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A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan

A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan

Abstract

­Large-scale mass poisoning through arsenic contaminated groundwater is a global concern and Bangladesh is among the countries exposed to high concentrations of arsenic in groundwater. As arsenic is a widespread contaminant, several studies have been conducted on it but only a few of these studies were held on micro regions by assessing its role on water quality index. In this study, the source and mobilization of arsenic, its effect on soil and plant, level and consequence of toxicity in human health along with current and potential methods to eliminate arsenic from groundwater in Bangladesh were reviewed based on previous researches. Along with the review, an experimental study was also carried out in an arsenic prone region of Bangladesh named Faridpur Sadar Upazila to delineate the role of arsenic in contamination by generating two synthetic scenarios where water quality was measured by the weighted arithmetic water quality index (WQI) method. From the review it was found that, both geogenic, as well as anthropogenic sources, contribute to arsenic affluence in groundwater in Bangladesh. The most accepted theory states that the Himalayan is the primary geogenic source of arsenic in the Bangladesh. Arsenic arrived in the aquifer transported with sediments which eventually releases into groundwater by several biogeochemical processes. This arsenic-contaminated groundwater is extensively used for drinking purpose and irrigation resulting in accumulation of arsenic in human body, soils and plants.  Moreover, the accumulated arsenic in soil and plants transmits into the human body jeopardizes human health. Though, several arsenic removal technologies are now in practice in Bangladesh, more eco-friendly and convenient methods may be utilized to attenuate the level of toxicity.  The experimental study revealed that, if the arsenic amount was reduced from the present condition, the overall WQI increases considerably. At one location, the index changed from category E to category B while considering a synthetic scenario of no arsenic in water. This indicates that arsenic is the key pollutant of groundwater in the area. This paper expects the kind attention of the local people and policymakers about the severity of arsenic pollution in the region.

 Keywords: Arsenic, Water Quality Index (WQI), Drinking Water, Water Contamination, Source and Health Impact, Bangladesh.

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Title: A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh
Author: Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5144547
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2021
Date of Publication: 29/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/800.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 305-328
First Page: 305
Last Page: 328
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan (2021). A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 305-328. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5144547

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About Author (s)

Anika Tahsin, Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

Md. Aminul Islam Khan (corresponding author), Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh. Email: aminulislam381@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5144547

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Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil & Rolf Meyer

Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East

Author (s)

Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil &  Rolf Meyer

Abstract

­Social business hubs play an important role in facilitating social innovation and support social entrepreneurs to deliver social benefits to the wider community. This paper aims to firstly identify and evaluate the key success factors of social business hubs in the Middle East with the focus on Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq, secondly, identify what successful social hubs offer, and thirdly, identify the challenges facing social business hubs in the region. In-depth interviews with eight social business hub managers were conducted using a pre-designed questionnaire. The findings were interesting and meaningful and show the impact severity of the COVID-19 pandemic on the infrastructure of the social business hubs. Networking and collaboration seem to be the predominant success factor for social business hubs. Finally, we observe that social business hubs in the region are facing many challenges; the main two are lack of government support and funding issues.

 Keywords: Success factors, business model innovation, social innovation, social hub and social incubator, accelerator.

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Title: Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East
Author: Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil &  Rolf Meyer
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5140107
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2021
Date of Publication: 27/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/799.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 289-304
First Page: 289
Last Page: 304
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil &  Rolf Meyer (2021). Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 289-304. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5140107

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/799.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mahmoud Al-Kilani (corresponding author), School of Business, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), CH – 5210 Windsch, Switzerland. Tel: +41 56 202 7297. Email: Mahmoud.alkilani@fhnw.ch.

Arie Hans Verkuil, School of Business, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), CH – 5210 Windisch, Switzerland. Tel: +41 56 202 7297. Email: arie.verkuil@fhnw.ch.

Rolf Meyer, School of Business, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), CH – 4600 Olten, Switzerland. Tel: +41 62 957 2356. Email: rolf.meyer@fhnw.ch.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5140107

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Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad; Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm

Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes

Author (s)

Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad; Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm

Abstract

­The study begins with four hypotheses, the first one relates to the significance of managing human resources within the organization; the second one relates to information, which has become the most important source from which human resources derive their strength. The fourth hypothesis concerns the contribution to the adaptation and adaptation of technological changes of the strategic human resources management. This study sought to highlight the role of strategic human resources management in view of technological changes as institutions adapt to technological changes. A number of results have been found, including: The strategy on human resources is part and parcel of the strategy of the organization. Thus, the human resources management functions and practices are all in the service of other strategies of departments. The profound change in people in organizations because of the transition from people management to human resources management, taking the human element into consideration as an important factor in the organization and calling for the optimum administration of human resources in various levels and activities.

 Keywords: human resources, strategic management, technological changes, management function, technological changes.

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Title: Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes
Author: Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad; Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5115472
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 14/07/2021
Date of Publication: 120/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/798.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 278-288
First Page: 278
Last Page: 288
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Al-Mafrachi, mustafa saad, Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm (2021). Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 278-288. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5115472

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/798.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad (corresponding author), The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania. Email: mustafa3.saad@gmail.com

Aboura, Enas Hussein, The Bucharest University Of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

Abed, Hanaa Najm, University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5115472

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Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Abstract

­

In this paper, we attempted to test whether the governance has a positive impact on the structural change in SSA or not.  For the cause, we used the six indexes of the Institutional Quality namely Government Effectiveness, Rule of Law, Control of Corruption, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Regulatory Quality, Voice of Accountability to see their impact on the structural change in SSA. We use 46 SSA countries from worldwide governance indicator of World Bank from 1996 to 2016 in a Generalized Method of Moment and Generalized Least Square regressions. The results show that only the Government Effectiveness is positively affecting the value added (proxy of structural change) of three sectors (agriculture, industry and service) of the SSA economies.   Some affect positively one sector and negatively another sector, while the rest are insignificant for one sector and negative for other as example. Our results show that more efforts need to be done for the betterment of the institutional quality considering each sector’s particularity.

 Keywords: Structural change, Growth, SSA, Governance, Value Added, GLS, GMM.

 

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Title: Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author: Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2021
Date of Publication: 16/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/797.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 260-277
First Page: 260
Last Page: 277
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou (2021). Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 260-277. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/797.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. Email: sirdanielstro12@yahoo.fr

Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline (corresponding author), University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.  Email: raymondosandra@163.com

Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, China. Email:naziroucouscous@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243

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Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District Nasrin Naher Bithe, Elora Ferdous Ela & Md. Shamsuddin Sarker

Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District

Author (s)

Nasrin Naher Bithe, Elora Ferdous Ela & Md. Shamsuddin Sarker

Abstract

­

Bangladesh has been taken into consideration as a climate vulnerable country and the impacts of climate change increase threats of adverse condition in agricultural production. This study is primarily based on assessing farmer’s adaptive capacities to adaptation techniques, its determinants and problems of taking adaptations. It’s an empirical study that is conducted on the basis of 100 mango producers lived in the Chapai Nawabganj district. Adaptive Capacity Index (ACI) is utilized to calculate the adaptive capacity of farmers and using Multiple Regression Model (MRM) the determinants of adaptive capacities are identified based on OLS method. Another comprehensive index called Problem Confrontation Index (PCI) is also applied to rank the problems confronted by farmers to take adaptation techniques. The findings of this study reveal that farmer’s average adaptive capacity is moderate in degree in the study area which is 0.64 and 73% farmers are moderate level adapters. In addition, regression analysis reveals that the variables education, training, family size and weekly mango orchard visit have significant impact on the adaptive capacities of mango producers lived in the study area. It is also found that “lack of agricultural loan” ranked top and appears to be the most intense trouble of the mango producers to take adaptation techniques in the region studied. Finally, this study suggests that government should formulate proper policy to enhance adaptive capacities of farmers in Bangladesh.

 Keywords: Climate Change, Adaptation Techniques, Mango Farmers, Agriculture, Bangladesh.

 

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Title: Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District
Author: Nasrin Naher Bithe, Elora Ferdous Ela & Md. Shamsuddin Sarker
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109213
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 13/07/2021
Date of Publication: 16/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/796.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 248-259
First Page: 248
Last Page: 259
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Bithe, N. N., Ela, E. F., & Sarker, M. S. (2021). Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 248-259.doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5109213

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/796.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Nasrin Naher Bithe (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Development Studies, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Email: nasrinds.hstu@gmail.com

Elora Ferdous Ela, Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

Md. Shamsuddin Sarker, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Southeast University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109213

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Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan Chol Gabriel Majer

Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan

Author (s)

Chol Gabriel Majer

Abstract

­

The study’s overall goal is to assess the influence of conflict management on managerial performance at the Ministry of Finance and Planning, and it employs a descriptive research methodology. The study employed a sample size of 44 respondents, which included senior managers, line managers, and support workers. The respondents were selected using a simple random sampling method and purposive sampling. In this study, questionnaires were employed as the primary data gathering tool. The data gathered in the field was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 16.0, which included descriptive statistics like percentages as well as inferential statistics like frequencies percentages analyses. According to the findings of this study, the majority of respondents believe that dialogue influences conflict management and managerial performance. They also believe that involving employees in conflict resolution leads to the achievement of a mutually optimal solution, implying that using an integrating strategy to manage conflicts improves managerial performance. The study concludes that conflict management strategies and managerial performance are linked, and that the most commonly used strategies are integrating, avoiding, and obliging. It is recommended that the Ministry of Finance and Planning highlight and use at least two or one strategy to ensure objectivity.

