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Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam

Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam

Abstract

The main purpose of the study was to identify factors that affect service taker’s satisfaction with various banks in the northern region of Bangladesh. Both primary and secondary sources were explored for data collection. Necessary data were collected from 200 respondents. A structured questionnaire with 5 point Likert scale had been used to collect data. Data had been analyzed by using SPSS software. Different statistical tools were used which were compatible with our research such as reliability analysis, Frequency Distribution, Cross-tabulation, Multiple Regression Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, and Factor Analysis. The findings of the study revealed the most important factors that affect the service taker’s satisfaction. The study suggested that there was a strong effect of independent variables on the dependent variable. Unstandardized coefficients indicated how much the dependent variable (Service taker’s satisfaction) varies with the independent variable (15 factors) when all other independent variables are held constant. Thus alternative hypothesis was accepted and the null hypothesis was rejected. The study was based on the relatively small sample size (200) from the northern region of Bangladesh, which may not reflect the whole scenario of Bangladesh. The results of the study will be helpful to the bank authority and other stakeholders to determine customer demand and also help to formulate better policies to satisfy existing customers and attract the new customer.

 

Keywords: Service Taker’s Satisfaction, Service Quality, financial institution, banks,  Bangladesh.

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Title: Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh
Author: Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3940109
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 10/07/2020
Date of Publication: 11/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/576.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-12
First Page: 1
Last Page: 12
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam (2020). Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3940109

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/576.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hiren Chandra Mahonta, MBA in Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Tarannum Islam (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3940109

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Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam & Md. Sojib Ahmed

Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam  & Md. Sojib Ahmed

Abstract

This paper has been conducted to examine the connection between working capital management measured and profitability performance is measured. The study is conducted based on secondary data from annual reports of respective textile firms listed in DSE and DSE monthly reviews. From 2000 to 2018. The objective of the study is to find out the working capital devoted to the firms registered in the Dhaka stock exchange and find the connection of their performance and working capital capitalized in registered textile firms in DSE. To address this panel data, besides ratio and quartile study, Hausman test, variance inflation test, and fixed effect regression was done for testing all the hypotheses and the study result shows the inverse association with age and payment deferred period but a positive association with fixed asset turnover, cash conversion cycle, days sales outstanding, inventory conversion period, sponsor shareholdings and total assets. It also suggests to produce an effective policy must be produced for each company for each component of working capital. Besides, well-organized management and financing of working capital can upsurge the operating profit of a textile firm. Shorter cash conversion cycle, days sales outstanding, and the inventory conversion period can increase firms’ profit. These are some practical examples of working capital management.

 

Keywords: Working Capital Management, Firm Performance, Firm profitability, Textile Industry, Bangladesh.

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Title: Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh
Author: Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam  & Md. Sojib Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935735
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/07/2020
Date of Publication: 08/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/573.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-127
First Page: 118
Last Page: 127
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor & Abu Kalam (2020). Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 118-127. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3935735

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/573.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Matin Khan (corresponding author) MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abu Kalam, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Sojib Ahmed, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935735

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Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis

Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Abstract

Many African countries are still being faced with basic welfare issues such as hunger and extreme poverty, sparking debates among researchers and policy makers on whether the continent can endogenously leverage its agricultural potentials to address these challenges. To contribute to these debates, this study employs a panel data spanning 26 year (1990-2015) and including 13 ECOWAS countries to analyze the impact of production factors on agricultural productivity and examine the question of whether and how agriculture can serve as a tool for growth and poverty alleviation in the region. By linearizing the Cobb-Douglas production function and using fixed effects (FE) with country dummies, we find positive and significant relationship between lands cultivated, physical and financial capitals, as opposed to labor employed on agricultural productivity. Next, by using 2SLS/IV and GMM/IV methods, we show that agricultural productivity can be a pro-growth and counter-poverty tool. Furthermore we find that non-agricultural productivity interacts significantly with agricultural productivity and that agricultural productivity gap (APG) decreases both growth and poverty index. Following these results, we chart the transmission mechanisms for policy makers that will allow them to understand the linkages and pathways through which agricultural productivity affects the entire economy.

