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Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF

Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company

Author (s)

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF

Abstract

­This is a doctrinal study into identifying the position of the Iraqi banking system in terms of protection of the rights of the depositors as well as identifying the provisions of guarantee for depositors in the event the banks declare bankruptcy. This paper illustrates bank deposit guarantee in Iraq. it focuses on the Iraq Regulation no 33 of 2016 where it specifies the Iraqi company named Iraqi Deposit Insurance Company (IDIC). This company is established as the juridical company; The main purpose of this company is related to its very importance as they must do its business properly in compensating the depositor. The findings of this study show that the Iraqi banking system in the purview of guaranteeing the rights of depositors are inadequate and need major reforms. The paper concludes with recommendations for the Iraqi legislators on the necessary needed enactments required to remedy the issues. This research will contribute to the much needed literature in the Iraqi banking system. Furthermore, the findings of this paper can be extrapolated in regard to consumer protection and bank guarantees in emerging economies.

 Keywords: Bank deposit guarantee, Iraqi depositor, compensation for depositors, depositors.

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Title: Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company
Author: Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650468
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2021
Date of Publication: 31/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/730.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 110-119
First Page: 110
Last Page: 119
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF (2021). Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 110-119. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4650468

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/730.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF, Department of Law, University of Garmian, Kurdistan-Iraq. & Ph.D. candidate at Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia. Email: Mhamadomer2371991@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650468

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Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh Tanzila Rahman Lubna

Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Tanzila Rahman Lubna

Abstract

­This research investigated the service gap between student’s expectations and perception regarding private university services in Bangladesh with a particular focus on the SERVQUAL model along with the five dimensions: Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, and Empathy. I investigated the dimensions of quality of university service and its impact on student’s satisfaction. A self-administered and structured questionnaire use to collect data from 200 respondents of university students. The SPSS software was used here for analyzing data. Different statistical tools were used which are compatible with my research, such as factor analysis, reliability analysis, and descriptive analysis. I surveyed twenty private universities by using the random sampling method. As for students’ perception, the services gap (Expected service – Perceived service), in the dimensions of tangibility, assurance, and empathy, is significant because expected service is below perceived service in the private universities of Bangladesh. But in the dimension of reliability and responsiveness, the services gap is insignificant because expectations are near to perceived service in the same university. The administration and the government both will get benefit from the findings of the study, particularly in the university perspective of Bangladesh. The study base on relatively small sample size (200) from private university in Bangladesh, which may not reflect the whole scenario of Bangladesh.

 Keywords: SERVQUAL, Service gap, Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy.

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Title: Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh
Author: Tanzila Rahman Lubna
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650380
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 17/03/2021
Date of Publication: 31/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/729.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 101-109
First Page: 101
Last Page: 109
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Tanzila Rahman Lubna (2021). Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 101-109. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4650380

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/729.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tanzila Rahman Lubna, Lecturer, Department of Marketing, Pundra University of Science and Technology, Bogura, Bangladesh. Email: tanzila.lubna@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650380

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The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa Biftu Mohammed, Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw

The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa

Author (s)

Biftu Mohammed,  Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw

Abstract

­

This paper aims to identify the impacts of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration (growth expectation, innovation, internationalization and industry preference) in Africa. We use data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey (GEM) which cover at least 2,000 individuals per year which comprises about 55 countries. After eliminating observations that are inconsistent or have critical missing values, we use a sample of 769 individuals. Generalized structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. The finding of this study indicates that gender has a negative impact on entrepreneurial aspiration. Accordingly, women are less likely than men to have growth expectation for their firms. Similarly, women are less fortunate enough than men to internationalize their product or service. With regard to entrepreneur’s innovativeness it is measured in three different ways. As a result, the variance in measurement necessitated to have different results. Consequently, from competitors’ as well as technological perspectives women are less likely than men to have Innovation for their firm. While from potential customer’s consideration regarding their products’ or services’ newness or unfamiliar, the finding shows the opposite result. On the other hand, in terms of entrepreneurial industry preference, the study founds the opposite result that indicates entrepreneur’s industry preference will not differ by gender. Future studies should focuses on comparative analysis to compare with other emerging countries to examine the impact of gender on entrepreneurial aspiration and how they overcome the challenges that might faces. The finding of this study has implications for researcher and policymakers. This research will be contributed to the entrepreneurship literature by incorporating the impact of gender on entrepreneurial aspiration in Africa.

