Economic Value Added (EVA): A Literature Review Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain

Economic Value Added (EVA): A Literature Review

Author (s)

Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain

Abstract

Traditional accounting based performance measures fail to assess the true economic return of a firm. In this regard Economic Value Added (EVA) reflects true economic profit of a firm.  This paper explores the role, limitations, foundation, computation of economic value added (EVA) from the established literature. In addition, this paper addresses the key adjustments into residual earnings to reach into EVA. Finally a few numerical examples to introduce key adjustments have been provided. However, there are some other adjustments that are not addressed in this paper. Hence, considering all the financial adjustments in computing EVA can make the paper more worthy of knowledge sharing and dissemination. EVA is termed as a better performance measure across the firms.

Key words: Economic Value Added, Economic Profit, Financial Adjustments, Performance Measure, Residual Earnings.

Download PDF

Title: Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks
Author: Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522161
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 12/10/2019
Date of Publication: 18/10/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/412.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 274-285
First Page: 274
Last Page: 285
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Zahedul Islam, Md. Thasinul Abedin, & Md. Sharif Hossain (2019). Economic Value Added (EVA): A Literature Review, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 274-285. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522161

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/412.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md.  Zahedul Islam, Lecturer, Department of Accounting, University of Chittagong.

Md. Thasinul Abedin (corresponding author), Assistant Professor, Department of Accounting, University of Chittagong.

Md. Sharif Hossain, Professor, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3522161

Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique

Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks

Author (s)

Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to review the treasury functions of the SCOBs, to assess the amount of investment in government securities by the SOCBs and to find out the amount of loss incurred due to excess investment in government securities. The study found that Treasury Department of the various SOCBs is involved in CRR & SLR management, Currency Management, ALM and investment. Moreover, excess SLR of SOCBs was gradually increased in 2015 and 2016 with some exceptions. In addition, COF was between 6.95% to 11.87% in the period of 2014 to 2016 and WAIR of investment was drastically fall in 2015 and 2016. Consequently SOCBs incurred huge loss in 2015 and 2016. The implication of the study is that SOCBs can use the findings to take necessary actions regarding excess investment in government securities. Moreover, this study is a unique one in Bangladesh perspective, because a number research conducted on the investment in govt. securities or security market related topic but ”Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Bank” is new and unique. In addition, academician can use the results of the study for further research and policy makers and regulators can use it to take quick decision.

Key words: Investment, Government security, State-owned commercial Banks, Profit, Loss.

Download PDF

Title: Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks
Author: Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3459409
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 22/09/2019
Date of Publication: 24/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/411.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 260-273
First Page: 260
Last Page: 273
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Subrata Deb Nath, Munna Rani Biswas & Md. Habib Ullah Siddique (2019). Investment in Government Securities by State-owned Commercial Banks. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 260-273.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3459409

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/411.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Subrata Deb Nath, Principal Officer, Treasury Dept., Janata Bank Limited, Head Office, 110 Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Munna Rani Biswas, Senior Assistant Chief, Cabinet Division, Bangladesh Secretariat, People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Md. Habib Ullah Siddique, Senior Principal Officer, Treasury Dept., Janata Bank    Limited, Head Office, 110 Motijheel C/A, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3459409

Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China Fatema-Tuz-Zohora

Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China

Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora

Abstract

The aim of the study to explore the factor influencing online shopping behavior of international students who are studying in Guangzhou, china. The current study surveyed only the international Students of South China University of Technology of Guangzhou city in China and total 169 questionnaire samples have been distributed. Quantitative study approached has been adopted to collect analyze and present data in this study. Data for the study is drawn from two main sources-primary source and secondary source. Primary data was collected through the administration of structured questionnaires from 169 international university students. The collected sample was analyzed by using (SPSS) software which is convenient to use and fast to get the results. Frequency, descriptive analysis, and to check reliability of the tool internal consistency method using SPSS by finding Cronbach‘s alpha value lastly correlation factors was determined. And Secondary data is obtained from journals, published books, different blogs, lecture notes and internet etc. This study focused on strategies for analyzing the present scenario of international students as a shopper; survey their shopping behavior, factor influencing their online shopping patterns and consumption behavior. Functionality, privacy, trust, firm reputation and perceived value are the major influencing factors on consumer online shopping behavior. The relationship and data reliability of the influencing factors are significantly reliable and has significant relationships which justify the research. Study concluded that among the influencing factors functionality factor ranked top importance followed by privacy, firm reputation, perceived value, and trust. The lower ranking of trust is indicating that major respondents group feels uncomfortable or unsafe to do online shopping.

Key words: Online Shopping; Shopping Behavior; Factor influencing online Shopping; International Students; China.

Download PDF

Title: Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China
Author: Fatema-Tuz-Zohora
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/338.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 239-259
First Page: 239
Last Page: 259
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora (2019). Factors Influencing Online Shopping Behavior of International Students: A Case Study in Guangzhou, China. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 239-259.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/338.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Fatema-Tuz-Zohora, Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Barisal, Barisal-8200, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3445124

A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang

A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use

Author (s)

Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang

Abstract

This study inspects Facebook habit on Bangladeshi youths and navigation to their facilitations. In extension, it also investigates whether Facebook usage influence to hunt new knowledge and capacity building such as social bonding, social capital and acquiring new skills and opportunities. Realistic data was composed from 312 Bangladeshi youth Facebook users through a questionnaire survey.  It was observed that educational status is subjective on Facebook use while gender has no significant relationship advancing youth opportunities by the Facebook use. The study outcome also pointed up that there is a constructive bonding between youth opportunities and Facebook usage i.e. mostly active users modeling prospect youths related to opportunity search and social capital. The study also steers a positive browsing manual to the Bangladeshi youth Face book users who wish to see the Facebook as a “Savebook” that is really needed for the South Asian socio-economic context.

Key words: Bangladesh, Facebook, Opportunities, Social capital, Youth.

