Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives Samia Tariq

Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives

Author (s)

Samia Tariq

Abstract

Selection of the appropriate entry mode for internationalization is a crucial decision. Global firms contemplating foreign direct investment may incur huge costs due to wrong selection of entry mode. Environment, as a non-controllable factor, should guide these firms to choose a pertinent entry mode. This conceptual paper provides key propositions of the potential impact of entry mode selection on the success of the firm, building on resource dependency theory and contingency theory. The study proposes that the choice of entry mode selection by internationalizing Chinese firms, targeting developing as well as developed economies, is contingent on the level of environmental uncertainty and risk profile of the host country. The study highlights significant environmental factors as prime determinants of the selection of an entry mode. The proposed framework can serve as a guideline for global firms to choose the host market depending on the nature of environmental factors. Choosing right entry mode will help them to reduce failures arising from the wrong choice of entry mode. Future empirical studies should test the framework to add to the international business literature.

Key words: Resource dependence theory (RDT), Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI), Emerging Market Multinational Companies (EMNCs), Mergers & Acquisitions (M&As), Greenfield Investments, Joint Ventures (JVs).

Download PDF

Title: Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives
Author: Samia Tariq
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/400.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 173-182
First Page: 173
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Review Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Samia Tariq (2019). Choice of Market Entry Mode is Contingent on Environment: Integrating the Resource Dependence and Contingency Theory Perspectives, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 173-182. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/400.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Samia Tariq, PhD Scholar, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415347

Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives Tariq Hameed Alvi

Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives

Author (s)

Tariq Hameed Alvi

Abstract

This study contends that Resource Dependence Theory and Political Economy are pertinent perspectives to investigate drivers of Outward FDI from China by integrating them with other frameworks such as OLI-Framework, Collusion-and-Rivalry Framework, and Three-Stage Model of OFDI for Developing Countries. In so doing, it develops four fundamental propositions. First, OFDI from China will grow further in the coming years. Second, China’s increasing emphasis on North-Atlantic is attributed to the intent of Chinese MNEs to move to the higher end of the value chain. Third, the Chinese MNEs will move to more market-driven transactions after Chinese MNEs become prevalent in international markets. Fourth, Chinese MNEs will focus more on services than manufacturing in the years to come. The author hopes that these propositions will encourage empirical research on OFDI from China. The accuracy of these propositions, however, is contingent on the harmonious relationship between China and the host countries.

Key words: Multinational Enterprises (MNEs), Outward Foreign Direct Investment (OFDI), Inward Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs), Resource Dependence Theory (RDT), OLI-Framework, Collusion-and-Rivalry framework, and Three-stage model of OFDI.

Download PDF

Title: Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives
Author: Tariq Hameed Alvi
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415225
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/09/2019
Date of Publication: 16/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/399.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 163-172
First Page: 163
Last Page: 172
Paper Type: Review Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Tariq Hameed Alvi (2019). Outward FDI of Mainland Chinese MNEs: Its Drivers and the Way Forward from the Resource Dependence and Political Economy Perspectives, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 163-172. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3415225

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/399.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tariq Hameed Alvi, PhD Scholar, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3415225

The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika

The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia

Author (s)

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika

Abstract

The central purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia and to determine whether this arrangement is beneficial or not for Namibia. For this concern, the paper uses the VECM method of estimation with two equations with yearly data covering the period of 1990 and 2018. The empirical results indicated that there is a negative statistically significance relationship between REER and export also between REER and FDI leading then into the expensiveness of the local production of goods & services in international markets and lose competitiveness hence worsening the BoP. On the other hand, when REER depreciates foreign direct investment flows to Namibia increases. Despite the two results, FDI is the key vital engine for Namibia’s export. This can be noticed in the mining sector which is the main sector whose Namibia’s export is dependent on. The paper suggests that, pegging to the rand is an appropriate exchange rate regime for Namibia. However, Namibia should consider exploring macro-economic policy independence and be involved in the determination of exchange rate within the CMA framework in order to avoid further deterioration of BoP. The paper also further suggested that Namibia should reduce its dependency on import by promoting the base of its manufacturing and other sectors as this will help to protect itself from changes in foreign price developments particularly from South Africa. The study will help the Namibian policies makers to pay a closer attention to exchange rate regime policies and the researchers in their academic works.

Key words: Exchange Rate regime, Export, FDI, GDP and VECM.

Download PDF

Title: The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia
Author: AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3386775
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 31/08/2019
Date of Publication: 05/09/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/396.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 133-151
First Page: 133
Last Page: 151
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed & NANKELA Ndinelago Monika (2019). The impact of exchange rate regime on Balance of payments in Namibia, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 133-151. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3386775

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/396.pdf

 

About Author (s)

AFOLABI Tunde Ahmed (corresponding author), Doctorate candidate at UIBE in International Economics,  Policy Analyst and  Research Assistant at the University of Peking (P.R.China)  in  Special  Economic  Zones  in  Sub-Saharan  Countries, China.

