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Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin

Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation

Author (s)

Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin

Abstract

Using the annual data from 1983 to 2016, the study attempted to explore the role of globalization and financial development on life expectancy in South Asian countries, at the presence of economic growth and pollution. The study employed the panel quantile regression (median) technique that could provide reliable results in the presence of heteroskedasticity and cross-section dependence in residuals, while pooled OLS, fixed effect and random effect models were not. Estimated results confirm that the model is correctly specified, and there is no asymmetry in quantiles. This study has found a significant positive impact for economic growth, globalization, and financial development, and a significant negative impact for environmental pollution on life expectancy in the study countries. So, policymakers have to promote globalization and financial development to improve the population’s health status, besides controlling environmental pollution.

 Keywords: Life expectancy, globalization, financial development, environmental pollution, panel quantile regression.

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Title: Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation
Author: Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 20/10/2020
Date of Publication: 25/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/613.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 82-92
First Page: 82
Last Page: 92
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin (2020). Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 82-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/613.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh.

Zerin Tasnime, Lecturer, Department of Finance & Banking, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

S.M. Nasir Uddin, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000

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Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed

Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review

Author (s)

Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed

Abstract

With the development of the big data age, deep learning developed to become having a more complex network structure and more powerful feature learning and feature expression abilities than traditional machine learning methods. The model trained by the deep learning algorithm has made remarkable achievements in many large-scale identification tasks in the field of computer vision since its introduction. This paper first introduces the deep learning, and then the latest model that has been used for image classification by deep learning are reviewed.  Finally, all used deep learning models in the literature have been compared to each other in terms of accuracy for the two most challenging datasets CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100.

 Keywords: Deep Learning, Image Classification, Machine Learning, Models.

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Title: Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review
Author: Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108433
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 13/10/2020
Date of Publication: 20/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/612.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 75-81
First Page: 75
Last Page: 81
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed (2020). Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 75-81. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108433

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/612.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kavi B. Obaid, Computer Science Department, College of Science, University of Zakho, Iraq (e-mail: kavi.obaid@uoz.edu.krd).

Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Duhok Polytechnic University, Iraq (e-mail: subhi.rafeeq@dpu.edu.krd).

Omar M. Ahmed, (Corresponding author),Information Technology Department, Zakho Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University, Iraq (e-mail: omar.alzakholi@uoz.edu.krd).

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108433

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Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons? Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila

Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons?

Author (s)

Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila

Abstract

This study seeks to figure out the emerging cases of males committing suicide in a one-year time frame from July 2019 to June 2020 as well as evaluates the suicide cases based on location, age, profession, and the reasons for suicides. This paper depends on secondary data from different sources. The study reveals that students are copious to committing suicide in comparison to other occupations. It also includes that the primary reasons behind committing suicides are mental health issues, financial crisis, and family issues.

 Keywords: male suicide, suicide in Bangladesh, self-destruction, suicide reason, mental health.

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Title: Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons?
Author: Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108337
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 04/10/2020
Date of Publication: 20/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/611.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 70-74
First Page: 70
Last Page: 74
Paper Type: Case report
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila (2020). Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons? International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 70-74. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4108337

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/611.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Farhana Rubayet (corresponding author), Anwer Khan Modern Medical College, Dhaka.

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, East West University, Dhaka.

Syeeda Raisa Maliha, East West University, Dhaka.

Nafisa Anum Autoshi, East West University, Dhaka.

Rayhana Akter Nabila, East West University, Dhaka.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108337

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Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa

Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the impacts inflation and exchange rate on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bangladesh. To meet the purpose of the study, time series data on dependent and independent variables are collected from various secondary sources covering the period 1980 to 2017. For estimation purpose the study employs different econometric techniques such as Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test, Johansen Co-integration Test, and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). Apart from these, various diagnostic tests have been applied to evaluate the goodness-of-fit of the model. Results of the study reveal that there exists a long-run relationship between dependent and independent variables. Inflation rate is found to have a significant negative impact on FDI in the long-run but it is insignificant in the short-run. The results also show that exchange rate has a significant positive relationship with FDI both in the long-run and short-run. That is, depreciation of Bangladeshi taka against US dollar induces FDI flows in Bangladesh. Therefore, in order to increase the flow of FDI in Bangladesh, it is essential to take necessary steps to curb high inflation and to prevent the devaluation of oreign currencies against Bangladeshi taka.

 Keywords: FDI, Inflation Rate, Exchange Rate, Co-integration, ADF, VECM.

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Title: Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh
Author: Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 16/10/2020
Date of Publication: 20/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/610.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 53-69
First Page: 53
Last Page: 69
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa (2020). Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 53-69. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/610.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa, Assistant Professor (Economics), Officer on Special Duty, Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education, Bangladesh, Dhaka, and Ph.D. Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi. E-mail: mahmud.bcs@gmail.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319

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Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic and Authoritarian Power and its Effect on Women’s Physical and Mental Health Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin

Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic and Authoritarian Power and its Effect on Women’s Physical and Mental Health

Author (s)

Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin

Abstract

Abortion is currently a widely discussed topic. Not only in urban but also in rural areas women often have abortions. Abortion has a profound effect not only on a women’s body but also on her mind. A woman is forced to have an abortion due to compulsions. In Bangladesh, Abortion is prohibited in both public and religious spheres. Which can only be done to save the mother’s life. But even then, women are secretly having abortions in various unsafe ways. Moreover, in the social system of patriarchal Bangladesh, women are always subordinate to men. She has to suffer physical, mental and social pain. But even then, she is killing her tangled treasure with her own hands. Because under the social structure, women are just silent spectators. To look at the social-cultural issues of abortion, researchers talk to people in this research area and try to find out the reasons behind it by listening to their experiences. As the research area is located in a rural area, researchers try to see the socio-cultural context of abortion and find a wide influence of women’s subordination, power structure and patriarchal mentality. Although abortion has a profound effect on a woman’s body. She is trapped in a structure and decides to have an abortion.

