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Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif

Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond:

Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities

Author (s)

Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif

Abstract

­

This paper has been explored on women’s participation in household decision-making in contrast to their male partner’s international migration. This paper also focuses on women’s adaptive mechanisms in the case of attaining and doing social, including the decision regarding kinship relation maintain both blood relations and marital relations. Also, it focuses on participation in various symbolic activities, religious and social festivals and rituals, encountering psycho-social crisis within the family and its beyond and economic activities, including managing the household, income-generating activities, investing money, and consumption pattern. The findings of this study were generated from the village Qadirpur in Comilla district in Bangladesh. The researchers collected primary data by employing qualitative tools and techniques of data collection, including observation, participant observation, case study, informal interview, and key informant interview method of doing ethnographic fieldwork. The timeframe of this study is February 2017 to November 2017. The researchers collected data from the respondents of migrant’s families. The respondents were selected by the purposive sampling method and intended to collect data and information from the migrants’ family members only. Finally, this study’s findings claim that women in the studied village opine a new dimension of empowerment beyond the orthodox view of women empowerment both homestead and its outside also. However, this can be acted as an alternative model of women’s empowerment in the rural area.

 Keywords: Adaptation, gender, empowerment, migration, kinship, household.

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Title: Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities
Author: Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 03/08/2021
Date of Publication: 14/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/736.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 183-189
First Page: 183
Last Page: 189
Paper Type: Case study
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif (2021). Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 183-189. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/736.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Asaduzzaman, Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Comilla University, Bangladesh.

Asif Ekbal Arif (corresponding author), Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Bangladesh. Email: dm.aekbalarif@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474

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Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li

Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing

Author (s)

Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li

Abstract

­

This paper analyses the impact of new market entrants on the pricing patterns of the mobile network operators in the East African Community under complete information. The study verifies whether incumbent mobile network operators within the East African Community engage in limit pricing when faced with threat of entry by analysing the pricing patterns of 21 incumbent mobile network operators for the period 2000-2019 within the Community’s member states. The study examines panel data using geographical distance as a proxy to the threat of entry. The results reveal that the pricing patterns of incumbent mobile network operators are consistent with limit pricing.

 Keywords: Entry, Limit Pricing, Complete information, Incumbent operators, Distance.

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Title: Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing
Author: Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4787934
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 24/05/2021
Date of Publication: 25/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/735.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 161-182
First Page: 161
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li (2021). Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 161-182. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4787934

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/735.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Hillary Ekisa Nambanga (corresponding author), School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Jianpei Li, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4787934

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Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain

Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach

Author (s)

Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain

Abstract

­

The study aims to explore the existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) in Bangladesh. The policy implications for the inverted U-shaped and the N-shaped EKC are different, therefore, it is important to identify the real shape of the EKC for a country for adopting an appropriate policy for mitigating environmental pollution. Although many studies in the context of Bangladesh have explored the inverted U-shaped EKC, none of the study explores the N-shaped EKC. Against this backdrop, the present study has attempted to explore the N-shaped EKC in Bangladesh by using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Bounds test approach. The study has found that the actual shape of the EKC in Bangladesh is N-shaped for both the short- and long-run. This implies that although higher economic growth mitigates the environmental pollution, but after a certain level of income, the pollution will rise again with the higher level of income per capita. Therefore, policymakers need to reconsider the existing growth promoting policy and adopt a new policy by considering the possibility of this N-shaped EKC.

 Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve, N-shaped EKC, environmental pollution, ARDL bounds test, Bangladesh.

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Title: Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach
Author: Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 08/05/2021
Date of Publication: 13/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/734.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 150-160
First Page: 150
Last Page: 160
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain (2021). Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 150-160. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/734.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh. Email: khaleda.nur.econju@pust.ac.bd

 Md. Adnan Al Nahian, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

Md. Roni Hossain, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867

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Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam

Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management

Author (s)

Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam

Abstract

­

The experiment was conducted in the Agronomy Field, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Dhaka-1207 during the period of November 17, 2016 to March 29, 2017 on growth and yield performance of selected wheat genotypes at variable irrigation. In this experiment, the treatment consisted of three varieties viz. V1 = BARI Gom 26, V2 = BARI Gom 28, V3 = BARI Gom 30, and four different irrigations viz. I0 = No Irrigation throughout the growing season, I1 = One irrigation (Irrigate at CRI stage), I2= Two irrigation (Irrigate at CRI and grain filling), I3= Three irrigation (irrigate at CRI, booting and grain filling stages). The experiment was laid out in two factors split plot with three replications. The collected data were statistically analyzed for evaluation of the treatment effect. Results showed that a significant variation among the treatments in respect majority of the observed parameters. Results showed significant variation in almost every parameter of treatments. The highest Plant height, number of effective tillers hill-1, spike length, number of grain spike-1 was obtained from BARI Gom-30. The highest grain weight hectare-1 (3.44 ton) was found from wheat variety BARI Gom-30. All parameters of wheat showed statistically significant variation due to variation of irrigation. The maximum value of growth, yield contributing characters, seed yield was observed with three irrigation (irrigate at CRI, booting and grain filling stages). The interaction between different levels of variety and irrigation was significantly influenced on almost all growth and yield contributing characters, seed yield. The highest yield (3.99 t ha-1) was obtained from BARI Gom-30 with three irrigation (irrigate at CRI, booting and grain filling stages). The optimum growth and higher yield of wheat cv. BARI Gom-30 could be obtained by applying three irrigations at CRI, booting and grain filling stages.

 Keywords: Growth and yield performance, Wheat, BARI Gom-30 treatment effect, Irrigation Management.

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Title: Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management
Author: Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4680431
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 05/04/2021
Date of Publication: 12/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/733.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 139-149
First Page: 139
Last Page: 149
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam (2021). Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 139-149. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4680431

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/733.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Abdur Rahman, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Shamima Akter Baly, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Mst. Afrose Jahan, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

A. T. Shamsuddoha, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Sonia Nusrin, Department of Development and Poverty Studies, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Sifat Jahan, Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Md. Saiful Islam (corresponding author), Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. E-mail: mdsaiful.sumon52@gmail.com

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4680431

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Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy in South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor

Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy in South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model

Author (s)

Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor

Abstract

­

Information epidemiology based on internet search data can be used to model COVID-19 pandemic progressions and monitor population health literacy. However, the applicability of internet searches to monitor COVID-19 infections and public health awareness in South Asian countries are unclear. To assess the association of public interest and health literacy in COVID-19 with the number of infected cases South Asian countries. Google Trends data from January to March 2020 were used to correlate public interest and literacy with official data on COVID-19 cases using the relative search volume (RSV) index. Public interest in COVID-19 was retrieved with the search term “Coronavirus (Virus)”. Similarly, search terms “hand wash”, “face mask”, “hand sanitizer”, “face shield” and “gloves” were used to retrieve RSV indices as a surrogate of health literacy. Country-level correlation analyses were performed for a time lag between 30 and +30 days. There were significant positive correlations between COVID-19 related public interest and daily confirmed cases in countries expect Nepal, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka. The highest public interest in South Asian Countries was on average 12 days before the local maximum of new confirmed cases. Similarly, web searches related to personal hygiene and preventive measures in south Asia correlated to the number of confirmed cases as well as national restriction measures. Public interest indicated by RSV indices can help to monitor the progression of an outbreak such as the current COVID-19 pandemic particularly in countries with a lack of diagnostic and surveillance capacity.

 Keywords: COVID-19, Google trends, health literacy, infectious disease, public health surveillance.

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Title: Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy in South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model
Author: Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4678285
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 05/04/2021
Date of Publication: 10/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/732.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 128-138
First Page: 128
Last Page: 138
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor (2021). Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy In South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 128-138. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4678285

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/732.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hasan Symum (corresponding author), Department of Industrial and Management System Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. Email: hsymum@usf.edu

Habsa Khandaker Hiya, Muma College of Business, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4678285

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Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika

Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States

Author (s)

Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika

Abstract

­After an internationally recognized referendum on self-determination, South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011 by the end of Africa’s one of the longest civil wars. Afterwards, South Sudan entered its civil war on December 15, 2013. It happened between the two governing bodies of South Sudan President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar. The African Union, the United Nations, the United States, and the other Western forces had made major diplomatic attempts to bring the war to an end but failed. In response to this civil war, mass people of South Sudan have started to take refuge in the neighbouring states. More than 1.6 million people have been internally displaced, with approximately 200,000 finding shelter at UN PoC sites in front of UN bases. They fall under troublesome situations in the receiving countries as well. Though the United States along with other international organizations have significant political, financial, and military investments in the refugee receiving countries by the war in South Sudan, such as Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya, local integration is not still welcomed by them. Though this paper has some limitation like its only qualitative based research so there is lack of resources for explaining overall situation. In spite of some limitation the study will try to evaluate the impacts of the South Sudanese Refugee Crisis on the neighbouring states through local integration with the secondary data collected from different books, journals, newspapers, articles, etc. By following the qualitative research approach. Basically this paper has two purpose. Firstly it explains the historical background of conflict. Secondly it describes the impact on neighbouring states in various event of life. In conclusion, finally, some policies will be recommended which have present implication to solve the conflict and ensure the proper treatment of refugee who take shelter in different neighbouring states.

 Keywords: Local Integration, Refugee, Explore, Impact, Neighbour, State.

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Title: Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States
Author: Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4655591
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2021
Date of Publication: 01/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/731.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 120-127
First Page: 120
Last Page: 127
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika (2021). Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 120-127. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4655591

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/731.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sumaya Khan Auntu (corresponding author), Department of  International Relations, Bangladesh University of Professionals(BUP), Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh. E-mail: sumaya.bupir17@gmail.com

Faria Nusrat, Department of International Relations. Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP), Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh. E-mail: fariabup21@gmail.com

Sumaiya Siddika, Department of Economics, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail 1902, Bangladesh. E-mail: sumaiyamunni34@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4655591

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Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF

Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company

Author (s)

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF

Abstract

­This is a doctrinal study into identifying the position of the Iraqi banking system in terms of protection of the rights of the depositors as well as identifying the provisions of guarantee for depositors in the event the banks declare bankruptcy. This paper illustrates bank deposit guarantee in Iraq. it focuses on the Iraq Regulation no 33 of 2016 where it specifies the Iraqi company named Iraqi Deposit Insurance Company (IDIC). This company is established as the juridical company; The main purpose of this company is related to its very importance as they must do its business properly in compensating the depositor. The findings of this study show that the Iraqi banking system in the purview of guaranteeing the rights of depositors are inadequate and need major reforms. The paper concludes with recommendations for the Iraqi legislators on the necessary needed enactments required to remedy the issues. This research will contribute to the much needed literature in the Iraqi banking system. Furthermore, the findings of this paper can be extrapolated in regard to consumer protection and bank guarantees in emerging economies.

 Keywords: Bank deposit guarantee, Iraqi depositor, compensation for depositors, depositors.

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Title: Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company
Author: Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650468
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2021
Date of Publication: 31/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/730.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 110-119
First Page: 110
Last Page: 119
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF (2021). Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 110-119. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4650468

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/730.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF, Department of Law, University of Garmian, Kurdistan-Iraq. & Ph.D. candidate at Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia. Email: Mhamadomer2371991@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650468

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Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh Tanzila Rahman Lubna

Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Tanzila Rahman Lubna

Abstract

­This research investigated the service gap between student’s expectations and perception regarding private university services in Bangladesh with a particular focus on the SERVQUAL model along with the five dimensions: Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, and Empathy. I investigated the dimensions of quality of university service and its impact on student’s satisfaction. A self-administered and structured questionnaire use to collect data from 200 respondents of university students. The SPSS software was used here for analyzing data. Different statistical tools were used which are compatible with my research, such as factor analysis, reliability analysis, and descriptive analysis. I surveyed twenty private universities by using the random sampling method. As for students’ perception, the services gap (Expected service – Perceived service), in the dimensions of tangibility, assurance, and empathy, is significant because expected service is below perceived service in the private universities of Bangladesh. But in the dimension of reliability and responsiveness, the services gap is insignificant because expectations are near to perceived service in the same university. The administration and the government both will get benefit from the findings of the study, particularly in the university perspective of Bangladesh. The study base on relatively small sample size (200) from private university in Bangladesh, which may not reflect the whole scenario of Bangladesh.

 Keywords: SERVQUAL, Service gap, Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy.

