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Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter

Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach

Author (s)

Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter

Abstract

Environmental degradation affects the health status of many people all over the world. Bangladesh is one of the most polluted countries, and every year 96,000 children died before reaching their fifth birthday because of environmental pollution. The present study has attempted to explore the pollution effect on the life expectancy of Bangladesh by analyzing the annual data from 1974 to 2014. The study has relied on the ARDL bounds test for checking the long-run association that can allow the admixture of I(0) and I(1) series (but inapplicable for I(2) series). The study scrutinized the unit root problems by running the widely used Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test. Besides, other essential tests associated with the ARDL, like the normality test, serial correlation test, heteroskedasticity test, model specification test, and parameter stability test were also performed. The study found a significant negative impact of environmental degradation on life expectancy both in the short- and long-run. Therefore, the study suggests the proper implementation of environmental protection laws and regulations.

 Keywords: Environmental degradation, life expectancy, Bangladesh, ARDL bounds test.

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Title: Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach
Author: Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4266173
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 06/11/2020
Date of Publication: 10/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/626.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 69-79
First Page: 69
Last Page: 79
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter (2020). Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 69-79. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4266173

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/626.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Saddam Hossain, M. SC., Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.Email: khaleda.nur.econju@gamil.com

Mt. Ayesha Siddika, MSS student, Department of Economics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

Israt Jahan Koly, MSS student, Department of Economics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4266173

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Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin

Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation

Author (s)

Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin

Abstract

Using the annual data from 1983 to 2016, the study attempted to explore the role of globalization and financial development on life expectancy in South Asian countries, at the presence of economic growth and pollution. The study employed the panel quantile regression (median) technique that could provide reliable results in the presence of heteroskedasticity and cross-section dependence in residuals, while pooled OLS, fixed effect and random effect models were not. Estimated results confirm that the model is correctly specified, and there is no asymmetry in quantiles. This study has found a significant positive impact for economic growth, globalization, and financial development, and a significant negative impact for environmental pollution on life expectancy in the study countries. So, policymakers have to promote globalization and financial development to improve the population’s health status, besides controlling environmental pollution.

 Keywords: Life expectancy, globalization, financial development, environmental pollution, panel quantile regression.

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Title: Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation
Author: Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 20/10/2020
Date of Publication: 25/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/613.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 82-92
First Page: 82
Last Page: 92
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin (2020). Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 82-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/613.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh.

Zerin Tasnime, Lecturer, Department of Finance & Banking, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

S.M. Nasir Uddin, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000