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Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives A. G. Al-Morshed

Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives

Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed

Abstract

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International labor migration contributes to the economy of Bangladesh in the context of reducing unemployment and earnings through remittances. According to government statistics, total population of Bangladesh is 16 crore 37 lakh and labour force is 6 crore 35 lakh with 27 lakh as unemployed. Every year 2 million labour force is being added Bangladeshi labour market and around 1 million usually for overseas employment in 165 countries around the world.  Time series data shows that about 80% percent of the total expatriate workers of Bangladesh migrated to MECs like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait and others. This paper aims at finding the labour market context at homeland and the economic causes of migration. Both primary and secondary sources of data are used in this study. Primary data have been collected through a questionnaire survey from three districts with most migrants and 227 respondents were calculated based on 95% confidence level of sample selection. The study reveals that the limitations and deficiencies of internal labour market like lack of new job creation, low productivity, very low employment elasticity, low female participation rate etc. are prevailing in internal labour market of Bangladesh, which creates the situation of unemployment. While analyzing the economic drivers of migration it is found that Bangladeshi workers go abroad to enjoy better employment opportunity, reduce poverty at home and  uplift life standard and so on. If the weaknesses in the domestic labour market can be taken care of, the employment of workers at home will increase and at the same time an environment may be created for overseas employment at higher wages. From this perspective, this study may help policy makers and concerned stakeholders to make appropriate policies and take actions accordingly.

Keywords: Labour Market, Labour force, Migration, Middle Eastern Countries, Unemployment.

 

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Title:Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives
Author:A. G. Al-Morshed
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:24/10/2021
Date of Publication:13/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/844.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:29-43
First Page:29
Last Page:43
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

A. G. Al-Morshed (2021). Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 29-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/844.pdf

 

About Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed, PhD Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975

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An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020 Shahnaz Parvin

An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020

Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin

Abstract

­

This study aims at analyzing the effect of the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and interest rate on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as well as the nature of them in Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020 years. For accomplishing the objectives, this study uses the Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) co-integration approach. The bound test provides a long run relationship of the explanatory variables with the dependent variable. The result of error correction representation of the short run dynamics reveals that a self –adjusting mechanism of -0.452 exists. In the long run, FDI has a positive impact on the GDP which is statistically significant at 1% level. On the contrary, FDI, interest rate and the lagged GDP have significant influence on the economics growth which is also statistically significant (p<0.05). This study finds a higher FDI leads to better economic growth as well as higher interest rate may lead decline in the GDP. So, policy makers should adopt policies in favor of the positive FDI for having higher economic growth although it has many conflicts between higher GDP and economic wellbeing.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest Rate, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Economics Growth, Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL).

 

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Title:An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020
Author:Shahnaz Parvin
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5658401
Media:Online & Print
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:7/11/2021
Date of Publication:9/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/843.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:19-28
First Page:19
Last Page:28
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shahnaz Parvin (2021). An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 19-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5658401

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/843.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin (corresponding author), Associate Professor, Department of Finance & Banking (FIB), Faculty of Business Studies, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5658401

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The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China Ma Ji Qiang

The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China

Author (s)

Ma Ji Qiang

Abstract

­Enterprises are the cells of the economic system and society, the majority of workers and the government have close ties with enterprises, the occurrence of the financial crisis is, on the surface, an economic problem, but also a social problem.  After more than 40 years of reform and opening up, Chinese companies have accumulated richer growth experience. However, realizing the sustainable growth of enterprises is still a major issue that enterprises are actively exploring. That is to say, what forces should the growth of enterprises rely on and what is the fundamental driving force to promote the growth of enterprises. This paper discusses these issues from the perspective of enterprise cohesion. This paper takes a foreign trade conference as an opportunity, where the participating enterprises came from all over the country and the distribution is representative. The paper uses questionnaire surveys to measure corporate cohesion from two dimensions: interpersonal cohesion and task cohesion. The influencing factors of cohesion in the growth of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises are analyzed. This paper provides a brief introduction to the cohesion components of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises, and focuses on four aspects of the enterprise: attractiveness cohesion, structural cohesion, maintenance cohesion, and external environment. It analyzes the influencing factors of cohesion from different levels, and puts forward the paths and measures to cultivate and protect the cohesion of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises in China.

Keywords: Cohesion, Foreign trade enterprises, Growth, Survey.

 

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Title:The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China
Author:Ma Ji Qiang
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583
Media:Online & Print
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:5/11/2021
Date of Publication:6/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/842.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:12-18
First Page:12
Last Page:18
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ma Ji Qiang (2021). The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 12-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/842.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Ma Ji Qiang, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583

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Impacts of Covid-19 Pandemic on RMG Sector: A Study of Bangladesh Rozina Aktar, Sumaiya Siddika, Sumaya Khan Auntu, Md. Mahofuzur Rahman & ATM Adnan

Impacts of Covid-19 Pandemic on RMG Sector: A Study of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Rozina Aktar, Sumaiya Siddika, Sumaya Khan Auntu, Md. Mahofuzur Rahman & ATM Adnan

Abstract

­Bangladesh is a lower-middle-income country within South Asia, possessing impressive track records regarding growth and development during the last five decades. In this glorious history of development, the Ready-made Garment (RMG) industries have a good share of contribution. Approximately, 85% of foreign direct investment (FDI) is encouraged by this sector. Due to the drastic spreading of this COVID-19 pandemic in December 2019, the entire world economy had collapsed. Most of the countries had adopted immediate lockdown for survival, as the world had experienced a huge amount of death toll. In this regard, Bangladesh is not an exception. The Bangladesh government decided to lock down all institutional activities like RMG industries, schools, colleges, corporate offices, etc. to deal with this pandemic that is yet to leave the black spots behind in the economic sectors and that will invite difficulties in tackling the post-COVID-19 situation. This paper focuses on examining the existing situation faced by the ready-made garments industries and how it affects the huge number of garment workers. The paper follows the research question- How does the COVID-19 pandemic create a drastic impact on ready-made garment industries in Bangladesh? Furthermore, the paper uses a qualitative research method to build arguments beyond the toxic experiences of the RMG sectors in Bangladesh during this COVID-19 crisis and provides recommendations to overcome those.

Keywords: COVID-19, RMG industry, Potential impacts, Lockdown, Bangladesh economy.

 

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Title:Impacts of Covid-19 Pandemic on RMG Sector: A Study of Bangladesh
Author:Rozina Aktar, Sumaiya Siddika, Sumaya Khan Auntu, Md. Mahofuzur Rahman & ATM Adnan
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5623853
Media:Online & Print
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:28/10/2021
Date of Publication:30/10/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/841.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:1-11
First Page:1
Last Page:11
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Rozina Aktar, Sumaiya Siddika, Sumaya Khan Auntu, Md. Mahofuzur Rahman & ATM Adnan (2021). Impacts of Covid-19 Pandemic on RMG Sector: A Study of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5623853

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/841.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rozina Aktar (corresponding author), Department of Apparel Merchandising and Management, BGMEA University of Fashion & Technology, Bangladesh. Email: rozina.aktar@buft.edu.bd

Sumaiya Siddika, Department of Economics, Mawlana Bhashani Science & Technology University, Bangladesh.

Sumaya Khan Auntu, Department of International Relations, Bangladesh University of Professionals, Bangladesh.

Md. Mahofuzur Rahman, Department of Business Administration, Port City International University, Bangladesh.

ATM Adnan, Department of Business Administration, BGMEA University of Fashion & Technology, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5623853