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Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Abstract

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In this paper, we attempted to test whether the governance has a positive impact on the structural change in SSA or not.  For the cause, we used the six indexes of the Institutional Quality namely Government Effectiveness, Rule of Law, Control of Corruption, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Regulatory Quality, Voice of Accountability to see their impact on the structural change in SSA. We use 46 SSA countries from worldwide governance indicator of World Bank from 1996 to 2016 in a Generalized Method of Moment and Generalized Least Square regressions. The results show that only the Government Effectiveness is positively affecting the value added (proxy of structural change) of three sectors (agriculture, industry and service) of the SSA economies.   Some affect positively one sector and negatively another sector, while the rest are insignificant for one sector and negative for other as example. Our results show that more efforts need to be done for the betterment of the institutional quality considering each sector’s particularity.

 Keywords: Structural change, Growth, SSA, Governance, Value Added, GLS, GMM.

 

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Title: Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author: Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2021
Date of Publication: 16/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/797.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 260-277
First Page: 260
Last Page: 277
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou (2021). Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 260-277. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/797.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. Email: sirdanielstro12@yahoo.fr

Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline (corresponding author), University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.  Email: raymondosandra@163.com

Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, China. Email:naziroucouscous@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243

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The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative

Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

Abstract

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This study was conducted to analyze the effect of China’s investment on the business environment and Economic growth of Sub-Saharan Africa countries in the perspective of BRI. The study used a neoclassical growth of Solow-type growth model and panel data analysis from the period of 2003 to 2018 on 43 SSA countries for the investment. Two panel regressions were estimated using time and country fixed effects through the fixed effect study result showed that the Chinese investment in the perspective of BRI has positive and statically significant effect on the economic growth and business environment of Sub-Saharan African countries. Which the Chinese investment studied in SSA countries is not a threat and normalized the negative attitude of some western researchers about Sino-Africa. China should have to revise the policy of investment in all countries in the region. Before Chinese FDI flow to the region it should have to study the environment for investment, business, policy and need of the countries. Chinese FDI should have assurance new knowledge, capital and infrastructure in the SSA countries to develop their business policy towards BRI. Besides, there is luck of full data and information of the Chinese FDI to SSA which has a limits research and complete analysis to help policy making with difficult measuring because of all each country has different resources, political systems and histories which has a lack of a uniform and clear model does not all variables might exact influence to the economic growth. Finally, it has an advantage to SSA countries and it will help for the future base of Sino-Africa BRI research and emphasized both relationships.

 Keywords: China, SSA, FDI, Economic Growth, BRI.

 

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Title: The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative
Author: Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934789
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 10/06/2021
Date of Publication: 12/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/790.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 161-182
First Page: 161
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu (2021). The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 161-182. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4934789

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/790.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss  (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: weldegebrielabraha@gmail.com, DE201665026

Xia Youfu, International trade and industrial economics, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: youfuxia@china.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934789

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New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative

Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

Abstract

­

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Chinese investment and trade on the business environment and Economic growth of Sub-Saharan Africa countries in the perspective of Belt and Road Initiative to improving the regional business environment and economy. The contribution of Chinese FDI and Trade has a positive significant effect to the economic growth of SSA and to linking with the international Business. The study used the BRI countries before and after starts from 2007-2011 and 2012-2018 respectively in 36 SSA countries. The new cooperation of Sino- SSA countries is not a threat and normalized the negative attitude of some western researchers about Sino-Africa. In order to more emphasize for all countries both China and SSA countries should do and revise their policy towards BRI. Also, it has an advantage to SSA countries and this study will help for the future base of Sino-Africa Belt and Road initiative research and emphasized both relationships.

 Keywords: China, SSA, Investment, Trade, Economic Growth, BRI.

 

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Title: New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative
Author: Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934696
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 10/06/2021
Date of Publication: 12/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/789.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 139-160
First Page: 139
Last Page: 160
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu (2021). New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 139-160. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934696

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/789.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss  (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: weldegebrielabraha@gmail.com, DE201665026

Xia Youfu, International trade and industrial economics, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: youfuxia@china.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934696

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Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis

Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Abstract

Many African countries are still being faced with basic welfare issues such as hunger and extreme poverty, sparking debates among researchers and policy makers on whether the continent can endogenously leverage its agricultural potentials to address these challenges. To contribute to these debates, this study employs a panel data spanning 26 year (1990-2015) and including 13 ECOWAS countries to analyze the impact of production factors on agricultural productivity and examine the question of whether and how agriculture can serve as a tool for growth and poverty alleviation in the region. By linearizing the Cobb-Douglas production function and using fixed effects (FE) with country dummies, we find positive and significant relationship between lands cultivated, physical and financial capitals, as opposed to labor employed on agricultural productivity. Next, by using 2SLS/IV and GMM/IV methods, we show that agricultural productivity can be a pro-growth and counter-poverty tool. Furthermore we find that non-agricultural productivity interacts significantly with agricultural productivity and that agricultural productivity gap (APG) decreases both growth and poverty index. Following these results, we chart the transmission mechanisms for policy makers that will allow them to understand the linkages and pathways through which agricultural productivity affects the entire economy.

Key words: Agricultural productivity, agricultural productivity gap (APG), production factors, economic growth, poverty reduction, ECOWAS, SSA, Africa.

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Title: Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis
Author:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 07/07/2020
Date of Publication: 08/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 97-125
First Page: 97
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (2020). Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Scientific Reports, 2(1), 97-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, PhD, Industrial Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Jiong Gong, Professor of Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (Corresponding Author), PhD, International Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367