NANKELA Ndinelago Monika, Former student at CUEB in China and now Custom Officer.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3386775

Effects of Snail Supplemented Feed on Quail (Corturnix Japonica) Production Swopan khalko, Rakibul Islam, Md. Mahmudul Hasan , Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Md. Niamul shahadat

Effects of Snail Supplemented Feed on Quail (Corturnix Japonica) Production

Author (s)

Swopan khalko, Rakibul Islam, Md. Mahmudul Hasan , Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Md. Niamul shahadat

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Snail supplemented diet on production performances of Japanese quail. A total of 120, day old quails were assigned into four groups T0, T1, T2 and T3, each group contained 10 birds with 3 replication. Group T0 was considered as control formulated diet without snail. Groups T1, T2 and T3 fed also formulated diet supplemented with 1%, 2% and 3% snail respectively. Live body weight, body weight gain, plasma calcium and phosphorus level were determined at the age of 15, 30, 45 and 60 days of quail. Number of egg, egg weight, yolk and albumin index, Egg shape index, parameters were started from the day of 45 to end of the experiment. Although of the T1 on day 30, 45 & 60 live body weights were not significantly (p>0.05) increased, the birds of T2 and T3 were  significantly increased from the control birds without snail. Number of egg, egg weight, yolk and albumin index, Egg shape index were almost similar among different treatment groups. Plasma Calcium and phosphorus level were higher among the treatment groups compared to the control and differed significantly (p<0.01). The present study revealed that the supplementation of snail in the quail feed ration were effective improve the performance in quail.

Key words: Snail, Japanese quail, Feed, Egg, Growth performance, Plasma Calcium and Phosphorus.

Download PDF

Title: Effects of Snail Supplemented Feed on Quail (Corturnix Japonica) Production
Author:

Swopan khalko, Rakibul Islam, Md. Mahmudul Hasan , Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Md. Niamul shahadat

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3378730
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 24/08/2019
Date of Publication: 27/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/394.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 122-132
First Page: 122
Last Page: 132
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Swopan khalko, Rakibul Islam, Md. Mahmudul Hasan , Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez & Md. Niamul shahadat(2019). Effects of Snail Supplemented Feed on Quail (Corturnix Japonica) Production, International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 122-132. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3378730

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/394.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Swopan khalko, (corresponding author), MS student, Department of Physiology &  Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

Rakibul Islam, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

Mst. Misrat Masuma Parvez, Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

Md. Niamul shahadat Department of Physiology & Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Science, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3378730

School Management: Proposition of a Management Model Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Emiliano Estigarribia Canese

School Management: Proposition of a Management Model

Author (s)

Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Emiliano Estigarribia Canese

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a model for management education in public schools. The education comprises several actors and aspects that involve political processes, operational and teaching. There is a tendency to treat the school management in public schools only from a political point of view and pedagogical, reducing the importance of the management procedures, which impairs the school autonomy and reduces the empowerment of the environment as a space the construction of competences to exercise full citizenship. To outline the procedures, the first step was to use a bibliometric research, measuring the network of relationships between authors, year of publication of articles and density, in the second moment was performed a content analysis and confirmatory factorial to identify the relationship of words in the group and between the groups, finally it was proposed a model for school management. Due to these characteristics, this study is a theoretical essay. As a conclusion, the model of the wheel of school management, has 17 items to be observed in the management. This study can be applied in school management, primarily the public.

Key words: School Management, Participatory Management, Autonomy, Multicultural Society, Democracy.

Download PDF

Title: School Management: Proposition of a Management Model
Author:

Alequexandre Galvez de Andrade, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Emiliano Estigarribia Canese

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3375383
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 18/08/2019
Date of Publication: 23/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/392.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 99-108
First Page: 99
Last Page: 108
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alequexandre galvez de Andrade, Nélio Fernando dos Reis & Emiliano Estigarribia Canese (2019). School Management: Proposition of a Management Model. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 99-108.  doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3375383

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/392.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Alequexandre galvez de Andrade (corresponding author),, Students of the Doctoral   Program of the Universidad Columbia del Paraguay, Lecture at the Instituto Federal de São Paulo, Department of Administration.

Nélio Fernando dos Reis, Lecture at the Instituto Federal de São Paulo, Department of  Aministration.

