Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies Authors: Juma Gambason Makaranga & Xiaoyan Zhou

Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies Authors: Juma Gambason Makaranga & Xiaoyan Zhou

Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies

 Authors:  Juma Gambason Makaranga & Xiaoyan Zhou

 

Abstract

The study has been used fixed effect and first difference estimation method in a panel data of 49 African economies to evaluate the position of the quality of institutions, stock of human capital, trade openness and inflation rate on facilitating the influence of foreign direct investment (FDI) on growth for the period between 1990 and 2016. The results showed that FDI was positively and statistically significant and contributing to growth in fixed effect estimation and insignificant in first difference estimation. Human capital showed the positive relationship with growth but statistically insignificant yet inflation rate has statistically significant with negative influence on growth. The results reveal that the contribution of FDI on growth is uplifted by the quality of the institutions, open trade and natural resources. we found strong positive coefficients on the quality of institutions implying that quality of institutions has a vital role in boosting the growth of African economies. Both interaction term between FDI and natural resources (FDI*Resource Dummy), that of FDI and human capital (FDI*HC) showed a positive relationship with growth but statistically insignificant, yet the interaction term of FDI and quality of institution (FDI*QI) reveal a negative relationship with growth. These statistical insignificant coefficients of the interaction terms signify that in order to accelerate their growth African economies should put more emphasis on reforming their institutions in line with improving their human capital in such a way that they can be able to absorb and realize the FDI spillovers into their economies.

Key words: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), quality of institutions, Human capital, trade openness, inflation rate & African Economies

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Title:                                Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies

Authors:                          Juma Gambason MakarangaXiaoyan Zhou

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                   ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1175180

Media:                                 Online and Print

Volume:                             2

Issue:                                  1

Acceptance Date:          18/02/2018

Date of Publication:    19/02/2018

PDF URL:                         http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/215.pdf

Free download:             Available

Page:                                   73-89

First Page:                        73

Last Page:                        89

 

Cite This Article:

Makaranga, J. G., & Zhou, X. (2018). Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(1), 73-89. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1175180

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/215.pdf

 

About Authors:

 

Juma Gambason Makaranga

(PhD student), School of Business Management

University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China

Xiaoyan Zhou

Professor,Business School

University of International Business and  Economics, Beijing, China

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1175180

Adoption extent of organic vegetable farming in Bogra district, Bangladesh Authors: Masud Parvez; Kh. Zulfikar Hossain & Muhammad Humayun Kabir

Adoption extent of organic vegetable farming in Bogra district, Bangladesh Authors: Masud Parvez; Kh. Zulfikar Hossain & Muhammad Humayun Kabir

Adoption extent of organic vegetable farming in Bogra district, Bangladesh

Authors: Masud Parvez; Kh. Zulfikar Hossain & Muhammad Humayun Kabir

Abstract

Adoption of organic vegetable farming can play a significant role in sustainable agricultural development through refraining indiscriminate use of agrochemicals which has been proven as the significant cause of environmental pollution.  In this line, the main purpose of the study was to determine the adoption extent of organic vegetable farming by the farmers of Bogra district and to explore the factors that influence farmers’ adoption of organic farming. The study was conducted in some selected villages under Shahjanpur Upazila (sub-district) of Bogra district. Data were collected by using an interview schedule from randomly selected 102 farmers during whole February, 2017. Multiple regression analysis was done to explore the significant factors and their contribution in adopting organic vegetable cultivation. The survey revealed that highest proportion of the farmers (79.40%) had low to medium adoption of organic farming while the rest had high adoption. Among the selected factors, extension media contact, training exposure, attitude towards organic farming and profitability had a significant contribution to the adoption of organic vegetable farming. The findings of the study indicated that the adoption level of organic vegetable farming has yet not to be satisfactory. Some initiatives like to increase farmers contact with media, arrange more training program, ensure the proper price of organic vegetable and improve transportation should be taken in creating a favorable attitude of the farmers towards organic farming as well as the adoption of organic farming.