Download PDF

Title: A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use
Author: Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3402344
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 07/09/2019
Date of Publication: 08/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/337.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 215-234
First Page: 215
Last Page: 234
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Abdur Razzak, Md Serajul Islam & Jinzhang Jiang (2019). A Study of Bangladeshi Youth Opportunity and Social Capital: A case of Facebook Use. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 215-234.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3402344

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/337.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md Abdur Razzak (Corresponding Author), School of Media and Communication, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Md Serajul Islam, Bangladesh National Museum, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Jinzhang Jiang, School of Media and Communication, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3402344

Job Satisfaction of Intermediate Level College Teachers Farhana Rahman

Job Satisfaction of Intermediate Level College Teachers

Author (s)

Farhana Rahman

Abstract

The teaching is one of the prestigious jobs and plays a distinctive role in national development. The objectives of the study were to analyze the intense feeling of college teachers of Dinajpur district concerning the factors of job satisfaction. The study was based on primary and secondary data sources. The primary data were collected through a well-structured questionnaire with 21 items based on five point Likert scale. One open ended questionnaire was given to the respondents. Secondary data were collected from published referred journals. The study was designed on the basis of snowball sampling procedure. The questionnaire were distributed almost all the teachers of four colleges and out of them 49 fill up properly. The data were analyzed by MS-Excel program. Apparently, 70% respondents are satisfied with the behavior of colleagues and section head. Moreover, nearly 50%-70% employees are satisfied with working areas, chance to do work, tasks variations, importance in work, competence of section head, integrity of peers, chance to do something for others and give suggestions, chance to use potentials and work with own style, working conditions, praise of works, and feelings of accomplishment. Besides, teachers are dissatisfied with employment, opportunity in job, own judgment, organizational policy, and pay & salary. The study suggests that the college authority should be very affirmative to the young employees by means of generating creative working environment, freedom in work, and more benefits to enhance their level of job satisfaction.

Key words: Satisfaction, College, Employee, Job, Teaching.

Download PDF

Title: Job Satisfaction of Intermediate Level College Teachers
Author:

Farhana Rahman

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3374403
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 21/08/2019
Date of Publication: 22/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/320.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 204-214
First Page: 204
Last Page: 214
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Farhana Rahman (2019). Job Satisfaction of Intermediate Level College Teachers, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 204-214. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3374403

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/320.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Farhana Rahman, Guest Lecturer (BBA Professional Program), KBM College, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3374403

Work-Life Balance: A Study on Female Workers in CEPZ Rumana Sultana & Ripan Chatterjee

Work-Life Balance: A Study on Female Workers in CEPZ

Author (s)

Rumana Sultana & Ripan Chatterjee

Abstract

This paper has been conducted with an objective to explore the work-life balance of female workers in Chittagong Export Processing Zone (CEPZ). Different facets is important tools to guide the female work-life balance in Chittagong Export Processing Zone (CEPZ). This survey studies demographic information and personal life factors, support from family, workplace problem arising, workplace support, workload, and others aspects. By using simple random sampling technique, the data has been collected from 200 respondents. Data are analyzed using frequency and percentage. From the frequency and percentage analysis, demographic information and personal life factors, support from family, workplace problem arising, workplace support, workload, and others aspects as the important factors, which significantly effect on female work-life balance in Chittagong Export Processing Zone (CEPZ). In the perspective of Bangladesh, female employees face more hurdles in balancing work and personal life than male employees. This study focuses on female workers experiencing work and personal life conflicts. The significances of this study can be beneficial for both investigators and specialists. For inspectors’, it provides guidelines for thoughtful consciousness designs, level, and their virtual status. Also, this study offers real-world direction and applicable acclamations to the work-life balance and employments experts to inspire the strategies for improving working environment as female working balance subjects are chances to create employment in Export Processing Zone (EPZ). The researchers strongly believe that this paper will create awareness among Export Processing Zone, female workers, government, academicians, politicians, international investors, and the stakeholders.

Key words: work life balance, female workers, CEPZ, influential aspects, Bangladesh.

Download PDF

Title: Work-Life Balance: A Study on Female Workers in CEPZ
Author:

Rumana Sultana & Ripan Chatterjee

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3372646
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 14/08/2019
Date of Publication: 20/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/319.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 195-203
First Page: 195
Last Page: 203
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rumana Sultana & Ripan Chatterjee (2019). Work-Life Balance: A Study on Female Workers in CEPZ. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 195-203. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3372646

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/319.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rumana Sultana (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Business Administration,      Port City International University, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Ripan Chatterjee, Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, Port City International           University, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3372646

Adoption of Real Time Gross Settlement in Bangladesh: A study on some selected banks Anowar Parves

Adoption of Real Time Gross Settlement in Bangladesh: A study on some selected banks

Author (s)

Anowar Parves

Abstract

Economic growth of a country is fostered by the development of financial services. Electronic financial services play an important role in upgradation of payment systems. In recent years, payment system in Bangladesh has undergone a few dramatic changes. In the changes Real Time Gross Settlement(RTGS) is an important element which can be a strong catalyst for development of payment systems in the electronic banking and financial services. Though Bangladesh has adopted some electronic financial services like ATM, Internet Banking, BEFTN, RTGS etc. the rate of embracing these services are still low. Financial services of the country is yet to reach the global banking standard and upgradation is needed in some areas. This study has been done with both primary and secondary sources of data, which included different research articles and newspapers. The purpose of the study is to depict the present scenario of RTGS in the banking system of Bangladesh. This paper has demonstrated the scope and advantages of RTGS as compared to other electronic banking services prevailing in the country. The study has talked about the knowledge differences among the users of payment systems and providers of payment services. This paper seeks to identify the awareness of end-user financial services. The discussion has some limitations and the implication of these have been described.

Key words: Banking, Payment Systems, Electronic Payment, RTGS, Bangladesh.

Download PDF

Title:

Adoption of Real Time Gross Settlement in Bangladesh: A study on some selected banks

Author:

Anowar Parves

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3368564
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 10/08/2019
Date of Publication: 14/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/318.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 184-194
First Page: 184
Last Page: 194
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Parves, A. (2019). Adoption of Real Time Gross Settlement in Bangladesh: A study on some selected banks. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 184-194.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3368564

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/318.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Anowar Parves ACCA, Principal Officer, Janata Bank Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3368564

Democratization in Bangladesh: Past, Present and Future Muhammad Faridul Alam

Democratization in Bangladesh: Past, Present and Future

Author (s)

Muhammad Faridul Alam

Abstract

Bangladesh, after the emergence as an independent state in 16 December, 1971, has not yet been able to glorify itself as a strong democratic nation thought having a wealthy history of democratic struggle. Although there are difficulties in performing democratic practice, the people of Bangladesh are always inspired by democratic ideals and democratic political system as their cherished desires. The liberal democratic  system which has been performed in the West is a distinct theory here, however the fundamental freedom of the people are not realized due to political tensions and lack of consensus on national interest among the major political parties. Thus though having the possibilities of enriching the democratic values and ensuring the development, the process is being hindered. This article will analyze the gradual evolution of democratic movement, problems of present democratic system as well as the prospects of democracy in Bangladesh.