 Keywords: Gender, Africa, Entrepreneurial aspiration, Social role theory, innovation, growth expectation, internationalization, industry preference.

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Title: The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa
Author: Biftu Mohammed,  Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4641765
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2021
Date of Publication: 27/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/761.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-20
First Page: 1
Last Page: 20
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Biftu Mohammed,  Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw (2021). The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 1-20. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4641765

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/761.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Biftu Mohammed, (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: biftu_moh15@yahoo.com

Professor Niu Xiongying, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: niuxy@uibe.edu.cn

Dagmawe Tenaw, Economics Department, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, Email: dagmawe.tenaw@ddu.edu.et

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4641765

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The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh Md. Mehedi Hasan

The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Mehedi Hasan

Abstract

­

The growing trend of online shopping has taken over the popularity of traditional shopping among its consumers In recent decade. In the world of digitization it has eased the difficulties of retailing and paved a modern approach to trade online. In this paper, we aim to investigate the reason of the increase of popularity of online shopping among the consumers of a selected region, especially during this pandemic period. The present study has been conducted among the consumers of Khulna City. Convenience sampling method has been used to select the sample. The primary data was collected from 111 respondents by means of a self-constructed questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using Excel and SPSS software. There are many reasons for increasing of online sales. However, due to time and resource constraints, this paper considers some influential factors such as Facebook, website design, reviews and Covid-19. 72.1% of respondents would like to start up an online shopping service because they can run that with their study, job or other businesses. Almost 97.3% respondents think that online business is the demand of time because it is less risky and they can stay home through this. Of these, 63.1% respondents have increased online shopping than before and 13.5% have been involved in online shopping for the very first time by the influence of Covid-19. This study has been conducted by online which may not be generalized. It is an established fact that online shopping has become crucial for every business hub. But the pandemic has accelerated the shift towards a more digital world and triggered changes in online shopping behaviors that are likely to have lasting effects.

 Keywords: Online shopping, consumer, Covid-19, product, influential factors.

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Title: The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh
Author: Md. Mehedi Hasan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 24/03/2021
Date of Publication: 26/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/728.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 88-100
First Page: 88
Last Page: 100
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Mehedi Hasan (2021). The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 88-100.doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/728.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Mehedi Hasan, Senior Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, North Western University (NWU), Khulna, Bangladesh. E-mail: mehedistat47@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392

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The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI

The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU

Author (s)

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI

Abstract

­

The objective of this research is to study the determinants and effects of deforestation in the WAEMU countries.  On the basis of panel data covering the 8 WAEMU countries from 2000 to 2014 and with a fixed-effect regression with correction for heteroskedasticity, we come to the conclusion that the gross domestic product per capita contributes in the short term to the increase.  deforestation but a long-term decrease in deforestation is possible because there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between these two variables. Population density and respect for the rule of law are determinants of deforestation in the WAEMU zone.  In addition, deforestation contributes positively to CO2 emissions in WAEMU.  In view of these results, in terms of energy use, the State must favor energies based on renewable energies more than fossil energies which are more polluting; encourage reforestation initiatives.  Improving the quality of institutions through the establishment of a framework promoting respect for the rule of law will be an asset in the fight against deforestation in WAEMU.

 Keywords: Deforestation, CO2 emissions, Gross domestic product per capita, CKE, quality of Institutions, WAEMU.

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Title: The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU
Author: Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 18/03/2021
Date of Publication: 21/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/727.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 75-87
First Page: 75
Last Page: 87
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO &  Kodjo N’SOUVI (2021). The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 75-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/727.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI (corresponding author), School of Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business, China, 100026. Email: mathsondis@gmail.com

Kossi AYENAGBO, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Kara, Togo.

