Islam, M. S., & Ahammad, D. M. (2017). Investigating The Relationship Between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Household Consumption Expenditure (HCE) In Two SAARC Countries: Nepal and Pakistan.

Islam, M. S., & Ahammad, D. M. (2017). Investigating The Relationship Between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Household Consumption Expenditure (HCE) In Two SAARC Countries: Nepal and Pakistan.

Investigating The Relationship Between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Household Consumption Expenditure (HCE) In Two SAARC Countries: Nepal and Pakistan

Md. Saiful Islam & Dr. Shaikh Mostak Ahammad

Abstract   This study examines the matter of trends (level and slope), cycle and irregular components in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Household Consumption Expenditure (HCE) of two SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) countries: Nepal and Pakistan. SAARC countries produce GDP (PPP) US$ 9.9 trillion and GDP (Nominal) US$ 2.9 trillion and constitute 9.12% of global economy as of 2015. The mentioned two countries from this region are selected due to their importance in the SAARC region and their challenges during last few decades i.e. Political crisis and natural disasters. In this study the multivariate unobserved components model is used to decompose the GDP and HCE and examine the relationships between these two variables of Nepal and Pakistan. The time period of this study is 1970-2014 and Kushnirs statistical data is employed. The maximum likelihood smoother is employed in the trend plus stochastic cycle methodology of Koopman et al. (2009) to estimate the model. It is found here that there have no deficiencies in the diagnostics of normality, auxiliary, prediction, and forecast. And residual diagnostics also present that it is nicely fitted with this model. Empirical results clearly show that there have strong correlations between the GDP and HCE in irregular components in both the countries of Nepal and Pakistan. Finally, in both slope and cycle, the correlations between GDP and HCE of Nepal and Pakistan are found perfectly positive in the short and long run.

Keywords: GDP, Household Consumption Expenditure, UC Model, SAARC, Economy

Download PDF

Title:                                  Investigating The Relationship Between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Household Consumption Expenditure (HCE) In Two SAARC Countries: Nepal and Pakistan

Authors:                          Islam, M. S., & Ahammad, D. M.

Journal Name:             International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                         http://ijsab.com

DOI:                                 10.5281/zenodo.439694

ISSN:                               ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

Media:                              Online and Print

Volume:                           1

Issue:                               2

Acceptance Date:       23/03/2017

Date of Publication: 24/03/2017

PDF URL:                      http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/101.pdf

Free download:         Available

Page:                               1-36

First Page:                    1

Last Page:                     36

Citation:  Islam, M. S., & Ahammad, D. M. (2017). Investigating The Relationship Between Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Household Consumption Expenditure (HCE) In Two SAARC Countries: Nepal and Pakistan. International Journal of Science and Business, 1(2), 1-36. doi:10.5281/zenodo.439694

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/101.pdf

About Authors:

Md. Saiful Islam

MBA, Department of Accounting

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Dr. Shaikh Mostak Ahammad

Associate Professor, Department of Accounting

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

  DOI

 

Attachments

Rahman, M. M., Ahammed, M. M. U., Rouf, M. A., & Uddin, M. M. (2017). Obstacles and implementation of accounting software system in Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Case of South Asian perspective.

Rahman, M. M., Ahammed, M. M. U., Rouf, M. A., & Uddin, M. M. (2017). Obstacles and implementation of accounting software system in Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Case of South Asian perspective.

Obstacles and implementation of accounting software system in Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Case of South Asian perspective.

Mohammad Mazibar Rahman, Md. Main Uddin Ahammed, Md. Abdur Rouf  and Mohammad Main Uddin

 

 Abstract:

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have long been considered as the principle driving force of Bangladesh’s economy. Along with stimulating private ownership and entrepreneurial skills, SMEs are flexible and can adapt quickly to changing market demand and supply. The aim of this study was to show that how the factors of barrier affected practicing of accounting software system in SMEs of Bangladesh. However, to get an exclusive finding, total 300 firms were randomly selected as a respondent and surveyed to get the specific answers of the specific questionnaire. Finally, the result of this study suggested the proper application and use of accounting software system ensured strong responsibility and accountability of the business enterprise and it also assisted the owner and policy makers of the firm’s to better understanding about their performance and improvement. With employing accounting software technology, small and medium business enterprises can reduce its operating cost and increase its profitability and competitive advantages.

 

Keywords: Accounting Software (AC), Small Medium enterprises (SMEs), Barrier and Implementation

 

Download PDF

 

Title:  Obstacles and implementation of accounting software system in Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Case of South Asian perspective.