Key words: Liberal Democracy, Political Parties, Egalitarianism, Human Rights, Fundamental Freedom.

Download PDF

Title:

Democratization in Bangladesh: Past, Present and Future

Author:

Muhammad Faridul Alam

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3354341
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 02/07/2019
Date of Publication: 29/07/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/315.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 156-166
First Page: 156
Last Page: 166
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alam, M. F. (2019). Democratization in Bangladesh: Past, Present and Future. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 156-166. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3354341

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/315.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Faridul Alam, Associate Professor, Department Of International Relations, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3354341

Democracy, good governance and development in the nascent democracies: A case study of Nigeria’s fourth republic Bright IGHOROJEH & Biliamin Adekunle ADEYEYE

Democracy, good governance and development in the nascent democracies: A case study of Nigeria’s fourth republic

Author (s)

Bright IGHOROJEH & Biliamin Adekunle ADEYEYE

Abstract

Since its debut in the Greek city state of Athens in the 5th century, Democracy has grown to become one of the most popular forms of government among nations of the word. Overtime too, a common notion suggestive of a positive correlation between democracy, good governance and development seems to have emerged amongst scholars and politicians such that democracy is now considered as a measure of good governance and a catalyst for development. Nigeria chose the path of democracy at independence in 1960. Since then, Nigeria has had four attempts at democratic governance amidst fits of military coup and interregnum. The aim of this paper is to test the veracity of the seemingly held notion of a positive correlation between democracy, good governance and development against evidence based positions in the nascent democracy of Nigeria’s fourth republic. The study observed some deficits of some vital ingredients in the nature and practice of democracy in Nigeria and the fundamentals being the issues of accountability and transparency needed for growth and development in any nation. The study situates the low level development and lack of a positive correlation between democracy, good governance and development on the problems of accountability and transparency in the practice of democracy in Nigeria. The study submits that these problems are not the result of lack of requisite statutes but of statute enforcement. Appropriate recommendations were provided to tackle these problems in order to facilitate much needed growth and development in Nigeria.

Key words: Democracy, Good Governance, Development, Electoral Fraud, Accountability.

Download PDF

Title:

Democracy, good governance and development in the nascent democracies: A case study of Nigeria’s fourth republic

Author:

Bright IGHOROJEH & Biliamin Adekunle ADEYEYE

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3351473
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 19/07/2019
Date of Publication: 25/07/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/317.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 175-183
First Page: 175
Last Page: 183
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ighorojeh, B., & Adeyeye, B. A. (2019). Democracy, good governance and development in the nascent democracies: A case study of Nigeria’s fourth republic. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 175-183.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3351473

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/317.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Bright IGHOROJEH, Senior Lecturer, Department of Political Science, Micheal Otedola College of Primary Education, Noforija-Epe, Lagos, Nigeria.

 Biliamin Adekunle ADEYEYE (Corresponding Author), Researcher & Graduate Student,      Department of Educational Management, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ogun-State, Nigeria.

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3351473

ICT Culture in Quality Education: Open and Distance Learning Perspective in Bangladesh Md. Dulal Mahmud & Sabina Yeasmin

ICT Culture in Quality Education: Open and Distance Learning Perspective in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Dulal Mahmud & Sabina Yeasmin

Abstract

ICT has been a contributing factor in social change and thus leading to development in education. It provides greater access to target learners both on campus as well as the distant learners and has become a vehicle for enriched pedagogical experiences. Education system is still to exploit the full potential of ICT for optimizing human learning. In a developing country like Bangladesh, the question is to bridge the big gap between the ‘have’ and the ‘have not’, which has led to the euphoria of introducing ICT in education. ICT and ODL (Open and Distance Learning) have a symbolic relationship. However, its usage is mainly hampered by low speed, inadequate skills and less awareness of how online technology can improve the productivity, creativity and quality of knowledge work. Today ICT has entered the arena of e-governance starting from ICT literacy and social development. But it has still far from classrooms to create a classroom revolution. It has not percolated to the deeper levels of educational functioning due to various reasons. It is yet to become a culture in the educational sector of Bangladesh. This paper brings into lights the importance of ICT in education, highlights the emerging trends in and various impacts of ICT on primary and secondary education in general and tertiary education in particular, analyzes challenges and opportunities, explore potential future developments and suggests adoption of future strategies so that the nation can prepare its upcoming generations to become global citizens, who can communicate across culture, time and space.

Key words: Education, ICT, Culture, ODL, Pedagogy.

Download PDF

Title: ICT Culture in Quality Education: Open and Distance Learning Perspective in Bangladesh
Author:

Md. Dulal Mahmud & Sabina Yeasmin

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3346863
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 21/07/2019
Date of Publication: 23/07/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/316.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 167-174
First Page: 167
Last Page: 174
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mahmud, M. D. & Yeasmin, S. (2019). ICT Culture in Quality Education: Open and Distance Learning Perspective in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 167-174.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3346863

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/316.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Dulal Mahmud, Lecturer, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur-1705, Bangladesh.

Sabina Yeasmin(Corresponding Author), Professor, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur-1705, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3346863

The Relationship between International and National Courts in Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective Afroza Perveen

The Relationship between International and National Courts in   Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective

Author (s): 

Afroza Perveen

Abstract

For protection of human rights and deter the future crimes, criminal prosecution is only the one way. In this perspective, the establishment of the International Criminal Court is a great achievement in the field of international criminal law. However, the perception of the international scholars, the relationship between international criminal court and the national court is ambiguous. Complementarity nature of the ICC is considered as an enemy of state sovereignty in the eye of international criminal lawyers. Although the principle of complementarity put some challenges to state sovereignty, its supervisory element strengthen the implementation and empower international criminal law at national level where state sovereignty remains unaffected. This paper focuses some broader reflection on how the ICC, through its complementarity principle, is maintaining the relationship with national court and continuing its proceedings with the help of the national courts around the world. It will be agreed upon soon that, Complementarity principle not only helps states to uphold their common interest, but also prevent them from abusing their sovereignty and ensures individual and united security.

Key words: international criminal court, national court, complementarity, sovereignty, international criminal law.