Key words: Agricultural productivity, agricultural productivity gap (APG), production factors, economic growth, poverty reduction, ECOWAS, SSA, Africa.

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Title: Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis
Author:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 07/07/2020
Date of Publication: 08/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 97-125
First Page: 97
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (2020). Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Scientific Reports, 2(1), 97-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, PhD, Industrial Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Jiong Gong, Professor of Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (Corresponding Author), PhD, International Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367

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The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon

Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

Abstract

Tax noncompliance is one of the biggest challenges faced by tax administrators when collecting tax revenues. Despite a series of punitive and coercive measures put in place by most governments including Cameroon, the phenomenon persists with billions of dollars lost every fiscal year. It is on this premise that this study examines the impact of tax education, tax policies and tax audit on the level of tax compliance in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon. The research adopted a conclusive case study design supported by the philosophical underpinnings of positivism epistemology and objectivism ontology. Multistage sampling technique was used to source data from a sample of 307 participants using semi-structured questionnaires measured using the five-point Likert scales. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to reduce the dimension of the data. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to test hypotheses. Results from the study revealed that there is significant statistical evidence to suggest that the existing tax policies in Fako Division has positive impact on the level of tax compliance with [µ = 0.00 < 0.05; β = 51%; α = 0.05]. Also, the study revealed that tax education has a negative statistical significant effect on tax compliance with [µ = 0.00 < 0.05; β = -18.5%; α = 0.05]. This implies that the more taxpayers are knowledgeable about the tax system, the more they are likely to fraud and default tax payments. It should be noted that the latent construct tax audit was rejected in the data cleaning process. This research, therefore, recommends that the government should improve on the tax policies and make it friendly and acceptable to a majority of taxpayers and that tax administrators should enforce civic education on the importance to respect tax laws by justifying the significance of taxes revenue as a source of funding for community development.

 

Keywords: Noncompliance, Tax policies, Tax audits, Tax education, Tax administration.

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Title: The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon
Author: Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 28/06/2020
Date of Publication: 03/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/570.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 76-90
First Page: 76
Last Page: 90
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui, & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah (2020). The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the South West Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 76-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/570.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Ph.D., (Corresponding Author), Department of Business Management and Finance, ICT University; Director of Studies, Cardiff Metropolitan University Wales UK.

 Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ph.D., Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, The University of Bamenda, Bamenda-Cameroon.

 Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui, Department of Finance and Accounting, HIMS Buea Cameroon.

 Sheku Ahmed Fofanah, Ph.D., Deputy Director and Research Programs Leader; London School of Commerce, UK.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286

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The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq Shorsh Khalid Rahman

The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq

Author (s)

Shorsh Khalid Rahman

Abstract

This study aims to explore that undergraduate students in Northern Iraq have the ability to see the idea of self-marketing to find the job and they can be familiar with their branding. Semi-structured interviews collected the data and analyzed it using content analysis. The sampling strategy employed in this study is the maximum sampling of variations. The outcomes of this thesis reveal that the effectiveness and efficiency of self-marketing are the foremost way to undergraduate students (universities and institutes) in Northern Iraq to thrive the compete of finding a job. The undergraduate students need to understand from the self-marketing, particularly concentrate on the important parts such as (CV, interview, social media, skills, experience, and certifications) to a career fair. They should have the ability to focus on different ways to engage in a job. Through this method, the undergraduate students will be able to make important progress in finding a reasonable job.

 

Keywords: Self-marketing, Job seekers, Curriculum vitae (CV), Interview, Social media, Undergraduate students, Finding a job, Unemployment.

