ISSN: IJSB: 2520-4750 (Online), 2521-3040 (Print) JSR : 2708-7085 (online)

Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies

 Authors:  Juma Gambason Makaranga & Xiaoyan Zhou



The study has been used fixed effect and first difference estimation method in a panel data of 49 African economies to evaluate the position of the quality of institutions, stock of human capital, trade openness and inflation rate on facilitating the influence of foreign direct investment (FDI) on growth for the period between 1990 and 2016. The results showed that FDI was positively and statistically significant and contributing to growth in fixed effect estimation and insignificant in first difference estimation. Human capital showed the positive relationship with growth but statistically insignificant yet inflation rate has statistically significant with negative influence on growth. The results reveal that the contribution of FDI on growth is uplifted by the quality of the institutions, open trade and natural resources. we found strong positive coefficients on the quality of institutions implying that quality of institutions has a vital role in boosting the growth of African economies. Both interaction term between FDI and natural resources (FDI*Resource Dummy), that of FDI and human capital (FDI*HC) showed a positive relationship with growth but statistically insignificant, yet the interaction term of FDI and quality of institution (FDI*QI) reveal a negative relationship with growth. These statistical insignificant coefficients of the interaction terms signify that in order to accelerate their growth African economies should put more emphasis on reforming their institutions in line with improving their human capital in such a way that they can be able to absorb and realize the FDI spillovers into their economies.

Key words: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), quality of institutions, Human capital, trade openness, inflation rate & African Economies

Download PDF

Title:                                Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies

Authors:                          Juma Gambason MakarangaXiaoyan Zhou

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business


ISSN:                                   ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)


Media:                                 Online and Print

Volume:                             2

Issue:                                  1

Acceptance Date:          18/02/2018

Date of Publication:    19/02/2018

PDF URL:               

Free download:             Available

Page:                                   73-89

First Page:                        73

Last Page:                        89


Cite This Article:

Makaranga, J. G., & Zhou, X. (2018). Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(1), 73-89. doi:

Retrieved from


About Authors:


Juma Gambason Makaranga

(PhD student), School of Business Management

University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China

Xiaoyan Zhou

Professor,Business School

University of International Business and  Economics, Beijing, China

Download PDF


This Post Has Been Viewed 259 Times

Copyright @ IJSAB-International