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Title: Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh
Author: Tanzila Rahman Lubna
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650380
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 17/03/2021
Date of Publication: 31/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/729.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 101-109
First Page: 101
Last Page: 109
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Tanzila Rahman Lubna (2021). Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 101-109. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4650380

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/729.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tanzila Rahman Lubna, Lecturer, Department of Marketing, Pundra University of Science and Technology, Bogura, Bangladesh. Email: tanzila.lubna@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650380

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The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh Md. Mehedi Hasan

The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Mehedi Hasan

Abstract

­

The growing trend of online shopping has taken over the popularity of traditional shopping among its consumers In recent decade. In the world of digitization it has eased the difficulties of retailing and paved a modern approach to trade online. In this paper, we aim to investigate the reason of the increase of popularity of online shopping among the consumers of a selected region, especially during this pandemic period. The present study has been conducted among the consumers of Khulna City. Convenience sampling method has been used to select the sample. The primary data was collected from 111 respondents by means of a self-constructed questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using Excel and SPSS software. There are many reasons for increasing of online sales. However, due to time and resource constraints, this paper considers some influential factors such as Facebook, website design, reviews and Covid-19. 72.1% of respondents would like to start up an online shopping service because they can run that with their study, job or other businesses. Almost 97.3% respondents think that online business is the demand of time because it is less risky and they can stay home through this. Of these, 63.1% respondents have increased online shopping than before and 13.5% have been involved in online shopping for the very first time by the influence of Covid-19. This study has been conducted by online which may not be generalized. It is an established fact that online shopping has become crucial for every business hub. But the pandemic has accelerated the shift towards a more digital world and triggered changes in online shopping behaviors that are likely to have lasting effects.

 Keywords: Online shopping, consumer, Covid-19, product, influential factors.

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Title: The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh
Author: Md. Mehedi Hasan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 24/03/2021
Date of Publication: 26/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/728.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 88-100
First Page: 88
Last Page: 100
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Mehedi Hasan (2021). The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 88-100.doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/728.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Mehedi Hasan, Senior Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, North Western University (NWU), Khulna, Bangladesh. E-mail: mehedistat47@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392

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The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI

The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU

Author (s)

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI

Abstract

­

The objective of this research is to study the determinants and effects of deforestation in the WAEMU countries.  On the basis of panel data covering the 8 WAEMU countries from 2000 to 2014 and with a fixed-effect regression with correction for heteroskedasticity, we come to the conclusion that the gross domestic product per capita contributes in the short term to the increase.  deforestation but a long-term decrease in deforestation is possible because there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between these two variables. Population density and respect for the rule of law are determinants of deforestation in the WAEMU zone.  In addition, deforestation contributes positively to CO2 emissions in WAEMU.  In view of these results, in terms of energy use, the State must favor energies based on renewable energies more than fossil energies which are more polluting; encourage reforestation initiatives.  Improving the quality of institutions through the establishment of a framework promoting respect for the rule of law will be an asset in the fight against deforestation in WAEMU.

 Keywords: Deforestation, CO2 emissions, Gross domestic product per capita, CKE, quality of Institutions, WAEMU.

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Title: The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU
Author: Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 18/03/2021
Date of Publication: 21/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/727.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 75-87
First Page: 75
Last Page: 87
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO &  Kodjo N’SOUVI (2021). The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 75-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/727.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI (corresponding author), School of Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business, China, 100026. Email: mathsondis@gmail.com

Kossi AYENAGBO, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Kara, Togo.

Kodjo N’SOUVI, College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Ocean University, 201306,Shanghai, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558

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Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government Md. Anwarul Azim

Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government

Author (s)

Md. Anwarul Azim

Abstract

­

Openness to international trade has brought about different development outcomes in different countries. Once it was thought that openness to trade is the panacea for development and it will always lead to positive development outcomes. However, Bangladesh’s experience of opening up to international trade suggests that it is a necessary but not sufficient condition for economic development. The country has experienced consistent economic growth throughout last two decades and a major contributor to her economic development has been export oriented Ready Made Garments (RMG) sector. Bangladesh could make RMG sector a success story owing to factor endowment of abundant labour. This comparative advantage in the factor of production allowed static gains like specialization to occur. However, only openness to trade did not make RMG sector a success story. The growth of RMG industries was supported by government as it introduced necessary institutional reforms related to RMG sector.  But the country failed to apply underlying comparative advantage in sectors other than RMG to be able to compete in global market. Under the mentioned backdrop, the purpose of this study is to analyze whether static gain has been transformed into dynamic one. To do so both qualitative and quantitative methods have been applied. Findings suggest that the country has been unable to achieve dynamic gains. In order to achieve dynamic gains openness to international trade must be supported by structural and institutional changes initiated by the government. The country should also focus on enhancing its comparative advantage by supporting existing sectors as well as promoting new sectors. In doing so trade policies should be directed towards signing free trade agreement (FTA) and export oriented labour intensive industrialization which in turn will lead to economic development and employment creation for the country.

