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Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives A. G. Al-Morshed

Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives

Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed

Abstract

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International labor migration contributes to the economy of Bangladesh in the context of reducing unemployment and earnings through remittances. According to government statistics, total population of Bangladesh is 16 crore 37 lakh and labour force is 6 crore 35 lakh with 27 lakh as unemployed. Every year 2 million labour force is being added Bangladeshi labour market and around 1 million usually for overseas employment in 165 countries around the world.  Time series data shows that about 80% percent of the total expatriate workers of Bangladesh migrated to MECs like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Kuwait and others. This paper aims at finding the labour market context at homeland and the economic causes of migration. Both primary and secondary sources of data are used in this study. Primary data have been collected through a questionnaire survey from three districts with most migrants and 227 respondents were calculated based on 95% confidence level of sample selection. The study reveals that the limitations and deficiencies of internal labour market like lack of new job creation, low productivity, very low employment elasticity, low female participation rate etc. are prevailing in internal labour market of Bangladesh, which creates the situation of unemployment. While analyzing the economic drivers of migration it is found that Bangladeshi workers go abroad to enjoy better employment opportunity, reduce poverty at home and  uplift life standard and so on. If the weaknesses in the domestic labour market can be taken care of, the employment of workers at home will increase and at the same time an environment may be created for overseas employment at higher wages. From this perspective, this study may help policy makers and concerned stakeholders to make appropriate policies and take actions accordingly.

Keywords: Labour Market, Labour force, Migration, Middle Eastern Countries, Unemployment.

 

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Title:Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives
Author:A. G. Al-Morshed
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:11
Acceptance Date:24/10/2021
Date of Publication:13/11/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/844.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:29-43
First Page:29
Last Page:43
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

A. G. Al-Morshed (2021). Labour Migration to Middle Eastern Countries: Labour Market Scenario in Bangladesh and Migrants’ Perspectives. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(11), 29-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/844.pdf

 

About Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed, PhD Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5688975

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Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif

Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond:

Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities

Author (s)

Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif

Abstract

­

This paper has been explored on women’s participation in household decision-making in contrast to their male partner’s international migration. This paper also focuses on women’s adaptive mechanisms in the case of attaining and doing social, including the decision regarding kinship relation maintain both blood relations and marital relations. Also, it focuses on participation in various symbolic activities, religious and social festivals and rituals, encountering psycho-social crisis within the family and its beyond and economic activities, including managing the household, income-generating activities, investing money, and consumption pattern. The findings of this study were generated from the village Qadirpur in Comilla district in Bangladesh. The researchers collected primary data by employing qualitative tools and techniques of data collection, including observation, participant observation, case study, informal interview, and key informant interview method of doing ethnographic fieldwork. The timeframe of this study is February 2017 to November 2017. The researchers collected data from the respondents of migrant’s families. The respondents were selected by the purposive sampling method and intended to collect data and information from the migrants’ family members only. Finally, this study’s findings claim that women in the studied village opine a new dimension of empowerment beyond the orthodox view of women empowerment both homestead and its outside also. However, this can be acted as an alternative model of women’s empowerment in the rural area.

 Keywords: Adaptation, gender, empowerment, migration, kinship, household.

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Title:Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities
Author:Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:5
Acceptance Date:03/08/2021
Date of Publication:14/08/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/736.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:183-189
First Page:183
Last Page:189
Paper Type:Case study
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif (2021). Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 183-189. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/736.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Asaduzzaman, Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Comilla University, Bangladesh.

Asif Ekbal Arif (corresponding author), Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Bangladesh. Email: dm.aekbalarif@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474

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Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost A. G. Al-Morshed

Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost

Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed

Abstract

­

International migration has emerged as an important aspect of Bangladesh in the context of surplus labour and unemployment. As our resource is limited comparing to the large population, it is difficult to create job opportunities for all. Therefore, a portion of Bangladeshi labourers temporarily goes abroad for their livelihood and return after certain period. There are many obstacles in going abroad where high migration cost is the highest one and it is a serious bar to economic profitability in migration. This paper aims at finding out the overall cost condition of migration and its negatives effects.  Both type of primary and secondary data is used in this study. Primary data is collected through questionnaire survey from three districts of Bangladesh and the secondary data from the reports of national and international organizations and scholarly articles.  It is found that the cost of migration is very high in Bangladesh compared to neighboring countries like India, Pakistan, Nepal and others. The cost burden ruins migrant’s life cycle psychologically and economically. In fact, the responsible authorities fail to reduce cost burden of expatriates. This study will bring the gruesomeness of migration cost to the fore of policy makers that will play a vital role in realizing the unexpected situation.  Policy makers and concern authorities can pay more attention and provide logistic support to reduce migration cost. This will increase migration and volume of inward remittances, and will bring back comport to migrant’s life.

 Keywords: Migration, Migrant, Migration cost, Middle Eastern Countries, Profitability.

 

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Title:Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost
Author:A. G. Al-Morshed
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:9
Acceptance Date:12/06/2021
Date of Publication:20/06/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/801.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:1-13
First Page:1
Last Page:13
Paper Type:Research Paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

A. G. Al-Morshed (2021). Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 1-13. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/801.pdf

 

About Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed, PhD Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.  email: morshedfm26@gmailcom

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295