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Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives A. G. Al-Morshed

Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives

Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed

Abstract

­

International labor migration contributes to the economy of Bangladesh in the context of reducing unemployment and earnings through remittances. According to government statistics, total population of Bangladesh is 16 crore 37 lakh and labour force is 6 crore 35 lakh with 27 lakh as unemployed. Every year 2 million labour force is being added Bangladeshi labour market and around 1 million usually for overseas employment in 165 countries around the world.  Time series data shows that about 80% percent of the total expatriate workers of Bangladesh migrated to MECs like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait and others. This paper aims at finding the labour market context at homeland and the economic causes of migration. Both primary and secondary sources of data are used in this study. Primary data have been collected through a questionnaire survey from three districts with most migrants and 227 respondents were calculated based on 95% confidence level of sample selection. The study reveals that the limitations and deficiencies of internal labour market like lack of new job creation, low productivity, very low employment elasticity, low female participation rate etc. are prevailing in internal labour market of Bangladesh, which creates the situation of unemployment. While analyzing the economic drivers of migration it is found that Bangladeshi workers go abroad to enjoy better employment opportunity, reduce poverty at home and  uplift life standard and so on. If the weaknesses in the domestic labour market can be taken care of, the employment of workers at home will increase and at the same time an environment may be created for overseas employment at higher wages. From this perspective, this study may help policy makers and concerned stakeholders to make appropriate policies and take actions accordingly.

Keywords: Labour Market, Labour force, Migration, Middle Eastern Countries, Unemployment.

 

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Title:Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives
Author:A. G. Al-Morshed
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:24/10/2021
Date of Publication:13/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/844.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:29-43
First Page:29
Last Page:43
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

A. G. Al-Morshed (2021). Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 29-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/844.pdf

 

About Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed, PhD Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975

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An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020 Shahnaz Parvin

An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020

Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin

Abstract

­

This study aims at analyzing the effect of the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and interest rate on the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as well as the nature of them in Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020 years. For accomplishing the objectives, this study uses the Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) co-integration approach. The bound test provides a long run relationship of the explanatory variables with the dependent variable. The result of error correction representation of the short run dynamics reveals that a self –adjusting mechanism of -0.452 exists. In the long run, FDI has a positive impact on the GDP which is statistically significant at 1% level. On the contrary, FDI, interest rate and the lagged GDP have significant influence on the economics growth which is also statistically significant (p<0.05). This study finds a higher FDI leads to better economic growth as well as higher interest rate may lead decline in the GDP. So, policy makers should adopt policies in favor of the positive FDI for having higher economic growth although it has many conflicts between higher GDP and economic wellbeing.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest Rate, Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Economics Growth, Auto Regressive Distributed Lag (ARDL).

 

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Title:An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020
Author:Shahnaz Parvin
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5658401
Media:Online & Print
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:7/11/2021
Date of Publication:9/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/843.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:19-28
First Page:19
Last Page:28
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shahnaz Parvin (2021). An association amongst Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Interest rate and Economic growth of Bangladesh from 1978 to 2020. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 19-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5658401

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/843.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin (corresponding author), Associate Professor, Department of Finance & Banking (FIB), Faculty of Business Studies, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5658401

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Multilateral Trade Resistance, International Competitiveness and African International Exports: A Network Perspective Getachew Magnar Kitila & Fuzhong Chen

Multilateral Trade Resistance, International Competitiveness and African International Exports: A Network Perspective

Author (s)

Getachew Magnar Kitila & Fuzhong Chen

Abstract

­

Understanding and interpreting trade flows between trading partners/countries requires knowing whether countries are hubs or peripherals in the global trade network. These network statistics have been included in the gravity model in recent empirical works in international trade, to capture the notion of multilateral trade resistance While the network statistics logically captures the third-country effect, the literature, especially in Africa, has mainly focused on bilateral effects between trading partners, neglecting the multilateral nature of trade.  Employing an Augmented gravity model, we estimated the effect of multilateral trade resistance/competition effect (Captured by the Clustering coefficient) and international competitiveness (captured by out-degree centrality) and importer openness (captured by in-degree centrality) on African international trade and found that these network statistics have robust and significant, but contrasting effects on African international trade flows. While an increase in degree variables increases African international trade flows on average, a higher clustering coefficient is found to have a negative impact on African export- which is consistent with the theory and our expectation. It is therefore advisable that the attention of African country exporters and policymakers should be geared towards encouraging the degree centrality and discouraging strong connection of African exporters within themselves to boost African international exports.