 Keywords: Conflict, Management, Performance, Ministry of Finance and Planning, South Sudan.

 

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Title: Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan
Author: Chol Gabriel Majer
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5084122
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 06/07/2021
Date of Publication: 09/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/795.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 222-247
First Page: 222
Last Page: 247
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Chol Gabriel Majer (2021). Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 222-247.doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5084122

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/795.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Chol Gabriel Majer, MBA (Generic) & PGDBA, University of Juba, South Sudan.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5084122

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Industrial processing water for an increased output using control intelligent Agent Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem, & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu

Industrial processing water for an increased output using control   intelligent Agent

Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem,  & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu

Abstract

­

Water treatment is crucial for agricultural production in order to maximize its value. It is suitable for use in agriculture, construction, and advanced technologies, and new technologies, especially in the field of IT. This paper presents an intelligent rule system based on a multi-agent architecture using fuzzy logic. This paper really solves the problem of regulating the supply of cold and hot water in industry. The problem of the lack of a clear mechanism for regulating water for use in the industrial process has led to unsatisfactory results in the production capacity of the financial sector. This can be solved through the development of the accessory function, which is an analysis of the causes of problems in the management of cold and hot water used in the manufacturing industry. The design of the accessory function, which consists of detecting deviations in the amount of liquid that had to pass through the hot and cold water tanks for industrial applications and necessity. Development of a smart rule that will control the amount of liquid in hot and cold water tanks, in trains, these are rules that must strictly follow the control format and consists in creating and developing a model of the water management process to increase production using an intelligent agent. The result is an increased level of performance where the intelligent agent that was used is concerned.

 Keywords: Industrial processing, water control, increased output, intelligent agent, Defuzzification.

 

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Title: Industrial processing water for an increased output using control   intelligent Agent
Author: Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem,  & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5070521
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 04/07/2021
Date of Publication: 05/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/794.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 214-221
First Page: 214
Last Page: 221
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem  & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu (2021). Industrial processing water for an increased output using control   intelligent Agent. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 214-221. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5070521

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/794.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang (corresponding author), Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria. Email: nbngang@gmail.com

Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

Bakare Kazeem, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT),Enugu,Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5070521

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The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government Angela Mucece Kithinji

The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government

Author (s)

Angela Mucece Kithinji

Abstract

­

Many developing countries have high levels of public debt many of which do not have sufficient resources to meet the public debt obligations. The Kenya government has reported high debt levels the debt levels of which do not assume a downward trend but instead continue escalating from one year to another while not downplaying the role of the its huge expenditure. The major concern is whether some developing countries such as the Kenya government should raise more of foreign debt which is cheaper in terms of interest costs while adhering to the conditionality of lending countries or whether the country should borrow domestically despite the higher interest costs. It was thus feasible to establish the influence of the composition of the Kenya public debt and government expenditure on the country’s economic growth. The study employed a causal research design. The period under study ranged from 2002 to 2017. The study used secondary data which was extracted from the National Bureau of Statistics, and National Economic Surveys which were available at the Government of Kenya website. Descriptive statistics was used to test the magnitude of the study variables. Regression analysis was used to establish the effect of public debt composition and government expenditure on economic growth in Kenya. The study established that both public debt composition and government expenditure had significant effect on economic growth of the country when tested individually. However, the findings further revealed that on the combined effect of the two independent variables, only government expenditure was found to influence economic growth unlike domestic public debt. The study therefore recommended that the government of Kenya should take precautions when engaging borrowing domestically and by extension in any form of borrowing.

 Keywords: Public Debt Composition, Government Expenditure, Economic Growth, GDP.

 

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Title: The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government
Author: Angela Mucece Kithinji
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5055817
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 27/06/2021
Date of Publication: 29/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/793.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 202-213
First Page: 202
Last Page: 213
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Angela Mucece Kithinji (2021). The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 202-213. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5055817

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/793.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Angela Mucece Kithinji, School of Business, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5055817

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Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain

Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium

Author (s)

Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain

Abstract

­The present research studies the numerical methods for resolving Bernoulli’s divisive statistical stability, because it is difficult to find analytical solutions for the largest number of stochastic divisive calculations. We found a new way for Bernoulli by adding white noise. Price measurement was achieved with a variety of selected models, and we realized through the solutions that the larger the (n) we find, the more we find the direct solution that approaches zero, and the error rate that approaches zero. The difference between a numerical solution and a direct solution has been observed.

 Keywords: Bernoulli, Numerical Solutions, Stochastic Differential Equations, Analytical Solutions, Absolute error, Exact Solution.

 

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Title: Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium
Author: Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037909
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 27/06/2021
Date of Publication: 29/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/792.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 194-201
First Page: 194
Last Page: 201
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain (2021). Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 194-201. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5037909

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/792.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kawar Badie Mahmood (Corresponding author), Information Technology department, Amedi Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq. Email: kawar.badie@dpu.edu.krd

Adil Sufian Husain, Information Technology department, Amedi Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037909

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Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division Ayuen Bol Mathew

Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division

Author (s)

Ayuen Bol Mathew

Abstract

­

The purpose of this study was to compare the tax tariff rates utilized by the South Sudan Tax Administration to worldwide norms, analyze the problems faced by the Tax Administration in producing national income, and, finally, establish taxpayer duties. Because this was a descriptive study, both quantitative and qualitative designs were highly important. The study used secondary data, with the majority of the information coming from the South Sudan Custom Tariff Valuation Manual of the Ministry of Finance and Planning.  This study was significant in the sense that it compared tax Tariff rates used in South Sudan with the rest of the world, particularly the East Africa Region. According to the findings, the majority of the import or export duty levies on the selected items were 10% import duty on the items presented in the tables; general sale tax ranged from 15% to 18%, and business profit tax on food items ranged from 2% to 4%. The main challenges encountered by the South Sudan Tax Administration were an insufficient number of qualified Tax Officers; limited job jurisdiction; political instability/instability; economic instability; a lack of Taxpayers’ Education; a lack of staff capacity building; un-procedural recruitment; and significant tax avoidance. This study has recorded a number of limitations. Among them was insufficient data on tax tariffs in the context of South Sudan; COVID-19 restriction measures greatly influenced the data collection. The outcome of this study was to embrace and adopt the tax harmonization system to international standards. The strengthening of the Tax Administration with more power can help them to improve those challenges that affect their operations. Harmonization of tax rates on import and export goods can play a great role in revenue transformation as well as the strengthening of taxpayers. Education can embrace more revenue collection.

 Keywords: Tax Administration, Tax Tariff Rate, Import/Export, South Sudan.

 

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Title: Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division
Author: Ayuen Bol Mathew
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037106
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 23/06/2021
Date of Publication: 28/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/802.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 14-25
First Page: 14
Last Page: 25
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

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Ayuen Bol Mathew (2021). Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 14-25. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5037106

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About Author (s)

Ayuen Bol Mathew, PGD –PA, Public Administration University of Juba, Bachelor of Art in Public Administration and Management (BAPAM), Cavendish University, Uganda.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037106

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Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke

Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique

Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke

Abstract

­

The decrease in power supply in the country has caused economic problems to small scale industries; one major problem attributed to this is inadequate planning mechanism that will forecast the required amount of power that will be needed to feed the entire population .Power system engineers had used all the conventional methods improve power supply. This issue of not having adequate forecasting mechanism in power generation network that will adequately serve the entire public is overcome by optimized electric power generation expansion planning using decomposition technique, It is achieve in this manner, characterizing the existing output power capacities of the electric power generating plants under study, Forecasting    of the load demand of the power generating plants under study, exterminating of percentage power generating capacity contribution and power generating capacity projected contribution to the National Grid, developing a Model for Decomposition Technique, Integrating SIMULINK Model in the Decomposition Technique. The results obtained are in 2009 the residential power demand by numerous consumers is 8075.00MW and the power demand in ten years is 10214.03MW and the commercial power demand is 2009 is 3865.50MW while the forecast power demand by this sector in ten years’ time when decomposition technique is introduced in the system is 5481.65MW.With these results, it shows that the power demand in ten years’ time is 41.9% generation power expansion.

 Keywords: optimized, electric power generation, power planning, cost saving, decomposition technique.

