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Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying

Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate

Author (s)

Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

­

This study empirically test the applicability of theory of planned behavior with additional variables of concern for food waste, religious commitment and awareness of consequences towards consumers food waste reduction intentions and afterward leftover foods’ reuse and donate behavior. A sample of 533 respondents were selected mainly from Punjab Pakistan. Data for this study is collected from young Pakistani household consumers. The study employed structure equation modeling (SEM) to test the hypothesized model. The results of the study showed that moral norms, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and food waste concerns may restricts consumers to avoid food wastage and promote waste reduction intentions. Furthermore the constructs of religious commitment and awareness of consequences by creating their moderating affect further strengthen this relationships. The results of the study establish that there is need to include favorable perception about benefits, cost, threat and risk associated with food waste in educational programs and advertising strategies. The inclusion of favorable perceptions becomes more effective specifically in case of socially proscribed behaviors that is food waste behaviors.

 Keywords: Theory of planned behavior, Concern for food waste, Religious commitment, Awareness of consequences, Food reuse, Food donate.

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Title: Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate
Author: Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4567415
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 20/02/2021
Date of Publication: 26/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/715.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 207-220
First Page: 207
Last Page: 220
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying (2021). Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 207-220. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4567415

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About Author (s)

Atteeq ur Rahman (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: atteequrrahman@gmail.com

Niu Xiongying, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4567415

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The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu

The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu

Abstract

­

Oilseeds contribute a significant amount to Sub-Saharan African countries’ agricultural products, produced for oil and protein, next to cereals and pulses. The region has a comparative advantage of producing and exporting different types of oilseeds, to serve the increasing demand worldwide. However, these countries experience very low performance in the international market. As a result, it becomes an important area of concern and intervention for the policymakers in these respective countries. There have been various researches done to explore the basic causes of export inefficiencies. Some of the study findings have been complementing, while others are contrasting and many of the researches do not acknowledge the internal and external factors that determine the region’s agricultural commodities export competitiveness. Considering relevant panel data in the years 1995 to 2017 and applying the fixed-effect model, the study examines the moderating effect of the institutional environment on the link between factor and demand conditions and the export competitiveness of oilseeds. The result prevails as productivity and export quantity have a significant effect on export competitiveness and the institutional environment significantly moderates their relationship. The study contributes to both theory (competitive advantage, institutional-based view theory) and practice (oilseed industry leaders and policymakers).

 Keywords: Oilseed industry, export competitiveness, institutional environment, Sub-Saharan African Countries.

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Title: The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author: Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4565105
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 09/02/2021
Date of Publication: 26/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/714.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 189-206
First Page: 189
Last Page: 206
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu (2021). The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 189-206. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4565105

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About Author (s)

Destaw M. Mazengia (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: enatdendes@gmail.com, DE201765008@uibe.edu.cn

Xia Youfu, International trade and industrial economics, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: youfuxia@china.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4565105

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Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment Hasan Farid & Xiongying Niu

Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment

Author (s)

Hasan Farid & Xiongying Niu

Abstract

­

This study aims at exploring the effects of work method autonomy (WMA), decision-making autonomy (DMA), and work scheduling autonomy (WSA) on customer orientation through employees’ affective commitment based on self-determination theory. The data was collected from full time front-line service workers in hospitality industry of China by employing cross-sectional design of study. The results show that three types of autonomy (WMA, DMA, WSA) are positively related with affective commitment and affective commitment has a positive effect on employees’ customer-oriented behavior. The results also postulate that affective commitment mediates the relationship between types of autonomy (WMA, DMA, WSA) and employees’ customer-oriented behavior. The study suggests that hospitality managers should shape such an environment in which they can provide employees with autonomy in choosing methods, schedules and making decisions so that they can experience affective commitment and get motivate to exhibit customer-oriented behaviors.

 Keywords: Work method autonomy, decision-making autonomy, work scheduling autonomy, affective commitment, customer orientation.

