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The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu

The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil

Author (s)

Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between three main intellectual capital’s element which they are; human capital consists of learning and education, experience and expertise, innovation and creation, the second element is structural capital which consists of system and program, research and development, intellectual property rights and third element is relationship capital which consists of strategic alliance, relationship with partners, suppliers and customers, knowledge about partners, suppliers and customers.  A quantitative method applied to measure the relationship between intellectual capital and SMB performance.  A random sampling method applied to find out the relationship between Intellectual capital and SMB Performance.  The research was conducted in the Small and Medium Businesses in Erbil. A total of 400 questionnaires were distributed in the Small and Medium Businesses, however 312 questionnaires were received and being completed properly, and the data were collected through in hard copies. The authors applied multiple regression analysis to measure the nine research hypotheses developed by the authors, the findings revealed that the highest value was for learning and education dimension’s relationship with SMB performance on the other hand the lowest value was for experience and expertise’s relationship with SMB performance in Erbil.

Keywords: Intellectual capital, Small and medium business, performance, Erbil, Northern Iraq.

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Title: The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil
Author:

Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3813767
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 26/04/2020
Date of Publication: 07/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/520.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 144-156
First Page: 144
Last Page: 156
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu (2020). The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 144-156. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3813767

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/520.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ari Hameed (Corresponding Author), Department of Business Administration, Faculty of    Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, Haspolat Campus, Northern Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey.

Dr. Ayşen Berberoğlu, Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration,  Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences,  Cyprus International University,      Haspolat Campus, Northern Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3813767

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Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Shu Jinghong

Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange

Author (s)

Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Shu Jinghong

Abstract

Choosing whether to finance a business with debt or equity has led to a never-ending search for the best capital structure. Researchers have conducted several research studies trying to find out the optimal capital structure. Some indicate that a firm having a high degree of leverage seems to have an optimal capital structure and thus leads to better financial performance. There are others such as that of Modigliani-Miller that differs in argument by concluding that high leverage does not influence the value of the firm. This research study aimed at determining the impact of capital structure on the financial performance of non-financial firms quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange. The study was conducted on 16 non-financial firms that were in operation in Kenya and quoted at the NSE between 2013 and 2017. Financial performance was measured by return on assets and return on equity, while the capital structure was measured using the change in debt and debt-equity ratio. Secondary data utilised was obtained from audited financial statements derived from company websites and NSE handbook covering the period 2013 to 2017. Correlation and regression analysis were employed in the statistical analysis that was carried out with the aid of STATA version 15. The findings showed that capital structure has a direct influence on the financial performance of firms listed at the Nairobi bourse. The results showed that the financial performance of firms increases with the increase in the changes in debt in the capital structure. This thus supports debt financing in running the firms as compared to equity financing. The study thus recommended that firms should increase debt financing in their capital structure in order to enhance financial performance and increase value to the companies’ stakeholders.

Keywords: Capital Structure, Financial Performance, NSE.

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Title: Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange
Author:

Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Shu Jinghong

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787293
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 03/05/2020
Date of Publication: 05/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/522.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 165-179
First Page: 165
Last Page: 179
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Jinghong Shu (2020). Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 165-179. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787293

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/522.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mukumbi Calvin Muyundo (Corresponding Author), Department of Finance, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Khisa Wekulo Eugine, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of International Business and Economics

Prof. Shu Jinghong, Department of Finance, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787293

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Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru

Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda

Author (s)

John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru

Abstract

This paper explores the theoretical underpinnings of Collective Market as a practical Marketing model promoted to address the problem of social and economic inclusion into global agro-commodity market supply chains of smallholder farmers in Africa. A qualitative study based on the grounded theory approach was used supported by the philosophical underpinnings of objectivism ontology and interpretivism epistemology. In-depth interviews were conducted to explore the perspectives of farmers and stakeholders participating in collective marketing and export programs. Data was analyzed using the provisions of Grounded Theory and the concept of Theoretical Saturation guided the determination of sample size and sampling adequacy. Data validity was established through credibility, dependability, conformability and transferability parameters. This study is purely based on a qualitative research design. It does not attempt to provide a quantitative empirical test for the proposed theory. The has provided a theoretical explanation of the relationship between collective marketing and profitability of smallholder farmer’s and offers a practical understanding for academia, promoters of collective marketing and policy markers concerned with integration of smallholder farmers into global supply chains. It will enable better planning of collective marketing for smallholder farmers, with the potential to focus efforts towards commercializing smallholder agriculture, advance inclusion into global markets and achieve poverty eradication goals. The study makes the first known attempt to construct a Theory of Collective Marketing” to systematize the understanding of collective marketing. The theory proposed is grounded on original data.