 

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Title: Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique
Author: Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5035032
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 16/06/2021
Date of Publication: 26/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/749.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 94-116
First Page: 94
Last Page: 116
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke  (2021). Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 94-116. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5035032

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About Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang (Corresponding Author), Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria. Email:  nbngang@gmail.com

Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

Bakare Kazeem, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

EZEKIEL Nnamere Aneke, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5035032

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Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh Shahnaz Parvin

Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin

Abstract

­

The purpose of this study is to contribute to the literature by investigating the impact of microcredit programs on how individuals perceive microcredit and the facts about it.This study also investigates the efficiency of management policies of microcredit institutions in targeting the ‘real’ poor. Lastly, provide some insights on how to enhance these programs’ effectiveness in alleviating poverty. This study adds to the existing literature, which found that microcredit programs had a positive impact on participants’ income, expenditure, quality, quantity, and education. Furthermore, the findings show a significant relationship between microcredit and an increase in the recipient’s business profits and capital in countries such as Bangladesh. The researchers discovered, however, that providing microcredit was able to increase individuals’ feelings of empowerment and independence. Moreover, the targeting criteria of microcredit institutions are found to be very efficient in being able to reach the extreme poor. Finally, the study referred to common challenges in the microfinance business that, apparently, microfinance institutions in Bangladesh are facing.

 Keywords: Micro Credit, Perception, Bank, Micro Finance and Empowerment.

 

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Title: Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Author: Shahnaz Parvin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5017475
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 20/06/2021
Date of Publication: 23/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/791.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 183-193
First Page: 183
Last Page: 193
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shahnaz Parvin (2021). Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 183-193 doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5017475

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About Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammaad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Email: shahnazhstu09@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5017475

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Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost A. G. Al-Morshed

Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost

Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed

Abstract

­

International migration has emerged as an important aspect of Bangladesh in the context of surplus labour and unemployment. As our resource is limited comparing to the large population, it is difficult to create job opportunities for all. Therefore, a portion of Bangladeshi labourers temporarily goes abroad for their livelihood and return after certain period. There are many obstacles in going abroad where high migration cost is the highest one and it is a serious bar to economic profitability in migration. This paper aims at finding out the overall cost condition of migration and its negatives effects.  Both type of primary and secondary data is used in this study. Primary data is collected through questionnaire survey from three districts of Bangladesh and the secondary data from the reports of national and international organizations and scholarly articles.  It is found that the cost of migration is very high in Bangladesh compared to neighboring countries like India, Pakistan, Nepal and others. The cost burden ruins migrant’s life cycle psychologically and economically. In fact, the responsible authorities fail to reduce cost burden of expatriates. This study will bring the gruesomeness of migration cost to the fore of policy makers that will play a vital role in realizing the unexpected situation.  Policy makers and concern authorities can pay more attention and provide logistic support to reduce migration cost. This will increase migration and volume of inward remittances, and will bring back comport to migrant’s life.

 Keywords: Migration, Migrant, Migration cost, Middle Eastern Countries, Profitability.

 

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Title: Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost
Author: A. G. Al-Morshed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 12/06/2021
Date of Publication: 20/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/801.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-13
First Page: 1
Last Page: 13
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

A. G. Al-Morshed (2021). Hindrance to Profitability of Bangladeshi Labour Migration in the Middle Eastern Countries: High Migration Cost. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 1-13. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295

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About Author (s)

A. G. Al-Morshed, PhD Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.  email: morshedfm26@gmailcom

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4999295

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The Extent Which Information Technology Contributes to the Quality of Hotel Service Aree Muhammad Ali

The Extent Which Information Technology Contributes to the Quality of Hotel Service

Author (s)

Aree Muhammad Ali

Abstract

­

The quality of hotel services has great importance in contemporary business and hotels, because of the changes that the world has witnessed and the increase in competition between organizations to provide high-quality services. Improving the quality of services is a very important issue as a result of the pressures that most companies face due to the increase in competitors, customer complaints, or the desire to increase sales. In this context, the purpose of the study tended towards analyzing the reality of the use of information technology in improving the level of hotel services by addressing the concept and quality of hotel service and the extent to which the study sample uses these applications from the point of view of the customers of the searched hotels. In addition to clarifying the dimensions of the quality of hotel services to match specifications needed for those services, a structure has been designed according to previous research methodology, assuming there is a correlation affected by the information technology dimension with the quality of hotel services. The researchers found that the interest in the elements and types of quality did not reach the required level, which led to achieving the dimensions of quality. The current study also found that the majority of hotels have a website that is used to obtain information about competing hotels and customers in order to provide better services and thus achieve a competitive advantage. The hotel management’s reliance on bilateral contacts and providing feedback, which is, answering customers’ inquiries and giving them the information they need in order to obtain high-quality hotel services.

 Keywords: information technology, hotel service, quality, competitive advantage.

 

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Title: The Extent Which Information Technology Contributes to the Quality of Hotel Service
Author: Aree Muhammad Ali
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4983495
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 14/06/2021
Date of Publication: 18/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/748.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 81-93
First Page: 81
Last Page: 93
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Aree Muhammad Ali (2021). The Extent Which Information Technology Contributes to the Quality of Hotel Service. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 81-93. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4983495

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About Author (s)

Aree Muhammad Ali, Technical College of Administration, Duhok PolyTechnic University, Iraq. Email: aree.ali@dpu.edu.krd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4983495

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The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative

Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

Abstract

­

This study was conducted to analyze the effect of China’s investment on the business environment and Economic growth of Sub-Saharan Africa countries in the perspective of BRI. The study used a neoclassical growth of Solow-type growth model and panel data analysis from the period of 2003 to 2018 on 43 SSA countries for the investment. Two panel regressions were estimated using time and country fixed effects through the fixed effect study result showed that the Chinese investment in the perspective of BRI has positive and statically significant effect on the economic growth and business environment of Sub-Saharan African countries. Which the Chinese investment studied in SSA countries is not a threat and normalized the negative attitude of some western researchers about Sino-Africa. China should have to revise the policy of investment in all countries in the region. Before Chinese FDI flow to the region it should have to study the environment for investment, business, policy and need of the countries. Chinese FDI should have assurance new knowledge, capital and infrastructure in the SSA countries to develop their business policy towards BRI. Besides, there is luck of full data and information of the Chinese FDI to SSA which has a limits research and complete analysis to help policy making with difficult measuring because of all each country has different resources, political systems and histories which has a lack of a uniform and clear model does not all variables might exact influence to the economic growth. Finally, it has an advantage to SSA countries and it will help for the future base of Sino-Africa BRI research and emphasized both relationships.

 Keywords: China, SSA, FDI, Economic Growth, BRI.

 

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Title: The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative
Author: Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934789
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 10/06/2021
Date of Publication: 12/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/790.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 161-182
First Page: 161
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu (2021). The Effect of China’s investment on the Business Environment and Economic Growth of Sub-Saharan Africa in perspective of Belt and Road Initiative. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 161-182. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4934789

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About Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss  (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: weldegebrielabraha@gmail.com, DE201665026

Xia Youfu, International trade and industrial economics, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: youfuxia@china.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934789

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New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative

Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu

Abstract

­

This study was conducted to investigate the effect of Chinese investment and trade on the business environment and Economic growth of Sub-Saharan Africa countries in the perspective of Belt and Road Initiative to improving the regional business environment and economy. The contribution of Chinese FDI and Trade has a positive significant effect to the economic growth of SSA and to linking with the international Business. The study used the BRI countries before and after starts from 2007-2011 and 2012-2018 respectively in 36 SSA countries. The new cooperation of Sino- SSA countries is not a threat and normalized the negative attitude of some western researchers about Sino-Africa. In order to more emphasize for all countries both China and SSA countries should do and revise their policy towards BRI. Also, it has an advantage to SSA countries and this study will help for the future base of Sino-Africa Belt and Road initiative research and emphasized both relationships.

 Keywords: China, SSA, Investment, Trade, Economic Growth, BRI.

 

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Title: New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative
Author: Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934696
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 10/06/2021
Date of Publication: 12/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/789.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 139-160
First Page: 139
Last Page: 160
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss & Xia Youfu (2021). New Economic cooperation of China with Sub-Saharan Africa in Belt and Road Initiative. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 139-160. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934696

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/789.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Weldegebriel Abrha Hagoss  (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: weldegebrielabraha@gmail.com, DE201665026

Xia Youfu, International trade and industrial economics, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: youfuxia@china.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4934696

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The Influence of Career Management and Career Development on Turnover Intention: A Study Based on the Law Firms in Jiangsu, China Liu Wanfu

The Influence of Career Management and Career Development on Turnover Intention:

A Study Based on the Law Firms in Jiangsu, China

 

Author (s)

Liu Wanfu

Abstract

­

Compared with western developed countries, China’s lawyer industry is still in the primary stage of development. The turnover intention of legal practitioners is more obvious, and the turnover phenomenon is more common. From the perspective of the reasons for leaving, the actual effect of law firms on the career management of legal practitioners plays an important role. At the same time, most legal practitioners are concerned about their career development status. Especially for young legal practitioners, if they cannot get substantial growth in their work, they will sprout obvious turnover intention. It seems that career management and career development have a significant inhibitory effect on turnover intention. However, it has a strong theoretical and practical value to explore the relationship between the three in detail using quantitative research and empirical analysis.On the one hand, this study addressed the gap for the limitation of the current academic research in related fields; it positively promoted the development of China’s lawyer industry. This research will take Jiangsu Province of China as the source of the research samples to analyze the related problems of legal practitioners in Jiangsu law firms. This study explores career management and career development on turnover intention and draws scientific and reliable research conclusions through empirical analysis. Finally, it puts forward relevant suggestions to reduce the turnover intention of legal practitioners in law firms.