Kodjo N’SOUVI, College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Ocean University, 201306,Shanghai, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558

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The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on the Software Performance: A Review Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq

The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on the Software Performance: A Review

Author (s)

Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq

Abstract

­

The software development in different fields leads to increase the requirements for effective, efficient and complicated software. Due to the huge amounts of software requirements, it is possible some errors to occur in the certain part of the programs and this means a real challenge for the software producer. The need for an effective test system is necessary for designing reliable programs and avoiding the errors that may appear during the software product. In this review, many techniques are discussed for the process of generating test cases which are a group of conditions that determine whether the designed programs are able to satisfy the user’s requirements or not. Fuzzy logic utilizes an operational profile in the process of allocating test case to improve the software quality, as well as the design of fault propagation path to predicts the software defects during the test operation, also the automatic generation for PLC test cases that produce a new track through the program code in order to minimize the test cases needed for large size program.

 Keywords: Software test, test case, program evaluation, reliable software system, test suite.

 

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Title: The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on the Software Performance: A Review
Author: Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4623940
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 13/03/2021
Date of Publication: 19/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/744.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 33-44
First Page: 33
Last Page: 44
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree , Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq (2021). The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on The Software Performance: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 33-44. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4623940

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/744.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dathar A. Hasan (corresponding author), Duhok Polytechnic University, Shekhan Technical Institute, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq. Email: dathar.hasan@dpu.edu.krd

Bzar Kh. Hussan, Erbil Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

Dindar M. Ahmed, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

Omar S. Kareem, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

Mohammed A. M.Sadeeq, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4623940

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Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government Md. Anwarul Azim

Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government

Author (s)

Md. Anwarul Azim

Abstract

­

Openness to international trade has brought about different development outcomes in different countries. Once it was thought that openness to trade is the panacea for development and it will always lead to positive development outcomes. However, Bangladesh’s experience of opening up to international trade suggests that it is a necessary but not sufficient condition for economic development. The country has experienced consistent economic growth throughout last two decades and a major contributor to her economic development has been export oriented Ready Made Garments (RMG) sector. Bangladesh could make RMG sector a success story owing to factor endowment of abundant labour. This comparative advantage in the factor of production allowed static gains like specialization to occur. However, only openness to trade did not make RMG sector a success story. The growth of RMG industries was supported by government as it introduced necessary institutional reforms related to RMG sector.  But the country failed to apply underlying comparative advantage in sectors other than RMG to be able to compete in global market. Under the mentioned backdrop, the purpose of this study is to analyze whether static gain has been transformed into dynamic one. To do so both qualitative and quantitative methods have been applied. Findings suggest that the country has been unable to achieve dynamic gains. In order to achieve dynamic gains openness to international trade must be supported by structural and institutional changes initiated by the government. The country should also focus on enhancing its comparative advantage by supporting existing sectors as well as promoting new sectors. In doing so trade policies should be directed towards signing free trade agreement (FTA) and export oriented labour intensive industrialization which in turn will lead to economic development and employment creation for the country.

 Keywords: International Trade, Comparative Advantage, Dynamic Gain, RMG, FTA.

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Title: Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government
Author: Md. Anwarul Azim
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/02/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/726.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 66-74
First Page: 66
Last Page: 74
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Anwarul Azim (2021). Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 66-74. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/726.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Anwarul Azim, Lecturer, Department of International Relations, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email:  azim2216@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506

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Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku

Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem

Author (s)

Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku

Abstract

­

The study explores the impact of servant leadership on employee performance in public sectors, the mediating role of employee job satisfaction, commitment, and the moderating role of self-esteem in the case of Ethiopia’s public sector, Ministry of Revenue. The survey was adopted from the theory of servant leadership, employee job commitment, satisfaction, and performance. The study used primary and secondary data. And also used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has 200 public sectors and 158,617 employees.  The researcher selected the Ministry of Revenue, which has 12 branches of taxpayers, and 3959 employees to address the study. Among those taxpayers, the investigator had chosen five branches.  Data were collected from top-leaders, middle-leaders, and employees’ of the organization. Questionnaires were distributed for 363 potential respondents whereas 345 were completed and retrieved successfully, which is about a 95.04% response rate. The data was described by testing of nonresponse bias, reliability and validity tests of measurement scales used in the study, descriptive analysis based on respondent’s information, assessing data quality, the correlation between variables, and hypotheses testing using Structural Equation Model (SEM) and Regression Analysis. The data obtained from 38 structured survey questionnaires, and 5 unstructured interviews. To perform the data analysis, SPSS 26 and AMOS 24 statistical software versions were used. The study has a substantial role in bringing high employee job satisfaction, employee job commitment to purpose, and employee performance and enhances leadership competence in public sectors. Besides, the study provides knowledge into servant leadership literature and further research.

 Keywords: Servant Leadership, Employee Performance, Employee Satisfaction, Employee Commitment, and Self-Esteem.

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Title: Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem
Author: Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/03/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/725.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 44-65
First Page: 44
Last Page: 65
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku (2021). Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 44-65. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/725.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Professor NiuXiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. 

Zenebe Garedew Boku (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: DE201865018@uibe.edu.cnzenebe196757@yahoo.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120

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Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh Debproshad Dawn

Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Debproshad Dawn

Abstract

­

Bangladesh is a riverine country. Like the rivers of this country, the music flows in different ways and Jaggan is one of the musical heritage of Bangladesh.  The main reason for researching the Jaggan of Jessore district is to revive the almost extinct song, to make it known to the public about the musical heritage, and to make future generations aware of this heritage. This study describes that Jaggan is a bearer of our tradition. In my study, I presented the geographical location, naming, establishment, and brief history of Jaggan. The current study is qualitative in nature. For conducting this study, I utilized both primary and secondary data, For obtaining primary data, a personal depth interview has been conducted in the Jessore district of Bangladesh and secondary data of my study has been collected from published research journals, book chapters, and related academic papers. Through this research, a trend of extinction of traditional music has emerged that will attract future generations. Still, there is no research on this topic thus current study is one of the early studies on Jaggan. The country and the nation will be benefited if the medium of education and knowledge on Jaggan can spread to the new generation.

 Keywords: People, cultural heritage, Jaggan, geographical Infrastructure, psychological, direction.

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Title: Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh
Author: Debproshad Dawn
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610011
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 11/03/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/724.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 38-43
First Page: 38
Last Page: 43
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Debproshad Dawn (2021). Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangaldesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 38-43. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4610011

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/724.pdf

About Author (s)

Dr. Debproshad Dawn, Associate Professor, Department of Music, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: deb@du.ac.bd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610011

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Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor

Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China

Author (s)

John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor

Abstract

­

Quick Response (QR) code utilization has exploded in China to a higher extent compared to other Western countries. QR codes have become part and parcel of the digital world and the online shopping environment in China. This study adopted the Theory of Diffusion of Innovations (DOI) as the theoretical framework of this study, to investigate the perceptions of how African students use QR codes for online shopping within China. The study utilized an online questionnaire design to collect data from 615 African students from 9 countries studying in 10 purposively sampled Chinese universities. One key finding of our study shows that the type of QR code mostly used among African students is the product information types and their reason for opting for the product information QR code type is mainly for searching for the right product before they do online shopping or buy. Our study also reported that despite some challenges identified by respondents, which include: the acquisition of a smartphone and the need to download an app, there a general level of acceptance of QR codes among African students in China. In conclusion, 55.9% of the sampled African students for this studying in China specified they were ready to recommend QR code usage in their respective African countries for online shopping.

 Keywords: African students, China, online shopping, perceptions, QR codes.

