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Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh Samia Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan

Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Samia  Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan

Abstract

Commercial banks play a crucial role in the context of modern business world. Being financial intermediaries, banks effectively contributes to the economic growth of our country. The relationship between changing interest rates and its impact on bank’s profitability has become a sensitive fact of having paramount importance. A comprehensive study has been conducted by using 5 consecutive years’ data (2014-2018) of all the 30 listed commercial banks of Bangladesh. The secondary data was collected from annual reports of corresponding commercial banks. This study represents the association and effect of interest rate changes on bank’s profitability. It also shows empirical charts, graphs regarding analyzing data and communicating results. This report has been divided into seven chapters for the convenience of preparation. Descriptive analysis, linear regression analysis, multivariate analysis, analysis of variance, correlation analysis, multicollinearity test and durbin-watson test have been carried out to establish and explain the relationship between stated two facts. It is derived from the study that change in Interest rate has significant impact on the profitability of commercial banks. Interest rate spread positively impact the profitability measures of the study (ROE, ROA, and NIM).

 Keywords: Interest rate change, Profitability, Bank rate, Commercial banks, Bangladesh.

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Title: Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh
Author: Samia  Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965681
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 28/07/2020
Date of Publication: 29/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/587.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 17-37
First Page: 17
Last Page: 37
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Samia  Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan (2020). Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 17-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965681

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/587.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Samia  Nur Jui, Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Rokibul Hasan Sakib (corresponding author), Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Md. Abu Rafsan, Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965681

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Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh Rokibul Hasan Sakib and Dewan Azmal Hossain

Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Rokibul Hasan Sakib and Dewan Azmal Hossain

Abstract

This report focuses on the determinants of profitability of 30 DSE listed Commercial banks of Bangladesh from 2010 to 2017. The analysis part of this paper includes multiple regressions to determine impact of significant variables on profitability. The findings of this paper suggests that the net interest margin ratio (NIM), Asset size (LOGA), the ratio of operating expense (OPEX) are significant against the dependent variable called Return on Equity (ROE). Interest income is main source of income for banks. The finding suggests that if asset size increases, return on equity (ROE) will decrease and if operating expense ratio increases, return on equity decreases.  Additional analysis is done in return on assets (ROA) and return on operating assets (ROOA) to justify whether the results meet with the main analysis.  The findings of this study suggest that commercial banks should be more careful while giving loans with diversified portfolio maintenance.

 Keywords: Determinants, profitability, portfolio, performance, Commercial banks, Bangladesh.

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Title: Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh
Author: Rokibul Hasan Sakib and Dewan Azmal Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965656
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 26/07/2020
Date of Publication: 29/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/586.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-16
First Page: 1
Last Page: 16
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rokibul Hasan Sakib and  Dewan Azmal Hossain (2020). Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 1-16. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965656

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/586.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rokibul Hasan Sakib (Corresponding author), Post graduate student, Department of            Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

 Dewan Azmal Hossain, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of   Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh. ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2311-6941

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965656

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How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles Lual Daniel Kur & Niu xiongying

How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles

 

Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu xiongying

Abstract

The study investigated how Chinese expatriates Transformational Leadership to local people affect staff performance, evaluation roles, and rating, and the relationship between change leadership and job performance and organizational behavior. The researcher assessed the participatory role of the work through the organization’s work ethic and cultural intelligence. It is also a necessary role for African labor values ​​through labor performance with the OCB. The investigator sampled 300 staff members and 20 guards. 2 questionnaires used for data collection. The information was coded, filtered, and uploaded to SPSS. Correlation analysis, regression analysis, Andrew F. Hayes 3.4 procedure, and Sobel test are used to answer the hypothesis. The results of this study suggested that there is a linear relationship that exists between transformation leadership and performance. Also, change leadership had an indirect relationship with organizational cultural practices.

 Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Employee performance, Local People, task performance, South Sudan.