Keywords: Collective marketing, Economic exclusion, Market integration, Social entrepreneurship, Smallholder farmers.

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Title: Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda
Author:

John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787168
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 28/03/2020
Date of Publication: 05/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/523.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 180-191
First Page: 180
Last Page: 191
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru (2020). Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 180-191.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3787168

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/523.pdf

 

About Author (s)

John Ariko Okelai (Corresponding author), a Lecturer in the department of Business         Administration, Makerere University Business School, Kampala Uganda.

Dr. Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Ph.D., Lecturer at the ICT University USA (Cameroon Campus).

Gladies Angundaru, a Lecturer in the department of Business Administration, Makerere    University Business School, Kampala Uganda.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787168

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A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams

A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty

Author (s)

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams

Abstract

After the partition of the subcontinent in 1947, India took initiative to construct a barrage on its side of the Ganges & commissioned it in 1975. In the past few decades, many of the rivers in Bangladesh, that originated in India, have either been diverted or dammed upstream, inside India. All of these hydro-development initiatives have left a profound impact on Bangladesh as it is receiving end of the Himalayan fluvial regime. In particular, Bangladesh’s agriculture, fisheries, human health and wellbeing are reported to have been significantly affected by the disruption of natural water flow in its rivers. The debate over the water sharing issues between India & Bangladesh dates back as early as their birth but the historical developments of the disputes have never been adequately addressed in settling the issues. This paper analyzes the Farakka Barrage & the consequences of the Ganges Water Sharing Treaty, with some recommendations that can assist to decrease the barriers in this issue.

Keywords: Himalaya, Ecosystem, Conflict, Agreement, Control, Harm.

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Title: A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty
Author:

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3783571
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 29/04/2020
Date of Publication: 03/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/521.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 157-164
First Page: 157
Last Page: 164
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams (2020). A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 157-164. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3783571

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/521.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat (Corresponding Author), Department of Bangladesh & Liberation War Studies, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Bangladesh.

Shanjia Shams, Department of Bangladesh & Liberation War Studies, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3783571

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Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria

Author (s)

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Abstract

The study investigates the effect of microfinance banks services on the performance of micro-enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria. The study adopts a survey design and a sample of 350 respondents was determined from population 311,502 micro enterprises in Benue State. The questionnaire was subjected to validity and reliability using factor analysis and Cronboch Alpha respectively. Multiple regression was used data analysis and test of formulated hypotheses with the aid of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS Version 21). Findings revealed that there is no significant effect of microfinance loan on performance of micro-enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria (p-value 0.631 > α 0.05). The study showed a positive significant effect of microfinance technical training on performance of micro-enterprises performance in Benue state, Nigeria (p-value 0.000 < α 0.05). Finally, the study revealed that microfinance advisory services have a positive significant effect on performance of microenterprises in Benue State, Nigeria (p-value 0.019 < α 0.05). The study concludes that microfinance banks services contribute significantly to enhance the performance of micro enterprises by narrowing the resource gap for micro-enterprises. The study recommends amongst others that management of microfinance banks in Nigeria should increase the duration of their clients’ asset loans over a longer period of time. The study will enlighten micro-enterprises about services rendered by microfinance banks and how to utilize them to improve business performance.

Keywords: Microfinance, Microenterprises, Microfinance loan services, Microfinance technical training services, Microfinance advisory services, Performance.

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Title: Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria
Author:

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 25/04/2020
Date of Publication: 27/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/518.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 113-1124
First Page: 113
Last Page: 124
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem (2020). Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 113-124. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/518.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Administration, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi-Nigeria.

Torough, Samuel is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Administration, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi-Nigeria.

Asenge, Emmauel Lubem, is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Management, Benue State University, Makurdi-Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069

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Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know Dewan Azmal Hossain

Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know

Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Abstract

Multidisciplinary areas of accounting are increasing day by day. One such multidisciplinary area is forensic accounting. Due to the increase of corporate frauds like in the cases of Enron and WorldCom, organizations are putting a special effort into the investigation of frauds. To investigate fraud, corporations need to be prepared.  One way of this preparation is understanding the ideas of forensic accounting and the scopes and areas of forensic accounting. Not only for corporations but also for non-accounting experts knowledge of forensic accounting is important. This theoretical review deals with these issues and explains the technical terms of forensic accounting that non-accounting experts need to know to understand the basics of forensic accounting. This theoretical review also argues that auditing and forensic accounting are not the same. To be a forensic accountant understanding the term “Due Diligence” is a prerequisite. On the other hand, auditing is merely matching the financial statement with applicable standards. After making a comparison between auditing and forensic accounting, it is discussed that non-accounting experts need to make themselves familiar with financial accounting, financial ratios and also with the specialized analytical tools to understand the nature of the work of forensic accountants, their networking techniques, relation establishing techniques and inferential analysis techniques. This study also provides an extract of awareness towards forensic accounting that Bangladeshi accounting and auditing firms, multinational and local companies have.

