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Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar

Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks

Author (s)

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar

Abstract

­

Due to the need to maintain confidentiality, redundancy, and openness, the usage of Blockchain and other DLTs has dramatically advanced in recent years, and is being recommended for various applications. In blockchain, these capabilities are supplied by means of hash functions and public-key encryption. However, the rapid development of quantum computation in the near future has opened the door to the Grover and Shor algorithms. These algorithms challenge both public and hash encryption, causing blockchains to redesign and use quantum attack-tolerant cryptosystems; this produces cryptosystems which are considered post-quantum cryptosystems, which are quantum-resistant. This paper reviews current scientists on quantum blockchain for such purposes. In addition, the major challenges are studied with the most important post-quantum blockchain systems. In addition, the most promising post quantum signature encryption and digital blockchain signature schemes are detailed in terms of the functionality and durability of the most promising public signatures. In this article, researchers and developers in blockchain have an extensive perspective and practical advice on post-quantum blockchain protection.

 Keywords: Blockchain, cryptography, post-quantum, quantum-resistant, quantum computing, blockchain security.

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Title: Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks
Author: Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497732
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 01/02/2021
Date of Publication: 03/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/691.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 116-125
First Page: 116
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar (2021). Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(3), 116-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497732

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/691.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid,  Raparin University, Sulaimany, Iraq. Email:eng.zhwan90@uor.edu.krd.

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497732

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Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar

Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions

Author (s)

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar

Abstract

­

Blockchain technology has lately become widely regarded, partially because of the surge in cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and their ability to be a force for economic and financial shift. While tokenomics also helped push blockchain in mainstream, this technology’s strengths are far more than crypt-monetary. Often known as distributed leader technologies, it is hypothesized that blockchain would serve like a catalyst for global disruptions and that blockchain-based applications in many industries such as the supply chain; the medical and legal fields are now being developed and implemented. By simultaneous research, we prove that the six confirms convention is vulnerable to peer-to-peer latency in the network and show just how readily PoW mining is broken. The divergences between these latest blocks open the transactions in question to the possibility that the blockchain fork will not be used. We concentrate on evaluating block detection accuracy and the breach of the six confirmed blockchain agreement.

 Keywords: Blockchain, network latency, PoW, cryptocurrency, IoT.

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Title: Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions
Author: Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497512
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 01/02/2021
Date of Publication: 03/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/687.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 71-82
First Page: 71
Last Page: 82
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar (2021). Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(3), 71-82. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497512

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/687.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497512