Authors:                  Rahman, M. M., Ahammed, M. M. U., Rouf, M. A., & Uddin, M. M.

Journal Name:             International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                          http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                2520-4750

DOI:                                 10.5281/zenodo.439703

Media:                             Online and Print

Volume:                           1

Issue:                                 1

Acceptance Date:        3/02/2017

Date of Publication:  4/02/2017

PDF URL:                      http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/2.pdf

Free download:         Available

Page:                              7-15

First Page:                  7

Last Page:                  15

 

 

Cite this article:

Rahman, M. M., Ahammed, M. M. U., Rouf, M. A., & Uddin, M. M. (2017). Obstacles and implementation of accounting software system in Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Case of South Asian perspective. International Journal of Science and Business, 1(1), 7–15. doi:10.5281/zenodo.439703

Retrieve form http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/2.pdf

 

About Authors

Mohammad Mazibar Rahman 

Lecturer, Department of Accounting,

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Md. Main Uddin Ahammed

Lecturer, Department of Finance & Banking,

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Md. Abdur Rouf

Lecturer, Department of Marketing,

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Mohammad Main Uddin

Lecturer, Department of Accounting,

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Download PDF

DOI

Attachments

Chowdhury, A.N.M. M. H., Siddiqua, A., Chowdhury, A. S. M. M. H., & Mainuddin, M. (2017). Effect of capital adequacy, earnings quality and leverage on Islamic Banking profitability: A case of Bangladesh.

Chowdhury, A.N.M. M. H., Siddiqua, A., Chowdhury, A. S. M. M. H., & Mainuddin, M. (2017). Effect of capital adequacy, earnings quality and leverage on Islamic Banking profitability: A case of Bangladesh.

 

 

EFFECT OF CAPITAL ADEQUACY, EARNINGS QUALITY AND LEVERAGE ON ISLAMIC BANKING PROFITABILITY: A CASE OF BANGLADESH

N. M. Minhajul Haque Chowdhury, Ayesha Siddiqua, Abu Sayed Md. Mahmudul Haque Chowdhury & Md. Mainuddin

 

 

ABSTRACT

The development of the economic system of a nation is closely related with the banking system of that nation. Islamic banking system has been introduced in every Muslim country. As a Muslim country Bangladesh was started practicing this non-interest bearing banking in 1983. This study focused on the determinants like capital adequacy, earnings quality and leverage those affect the profitability of Islamic banking. For this study researchers selected five Islamic banks and collected secondary data from the financial statements of the banks during 2011-2014. The study showed that capital adequacy and leverage were positively related with profitability but there was a negative correlation between cost to income ratio and return on asset (ROA) of the selected bank during that period. It is also found that the independent variables were sufficient to explain the changes of dependent variable ROA.

 

Key words: Islamic banking, profitability, capital adequacy, earnings quality, leverage.

 

 

Download PDF

 

Title:  Effect of capital adequacy, earnings quality and leverage on Islamic Banking profitability: A case of Bangladesh.

Authors: Chowdhury, A.N.M. M. H., Siddiqua, A., Chowdhury, A. S. M. M. H., & Mainuddin, M.

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business

Website: http://ijsab.com

ISSN: 2520-4750

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.439706

Media: Online and Print

Volume: 1

Issue: 1

Acceptance Date: 15/02/2017

Date of Publication: 16/02/2017

PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/4.pdf

Free download: Available

Page: 41-46

First Page: 41

Last Page: 46

Citation:

 

Chowdhury, A.N.M. M. H., Siddiqua, A., Chowdhury, A. S. M. M. H., & Mainuddin, M. (2017). Effect of capital adequacy, earnings quality and leverage on Islamic Banking profitability: A case of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 1(1), 41–46. doi:10.5281/zenodo.439706

 

Retrieve form http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/4.pdf

 

 

 

 

About Authors

N. M. Minhajul Haque Chowdhury,

Master of Business Administration

                Department of Finance and Banking

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU)

Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh

Email: mhchowdhury2016@gmail.com

 

 

Ayesha Siddiqua

Master of Business Administration

                                     Department of Finance and Banking

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU)

Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh

Email: ayeshasiddiquakeya@gmail.com

 

 

Abu Sayed Md. Mahmudul Haque Chowdhury

Senior Lecturer

Department of English

University of Development Alternative (UODA)

Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh

Email: abusayed34@ymail.com

 

 

Md. Mainuddin

Master of Business Administration

         Department of Marketing

Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU)

Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh

Email: muddinhstu92@gmail.com

 

 

Download PDF

DOI