Keywords: Forensic Accounting, Non-Accounting experts, Due Diligence, Inferential Analysis, Bangladesh.

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Title: Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know
Author:

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 18/04/2020
Date of Publication: 20/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/519.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 128-143
First Page: 128
Last Page: 143
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dewan Azmal Hossain (2020). Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 128-143. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/519.pdf

About Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of            Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2311-6941

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586

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Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

    Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing

Author (s)

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

Abstract

The way of using mobile community sources successfully by the content material caching strategy. Here, we have a look at Small Cell Base Station Networks (SCBSNs) from a caching perspective. Firstly, we wager that these Small Cell Base Stations are deploying with low doable backhaul links on the other hand have excessive functionality storage units. Then, we illustrate our system mannequin and define a Quality of Experience (QoE) metric in order to satisfy a given file request. After that, we formulate the optimization hassle in order to maximize the Quality of Experience (QoE) metric for all requests beneath the ability constraints. We make clear this trouble via introducing an algorithm, referred to as MyCaching, which relies on potential constraints. Due to storage constraints, not all requested files can be cached so MyChacing algorithm selects the most popular documents until the total storage potential is achieved. In a row, the proposed caching algorithm is compared with PropCaching, the numerical consequences illustrate that the range of content material requests increases. Besides, we exhibit that MyCaching performs higher than PropCaching in most cases. Such as, for R=200 wide variety of requests and a storage ratio γ=0.5, the pleasure in MyCaching Algorithm is 90% higher than PropCaching and the backhaul usage is condensed by using 5%.

Key words: Small Cell Base Station Networks (SCBSNs), proactive caching, popularity caching, Quality of Experience (QoE), Mobile Edge Computing (MEC).

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Title: Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing
Author:

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 08/04/2020
Date of Publication: 09/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/517.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 104-112
First Page: 104
Last Page: 112
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu (2020). Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 104-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/517.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rahman Atiqur, (Corresponding Author), Ph.D., Information and Communication Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

Ali Md Liton, Ph.D., Information and Communication Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

Guangfu Wu, Senior Engineer, School of Software Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233

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Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

     Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries

Author (s)

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

Abstract

Whether and why one should ‘join a snake or a spider global value chain (GVC)’ is a debate that has received little attention in economic literature. In this paper, we try to compare the effects of the GVCs on wage in both configurations between working skill categories across many countries and industries. The aim pursued is to show which GVC generates better wage in a particular context –especially at skill, country development or industrial level. To distinguish spider from snake, we use the mean value of the weighted average number of border crossing (ABC) proposed by Muradov (2016) and its variant indexed by the UIBE Research Institute of GVC (RIGVC of UIBE). The sample is a panel data of 36 countries selected from the World Input-Output Database (WIOD), spanning 10 years (2000-2009) and 9 industries. By employing the Hausman-Taylor technique, we found that in general, GVCs bring positive gains to workers of all skill categories. These effects tend to be higher for high-skill workers and for those engaged in snake GVCs. Furthermore, the impacts appear more significant in snake for workers in developed countries. On the other hand, these effects are stronger only in spider in developing countries. At industry level, the pair snake-manufacturing display more significant estimates. These findings are meant to inform policymakers on the choice of GVCs. In fact, joining a GVC may require a minutious understanding of its configuration.

Key words: Global Value Chains (GVCs), Snake, Trade, Spider, Skill, Wage, offshoring, Border Crossing.

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Title: Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries
Author:

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 31/03/2020
Date of Publication: 02/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/515.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 79-97
First Page: 79
Last Page: 97
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong (2020), Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 79-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/515.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (Corresponding Author) PhD, International Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE),Beijing, China.

Jiong Gong, Professor of Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401

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The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States Debraj Roka

     The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States

Author (s)

Debraj Roka

Abstract

The main objectives of this study are to estimate the human development effects on happiness by using economic freedom, economic growth, and income as control variables. The study analyzes the 1080 observations using the panel data from 2008 to 2016 period covered 120 countries. The main explained variable of this study is happiness and major interested explanatory variables are the Human Development Index. The estimation strategy of this study is to apply the fixed and random effect, the Generalized Liner Squire, First in Difference and Linear Dynamic Panel Data /generalized method of moments estimation method. The study estimated the strongly linear positive association and statistically significant result between human development index with happiness in the overall 120 sampling countries. The study investigated the negative relationship between life expectancy and happiness and the positive association between economic growth and income with happiness. The study indicated a positive association between government health expenditures and food on happiness.

