ISSN: 2520-4750 (Online), 2521-3040 (Print)

Financial Performance Test for Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Industry with Special Reference to Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Author (s)

A.K.M Mahfuj Ullah & Md. Zakir Hossain


­No doubt financial performance analysis is a subjective & fundamental tool to discover the proficiency of the management in various parts of an organization. Evaluation of financial performance through analyzing the financial statement using financial ratios is usually related to how well an organization is using its revenue, expenses, assets as well as equity and liabilities which shows the picture of the financial position of that organization. Solvency (liquidity), profitability, turnover and return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE) have been analyzed to interpret & measure the efficiency of management, financial performance and position of Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (SPL). The nature of the study is empirical based on secondary data that have been collected from annual reports of SPL (2012-2019). Pharmaceutical is a significant aide of industrialization in the nation. Having a significant contribution (1.83%) of pharmaceutical industry to our GDP with a growth rate (15%) sound financial performance of pharmaceutical industry may be useful for getting ready financial and monetary policy of the nation. From the finding of the study, it is revealed that profitability, inventory & accounts receivable turnover, assets turnover, financial leverage, ROA & ROE are doing well but liquidity position is not so much satisfactory and assets turnover ratio requires more concentration on it cause of a mixed trend. From overall findings, it is supposed that the management of SPL has been able to keep stability in running the business affairs and bring upward trend in generating earnings. The study draws the attention of the proper authority through some recommendations like keeping up a compelling coordination among different departments particularly in the finance, sales and PPIC department for further improvement of SPL.

 Keywords: Pharmaceutical Industry, SPL, Financial Performance & Position, Liquidity, Profitability, Assets-Inventory-Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio, ROA, ROE, Equity Multiplier.

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Title:Financial Performance Test for Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Industry with Special Reference to Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd.
Author:A.K.M Mahfuj Ullah & Md. Zakir Hossain
Journal Name:International Journal of Science and Business
ISSN:ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
Media:Online & Print
Acceptance Date:06/01/2021
Date of Publication:16/01/2021
Free download:Available
First Page:1
Last Page:16
Paper Type:Research Paper
Current Status:Published


Cite This Article:

A. K.M Mahfuj Ullah & Md. Zakir Hossain (2021). Evaluation of Financial Performance of Pharmaceutical Industry in Bangladesh with Special Reference to Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(2), 1-16. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.4444638

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About Author (s)

A.K.M Mahfuj Ullah (corresponding author) Lecturer (Accounting and Information Systems), Department of Business Administration, Rajshahi Science & Technology University (RSTU), Natore, Bangladesh. E-mail:

Dr. Md. Zakir Hossain, Professor, Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh. E-mail:


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