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Title: Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China
Author: John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 13/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/723.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 22-37
First Page: 22
Last Page: 37
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor (2021). Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of Quick Response Code (QRC) Utilization among African University Students in China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 22-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/723.pdf

 

About Author (s)

John Demuyakor (corresponding author), Institute of Communication Studies, Communication University of China, Beijing, PR China. Email: tevezkanzo@outlook.com, Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6084-6951

Isaac Demuyakor, Harbin Medical University, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, PR China. Email : i.demuyakor@yahoo.com, Orcid : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4089-8375.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186

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Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu

Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author (s)

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu

Abstract

­

Global and local challenges and changes in the structure of knowledge production and usage, have led to very many different types of innovations. Thus, recognizing and classifying such innovations is more complex, fragmented, and geographically dispersed academic and social venture. This study provides a quantitative longitudinal study of the determinants of innovation, their role in entrepreneurship innovation capacity and how they collectively add value to economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. The study used fixed effects with country dummies in the analysis where Stata software was used. The results generated are expected to use in enabling both other researchers and practitioners to navigate the complex web of innovation definitions and typologies and they collectively impact on economic growth in the poor world. The results indicated that the extent of staff training, brain drain, absence of excessive bureaucracy and red tape, intellectual property protection, venture capital availability and intensity of local competition among firms were positively and significantly correlated with entrepreneurial innovation capacity in SSA. On the other hand, government procurement of advanced technologies was negatively and significantly correlated with entrepreneurial innovation capacity in SSA. It is recommended that respective countries should put in mechanisms to capitalize from the positive benefits of brain drain, absence of excessive bureaucracy and red tape, venture capital availability, intensity of local competition among firms and tertiary education gross enrolment on the economy. This could be through increased investments in tertiary institutions and reduction of bureaucracy and corruption that will not only increase high quality production through increased labour productivity, but will also foster fair competition in the markets. The governments should also increase mechanisms that facilitate increased savings for investment and where possible adopt strategies that will encourage increased inflow of foreign direct investment.

 Keywords: Innovation Capacity, Entrepreneurial Innovation, FDI, Labour Force Participation Rate, Red Tape, Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Title: Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596907
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 11/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/722.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 8-21
First Page: 8
Last Page: 21
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu (2021). Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 8-21. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4596907

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/722.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: norbertomuga@yahoo.com

Robert Moracha Ogeto, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email:

Professor Xiongying Niu, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596907

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A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms

Author (s)

Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

Abstract

­

The detection of the tumor region in medical images such as (MRI, CT, X-Ray) a boring and time-consuming task is by radiologists or experts. So, in this review the accuracy is needed for detection the tumor. The area of medical imaging is also reducing complexity and improving diagnostic precision with the growth of information technology. This review paper makes a comparison between the k-mean, and fuzzy c-mean algorithms to display the results and accuracy of them to detection the brain tumor. The execution of the k-mean algorithm is based on centroid, size, split process, threshold, epoch, characteristics, and number of iterations, while Fuzzy C-mean is executed on the basis of the fuzziness value and the termination condition in medical images. In comparing the efficiency parameters with the state-of-the-art processes, the experimental outcomes demonstrate the importance of medical images (MRI, CT and X-Ray) and the accuracy of each algorithm that have been discussed.

 Keywords: Brain Tumor, Medical Images, Pre-processing, Segmentation, Feature Extraction, K- means.

 

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Title: A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms
Author: Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596362
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 11/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/743.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 21-32
First Page: 21
Last Page: 32
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed (2021). A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 21-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596362

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/743.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Noor Salah Hassan (corresponding author), Department of Information Technology, Akre Technical Collage, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Email:  noor.salah.hassan6@gmail.com

Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed, Department of Information Technology, Technical Collage of Administration, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Email:  nawzat.ahmed@dpu.edu.krd.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596362

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A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors

Author (s)

Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

Abstract

­

Brain tumor is one of the commonest tumors. For the diagnosis of this disease, automated detection and classification are crucial. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a unique sort of imaging which is utilized for detecting these tumors and categorizing them as benign or malignant using special algorithms such as of K-Nearest Neighbors (K-NN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). The classification of brain tumors through imaging can be divided into four phases: pre-processing, extraction, segmentation and classification. This paper reviews some recent studies that highlight the efficacy of K-NN and SVM accuracies in classifying brain MRI images as normal or abnormal, benign or malignant.