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Title: The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq
Author: Shorsh Khalid Rahman
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 02/07/2020
Date of Publication: 03/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/572.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 100-117
First Page: 100
Last Page: 117
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shorsh Khalid Rahman (2020). The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 100-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/572.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shorsh Khalid Rahman, Cyprus International University, Private university in Nicosia, Cyprus.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270

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Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

The behavior of consumers regarding smartphones is more and more a center of marketing research. Especially, consumer behavior in the case of the smartphone industry, from selection motivation to after use behavior has become a center of research in marketing. The outcomes of this study confirm that the regulatory focus has an impact on consumer behavior regarding smartphone procure decisions by controlling their perception, rationale, and lifestyle. For consumers’ smartphones have become crucial parts of life. This study is to analyze factors that affect a consumer’s decision in buying a smartphone. The study also emphasizes consumer points of view for smartphones and the impact brand name has on consumers. The current growth of smartphone usage is a noticeable fact that goes across all gender and age divides. Hence, this study exhibits a quantitative analysis of some of the key factors that affect consumer’s viewpoints and behaviors regarding smartphone purchases.

 

Keywords: Mobile phones, smartphones, consumer behavior, Bangladesh, smartphone industry.

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Title: Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh
Author: Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3921991
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 28/06/2020
Date of Publication: 29/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/571.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 91-99
First Page: 91
Last Page: 99
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 91-99. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3921991

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/571.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Syeeda Raisa Maliha (Corresponding Author), East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Tafsir Alam, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3921991

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An example of developing a knowledge-based system A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

An example of developing a knowledge-based system

Author (s)

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

A possible way to gain an understanding of how a knowledge system works is to imagine an expert-client situation. We are all experts in our fields, but in daily life, we need assistance from an expert in an area that we do not know. This paper describes a knowledge-based system on Computer hardware diagnosis. Intermediate computer users can diagnose their hardware using the knowledge base in the system when facing some hardware problems with desktop computers. The main purpose of this paper is to include a real-time example of how a knowledge system can be built.

Keywords: Knowledge-based system, KBS, Forward chaining, Forward reasoning, Rules, Knowledge base.

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Title: An example of developing a knowledge-based system
Author:

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908998
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 24/06/2020
Date of Publication: 26/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/568.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 52-56
First Page: 52
Last Page: 56
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). An example of developing a knowledge-based system. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 52-56. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908998

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/568.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam, Independent University, Bangladesh.

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (Corresponding Author), Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908998

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Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam

Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI

Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam

Abstract

Data mining (DM) is the process of discovering or “mining” new knowledge from large databases and applying it to decision making. In recent times, companies have been using a wide range of data mining techniques to better understand their customers and their performance and solve complex business problems. Data mining is a way to develop Business Intelligence (BI) from data that an organization collects, organizes, and stores. The purpose of this paper is to review Data Mining as an enabling technology for Business Intelligence. Documents analysis was used as the data collection method and a qualitative approach was used for data analysis in the study.

Keywords: Data, Information, Knowledge, Data Mining, Business Intelligence, Decision Support.

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Title: Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI
Author:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908987
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 24/06/2020
Date of Publication: 26/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/567.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 46-51
First Page: 46
Last Page: 51
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam (2020). Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 46-51. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908987

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/567.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (Corresponding Author), Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam, Independent University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908987

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The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018 PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL

The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018

Author (s)

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL

Abstract

This paper study the location determinants of FDI inflow in Sudan, the study applied multivariate time series, Vector auto-regression using time-series data of 1980-2018. Variable include; market size, infrastructure, inflation rate, Debt, Dummy of investment incentive, and Terms of Trade openness. The empirical results revealed that there is a short-run causality relationship running from independents variable to FDI as specified in the study. Also, GDP, External debt, investment incentive, and inflation are important location determinants of FDI inflows to Sudan. The Granger Causality shows Uni-directional causality running from GDP, Inflation, TOP, inflation, and Dummy investment incentives to FDI. These results were consistent with the short-run vector autoregression results. Therefore for a country to be declared as attractive by MNC, it means that the above factors have to be significant, since the variable for infrastructure and terms of trade openness are insignificant, investors would choose to neglect Sudan.  The outcome shows that GDP is a very important variable in determining the location choice of FDI. This suggests that authorities need to take into account factors that hamper the growth of the economy given its importance in attracting FDI inflows. Finally, Sudan should implements policies to encourage a fast-growing economy by improving its debt service payment, infrastructure, and its terms of trade openness and international cooperation.