 Keywords: Abortion, Patriarchy, Power Structure, Household, Reproductive health.

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Title: Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic and Authoritarian Power and its Effect on Women’s Physical and Mental Health
Author: Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114384
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 13/10/2020
Date of Publication: 19/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/609.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 40-52
First Page: 40
Last Page: 52
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin (2020). Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic, and Authoritarian Power and its Effects on Women’s Physical and Mental Health. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 40-52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114384

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/609.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hiramony Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, Comilla University, Kotbari, Comilla, Bangladesh.

Maria Tahsin, Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, Comilla University, Kotbari, Comilla, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114384

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A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours Jannah Mohammad

A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours

Author (s)

Jannah Mohammad

Abstract

The cyber-physical system (CPS) is an advanced technology with the excellent quality to combine with the Ad-HOC network for executed work. The benefit of Ad-HOC Network efficient wireless technology for government work and military institute for secure communication. In this research, combine and propose AD-HOC based CPS framework for modeling and simulation to include cyber and examine node distance; the average speed rate in NS2 also consists of the Euclidean function for analysis outer node performance. The technology implements the CPS function for detection peak hours-off peak hours rate in wireless communication. The main objective of the paper frequency analysis and consider different time ratios for speed performance analysis. Also applicable for all industrial, official, educational institute area. This research will provide a new feature wireless network and the Internet of Things. The feature will benefit from advanced technology.

 Keywords: CPS, NS2, Ad hoc, Euclidean distance, average speed.

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Title: A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours
Author: Jannah Mohammad
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4101634
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 13/10/2020
Date of Publication: 18/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/608.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 33-39
First Page: 33
Last Page: 39
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jannah Mohammad (2020). A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 33-39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4101634

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/608.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jannah Mohammad, PhD,Department of Computer Science & Engineering (CSE), Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh. Email: jmgodhuli@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4101634

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Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan Lual Daniel Kur & Niu Xiongying

Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan

Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

Nowadays, Money transfer through mobile phone, referred to as a Mobile Money Transfer (MMT) has gained popularity worldwide. Currently, most of the businesses are accepting MMT to enhance their performances. With time, the number of users of MMT is increasing rapidly in South Sudan. Still, it was not clear how the usages of MMT influences the performance of enterprises. Our study aims to determine how the usage of mobile money can convey economic improvement in South Sudan. Furthermore, as the leading business center in the country, our study area was the Juba city and we considered the biggest five market areas namely Konynonyo, Juba, Custom, Jebel, and Militia. Through the survey questionnaire, we collected data from small and medium enterprises, and collected data were analyzed to measure the relationship among usage of MMT, business performance, and economic improvement. Our findings showed that MMT has a great impact on both business performance and economic improvement.

 Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Employee performance, Local People, task performance, South Sudan.

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Title: Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan
Author: Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4077149
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 07/10/2020
Date of Publication: 10/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/607.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 14-32
First Page: 14
Last Page: 32
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu Xiongying (2020). Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 14-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4077149

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/607.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Niu Xiongying , Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4077149

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Effects of Firm Specific Factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh: Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho

Effects of Firm Specific Factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh:   Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE)

Author (s)

Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho

Abstract

As the arena of the NBFIs is widening day by day in Bangladesh, it has attracted many investors of the country for which the profitability analysis of these NBFIs is getting popularity. This paper intends to analyze the firm-specific profitability indicators of the NBFIs in Bangladesh. To conduct this study, panel data of the nineteen NBFIs have been collected for the last 10 years (from 2007 to 2017). The main objectives of this paper to identify the fundamental determinants and to assess their contribution to the NBFIs’ profitability. Three measures of profitability- ROA, ROE and NIM, have been considered as the dependent variables in this paper. The fixed effect model was used in Model I- ROA and Model II- ROE. But the appropriate model for the Model III- NIM is undecided as the panel data for this model did not meet the asymptotic assumptions. To address this problem, Panel Corrected Standard Error (PCSE) Regression Method has been used in this study. The paper has been concluded by saying that ROE and NIM of the NBFIs are not influenced by their deposits and size which indicates that the ROE and NIM of the NBFIs are not sensitive to the sources from the NBFIs collect their funds. Non bank financial Institution should focus on the generation of capital from market using financial instruments with more diversified portfolios. Returns in these institutions can be backed by internally generated capital fund. However, sustainable growth in non bank institution needs to raise a minimum portion of deposit from the market with deliberate earnings from more systematic and dynamic asset class available in the market. Utilization of assets and earning s of mortgage loan and other financial assets should get more attention in Bangladeshi non bank financial institutions.

 Keywords: Capital Strength, Internal, Measures, NBFIs, Profitability, Size.

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Title: Effects of Firm Specific Factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh:   Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE)
Author: Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4065124
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 30/09/2020
Date of Publication: 04/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/606.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-13
First Page: 1
Last Page: 13
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho (2020). Effects of Firm Specific factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh: Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE). International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 1-13. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4065124

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/606.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abu Kalam, Lecturer, Department of Business Studies, University of Information Technology and Sciences (UITS), Bangladesh.

Monzurul Islam Utsho (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Business Studies, University of Information Technology and Sciences (UITS), Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4065124