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Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria

Author (s)

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Abstract

The study investigates the effect of microfinance banks services on the performance of micro-enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria. The study adopts a survey design and a sample of 350 respondents was determined from population 311,502 micro enterprises in Benue State. The questionnaire was subjected to validity and reliability using factor analysis and Cronboch Alpha respectively. Multiple regression was used data analysis and test of formulated hypotheses with the aid of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS Version 21). Findings revealed that there is no significant effect of microfinance loan on performance of micro-enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria (p-value 0.631 > α 0.05). The study showed a positive significant effect of microfinance technical training on performance of micro-enterprises performance in Benue state, Nigeria (p-value 0.000 < α 0.05). Finally, the study revealed that microfinance advisory services have a positive significant effect on performance of microenterprises in Benue State, Nigeria (p-value 0.019 < α 0.05). The study concludes that microfinance banks services contribute significantly to enhance the performance of micro enterprises by narrowing the resource gap for micro-enterprises. The study recommends amongst others that management of microfinance banks in Nigeria should increase the duration of their clients’ asset loans over a longer period of time. The study will enlighten micro-enterprises about services rendered by microfinance banks and how to utilize them to improve business performance.

Keywords: Microfinance, Microenterprises, Microfinance loan services, Microfinance technical training services, Microfinance advisory services, Performance.

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Title: Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria
Author:

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 25/04/2020
Date of Publication: 27/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/518.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 113-1124
First Page: 113
Last Page: 124
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem (2020). Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 113-124. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/518.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Administration, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi-Nigeria.

Torough, Samuel is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Administration, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi-Nigeria.

Asenge, Emmauel Lubem, is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Management, Benue State University, Makurdi-Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069

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Women Empowerment through Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin

  Women Empowerment through Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to have an overview of women entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. This research will be conducted to identify factors that contribute to individual capacity building levels among women entrepreneurs. The issue covered by this study are the socio-demographic profile of women entrepreneurs, types of women-owned entrepreneurs, regulatory procedures, training and capacity building, and human resources development through women’s empowerment. For this purpose, the analysis based on empirical investigation will be conducted in Dhaka City which involved 200 women entrepreneurs who made up the respondents of this particular research. The study aims to adopt three basic aspects such as personal attributes, family affairs and external environment to evaluate their contribution towards women entrepreneurship. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods adapted to the primary data collection process will be applied to explore information from a sample unit of women entrepreneurs in the city Dhaka of Bangladesh. The study will be based on survey methodology through a semi-structured questionnaire administered on women entrepreneurs. Data will be analyzed using statistical software such as SPSS. The study aims to come up with recommendations to address the existing challenges to promote a gender-friendly business environment.

Keywords: Women, Empowerment, Development, Entrepreneurship.

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Title: Women Empowerment through Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh
Author:

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3766648
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 22/04/2020
Date of Publication: 26/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/528.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 37-49
First Page: 37
Last Page: 49
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin (2020). Women Empowerment though Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 37-49. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3766648

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/528.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Sabina Yeasmin, Professor, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Shamima yasmin, (Corresponding Author), Professor, Tejgaon college, 16, Indira Road, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3766648

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Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know Dewan Azmal Hossain

Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know

Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Abstract

Multidisciplinary areas of accounting are increasing day by day. One such multidisciplinary area is forensic accounting. Due to the increase of corporate frauds like in the cases of Enron and WorldCom, organizations are putting a special effort into the investigation of frauds. To investigate fraud, corporations need to be prepared.  One way of this preparation is understanding the ideas of forensic accounting and the scopes and areas of forensic accounting. Not only for corporations but also for non-accounting experts knowledge of forensic accounting is important. This theoretical review deals with these issues and explains the technical terms of forensic accounting that non-accounting experts need to know to understand the basics of forensic accounting. This theoretical review also argues that auditing and forensic accounting are not the same. To be a forensic accountant understanding the term “Due Diligence” is a prerequisite. On the other hand, auditing is merely matching the financial statement with applicable standards. After making a comparison between auditing and forensic accounting, it is discussed that non-accounting experts need to make themselves familiar with financial accounting, financial ratios and also with the specialized analytical tools to understand the nature of the work of forensic accountants, their networking techniques, relation establishing techniques and inferential analysis techniques. This study also provides an extract of awareness towards forensic accounting that Bangladeshi accounting and auditing firms, multinational and local companies have.

Keywords: Forensic Accounting, Non-Accounting experts, Due Diligence, Inferential Analysis, Bangladesh.