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Title: Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment
Author: Hasan Farid & Xiongying Niu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561761
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 15/02/2021
Date of Publication: 25/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/713.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 180-188
First Page: 180
Last Page: 188
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hasan Farid & Niu Xiongying (2021). Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 180-188. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4561761

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About Author (s)

Hasan Farid (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, P.R. China. Email: hassaanfarid3@gmail.com

Xiongying Niu, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561761

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Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying

Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework

Author (s)

Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

­

This study empirically investigates the applicability of the push-pull-mooring (PPM) framework on restaurant switching intentions. The employed framework is the theoretical extension of the current PPM Model, which is uncommon in the literature. The antecedents of this research are push variables (satiation with food, satiation with service, satiation with atmosphere); pull (post dining regret, alternative attractiveness); the moderating variables are mooring (self-control, place attachment, OSL). The study uses Chinese restaurants market, which is highly competitive and diverse in terms product offerings and quality customer services in complex environment. The study employed variance based Structural Equation modeling with Partial Least Square estimators. The results show that push, pull and mooring variables have positive significant impact on restaurant switching intentions. It is also evident with statistical analysis that pull factors more favorably contributed as compared to push factors. The findings also reflect that mooring variable significantly moderates between push factors and restaurant switching intentions and pull factors and restaurant switching intentions. The findings are robust to the policy implications.

 Keywords: Switching intention, Satiation, Post dining regret, Self-control, Optimal Stimulation Level (OSL), Place attachment, Alternative attractiveness.

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Title: Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework
Author: Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561725
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 15/02/2021
Date of Publication: 25/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/712.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 166-179
First Page: 166
Last Page: 179
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying (2021). Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 166-179. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4561725

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About Author (s)

Waqas Manzoor Dar (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China & University of Gujrat, Pakistan. Email: waqas.manzoor@uog.edu.pk

Niu Xiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561725

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Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias

Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe

Author (s)

Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias

Abstract

­

The purpose of the study was to explore challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro finance sector. This was necessitated by the importance of growth of women entrepreneurs to economic development of countries.  An exploration research design was adopted for this study. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and interviews from 200 female entrepreneurs in the micro finance sector in Harare. The results showed that the social factors such as too many family responsibilities, segregation in terms of accessing capital resources and gender stereo typing were negatively affecting the growth and success of women owned micro-finance institutions. The study noted that business environment factors such as hyperinflation, weak currency, low demand for loans due to poverty, and unemployment and unpredictable policies were negatively affecting the growth of women owned micro finance institutions. The study also noted that regulations from the Central Bank on the operations, registration and licensing of micro-finance had not significantly affected the growth of women owned micro-finance institutions in Harare. The main limitations of the study are that the findings may not be generalized to all female owned entrepreneurs in Zimbabwe because the sample was drawn from Harare so they may be a need to make use of a larger sample. The findings of this study are of value to the operations and successful growth of women owned financial sector, Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, the government of Zimbabwe and the women in general. Identification of the challenges will shape and inform all future intervention policies and programs to support the growth of women owned micro-finance sector in Zimbabwe. In addition, the growth of women entrepreneurs will reduce poverty among women, promote economic empowerment and lead to gender equality. The findings of this study are based on the data collected from women who own and operate micro-finance institution in Harare and hence the challenges identified are original and true. This implies that addressing the challenges identified in this study will lead to growth and success of women owned micro-finance institutions.

 Keywords: Female entrepreneurs, growth of women entrepreneurs, Microfinance, economic empowerment , Zimbabwe.

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Title: Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe
Author: Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561669
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 30/01/2021
Date of Publication: 25/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/711.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 158-165
First Page: 158
Last Page: 165
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias (2021). Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 158-165. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561669

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/711.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Josphat Nyoni (corresponding author), Women’s University in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe. Email: jnyoni664@gmail.com

Patricia Matore, Women’s University in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Martin Dandira, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia.