Download PDF

Title:

The Relationship between International and National Courts in   Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective

Author:

Afroza Perveen

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654556
Media:  Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 28/04/2019
Date of Publication: 30/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/314.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 136-155
First Page: 136
Last Page: 155
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Perveen,  A. (2019). The Relationship between International and National Courts in   Prosecuting International Crimes: The Principle of Complementarity Perspective. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 136-155. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654556

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/314.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Afroza Perveen, Lecturer, port city international university, chattogram, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2654556

Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh Afzal Hossain, Meher Neger & Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury

Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh

Author (s): 

Afzal Hossain, Meher Neger & Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury

Abstract

Eco-friendly products are becoming market leader day by day. As a result, it is raising the demand for the eco-friendly products around the world. Green consumption is the buying and non-buying decisions completed by consumers based minimum partly on ecological criteria. Green marketing integrates a wide range of activities, including product alteration, production process variations, packaging variations, price alterations as well as altering the promotional theme. The paper aims to analyze the impact of social media, promotional efforts and reference groups on consumers buying behavior of eco-friendly products in Bangladesh. The study adopts the quantitative analysis of those three aspects that may impact on consumers’ buying behavior. By using convenient and judgmental sampling method, the data has been collected from 200 respondents. Data are analyzed using frequency, mean, standard deviation, correlation analysis, and regression analysis. From the results of regression analysis, this study is discovered that all three such as social media, promotional efforts and reference groups as the vital aspects, which influence consumers buying behavior of eco-friendly products. The study can help greening development along with influential aspects of the consumers buying behavior. The paper deals genuine way and pertinent recommendations to the greening firms. Eco-friendly products producing firms will be promoted finding three aspects of consumers buying behavior.

Key words: eco-friendly products, buying behavior, impact of aspects, Bangladesh.

Download PDF

Title:

Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh

Author:

Afzal Hossain, Meher Neger & Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651055
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 23/04/2019
Date of Publication: 25/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/313.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 126-135
First Page: 126
Last Page: 135
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hossain, A., Neger, M.  & Chowdhury, M. H. K. (2019). Analyzing the Impact of Social Media, Promotional Efforts and Reference Groups on Consumers Buying Behavior of Eco-Friendly Products in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 126-135. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651055

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/313.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Afzal Hossain (Corresponding Author), Lecturer, Department of Business Administration (Professional), Tejgaon College, Bangladesh.

Meher Neger, Associate Professor, Department of Marketing, Cumilla University, Bangladesh.

Md. Humayun Kabir Chowdhury, Professor, Department of Marketing, Jagannath University, Bangladesh.

 

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2651055

Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi Md. Mosharraf Hossain & Sheikh Mohammed Imran

Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi

Author (s): 

Md. Mosharraf Hossain & Sheikh Mohammed Imran

Abstract

Bangladesh is one of the developing countries in the world. Overwhelming property, unemployment, illiteracy, abundant unskilled cheap labor force etc. are the common features of Bangladesh. In this connection Khadi product plays an important role to overcoming the problems by exporting. If the producers fulfill the objectives of Khadi to meet the customer satisfaction by creating new and modern product of Khadi, it can be a leading organization in terms of cottage industry. Many times it is said that cottage industries are inevitable backward and lagging part of the economy.  But economic analysis and practical experience in many countries show that the cottage industries have displayed remarkable persistence and have contributed significantly to the economic development of the country. The commonly perceived merits often emphasized for further promotion especially in the developing country like Bangladesh include their relatively high labor intensity, dependence on indigenous skills and technology contribution entrepreneurship development and innovations of growth of industrial linkage. The case for fostering cottage industry growth in Bangladesh is irrefutable as these industries offer bright prospects for creating large scale employment and income earning opportunity at relatively low cost for unemployment especially rural areas strengthens the efforts towards achieving high and sustainable economic growth.

Key words: Cottage industry, Khadi, Employment, Labor Intensity, Industrial Linkage, Entrepreneur.

 

Download PDF

Title:

Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi

Author:

Md. Mosharraf Hossain & Sheikh Mohammed Imran

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649311
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 20/04/2019
Date of Publication: 23/04/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/312.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-125
First Page: 118
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Hossain, M. M. & Imran, S. M. (2019). Analysis of Cottage Industry in Bangladesh: A case study on Khadi. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 118-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649311

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/312.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Mosharraf Hossain, (Corresponding Author) Department of Business Administration, Port City International University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

 Sheikh Mohammed Imran, Department of Business Administration, Port City International University, Chattogram, Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2649311

Marketing ethics and Stakeholders Commitment in Fast-Food Restaurants in Port Harcourt Authors: Kalu, Sylva Ezema & Enyia, Charles Daniel

Marketing ethics and Stakeholders Commitment in Fast-Food Restaurants in Port Harcourt

Author: 

Kalu, Sylva Ezema & Enyia, Charles Daniel

Abstract

This paper considers the impact of marketing ethics on stakeholders’ commitment in fast food restaurants in Rivers state. Advertizing ethics and pricing ethics were used as the dimensions of  marketing ethics.  25 copies of research instrument were distributed to four fast food restaurants in Rivers state, out of the copies distributed, 91 copies were retrieved and useful for data analyses. The results of our test show that a significant relationship exists between our dimensions and stakeholders commitment. Therefore, it led to the recommendations which proposed that both government and management must ensure that there is a conscious effort in maintaining the standard of ethics within the fast food restaurants.

Key words: Marketing ethics, Stakeholders, Fast-food restaurants, Advertizing ethics, Pricing ethics.

 

Download PDF

Title:

Marketing ethics and Stakeholders Commitment in Fast-Food Restaurants in Port Harcourt

Author:

Sylva Ezema Kalu & Daniel Charles Enyia

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2598143
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 16/03/2019
Date of Publication: 19/03/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/311.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 111-117
First Page: 111
Last Page: 117
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kalu, S. E. & Enyia, D. C. (2019). Marketing ethics and Stakeholders Commitment in Fast-Food Restaurants in Port Harcourt. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 111-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2598143

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/311.pdf

 

About Author

Kalu, Sylva Ezema, (Corresponding Author) Department of Marketing, University of Port Harcourt,    Nigeria.

 Enyia, Charles Daniel, Department of Marketing, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2598143

An Overview of Online Marketing: It’s Present and Future Prospect – A Study in Northern Region of Bangladesh Authors: Md. Abdur Rouf & Md. Ashikul Islam

An Overview of Online Marketing: It’s Present and Future Prospect – A Study in Northern Region of Bangladesh

Author: 

Md. Abdur Rouf & Md. Ashikul Islam

Abstract

The objective of this research is to provide an inside scenario about the internet marketing in Bangladesh. Basically this study investigated the impact of prior purchase experience of customer, product quality, price, availability, distribution system and promotional programs on future purchase intention. Primary data were collected by using Dichotomous scale from the northern region of Bangladesh and the sample size was 150. In the present era, every business organization is using internet for conduction business activities. The Internet has become an indispensable tool for today’s businesses. Bangladesh has also stepped into the arena of e-commerce slowly but surely. Our study found that quality products, attractive promotional activities, efficient distribution channel, awareness about online marketing and product availability positively influenced purchase intention but prior online purchase experience, perceived social benefits and price can’t influence purchase intention in online shopping context. Our study will help the marketer for knowing the factors regarding the purchase intention of customers. The study was limited to the attitudes and perceptions of the selected sample respondents and may not be universally applicable. There was a possibility of the respondent bias in self-reporting perceptions of the survey. Prior research can’t describe the impact of prior purchase experience of customer, product quality, price, availability, distribution system and promotional programs on future purchase intention of customer. Upon the study results some necessary recommendations has been given in this study.

Key words: Online marketing, product quality, price, availability, distribution system and purchase intention.

Download PDF

Title:

An Overview of Online Marketing: It’s Present and Future Prospect – A Study in Northern Region of Bangladesh

Author:

Md. Abdur Rouf & Md. Ashikul Islam

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2592276
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 05/03/2019
Date of Publication: 13/03/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/310.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 97-110
First Page: 97
Last Page: 110
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rouf, M. A. & Islam, M. A. (2019). An Overview of Online Marketing: It’s Present and Future Prospect – A Study in Northern Region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 97-110. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2592276

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/310.pdf

 

About Author

Md. Abdur Rouf, Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh

Md. Ashikul Islam, (Corresponding Author), Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, Victoria University of Bangladesh.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2592276

Relationship Marketing and Customer Loyalty of Nepali Commercial Banks Author: Rajeswor Neupane

Relationship Marketing and Customer Loyalty of Nepali Commercial Banks

Author: 

Rajeswor Neupane

Abstract

The study has been designed to understand the opinions of the respondents regarding relationship marketing practices on customer loyalty in Nepali commercial banks by semi-structured questionnaires. The study has focused on effect of relationship marketing practices variables in the customer loyalty of Nepali commercial banks. The study has used different factors like: trust, communication, conflict handling, and commitment towards customer loyalty. This study has found that the relationship marketing dimensions are responsible for creating customer loyalty. It has also drawn the conclusion that customers tend to believe on immediate response and the act of describing properly about offers and benefits to the customers is vital in sustaining customer loyalty.

. Key words: Communication, Conflict Handling, Customer Loyalty, Trust.

Download PDF ( Waiting for payment)

Title:

Relationship Marketing and Customer Loyalty of Nepali Commercial Banks

Author:

Rajeswor Neupane

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/After_final_publication
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 05/03/2019
Date of Publication: xx/03/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/310.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 97-103
First Page: 97
Last Page: 103
Current Status: Accepted and waiting for payment

Cite This Article:

Neupane, R. (2019). Relationship Marketing and Customer Loyalty of Nepali Commercial Banks. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 97-103. doi: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/310.pdf

 

About Author

Rajeswor Neupane, Associate Professor, Tribhuvan University, Nepal Commerce Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal.

 

Download PDF (Waiting for payment)

DOI: https://doi.org/After_final_publication

Supporting women in ICT and E-Governance in Bangladesh: Challenges and potentials Author: Tasnuva Habib Zisan

Supporting women in ICT and E-Governance in Bangladesh: Challenges and potentials

Author: 

Tasnuva Habib Zisan

Abstract

E- Governance (Electronic Governance) in recent years has been a strategic issue over the world. It includes reshaping public administration process of a country mostly at policy making level to make the traditional governance system more transparent, accountable to the people, efficient and service- oriented. Like other developing countries, Bangladesh is also stepping ahead to achieve E-Governance through increasing usage of Information and communication technologies (ICTs).  With this increasing usage of Information Communication Technology (ICT), a new pattern of domination has been produced, where women are concentrated in the lower level of hierarchy. As usage of ICT by both women and men ensures development of E- Governance and women constitute nearly the half of the total population of Bangladesh, objectives of this research are to identify the potentials of women’s involvement in ICT usage for achieving E-Governance. It also looks at the constraints of women’s involvement in ICT in Bangladesh though the ICT tools usage is increasing sharply. This research has focused on the ways of supporting women in ICT and influence of this effort in achieving true E- Governance in Bangladesh. Government initiatives for making ICT facilities available at grass root levels and vast campaigning for learning usage of ICT, recruitment of women in ICT related jobs and arranging trainings may increase women involvement in ICTs which is obviously a step toward achieving E- Governance. In this study, supporting women in ICT refers to encouraging women for proper usage of information and Communication technology.

Download PDF (Now Inactive)

Title:

Supporting women in ICT and E-Governance in Bangladesh: Challenges and potentials

Author:

Tasnuva Habib Zisan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/After_final_publication
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 06/02/2019
Date of Publication: XX/02/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/310.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 97-107
First Page: 97
Last Page: 109
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Zisan, T. H. (2019) Supporting women in ICT and E-Governance in Bangladesh: Challenges and potentials. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 97-107. doi: https://doi.org/After_final_publication

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/310.pdf

 

About Author

Tasnuva Habib Zisan, Assistant Professor, Department of Public Administration, University of Barishal.

 

Download PDF (Now Inactive)

DOI: https://doi.org/after_final_publication

The Impact of Corporate Governance on Firms’ Performance and Earnings Management: The Case of China’s Listed Firms Authors: Ismaila Sow & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

The Impact of Corporate Governance on Firms’ Performance and Earnings Management: The Case of China’s Listed Firms Authors: Ismaila Sow & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

The Impact of Corporate Governance on Firms’ Performance and Earnings Management: The Case of China’s Listed Firms

Authors: 

Ismaila Sow & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of corporate governance on firms’ performance and on earnings management in China. Previous works, including on India for example, showed that having board independence did not guarantee to improve firm performance due to poor monitoring roles of independent directors. Findings on the United States, the United Kingdom, New Zealand or Korea were not consensual. As China has become a realm for thriving businesses, one question is what are the core values that drive such successes if they are any different from other countries? To study this question, we use available updated data from 2008 to 2014, on 2,098 Chinese’s listed companies for empirical evidence. Firms’ performance was measured using the return on equity, the return on assets and Tobin’s Q ratios whilst “discretionary accruals” was used as a proxy for earnings management. Two different regression models including pooled OLS and fixed effects were used to test our hypotheses. Main findings indicate that CEO duality and larger boards are detrimental to the firm performance. By contrast, firms perform better when a board includes more independent directors. Furthermore, firms with smaller boards have better earnings quality. These results suggest that board size is a key factor for firms’ performance in China. In general, boards do not exceed 22 members in China and the highest share of independent directors is nearly 37% of boards’ seats. These findings may be an important hint for new local ventures as well as for foreign partners willing to cooperate with Chinese firms.