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Title: Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know
Author:

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 18/04/2020
Date of Publication: 20/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/519.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 128-143
First Page: 128
Last Page: 143
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dewan Azmal Hossain (2020). Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 128-143. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/519.pdf

About Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of            Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2311-6941

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586

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Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker

   Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study

Author (s)

Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker

Abstract

Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) are the far-reaching evolution in the arena of open innovation which is an emerging concept that attracts a lot of entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. Open innovation has been immensely implemented in small and medium enterprises with the intention of impressing business uplift, financial and economic empowerment. SMEs and Open Innovation gathers data & information in which SMEs can put open innovation strategies to development by entrepreneurial, institutional, and exploratory study. The motto of this study is to make policy, economic, and cultural issues, including various privileges and challenges adjoining open innovation strategies in Bangladesh SMEs sector. A quantitative method was chosen to make this study a success. Specifically, a structured interview method has been followed to collect data from primary sources to provide a clear picture of the development of this industry through the application of innovative approaches to the management strategy of SMEs in Bangladesh. Data was collected from eighty respondents from three different cities (Dhaka, Gazipur, and Narsingdi) using the convenience sampling technique (non-probability sampling). Convenient sampling techniques were applied to draw samples to ensure representation of all types of companies. Data was analyzed regarding of frequency, percentage, regression analysis, and ANOVA using SPSS.

Key words:Innovation, Open Innovation, Economy, Strategies, Management Strategies, SMEs.

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Title: Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study
Author:

Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757541
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 18/04/2020
Date of Publication: 20/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/526.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 12-22
First Page: 12
Last Page: 22
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker (2020). Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 12-22.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3757541

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/526.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Most. Tahura Pervin (Corresponding Author), Assistant  Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur-1707, Bangladesh.

Dr. Razia Begum, Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Bipul Kumar Sarker, Lecturer, Department of BBA Professional, Habibullah Bahar College, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757541

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Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury

  Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend

Author (s)

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury

Abstract

The tourism industry in Bangladesh is a thriving sector for its medieval resources, rich historical background, and fascinating natural beauty. This study set out to identify the current situation of tourism in Bangladesh and its economic effects. The research relied on secondary data sources. Over the last ten years, Bangladesh has experienced the same level and pace of growth in both the economy and tourism fronts. While there are no vast numbers of foreign tourists, Bangladesh boasts of millions of domestic tourists on regular holidays. In December 2018, the country’s Tourism Revenue rose from 348 million USD in 2017 to 357 million USD. Considering the gradual, but consistent increase in revenue over the years, it is safe to say that the tourism sector in Bangladesh is thriving. This study also identified the primary challenges the country faces in developing this lucrative sector. From inadequate safety and security to poor infrastructure and transportation, Bangladesh lacks the most crucial development requirements. The study offered recommendations on how to develop Bangladesh’s tourism to match global standards and expectations. However, the success of these hinges on the readiness of both the private and public sectors to jointly develop a long-term tourism development plan. This study will help the Government construct future strategies to develop this enormous potential industry which can play a significant role in the formation of the gross domestic product, providing employment for the population, and enhancing the foreign trade balance.

Keywords: Economic growth, ecotourism, prospect, tourism industry, domestic tourists, foreign tourists.

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Title: Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend
Author:

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3760204
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 13/04/2020
Date of Publication: 22/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/527.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 23-36
First Page: 23
Last Page: 36
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury (2020). Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 23-36. doi:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3760204

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/527.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury, Lecturer, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, New Model Degree College, Russell Square, Sukrabad, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1207, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3760204

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Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya

    Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration

Author (s)

Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya

Abstract

Bangladesh is a beautiful country for both domestic and international visitors. There are a variety of tourism attractions for the tourists from home and abroad. Many resorts have been established in the country to serve the increasing demands of the tourists. There are now imminent opportunities for resort sector in Bangladesh. Resorts may be regarded as the home far away from the natural stay of livings. This paper investigates qualitatively to reflect the understandings of resorts’ businesses in Bangladesh, which are located in the different parts of the country. The primary purpose of the study is to highlight resorts, the attributes of resorts, facilities, amenities, and impacts of resorts in the country. Accordingly, this paper has focused on the prospects and challenges of resort development to facilitate the increasing tourist’ demands in Bangladesh. The paper concludes by scoping some measures to overcome resort business challenges and improve service offerings by the resorts. The findings of this research will be helpful in particular for the resort business owners to shape their offerings. In addition, the policymakers will be benefitted from the key insights of resort development considerations at a local or destination level.

Key words: Sresort development, tourism attractions, facilities, amenities, service offerings, destination, Bangladesh.

