Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain

Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach

Author (s)

Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain

Abstract

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The study aims to explore the existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) in Bangladesh. The policy implications for the inverted U-shaped and the N-shaped EKC are different, therefore, it is important to identify the real shape of the EKC for a country for adopting an appropriate policy for mitigating environmental pollution. Although many studies in the context of Bangladesh have explored the inverted U-shaped EKC, none of the study explores the N-shaped EKC. Against this backdrop, the present study has attempted to explore the N-shaped EKC in Bangladesh by using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Bounds test approach. The study has found that the actual shape of the EKC in Bangladesh is N-shaped for both the short- and long-run. This implies that although higher economic growth mitigates the environmental pollution, but after a certain level of income, the pollution will rise again with the higher level of income per capita. Therefore, policymakers need to reconsider the existing growth promoting policy and adopt a new policy by considering the possibility of this N-shaped EKC.

 Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve, N-shaped EKC, environmental pollution, ARDL bounds test, Bangladesh.

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Title: Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach
Author: Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 08/05/2021
Date of Publication: 13/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/734.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 150-160
First Page: 150
Last Page: 160
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain (2021). Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 150-160. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/734.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh. Email: khaleda.nur.econju@pust.ac.bd

 Md. Adnan Al Nahian, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

Md. Roni Hossain, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867

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