 Keywords: Legal practitioners, Career management, Career development, Turnover intention, Active personality.

 

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Title: The Influence of Career Management and Career Development on Turnover Intention: A Study Based on the Law Firms in Jiangsu, China
Author: Liu Wanfu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4917123
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 07/06/2021
Date of Publication: 09/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/788.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 123-138
First Page: 123
Last Page: 138
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Liu Wanfu (2021). The Influence of Career Management and Career Development on Turnover Intention: A Study Based on the Law Firms in Jiangsu, China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 123-138. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4917123

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/788.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Liu Wanfu, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4917123

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A Research of Knowledge and Technology Innovation on Business Model Innovation: From the perspective of Chinese Pharmaceutical R&D Outsourcing Enterprises Yang Fan

A Research of Knowledge and Technology Innovation on Business Model Innovation:

From the perspective of Chinese Pharmaceutical R&D Outsourcing Enterprises

Author (s)

Yang Fan

Abstract

­

In order to improve R & D efficiency and reduce R & D cost, pharmaceutical enterprises are willing to split up multiple stages of new drug R & D, and in the form of signing contracts, outsourcing part of pharmaceutical R & D business is carried out to professional organisations. These organisations undertaking R & D outsourcing services are called Contract Research Organization (CRO). Because of the rapid change of market, diversified demand and increasingly fierce competition, CRO is facing key problems such as enterprise development, service level and talent echelon. By adopting a flexible business model and adapting to the market demand quickly, enterprises can keep core competitiveness and realise sustainable development in the fierce market competition. Given this, this study focuses on the business model innovation of contract research organisation. Through literature, the paper analyses the important factors related to business model innovation and then use the research model of the actual enterprise questionnaire to complete the empirical research. Further reference to domestic and foreign literature, the corresponding questionnaire scale is formulated. After the preliminary verification of the reliability and validity of the pre-survey questionnaire, the legal issue of the questionnaire for empirical analysis. Then, the data of 213 effective questionnaires were collected by SAS software and excel.  This study suggests that China’s contract research organisation should attach great importance to the innovation of business model and increase investment in the whole process of knowledge management to increase the internal innovation source power of enterprises. China’s contract research organisation should arrange the technical innovation in the direction of big data artificial intelligence in advance and formulate a complete risk management plan to significantly improve enterprise performance and enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises.

 Keywords: Contract research organisation, Business model innovation, Questionnaire survey, Empirical research.

 

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Title: A Research of Knowledge and Technology Innovation on Business Model Innovation: From the perspective of Chinese Pharmaceutical R&D Outsourcing Enterprises
Author: Yang Fan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4917054
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 07/06/2021
Date of Publication: 09/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/787.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 107-122
First Page: 107
Last Page: 122
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Yang Fan (2021). A Research of Knowledge and Technology Innovation on Business Model Innovation: From the perspective of Chinese Pharmaceutical R&D Outsourcing Enterprises. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 107-122. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4917054

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/787.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Yang Fan, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4917054

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The roles and Adaptation of Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) Free Balance on public finance management and service delivery in South Sudan Chol Gabriel Majer, Ayuen Bol Mathew, & Lual Daniel Kur

The roles and Adaptation of Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) Free Balance on public finance management and service delivery in South Sudan

Author (s)

Chol Gabriel Majer, Ayuen Bol Mathew, & Lual Daniel Kur

Abstract

­

Generally, the purpose of the study was to examine the roles and adaptation of Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) Free Balance, on public finance management and service delivery in South Sudan. The research adopted a mixed-method research design where qualitative and quantitative data were gathered using questionnaires, interviews and document analysis. The study used multistage sampling to pick the respondents for the questionnaires and interview. Results of analysis were presented in tables, various independent variables, identified as; Accountability, transparency, decision-making support, Management and efficiency-oriented and evaluation. Each attribute was analyzed in relation to the effect it has on Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS). Both Secondary and primary data were the main source considered as important source of this study by researchers. The primary data was subjected to tabulation using Advance excel as well as SPSS Software. Mixed method approach was significant qualitative and quantitative. The findings relate to the research questions that guided the study. The presentation of the results was done in line with specific objectives that guided the study.The researchers encountered many limitations while conducting the research when collecting the data. This study was limited to just four independent variables. These variables are not the only ones which determine implementation of IFMIS in National Government departments, as indicated by the strength of the analysis. The study was ones again limited by boundaries Government departments, where as IFMIS is implemented in the entire country, with even National Governments adopting it. Practical implications, originality/Value the study was that National Ministry of Finance and Planning should improve the financial data, organizes and makes access to financial information easy. The study concluded that, policies without appropriate implementation interventions are not effective in promoting IFMIS implementation. The study recommended that government of South Sudan to work on staff competency, right from recruiting qualified personnel, and embracing on on-job training on IFMIS operation.

 Keywords: Entry, Limit Pricing, Complete information, Incumbent operators, Distance.

 

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Title: The roles and Adaptation of Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) Free Balance on public finance management and service delivery in South Sudan
Author: Chol Gabriel Majer, Ayuen Bol Mathew, & Lual Daniel Kur
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4916915
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 01/06/2021
Date of Publication: 09/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/786.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 89-106
First Page: 89
Last Page: 106
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Chol Gabriel Majer, Ayuen Bol Mathew, & Lual Daniel Kur (2021). The roles and Adaptation of Integrated Financial Management Information System (IFMIS) Free Balance on public finance management and service delivery in South Sudan. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 88-106. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4916915

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/786.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Chol Gabriel Majer,MBA, PGDBA University of Juba, South Sudan.

Ayuen Bol Mathew, PGDP, University of Juba, South Sudan.

Lual Daniel Kur (corresponding author), University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4916915

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Knowledge and Attitude towards Nutrition among Pregnant women in Rural areas of Dhaka city, Bangladesh Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Iffat Ara Begum, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Md. Foqrul Hasan & Samsul Islam

Knowledge and Attitude towards Nutrition among Pregnant women in Rural areas of Dhaka city, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Iffat Ara Begum, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Md. Foqrul Hasan & Samsul Islam

Abstract

­

The knowledge on the nutritional status of pregnant women in Bangladesh is not enough. About 60% of South Asian women have underweight children due to a lack of healthy food and nutrition during their childhood. Pregnant women are the main victims of unhealthy eating habits, which are responsible for malnutrition. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess knowledge and attitudes about nutrition among pregnant women in the rural areas of Dhaka, Bangladesh. A brief and descriptive study was conducted in four randomly selected villages in Nawabganj district in Dhaka, Bangladesh with 384 randomly selected pregnant women. Data were collected from respondents using a semi-structured questionnaire by face-to-face interviews, after taking participants’ verbal consent. The SPSS 20 model is used for data entry and analysis. The findings of the study indicate that more than half of the respondent’s level of knowledge about nutrition was excellent or good but only 43.0% respondents had excellent or good attitude towards nutrition. The level of knowledge was strongly associated with the age of respondents, the type of family and the number of pregnancies and the level of attitude was strongly associated with the age of the respondent and the number of pregnancies. Based on the results of the study, it can be recommended that healthy nutrition education should be strengthened to empower rural mothers to understand the importance of nutritious food during pregnancy. Long-term study on a large scale with the similar population can help to generalize the findings.

 Keywords: Knowledge, attitude, nutrition, pregnant women, Bangladesh.

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Title: Knowledge and Attitude towards Nutrition among Pregnant women in Rural areas of Dhaka city, Bangladesh
Author: Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Iffat Ara Begum, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Md. Foqrul Hasan & Samsul Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4904558
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/06/2021
Date of Publication: 06/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/776.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 272-279
First Page: 272
Last Page: 279
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Iffat Ara Begum, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Md. Foqrul Hasan & Samsul Islam (2021). Knowledge and Attitude towards Nutrition among Pregnant women in Rural areas of Dhaka city, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 272-279. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4904558

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About Author (s)

Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan (Corresponding author), Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh. E-mail: aamdrizwan@gmail.com

Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Iffat Ara Begum, Friendship, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Save the Children, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Foqrul Hasan, Medicine San Frontiers (MSF), Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.