Kandjinga Elias, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561669

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Literature review on Drivers of Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investment Valmor Comim Junior

Literature review on Drivers of Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investment

Author (s)

Valmor Comim Junior

Abstract

­

The world has witnessed the rise of multinational corporations from emerging markets as well as the narrow gap of growth between developed and underdeveloped economies. Considering this, Chinese companies are looking for investment opportunities in different countries. The purpose of this review study is to find out the reasons, why Chinese companies wish to invest other country. During this review study, we aimed thoroughly investigate FDI. We found key motivations for Chinese firm to go abroad investment. We explored a variety of economic, political, social and external factors that influenced the organization to go global.

 Keywords: China Outward foreign direct investment (OFDI), drivers of OFDI, economic development.

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Title: Literature review on Drivers of Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investment
Author: Valmor Comim Junior
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4560045
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 09/02/2021
Date of Publication: 24/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/710.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 143-157
First Page: 143
Last Page: 157
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Comim Junior, V. (2021). Literature review on Drivers of Chinese Outward Foreign Direct Investment. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 143-157. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4560045

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About Author (s)

Valmor Comim Junior, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China. Email: valmor.comim@asibras.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4560045

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The impact of the technology on the food industrial production: a case study of Brazil Valmor Comim Junior, Sibele Recco Rosso Comim & Sadia Hussain Vehniwal

The impact of the technology on the food industrial production: a case study of Brazil

Author (s)

Valmor Comim Junior, Sibele Recco Rosso Comim & Sadia Hussain Vehniwal

Abstract

­

The object of this study is to analysis the effect of technology on the food industrial production: A case study of Brazil. The Brazilian food and beverage industry has great social and economic importance to the nation and technology represents a key factor for competitiveness in the sector. Learning about the past and recent technological dynamics of this industry enables the identification of trends and perspectives that enhance its competitiveness. The range of data use for estimation is from 1980 to 2018. The analysis is based on econometric techniques. First of all this study applied The ADF (Augmented Dickey Fuller 1979) test to verify the stationary values of the variables, Johnson co-integration technique to check the long run relationship among the variables, VECM to check the significant values of the variables. This study concluded that the technology has positive effect on the food industrial production. . The new technology within the sector has been integrated rather than created. Enterprise investment in R&D is still low and the sector’s technology strategy is mostly imitative. However, this period presented positive effect of technological efforts, with the primary goal of increasing productive efficiency and effectiveness This study suggests that the government to subsidies the food industries that it can easily get approach to technology and revises food export restriction policy.

 Keywords: technology, food industrial production, econometric techniques, VECM.

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Title: The impact of the technology on the food industrial production: a case study of Brazil
Author: Valmor Comim Junior, Sibele Recco Rosso Comim & Sadia Hussain Vehniwal
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4560000
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 09/02/2021
Date of Publication: 24/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/709.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 123-142
First Page: 123
Last Page: 142
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Comim Junior, V.,  Comim, S. R. R. & Vehniwal, S. H. (2021). The impact of the technology on the food industrial production: a case study of Brazil. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 123-142. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4560000

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About Author (s)

Valmor Comim Junior (Corresponding Author), University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China. Email: valmor.comim@asibras.com

Sibele Recco Rosso Comim, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Sadia Hussain Vehniwal, Bahauddin Zakariya University Vehari campus, Pakistan.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4560000

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Mediating Role of Innovation Capacity in the Relationship between Corporate governance and Firm Performance: evidence from Chinese listed firms Tolossa Fufa Gulema & Zhou Xiaoyan

Mediating Role of Innovation Capacity in the Relationship between Corporate governance and Firm Performance: evidence from Chinese listed firms

Author (s)

Tolossa Fufa Gulema & Zhou Xiaoyan

Abstract

­

This study examined the potential mediating role of innovation capacity of firm measured by innovation investment in between the relationships of corporate governance and firm performance. The study used panel data of 11,634 samples of Chinese listed firms covering from 2010-2018. We operationalized corporate governance into board independence, dual leadership, concentrated ownership, debt finance, and product market competition.  The study found to support the mediation role of innovation investment in between most corporate governance mechanisms and firm performance measured by Tobin’s Q. Specifically, we found that innovation investment has been fully mediated the relationship between concentrated ownership structure and firm performance, Similarly, corporate governance measured by debt financing, and product market competition were partially mediated by innovation investment in Chinese listed firms. The study makes an important contribution to corporate governance practice in emerging economies policymakers and managers by providing comprehensive empirical evidence on how corporate governance practices are related to firm performance through innovation activities. Firms in emerging countries should maintain high ownership concentration, improve the debt financing system and encourage product market competition to improve firm performance through innovation activities.

