. and Hao. C. (2019). Environment Protection Strategies and Climate Change Adaption for Sustainable Development: An Overview of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 107-113. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2650104

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/350.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tanjia Binte Zafar, Department of Environmental Science, School of Earth Environment Science, Lanzhou University, China.

Wenguang Ding (corresponding author), MOE Key Laboratory of Western China’s Environmental Systems, Lanzhou University, China.

Ghulam Murtaza Khan, School of Information Science and Engineering, Lanzhou University, China

Li He, School of Earth and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, China.

Chen Hao, School of Earth and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, China.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2650104

The Impact of FOCAC on African countries Trade Flows Elias Ellias Tsokalida & Yang Jun

The Impact of FOCAC on African countries Trade Flows

Author (s): 

Elias Ellias Tsokalida & Yang Jun

Abstract

One of the fundamental questions in international trade literature is whether “with whom countries conduct their trade with” matters for their respective trade flows. This paper examined the impact of trading with China on African countries’ trade flows. We proxy Africa-China partnership using membership in Forum for China – Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) framework. We also examined whether one country membership in FOCAC has trade creating advantages on its trade flows and whether two countries’ membership in FOCAC has trade creating advantages as well. Our study period is from 1990 to 2018 using a sample of 150 countries. We estimated our framework using panel data fixed effects methodology. We found that FOCAC has positive and significant impacts on both exports and imports in African countries. We found trade diversion effects of either one or both countries membership in FOCAC for our imports equation. For our export equation, we found that one country membership in FOCAC has trade creation impacts while two countries being members of FOCAC has trade diversion impacts. We conducted our robust estimation using Pseudo Poisson maximum likelihood estimation and found comparable results for our study.  These findings may enable authorities in Africa, China and beyond to strategize on how their countries should position themselves in terms of industry structure to maximize their benefits as well as sensitizing both their producers and consumers on how they can take advantage of trade preferences offered.

Key words: FOCAC, strategic partners, Africa, gravity, exports, imports, trade flows.

Download PDF

Title:

The Impact of FOCAC on African countries Trade Flows

Author:

Elias Ellias Tsokalida & Yang Jun

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2647400
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 18/04/2019
Date of Publication: 19/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/349.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 99-106
First Page: 99
Last Page: 106
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Tsokalida, E. E. & Jun, Y (2019). The Impact of FOCAC on African countries Trade Flows. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 99-106. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2647400

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/349.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Elias Ellias Tsokalida (corresponding author), PhD Candidate, University of International Business & Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Yang Jun, Professor, School of International Trade and Economics (SITE), UIBE, Beijing, China

 

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2647400

Potential Health Risk of Indoor air Pollution on Human Health in Residential Houses of Chittagong city, Bangladesh Sohana Yeasmin Metu & Ibrahim Khan

Potential Health Risk of Indoor air Pollution on Human Health in Residential Houses of Chittagong city, Bangladesh

Author (s): 

Sohana Yeasmin Metu & Ibrahim Khan

Abstract

Indoor air pollution has become one of the biggest threats to human in recent years. Study by EPA on human exposure to pollutants indicates that indoor levels of pollutants could be 2 to 5 times higher than outdoor pollutant levels.  The objective of this study is to find out indoor air pollution sources and pollutants in the residential houses of Chittagong city and their impacts on the inhabitant’s health. Surveys were conducted on 30 different residential houses which include apartment houses, tin shade houses and slum houses. The possible health hazards associated with the pollutants were identified using books, journals, and literatures. The study suggests exposure to indoor air pollutants such as asbestos, VOCs, carbon monoxide, NOx, SOx, Particulate matter, mold, virus, bacteria and many more. The health hazards due to these indoor air pollutants may range from less severe headache to severe disease cancer. Alternatives to reduce the exposure to  these harmful indoor pollutant sources could be using environmental friendly products for housing, lessening use of chemicals, using improved kitchen stoves, introducing hygiene, planting indoor plants and ensuring proper ventilation. Hence, illustrating the condition of indoor air quality of the residential houses in Chittagong city, the paper would serve understanding of the issue and would help to reduce exposure and health risk.