Key words: Human Development Index, Life Expectancy, GDP per capita, Inequality and Happiness.

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Title: The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States
Author:

Debraj Roka

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736375
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 31/03/2020
Date of Publication: 02/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/514.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 61-78
First Page: 61
Last Page: 78
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Debraj Roka (2020). The Effect of Human Development on Happiness: A Comparative Study of UN Member States. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 61-78. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736375

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/514.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Debraj Roka (Kalyan Roka) is a political economist, currently, he is working as a visiting scholar in the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736375

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Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha

     Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa

Author (s)

Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha

Abstract

This paper takes an extra look at the debate of economic growth as a trendy issue in the world and predominantly a deep-rooted distress of Sub-Saharan Africa and Africa (SSA) as a whole. The study investigates the effect of economic growth on health in Sub-Saharan Africa with data from 1991-2015 using pooled OLS and two-ways fixed effect method as captured by infant mortality rate, fertility rate, and life expectancy total, (years) with other explanatory variables. The result shows that economic growth and health outcomes have a statistically strong negative significant relationship. The analysis showed that economic growth decreases infant mortality rates and fertility rate through the provision of healthcare services and improves life expectancy as well. In addition, other variables including agriculture, services, and population significantly affects health outcomes, while per capita income (GDPPC) unveils more effect on health in SSA. The findings of this study recommend that economic growth remains a vital determinant in improving health outcomes in Sub-Saharan African countries, though SSA is characterized by an unstable trend of economic growth and poor health facilities.

Key words: Economic growth, Health, Sub-Saharan Africa, panel data study.

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Title: Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa
Author:

Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736314
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 31/03/2020
Date of Publication: 02/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/513.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 35-60
First Page: 35
Last Page: 60
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ajak Michael Bul & Ogeto Robert Moracha (2020). Effects of Economic Growth on Health Outcomes: A Panel Data Study of Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 35-60. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736314

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/513.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Ajak Michael Bul, (Corresponding Author), Renmin University of China, School of Economics, Beijing.

Ogeto Robert Moracha, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029 China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736314

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Current Scenario of Financial Soundness of Textile, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Industry of Bangladesh: An Emphasize on Altman’s Z-Score for Publicly Traded Manufacturing Companies Dewan Azmal Hossain, Saykat Chandra Roy, & MD. Sajadul Huque Mim

     Current Scenario of Financial Soundness of Textile, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Industry of Bangladesh: An Emphasize on Altman’s Z-Score for Publicly Traded Manufacturing Companies

Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Saykat Chandra Roy, & MD. Sajadul Huque Mim

Abstract

This study analyzes the financial soundness of the textile, pharmaceutical and chemical industry of Bangladesh using Altman’s Z-score. Textile, pharmaceutical and chemical industries are contributing to the overall economy of Bangladesh in a gargantuan way. That’s why it is important to analyze the financial health of these sectors to understand the current scenario so that organizations that are facing difficulties in terms of solvency or profitability may get proper attention from the authority. The key findings of this study include 66 %organizations under the Pharmaceutical and Chemical industry are in the “Safe zone”, whereas 45% of organizations under the Textile industry are in the “Safe Zone”. 28%organizations under Pharmaceutical and Chemical industry are in the “Distress zone” whereas 30% of organizations under the Textile industry are in the “Distress zone”. 25% of the organizations under the Textile industry are in the “Grey zone” whereas only 9% of the organizations under the Pharmaceutical and Chemical industry are in the “Grey zone”. This study also finds that overall, textile and pharmaceuticals and chemical industries are in safe zone where their scores are 4.43 and 4.50 respectively.

Key words: Financial soundness, Altman’s Z-score, Bangladesh.

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Title: Current Scenario of Financial Soundness of Textile, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Industry of Bangladesh: An Emphasize on Altman’s Z-Score for Publicly Traded Manufacturing Companies
Author:

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Saykat Chandra Roy, & MD. Sajadul Huque Mim

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3723187
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 08/03/2020
Date of Publication: 21/03/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/512.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 16-34
First Page: 14
Last Page: 34
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Saykat Chandra Roy, MD. Sajadul Huque Mim (2020). Current Scenario of Financial Soundness of Textile, Pharmaceutical and Chemical Industry of Bangladesh: An Emphasize on Altman’s Z-Score for Publicly Traded Manufacturing Companies. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 16-34. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3723187

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About Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain, (Corresponding Author) Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Saykat Chandra Roy, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

MD. Sajadul Huque Mim, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of      Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3723187