 Keywords: Corporate governance, Innovation capacity, Firm performance, emerging market.

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Title: Mediating Role of Innovation Capacity in the Relationship between Corporate governance and Firm Performance: evidence from Chinese listed firms
Author: Tolossa Fufa Gulema & Zhou Xiaoyan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4548144
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 09/02/2021
Date of Publication: 18/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/708.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 105-122
First Page: 105
Last Page: 122
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Tolossa Fufa Gulema & Zhou Xiaoyan (2021). Mediating Role of Innovation Capacity in the Relationship between Corporate governance and Firm Performance: evidence from Chinese listed firms. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 105-122. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4548144

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About Author (s)

Tolossa Fufa Gulema(corresponding author), PhD  Scholar,  School  of  Business,  University  of  International  Business  and  Economics,  Beijing,  100029,  China. Email: gulma19@yahoo.com

Zhou Xiaoyan, School  of  Business,  University  of  International  Business  and  Economics,  Beijing,  100029,  China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4548144

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Diversifying or Focused Acquisition? The Influence of CEOs Temporal Focus on Corporate Acquisition Target Choice and the Moderating Role of Corporate Governance Nuru M. Ahmed & Jianfeng Wu

Diversifying or Focused Acquisition? The Influence of CEOs Temporal Focus on Corporate Acquisition Target Choice and the Moderating Role of Corporate Governance

Author (s)

Nuru M. Ahmed & Jianfeng Wu

Abstract

­

Why an acquiring firm chooses a target over others is a question yet not investigated well. Using a multi-dimensional temporal focus framework and upper echelon theory, we proposed that a firm’s choice for diversifying or focused acquisition is predicted by the CEO’s temporal focus. Furthermore, this link is contingent on corporate governance (compensation). The result from the analysis of 302 M&A deals from semiconductor and pharmaceutical industries revealed that CEOs with high future/present focus are more likely to make a diversifying acquisition than focus acquisition, while present-focused CEOs are more likely to make a focused acquisition over diversifying takeover. With a high stock option, future-focused CEOs will be more eager to make diversifying acquisitions, while past-focused CEOs’ likelihood of making a focused acquisition is reduced. Also, with high stock ownership, the interest of future and present-focused CEOs for diversifying takeover will reduce, while CEOs with high past focus will more tend to make a focused acquisition.

 Keywords: CEO temporal focus, Acquisition target choice, Upper echelon theory, CEOs compensation, Diversifying acquisition, Focused acquisition.

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Title: Diversifying or Focused Acquisition? The Influence of CEOs Temporal Focus on Corporate Acquisition Target Choice and the Moderating Role of Corporate Governance
Author: Nuru M. Ahmed & Jianfeng Wu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4540014
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 09/02/2021
Date of Publication: 13/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/707.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 80-104
First Page: 80
Last Page: 104
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ahmed, N. M. & Wu, J. (2021). Diversifying or Focused Acquisition? The Influence of CEOs Temporal Focus on Corporate Acquisition Target Choice and the Moderating Role of Corporate Governance. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 80-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4540014

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/707.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Nuru M. Ahmed (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: DE201765018@uibe.edu.cn

Jianfeng Wu, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4540014

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The Effects of Competence and Motivation on Audit Quality with Ethical Orientation as a Moderating Variable Jeivi Brenda Andolo & David A. A. Pesudo

The Effects of Competence and Motivation on Audit Quality with Ethical Orientation as a Moderating Variable

Author (s)

