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The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China Ma Ji Qiang

The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China

Author (s)

Ma Ji Qiang

Abstract

­Enterprises are the cells of the economic system and society, the majority of workers and the government have close ties with enterprises, the occurrence of the financial crisis is, on the surface, an economic problem, but also a social problem.  After more than 40 years of reform and opening up, Chinese companies have accumulated richer growth experience. However, realizing the sustainable growth of enterprises is still a major issue that enterprises are actively exploring. That is to say, what forces should the growth of enterprises rely on and what is the fundamental driving force to promote the growth of enterprises. This paper discusses these issues from the perspective of enterprise cohesion. This paper takes a foreign trade conference as an opportunity, where the participating enterprises came from all over the country and the distribution is representative. The paper uses questionnaire surveys to measure corporate cohesion from two dimensions: interpersonal cohesion and task cohesion. The influencing factors of cohesion in the growth of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises are analyzed. This paper provides a brief introduction to the cohesion components of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises, and focuses on four aspects of the enterprise: attractiveness cohesion, structural cohesion, maintenance cohesion, and external environment. It analyzes the influencing factors of cohesion from different levels, and puts forward the paths and measures to cultivate and protect the cohesion of small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises in China.

Keywords: Cohesion, Foreign trade enterprises, Growth, Survey.

 

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Title:The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China
Author:Ma Ji Qiang
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583
Media:Online & Print
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:5/11/2021
Date of Publication:6/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/842.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:12-18
First Page:12
Last Page:18
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ma Ji Qiang (2021). The Cohesion of Small and Medium-sized Foreign Trade Enterprises and their Growth in China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 12-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/842.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Ma Ji Qiang, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5650583

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The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU) Aka Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong

The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU)

Author (s)

Aka  Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong

Abstract

­

Using panel data for eight West African Economic Monetary Union (WEAMU) nations spanning 12 years from 2005 to 2017. We investigate the impact of systematic risk variables on domestic investment from 2005 to 2017. The empirical data reveal that the currency rate and inflation have a considerable influence on domestic investment in these WEAMU nations. The exchange rate has a positive coefficient, which implies that other factors remain constant; a one-unit increase in the exchange rate increases domestic investment in WEAMU by US$3.79 million; and inflation has a negative coefficient, which implies that other factors remain constant; a one-percentage-point increase in the inflation rate decreases domestic investment in WEAMU by 62.56 percent. Political unrest and interest rates are insignificant. This requires the governments of the individual nations to stabilize inflation and currency rates in order to reduce the systemic risks that the financial industry faces.

 Keywords: Systematic risk determinants, Domestic investment, Growth,WAEMU.

 

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Title:The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU)
Author:Aka  Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5643607
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:10
Acceptance Date:27/05/2021
Date of Publication:03/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/829.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:103-110
First Page:103
Last Page:110
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Aka  Messouma C., AKA Messou J., & ZHANG Biqiong (2021). The effect of Systematic Risk Determinants on Domestic Investment in West African Economic Monetary Union (WAEMU).International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 103-110.doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5643607

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/829.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Aka  Messouma C. (Corresponding author), Ph.D. student at Central University of Finance and Economics, China.

Dr. AKA Messou J., Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing, China.

Professor ZHANG Biqiong, Central University of Economics and Finance , Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5643607

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Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Abstract

­

In this paper, we attempted to test whether the governance has a positive impact on the structural change in SSA or not.  For the cause, we used the six indexes of the Institutional Quality namely Government Effectiveness, Rule of Law, Control of Corruption, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Regulatory Quality, Voice of Accountability to see their impact on the structural change in SSA. We use 46 SSA countries from worldwide governance indicator of World Bank from 1996 to 2016 in a Generalized Method of Moment and Generalized Least Square regressions. The results show that only the Government Effectiveness is positively affecting the value added (proxy of structural change) of three sectors (agriculture, industry and service) of the SSA economies.   Some affect positively one sector and negatively another sector, while the rest are insignificant for one sector and negative for other as example. Our results show that more efforts need to be done for the betterment of the institutional quality considering each sector’s particularity.

 Keywords: Structural change, Growth, SSA, Governance, Value Added, GLS, GMM.

 

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Title:Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author:Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:8
Acceptance Date:12/07/2021
Date of Publication:16/07/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/797.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:260-277
First Page:260
Last Page:277
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou (2021). Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 260-277. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243

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About Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. Email: sirdanielstro12@yahoo.fr

Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline (corresponding author), University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.  Email: raymondosandra@163.com

Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, China. Email:naziroucouscous@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243