Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria Authors: Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph

Page:653-663

Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria

Author: 

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph

Abstract

Maritime policies like general transport policies over the years have remained a veritable tool for planning the development of the maritime transport sector in Nigeria and other nations. Experience in most developing African countries has shown that African nations are not lacking in the development of well thought-out policy blue prints for the development of her maritime sectors; they  rather have poor policy implementation strategy as past records have shown, thus culminating into the failure and total abandonment of well thought-out maritime development policy plans. An example is the UNCTAD 40-40-20 policy which has helped similar maritime nations as Nigeria to develop adequate capacities in carriage of their seaborne trade and fleet size but has failed to achieve the same feet in Nigeria. The study was thus carried out to assess the implementation of the defunct UNCTAD 40-40-20 policy implementation in Nigeria in comparison with the current sabotage policy being implemented by the Nigeria maritime Administration and safety Agency.  The objectives of the research were among other things to determine the trend of the fleet ownership of indigenous ship owners in the UNCTAD 40-40-20 regime in comparison with the trend fleet ownership strength of Nigeria indigenous ship owners in the present cabotage regime; and to compare the tonnage capacities of indigenous ship owners in the UNCTAD 40-40-20 regime and the current cabotage regime.  The historical research design method was used and secondary data were collected and used for the study. The data collected were analyzed using the difference of means model, independent sample t-test and trend analysis. It was found that the trend line showing the influence of time on the fleet size of the indigenous ship owners is   in the cabotage regime is :     Y = 229.93 – 1.7X + e. it showed a decreasing trend in the fleet size of indigenous ship owners in the cabotage regime. The result of the trend analysis on the fleet size of indigenous ship owners in the UNCTAD 40-40-20 regime also indicated a mean fleet size of 19.818 vessels per annum with a standard deviation of 4.26. The trend equation showing the relationship between fleet size and time over the period was Y = 27.02 – 1.20 + e. It equally showed a decreasing trend in fleet ownership by Nigeria over the period. The comparative analysis between the indigenous tonnages in the cabotage and UNCTAD 40-40-20 regimes revealed that the mean tonnages of the indigenous ship owners per annum in the cabotage and UNCTAD 40-40-20 regimes are 229477.2145tons and 279286.3636 respectively with respective standard deviations of 92574.10890 and 52471.99601 over the 11 years period covered in the study. The result of the analysis showed a difference in means of -49809.14909 in favour of the indigenous tonnage in the UNCTAD 40-40-20 regime.  These implies similar implementation outcomes in both policies.  Recommendations were given for improvement in the implementation of the current cabotage regime to save it from similar failure like the UNCTAD 40-40-20 regime.

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Title:

Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria

Author:

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/After_final_publication
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 04/11/2018
Date of Publication: 06/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/285.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 653-663
First Page: 653
Last Page: 663
Current Status: Accepted with minor corrections

Cite This Article:

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Ufia Friday & Adaka Joseph (2018). Comparative Study on Implementation Outcomes of UNCTAD 40-40-20 and cabotage Maritime Policies in Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 653-663. doi: https://doi.org/After_Final_Publication

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About Author

Nwokedi, Theophilus C., (Corresponding Author) Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Gbasibo Lawrence Addah, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri,  Nigeria

Nwosu Emmanuel Nnadozie, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Ufia Friday, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

Adaka Joseph, Department of Maritime Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/After_final_publication

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