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Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division Ayuen Bol Mathew

Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division

Author (s)

Ayuen Bol Mathew

Abstract

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The purpose of this study was to compare the tax tariff rates utilized by the South Sudan Tax Administration to worldwide norms, analyze the problems faced by the Tax Administration in producing national income, and, finally, establish taxpayer duties. Because this was a descriptive study, both quantitative and qualitative designs were highly important. The study used secondary data, with the majority of the information coming from the South Sudan Custom Tariff Valuation Manual of the Ministry of Finance and Planning.  This study was significant in the sense that it compared tax Tariff rates used in South Sudan with the rest of the world, particularly the East Africa Region. According to the findings, the majority of the import or export duty levies on the selected items were 10% import duty on the items presented in the tables; general sale tax ranged from 15% to 18%, and business profit tax on food items ranged from 2% to 4%. The main challenges encountered by the South Sudan Tax Administration were an insufficient number of qualified Tax Officers; limited job jurisdiction; political instability/instability; economic instability; a lack of Taxpayers’ Education; a lack of staff capacity building; un-procedural recruitment; and significant tax avoidance. This study has recorded a number of limitations. Among them was insufficient data on tax tariffs in the context of South Sudan; COVID-19 restriction measures greatly influenced the data collection. The outcome of this study was to embrace and adopt the tax harmonization system to international standards. The strengthening of the Tax Administration with more power can help them to improve those challenges that affect their operations. Harmonization of tax rates on import and export goods can play a great role in revenue transformation as well as the strengthening of taxpayers. Education can embrace more revenue collection.

 Keywords: Tax Administration, Tax Tariff Rate, Import/Export, South Sudan.

 

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Title: Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division
Author: Ayuen Bol Mathew
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037106
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 23/06/2021
Date of Publication: 28/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/802.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 14-25
First Page: 14
Last Page: 25
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ayuen Bol Mathew (2021). Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 14-25. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5037106

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/802.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ayuen Bol Mathew, PGD –PA, Public Administration University of Juba, Bachelor of Art in Public Administration and Management (BAPAM), Cavendish University, Uganda.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037106

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Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost A. G. Al-Morshed

Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost

Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed

Abstract

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International migration has emerged as an important aspect of Bangladesh in the context of surplus labour and unemployment. As our resource is limited comparing to the large population, it is difficult to create job opportunities for all. Therefore, a portion of Bangladeshi labourers temporarily goes abroad for their livelihood and return after certain period. There are many obstacles in going abroad where high migration cost is the highest one and it is a serious bar to economic profitability in migration. This paper aims at finding out the overall cost condition of migration and its negatives effects.  Both type of primary and secondary data is used in this study. Primary data is collected through questionnaire survey from three districts of Bangladesh and the secondary data from the reports of national and international organizations and scholarly articles.  It is found that the cost of migration is very high in Bangladesh compared to neighboring countries like India, Pakistan, Nepal and others. The cost burden ruins migrant’s life cycle psychologically and economically. In fact, the responsible authorities fail to reduce cost burden of expatriates. This study will bring the gruesomeness of migration cost to the fore of policy makers that will play a vital role in realizing the unexpected situation.  Policy makers and concern authorities can pay more attention and provide logistic support to reduce migration cost. This will increase migration and volume of inward remittances, and will bring back comport to migrant’s life.

 Keywords: Migration, Migrant, Migration cost, Middle Eastern Countries, Profitability.

 

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Title: Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost
Author: A. G. Al-Morshed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 12/06/2021
Date of Publication: 20/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/801.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-13
First Page: 1
Last Page: 13
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

A. G. Al-Morshed (2021). Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 1-13. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/801.pdf

 

About Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed, PhD Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.  email: morshedfm26@gmailcom

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295