Samsul Islam, Dustha Shasthya Kendra (DSK), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4904558

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Relationship between Green Human Resource Management and Individual performance as Non Environmental factor: A study on commercial banks in Bangladesh Md. Mohosin Talukder

Relationship between Green Human Resource Management and Individual performance as Non Environmental factor:  A study on commercial banks in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Mohosin Talukder

Abstract

­

The concept of green HRM was appeared in 1990s and globally accepted in 2000s. Like others organization, commercial banks in Bangladesh have also adopted green HRM. In today’s competitive business situation, organizations want to see bottom line result of their initiatives. Though Green HRM sounds an environmental issue, it may also have association with non environmental factors. The core objective of this paper is to investigate that assumption. Employees of commercial banks operating in Bangladesh were the population of the study. For the purpose of the study, author selected a sample size of 100 employees with the technique of convenient random sampling and collected data through a self-administrative questionnaire. The paper deployed both online and field survey to collect primary data. Responses were measured with Likert 5 point scales ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree. To attain the research objectives, author applied nonparametric test including Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman’s rho and Kendall’s tau_b Correlation and descriptive statistics with SPSS 22. Descriptive statistics evinces that commercial banks are practicing green HRM (mean=3.84, SD=. 35) while result of Mann-Whitney U test indicates (U=459.0, p=.000) that public commercial banks and private commercial banks differ in green HRM implementation. Private commercial banks are implementing more green policy in comparison to public commercial banks. Result of Spearman’s rho and Kendall’s tau_b Correlation confirm that green HRM has positive strong association with individual performance including task performance and productive behavior and the relation is significant. Moreover, the study found weak relation of green HRM with contextual performance but the relation is not statistically significant. Finally, the paper recommended that there is a huge room for improvement in implementing green HRM by public commercial banks and more empirical research with robust statistical analysis is the demand of time to get more insight about green HRM in Bangladesh.

 Keywords: Green HRM, Individual performance, Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman’s rho and Kendall’s tau_b Correlation.

 

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Title: Relationship between Green Human Resource Management and Individual performance as Non Environmental factor:  A study on commercial banks in Bangladesh
Author: Md. Mohosin Talukder
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4904534
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 01/06/2021
Date of Publication: 06/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/785.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 73-88
First Page: 73
Last Page: 88
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Mohosin Talukder (2021). Relationship between Green Human Resource Management and Individual performance as Non Environmental factor:  A study on commercial banks in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 73-88. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4904534

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About Author (s)

Md. Mohosin Talukder, Human Resource Management, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Trishal ,Bangladesh & Ex-Lecturer in Human Resource Management, Department of Business Administration, Bangladesh University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4904534

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Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li

Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing

Author (s)

Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li

Abstract

­

This paper analyses the impact of new market entrants on the pricing patterns of the mobile network operators in the East African Community under complete information. The study verifies whether incumbent mobile network operators within the East African Community engage in limit pricing when faced with threat of entry by analysing the pricing patterns of 21 incumbent mobile network operators for the period 2000-2019 within the Community’s member states. The study examines panel data using geographical distance as a proxy to the threat of entry. The results reveal that the pricing patterns of incumbent mobile network operators are consistent with limit pricing.

 Keywords: Entry, Limit Pricing, Complete information, Incumbent operators, Distance.

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Title: Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing
Author: Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4787934
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 24/05/2021
Date of Publication: 25/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/735.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 161-182
First Page: 161
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hillary Ekisa Nambanga & Jianpei Li (2021). Threat of Entry, Complete Information and Pricing. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 161-182. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4787934

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About Author (s)

Dr. Hillary Ekisa Nambanga (corresponding author), School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Jianpei Li, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4787934

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The Scope of The Management Control Role in Safeguarding the Public Assets: An exploratory study of a sample of Duhok Treasury Directorate employee’s perspectives Omeed Mohammed Ibrahim, Ahmed Nouh Taha & Araz Majeed Albarwari Sheri

The Scope of The Management Control Role in Safeguarding the Public Assets: An exploratory study of a sample of Duhok Treasury Directorate employee’s perspectives

Author (s)

Omeed Mohammed Ibrahim, Ahmed Nouh Taha & Araz Majeed Albarwari Sheri

Abstract

­

The goal of the research is to define the role of internal and external management control in the Duhok Treasury Directorate in protecting public assets(funds) from the perspective of its employees by answering the questionnaire prepared for this purpose to find out the question raised by the research issue, which is:-What is the role of Management Control in protecting Public Assets? The research was conducted on a sample of (63) individuals employed in the Directorate of Treasury in Dohuk, and 42 appropriate for examination questionnaires were collected at a rate of (66.6%). For the purpose of obtaining the required results. Depending on some statistical methods by using the SPSS program, as follows: Some statistical techniques, such as iterations, percentages, standard deviations, and arithmetic averages, have been used to describe sample participants and diagnose study variables. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between research variables, as in a ratio, to show the independent variable’s impact on the dependent variable on the Linear Regression Equation. The study’s main conclusions were as follows: The statistical analysis results revealed a correlation and moral effect between Management Control and the protection of public assets (Total and partial indicator) in the researched organization. The study also contained a series of recommendations: Continue to improve the relationship and collaboration between the Office of Financial and Management Control’s external audit and the internal audit of government ministries’ internal supervision units and the Central Coordination Unit. This is per existing international standards, ensuring the establishment of internal and external controls and procedures development.

 Keywords: Management Control, internal control, external control, protection of Public Assets, Dohuk Treasury Directorate.

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Title: The Scope of The Management Control Role in Safeguarding the Public Assets: An exploratory study of a sample of Duhok Treasury Directorate employee’s perspectives
Author: Omeed Mohammed Ibrahim, Ahmed Nouh Taha & Araz Majeed Albarwari Sheri
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4781955
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 18/05/2021
Date of Publication: 23/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/775.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 253-271
First Page: 253
Last Page: 271
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Omeed Mohammed Ibrahim, Ahmed Nouh Taha & Araz Majeed Albarwari Sheri (2021). The Scope of The Management Control Role in Safeguarding the Public Assets: An exploratory study of a sample of Duhok Treasury Directorate employee’s perspectives. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 253-271. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4781955

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About Author (s)

Omeed Mohammed Ibrahim (corresponding author), Technical college of Administration / Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Email: omed.m.ibrahim@dpu.edu.krd

Ahmed Nouh Taha, Technical college of Administration / Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Araz Majeed Albarwari Sheri, Technical college of Administration / Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4781955

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The influence of Consumers’ Purchase intention on Smart Wearable Device: A study of Consumers in East China Chen Wei

The influence of Consumers’ Purchase intention on Smart Wearable Device: A study of Consumers in East China

Author (s)

Chen Wei

Abstract

­

In order to better analyze the influencing factors of consumers’ purchase intention of smart wearable devices, this paper uses the technology acceptance model as the theoretical basis, and selects the factors that may have a greater impact on the purchase intention of smart wearable devices as the investigation project. By constructing a theoretical analysis model of consumers’ purchase intention of smart wearable devices, interpret the relationship between the key variables of smart wearable devices and the influence of consumers’ purchase intention, verify the credibility of various assumptions, and propose the development path of China’s smart wearable industry based on the research and analysis results. Specifically, the research contents include the following: (1) According to relevant theories and literature analysis, screen out the influencing factors that affect the usefulness and ease of use of smart wearable devices, and under the framework of the technology acceptance model, analyze the explanatory relationship of the influencing factors that affect consumers to purchase smart wearable devices from two aspects: perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness. (2) With the help of investigation and statistical analysis, the correlation between independent variables and dependent variables that affect the purchase intention of smart wearable devices is discussed. (3) Starting from the personal characteristic attributes of consumers such as age, gender, educational background and income level, the differences between the personal characteristic attributes of consumers and the purchase intention of consumers of smart wearable devices are discussed. The path relationship between independent variables and dependent variables shows that the theoretical analysis model of the purchase intention of smart wearable device consumers constructed in this paper can better analyze the internal influence of the factors affecting the purchase intention of smart wearable device consumers, and help smart wearable device manufacturers and intermediate service providers better understand the key factors affecting the purchase intention of smart wearable device consumers, and guide their product development and marketing activities.

 Keywords: Smart wearable device, Technology acceptance model, Perceived ease of use, Perceived usefulness, Purchase intention.

 

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Title: The influence of Consumers’ Purchase intention on Smart Wearable Device: A study of Consumers in East China
Author: Chen Wei
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4765601
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/05/2021
Date of Publication: 16/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/784.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 46-72
First Page: 46
Last Page: 72
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Chen Wei (2021). The influence of Consumers’ Purchase intention on Smart Wearable Device: A study of Consumers in East China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 46-72. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4765601

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/784.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Chen Wei, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4765601

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Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain

Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach

Author (s)

Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain

Abstract

­

The study aims to explore the existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) in Bangladesh. The policy implications for the inverted U-shaped and the N-shaped EKC are different, therefore, it is important to identify the real shape of the EKC for a country for adopting an appropriate policy for mitigating environmental pollution. Although many studies in the context of Bangladesh have explored the inverted U-shaped EKC, none of the study explores the N-shaped EKC. Against this backdrop, the present study has attempted to explore the N-shaped EKC in Bangladesh by using the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) Bounds test approach. The study has found that the actual shape of the EKC in Bangladesh is N-shaped for both the short- and long-run. This implies that although higher economic growth mitigates the environmental pollution, but after a certain level of income, the pollution will rise again with the higher level of income per capita. Therefore, policymakers need to reconsider the existing growth promoting policy and adopt a new policy by considering the possibility of this N-shaped EKC.