Key words: :

Download PDF (Now Inactive)

Title:

Potential Health Risk of Indoor air Pollution on Human Health in Residential Houses of Chittagong city, Bangladesh

Author:

Sohana Yeasmin Metu & Ibrahim Khan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 16/04/2019
Date of Publication: xx/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/348.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 84-98
First Page: 84
Last Page: 98
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Metu, S. Y. & Khan, I. (2019). Potential Health Risk of Indoor air Pollution on Human Health in Residential Houses of Chittagong city, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 84-98. doi: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/348.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sohana Yeasmin Metu  (corresponding author), Asian University for Women, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Dr. Edwinah Amah, Associate Professor, Environmental Sciences, Asian University for Women.

 

 

Download PDF (Now inactive)

DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Planned change and organizational effectiveness, the moderating role of organizational culture Paschal Onugha & Edwinah Amah

Planned change and organizational effectiveness, the moderating role of organizational culture

Author (s): 

Paschal Onugha &  Edwinah Amah

Abstract

The study investigated the role of organizational culture in moderating the relationship between planned change and organizational effectiveness. We measured organizational effectiveness using resilience and corporate growth. The study adopted the cross sectional method which is a form of the quasi experiment research design. A population of 1651 was drawn from 33 selected indigenous maritime companies operating in Nigeria. The Krejcie and Morgan (1970) table was used to arrive at a sample size of 327. The questionnaire was used as the main instrument for collection of data and it was designed using the 5 point Likert scale. Pearson moment correlation was used to test the hypotheses while step wise regression model was used to test the moderating effect of organizational culture on the relationship between planned change and organizational effectiveness. Our findings revealed a significant and positive relationship between planned change and organizational effectiveness, measured by resilience and corporate growth. The study however revealed a negative relationship between organizational culture in moderating the relationship between planned change and organizational effectiveness. We concluded that when changes are well planned and communicated to members of the organization, and the importance of the change made visible, resistance to change is completely eliminated or reduced to the barest minimum. We recommended Maritime organizations need to conduct a cultural audit with a view to cultivating those values and cultural dimensions that engender and reward change readiness and goal achievement, We strongly recommend that organizations build a system that integrates change, considering how important these changes could be to the achievement of organizational goals. Where change is recurrent, adjustment to environmental changes will be inevitable for organizations to achieve their goals.

Key words: : planned change, organizational effectiveness, resilience, corporate growth and organizational culture.

Download PDF (Now Inactive)

Title:

Planned change and organizational effectiveness, the moderating role of organizational culture

Author:

Paschal Onugha &  Edwinah Amah

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 14/04/2019
Date of Publication: xx/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/347.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 68-83
First Page: 68
Last Page: 83
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Paschal Onugha &  Edwinah Amah (2019). Planned change and organizational effectiveness, the moderating role of organizational culture. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 68-83. doi: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/347.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Paschal Onugha  (corresponding author), Department of Management, University of Port Harcourt

Dr. Edwinah Amah, Department of Management, University of Port Harcourt.

 

 

Download PDF (Now inactive)

DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Change management and organizational effectiveness in Nigeria Maritime Industry Paschal Onugha and B. Chima Onuoha

Change management and organizational effectiveness in Nigeria Maritime Industry

Author (s): 

Paschal Onugha   and B. Chima Onuoha

Abstract

The study investigated the relationship between change management and organizational effectiveness in the Nigerian maritime industry. The study used emergent change as a dimension for change management while organizational effectiveness was measured using corporate growth and employee commitment. The study adopted the cross sectional survey method, which is a form of the quasi experimental research design. A population element of 1651 was drawn from the 33 selected indigenous maritime companies in Nigeria. The Krejcie and Morgan (1970) table was used to arrive at a sample size of 327. The questionnaire was mainly used as instrument for data collection. The pearson moment correlation was used to test our hypotheses. The findings revealed that there exist a positive and significant relationship between emergent change and organizational effectiveness measured with employee commitment and corporate growth. We concluded that organizations with absorbtive capacities could turn changes into their favour if the system is built to withstand emergent environmental dynamism. We recommended that organizations should invest more in self building and self sustainability as a caution for these disruptive change which in some cases work to the advantage of the organization that exploits it.

Key words: : Change management, organizational effectiveness, emergent change, corporate growth and employee commitment.