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Title: How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles
Author: Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965559
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 22/07/2020
Date of Publication: 29/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/582.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 92-112
First Page: 92
Last Page: 112
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu xiongying (2020). How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 92-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965559

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/582.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Niu xiongying , Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965559

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Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites: An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh Dewan Azmal Hossain

Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites:

An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the current scenario of the disclosure of sustainability in the annual reports and websites of the listed banks in Bangladesh. In this study, the financial year 2019 has been selected (most current at the time of conducting this study) to examine the changes in various aspects of sustainability disclosure over the period of time. It is found that banks disclosed more information in annual reports compared to that of corporate websites.  Based on average sentences disclosed, Human Resource Development disclosure is the highest, and Energy consumption and savings related disclosure is the lowest compare to other items disclosed. Based on average sentences disclosed, third-generation banks disclosed more information compared to first and second-generation banks, and conventional banks with Islamic windows disclosed more information compared to sharia-based Islamic banks and interest-based commercial banks. This study also develops a theoretical framework to explain the results.

 Keywords: Sustainability disclosure, annual reports, websites, Banking Industry, Bangladesh, GRI.

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Title: Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites: An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh
Author: Dewan Azmal Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3963740
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 26/07/2020
Date of Publication: 28/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/581.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 76-91
First Page: 76
Last Page: 91
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dewan Azmal Hossain (2020). Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites:  An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 76-91. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3963740

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/581.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2311-6941

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3963740

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Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh Maliha Rabeta

Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Maliha Rabeta

Abstract

This study has been initiated as an effort to understand working capital management practices of firms in the Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals Industry in Bangladesh. It has focused on relationship between the working capital variables and firm performance using panel data consisting of a sample of 31 firms from the Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals industry for a period of 19 years from 2000 to 2018. Various types of statistical tools such as mean, median, quartile analysis, graphs and charts and regression analysis have been used for the analyses. Fixed Effect model regression has been used based on the output of the Hausman Test. For testing the relationship between a firm’s profitability and its norms of working capital management, regression has been run considering Basic Earning Power as a dependent variable and current ratio, the cash conversion cycle, quick ratio, inventory conversion period, payable deferral period, days sales outstanding as explanatory variables. The cash cycle has a negative impact on the basic earning power which signifies that, as the cycle grows bigger the core profitability of the business reduces. The same applies for holding inventory for a longer period as it reduces core profitability. As the time to collect payment for sales increases, the core profitability of a business decreases. As companies age, they enjoy learning effects and become more efficient so positive relationship with core profitability exists. The major findings hence indicate that working capital is found to have significant impact on core profitability of firms in Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals industry.

 Keywords: Working capital, Basic earning power, Cash conversion cycle, Days Sales outstanding, Inventory conversion period, Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Bangladesh.

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Title: Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh
Author: Maliha Rabeta
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959157
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 19/07/2020
Date of Publication: 24/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/580.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 40-75
First Page: 40
Last Page: 75
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maliha Rabeta (2020). Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 40-75. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959157

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/580.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Maliha Rabeta, MBA, Department of Finance, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959157

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Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba

Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District

Author (s)

Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine how community radios’ broadcasting services fostered socio-economic development in Mbarara District among communities. The objectives of the study were; 1) To  examine the extent to which community radios` broadcasting services have contributed to the socio-economic development of communities in Mbarara District, Uganda, 2) To assess the effect of community radios` health broadcasting services on radio listenership among communities in Mbarara District, Uganda, 3) To analyze the relationship between community radios` listenership and socio-economic development of communities in Mbarara District, Uganda. The research design for this study was a cross sectional survey employing both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. Quantitative data was collected using questionnaires. Qualitative data was collected using both interview and FGD schedules as research instruments. The study surveyed 250 respondents and quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics; frequency distributions, cross tabulations, correlation analysis and regressions. Path analysis was lastly conducted examining the various conducted variables as a way of assessing the casual models established in the different objectives. Qualitative data analysis was done using theoretical propositions. Structural Equation Modeling was conducted to ascertain the functional relationships where a hypothesized model upon which the fitting of a structural Equation model was based. The result shows educational broadcasting (β =0 .716, p = 0.000. statistically significant direct effect on socio-economic development. Educational Broadcasting having a positive effect on level of participation in radio programs aired (β = 0.346, p = 0.000) and frequency of radio listening (β = 0.174, p = 0.007). Furthermore, goodness of-fit results show a Root mean squared error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.201. This result shows a poor fit for the full model since RMSEA is greater than 0.1. Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.689 is poor fit in predicting socio-economic development. In order to get a model that fits better, Structural equation modelling was again conducted. Result shows factors statistically significant indirect effect on socio-economic development of communities include; educational having a positive effect on level of participation in radio programs aired (β = 0.297, p = 0.001) and frequency of radio listening (β = 0.187, p = 0.003).This study developed a Sustainable community conscientious Operational Radio Enterprise (SCORE) Model that can be used in Community based Radios’ Broadcasting Services to enhance socio-economic development among listeners.