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Title: Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration
Author:

Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3754479
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 13/04/2020
Date of Publication: 16/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/525.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-11
First Page: 1
Last Page: 11
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya (2020). Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 1-11.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3754479

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/525.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abdullah Al Muneem (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Uchinlayen, Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Sadia Afrin Ananya, Lecturer, Department of Tourism & Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalgonj-8100, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3754479

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Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

    Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing

Author (s)

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

Abstract

The way of using mobile community sources successfully by the content material caching strategy. Here, we have a look at Small Cell Base Station Networks (SCBSNs) from a caching perspective. Firstly, we wager that these Small Cell Base Stations are deploying with low doable backhaul links on the other hand have excessive functionality storage units. Then, we illustrate our system mannequin and define a Quality of Experience (QoE) metric in order to satisfy a given file request. After that, we formulate the optimization hassle in order to maximize the Quality of Experience (QoE) metric for all requests beneath the ability constraints. We make clear this trouble via introducing an algorithm, referred to as MyCaching, which relies on potential constraints. Due to storage constraints, not all requested files can be cached so MyChacing algorithm selects the most popular documents until the total storage potential is achieved. In a row, the proposed caching algorithm is compared with PropCaching, the numerical consequences illustrate that the range of content material requests increases. Besides, we exhibit that MyCaching performs higher than PropCaching in most cases. Such as, for R=200 wide variety of requests and a storage ratio γ=0.5, the pleasure in MyCaching Algorithm is 90% higher than PropCaching and the backhaul usage is condensed by using 5%.

Key words: Small Cell Base Station Networks (SCBSNs), proactive caching, popularity caching, Quality of Experience (QoE), Mobile Edge Computing (MEC).

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Title: Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing
Author:

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 08/04/2020
Date of Publication: 09/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/517.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 104-112
First Page: 104
Last Page: 112
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu (2020). Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 104-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/517.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rahman Atiqur, (Corresponding Author), Ph.D., Information and Communication Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

Ali Md Liton, Ph.D., Information and Communication Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

Guangfu Wu, Senior Engineer, School of Software Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233

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The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen

     The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study

Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen

Abstract

Attendance in classrooms of students in contemporary higher education at national universities in Bangladesh plays an important role. It is a common belief that more classed students score better on the exam than do less or non-class students. According to the attendance policy of the BBA Professional Department of Habibullah Bahar University College (HBUC), students should attend at least 80% of their total classes to prevent students from appearing in the final exams. Thus, this paper examines the relationship between final examination performance and the class attendance percentage participation between two different semesters of BBA Professional Department in Statistics-I and Statistics-II students. The survey was conducted from December 2016 to March 2020 in the BBA Professional Department of Habibullah Bahar University College to complete the research work. A total of 108 students were selected as the sample for this study. Research data regarding class attendance and academic results from published results were collected from college attendance records of the BBA professional department. Data was analyzed in terms of frequency, percentage and independent t-test using SPSS-20 version of software. This study shows that there is a positive correlation between classroom attendance percentage and final exam grade. Since classroom attendance percentage influenced the final outcome of the students, therefore, according to the ‘80% Rule’, students were divided into two groups. Judging by the independent t-test, the results were analyzed and found that significant differences exist between the two groups; As a result, students with more than 80% attendance achieved higher marks as opposed to less than 80% attendance.

Key words: Higher Education, Teaching and Learning, Student Performance, Learning Statistics and Mathematics, Correlation.

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Title: The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study
Author:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746213
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2020
Date of Publication: 09/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/463.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 285-291
First Page: 285
Last Page: 291
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen (2020). The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 285-291.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3746213

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/463.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker (Corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of BBA Professional, Habibullah Bahar College, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Uchinlayen, Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746213

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Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin

     Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City

Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin

Abstract

A man-made social system that determines the gender of a human being based on gender behavior, characteristics, and sexuality. The term third gender has a broad meaning. The third gender is basically what we mean by those whose gender identity or gender expression implies something different from the gender they received after puberty. The social life of third gender and his true sexual identity is the story of a life of continuous struggle. The social system of Bangladesh is changing. As well as changing the social status of the third gender in the society. In today’s society, eligibility for third gender has increased. The Hijra community is now becoming a part of our society. In this case, the judgment of the court has made significant contributions. This paper attempts to outline the socio-economic status of the Hijra people in Bangladesh as well as the steps taken by the government for the Hijra community. To make this task a success, a quantitative method was chosen; specifically, a structured interview method has been followed to collect accurate data from primary sources, giving a clear picture of the socioeconomic status of Bangladesh’s Hijra community. One hundred thirty five respondents were collected in Dhaka city through a non-probability sampling method using convenience technique. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS. Due to the shortage of time and money, this study was restricted to the surrounding area of ​​Dhaka City only. Therefore, the first limitation of this study is to collect information only from the emissaries living in Dhaka city. Second, quantitative data was collected only from those under 60 years of age.