Key words: Corporate Governance, Earnings Management, firm Performance, China’s Listed Firms, CSMAR database.

Download PDF

Title:

The Impact of Corporate Governance on Firms’ Performance and Earnings Management: The Case of China’s Listed Firms

Author:

Ismaila Sow & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550622
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 26/01/2019
Date of Publication: 27/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/309.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 84-96
First Page: 84
Last Page: 96
Current Status: Accepted

Cite This Article:

Sow, I. & Tozo, K. W. (2019) The Impact of Corporate Governance on Firms’ Performance and Earnings Management: The Case of China’s Listed Firms. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 84-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550622

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/309.pdf

 

About Authors

Ismaila Sow, PhD candidate, School of Management, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo(Corresponding Author), Researcher, Institute of New Structural Economics at Peking University & PhD candidate, School of Management, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China

 

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2550622

Analyzing the Extents of the Factors Influential to the Level of Job Satisfaction: A Study on Bankers from Dhaka City’s Private Commercial Banks Authors: Tonmoy Dey, Shohel Md. Nafi, Masum Miah & Mohammad Maruf Uddin

Analyzing the Extents of the Factors Influential to the Level of Job Satisfaction: A Study on Bankers from Dhaka City’s Private Commercial Banks

Authors: 

Tonmoy Dey, Shohel Md. Nafi, Masum Miah & Mohammad Maruf Uddin

Abstract

Job satisfaction depends on employees’ perception and attitude towards their job and the environment where their job belongs to. It is critical to the overall performance and profitability of the organization as there is a strong correlation between job satisfaction and employee motivation as well as productivity. The more satisfied an employee is the more productivity an organization can expect from him. This study is associated with some critical factors upon which job satisfaction mostly depends and the aim of the study is to analyze the extents of the factors influencing the level of job satisfaction with particular focus on bankers from Dhaka City’s Private commercial bank. The study has five dependent variables- working environment, supervision, pay and promotion, performance evaluation and relationship with coworkers. Job satisfaction is considered as the dependent variable. This study is empirical in nature and the overall research is based on both quantitative and qualitative statistical methods such as- Mean, Standard Deviation, Weighted Mean, and Pearson Correlation Analysis. Five hypotheses are tested to achieve overall objectives of the study using ANOVA. 200 employees from 39 private commercial banks within Dhaka city are used as the sample population for the study. After the analysis some recommendations are made for the stakeholders based on the findings with a view to providing some insights regarding job satisfaction and the factors influential to it. The insights of the study can practically be applied to Human Resource (HR) policy and decision making regarding effective HR management.

Key words: Job Satisfaction, Working Environment, Supervision, Pay and Promotion, Performance Evaluation, Coworkers

Download PDF

Title:

Analyzing the Extents of the Factors Influential to the Level of Job Satisfaction: A Study on Bankers from Dhaka City’s Private Commercial Banks

Author:

Tonmoy Dey, Shohel Md. Nafi, Masum Miah & Mohammad Maruf Uddin

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2543438
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 14/01/2019
Date of Publication: 16/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/308.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 72-83
First Page: 72
Last Page: 83
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dey, T., Nafi, S. M., Miah, M. & Uddin, M. M. (2019) Analyzing the Extents of the Factors Influential to the Level of Job Satisfaction: A Study on Bankers from Dhaka City’s Private Commercial Banks. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 72-83. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2543438

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/308.pdf

 

About Authors

Tonmoy Dey, (Corresponding Author), Lecturer, Department of Management Information Systems, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Shohel Md. Nafi, Lecturer, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Masum Miah, Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

Mohammad Maruf Uddin, Undergraduate Student, Department of Business Administration, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali-3814, Bangladesh.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2543438

Factors that influencing Customers satisfaction: A case study from Marketing Branch of PDAM Tirtanadi, Medan Amplas, North Sumatra, Indonesia Authors: Idham Khalid Siregar,  Amrin Fauzi , Sutarman & Yossie Rossanty

Factors that influencing Customers satisfaction: A case study from Marketing Branch of PDAM Tirtanadi, Medan Amplas, North Sumatra, Indonesia Authors: Idham Khalid Siregar, Amrin Fauzi , Sutarman & Yossie Rossanty

Factors that influencing Customers satisfaction: A case study from Marketing Branch of PDAM Tirtanadi, Medan Amplas, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Authors: 

Idham Khalid Siregar,  Amrin Fauzi , Sutarman & Yossie Rossanty

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to analyze dimensions affecting PDAM Tirtanadi customer satisfaction of Medan Amplas marketing branch. Factors affecting customer satisfaction are measured in five dimensions: Tangible, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance and Empathy. The research method is comparative causal by processing the primary data obtained from the research sample and using the multiple regression equation models. To determine the number of samples using Table Isaac and Michael. From Table Isaac and Michael were obtained with a population of 17,398 customers with a 5% error rate, then the sample size was 341 subscribers. From partial t-test, Tangible has a positive effect but has no significant effect on customer satisfaction. Reliability partially has a positive effect but has no significant effect on customer satisfaction. Responsiveness partially has a positive and significant influence on customer satisfaction. Assurance partially has a positive and significant influence on customer satisfaction. Empathy partially has a positive and significant influence on customer satisfaction. We suggested to PDAM Tirtanadi, especially marketing department of Medan Amplas to improve service especially dimension of responsiveness, assurance, and empathy. The enhancement efforts are a) Performing a water account payment system online to run well as expected. b) Conducting a new online water register payment system in order to run well as expected. c) Optimize Halo Tirtanadi d) Providing training to customer service in order to service the customers who complain. e) Giving rewards to customer. f) Regarding improving the quality of good water that consumers obtain. g) Regarding the increasing quantity of water. h) In terms of increasing the continuity of water in the community.

Key words: Customer Satisfaction, Tangible, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy

and Services.

Download PDF

Title:

Factors that influencing Customers satisfaction: A case study from Marketing Branch of PDAM Tirtanadi, Medan Amplas, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Author:

Idham Khalid Siregar,  Amrin Fauzi , Sutarman & Yossie Rossanty

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2542696
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 13/01/2019
Date of Publication: 15/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/307.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 63-71
First Page: 63
Last Page: 71
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Siregar, I. K., Fauzi, A., Sutarman, & Rossanty, Y. (2019) Factors that influencing Customers satisfaction: A case study from Marketing Branch of PSAM Tirtanadi, Medan Amplas, North Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 63-71. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.2542696

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/307.pdf

 

 

About Authors

Idham Khalid Siregar, (Corresponding Author), Postgraduate Program, Magister Management,  Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Amrin Fauzi, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Sutarman, Faculty of Math and Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Yossie Rossanty, Visiting Lecturer, Postgraduate Program, Magister Management, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

 

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2542696

Analysis of Influence of Training, Emotional Intelligence, and Organizational Culture to Employees performance at STTP Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia Authors: Hidayat, Yeni Absah, Rulianda Purnomo Wibowo & Siti Asiah

Analysis of Influence of Training, Emotional Intelligence, and Organizational Culture to Employees performance at STTP Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia Authors: Hidayat, Yeni Absah, Rulianda Purnomo Wibowo & Siti Asiah

Analysis of Influence of Training, Emotional Intelligence, and Organizational Culture to Employees performance at STTP Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Authors: 

Hidayat ,  Yeni Absah, Rulianda Purnomo Wibowo & Siti Asiah

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of training, emotional intelligence, and organizational culture on employee performance simultaneously or partially. The purpose of the research is to obtain effective policy formulation as an improvement of employee performance. All employees of higher education are 46 people as research respondents. This type of research is quantitative descriptive. Data collection was conducted by distributing questionnaires directly to employees and with secondary data. Data analysis model using a multiple linear regression model. The results indicated that training, emotional intelligence, and organizational culture significantly affected the performance of employees simultaneously and partially. The emotional intelligence variables become the most influential variables on employee performance, followed by organizational training and culture variables. We suggested as follow (1) Providing training to employees according to the needs of employees. (2) Entering spiritual activities once a month to each employee’s house on a rotation which is followed by all members of the family of the employee (3) Paste the organization culture slogan infrequently visited places and easily seen. (4) Conducting the control of the attendance of employees in the office.

Key words: Training, Emotional Intelligence, Organization Culture, Human Resources and Employees Performance

Download PDF

Title:

Analysis of Influence of Training, Emotional Intelligence, and Organizational Culture to Employees performance at STTP Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia

Author:

Hidayat ,  Yeni Absah, Rulianda Purnomo Wibowo & Siti Asiah

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2542677
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 13/01/2019
Date of Publication: 17/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/306.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 52-62
First Page: 52
Last Page: 62
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hidayat, Absah, Y., Wibowo, R. P. & Asiah, S. (2019) Analysis of Influence of Training, Emotional Intelligence, and Organizational Culture to Employees performance at STTP Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 52-62. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2542677

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/306.pdf

 

 

About Authors

Hidayat, (Corresponding Author), Postgraduate Program, Magister Management, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Yeni Absah, Faculty of Economics & Business , Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Rulianda Purnomo Wibowo, Faculty of Agricultural Business, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Siti Asiah, Professional & Consultant

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2542677

Factors Influencing Capital Structure on Firm’s Value: A Study on DSE Listed Companies Author: Md. Edrich Molla

Factors Influencing Capital Structure on Firm’s Value: A Study on DSE Listed Companies Author: Md. Edrich Molla

Factors Influencing Capital Structure on Firm’s Value: A Study on DSE Listed Companies

Authors: 

Md. Edrich Molla

Abstract

Using a panel of listed companies on the DSE, researcher investigates the association of capital structure on firm value and investigates the capital structure of firms in Bangladesh. This current study focuses that the results of the analysis on the relevance of capital structure on firm value indicated, there is no statistically significant relationship between firm value and the capital structure of firms. This analysis was conducted for the general sample of firms in the study, within industries and by firm size; however, the results were consistent throughout all the analysis.  The analysis of the Bangladeshi firms’ capital structure indicated that firms in Bangladesh tend to use more long-term debt than short-term debt. The leverage ratios also differed among industries with the Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals having the highest levels of leverage and the Textile industry having the lowest levels of leverage. The results of the capital structure and its determinants analysis indicated that Bangladeshi firms followed a pecking order theory. The results also indicated that profitability, size, asset tangibility and tax shield has a statistically significant relationship to gearing or the firm’s capital structure.

Key words: Globalization, Liberalization, Capitalism, Poverty, Inequality and Developing Countries.

Download PDF

Title:

Factors Influencing Capital Structure on Firm’s Value: A Study on DSE Listed Companies

Author:

Md. Edrich Molla

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2539383
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 13/01/2019
Date of Publication: 15/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/305.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 37-51
First Page: 37
Last Page: 51
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Molla, M. E. (2019) Factors Influencing Capital Structure on Firm’s Value: A Study on DSE Listed Companies. International Journal of Science and Business,3(1), 37-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2539383

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/305.pdf

 

About Authors

Md. Edrich Molla, (Corresponding Author), Coordinator & Lecturer of Finance, Department of Business Administration, Victoria University of Bangladesh, Panthapath, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2539383

Globalization: Blessing or Curse for the Economy of the Developing Countries? Authors: Md. Sabit Bin Islam & Mushfiqul Haque Mukit

Globalization: Blessing or Curse for the Economy of the Developing Countries? Authors: Md. Sabit Bin Islam & Mushfiqul Haque Mukit

Globalization: Blessing or Curse for the Economy of the Developing Countries?

Authors: 

Md. Sabit Bin Islam & Mushfiqul Haque Mukit

Abstract

Nowadays globalization is a debatable topic regarding the economic growth of the developing countries around the world. This paper tries to determine the aspects associated with this argument and explains the effects of globalization in the developing countries in three important and co-related fields i.e. economic and trade processes, education and health systems and culture on the basis of some of the scholars’ arguments expressed on the subject. In the recent past, there have been the pros and cons of globalization in developing countries. Some argue that globalization is indeed a curse to the developing countries as it can neither be rejected nor fully be applied to its national policy. However, many others suggest that globalization should be looked at in all its manifestations and from different angles it is a blessing for those countries. In order to address this issue, when considered from the economic perspective, the negative economic impacts of globalization should be minimized and exportable capacity of the developing countries’ economy in the global market should be maximized in a gradual manner. In practice the study will give the practitioners and the relevant part the knowledge to improve business in developing countries.