 Keywords: Environmental Kuznets Curve, N-shaped EKC, environmental pollution, ARDL bounds test, Bangladesh.

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Title: Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach
Author: Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 08/05/2021
Date of Publication: 13/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/734.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 150-160
First Page: 150
Last Page: 160
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Khaleda Akter, Md. Adnan Al Nahian, & Md. Roni Hossain (2021). Exploring the Existence of the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets Curve in Bangladesh: An Autoregressive Distributed Lag Bounds Test Approach. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 150-160. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867

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About Author (s)

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh. Email: khaleda.nur.econju@pust.ac.bd

 Md. Adnan Al Nahian, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

Md. Roni Hossain, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4756867

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Management of Interpersonal Conflict in Teacher Education Colleges in Amhara State, Ethiopia Shibrie Jorga Tessema, Sun Jin & Melaku Mengistu

Management of Interpersonal Conflict in Teacher Education Colleges in Amhara State, Ethiopia

Author (s)

Shibrie Jorga Tessema, Sun Jin & Melaku Mengistu

Abstract

­

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the sources and management strategies of interpersonal conflict arising between college managers and teachers. It attempted to identify frequently observed conflicts and their sources, conflict management strategies, and whether teachers and managers have differences in their views for the sources and management strategies of conflict. To achieve this purpose survey method was employed and both quantitative via (questioner) and qualitative via (interview) in its approach. The study involved 214 survey participants and a key informant selected through simple random and purposively sampling techniques respectively. Mean and independent-samples t-test were employed to analyze the quantitative data using SPSS 23, in which the qualitative data were embedded. Results revealed that interpersonal conflict was frequently existed in teachers’ education colleges, mostly (m=3.3) resulting from lack of resolving conflict as early as possible. As well as majority of teachers were handle conflict by keeping the self away (m=3.14) it. The findings also imply that college managers employ compromising and integrating as strategies of conflict management. However, in most cases the two groups diverge regarding the sources and management strategies of conflict. Hence, it can be concluded that there is a blame game between teachers and deans in the colleges. This study focused only on teachers colleges therefore, it encountered generalizability problem. Since the problem requires a contextual analysis in its nature, future researchers should apply an exploratory sequential design preceded by in-depth interviews and FGDs. The author believes that this research finding is useful to college deans and teachers to handle interpersonal conflict properly and identify to the major resolution strategies.

 Keywords: :conflict, interpersonal conflict, conflict management, affective conflict, substantive conflict.

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Title: Management of Interpersonal Conflict in Teacher Education Colleges in Amhara State, Ethiopia
Author: Shibrie Jorga Tessema, Sun Jin & Melaku Mengistu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4746145
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 07/05/2021
Date of Publication: 10/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/774.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 233-252
First Page: 233
Last Page: 252
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shibrie Jorga Tessema, Sun Jin & Melaku Mengistu (2021). Management of Interpersonal Conflict in Teacher Education Colleges in Amhara State, Ethiopia . International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 233-252. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4746145

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/774.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shibrie Jorga Tessema (First author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. 

Professor Sun Jin (PHD), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, China.

Professor Melaku Mengistu (PHD), lectures in Bahr Dar university, Ethiopia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4746145

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Managerial Ties and MNCs’ Performance in Ethiopia: The Moderating Effect of Institutional support Ebrahim Muhamed Endris & Zhou Xiaoyan

Managerial Ties and MNCs’ Performance in Ethiopia: The Moderating Effect of Institutional support

Author (s)

Ebrahim Muhamed Endris & Zhou Xiaoyan

Abstract

­

Managerial ties are becoming crucial success drivers for MNCs in developing and emerging economies. The managers of multinational companies establish networking relationships with government officials and other business actors to secure access to resources, information, and infrastructures that enables them to provide a buffer against the high level of business environment uncertainty. In this way, this study develops and tests an interactive perspective that emphasizes the interaction of managerial ties and institutional support (e.g., implementation of policies, industry information, import-export services, and local resources such as land, electricity and human resources) in influencing MNC performance in Ethiopia. The proposed hypothesis was tested using hierarchical regression results, which were then double-checked using a process model, and the results were consistent. Based on a sample of 227 multinational companies in Ethiopia, it is found that both political and business ties have positive and significant influence on firm performance, and political ties have stronger effect on firm performance than business ties. In addition, in both ties, the interaction effect of institutional support on firm performance is negative. As a result, we conclude that both political and business relations promote MNC performance, but that the value of political and business ties is conditional on the strength and weakness of the government’s institutional support.

 Keywords: Social Capital, Managerial Ties, Institutional Support, Political Ties, Business Ties, Firm Performance.

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Title: Managerial Ties and MNCs’ Performance in Ethiopia: The Moderating Effect of Institutional support
Author: Ebrahim Muhamed Endris & Zhou Xiaoyan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4744587
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 08/05/2021
Date of Publication: 09/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/773.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 215-232
First Page: 215
Last Page: 232
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ebrahim M, Endris & Zhou Xiaoyan (2021). Managerial Ties and MNCs’ Performance in Ethiopia: The Moderating Effect of Institutional support. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 215-232. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4744587

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/773.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ebrahim M, Endris (corresponding author), Business School: University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) Beijing, China. Email: ebabduaman2018@yahoo.com

 Zhou Xiaoyan, Professor in Management, School of Business, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4744587

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The study of Logistics service guarantee and Purchase intention in the context of E-commerce Ye Bihua

The study of Logistics service guarantee and Purchase intention in the context of E-commerce

Author (s)

Ye Bihua

Abstract

­

Considering the shopping scenario, logistics service for electric business platform, sellers and consumers the importance of the three parties, through the analysis of our country B2C (logistics capability is good, can provide excellent logistics services to ensure sellers, mainly has the proprietary distribution system) and C2C (relatively poor logistics capability, logistics service guarantees the jagged individual sellers) e-commerce logistics services provided by the electric business platform, according to the theory of external cues reference the concept of logistics service guarantee, this paper studies the logistics service guarantees for consumer response (purchase intention) mechanism. Secondly, this paper categorizes the part of the mainstream in our country electric business platform provides all the logistics services to ensure that, and has carried on the detailed classification, respectively is timeliness logistics service guarantee, the quality of logistics service guarantee and value-added logistics services, including timing for logistics service guarantee according to the delivery time, delivery time and delivery time, carried on the detailed classification, and referring to the practical application of logistics guarantee the timeliness, explores the timeliness logistics services to ensure the main can solve the problem, virtual delivery delay of delivery. Finally, the thesis summarizes the research assumptions of the full text, draws a research model, summarizes the research conclusions, innovation points and shortcomings, and puts forward management suggestions from the perspectives of e-commerce platforms, sellers, logistics enterprises and consumers based on the actual phenomena.

 Keywords: E-commerce logistics, Logistics service guarantee, Purchase intention, Perceived risk, Perceived value, Product involvement.

 

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Title: The study of Logistics service guarantee and Purchase intention in the context of E-commerce
Author: Ye Bihua
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4743729
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 06/05/2021
Date of Publication: 08/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/783.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 29-45
First Page: 29
Last Page: 45
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ye Bihua (2021). The study of Logistics service guarantee and Purchase intention in the context of E-commerce. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 29-45. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4743729

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/783.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ye Bihua, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4743729

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Performance Evaluation of Different SDN Controllers: A Review Shavan Askar & Faris Keti

Performance Evaluation of Different SDN Controllers: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar & Faris Keti

Abstract

­

The unprecedented growth in internet applications’ requirement makes adopting smart network architectures such as Software Defined Networking inevitable. Software-Defined Networking (SDN) is a new network architecture that separates the tight coupling between the control plane and the data plane that exists in traditional networks. The purpose of this separation is to enhance the controllability, security, and management of network resources. A controller is the core element of any SDN network, since SDN use as an alternative of traditional networks, different controllers have been developed, such as Beacon, Floodlight, RYU, OpenDay Light, ONOS, NOX, and POX. Due to the diversity of SDN applications and the use of controllers, the choice of the best-fitted controller has become an application-dependent process, therefore, this study evaluates different SDN controllers in trem of their effect on the SDN QoS performance. A comparison between the POX and RYU, which are widely used controllers, was conducted. Mininet and Miniedit was utilized as an emulation tool to compare the performance of POX and RYU controllers. For emulation purpose, Mininet, iperf3, ping, and the tested controllers POX and RYU were ran on the emulation machine that comes with the following specifications; Intel ® Core™ i5-6200 U CPU @ 2.30 GHz × 2 (2 cores) and 4 GB RAM with Ubuntu 14.04 LTS-64-bit operating system. An evaluation for both scenarios, POX and RYU, was conducted to invetiage the performance in term of QoS parameters, namely  Throughput, Round-Trip Time, and Jitter using TCP, UDP, and ICMP traffic. The obtained results show that RYU controller performed better compared to POX controller, whereas, the RYU controller recorded 1.24% to 5.35% higher average throughput. In addition, RYU controller obtained 0.5 to 1 ms less delay and around 0.02 ms less jitter values than its counterpart POX controller.

