Climate Change Impact on Rice Production in Bangladesh: An Econometric Analysis
Md. Nur Islam & Md. Abdul Wadud
Bangladesh’s main grain is rice, but rising climate change vulnerabilities and global warming are reducing yields of various rice crops, jeopardizing the country’s food security. As a result, the goal of this research is to see how climate change affects the production of three rice types farmed in Bangladesh (Boro, Aus, and Aman). The climate-crop yield connection is assessed using a multiple regression technique employing country-level time series data from 1972 to 2019. The results reveal that all climatic conditions had a significant influence on rice yield during the course of the study, while the affects varied between the three rice yields. Rainfall is critical for all rice crops, with benefits for Aus and Aman rice and drawbacks for Boro rice. Humidity, on the other hand, affects Aman and Boro rice yields in a statistically significant way. Nonetheless, in Bangladesh, the impacts of maximum temperature and rainfall on rice yield are stronger than the effects of lowest temperature and humidity. Our findings emphasize the need of developing temperature-tolerant rice cultivars and suggest that long-term agricultural expansion might help alleviate climate change’s detrimental effects.
Keywords: Climate change, rice production, food security, temperature, humidity, OLS approach, Bangladesh.
|Title:||Climate Change Impact on Rice Production in Bangladesh: An Econometric Analysis|
|Author:||Md. Nur Islam & Md. Abdul Wadud|
|Journal Name:||International Journal of Science and Business|
|ISSN:||ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)|
|Issue publication (Year):||2022|
|Date of Publication:||20/03/2022|
|Paper Type:||Research Paper|
Cite This Article:
Md. Nur Islam & Md. Abdul Wadud (2022). Climate Change Impact on Rice Production in Bangladesh: An Econometric Analysis. International Journal of Science and Business, 10(1), 130-144. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.6370904
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About Author (s)
Md. Nur Islam (Corresponding author), Assistant Professor, Economics, OSD, Ministry of Education, Bangladesh & PhD Research Fellow, Institute of Environmental Science (IES), University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh.
Dr. Md. Abdul Wadud, Professor, Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh.