Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District Authors: Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain

Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District

Authors: 

Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain

Abstract

In this paper, a linear Cobweb model is used to analyze the phenomenon of commodity price fluctuations of vegetables in some selected villages of Noakhali district. The fluctuation of vegetable prices is normal in the market economy. The level of the price and the fluctuation not only has a significant influence on farmers and consumers, but a reasonable and stable price also has an irreplaceable effect on the safe running of the vegetable market. The assumptions for the model are (i) vegetables have no equal substitutes; (ii) there is no foreign competition. The analysis found that the slope of the demand function of the price was smaller/larger than the slope of the supply function of the price which means that the price and quantity supplied of the fresh vegetables would oscillate/indicate around a fixed price and also spiral inward/outward.

. Key words: 

Vegetable Prices, Cobweb Model, Price Fluctuation, Market economy, Noakhali district

Download PDF

Title:

Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District

Author:

Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1491286
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 15/11/2018
Date of Publication: 19/11/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/289.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 707-717
First Page: 707
Last Page: 717
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Binata Rani Sen, Md. Maznur Rahman & Mohammad Iqbal Hossain (2018). Cobweb Model for the Stabilization of Vegetable Prices in Some Selected Villages of Noakhali District. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 707-717. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1491286

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/289.pdf

 

About Author

Binata Rani Sen, (Corresponding Author) Department of Economics, Noakhali Science and              Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

Md. Maznur Rahman, Department of Economics, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

Mohammad Iqbal Hossain, Department of Economics, Noakhali Science and Technology      University, Noakhali, Bangladesh

 

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1491286

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries Authors: Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki & Salim Hamad Suleiman

Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries

Authors: 

Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki  & Salim Hamad Suleiman

Abstract

We examined the determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in SADC member countries. The study employed Pooled OLS as the main estimation method and using data from the period 1995–2016. Our results revealed that infrastructure, trade openness and market size are positive and significant determinants of FDI inflows in SADC Countries. Results support the previous theory like Hecksehel-Ohlin (1933) and eclectic paradigm or OLI framework developed by Dunning (1980). However, human capital has positive insignificant and inflation has negative significant with FDI inflows for the SADC member countries. Therefore, SADC countries should promote trade agreements to facilitate exportation which has linked with industrial sectors, In addition, SADC countries should reform investment policy to attract more foreign inflow into SADC countries in the long run. The availability and reliability of the good infrastructure of attract many investors to invest in the region.

 Key words: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Determinants, SADC, foreign inflow, Pooled OLS.

 

Download PDF

Title: Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries
Authors:

Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki  & Salim Hamad Suleiman

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1441190
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 30/09/2018
Date of Publication: 02/10/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/280.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 616-623
First Page: 616
Last Page: 623
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Khamis Hamad Ali, Suleiman Malik Faki  & Salim Hamad Suleiman (2018). Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment Inflows in Southern African Development Community (SADC) Member Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(4), 616-623. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1441190

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/280.pdf

 

About Authors

Khamis Hamad Ali, (Corresponding Author), PhD Candidate, School of International Trade and  Economics, University of International Business and Economics, China

Suleiman Malik Faki, PhD Candidate, School of International Trade and Economics, University of     International Business and Economics, China

Salim Hamad Suleiman, School of Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business,           China

 

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1441190

The Threshold Foreign Direct Investment under Application of the Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework: case of Benin Author: Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

The Threshold Foreign Direct Investment under Application of the Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework: case of Benin

Author: 

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Abstract

This paper aims to contribute to the first stage in applying the Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework (GIFF) of the New Structural Economics (NSE). The key point is to give additional proactive guidelines to developing governments in their effort to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) for enabling growth and structural transformation under GIFF application. To proceed, we explore the importance of an initial condition. We claim that FDI has direct effect on growth only if it reaches a certain share of a country’s GDP, it remains negative otherwise. We provide an empirical verification to our underlying hypothesis and find that FDI has positive impact on growth in Benin only if its share exceeds 2.062% of the country’s GDP. Our finding, therefore, gives Benin Government a more precise target on the amount of FDI in the beginning.

 Key words: FDI, GIFF, Threshold, sample split, bootstrapping, Cobb-Douglas, Benin.