Jeivi Brenda Andolo & David A. A. Pesudo

Abstract

­

This current period of audit internal government require to be more competence, clear, responsibility, and other with the aim to provide good service on public sector. And also Internal auditor of BPKP must uphold the ethical standard in running their duties and responsibilities. Thereafter, the purpose of this research is to examine the effects of competence and motivation on audit quality with ethical orientation as a moderating variable in BPKP (Badan Pengawasan Keuangan dan Pembangunan), North Sulawesi. The analysis technique is used descriptive analysis, classic assumption tests and hypothesis test, and with total respondent of questionaries’ are 65 auditors of BPKP and the data analysis technique was multiple linear regression analysis.  Hence, the result of this study found that the competence and motivation has significant positive effect on audit quality, the competence with ethical orientation as a moderating variable has a significant positive effect on audit quality, and the motivation with ethical orientation as a moderating variable has significant positive effect on audit quality.

 Keywords: Competence, Motivation, Audit Quality, Ethical Orientation.

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Title: The Effects of Competence and Motivation on Audit Quality with Ethical Orientation as a Moderating Variable
Author: Jeivi Brenda Andolo & David A. A. Pesudo
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561784
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 04/02/2021
Date of Publication: 11/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/706.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 59-79
First Page: 59
Last Page: 79
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Jeivi Brenda Andolo & David A. A. Pesudo (2021). The Effects of Competence and Motivation on Audit Quality with Ethical Orientation as a Moderating Variable. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 59-79. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561784

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/706.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jeivi Brenda Andolo (corresponding author), Student of Economics and Business Faculty, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW), Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia.      Email: 2320175@student.uksw.edu

David A. A. Pesudo, Lecture of Economics and Business Faculty, Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana (UKSW) , Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561784

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Does Foreign Aid Influence Corruption? New Evidence in East Africa Community Member Countries Suleiman Malik Faki & Fuzhong Chen

Does Foreign Aid Influence Corruption? New Evidence in East Africa Community Member Countries

Author (s)

Suleiman Malik Faki & Fuzhong Chen

Abstract

­

The key objective in this paper is to examine the foreign aid impact on corruption in East Africa Community Member countries. The paper employed Pooled Ordinary Least Square (Pooled OLS), Random Effect (RE) and Fixed Effect (FE) approach to find out the external aid effects on corruption. The study used panel data covering from the year from 1996 to 2017 for 5 EAC member nations. The study findings revealed that foreign aid flow has reduced impact on the level of corruption in EAC nations. Based on the findings which found that aid flows reduce the level of corruption in EAC member countries, it is suggested that cooperation between donor countries should be strengthen when allocate aid and through attaching conditions among other things which help to improve governance and institutional framework. In addition, the allocation of aid to the poor countries should be based on selective approach in such way that major conditions for a nation to meet the requirements for aid should be institutional quality reforms.

 Keywords: Aid, Corruption, Governance, Development, Developing countries.

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Title: Does Foreign Aid Influence Corruption? New Evidence in East Africa Community Member Countries
Author: Suleiman Malik Faki & Fuzhong Chen
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4534355
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 09/02/2021
Date of Publication: 11/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/705.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 46-58
First Page: 46
Last Page: 58
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Suleiman Malik Faki & Fuzhong Chen (2021). Does Foreign Aid Influence Corruption? New Evidence in East Africa Community Member Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 46-58. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4534355

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/705.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Suleiman Malik Faki (corresponding author), School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, China.

Prof. Fuzhong Chen, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4534355

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Abusive Supervision and Employees OCB: An Important Role of Psychological Contract Fulfilment and Trust in Leadership Maha El halouat & Shimin Liu

Abusive Supervision and Employees OCB: An Important Role of Psychological Contract Fulfilment and Trust in Leadership

Author (s)