Key words: Hijra, Third Gender, Demography, Socio-economic Conditions.

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Title: Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City
Author:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746192
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2020
Date of Publication: 09/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/462.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 276-284
First Page: 276
Last Page: 284
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin (2020). Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 276-284.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3746192

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/462.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker (Corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of BBA Professional, Habibullah Bahar College, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Most. Tahura Pervin, Assistant  Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur-1707, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746192

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Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

     Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries

Author (s)

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

Abstract

Whether and why one should ‘join a snake or a spider global value chain (GVC)’ is a debate that has received little attention in economic literature. In this paper, we try to compare the effects of the GVCs on wage in both configurations between working skill categories across many countries and industries. The aim pursued is to show which GVC generates better wage in a particular context –especially at skill, country development or industrial level. To distinguish spider from snake, we use the mean value of the weighted average number of border crossing (ABC) proposed by Muradov (2016) and its variant indexed by the UIBE Research Institute of GVC (RIGVC of UIBE). The sample is a panel data of 36 countries selected from the World Input-Output Database (WIOD), spanning 10 years (2000-2009) and 9 industries. By employing the Hausman-Taylor technique, we found that in general, GVCs bring positive gains to workers of all skill categories. These effects tend to be higher for high-skill workers and for those engaged in snake GVCs. Furthermore, the impacts appear more significant in snake for workers in developed countries. On the other hand, these effects are stronger only in spider in developing countries. At industry level, the pair snake-manufacturing display more significant estimates. These findings are meant to inform policymakers on the choice of GVCs. In fact, joining a GVC may require a minutious understanding of its configuration.

Key words: Global Value Chains (GVCs), Snake, Trade, Spider, Skill, Wage, offshoring, Border Crossing.

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Title: Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries
Author:

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 31/03/2020
Date of Publication: 02/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/515.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 79-97
First Page: 79
Last Page: 97
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong (2020), Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 79-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/515.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (Corresponding Author) PhD, International Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE),Beijing, China.

Jiong Gong, Professor of Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401

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The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States Debraj Roka

     The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States

Author (s)

Debraj Roka

Abstract

The main objectives of this study are to estimate the human development effects on happiness by using economic freedom, economic growth, and income as control variables. The study analyzes the 1080 observations using the panel data from 2008 to 2016 period covered 120 countries. The main explained variable of this study is happiness and major interested explanatory variables are the Human Development Index. The estimation strategy of this study is to apply the fixed and random effect, the Generalized Liner Squire, First in Difference and Linear Dynamic Panel Data /generalized method of moments estimation method. The study estimated the strongly linear positive association and statistically significant result between human development index with happiness in the overall 120 sampling countries. The study investigated the negative relationship between life expectancy and happiness and the positive association between economic growth and income with happiness. The study indicated a positive association between government health expenditures and food on happiness.

Key words: Human Development Index, Life Expectancy, GDP per capita, Inequality and Happiness.

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Title: The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States
Author:

Debraj Roka

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736375
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 31/03/2020
Date of Publication: 02/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/514.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 61-78
First Page: 61
Last Page: 78
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Debraj Roka (2020). The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 61-78. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736375

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About Author (s)

Dr. Debraj Roka (Kalyan Roka) is a political economist, currently, he is working as a visiting scholar in the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736375

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Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha

     Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa

Author (s)

Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha

Abstract

This paper takes an extra look at the debate of economic growth as a trendy issue in the world and predominantly a deep-rooted distress of Sub-Saharan Africa and Africa (SSA) as a whole. The study investigates the effect of economic growth on health in Sub-Saharan Africa with data from 1991-2015 using pooled OLS and two-ways fixed effect method as captured by infant mortality rate, fertility rate, and life expectancy total, (years) with other explanatory variables. The result shows that economic growth and health outcomes have a statistically strong negative significant relationship. The analysis showed that economic growth decreases infant mortality rates and fertility rate through the provision of healthcare services and improves life expectancy as well. In addition, other variables including agriculture, services, and population significantly affects health outcomes, while per capita income (GDPPC) unveils more effect on health in SSA. The findings of this study recommend that economic growth remains a vital determinant in improving health outcomes in Sub-Saharan African countries, though SSA is characterized by an unstable trend of economic growth and poor health facilities.

Key words: Economic growth, Health, Sub-Saharan Africa, panel data study.

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Title: Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa
Author:

Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736314
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 31/03/2020
Date of Publication: 02/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/513.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 35-60
First Page: 35
Last Page: 60
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha (2020). Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 35-60. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736314

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About Author (s)

Ajak Michael Bul, (Corresponding Author), Renmin University of China, School of Economics, Beijing.

Ogeto Robert Moracha, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029 China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736314