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Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa

Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the impacts inflation and exchange rate on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bangladesh. To meet the purpose of the study, time series data on dependent and independent variables are collected from various secondary sources covering the period 1980 to 2017. For estimation purpose the study employs different econometric techniques such as Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test, Johansen Co-integration Test, and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). Apart from these, various diagnostic tests have been applied to evaluate the goodness-of-fit of the model. Results of the study reveal that there exists a long-run relationship between dependent and independent variables. Inflation rate is found to have a significant negative impact on FDI in the long-run but it is insignificant in the short-run. The results also show that exchange rate has a significant positive relationship with FDI both in the long-run and short-run. That is, depreciation of Bangladeshi taka against US dollar induces FDI flows in Bangladesh. Therefore, in order to increase the flow of FDI in Bangladesh, it is essential to take necessary steps to curb high inflation and to prevent the devaluation of oreign currencies against Bangladeshi taka.

 Keywords: FDI, Inflation Rate, Exchange Rate, Co-integration, ADF, VECM.

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Title: Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh
Author: Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 16/10/2020
Date of Publication: 20/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/610.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 53-69
First Page: 53
Last Page: 69
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa (2020). Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 53-69. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/610.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa, Assistant Professor (Economics), Officer on Special Duty, Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education, Bangladesh, Dhaka, and Ph.D. Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi. E-mail: mahmud.bcs@gmail.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319

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The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman

The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman

Abstract

Many are the presumptions of the effect of Foreign aid on growth on one side and the effect of Foreign Direct investment (FDI) on the other side. Our research empirically examines the impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on economic growth of Sub-Saharan African countries. To do so, we answer three questions: What drives the economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? What are the impacts of FDI and Foreign Aid on economic growth? and which relationship does exist in one part between FDI and economic growth and the other part between Foreign Aid and economic growth? To tackle our objectives we formulated four hypotheses with Gravity model and Two Stages Generalized Method of Moment analysis. Our findings lead us to conclude: Firstly, three fundamental factors responsible for the economic growth: the country fundamentals (the population, the capital formation), the governance implication (governance effectiveness, Regulatory Quality), and the macro stabilities (Foreign Direct Investment, Foreign Aid, Trade) are responsible and the key factors for the growth in SSA. Secondly, FDI and Aid have a positive and highly significant effect on the GDP. Thirdly, FDI and Aid have short run relationship with the economic growth. And fourthly, our result fall in line with others which have found that domestic factors are vital in promoting the growth effects of FDI. Nevertheless, the findings of this study diverge from others in the literature studies. Even though other researches in the literature works hypothesize that FDI has no absolute positive effect on growth, this study finds that FDI plays a direct role in promoting growth.

Keywords: FDI, Foreign Aid, Economic Growth, Sub-Saharan Africa, Governance Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality.

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Title: The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3870562
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 17/05/2020
Date of Publication: 31/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/554.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 53-70
First Page: 53
Last Page: 70
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman (2020). The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 53-70. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3870562

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/531.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Tunde Ahmed Afolabi, Ph.D. School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China, sirdanielastro12@yahoo.com

Imran Ur Rahman, (Corresponding Author) Associate Professor, Ph.D., Center for Trans-Himalaya Studies, Leshan Normal University, Sichuan China, 2388018157@qq.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3870562