 Keywords: brain tumor, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), classification, SVM, K-NN.

 

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Title: A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors
Author: Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4590054
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 05/03/2021
Date of Publication: 09/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/742.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 12-20
First Page: 12
Last Page: 20
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed (2021). A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 12-20. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4590054

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/742.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shler Farhad Khorshid (corresponding author), Information Technology Department, Akre Technical College of Informatics, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. E-mail: Shler.sulayvani@gmail.com

Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed, Information Technology Management, Technical College of Administration, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Email: nawzat.ahmed@dpu.edu.krd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4590054

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Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan

Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning

Author (s)

Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan

Abstract

­

Internet use in the Kurdistan region of Iraq has grown dramatically and has become an essential element of our daily lives, with hundred ISPs on hand and constantly increasing number of users by using e-learning platforms. The need for feedback is deeply linked to student participation and peer evaluation. It is also an issue of evaluation quality; how many feedbacks is made available, how they are given to students, how they are accepted by students, and to how much they are integrated into future instruction and learning. In this paper, three instruments, documentation, interviews and questionnaires were carried out to collect the data. Documentation was used to know the experiences of the students during classroom teaching and learning. The data were collected from the system application on our website. The data were called documentation. A survey is conducted comparing the feedback received from students on e-learning courses at the Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), with the results of analyzed 100 teachers’ e-learning courses in the Covid-19 period in 2020. Eighteen questions have been asked to 7709 students in 14 technical faculties (6 colleges and 8 institutes) at DPU. The students’ responses were classified to the questions related to teachers’ experiences on preparing courses, students’ interactions, using available e-learning tools and methods. A review has been made on (100) teachers’ courses in the Moodle platform as LMS (learning management systems) to reveal their course preparation, experiences on using available technologies. Our results showed 34.92% of participant students satisfied with e-learning, this means that 65.08% of students preferred face-to-face learning (in class), regarding the trustiness of feedback, reviewed courses and students’ responses which were significantly mismatched. This means that student feedback is not entirely reliable in the learning process.

 Keywords: E-learning, feedback, questionnaires, teacher experiences, survey.

 

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Title: Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning
Author: Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588538
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 03/03/2021
Date of Publication: 08/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/741.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-11
First Page: 1
Last Page: 11
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan (2021). Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588538

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/741.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sarbast H. Ali (corresponding author), Information Technology Department, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.  Email: sarbast.ali@dpu.edu.krd

Sardar Omar Salih, Information Technology Department, Duhok Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.

Arman Ismael Mohammed, Information Technology Department, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.

Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan, Information Technology Department, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588538

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Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism Ratna Rani Das

Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism

Author (s)

Ratna Rani Das

Abstract

­

Buddhism is a religious of peace and harmony, The Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. This religion is known as the religion for enlightened people. Peace, happiness, social justice, compassion, integrity, mutual understands, trust, tolerance, and wisdom are the mind attributes of Buddha. These attributes are significant for bringing happiness, peace and tranquility in the society. This paper explores the concept of happiness and tranquility in the light of Buddha. It focuses on the necessity of following moral code of conduct and to follow four sublime states to bring peace in the society. This research paper also highlighted loving-kindness, compassion and sympathy to bring peace in the society for ensuring happiness for sustainable society.

 Keywords: Buddhism, religion, peace, happiness harmony, compassion, tranquillity.

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Title: Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism
Author: Ratna Rani Das
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588469
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 03/03/2021
Date of Publication: 08/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/721.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-7
First Page: 1
Last Page: 7
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ratna Rani Das(2021). Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism.International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 1-7.doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4588469

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/721.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ratna Rani Das, Lecturer, Dept. of Pali and Buddhist Studies, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Email: ratnaranidas.du@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588469