Maha El halouat & Shimin Liu

Abstract

­

Contemporary organizations need a workforce who can work more enthusiastically to compete in the market. This study synthesizes leadership paradigms for the purpose of exploring possible ways of influencing organizational citizenship behaviors to increase the functioning of organizations. Further, we test for the underlying mechanisms, psychological contract fulfilment between leadership style and employees organizational citizenship behaviors. In addition, we examined for the moderating role of trust in leader between leadership style and organizational citizenship behaviors. Collecting data from 436 employees from the agriculture sector organizations in Morocco, we found that abusive leadership has a negative relationships with organizational citizenship behaviors. Using SPSS and AMOS as a statistical tools, our findings further confirms the mediating roles of psychological contract fulfilment between the relationship of abusive supervision and employees organizational citizenship behaviors. Furthermore, the results of the current study also suggests an important role of trust in leader as a boundary specificity of the relationship between abusive supervision and organizational citizenship behaviors. At the end, this research presents several important implications, which truly enrich our understanding regarding abusive supervision and employees organizational citizenship behaviors.

 Keywords: Abusive supervision, psychological contract fulfilment, trust in leader, social  exchange theory, organization citizenship behaviours.

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Title: Abusive Supervision and Employees OCB: An Important Role of Psychological Contract Fulfilment and Trust in Leadership
Author: Maha El halouat & Shimin Liu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4522563
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 06/02/2021
Date of Publication: 09/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/704.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 30-45
First Page: 30
Last Page: 45
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Maha El halouat & Shimin Liu (2021). Abusive Supervision and Employees OCB: An Important Role of Psychological Contract Fulfilment and Trust in Leadership. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 30-45. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4522563

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/704.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Maha El halouat (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business & Economics, Beijing, China. Email: Maha_elhalouat@hotmail.com

Dr. Shimin Liu, Business School, University of International Business & Economics, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4522563

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Understanding Motivations Underlying Consumers’ Social Media Usage: Implications for Digital Marketing Executives Idris Bhuiya Akil & Nguyen Thi Hong

Understanding Motivations Underlying Consumers’ Social Media Usage: Implications for Digital Marketing Executives

Author (s)

Idris Bhuiya Akil & Nguyen Thi Hong

Abstract

­

The aim of this conceptual paper is to analyze and evaluate the important impetuses for consumers to use social media platforms. The study has made use of a conceptual model for elucidating the motivations for social media usage and what implications they have for contemporary businesses as they plan for the social media marketing strategies. An attempt has been made to come up with an effective platform where contemporary businesses would be able to design digital marketing strategies for taking advantage of social media as well as the unique ability offered by social media of generating one on one consumer relationship, targeting and engagement. For this purpose, 4C’s model (Connecting, Creating, Consuming, and Controlling) has been employed in order to put forward six major propositions pertaining to the different aspects in which motivations of consumers are driving them towards accomplishing their social media goals. Moreover, contemporary business scenarios have been utilized for validating all propositions. Further, these precise propositions intend to provide tools and insights for social media marketing managers of contemporary businesses as they evolve in and figure out the specific strategies to connect with their potential as well as existing consumers.

 Keywords: Social media usage, social media marketing, digital marketing executives, consumer empowerment, consumer behaviour, contemporary businesses.

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Title: Understanding Motivations Underlying Consumers’ Social Media Usage: Implications for Digital Marketing Executives
Author: Idris Bhuiya Akil & Nguyen Thi Hong
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4501241
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 01/02/2021
Date of Publication: 06/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/703.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 20-29
First Page: 20
Last Page: 29
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Idris Bhuiya Akil & Nguyen Thi Hong (2021). Understanding Motivations Underlying Consumers’ Social Media Usage: Implications for Digital Marketing Executives. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 20-29. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4501241

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/703.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Idris Bhuiya Akil (corresponding author), School of Statistics, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, China. Email: idrisbhuiya1@mail.com

Nguyen Thi Hong, School of Economics, Zhejiang Gongshang University, Hangzhou, China. Email: hongthui@mail.ru

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4501241

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Soft Skills Development Through Live In Program in UPH Surabaya Campus in 2020 Erwin Kristianto Julistiono

Soft Skills Development Through Live In Program in UPH Surabaya Campus in 2020

Author (s)