Keywords: Location determinants of FDI, Unit root, Cointegration, VAR Model, and Granger Causality.

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Title: The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018
Author:

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903279
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 21/06/2020
Date of Publication: 22/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/566.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 26-45
First Page: 26
Last Page: 45
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL (2020). The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 26-45. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903279

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/566.pdf

 

About Author (s)

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, UIBE, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903279

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The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan

The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises

Author (s)

Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan

Abstract

Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) hold business potentials that gain  a serious attention from the government. Some factors that affect the efficiency of SMEs include: internal and external factors. The success of SMEs depends on its abilities in managing its internal and external factors through environment factor analysis and the creation and execution of work strategy. Using PLS-SEM analysis, sample used for the study was 80 Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) owners or managers in Surabaya, Indonesia. The findings of this study state that Managerial Capabilities has the most significant impact. Meanwhile, Environmental Dynamism does not have any impact towards Firm Performance, because SMEs are independent in managing the company, in terms of its capitalization, product or service development, and flexibility resulting from its low operating cost of workers, and place of business.

Keywords: Firm Performance, Dynamic Capabilities, Environmental Dynamism,   Managerial Capabilities, Small Medium Enterprises.

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Title: The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises
Author:

Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903246
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 21/06/2020
Date of Publication: 22/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/565.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-25
First Page: 1
Last Page: 25
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan (2020). The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 1-25. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903246

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/565.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Adrian Permana, Doctorate Candidate, Graduate School, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya, Indonesia.

Arsono Laksmana, Professor in Graduate School, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya, Indonesia.

Lena Ellitan, (Corresponding Author),  Management Study Program,  Faculty of Business Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903246

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The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader

The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader

Abstract

In Bangladesh, the number of women on board is very low. The purpose of this study is to analyze and examine whether female director representation has any impact on firm performance and firm’s financial reporting practices where reporting practices involve reporting IFRS-4 requirements practices for insurance contract. A simple linear regression model is conducted to examine the two research questions of this study. This study analyzes secondary data from annual reports of all the listed insurance companies in Bangladesh during the period 2017 from Dhaka Stock Exchange. There are two research questions: (1) whether female directors have any impact on firm performance, (2) whether female directors have any impact on firm’s reporting practices.  For the first research question the regression result indicates that there is little evidence that female directors have a positive relation on firm performance as the estimation lack significance. And for the second research question the regression result shows that there is negative relation between female director representation and firm’s reporting practices but again the estimation lacks significance. For lack of proper recruitment process for female directors and deficiency of awareness about disclosure reporting, this research fails to exhibit significant results.

Keywords: Female director representation, firm performance, firm reporting practices, IFRS-4, Insurance Companies.

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Title: The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh
Author:

Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902643
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 19/06/2020
Date of Publication: 21/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/561.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 140-149
First Page: 140
Last Page: 149
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader (2020). The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 140-149. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3902643

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/561.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shohana Islam Sumona (Corresponding Author), post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Shahima Jabin, post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

MD Shuvo Howlader, post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902643

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Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay

Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms

Author (s)

Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay

Abstract

Newly reformed global economy has the widespread of using foreign exchange derivatives as a risk management tool. Recent trends lead Chinese firms into high financial risk, thus inevitable choice for Chinese companies are using derivative for mitigate risks arising from fluctuations. Purpose of this research is to investigate foreign exchange derivatives effect on value for Chinese companies, 36 non-financial company’s data are used as sample and time frame will be 2013-2017. After controlling for several fundamental firm specifications, this study has shown that there is a positive and significant relationship with a simple decision for using foreign currency derivatives and firm value. Furthermore, result shows using foreign exchange derivatives significantly add value of the firms as higher Tobin’s Q ratio. This finding indicates that especially companies with high firm value can further expand their values through actively participating in hedging activities. Results also indicate that foreign exchange derivatives are more likely to raise large corporation’s value. Another finding is that effect of value-enhancing on degree of derivative use of foreign exchange is weaker for profitable firms than for less profitable ones. This means that increasing derivative holdings by more profitable non-financial firms are unlikely to contribute to their performance.

