The Influence of Ethical Leadership on Organizational Citizenship Behavior–Workplace Humanization as a Mediating Variable
Workplace humanization is a relatively stable trait of employees. Employees with a higher degree of work meaning, sense of community and organizational values internalize more organizational citizenship behaviors to maintain their consistency in attitudes and cognition. This paper aims to explore the influence mechanism of ethical leadership on employees’ organizational citizenship behavior in the Chinese context, especially at the spiritual level of employees, to study the mediating role of workplace humanization in it. The author analyzes organizational citizenship behavior from the perspective of traditional Chinese Confucian culture, and at the same time pays attention to China’s local leadership theory, that is, ethical leadership, which is rooted in the core element of “virtue” in Confucian ethics and has important theoretical significance for the development of leadership theory in China. This paper puts forward hypotheses, selects relevant scales suitable for China and contexts, and through empirical analysis, it is concluded that there is a significant positive correlation between ethical leadership, workplace humanization and organizational citizenship, and behavior. Two different intermediary role testing methods show that workplace humanization plays a partial intermediary role in the relationship between ethical leadership and organizational citizenship behavior. This paper argues that the impact of ethical leadership on organizational citizenship behavior occurs more at the spiritual level of employees beyond psychological responses, and points out through empirical methods that workplace humanization, as a concept that comprehensively reflects employees’ self-perception, is in ethical leadership. It plays a partial mediating role in the relationship between leadership and organizational citizenship behavior.
Keywords: Confucian ethics, Ethical leadership, Workplace humanization, Organizational citizenship behavior.
|Title:||The Influence of Ethical Leadership on Organizational Citizenship Behavior–Workplace Humanization as a Mediating Variable|
|Journal Name:||International Journal of Science and Business|
|ISSN:||ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)|
|Issue publication (Year):||2023|
|Date of Publication:||18/03/2023|
|Paper Type:||Research paper|
Cite This Article:
Gao Jian Zhuang (2023). The Influence of Ethical Leadership on Organizational Citizenship Behavior–Workplace Humanization as a Mediating Variable. International Journal of Science and Business, 20(1), 92-108. doi: https://doi.org/10.58970/IJSB.2058
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About Author (s)
Gao Jianzhuang, SMC University, Switzerland.