Spectrophotometric Study of Cr(VI) in Shaving Dust, Waste Liquor, and Wet Blue Trimming Samples Md. Amjad Hossain, Al-Amin Rabbi, & Md. Kamrul Hasan

Spectrophotometric Study of Cr(VI) in Shaving Dust, Waste Liquor, and Wet Blue Trimming Samples

Author (s)

Md. Amjad Hossain, Al-Amin Rabbi, & Md. Kamrul Hasan

Abstract

Humans are exposed to chromium ions from leather materials owing to everyday contact with different need based activities. The concern is that Cr (VI) is extremely toxic and may cause contact allergic dermatitis on the skin and may also be a trigger for a plethora of diseases, hence it is essential to monitor the presence of chromium as Cr (VI). For the determination of levels of chromium (VI) the shaving dust samples from four different tanneries and chrome liquor, and wet blue leather trimmings from three different tanneries were collected.  The fat content was determined in collected shaving dust and wet blue trimmings with the aid of Soxhlet extraction method using petroleum ether- ethanol solvent. Then the extraction of Cr (VI) from the samples was done following the standard procedure of society for Leather Chemistry with some modification. Afterwards, UV- visible spectrophotometric determination of Cr (VI) was carried out through the complex formation with 1, 5-diphenylcarbazide (DPC).  The weight percentages of fat content were found to be in the range of 2.98-3.71. Analytical grade potassium-dichromate reagent was used as a standard source of Cr (VI) in calibration process. Among the collected four shaving dust samples in three samples were found to contain Cr (VI) in the range of 1.96-2.19 mg/kg. In three analyzed wet blue trimmings samples the Cr (VI) was found to be from 1.59 to 1.86 mg/L.   The amount of hexavalent chromium was found 1.27 mg/L in one chrome liquor sample out of three samples.

Key words: Hexavalent Chromium, UV-Visible spectrophotometer, Chrome-tanning, Extraction, Shaving dust, Bioaccumulation.

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Title: Spectrophotometric Study of Cr(VI) in Shaving Dust, Waste Liquor, and Wet Blue Trimming Samples
Author:

Md. Amjad Hossain, Al-Amin Rabbi, & Md. Kamrul Hasan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3665358
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 03/02/2020
Date of Publication: 12/02/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/497.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 18-27
First Page: 18
Last Page: 27
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Amjad Hossain, Al-Amin Rabbi, & Md. Kamrul Hasan (2020). Spectrophotometric Study of Chromium (VI) in Shaving Dust, Waste Liquor, and Wet Blue Trimming Samples. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(3), 18-27.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3665358

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/497.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Amjad  Hossain (Corresponding Author), Lecturer, Institute of Leather Engineering and Technology,  University of Dhaka, Dhaka- 1209, Bangladesh.

Al-Amin Rabbi, Institute of Leather Engineering and Technology,  University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh.

Md. Kamrul Hasan, Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3665358

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