Emiliano Estigarribia Canese, Lecturer of the doctoral program in Business Administration from the Universidad Columbia del Paraguay.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3375383

Factors affect Canadian Women Purchase Intention in Green Cosmetics in the Frame of Moral Obligation, Green Trust, Self-Identity, Health, Social Value, and Satisfaction Ola Altabbaa & Muge Ors

Factors affect Canadian Women Purchase Intention in Green Cosmetics in the Frame of Moral Obligation, Green Trust, Self-Identity, Health, Social Value, and Satisfaction

Author (s)

Ola Altabbaa & Muge Ors

Abstract

Subsequently to the international trend of the obligation to preserve environment, the cosmetic’s companies made their priorities to preserve the environment and supports the utilization of products that aims at maintaining the preservation of environment, and facing pollution. The answer of this trend was the green marketing, which focuses on the effective use of resources and aimed at giving the best value to customers and other parties without neglecting the long-term environmental and social needs. And this study goal is to investigate the relationship between green cosmetic purchase intention and the factors effect on green cosmetic purchase intention such as moral obligation, green trust, green self-identity, health consciousness, social value and satisfaction. The methodology used for this study is the quantitative method by distributing surveys on Canadian women. The founding of the study that there is a positive relation between purchase intention and social value, satisfaction and self identity, while we couldn’t find a relation between green purchase intention and green trust, moral obligation, and health consciousness.

Key words: Green Cosmetics, Green Trust, Green Purchase Intention, Satisfaction, Social Value, Self-Identity, Health, Moral Obligation.  

Download PDF

Title:

Factors affect Canadian Women Purchase Intention in Green Cosmetics in the Frame of Moral Obligation, Green Trust, Self-Identity, Health, Social Value, and Satisfaction

Author:

Ola Altabbaa & Muge Ors

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3369613
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 14/08/2019
Date of Publication: 16/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/388.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 42-58
First Page: 42
Last Page: 58
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ola Altabbaa & Muge Ors (2019). Factors affect Canadian Women Purchase Intention in Green Cosmetics in the Frame of Moral Obligation, Green Trust, Self-Identity, Health, Social Value, and Satisfaction. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 42-58.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3369613

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/388.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ola Altabbaa (corresponding author), Department Business Administration, Istanbul Aydin         University, Turkey.

Muge Ors, Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, Istanbul Aydin University, Turkey.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3369613

Cinema, Media and Society: Futuristic perceptions – three iconic scientific fictions and their main characters Luis Cardoso & Aline Negromonte

Cinema, Media and Society: Futuristic perceptions – three iconic scientific fictions and their main characters

Author (s)

Luis Cardoso & Aline Negromonte

Abstract

This article examines three works of Science Fiction, each one relevant for the time period in which they were created and also of their timeless character: Metropolis (1927), of Fritz Lang, Matrix (1999), of Lily e Lana Wachowski, and Arrival (2016), of Denis Villeneuve. The goal is to analyze their main characters, through the ideas of Chatman and The Hero´s Journey of Campbell (1988), and establish a parallelism between the characters in the three films. For this purpose, the narratology method is utilized.

Key words: Media, Society, Cinema, Science Fiction, Future.

 

Download PDF

Title:

Cinema, Media and Society: Futuristic perceptions – three iconic scientific fictions and their main characters

Author:

Luis Cardoso & Aline Negromonte

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3363880
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 02/08/2019
Date of Publication: 08/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/385.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 01-14
First Page: 01
Last Page: 14
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Cardoso, L.  & Negromonte, A. (2019). Cinema, Media and Society: Futuristic perceptions – three iconic scientific fictions and their main characters. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 01-14.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3363880

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/385.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Luis Cardoso (corresponding author), PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre and Centre of Comparative Studies, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Aline Negromonte, Journalism and Communication Degree, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, Portugal.

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3363880

Cinema, Media and Society: The Trilogy of Life by Alejandro González Iñarritu Luis Cardoso & Aline Negromonte

Cinema, Media and Society: The Trilogy of Life by Alejandro González  Iñarritu

Author (s)

Luis Cardoso & Aline Negromonte

Abstract

This article intends to analyze three works of Mexican director Alejandro González Iñárritu, pieces of his Trilogy of Life: Amores Perros (2000), 21 Grams (2003) and Babel (2006). The goal is to highlight and mark a kind of character in each one of the films, considering as a criterion the focus on masculine characters, given the situation of the lacking specific main characters in the entire trilogy. The methodology used is narratology. This essay aims to explain the complex world of this trilogy, analyse characters and key issues, in order to understand the perspective of the director and his objectives when he created this trilogy.

Key words: Media, Society, Cinema, Trilogy, Iñarritu.

 

Download PDF

Title:

Cinema, Media and Society: The Trilogy of Life by Alejandro González  Iñarritu

Author:

Luis Cardoso & Aline Negromonte

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3362904
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 02/08/2019
Date of Publication: 08/08/2019
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/386.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 15-29
First Page: 15
Last Page: 29
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Cardoso, L.  & Negromonte, A. (2019). Cinema, Media and Society: The Trilogy of Life by Alejandro González  Iñarritu. International Journal of Science and Business, 3(5), 15-29.   doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3362904

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/386.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Luis Cardoso (corresponding author), PhD, Full Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre and Centre of Comparative Studies, University of Lisbon, Portugal.

Aline Negromonte, Journalism and Communication Degree, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, Portugal.

 

 Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3362904