Download PDF

Title: The Threshold Foreign Direct Investment under Application of the Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework: case of Benin
Authors: Kokou Wotodjo Tozo
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1323190
Media: Online and Print
Volume: 2
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 28/07/2018
Date of Publication: 30/07/2018
PDF URL: http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/265.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 480-490
First Page: 480
Last Page: 490

Cite This Article:

Tozo, K. W. (2018). The Threshold Foreign Direct Investment under Application of the Growth Identification and Facilitation Framework: case of Benin. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(3), 480-490. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1323190

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/265.pdf

 

About Authors

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo, Researcher: Institute of New Structural Economics at Peking University & PhD candidate: University of International Business and Economics

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1323190

The Impact of China – African trade on economic growth of African countries Authors: Enock Mwakalila, Joseph AKA & Tawanda Mukazhi

The Impact of China – African trade on economic growth of African countries

Authors: Enock Mwakalila, Joseph AKA & Tawanda Mukazhi

Abstract

There is no doubt that trade play a major role in economic growth and development of the country. But this notion has met with critical debate and controversies on the influence of trade on improving economic growth between countries, with some studied arguing that trade can actually harm the economy of at least one of the two countries. The trade between china and Africa is no exception to this. Therefore this study empirically analyzed the impact of trade between china and Africa on the economic growth of African countries. The panel data involving 41 African countries spanning 24 years (1992-2016) were collected and analyzed through pooled OLS, fixed effect and Arellano-Bond/Blundell-Bond models. The results showed that in all estimation techniques African trade with china appeared to benefit the former on improving its economic growth.

 Key words: SACCO’s, transactions accounts, Mobile Application Technology, Informational Interface, client payment.

Download PDF

Title:                                  The Impact of China – African trade on economic growth of African countries

Authors:                           Enock Mwakalila, Joseph AKA & Tawanda Mukazhi

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                   ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1250316

Media:                                Online and Print

Volume:                             2

Issue:                                  2

Acceptance Date:         16/05/2018

Date of Publication:   18/05/2018

PDF URL:                         http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/233.pdf

Free download:             Available

Page:                                  260-272

First Page:                       260

Last Page:                       272

Cite This Article:

Mwakalila, E.,  AKA, J., & Mukazhi, T. (2018). The Impact of China – African trade on economic growth of African countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(2), 260-272. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1250316

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/233.pdf

About Authors

Enock Mwakalila, (corresponding author), PhD student at Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing China.

Joseph E. Messou AKA, PhD student at Capital University of Economics and Business, Beijing China.

Tawanda L.C. Mukazhi, PhD student at Capital University of Economics and Business,  Beijing China.

 

 

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1250316

Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies Authors: Juma Gambason Makaranga & Xiaoyan Zhou

Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies Authors: Juma Gambason Makaranga & Xiaoyan Zhou

Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies

 Authors:  Juma Gambason Makaranga & Xiaoyan Zhou

 

Abstract

The study has been used fixed effect and first difference estimation method in a panel data of 49 African economies to evaluate the position of the quality of institutions, stock of human capital, trade openness and inflation rate on facilitating the influence of foreign direct investment (FDI) on growth for the period between 1990 and 2016. The results showed that FDI was positively and statistically significant and contributing to growth in fixed effect estimation and insignificant in first difference estimation. Human capital showed the positive relationship with growth but statistically insignificant yet inflation rate has statistically significant with negative influence on growth. The results reveal that the contribution of FDI on growth is uplifted by the quality of the institutions, open trade and natural resources. we found strong positive coefficients on the quality of institutions implying that quality of institutions has a vital role in boosting the growth of African economies. Both interaction term between FDI and natural resources (FDI*Resource Dummy), that of FDI and human capital (FDI*HC) showed a positive relationship with growth but statistically insignificant, yet the interaction term of FDI and quality of institution (FDI*QI) reveal a negative relationship with growth. These statistical insignificant coefficients of the interaction terms signify that in order to accelerate their growth African economies should put more emphasis on reforming their institutions in line with improving their human capital in such a way that they can be able to absorb and realize the FDI spillovers into their economies.