 Keywords: Community, Community radio, Broadcasting, Program, Socio-Economic Development.

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Title: Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District
Author: Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959076
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 14/07/2020
Date of Publication: 24/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/579.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 23-39
First Page: 23
Last Page: 39
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba (2020). Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 23-39. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959076

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/579.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sabiiti Mulema Posiano (corresponding author), PhD Student, Nkumba University, Entebbe, Uganda.

Prof. Faustino L. Orach-Meza, Senior Lecturer, Nkumba University, Entebbe, Uganda.

Dr. Regis Zombeire, Nkumba, Senior Lecturer, Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959076

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A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas, Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni

A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients

Author (s)

Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas, Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni

Abstract

The novel coronavirus (nCoV) has spread around the world as an epidemic. As of July 06, 2020, the number of victims has already crossed 11.5 million and the number of deaths has exceeded 537K and is steading rising.In the past convalescent  plasma (CCP) therapy was used in many epidemics. Already many people have successfully recovered from sever acute respiratory syndrome Corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and have developed antibodies in their plasma to fight the virus.They have this plasma very effective for critical patients. Many countries are currently trying to develop effective vaccines. They have already done various trials of their vaccines . Until a suitable vaccine for this disease is developed, CCP  therapy can be used in severe patients.

 Keywords: nCoV, COVID-19, Convalescent Plasma, Plasma Therapy, Antibodies, Clinical Trials.

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Title: A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients
Author: Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas, Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953830
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 16/07/2020
Date of Publication: 21/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/578.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 17-22
First Page: 17
Last Page: 22
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas,Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni (2020). A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 17-22. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953830

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/578.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Mostafizur Rahman (corresponding author), Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Md Mohimin Biswas, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Sanaullah, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Tahmina Yasmin Tanni, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953830

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The harmful effects of argon welding on human health Jenan Mohammed Naje

The harmful effects of argon welding on human health

Author (s)

Jenan Mohammed Naje

Abstract

In this paper, we review the damage of argon welding to human health and its prevention. Argon weld gas-type argon welding is a colorless, odorless chemical element of noble gases and chemically inert of the most abundant gases on the surface of the globe and is a gas that insulates the weld zone from the surrounding atmosphere. Lengthy exposure to welding fume is feasibly producing lung harm and numerous categories of cancer, comprising lung, larynx, and urinary tract. Gases like argon and carbon dioxide transfer oxygen in the air and can cause asphyxia, predominantly as welding in restricted or surrounded areas.

 Keywords: Argon, Welding, Harmful effects, Human health, Chemical element.