Download PDF (Now Inactive)

Title:

Change management and organizational effectiveness in Nigeria Maritime Industry

Author:

Paschal Onugha   and B. Chima Onuoha

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 14/04/2019
Date of Publication: xx/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/346.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 52-67
First Page: 52
Last Page: 67
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Paschal Onugha   and B. Chima Onuoha (2019). Change management and organizational effectiveness in Nigeria Maritime Industry. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 52-67. doi: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/346.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Paschal Onugha  (corresponding author), Department of Management, University of Port Harcourt

Prof. B. Chima Onuoha, Department of Management, University of Port Harcourt

 

 

Download PDF (Now inactive)

DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

The Impact of Demographic Factors on Household Expenditures in Education and Health facilities Robby Timothy Warioba and He Xiaodan

The Impact of Demographic Factors on Household Expenditures in Education and Health facilities

Author (s): 

Robby Timothy Warioba and He Xiaodan

Abstract

In consideration of significant roles played by consumption patterns in understanding the household living standards and indicating the person’s welfare and well-being, this study provides an up to date verification of the impact of demographic factors on consumers’ expenditure patterns in education and health in Tanzania.  Using cross section data from the 2011-2012 household budget survey, the study empirically analyzed this impact. Three considered demographic factors were found to have a significant positive impact on households spending patterns on education and health services. The findings of this study will increase the economic actors’ understanding of the factors determining expenditure patterns and use them to evaluate the consumption and welfare of the population in Tanzania.

Key words: Consumer expenditure, Demographic factors, Cross section data, Health, Education.

Download PDF

Title:

The Impact of Demographic Factors on Household Expenditures in Education and Health facilities

Author:

Uzma Rasool Khan, Fatima Subzwari, Misbah Akhter, Samia Majeed & Sundus Ashraf

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2640155
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 13/04/2019
Date of Publication: xx/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/345.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 41-51
First Page: 41
Last Page: 51
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Warioba, R. T  and Xiaodan, H. (2019). The Impact of Demographic Factors on Household Expenditures in Education and Health facilities. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 41-51. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2640155

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/345.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Robby T. Warioba,  (corresponding author), Assistant Lecturer, St. Augustine University of Tanzania & PhD student, Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing China

Dr. He Xiaodan, Lecturer, Capital University of Economics and Business (CUEB), Beijing, China.

 

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2640155

Impact of Exchange rate volatility on Global Value Chains Participation Evidence from panel African countries Gilhaimé MOUANDA-MOUANDA

Impact of Exchange rate volatility on Global Value Chains Participation

Evidence from panel African countries

Author (s): 

Gilhaimé MOUANDA-MOUANDA

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of exchange rate volatility on global value chain participation within a panel of 25 African countries. The main result reveals that there is an adverse effect. When exchange rate volatility interacts with activities in upstreamness, we notice that the impact on GVC participation is significantly positive unlike the association between exchange rate fluctuation and sectors in downstreamness. The paper sheds some light on the role played by the currency union to promote trade in value-added. It is clearly shown that African countries which are non-members of a currency union have better performance in global value chain participation. These findings may enable, on the one hand, authorities in charge of monetary policy to implement strategies of mitigating this harmful impact on trade in value-added. On the other hand, it is worthwhile to in-depth the understanding of factors likely to distort trade performance within States members of a currency union particularly in the context of cross-border production-sharing activities.

Key words: exchange rate volatility; global value chains; currency union; African countries.

 

Download PDF

Title:

Impact of Exchange rate volatility on Global Value Chains Participation Evidence from panel African countries

Author:

Gilhaimé MOUANDA-MOUANDA

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2631647
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2019
Date of Publication: 07/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/344.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 29-40
First Page: 29
Last Page: 40
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

MOUANDA-MOUANDA, G. (2019). Impact of Exchange rate volatility on Global Value Chains Participation Evidence from panel African countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 29-40. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2631647

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/344.pdf

 

About Author

Gilhaimé MOUANDA-MOUANDA, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) , Beijing, China.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2631647

Antibacterial Effects of Quercus infectoria on Bacteria Isolated from Urinary Tract Infection Patients Mohamed Elshafei Eltayeb Habiballa

Antibacterial Effects of Quercus infectoria on Bacteria Isolated from Urinary Tract Infection Patients

Author (s): 