Key words: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), quality of institutions, Human capital, trade openness, inflation rate & African Economies

Download PDF

Title:                                Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies

Authors:                          Juma Gambason MakarangaXiaoyan Zhou

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                   ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                    https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1175180

Media:                                 Online and Print

Volume:                             2

Issue:                                  1

Acceptance Date:          18/02/2018

Date of Publication:    19/02/2018

PDF URL:                         http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/215.pdf

Free download:             Available

Page:                                   73-89

First Page:                        73

Last Page:                        89

 

Cite This Article:

Makaranga, J. G., & Zhou, X. (2018). Non-Automatic Influence of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on Growth: Evidence From African Economies. International Journal of Science and Business, 2(1), 73-89. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1175180

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/215.pdf

 

About Authors:

 

Juma Gambason Makaranga

(PhD student), School of Business Management

University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China

Xiaoyan Zhou

Professor,Business School

University of International Business and  Economics, Beijing, China

Download PDF

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1175180

Vietnam’s Garment Industry – Origins and Future Prospects Author: Dung Phuong

Vietnam’s Garment Industry – Origins and Future Prospects

Dung Phuong

 

Abstract:

This paper investigates the origin and future of Vietnam’s garment industry. Recent research has shown that garments business have been shifting from china to Vietnam because in Vietnam, comparatively labor costs are more cheaper than china. The rearrangement of production amenities to Vietnam – with strong government support to the garments industry, increasing exports if textile product, strong trade relations and selected goals have helped to expand of textile and apparel industry in Vietnam. According to purchasing power parity (PPT) Vietnam is the 35th largest economy in the world. Vietnam is a member of ASEAN, WTO and APEC. Garments industry have a great impact in Vietnam’s economy. Vietnam’s economy is growing day by day. This paper in exploratory in nature that will explore the impact of garment industry in Vietnam’s economy.

Key words: Garment, production, Industry, Prospect and economy

 

Download PDF

Title:                               Vietnam’s Garment Industry – Origins and Future Prospects.

Authors:                        Phuong, D.

Journal Name:            International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                         http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                2520-4750

DOI:                                  10.5281/zenodo.1040690

Media:                             Online and Print

Volume:                           1

Issue:                               3

Acceptance Date:       23/10/2017

Date of Publication: 2/11/2017

PDF URL:                    http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/112.pdf

Free download:        Available

Page:                              103-112

First Page:                  103

Last Page:                  112

Citation:

Phuong, D. (2017). Vietnam’s Garment Industry – Origins and Future Prospects. International Journal of Science and Business, 1(3), 103-112.

 

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/112.pdf

 

 

About Authors

Dung Phuong

Vietnamese German University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Download PDF

 

Attachments

Parvez, M. A. (2017). How does the Size of an Economy Matter? A Panel Data Analysis of China’s Trade by Using the Gravity Model.

Parvez, M. A. (2017). How does the Size of an Economy Matter? A Panel Data Analysis of China’s Trade by Using the Gravity Model.

How does the Size of an Economy Matter? A Panel Data Analysis of China’s Trade by Using the Gravity Model.

Md. Al-Amin Parvez

Abstract

The larger the size of the stone the greater the frictions it has to endure while rolling, this is the law of general physics. On that same note, we consider the China’s Economy which has been booming and racing fast towards becoming the NO. 1 economy in the world, is facing and will have to face challenges now and onwards. This paper has made the attempt to provide a brief theoretical justification for using the gravity model in the analysis of bilateral trade and apply the generalized gravity model to analyze the China’s trade with its major trading partners as well as countries in BCIM using the panel data estimation technique. The effect of the size of the economies, per capita GNI differential of the countries involved and openness of the trading countries over the China’s trade have been obtained as the results of the analysis.

 

Keywords: China’s Trade, Gravity Model, GNI, and Panel Data.

Download PDF

Title:  How does the Size of an Economy Matter? A Panel Data Analysis of China’s Trade by Using the Gravity Model.

Authors:                            Parvez, M. A.

Journal Name:               International Journal of Science and Business

Website:                            http://ijsab.com

ISSN:                                 ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)

DOI:                                  https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.439692

Media:                              Online and Print

Volume:                           1

Issue:                                2

Acceptance Date:       13/03/2017

Date of Publication: 14/03/2017

PDF URL:                     http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/102.pdf

Free download:        Available

Page:                             37-57

First Page:                  37

Last Page:                  57

Cite This Article:

Parvez, M. A. (2017). How does the Size of an Economy Matter? A Panel Data Analysis of China‘s Trade by Using the Gravity Model. International Journal of Science and Business, 1(2), 37-57. doi:10.5281/zenodo.439692

Retrieved from http://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/102.pdf

About Authors:

Md. Al-Amin Parvez

Graduate Student ,Department of Finance and Banking,

University of International Business and Economics

Beijing, China

 

Download PDF

DOI:  https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.439692

Attachments