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Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid

Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid

Abstract

­Internet of Things (IoT) has grown quickly and receives considerable interest in academia and the market. However, the absence of basic technologies in protection leads to risks and security flaws in IoT privacy. IoT technologies vary from a mission-critical predicament to business-oriented applications (for example, smart grid networks, smart mobility systems, video monitoring, and eHealth) (e.g., Banking, transportation and contract law insurance) (Askar et al., 2011; Al Majeed et al, 2014). Comprehensive security support is required for IoT, particularly for task-critical applications and for business applications downstream. There have been proposals and/or utilizations of some safety methods or approaches. The platform blockchain has been suggested as an outsourced and distributed solution to guarantee protection standards and to motivate the growth of the IoT due to its decentralization and disclosure. A Blockchain is a database that store sequential manner, in multiple machine memories faulty to its opponents, any processed transactions – or records. Both participating customers share these purchases. The details shall not be stored as a public directory; each node user or device is equipped with the same directory as any other node user. In this article, present the basic blockchain structure and outline the safety criteria for developing IoT and then discuss how the IoT using’s protection tools and technologies can be used via BC. Also identify the most pertinent IoT technology frameworks based on blockchain. In addition, reviewing numbers of researches provides securing IoT based on BC finally, discuss several challenges will face of IoT and BC.

 Keywords: Blockchain, IoT, Security, cryptocurrency, 5G, blockchain security.

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Title: Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222704
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/757.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 209-224
First Page: 209
Last Page: 224
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid (2021). Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 209-224. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222704

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/757.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Raparin University, Sulaimany, Iraq. Email: eng.zhwan90@uor.edu.krd.

Tarik A. Rashid, Professor, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hawler, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222704

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Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Abstract

­A basic blockchain system is characterized as the ordered list for the used nodes and links where these nodes are entitled for storing information and chains connect these links. This technology mainly facilitates the development and management of the availability for the publicly available and required resources and ledger of transactions. This technology also supports the development of the cryptocurrency-based operation and performance evaluation for the technological management. This paper has analyzed different components of Blockchain concepts and evaluated the potential development, structural components, risks, applications within the present-day technological world.

 Keywords: Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, Ethereum, database, Blockchain systems.

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Title: Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks
Author: Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221972
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/753.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 163-173
First Page: 163
Last Page: 173
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem (2021). Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 163-173. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221972

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/753.pdf

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, College of Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

Shahab Wahhab Kareem, Lecturer, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221972

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Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar

Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks

Author (s)

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar

Abstract

­

Due to the need to maintain confidentiality, redundancy, and openness, the usage of Blockchain and other DLTs has dramatically advanced in recent years, and is being recommended for various applications. In blockchain, these capabilities are supplied by means of hash functions and public-key encryption. However, the rapid development of quantum computation in the near future has opened the door to the Grover and Shor algorithms. These algorithms challenge both public and hash encryption, causing blockchains to redesign and use quantum attack-tolerant cryptosystems; this produces cryptosystems which are considered post-quantum cryptosystems, which are quantum-resistant. This paper reviews current scientists on quantum blockchain for such purposes. In addition, the major challenges are studied with the most important post-quantum blockchain systems. In addition, the most promising post quantum signature encryption and digital blockchain signature schemes are detailed in terms of the functionality and durability of the most promising public signatures. In this article, researchers and developers in blockchain have an extensive perspective and practical advice on post-quantum blockchain protection.

 Keywords: Blockchain, cryptography, post-quantum, quantum-resistant, quantum computing, blockchain security.

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Title: Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks
Author: Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497732
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 01/02/2021
Date of Publication: 03/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/691.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 116-125
First Page: 116
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar (2021). Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(3), 116-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497732

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/691.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid,  Raparin University, Sulaimany, Iraq. Email:eng.zhwan90@uor.edu.krd.

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497732

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Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar

Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions

Author (s)

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar

Abstract

­

Blockchain technology has lately become widely regarded, partially because of the surge in cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and their ability to be a force for economic and financial shift. While tokenomics also helped push blockchain in mainstream, this technology’s strengths are far more than crypt-monetary. Often known as distributed leader technologies, it is hypothesized that blockchain would serve like a catalyst for global disruptions and that blockchain-based applications in many industries such as the supply chain; the medical and legal fields are now being developed and implemented. By simultaneous research, we prove that the six confirms convention is vulnerable to peer-to-peer latency in the network and show just how readily PoW mining is broken. The divergences between these latest blocks open the transactions in question to the possibility that the blockchain fork will not be used. We concentrate on evaluating block detection accuracy and the breach of the six confirmed blockchain agreement.

 Keywords: Blockchain, network latency, PoW, cryptocurrency, IoT.

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Title: Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions
Author: Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497512
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 01/02/2021
Date of Publication: 03/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/687.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 71-82
First Page: 71
Last Page: 82
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq & Shavan Askar (2021). Evaluating the Impact of Network Latency on the Safety of Blockchain Transactions. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(3), 71-82. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497512

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/687.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497512