ISSN: 2520-4750 (Online), 2521-3040 (Print)

A review on gender-inclusive WASH policies in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Aminul Islam Khan, Anika Tahsin, & Bilqis Amin Hoque

Abstract

­Bangladesh is one of the developing countries in South Asia where multiple challenges exist in the field of WASH. In this regard, gender is a vital issue. It is necessary to include gender-responsive issues in WASH policies and legal frameworks as gender is a key factor in achieving sustainability in this sector. In every phase of a project cycle, the role of every gender group must be ensured. The review brings forth a broader understanding of the role and status of gender in the current WASH-associated legal frameworks of Bangladesh. Through the content analysis method, the inclusiveness of gender in WASH policies and legal frameworks has been evaluated based on selected issues. After that frequency score is given in each issue based on the number of documents addressed that particular issue. From the frequency score, it was observed that, in existing policies and legal frameworks, all the selected issues were not given due priority from the perspective of gender inclusiveness. Issues like ‘women-specific needs’, ‘equality’, ‘participation and representation’, and ‘Climate change, adaptation, and disaster management’ received high significance, whereas other key issues like ‘site selection, operation and maintenance, and ‘hygiene promotion’ which are crucial in the field of WASH were found to be addressed rarely. On the other hand, while addressing gender, only men and women were mentioned overlooking one of the vulnerable gender groups which is the transgender and hijra community. To achieve the SDG targets, the policies of Bangladesh need to be more gender-responsive. It is expected that the review will contribute towards refreshing the debate for updated gender-responsive policies and related materials.

Keywords: Gender, Women, WASH, Policy, Transgender, Hijra, Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), Bangladesh.

 

Download PDF

Title:A review on gender-inclusive WASH policies in Bangladesh
Author:Md. Aminul Islam Khan, Anika Tahsin, & Bilqis Amin Hoque
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
Website:ijsab.com
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5793142
Media:Online
Volume:5
Issue:12
Acceptance Date:17/12/2021
Date of Publication:20/12/2021
PDF URL:https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/854.pdf
Free download:Available
Page:36-51
First Page:36
Last Page:51
Paper Type:Research paper
Current Status:Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Aminul Islam Khan, Anika Tahsin, & Bilqis Amin Hoque (2021). A review on gender-inclusive WASH policies in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(12), 36-51. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5793142

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/854.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Aminul Islam Khan (corresponding author), Graduate Student, Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Anika Tahsin, Graduate Student, Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Bilqis Amin Hoque, Executive President, Environment and Population Research Centre (EPRC), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5793142

This Post Has Been Viewed 54 Times

Copyright @ IJSAB-International