Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China Fatema-Tuz-Zohora

Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China

Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora

Abstract

The aim of the study to explore the factor influencing online shopping behavior of international students who are studying in Guangzhou, china. The current study surveyed only the international Students of South China University of Technology of Guangzhou city in China and total 169 questionnaire samples have been distributed. Quantitative study approached has been adopted to collect analyze and present data in this study. Data for the study is drawn from two main sources-primary source and secondary source. Primary data was collected through the administration of structured questionnaires from 169 international university students. The collected sample was analyzed by using (SPSS) software which is convenient to use and fast to get the results. Frequency, descriptive analysis, and to check reliability of the tool internal consistency method using SPSS by finding Cronbach‘s alpha value lastly correlation factors was determined. And Secondary data is obtained from journals, published books, different blogs, lecture notes and internet etc. This study focused on strategies for analyzing the present scenario of international students as a shopper; survey their shopping behavior, factor influencing their online shopping patterns and consumption behavior. Functionality, privacy, trust, firm reputation and perceived value are the major influencing factors on consumer online shopping behavior. The relationship and data reliability of the influencing factors are significantly reliable and has significant relationships which justify the research. Study concluded that among the influencing factors functionality factor ranked top importance followed by privacy, firm reputation, perceived value, and trust. The lower ranking of trust is indicating that major respondents group feels uncomfortable or unsafe to do online shopping.

Key words: Online Shopping; Shopping Behavior; Factor influencing online Shopping; International Students; China.

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Title: Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China
Author: Fatema-Tuz-Zohora
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/338.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 239-259
First Page: 239
Last Page: 259
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora (2019). Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 239-259.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/338.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora, Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Barisal, Barisal-8200, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124

Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives Samia Tariq

Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives

Author (s)

Samia Tariq

Abstract

Selection of the appropriate entry mode for internationalization is a crucial decision. Global firms contemplating foreign direct investment may incur huge costs due to wrong selection of entry mode. Environment, as a non-controllable factor, should guide these firms to choose a pertinent entry mode. This conceptual paper provides key propositions of the potential impact of entry mode selection on the success of the firm, building on resource dependency theory and contingency theory. The study proposes that the choice of entry mode selection by internationalizing Chinese firms, targeting developing as well as developed economies, is contingent on the level of environmental uncertainty and risk profile of the host country. The study highlights significant environmental factors as prime determinants of the selection of an entry mode. The proposed framework can serve as a guideline for global firms to choose the host market depending on the nature of environmental factors. Choosing right entry mode will help them to reduce failures arising from the wrong choice of entry mode. Future empirical studies should test the framework to add to the international business literature.

Key words: Resource dependence theory (RDT), Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI), Emerging Market Multinational Companies (EMNCs), Mergers & Acquisitions (M&As), Greenfield Investments, Joint Ventures (JVs).

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Title: Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives
Author: Samia Tariq
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/400.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 173-182
First Page: 173
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Review Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Samia Tariq (2019). Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 173-182. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/400.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Samia Tariq, PhD Scholar, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347

Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives Tariq Hameed Alvi

Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives

Author (s)

Tariq Hameed Alvi

Abstract

This study contends that Resource Dependence Theory and Political Economy are pertinent perspectives to investigate drivers of Outward FDI from China by integrating them with other frameworks such as OLI-Framework, Collusion-and-Rivalry Framework, and Three-Stage Model of OFDI for Developing Countries. In so doing, it develops four fundamental propositions. First, OFDI from China will grow further in the coming years. Second, China’s increasing emphasis on North-Atlantic is attributed to the intent of Chinese MNEs to move to the higher end of the value chain. Third, the Chinese MNEs will move to more market-driven transactions after Chinese MNEs become prevalent in international markets. Fourth, Chinese MNEs will focus more on services than manufacturing in the years to come. The author hopes that these propositions will encourage empirical research on OFDI from China. The accuracy of these propositions, however, is contingent on the harmonious relationship between China and the host countries.

Key words: Multinational Enterprises (MNEs), Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI), Inward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs), Resource Dependence Theory (RDT), OLI-Framework, Collusion-and-Rivalry framework, and Three-stage model of OFDI.

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Title: Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives
Author: Tariq Hameed Alvi
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415225
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/399.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 163-172
First Page: 163
Last Page: 172
Paper Type: Review Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Tariq Hameed Alvi (2019). Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 163-172. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3415225

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About Author (s)

Tariq Hameed Alvi, PhD Scholar, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415225

A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang

A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use

Author (s)

Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang

Abstract

This study inspects Facebook habit on Bangladeshi youths and navigation to their facilitations. In extension, it also investigates whether Facebook usage influence to hunt new knowledge and capacity building such as social bonding, social capital and acquiring new skills and opportunities. Realistic data was composed from 312 Bangladeshi youth Facebook users through a questionnaire survey.  It was observed that educational status is subjective on Facebook use while gender has no significant relationship advancing youth opportunities by the Facebook use. The study outcome also pointed up that there is a constructive bonding between youth opportunities and Facebook usage i.e. mostly active users modeling prospect youths related to opportunity search and social capital. The study also steers a positive browsing manual to the Bangladeshi youth Face book users who wish to see the Facebook as a “Savebook” that is really needed for the South Asian socio-economic context.

Key words: Bangladesh, Facebook, Opportunities, Social capital, Youth.

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Title: A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use
Author: Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3402344
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 07/09/2019
Date of Publication: 08/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/337.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 215-234
First Page: 215
Last Page: 234
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang (2019). A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 215-234.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3402344

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About Author (s)

Md Abdur Razzak (Corresponding Author), School of Media and Communication, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Md Serajul Islam, Bangladesh National Museum, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Jinzhang Jiang, School of Media and Communication, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3402344

The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika

The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia

Author (s)

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika

Abstract

The central purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia and to determine whether this arrangement is beneficial or not for Namibia. For this concern, the paper uses the VECM method of estimation with two equations with yearly data covering the period of 1990 and 2018. The empirical results indicated that there is a negative statistically significance relationship between REER and export also between REER and FDI leading then into the expensiveness of the local production of goods & services in international markets and lose competitiveness hence worsening the BoP. On the other hand, when REER depreciates foreign direct investment flows to Namibia increases. Despite the two results, FDI is the key vital engine for Namibia’s export. This can be noticed in the mining sector which is the main sector whose Namibia’s export is dependent on. The paper suggests that, pegging to the rand is an appropriate exchange rate regime for Namibia. However, Namibia should consider exploring macro-economic policy independence and be involved in the determination of exchange rate within the CMA framework in order to avoid further deterioration of BoP. The paper also further suggested that Namibia should reduce its dependency on import by promoting the base of its manufacturing and other sectors as this will help to protect itself from changes in foreign price developments particularly from South Africa. The study will help the Namibian policies makers to pay a closer attention to exchange rate regime policies and the researchers in their academic works.

Key words: Exchange Rate regime, Export, FDI, GDP and VECM.

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Title: The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia
Author: AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3386775
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 31/08/2019
Date of Publication: 05/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/396.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 133-151
First Page: 133
Last Page: 151
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika (2019). The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 133-151. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3386775

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/396.pdf

 

About Author (s)

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed (corresponding author), Doctorate candidate at UIBE in International Economics,  Policy Analyst and  Research Assistant at the University of Peking (P.R.China)  in  Special  Economic  Zones  in  Sub-Saharan  Countries, China.

NANKELA Ndinelago Monika, Former student at CUEB in China and now Custom Officer.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3386775