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Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in Bangladesh: A Review Md. Nur Islam & Md. Abdul Wadud

Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in Bangladesh:  A Review

Author (s)

Md. Nur Islam & Md. Abdul Wadud

Abstract

Bangladesh is a severely more vulnerable country to climate variation; its impact on agricultural production is extensive due to its different effects.   The effect depends on its geographical location and environmental awareness. Impact of climate variation on agriculture is a global concern. Therefore in Bangladesh where lives and livelihood depend on agriculture, it’s becoming a great threat for national food safekeeping. The review study endeavors to reveal the possible impact of climate change on agricultural production in Bangladesh covering the period from 1972 to 2019. Bangladesh has already begun to experience a negative impact. Temperature is progressively rising; river bank erosion, frequency of floods, magnitude of cyclone, storm surge, salinity intrusion, and the volatility of precipitation has enhanced compared to the past that led to the possibility of reducing agricultural production. For instance, climate alteration has become more concern for country’s food safety. This is now the proper time to take and set up proper rules and guidelines through an inflexible outlook. The Bangladesh government tries to reduce the consequence of climate variation through the help of various national and international organizations. An inclusive measurement is ensured to enhance the competency of encountering climate change; otherwise it would be the cost of massive loss, particularly on agriculture in Bangladesh.

 Keywords: Climate Change, Agricultural Production, Precipitation, Temperature, Global Warming,  Sea Level Rising, Natural Disaster,  Salinity.

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Title: Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in Bangladesh:  A Review
Author: Md. Nur Islam & Md. Abdul Wadud
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4296562
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 07/10/2020
Date of Publication: 30/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/594.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 125-137
First Page: 125
Last Page: 137
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Nur Islam & Md. Abdul Wadud (2020). Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in Bangladesh:  A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 125-137. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4296562

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/594.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Nur Islam (corresponding author), Assistant  Professor, Economics; OSD, DSHE, Ministry of Education, Bangladesh & PhD Research Fellow, Institute of Environmental Science (IES), University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh.

Dr. Md. Abdul Wadud, Professor  & Chairman, Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4296562

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Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM) Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan

  Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM)

Author (s)

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan

Abstract

In this study, an attempt has been made to simulate the Heat Wave conditions in temperature range of ≥ 36ºC and its associated thermodynamic features over Bangladesh from 19 may to 25 May, 2017, using Advanced Research and Forecasting Model (WRF-ARW) – version 4.0. The WRF model was run for 6 days on a single domain of 10 km. horizontal resolution, using 6 hourly GFS datasets from 0000 UTC of each starting day of the required events as initial and lateral boundary conditions. For simulation, Kessler Scheme (KF) for microphysics, Yonsei University Scheme (YUS) for Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) parametrization, Rapid Radiative Transfer Model (RRTM) for long wave radiation, and Dudhia Scheme (DS) for short wave radiation and Kain- Fritsch (KF) scheme for cumulus parametrization were used. The models have been analyzed numerically using several meteorological parameters such as Mean Sea Level Pressure, Relative Humidity, Temperature, Wind Pattern, Rainfall and Latent Heat, and the output is visualized by Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS) and surfer. To validate the model performance, model-simulated values of Relative Humidity, Temperature (maximum) and Mean Sea Level Pressure were compared with observed data (Bangladesh Meteorological Department). From the analysis it is clear that the performance of the model is reasonably well to the observations, so that for the up-coming events for extreme temperature conditions the model can be used for the prediction which will bring social and economic benefits.

Keywords: Latent Heat, Relative Humidity, Temperature, Mean Sea Level, Simulation.

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Title: Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM)
Author:

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839997
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 17/05/2020
Date of Publication: 22/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/553.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 44-52
First Page: 44
Last Page: 52
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan (2020). Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM). International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 44-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839997

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/531.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Alumni, Environmental Science and Management, North South University,        Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Meteorologist, Storm Warming Center, Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Bangladesh

Md. Sajadul Alam, (Corresponding Author) GIS Analyst, Environmental Science and Management,     North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Alumni, Environmental Science and Management, North South University,        Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Tanjila Islam, Senior   Officer-MEAL, Climate Change Adaptation, Save the Children in Bangladesh

Imtiaz Ahmad, Benefit Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist, Food and Agriculture Organization of      the United Nations, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Kaniz Fatema, Senior Programme Associate, Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) Unit, United Nation’s World Food Programme, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Nazmul Ahsan Khan, Professor and Proctor, Environmental Science and Management, North South   University, Dhaka Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839997