Management of HIV positive patients by direct approach from dental service providers of Bangladesh
Khadija Leena, Mafiun Nafisa Huq, Rabeya Ahmed, Abdullah Enam, Probal Kumar Mondal, Afsana Anwar & Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan
People affected by HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) experience a variety of oral health issues. The study’s goal was to learn about dental service providers’ perspectives on oral health treatment for HIV-positive patients in Bangladesh and develop guidelines for community-wide prevention and reduction of oral health problems. This is a qualitative study with 78 dental service providers followed by FGD, KII, and In-depth interviews. A self-administrated and semi-structured questionnaire was used to conduct the study. The social stigma and cultural attitudes associated with HIV status, according to this study, are the primary reasons why people with this health status do not report their health issues to their service providers. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection puts people at risk of a variety of oral health issues. Oral health disorders, such as chronic dry mouth, gingivitis, periodontitis, oral warts, fever blisters, oral candidiasis, and dental caries, are more common in HIV/AIDS patients and can lead to additional health problems. Lack of an institutional protocol for keeping HIV status information shared with a dental practitioner secret and used only for the purpose for which it was given. Because most lesions of HIV infection are present orally during the early stages of the disease, the majority of interviewees agreed that the oral health care environment is a beneficial place for early detection. Eagerness to treat HIV/AIDS patients appears to be linked to their understanding of the disease process, oral manifestations, and modes of transmission, influencing health workers’ approach to managing HIV/AIDS patients through standardized protocols tailored to their specific needs and referrals as needed. The study suggests focusing on a comprehensive program followed by a restructuring of patient care to ensure that HIV-affected dental patients have access to safe dental treatment. Dental treatment planning must be done on a case-by-case basis, with proper discussions with the patient and their physician.
Keywords: Stigma, Discrimination, HIV, AIDS, Qualitative study.
|Title:||Management of HIV positive patients by direct approach from dental service providers of Bangladesh|
|Author:||Khadija Leena, Mafiun Nafisa Huq, Rabeya Ahmed, Abdullah Enam, Probal Kumar Mondal, Afsana Anwar & Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan|
|Journal Name:||International Journal of Science and Business|
|ISSN:||ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)|
|Issue publication (Year):||2022|
|Date of Publication:||19/03/2022|
|Paper Type:||Research Paper|
Cite This Article:
Khadija Leena, Mafiun Nafisa Huq, Rabeya Ahmed, Abdullah Enam, Probal Kumar Mondal, Afsana Anwar & Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan (2022). Management of HIV positive patients by direct approach from dental service providers of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 10(1), 123-129. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.6370182
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About Author (s)
Khadija Leena, Department of Public Health, North South University, Dhaka 1229, Bangladesh.
Mafiun Nafisa Huq, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, City Dental College, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Rabeya Ahmed, Department of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Bangladesh Medical College & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Abdullah Enam, IQVIA Solutions Bangladesh Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Probal Kumar Mondal, W A N Research & Consultancy, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Afsana Anwar, W A N Research & Consultancy, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan (Corresponding author), W A N Research & Consultancy, Dhaka, Bangladesh & Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.