Mohamed Elshafei Eltayeb Habiballa

Abstract

A number of bacteria have now become antibiotic-resistant. This increases the importance of UTI drugs. We report, here, the activity of ethanol extract, of Quercus infectoria galls against UTI pathogens . antibacterial activity of ethanolic extract. Quercus infectoria from Sudan market was macerated with ethanol 85 %, fractionated by colum chromatography using benzene ethyl acetate, ethanol, and 70% ethanol. Phytochemical analysis of the extracts revealed the presence of antimicrobial active agents such as Alkaloids, Phenols ,Glycosides, Flavonoids, Saponins, and Tannins and then were subjected to chemical compound analysis Phytochemical screening, total phenolic content, total flavonoids content, and total tannins content were obtained. Eschericia coli shown resistance to Ciprofloxacin except Gentamicin and Proteus mirabilis shown resistance Trimethoprim while Staphylococcus aureus, Eschericia coli , Proteus mirabilis, Bacillus subtilis shown sensitivity to the crude extract and all the fractions except for concentrations of serial dilution, Eschericia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus mirabilis, Bacillus subtilis the results were exhibited a high activity (MIZD) against Proteus mirabilis (19 mm) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (20 mm )have shown highly sensitivity the Quercus infectoria extract while Eschericia coli have shown moderate sensitivity ( 17 mm) Staphylococcus aureus (12mm) shown low

Key words: Quercus infectoria, Urinary tract infections, pathogenic bacteria, Natural agents, traditional medicine.

Download PDF (Now Inactive)

Title:

Antibacterial Effects of Quercus infectoria on Bacteria Isolated from Urinary Tract Infection Patients

Author:

Mohamed Elshafei Eltayeb Habiballa

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2019
Date of Publication: xx/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/343.pdf
Free download: Available
Page:
First Page:
Last Page:
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Habiballa, M. E. E. (2019 Antibacterial Effects of Quercus infectoria on Bacteria Isolated from Urinary Tract Infection Patients. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 17-28. doi: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/343.pdf

 

About Author (s)

 

 

Download PDF (Now inactive)

DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Educational System with Undesirable Result Uzma Rasool Khan, Fatima Subzwari, Misbah Akhter, Samia Majeed & Sundus Ashraf

Educational System with Undesirable Result Uzma Rasool Khan, Fatima Subzwari, Misbah Akhter, Samia Majeed & Sundus Ashraf

Educational System with Undesirable Result

Author (s): 

Uzma Rasool Khan, Fatima Subzwari, Misbah Akhter, Samia Majeed & Sundus Ashraf

Abstract

Education has considered the robust weapon that provides a power to his learner that can transform the world dramatically. Pakistan is among those nations, which are experiencing numerous issues of education. Numerous flaws are hindering educational growth in the country. Here in this study we are trying to identify the key issues and problems within the educational system. According to the data obtained through floated questionnaire, we have proposed achievable solutions & strategies to various problems for the enhancement of quality education, which can be achieved through the implementation of quality management in all areas.

Key words: Quality, Education, Private Sector, Parental Views, Government role.

Download PDF (Now Inactive)

Title:

Educational System with Undesirable Result

Author:

Uzma Rasool Khan, Fatima Subzwari, Misbah Akhter, Samia Majeed & Sundus Ashraf

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication
Media: Online and print
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2019
Date of Publication: xx/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/342.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 17-28
First Page: 17
Last Page: 28
Paper Type: Case study
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Khan, U. R., Subzwari, F., Akhter, M., Majeed, S. & Ashraf, S.  (2019). Educational System with Undesirable Result. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 17-28. doi: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/342.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Uzma Rasool Khan, Assistant Professor,Department of Business Administration, Jinnah University for Women Karachi, Pakistan.

Fatima Subzwari, (Corresponding Author),  MBA, Department of Business Administration, Jinnah University for Women Karachi, Pakistan.

Misbah Akhter, MBA, Department of Business Administration, Jinnah University for Women Karachi, Pakistan.

Samia Majeed, MBA, Department of Business Administration, Jinnah University for Women Karachi, Pakistan.

Sundus Ashraf, MBA, Department of Business Administration, Jinnah University for Women Karachi, Pakistan.