 Keywords: Gravity, Networks, degree centrality, clustering, Multilateral Trade Resistance, Exports, Africa.

 

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Title:Multilateral Trade Resistance, International Competitiveness and African International Exports: A Network Perspective
Author:Getachew Magnar Kitila & Fuzhong Chen
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650603
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:10
Acceptance Date:5/11/2021
Date of Publication:06/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/830.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:111-126
First Page:111
Last Page:126
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Getachew Magnar Kitila & Fuzhong Chen (2021). Multilateral Trade Resistance, International Competitiveness and African International Exports: A Network Perspective. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 111-126. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650603

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/830.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Getachew Magnar Kitila (corresponding author), School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029, China and Department of Economics, Wollega University, Ethiopia.

Fuzhong Chen, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650603

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The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China Ma Ji Qiang

The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China

Author (s)

Ma Ji Qiang

Abstract

­Enterprises are the cells of the economic system and society, the majority of workers and the government have close ties with enterprises, the occurrence of the financial crisis is, on the surface, an economic problem, but also a social problem.  After more than 40 years of reform and opening up, Chinese companies have accumulated richer growth experience. However, realizing the sustainable growth of enterprises is still a major issue that enterprises are actively exploring. That is to say, what forces should the growth of enterprises rely on and what is the fundamental driving force to promote the growth of enterprises. This paper discusses these issues from the perspective of enterprise cohesion. This paper takes a foreign trade conference as an opportunity, where the participating enterprises came from all over the country and the distribution is representative. The paper uses questionnaire surveys to measure corporate cohesion from two dimensions: interpersonal cohesion and task cohesion. The influencing factors of cohesion in the growth of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises are analyzed. This paper provides a brief introduction to the cohesion components of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises, and focuses on four aspects of the enterprise: attractiveness cohesion, structural cohesion, maintenance cohesion, and external environment. It analyzes the influencing factors of cohesion from different levels, and puts forward the paths and measures to cultivate and protect the cohesion of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises in China.

Keywords: Cohesion, Foreign trade enterprises, Growth, Survey.

 

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Title:The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China
Author:Ma Ji Qiang
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583
Media:Online & Print
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:5/11/2021
Date of Publication:6/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/842.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:12-18
First Page:12
Last Page:18
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ma Ji Qiang (2021). The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 12-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/842.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Ma Ji Qiang, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583

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The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU) Aka Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong

The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU)

Author (s)

Aka  Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong

Abstract

­

Using panel data for eight West African Economic Monetary Union (WEAMU) nations spanning 12 years from 2005 to 2017. We investigate the impact of systematic risk variables on domestic investment from 2005 to 2017. The empirical data reveal that the currency rate and inflation have a considerable influence on domestic investment in these WEAMU nations. The exchange rate has a positive coefficient, which implies that other factors remain constant; a one-unit increase in the exchange rate increases domestic investment in WEAMU by US$3.79 million; and inflation has a negative coefficient, which implies that other factors remain constant; a one-percentage-point increase in the inflation rate decreases domestic investment in WEAMU by 62.56 percent. Political unrest and interest rates are insignificant. This requires the governments of the individual nations to stabilize inflation and currency rates in order to reduce the systemic risks that the financial industry faces.

 Keywords: Systematic risk determinants, Domestic investment, Growth,WAEMU.

 

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Title:The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU)
Author:Aka  Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5643607
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:10
Acceptance Date:27/05/2021
Date of Publication:03/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/829.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:103-110
First Page:103
Last Page:110
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Aka  Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong (2021). The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU).International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 103-110.doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5643607

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/829.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Aka  Messouma C. (Corresponding author), Ph.D. student at Central University of Finance and Economics, China.

Dr. AKA Messou J., Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing, China.

Professor ZHANG Biqiong, Central University of Economics and Finance , Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5643607