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Title: The harmful effects of argon welding on human health
Author: Jenan Mohammed Naje
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953692
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 16/07/2020
Date of Publication: 21/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/577.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 13-16
First Page: 13
Last Page: 16
Paper Type: Short Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jenan Mohammed Naje (2020). The harmful effects of argon welding on human health. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 13-16. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3953692

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/577.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jenan Mohammed Naje, Middle Technical University, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953692

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Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam

Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam

Abstract

The main purpose of the study was to identify factors that affect service taker’s satisfaction with various banks in the northern region of Bangladesh. Both primary and secondary sources were explored for data collection. Necessary data were collected from 200 respondents. A structured questionnaire with 5 point Likert scale had been used to collect data. Data had been analyzed by using SPSS software. Different statistical tools were used which were compatible with our research such as reliability analysis, Frequency Distribution, Cross-tabulation, Multiple Regression Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, and Factor Analysis. The findings of the study revealed the most important factors that affect the service taker’s satisfaction. The study suggested that there was a strong effect of independent variables on the dependent variable. Unstandardized coefficients indicated how much the dependent variable (Service taker’s satisfaction) varies with the independent variable (15 factors) when all other independent variables are held constant. Thus alternative hypothesis was accepted and the null hypothesis was rejected. The study was based on the relatively small sample size (200) from the northern region of Bangladesh, which may not reflect the whole scenario of Bangladesh. The results of the study will be helpful to the bank authority and other stakeholders to determine customer demand and also help to formulate better policies to satisfy existing customers and attract the new customer.

 

Keywords: Service Taker’s Satisfaction, Service Quality, financial institution, banks,  Bangladesh.

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Title: Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh
Author: Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3940109
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 10/07/2020
Date of Publication: 11/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/576.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-12
First Page: 1
Last Page: 12
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam (2020). Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3940109

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/576.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hiren Chandra Mahonta, MBA in Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Tarannum Islam (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3940109

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Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam & Md. Sojib Ahmed

Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam  & Md. Sojib Ahmed

Abstract

This paper has been conducted to examine the connection between working capital management measured and profitability performance is measured. The study is conducted based on secondary data from annual reports of respective textile firms listed in DSE and DSE monthly reviews. From 2000 to 2018. The objective of the study is to find out the working capital devoted to the firms registered in the Dhaka stock exchange and find the connection of their performance and working capital capitalized in registered textile firms in DSE. To address this panel data, besides ratio and quartile study, Hausman test, variance inflation test, and fixed effect regression was done for testing all the hypotheses and the study result shows the inverse association with age and payment deferred period but a positive association with fixed asset turnover, cash conversion cycle, days sales outstanding, inventory conversion period, sponsor shareholdings and total assets. It also suggests to produce an effective policy must be produced for each company for each component of working capital. Besides, well-organized management and financing of working capital can upsurge the operating profit of a textile firm. Shorter cash conversion cycle, days sales outstanding, and the inventory conversion period can increase firms’ profit. These are some practical examples of working capital management.

 

Keywords: Working Capital Management, Firm Performance, Firm profitability, Textile Industry, Bangladesh.

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Title: Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh
Author: Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam  & Md. Sojib Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935735
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/07/2020
Date of Publication: 08/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/573.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-127
First Page: 118
Last Page: 127
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor & Abu Kalam (2020). Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 118-127. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3935735

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/573.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Matin Khan (corresponding author) MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abu Kalam, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Sojib Ahmed, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935735

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Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis

Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Abstract

Many African countries are still being faced with basic welfare issues such as hunger and extreme poverty, sparking debates among researchers and policy makers on whether the continent can endogenously leverage its agricultural potentials to address these challenges. To contribute to these debates, this study employs a panel data spanning 26 year (1990-2015) and including 13 ECOWAS countries to analyze the impact of production factors on agricultural productivity and examine the question of whether and how agriculture can serve as a tool for growth and poverty alleviation in the region. By linearizing the Cobb-Douglas production function and using fixed effects (FE) with country dummies, we find positive and significant relationship between lands cultivated, physical and financial capitals, as opposed to labor employed on agricultural productivity. Next, by using 2SLS/IV and GMM/IV methods, we show that agricultural productivity can be a pro-growth and counter-poverty tool. Furthermore we find that non-agricultural productivity interacts significantly with agricultural productivity and that agricultural productivity gap (APG) decreases both growth and poverty index. Following these results, we chart the transmission mechanisms for policy makers that will allow them to understand the linkages and pathways through which agricultural productivity affects the entire economy.