Key words: Adoption, Organic vegetable, Farming, Linear regression, Bangladesh

 

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Title:                                 Adoption extent of organic vegetable farming in Bogra district, Bangladesh

Authors:                           Masud Parvez; Kh. Zulfikar Hossain & Muhammad Humayun Kabir

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                   ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1171307

Media:                                 Online and Print

Volume:                             2

Issue:                                  1

Acceptance Date:          08/02/2018

Date of Publication:    09/02/2018

PDF URL:                         http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/214.pdf

Free download:             Available

Page:                                   61-72

First Page:                        61

Last Page:                        72

Cite This Article:

Parvez, M., Hossain, K. Z., & Kabir, M. H. (2018). Adoption extent of organic vegetable farming in Bogra district, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(1), 61-72. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1171307

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/214.pdf

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/214.pdf

About Authors:

Masud Parvez

FormerMS Student, Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System

Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

 

Kh. Zulfikar Hossain

Assistant Professor

Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System

Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

Muhammad Humayun Kabir

Associate Professor

Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System

Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University

Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1171307

Exploring Risk Management Activities for Solar PV: A Preliminary Investigation in Malaysia Authors: Mohamad Faizal Ahmad Zaidi; Siti Norezam Othman & Risyawati Mohamed Ismail

Exploring Risk Management Activities for Solar PV: A Preliminary Investigation in Malaysia Authors: Mohamad Faizal Ahmad Zaidi; Siti Norezam Othman & Risyawati Mohamed Ismail

Exploring Risk Management Activities for Solar PV: A Preliminary Investigation in Malaysia

Authors: Mohamad Faizal Ahmad Zaidi; Siti Norezam Othman & Risyawati Mohamed Ismail

Abstract

Solar photovoltaic (PV) is the most popular renewable energy for sustainable environment. Despite of the benefits, achieving the objectives of solar PV can be hampered by the potential risks. In Malaysia, solar PV is projected to be the main source of renewable energy by 2040;however the issue on risk is still underexplored. With limited information at hand, it would be relevant to first explore the relationships between risk management and solar PV prior to anyin-depth investigation. Inspired by the Risk Management Principles and Guidelines,this pilot study has prepared the research framework and hypothesis for the preliminary investigation. The questionnaire was sent to solar PV firms in Malaysia, where the analysis has found mixed results. In fact, only one relationship between risk context and solar PV was significantlypositive, while the other five hypotheses, namelyrisk identification, risk analysis, risk evaluation, risk communication, and risk monitoring, although also positively correlated with solar PV have to be rejected for being statistically insignificant. Meanwhile, a relationship between risk treatment and solar PV was correlated in a negative way, but the result was rejected. Despite of that, all risk management activities are positively correlated to each other. This pilot study has gathered some basic information on risk management for solar PV in Malaysia. With the findings, this study has come up with four critical questions that deserve further attentionbefore pursuing for anylarge- or full-scale empirical study.

Keywords: Green technology, MS ISO 31000: 2010, Photo-voltaic, Pilot study, Renewable energy & Technology assessment

 

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Title:                                 Exploring Risk Management Activities for Solar PV: A Preliminary Investigation in Malaysia

Authors:                           Mohamad Faizal Ahmad Zaidi; Siti Norezam Othman & Risyawati Mohamed Ismail

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                   ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                     https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1169154

Media:                                 Online and Print

Volume:                             2

Issue:                                  1

Acceptance Date:          04/02/2018

Date of Publication:    08/02/2018

PDF URL:                         http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/213.pdf

Free download:             Available

Page:                                   35-60

First Page:                        35

Last Page:                        60

Cite This Article:

Zaidi, M. F. A., Othman, S. N., & Ismail, R. M. (2018). Exploring Risk Management Activities for Solar PV: A Preliminary Investigation in Malaysia. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(1), 35-60. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1169154

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/213.pdf

About Authors:

Mohamad Faizal Ahmad Zaidi

School of Technology Management & Logistics, College of Business,

Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Kedah Malaysia

 

Siti Norezam Othman

School of Technology Management & Logistics, College of Business,

Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Kedah Malaysia

 

Risyawati Mohamed Ismail

School of Technology Management & Logistics, College of Business,

Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok 06010, Kedah Malaysia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1169154

 

 

 

 

Factors affecting anestrus in dairy cows at the rural areas in Bangladesh Authors: Md Saidur Rahman, Mirza Mienur Meher, Md. Mostafijur Rahman,  Progga Laboni Priyanka, TK Saha & Khondoker Jahengir Alam

Factors affecting anestrus in dairy cows at the rural areas in Bangladesh Authors: Md Saidur Rahman, Mirza Mienur Meher, Md. Mostafijur Rahman, Progga Laboni Priyanka, TK Saha & Khondoker Jahengir Alam

Factors affecting anestrus in dairy cows at the rural areas in Bangladesh

Authors: Md Saidur Rahman, Mirza Mienur Meher, Md. Mostafijur Rahman, Progga Laboni Priyanka, TK Saha

Abstract

Rural people of Bangladesh rear cow mainly for milk production. Milk production is related with parturition. There are many cow suffering from reproductive disturbance like anestrus that delayed conception and parturition. Therefore it is necessary to uncover the factors those are affecting anestrus in dairy cows. Present study was conducted to detect anestrous in dairy cow through rectal palpation of ovarian cyst and its therapeutic management at the rural areas of Bangladesh. In this investigation a cattle group of 46 indigenous and cross bred cows of first to fifth parturition with poor to moderate BCS and age between 2.5-7.5 years were examined. Data related to age, breed, parturition and insemination type were recorded in a registrar book. 35 cows were examined in upazila veterinary hospital and 11 cows in some small sized dairy farms of Bera upazila, Pabna, Bangladesh. The presumptive diagnosis of anestrous through rectal palpation and its therapeutic management was found effective. The ovaries of those cows were  examined through rectal palpation where 58.70% were suspected as nutritional anoestrus whereas Follicular and luteal cysts were 19.57% and 13.04% respectively. Anestrous due to ovarian hypoplasia were diagnosed in 8.69% cows. Old cross bred cows (69.57%) ages between 5.5 to 7.5 years were more susceptible to anestrous than that of 2.5-5.5 years indigenous cows (30.43%). Cows affected from follicular cyst were treated with 2.5 ml intramuscular injection of GnRH hormone {Fertilon(R)} and cows affected from luteal cyst were treated with 5 ml intramuscular injection of PGF2α {Dinoprost(R)} and prognosis were recorded as 66.67% and 50% respectively. Ovarian hypoplasia and none recognized cases were first treated with Inj. Fertilon(R) 2.5 ml intramuscularly and after 10-12 days Inj. Dinoprost(R) 5 ml intramuscularly and 75 % cases showed positive response. Our results reflects the present scenario of anestrus and its management. Further study on pathophysiological mechanism of ovarian cyst that leads the anoestrus in dairy cows can give a new window to fight against anestrus in dairy cows.

 

 Key words: Anoestrus, rectal palpation, ovarian cyst & treatment.

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Title:                                  Factors affecting anestrus in dairy cows at the rural areas in Bangladesh

Authors:                           Md Saidur Rahman, Mirza Mienur Meher, Md. Mostafijur Rahman, Progga Laboni Priyanka, TK Saha & Khondoker Jahengir Alam

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                   ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                     https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1148489

Media:                                 Online and Print

Volume:                             2

Issue:                                  1

Acceptance Date:          15/01/2018

Date of Publication:    15/01/2018

PDF URL:                         http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/212.pdf

Free download:             Available

Page:                                   22- 34

First Page:                        22

Last Page:                        34

 

Cite This Article:

Rahman, M. S., Meher, M. M., Rahman, M. M., Priyanka, P. L., Saha, T. K. & Alam, K. J. (2018). Factors affecting anestrus in dairy cows at the rural areas in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(1), 22-34. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1148489

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/212.pdf

About Authors:

Md Saidur Rahman

(Corresponding Author)  Department of Anatomy and Histology,

Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,

Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Mirza Mienur Meher

Department of Microbiology and Public Health,

Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,

Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Md. Mostafijur Rahman

Department of Pathology and Parasitology,

Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,

Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Progga Laboni Priyanka

Department of Anatomy and Histology,

Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,

Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

TK Saha

Department of Anatomy and Histology,

Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,

Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

Khondoker Jahengir Alam

Department of Pathology and Parasitology,

Faculty of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine,

Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1148489

 

The Impact of Brand Awareness on Customer Loyalty towards Igloo Ice Cream: A Study on Dhaka University Students Authors: S.M. Shariful Haque, Tauhid Ahmed Bappy & Md. Arifuzzaman

The Impact of Brand Awareness on Customer Loyalty towards Igloo Ice Cream: A Study on Dhaka University Students Authors: S.M. Shariful Haque, Tauhid Ahmed Bappy & Md. Arifuzzaman

The Impact of Brand Awareness on Customer Loyalty towards Igloo Ice Cream: A Study on Dhaka University Students.

Authors: S.M. Shariful Haque, Tauhid Ahmed Bappy & Md. Arifuzzaman

Abstract

The importance of brand awareness to develop higher level of customer loyalty in the ice cream industry is multifaceted. Igloo, being the market leader, takes a wide range of brand building measures to make customers more aware but that does not necessarily lead them to capture the multifarious benefits of full customer loyalty. The purpose of the study, however, was to identify the impact of brand awareness on consumer loyalty towards Igloo Ice Cream. All the 100 respondents chosen for this study using stratified sampling technique were surveyed with 5 point Likert Scale. The data were analyzed using statistical tools such as factor analysis and multiple regression analysis.  The study reduced the twelve brand awareness building variables such as brand name, logo, slogan, character, product variety, price, communication, product availability, events, sponsorship, promotional merchandise, trade show into three factors namely “Marketing Programs”, “Brand Exposure Builders” and “Brand Recognition Elements”. The findings also suggest that among these three factors “marketing programs” most significantly affect brand awareness. From regression analysis, it was found that brand awareness building variables and customer loyalty have high degree of positive association and the ability to recognize brand character, brand name, brand slogan, affordability with price, and participation in Igloo sponsored events most significantly influence customer loyalty. Recommendations were provided in the end which if followed by the management of Igloo will ensure higher customer loyalty.

 Key words: brand building, Brand Awareness, Customer Loyalty, Igloo & Brand Recognition.

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Title:                                 The Impact of Brand Awareness on Customer Loyalty towards Igloo Ice Cream: A Study on Dhaka University Students.

Authors:                           Haque, M.S.S. , Bappy, T. A., & Arifuzzaman, M. (2018).

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                  ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1136274

Media:                               Online and Print

Volume:                            2

Issue:                                 1

Acceptance Date:         25/12/2017

Date of Publication:   0 7/01/2018

PDF URL:                       http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/211.pdf

Free download:          Available

Page:                                1-21

First Page:                     1

Last Page:                       21

Cite This Article:

Haque, M.S.S. , Bappy, T. A., & Arifuzzaman, M. (2018). The Impact of Brand Awareness on Customer Loyalty towards Igloo Ice Cream: A Study on Dhaka University Students. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(1), 1-21. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1136274

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/211.pdf

About Authors:

S.M. Shariful Haque

(Corresponding Author) Lecturer, Army Institute of Business Administration (AIBA),

Savar Cantonment , Dhaka

Tauhid Ahmed Bappy, MBA

Department of Marketing, University of Dhaka

Md. Arifuzzaman

Internal Auditor (ID-05856), Eco-Social Development Organization (ESDO)

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1136274