Erwin Kristianto Julistiono

Abstract

­The industry world nowadays requires its workforce to embrace soft skills. This condition demands universities to conduct soft skills development programs. One implementation of the soft skills development program in UPH Surabaya Campus is Live In. Live In combines education and community service aspects, by bringing the participants to live in an underdeveloped village and putting them some programs to organize for three days. The expected result is the enhancement of the following skills: integrity, communication, polite manner, responsibility, social skills, positive attitudes, professionalism, flexibility, cooperation, and work ethics. The research is conducted with a descriptive quantitative method, using a questionnaire instrument and convenience sampling technique. The result analyzed from 44 respondents reveals that the average value of the soft skills enhancement reached 3.12 of 4. This means that participants acknowledged the importance of the program in enhancing their soft skills. Furthermore, there are 3 soft skills which are improved more than others, which are flexibility, responsibility, and social skills.

 Keywords: development, live in, soft skills, community service, industrial world, education.

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Title: Soft Skills Development Through Live In Program in UPH Surabaya Campus in 2020
Author: Erwin Kristianto Julistiono
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4490927
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 27/01/2021
Date of Publication: 02/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/702.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 11-19
First Page: 11
Last Page: 19
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Erwin Kristianto Julistiono (2021). Soft Skills Development Through Live In Program in UPH Surabaya Campus in 2020. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 11-19. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4490927

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/702.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Erwin Kristianto Julistiono, S.Kom., MAC., M.H., Lecturer, Universitas Pelita Harapan Surabaya Campus, Taman Kutisari Indah Selatan 5, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. Email: erwin.julistiono@uph.edu

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4490927

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Effectiveness of Islamic Microfinance in Alleviating Poverty: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Arif Billah, Asaduzzaman Shohel & Tani

Effectiveness of Islamic Microfinance in Alleviating Poverty: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Arif Billah, Asaduzzaman Shohel & Tani

Abstract

­

Islamic Micro – finance (IMFc) is an evolving technique to empower the deprived and needy population. The present study was intended to investigate the effect of the IMFc on the resources of individuals borrowing from an Islamic microfinance institution and their poverty status. The prime intention of this paper is to justify the effect of IFMc for poverty alleviation. The study reveals that IMFc programs have introduced a positive result on significant numbers of poor. Islamic microfinance has significant impacts on income, savings and expenditure levels of the household. The analysis shows that in general, the Islamic micro finance is an instrument that can help to accumulate savings and income and finally assist to alleviate their poverty. But still it is not only the instrument that can alleviate poverty but it is the vital component that can help to the poor people for standard living levels. Our analysis shows that after taking Islamic finance there is a significant change in the respondents’ income savings and expenditures.

 Keywords: Islamic Finance, Poverty Alleviation, Microcredit, Poverty, NGO, Bangladesh, Islamic Microfinance, Income Level, Islamic Banking, Socio Economic Development, Rural Development.

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Title: Effectiveness of Islamic Microfinance in Alleviating Poverty: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh
Author: Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Arif Billah, Asaduzzaman Shohel & Tani
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4485794
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 27/01/2021
Date of Publication: 01/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/701.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-10
First Page: 1
Last Page: 10
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Arif Billah, Asaduzzaman Shohel, & Tani (2021). Effectiveness of Islamic Microfinance in Alleviating Poverty: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 1-10. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4485794

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/701.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Nur Nobi, (corresponding author), PhD Research Fellow, Faculty of Finance and Administrative Sciences, Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia. ORCID ID: orcid.org/0000-0003-1477-6347, Email: mdnurnobihub28@gmail.com.

 Md. Arif Billah, Assistant Professor of Economics, Department of Qur’anic Sciences, International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh. Email: abillah55@yahoo.com.

 Asaduzzaman Shohel, BBA in Marketing & Supply Chain Management, International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh. Email: shohel151463@gmail.com.

 Tani, Bachelor of Social Sciences (BSS), Department of Public Administration, Jagannath University, Bangladesh. Email:  jnu.tani2580@gmail.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4485794