Key words: Agricultural productivity, agricultural productivity gap (APG), production factors, economic growth, poverty reduction, ECOWAS, SSA, Africa.

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Title: Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis
Author:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 07/07/2020
Date of Publication: 08/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 97-125
First Page: 97
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (2020). Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Scientific Reports, 2(1), 97-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, PhD, Industrial Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Jiong Gong, Professor of Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (Corresponding Author), PhD, International Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367

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The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon

Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

Abstract

Tax noncompliance is one of the biggest challenges faced by tax administrators when collecting tax revenues. Despite a series of punitive and coercive measures put in place by most governments including Cameroon, the phenomenon persists with billions of dollars lost every fiscal year. It is on this premise that this study examines the impact of tax education, tax policies and tax audit on the level of tax compliance in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon. The research adopted a conclusive case study design supported by the philosophical underpinnings of positivism epistemology and objectivism ontology. Multistage sampling technique was used to source data from a sample of 307 participants using semi-structured questionnaires measured using the five-point Likert scales. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to reduce the dimension of the data. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to test hypotheses. Results from the study revealed that there is significant statistical evidence to suggest that the existing tax policies in Fako Division has positive impact on the level of tax compliance with [µ = 0.00 < 0.05; β = 51%; α = 0.05]. Also, the study revealed that tax education has a negative statistical significant effect on tax compliance with [µ = 0.00 < 0.05; β = -18.5%; α = 0.05]. This implies that the more taxpayers are knowledgeable about the tax system, the more they are likely to fraud and default tax payments. It should be noted that the latent construct tax audit was rejected in the data cleaning process. This research, therefore, recommends that the government should improve on the tax policies and make it friendly and acceptable to a majority of taxpayers and that tax administrators should enforce civic education on the importance to respect tax laws by justifying the significance of taxes revenue as a source of funding for community development.

 

Keywords: Noncompliance, Tax policies, Tax audits, Tax education, Tax administration.

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Title: The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon
Author: Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 28/06/2020
Date of Publication: 03/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/570.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 76-90
First Page: 76
Last Page: 90
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui, & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah (2020). The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the South West Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 76-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/570.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Ph.D., (Corresponding Author), Department of Business Management and Finance, ICT University; Director of Studies, Cardiff Metropolitan University Wales UK.

 Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ph.D., Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, The University of Bamenda, Bamenda-Cameroon.

 Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui, Department of Finance and Accounting, HIMS Buea Cameroon.

 Sheku Ahmed Fofanah, Ph.D., Deputy Director and Research Programs Leader; London School of Commerce, UK.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286

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The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq Shorsh Khalid Rahman

The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq

Author (s)

Shorsh Khalid Rahman

Abstract

This study aims to explore that undergraduate students in Northern Iraq have the ability to see the idea of self-marketing to find the job and they can be familiar with their branding. Semi-structured interviews collected the data and analyzed it using content analysis. The sampling strategy employed in this study is the maximum sampling of variations. The outcomes of this thesis reveal that the effectiveness and efficiency of self-marketing are the foremost way to undergraduate students (universities and institutes) in Northern Iraq to thrive the compete of finding a job. The undergraduate students need to understand from the self-marketing, particularly concentrate on the important parts such as (CV, interview, social media, skills, experience, and certifications) to a career fair. They should have the ability to focus on different ways to engage in a job. Through this method, the undergraduate students will be able to make important progress in finding a reasonable job.

 

Keywords: Self-marketing, Job seekers, Curriculum vitae (CV), Interview, Social media, Undergraduate students, Finding a job, Unemployment.

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Title: The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq
Author: Shorsh Khalid Rahman
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 02/07/2020
Date of Publication: 03/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/572.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 100-117
First Page: 100
Last Page: 117
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shorsh Khalid Rahman (2020). The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 100-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/572.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shorsh Khalid Rahman, Cyprus International University, Private university in Nicosia, Cyprus.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270