 Keywords: International Trade, Comparative Advantage, Dynamic Gain, RMG, FTA.

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Title: Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government
Author: Md. Anwarul Azim
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/02/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/726.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 66-74
First Page: 66
Last Page: 74
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Anwarul Azim (2021). Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 66-74. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/726.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Anwarul Azim, Lecturer, Department of International Relations, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email:  azim2216@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506

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Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku

Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem

Author (s)

Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku

Abstract

­

The study explores the impact of servant leadership on employee performance in public sectors, the mediating role of employee job satisfaction, commitment, and the moderating role of self-esteem in the case of Ethiopia’s public sector, Ministry of Revenue. The survey was adopted from the theory of servant leadership, employee job commitment, satisfaction, and performance. The study used primary and secondary data. And also used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has 200 public sectors and 158,617 employees.  The researcher selected the Ministry of Revenue, which has 12 branches of taxpayers, and 3959 employees to address the study. Among those taxpayers, the investigator had chosen five branches.  Data were collected from top-leaders, middle-leaders, and employees’ of the organization. Questionnaires were distributed for 363 potential respondents whereas 345 were completed and retrieved successfully, which is about a 95.04% response rate. The data was described by testing of nonresponse bias, reliability and validity tests of measurement scales used in the study, descriptive analysis based on respondent’s information, assessing data quality, the correlation between variables, and hypotheses testing using Structural Equation Model (SEM) and Regression Analysis. The data obtained from 38 structured survey questionnaires, and 5 unstructured interviews. To perform the data analysis, SPSS 26 and AMOS 24 statistical software versions were used. The study has a substantial role in bringing high employee job satisfaction, employee job commitment to purpose, and employee performance and enhances leadership competence in public sectors. Besides, the study provides knowledge into servant leadership literature and further research.

 Keywords: Servant Leadership, Employee Performance, Employee Satisfaction, Employee Commitment, and Self-Esteem.

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Title: Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem
Author: Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/03/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/725.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 44-65
First Page: 44
Last Page: 65
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku (2021). Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 44-65. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/725.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Professor NiuXiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. 

Zenebe Garedew Boku (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: DE201865018@uibe.edu.cnzenebe196757@yahoo.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120

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Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh Debproshad Dawn

Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Debproshad Dawn

Abstract

­

Bangladesh is a riverine country. Like the rivers of this country, the music flows in different ways and Jaggan is one of the musical heritage of Bangladesh.  The main reason for researching the Jaggan of Jessore district is to revive the almost extinct song, to make it known to the public about the musical heritage, and to make future generations aware of this heritage. This study describes that Jaggan is a bearer of our tradition. In my study, I presented the geographical location, naming, establishment, and brief history of Jaggan. The current study is qualitative in nature. For conducting this study, I utilized both primary and secondary data, For obtaining primary data, a personal depth interview has been conducted in the Jessore district of Bangladesh and secondary data of my study has been collected from published research journals, book chapters, and related academic papers. Through this research, a trend of extinction of traditional music has emerged that will attract future generations. Still, there is no research on this topic thus current study is one of the early studies on Jaggan. The country and the nation will be benefited if the medium of education and knowledge on Jaggan can spread to the new generation.

 Keywords: People, cultural heritage, Jaggan, geographical Infrastructure, psychological, direction.