 Keywords: software-defined networking, controllers, POX controller, RYU controller, Mininet, QoS.

 

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Title: Performance Evaluation of Different SDN Controllers: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar & Faris Keti
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742771
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 05/04/2021
Date of Publication: 07/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/747.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 67-80
First Page: 67
Last Page: 80
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar & Faris Keti (2021). Performance Evaluation of Different SDN Controllers: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 67-80. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4742771

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/747.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Erbil Polytechnic University, CEO Arcella Telecom, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

Faris Keti, Electrical and Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Duhok,  Duhok, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742771

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Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on cooperative governance Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying

Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on Cooperative Governance

Author (s)

Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying

Abstract

­

If smallholder farmers market their produce individually, they may incur significant losses from their buyers, agricultural inputs suppliers, and general service providers. However, farmers’ cooperatives can solve this problem by bringing institutional change, and they are leading solutions compared to other businesses. However, the existing cooperatives still did not fill members’ satisfaction according to members’ expectation and Ethiopian cooperatives are not exceptional. The prior research identified different evidence for the dissatisfaction of cooperative members. Among the reasons, member perception on agency problems is one of them; even though the researchers identified such issues, the cooperatives did not treated according to their unique nature rather similarly with investor owned firms (IOFs). Therefore the purpose of this study is to reconcile these gaps; hence it explored members’ perception on agency problem and its impact on cooperative members’ satisfaction in Ethiopian agricultural cooperatives. The results confirm that members’ satisfaction on cooperative governance has significant relationship with members’ perception on agency problems in Ethiopia. This study also provides evidence that members’ participation on cooperative governance moderate the relationship between perceived agency problems and cooperative members’ satisfaction on their cooperative governance in Ethiopia. Agency theory was underpin to understand the concepts; this study used the explanatory approach of research and used a cross sectional design for data collection and analysis. For the purpose of this study, the sample cooperative unions and primary cooperatives were chosen purposively however the sample 201 individual members chosen randomly and it consisted of 4 cooperative unions and 67 primary cooperatives found in Ethiopia. Hierarchal multiple regressions used to analyze the quantitative data to confirm or reject the hypothesis.

 Keywords: cooperative, member’ perception, agency problem, members’ satisfaction, members’ participation.

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Title: Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on Cooperative Governance
Author: Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742224
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/05/2021
Date of Publication: 07/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/772.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 186-214
First Page: 186
Last Page: 214
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying (2021). Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on Cooperative Governance. International Journal of Science and Business, 5 (7), 186-214. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742224

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/772.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Woldeyohanes Tena Gizaw (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. 

Professor Niu xiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742224

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The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management M. Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb

The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management

Author (s)

M. Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb

Abstract

­

This study explores the utilization of autoregressive forecasting models in strategic management. Business forecasting denotes one of the recent developments in the business environment. The approach complements strategic management to foster the optimal performance of businesses. Business strategists use forecasting models to develop foresight on the future performance of their respective firms; however, there is limited literature on the effectiveness of these models. For this reason, this exploratory inquiry delved into generating autoregressive models and further examining their predictive effectiveness. The methods entailed the collection of secondary data (Tesla Motors Inc. revenue data) and subjecting it to univariate regression analysis to generate the linear forecasting equation. The findings revealed that autoregressive models are generated from the current and past data and can be used to forecasting future business performance. However, the accuracy of these equations relies on the quality of data and the stability of the industry. Therefore, the results of this inquiry contribute to the existing literature on forecasting models. Policy planners can use the information to improve the accuracy of their prediction models.

 Keywords: Business forecasting, Strategic management, Autoregressive models, Univariate regression analysis, Optimal performance.

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Title: The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management
Author: M. Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4740704
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/05/2021
Date of Publication: 06/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/771.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 170-185
First Page: 170
Last Page: 185
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb (2021). The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 170-185. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4740704

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/771.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Ozguven (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Chong Yan Gao, Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb, Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4740704

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Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin

Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z

Author (s)

Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin

Abstract

­

This study aimed to examine the differences in travel behaviours and attitudes toward factors affecting travel decisions between Generation (Gen) Y and generation Z Thai tourists. Moreover, this study proposes a tourism marketing strategy to promote tourism for both generations. The samples size of this study was 400 Gen Y and generation Z Thai tourists. The online questionnaire was used to collect data through Facebook fan pages. The result yielded that Gen Y and Gen Z Thai tourists shared many similar travel behaviours, such as travel objectives, transportation, the season of traveling, favourite areas, days of travel, frequency, and sources of information. The author recommended that cultural tourism, eco-tourism, and adventure tourism would fit the needs of these cohorts. Influencer marketing should be implemented to encourage sales promotion toward these generations. Moreover, the popular type of social media should be used to fit with the character of each generation.

 Keywords: Generation X, Generation Y, Travel behaviour, Travel decision, Thai tourism.

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Title: Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z
Author: Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4739159
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 03/05/2021
Date of Publication: 05/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/770.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 147-169
First Page: 147
Last Page: 169
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin (2021). Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 147-169. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4739159

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/770.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Oraon Kiatkajornvirat (corresponding author), School of Business, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing P. R. China. Email: oraorn.ko@yahoo.com

Professor Sun Jin (PhD), School of Business, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing P. R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4739159

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A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN A F M Zainul Abadin, Sohag Sarker, Md. Sarwar Hosain, Md. Manik Ahmed & Ahmed Imtiaz

A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN

Author (s)

A F M Zainul Abadin, Sohag Sarker, Md. Sarwar Hosain,   Md. Manik Ahmed & Ahmed Imtiaz

Abstract

­

Due to growth of economy, government policies, available inexpensive smart devices and low cost broadband services in both developed and developing countries the numbers of Internet users are increasing drastically over the last decades. Recently, the Internet of Things (IoT) and Industry 4.0 have become global trends. Through Internet of Things (IoT) everyone will be connected his/her devices at home, at work stations, on road, at field or anywhere else. In a network topology, various protocols are used for forwarding the packets. Routes of information (packets) are established by appropriate routing protocols. A routing table is managed by the router for successful delivery of packets from the exact predefined nodes i.e. source node to destination node.  The amount of information stored by the router about the network depends on the algorithm it follows. Most of the used popular routing algorithms are RIP, OSPF, IGRP and EIGRP. In this report, we have tried to evaluate the performance of RIP, OSPF, IGRP and EIGRP for the parameters: convergence, throughput, queuing delay and end to end delay utilization through simulation which has been performed using OPNET. We have tried to find out the best protocol suits for the designed Enterprise Local Area Network (ELAN) as well as pros and cons of each protocol.

 Keywords: Enterprise LAN, Internet of Things (IoT), Network Protocols, OPNET, Routing Protocols.

 

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Title: A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN
Author: A F M Zainul Abadin, Sohag Sarker, Md. Sarwar Hosain,   Md. Manik Ahmed & Ahmed Imtiaz
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4736649
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 29/04/2021
Date of Publication: 04/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/782.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 20-28
First Page: 20
Last Page: 28
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Abadin, A. F. M. Z., Sarker, S., Hosain, M. S.,   Ahmed, M. M., & Imtiaz, A. (2021). A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 20-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4736649

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/782.pdf

 

About Author (s)

A F M Zainul Abadin, Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangaldesh.

Sohag Sarker (Corresponding author), Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh. Email: sohagsarker5614@gmail.com

Md. Sarwar Hosain, Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh.

Md. Manik Ahmed, Assistant Programmer, Office of the examination controller, Rabindra University  Bangladesh, Shahjadpur, Sirajgang, Bangladesh.

Ahmed Imtiaz, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Rangamati Science and Technology University, Rangamati, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4736649

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Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam

Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam

Abstract

­

Bangladesh is a developing country with abundant human resources, with women accounting for just over half of the population. They offer an important opportunity for economic and social growth. Women’s presence in some kind of economic activity is a supplement to their family’s income; it does not relieve them of their responsibilities at home. Women’s civil rights are now characterized by economic empowerment, with entrepreneurship serving as the ultimate form of empowerment. The ultimate goal of this research was to identify several specific characteristics of women entrepreneurs, as well as the degree to which women entrepreneurs are empowered, and to investigate the relationship between each of these selected characteristics and their empowerment. The research area was Dhaka city, and data was gathered using an interview schedule from 104 women entrepreneurs who were divided into three groups: boutique and handicrafts, foods and catering, and beauty parlors in Dhaka city. Data was compiled from July 25th to August 24th, 2019. In order to quantify the variables, scales were developed. Lower middle empowerment was held by less than half of the women (49.1%), upper middle empowerment by 47.1 percent, and medium empowerment by 3.8 percent. The relationship between each of the women’s chosen characteristics and their empowerment was determined using Pearson Product Moment correlation. Annual family income, organizational engagement, training experience, awareness of family management, family co-operation, and participation in the household decision-making phase of the women all demonstrated a strong significant relationship with their empowerment among the selected characteristics. Age, education, family size, and cosmopoliteness of the women, on the other hand, had little bearing on their empowerment.

 Keywords: Empowerment, Women, Entrepreneurship Development, Dhaka City.