 

 

Download PDF (Now inactive)

DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

A comparative Analysis on Wage Rate & Living Standard of Workers between Ventura Leatherware Mfy (BD) Ltd. & Mazen (BD) Industries Ltd Shaikh Mostak Ahammad, Badrun Nahar & Sha. A. Ahammed Khan

A comparative Analysis on Wage Rate & Living Standard of Workers between Ventura Leatherware Mfy (BD) Ltd. & Mazen (BD) Industries Ltd

Author (s): 

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad, Badrun Nahar & Sha. A. Ahammed Khan

Abstract

This study aims to figure out the living standard of the worker of Ventura Leatherware Mfy (BD) Ltd. and Mazen (Bangladesh) Industries Ltd. at Uttara EPZ, Nilphamari, Bangladesh. As we know that EPZs play a great role to develop the people’s living standard of a specific zone and the country as well. The main concern is that are they actually do this or not? From this thinking the study has conducted to measure the living standards of the workers. Two companies have chosen from Uttara EPZ, Nilphamari for the study. Based on the objectives of the study the questionnaires have designed. The data have collected from 200 respondents and 100 respondents for both company. To develop the questionnaire various relevant issues has been taken which are related to the topic. The data was analyzed by MS excel. The study showed that the worker has got salary by the company was not similar to other countries of the world. The people who are working in this company have better living standard than the people work outside the EPZ. There are some sorts of claim against BEPZA. The company should follow a worldwide salary structure and BEPZA should be stricter to do their activities. The company’s worker collaboration should be good and that will create a favorable environment to others. The improvement of the company will get acceptance internationally and will play a great role to the development of northern part of the country and the country as well. The finding of the study will provide an overview about the compensation and benefit and the living standard of two companies as well as Uttara EPZ.

Key words: Wage Rate, Living Standard, Ventura Leatherware Mfy (BD) Ltd., Mazen (BD) Industries Ltd. & Uttara EPZ.

Download PDF

Title:

A comparative Analysis on Wage Rate & Living Standard of Workers between Ventura Leatherware Mfy (BD) Ltd. & Mazen (BD) Industries Ltd

Author:

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad, Badrun Nahar & Sha. A. Ahammed Khan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2632972
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2019
Date of Publication: 08/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/341.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-15
First Page: 1
Last Page: 15
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ahammad, S. M.,  Nahar, B. & Khan, S. A. A. (2019). A comparative Analysis on Wage Rate & Living Standard of Workers between Ventura Leatherware Mfy (BD) Ltd. & Mazen (BD) Industries Ltd. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(3), 1-15. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2632972

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/341.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad, Professor, Department of Accounting, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 Badrun Nahar, (Corresponding Author),  MBA, Department of Accounting, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 Sha. A. Ahammed Khan, MBA, Department of Management, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2632972

Understanding Electronic Commerce Adoption at Organizational Level: Literature Review of TOE Framework and DOI Theory Author: Cinnie Liu

Understanding Electronic Commerce Adoption at Organizational Level: Literature Review of TOE Framework and DOI Theory Author: Cinnie Liu

Understanding Electronic Commerce Adoption at Organizational Level: Literature Review of TOE Framework and DOI Theory

Author (s): 

Cinnie Liu

Abstract

A number of theories have been used to describe e-commerce adoption and use of technology. TAM, TPB, TRA, and UTAUT have been widely used to describe the adoption at the individual level. Conversely, at the organizational level, two popular theories have been used widely either alone or with other theories to describe the adoption and use of technologies (including e-commerce). These two theories are Roger’s Diffusion of Innovation (DOI) theory (1962) and technology-organization-environment (TOE) framework (1990). Based on the available literature sources, this paper focuses on reviewing the prominent technology adoption models at the organizational level, Technology-Organization-Environmental (TOE) framework and Diffusion of Innovation (DOI) theory in order to perceive their possible future application at the organizational level. The result of this study reveals that most of the e-commerce studies preferred questionnaire method. The studies of e-commerce adoption have recently been carried out mostly in developing countries. Moreover, this paper attempts to provide a better understanding of electronic commerce adoption theories at the organizational level by conducting a literature review.

Key words: Technology Adoption, DOI, TOE, organizational level, electronic commerce, literature review.

Download PDF

Title:

Understanding Electronic Commerce Adoption at Organizational Level: Literature Review of TOE Framework and DOI Theory

Author:

Cinnie Liu

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2631413
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 2
Acceptance Date: 02/04/2019
Date of Publication: xx/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/336.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 179-195
First Page: 179
Last Page: 195
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Liu, C.  (2019). Understanding Electronic Commerce Adoption at Organizational Level: Literature Review of TOE Framework and DOI Theory. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(2), 179-195. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2631413

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/336.pdf

 

About Author

Cinnie Liu, PhD candidate, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2631413