Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks
Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar
Due to the need to maintain confidentiality, redundancy, and openness, the usage of Blockchain and other DLTs has dramatically advanced in recent years, and is being recommended for various applications. In blockchain, these capabilities are supplied by means of hash functions and public-key encryption. However, the rapid development of quantum computation in the near future has opened the door to the Grover and Shor algorithms. These algorithms challenge both public and hash encryption, causing blockchains to redesign and use quantum attack-tolerant cryptosystems; this produces cryptosystems which are considered post-quantum cryptosystems, which are quantum-resistant. This paper reviews current scientists on quantum blockchain for such purposes. In addition, the major challenges are studied with the most important post-quantum blockchain systems. In addition, the most promising post quantum signature encryption and digital blockchain signature schemes are detailed in terms of the functionality and durability of the most promising public signatures. In this article, researchers and developers in blockchain have an extensive perspective and practical advice on post-quantum blockchain protection.
Keywords: Blockchain, cryptography, post-quantum, quantum-resistant, quantum computing, blockchain security.
|Title:||Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks|
|Author:||Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar|
|Journal Name:||International Journal of Science and Business|
|ISSN:||ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)|
|Date of Publication:||03/02/2021|
|Paper Type:||Literature Review|
Cite This Article:
Zhwan Mohammed Khalid & Shavan Askar (2021). Resistant Blockchain Cryptography to Quantum Computing Attacks. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(3), 116-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4497732
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About Author (s)
Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Raparin University, Sulaimany, Iraq. Email:firstname.lastname@example.org.
Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email email@example.com.