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Title: Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh
Author: Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727862
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 25/04/2021
Date of Publication: 29/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/769.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 136-146
First Page: 136
Last Page: 146
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam (2021). Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 136-146. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727862

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/769.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sonia Nusrin, Department of Development and Poverty Studies, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Sekender Ali, Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Shamim Ahmed, Department of Philosophy, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Saiful Islam (corresponding author), Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: mdsaiful.sumon52@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727862

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Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag

Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag

Abstract

­

The current study is analyzing various factors that determine the profitability of a bank. More importantly, this article has tried to evaluate the relationship between bank-specific and macroeconomic variables with banks profitability. To quantify the profitability of the banking industry of Bangladesh, Return on Equity (ROE) and Return on Assets (ROA) are used as dominated variables. Independent variables are IRS, CAR, NIITA, CR, LTD, DG, SIZE, GDP, INF and NETWORK. Relevant data comes from 30 Bangladeshi commercial banks. Panel data regression result describes Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Total Assets (SIZE) and Inflation (INF) has a positive association with bank profitability in Bangladesh. Credit Risk (CR) has the highest influences on the dependent variables and Non-interest Income to Total Assets (NIITA) has the lowest. The study provides guidelines to the goal setters of financial institutions. It provides a direction for the governing body to formulate and improve relevant policies and the outcomes suggest that banks should manage credit risk and utilize deposits in more productive segments of the economy of the country to ensure sustainable benefits.

 Keywords: Interest rate spread, Bank, Profitability, Bangladesh, Panel data.

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Title: Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh
Author: Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4723630
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 26/04/2021
Date of Publication: 27/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/768.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 127-135
First Page: 127
Last Page: 135
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag (2021). Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 127-135. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4723630

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/768.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jesmin Ara(corresponding author), Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Email: jesmin.fib@hstu.ac.bd

Mahbuba Aktar, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Ayrin Sultana, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Rony Kumar Datta, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Ashrafuzzaman Sohag, BBA (Major in Finance), Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4723630

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Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam

Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others

Author (s)

Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam

Abstract

Visual problem in school children is a globally important public health issue. An emerging important cause of visual impairment is uncorrected refractive errors, which if not detected and corrected in time, can harm a child’s physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development. A school-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December, 2019 to see the pattern and prevalence of visual problems in a representative sample of children attending classes 1 to 5 of selected primary schools under the School Health Program (SHP) and non-SHP schools of Dhaka and Chittagong. 277 school children, aged 5-13 years, and their guardians were interviewed for approximately 30-40 minutes each with a pretested semi-structured   questionnaire   and   checklist.   Visual   problems   were   categorized   as diminished visual acuity and presence of other ocular morbidities. It was found that diminished vision was more common in non-SHP students. Chi Square was done to see the association between the variables, and they were found to be not significant (p > 0.05). The proportion of diminished vision was found higher among respondents with age group below 10 years (Χ2 = 0.16, p = 0.901), more propensity towards males (Χ2 = 0.751, p = 0.386), Islam religion (Χ2 = 0.966, p = 0.326), nuclear family (Χ2 = 0.495, p = 0.482), most of which was not significant. This study revealed that ocular morbidity was weakly associated with malnourished non-SHP students (Χ2 = 4.556, p =0.033). Lack of understanding and awareness of the consequences and the severity of the ocular morbidities seemed to be the main reason behind the delay in seeking treatment. The study findings may be utilized for further planning and evaluation of the existing school health services, for further improvement and implementation of SHP in all schools, and for conducting an appropriate intervention programs to reduce this preventable problem.

Key words: refractive error, school health program, visual acuity, ocular morbidity, semi structured questionnaire.

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Title: Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others
Author:

Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4718485
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 20/04/2021
Date of Publication: 25/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1016.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 26-50
First Page: 26
Last Page: 50
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Shahariar Islam (2021). Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others. Journal of Scientific Reports, 3(1), 26-50. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4718485

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1016.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam, Rajshahi Medical College and Hospital, Bangladesh. Email: dr_s_islam@yahoo.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4718485

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Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies Maigana Alhaji Bakawu

Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies

Author (s)

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu

Abstract

­

This paper presents a fuzzy time series methodology for forecasting demographic trends that could serve as a scientific approach toward a feasible and sustainable socio-economic development policies. In the experimental section, empirical analysis of population variation of Yobe State, Nigeria spanning over periods of 1996 – 2020 was carried out. The result revealed that FTS model can be used as an appropriate forecasting tool to predict population variations. It is expected that the findings of this research will benefit the present government’s drive on education among other socio-economic conditions of Yobe State as the government declared a state of emergency in the basic and secondary education in the state on the occasion of its inauguration and swearing-in ceremony on 29th May, 2019.

 Keywords: Development Policies, Forecasting, Fuzzy Time Series, Model, Population Variation.

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Title: Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies
Author: Maigana Alhaji Bakawu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4717839
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 21/04/2021
Date of Publication: 25/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/767.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-126
First Page: 118
Last Page: 126
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu (2021). Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 118-126. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4717839

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/767.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu, Department of Statistics, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic Geidam, Nigeria. Email: maiganabk@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4717839

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The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises Zhu Huafeng

The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises

Author (s)

Zhu Huafeng

Abstract

­

In today’s increasingly fierce competition, the continuous creativity of employees is the main way to solve the uncertainty of enterprises. How to improve the creativity of employees is the survival way of sustainable development of enterprises. Many organizations and business managers have realized the importance of empowering leadership to promote employee creativity, but there are few empirical studies on the impact of empowering leadership on employee creativity. Therefore, based on the theory of behavior exchange and organizational competence, This paper studies the influence of leadership empowerment on employee creativity, constructs the influence model of leadership empowerment on employee creativity, and deeply explores the mechanism of leadership empowerment on employee creativity, so as to provide important support for theoretical support and management practice. In this study, 489 valid questionnaires were obtained by means of questionnaire. Descriptive analysis, reliability and validity analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, were used. The results show that: Leadership empowerment has a significant positive impact on organizational commitment; leadership empowerment has a significant positive impact on knowledge sharing among employees; organizational commitment has a significant positive impact on employee creativity; knowledge sharing among employees has a significant positive impact on employee creativity. This study reveals the influence of organizational commitment and empowerment on employee creativity through the specific context of knowledge sharing. It enriches and improves the relevant research and theory in the fields of leadership empowerment, organizational commitment, knowledge sharing, responsible personality and employee creativity. Finally, the paper gives some specific measures and suggestions on how to improve employee creativity, which provides theoretical support for academics and practitioners.

 Keywords: leadership empowerment, organizational commitment, knowledge sharing, conscientious personality characteristics, employee creativity.

 

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Title: The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises
Author: Zhu Huafeng
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4712917
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 21/04/2021
Date of Publication: 23/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/781.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-19
First Page: 1
Last Page: 19
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Zhu Huafeng (2021). The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 1-19. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4712917

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/781.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Zhu Huafeng, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4712917

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Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin

Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing

Author (s)

Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin

Abstract

­

This study introduces, describes, and illustrates a practical application of a virtual training tool for electrical engineering education. Users can interact with and manipulate 3D models of authentic devices using this tool. Users can compare structural differences between devices, assemble and disassemble machines, and test them under extreme conditions, which is not possible when working with a real device. The three-dimensional devices are fully functional, allowing users to interact with them on all levels, including impact analysis of supply conditions.

 Keywords: Virtual Reality, Training Tool, Electrical Machines, Oculus Go.

 

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Title: Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing
Author: Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4709807
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 21/04/2021
Date of Publication: 22/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/746.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 59-66
First Page: 59
Last Page: 66
Paper Type: Project review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin (2021). Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 59-66. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4709807

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/746.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Salim Mahdi (corresponding author), Computer Engineering Department, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey. Email: salimmahdi8082@gmail.com

Erhan Akin, Computer Engineering Department, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4709807

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Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN

Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor

Author (s)

Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN

Abstract

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This paper depicts an overview and special technique for the recognition, detection, and measuring of the quality of magnetic on materials. It is based on the Hall Effect principle of and signal converter. The board is small but it gives good results in addition to ease of use, less cost, and low power. The magnetic field emitted from the material to be checked is converted to a visual spectrum. This means that magnetic fields can now be seen in real-time, the magnetic sensors used on the tile are some of the most highly sensitive. Visualizing things that are very difficult to normally seen. Because there is so much around that just cannot easily perceive, and how much more important bits of science we would be able to get done if only could easily see them as naturally as seeing things like color. Magnetic field detection in an object into a two-dimensional image will make that important and very useful especially with low cost, power, and easy to use, unlike some costly sensors.

 Keywords: sensor, dipole, flux, quality, magnetic field, magnetic imaging.

 

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Title: Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor
Author: Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705324
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 17/04/2021
Date of Publication: 20/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/745.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 45-58
First Page: 45
Last Page: 58
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN (2021). Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 45-58. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705324

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/745.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ahmed Saeed Mohammed (Corresponding author), Computer Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey. Email: ahmed.saeed@uoz.edu.krd

Professor Erhan AKIN, Computer Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705324