Key words: Globalization, Liberalization, Capitalism, Poverty, Inequality and Developing Countries.

Download PDF

Title:

Globalization: Blessing or Curse for the Economy of the Developing Countries?

Author:

Md. Sabit Bin Islam & Mushfiqul Haque Mukit

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2536402
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 08/01/2019
Date of Publication: 10/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/304.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 29-36
First Page: 29
Last Page: 36
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Islam, M. S. B. & Mukit, M. H. (2019) Globalization: A blessing or a curse for the economy of the developing countries? . International Journal of Science and Business,3(1), 29-36. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2536402

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/304.pdf

 

About Authors

Md. Sabit Bin Islam (Corresponding Author), Master of Business Administration, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh

Mushfiqul Haque Mukit, MA in Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

 

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2536402

 Cite This Article

[zotpress items=”{4758972:5RA3BZ6T}” style=”apa”]

AI foundations of the international business planning and the AI consciousness model Laskai András

AI foundations of the international business planning and the AI consciousness model

Author: 

Laskai András

Abstract

With the continuous development of data mining instruments we acquire increasingly accurate and deep knowledge regarding the processes and network correlations related to business planning that can be considered one of the cornerstones of the world of business. During data mining activity patterns can be derived that provide assistance in the analysis of basic correlations. The most widely accepted analysis methods are hybrid data mining models and instruments, and within those neural networks that model the functioning of the human brain, which provide an avenue for the discovery and understanding of deeper correlations. By the application of data mining a consciousness model can be formulated, which evaluates and analyzes company movements, operations and decision making mechanisms. Data mining is one of the most important current paradigms of advanced business analyses and decision making instruments. It is a multidisciplinary approach that applies various techniques in the areas of statistics, machine learning and databases. One of the special branches of data mining inspects the correlations of financial balance sheets and reports as well as their derived indicators. In the case of this method, data mining provides the identification of data patterns in an innovative and ultimately interpretable manner. Data mining makes it possible for organizations to identify the statistical correlations between performance indicators more easily. In connection with this, by using hybrid data mining instruments the conscious operation of a specific company unit can be defined. By mapping conscious operations research may get closer to the mapping of the Unified Field.

Key words: Data mining, AI, International Business Planning, Financial instruments, Consciousness

Download PDF

Title:

AI foundations of the international business planning and the AI consciousness model

Author:

Laskai András

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2528330
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 26/12/2018
Date of Publication: 02/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/303.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 17-28
First Page: 17
Last Page: 28
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Laskai, A.  (2019) “AI  foundations of the international business planning and the AI consciousness model “. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 17-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2528330

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/303.pdf

 

About Author

Dr. Laskai András, (PhD-candidate), University of Sopron, István Széchenyi Management and Organisation Sciences Doctoral School, Sopron, Hungary.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2528330

Consciousness system approaches and the financial instruments Author: Laskai András

Consciousness system approaches  and the financial instruments

Author: 

Laskai András

Abstract

Understanding the business planning of companies and their financial instruments is impossible without understanding consciousness as a cross-section network. The present study introduces a specific approach to the structure of consciousness, in the mirror of professional literature approaches. The world of business and basic economic models are comprised of complex elements. The appearance of human decisions in accounting reports is one of the end points of this consciousness. International Business Planning and its partial elements, Financial Instruments are the end points of Conscious Business and the entire superstructure. The complete structure is arranged according to the same basic principles. Financial processes can be parallel modelled from multiple aspects with quantum processes. Fundamentally, the appearance of human decisions in accounting reports is one of the end points of limitless consciousness. The conscious organization as a constantly learning innovative organization. The factors of consciousness are valid for the conscious business as well. The test of a truly conscious company is the capacity to learn from experiences, and thereby its capability to grow, to become even stronger and more committed in the direction of consciousness. Consciousness, just as company business planning has a survival value. Just as in the case of an individual, business planning, as one of the manifestations of consciousness, provides operational advantages to the organization. Consciousness as a concept has become a defining factor of business planning. The model and the selection system are applicable to all areas of economics, and can be further developed independent of the type of company groups.

Key words: Data mining, Artificial network, International Business Planning, Financial instruments, Consciousness

Download PDF

Title:

Consciousness system approaches  and the financial instruments

Author:

Laskai András

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2097992
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 22/12/2018
Date of Publication: 02/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/302.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 7-15
First Page: 7
Last Page: 15
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Laskai, A. (2019).Consciousness system approaches  and the financial instruments. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 7-15. doi:https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.2528355

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/302.pdf

 

 

About Author

Dr. Laskai András, (PhD-candidate), University of Sopron, István Széchenyi Management and Organisation Sciences Doctoral School, Sopron, Hungary.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2528355

Consciousness and the International Business Planning Autor: Laskai András

Consciousness and the International Business Planning

Author: 

Laskai András

Abstract

The most significant background motivational force of this study is GNR, the advent of artificial intelligence, which this study to be the most important transformation of the century. Data mining instruments become the driving force of development. Companies use systems applying artificial intelligence for intelligent data mining in every sector of industry. This intelligent data mining allows the system to make astonishingly accurate predictions regarding what quantity will be needed of each product in specific size businesses. In this correlation the system of relationships transforms from the aspect of consciousness as well. From the aspect of the above, the theoretical part of my present work is constituted by the theoretical foundation of consciousness, and as methodological support I applied software using data mining artificial intelligence, never before used self-developed data extraction models and programs as well as software developments expediting applied research, in summary hybrid data mining instruments. My present work creates a model of consciousness, in the cross section of the correlations of financial instruments constituting the business planning of international companies. The consciousness boundary values described in theoretical professional literature are mostly identical with the results of my analyses. The model and the selection system are applicable to all areas of economics, and can be further developed independent of the type of company groups.

Key words: Data mining, Artificial network, International Business Planning, Financial instruments, Consciousness

Download PDF

Title:

Consciousness and the International Business Planning

Author:

Laskai András

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2528383
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 22/12/2018
Date of Publication: 02/01/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/301.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-6
First Page: 1
Last Page: 6
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Laskai, A. (2019). Consciousness and the International Business Planning. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(1), 1-6. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2528383

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/301.pdf

 

 

About Author

Dr. Laskai András, (PhD-candidate), University of Sopron, István Széchenyi Management and Organisation Sciences Doctoral School, Sopron, Hungary.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2528383