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Title: Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh
Author: Debproshad Dawn
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610011
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 11/03/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/724.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 38-43
First Page: 38
Last Page: 43
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Debproshad Dawn (2021). Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangaldesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 38-43. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4610011

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/724.pdf

About Author (s)

Dr. Debproshad Dawn, Associate Professor, Department of Music, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: deb@du.ac.bd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610011

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Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor

Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China

Author (s)

John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor

Abstract

­

Quick Response (QR) code utilization has exploded in China to a higher extent compared to other Western countries. QR codes have become part and parcel of the digital world and the online shopping environment in China. This study adopted the Theory of Diffusion of Innovations (DOI) as the theoretical framework of this study, to investigate the perceptions of how African students use QR codes for online shopping within China. The study utilized an online questionnaire design to collect data from 615 African students from 9 countries studying in 10 purposively sampled Chinese universities. One key finding of our study shows that the type of QR code mostly used among African students is the product information types and their reason for opting for the product information QR code type is mainly for searching for the right product before they do online shopping or buy. Our study also reported that despite some challenges identified by respondents, which include: the acquisition of a smartphone and the need to download an app, there a general level of acceptance of QR codes among African students in China. In conclusion, 55.9% of the sampled African students for this studying in China specified they were ready to recommend QR code usage in their respective African countries for online shopping.

 Keywords: African students, China, online shopping, perceptions, QR codes.

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Title: Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China
Author: John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 13/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/723.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 22-37
First Page: 22
Last Page: 37
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor (2021). Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of Quick Response Code (QRC) Utilization among African University Students in China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 22-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/723.pdf

 

About Author (s)

John Demuyakor (corresponding author), Institute of Communication Studies, Communication University of China, Beijing, PR China. Email: tevezkanzo@outlook.com, Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6084-6951

Isaac Demuyakor, Harbin Medical University, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, PR China. Email : i.demuyakor@yahoo.com, Orcid : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4089-8375.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186

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Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu

Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author (s)

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu

Abstract

­

Global and local challenges and changes in the structure of knowledge production and usage, have led to very many different types of innovations. Thus, recognizing and classifying such innovations is more complex, fragmented, and geographically dispersed academic and social venture. This study provides a quantitative longitudinal study of the determinants of innovation, their role in entrepreneurship innovation capacity and how they collectively add value to economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. The study used fixed effects with country dummies in the analysis where Stata software was used. The results generated are expected to use in enabling both other researchers and practitioners to navigate the complex web of innovation definitions and typologies and they collectively impact on economic growth in the poor world. The results indicated that the extent of staff training, brain drain, absence of excessive bureaucracy and red tape, intellectual property protection, venture capital availability and intensity of local competition among firms were positively and significantly correlated with entrepreneurial innovation capacity in SSA. On the other hand, government procurement of advanced technologies was negatively and significantly correlated with entrepreneurial innovation capacity in SSA. It is recommended that respective countries should put in mechanisms to capitalize from the positive benefits of brain drain, absence of excessive bureaucracy and red tape, venture capital availability, intensity of local competition among firms and tertiary education gross enrolment on the economy. This could be through increased investments in tertiary institutions and reduction of bureaucracy and corruption that will not only increase high quality production through increased labour productivity, but will also foster fair competition in the markets. The governments should also increase mechanisms that facilitate increased savings for investment and where possible adopt strategies that will encourage increased inflow of foreign direct investment.

 Keywords: Innovation Capacity, Entrepreneurial Innovation, FDI, Labour Force Participation Rate, Red Tape, Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Title: Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596907
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 11/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/722.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 8-21
First Page: 8
Last Page: 21
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu (2021). Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 8-21. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4596907

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/722.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: norbertomuga@yahoo.com

Robert Moracha Ogeto, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email:

Professor Xiongying Niu, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596907

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Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism Ratna Rani Das

Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism

Author (s)

Ratna Rani Das

Abstract

­

Buddhism is a religious of peace and harmony, The Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. This religion is known as the religion for enlightened people. Peace, happiness, social justice, compassion, integrity, mutual understands, trust, tolerance, and wisdom are the mind attributes of Buddha. These attributes are significant for bringing happiness, peace and tranquility in the society. This paper explores the concept of happiness and tranquility in the light of Buddha. It focuses on the necessity of following moral code of conduct and to follow four sublime states to bring peace in the society. This research paper also highlighted loving-kindness, compassion and sympathy to bring peace in the society for ensuring happiness for sustainable society.

 Keywords: Buddhism, religion, peace, happiness harmony, compassion, tranquillity.

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Title: Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism
Author: Ratna Rani Das
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588469
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 03/03/2021
Date of Publication: 08/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/721.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-7
First Page: 1
Last Page: 7
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ratna Rani Das(2021). Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism.International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 1-7.doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4588469

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/721.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ratna Rani Das, Lecturer, Dept. of Pali and Buddhist Studies, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Email: ratnaranidas.du@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588469