Key words: Chinese Non-financial firms, foreign exchange derivatives,  risk management, firm value.

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Title: Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms
Author:

Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902144
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 17/06/2020
Date of Publication: 20/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1012.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 78-96
First Page: 78
Last Page: 96
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay (2020). Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms. Journal of Scientific Reports, 2(1), 78-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902144

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1012.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md Kamal Hossain (Corresponding Author), Masters of Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), China.

Mammadova Gulay, Masters of Finance, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902144

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A Comparative Study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser

A Comparative Study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser

Abstract

With the rapid improvements of technology worldwide, systems are getting modernized and digitalized. Traditional and time-consuming systems are replaced by efficient computerized, time-saving ones. Human Computer Interaction (HCI) based approaches are paving the way for many of these efficient models and systems, making users’ life easier day by day. One of the most ancient and impactful economic systems is Banking. We also cite out some security issues regarding the transactions using mobile banking. We confine our scope within some specific parts of Bangladesh (Pabna and Chuadanga) and analyze the issues from users, bank managers and agents of this field during doing the work. We also cite out the best service offered to both users and agents by different mobile banking agencies, based on some Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques and also a comparison is also shown among different techniques. Moreover, an android application is also developed to show the summarization of the total work.

Keywords: Agent, Dealings, H.C.I, Mobile Banking, Security.

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Title: A Comparative Study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh
Author:

Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902124
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 19/06/2020
Date of Publication: 20/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/560.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 129-139
First Page: 129
Last Page: 139
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser (2020). A Comparative study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 129-139. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3902124

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/560.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Toukir Ahmed (Corresponding Author), Lecturer,  Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pabna University of Science & Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh.

Md. Niaz Imtiaz, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pabna University of Science & Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh

Abdulla All Kauser, Student, Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pabna University of Science & Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902124

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The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance: The Case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) of the Centre Region of Cameroon Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance:  The Case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) of the Centre Region of Cameroon

Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

Abstract

Human capital is the most valuable asset of any organisation; thus, the active role they play cannot be undervalued. Equipping these valued assets through training and development becomes crucial to guarantee job performance and competitiveness. Though extensive research has been conducted in this area, much is still left to be done especially in the case of Cameroon’s banking industry. To this effect, this study is aimed at modelling a framework based on the impact of training and development on employee performance in the case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) in Cameroon. Three specific objectives were established including: Orientation and onboarding training, soft and technical skills training, and product and service knowledge training on employee performance. A case study design was adopted and supported by the philosophical underpins of positivism epistemology and objectivism ontology. Relevant data was sourced through questionnaire survey distributed to a target population of one hundred (100) employees of the NFC Bank in the centre region of Cameroon. Data was analysed using the Structured Equation Model (SEM) with all specifications observed. The study revealed that there is insignificant statistical evidence to suggest that orientation and onboarding training affects employees’ performance. It was also noted that soft and technical skills training and product and service training all have significant positive statistical impacts on employees’ performance. This study concludes that companies with management policies on soft and technical skills development and product and service knowledge training have higher chances to improve performance.

Keywords: Training, Soft and Technical Skills, Onboarding, Performance, Human Capital.

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Title: The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance:  The Case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) of the Centre Region of Cameroon
Author:

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3897174
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 14/06/2020
Date of Publication: 16/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/557.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 88-106
First Page: 88
Last Page: 106
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah  (2020). The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance:  The case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) Centre Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 88-106. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3897174

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/557.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Ph.D., (Corresponding author) Lecturer at the ICT University USA            (Cameroon Campus). Director of studies, Cardiff Metropolitan University, UK

 Tanwani Solomon Ofon, ICT University USA (Cameroon Campus). Head, Human Capital, NFCB

Sheku Ahmed Fofanah, Ph.D., Deputy Director and Research Programs Leader; London School of     Commerce, UK

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3897174

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Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh S. M. Faisal Arafat

Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh

Author (s)

S. M. Faisal Arafat

Abstract

Good leadership is necessary for good governance and good governance complements development. One of the key conditions of development for a country is creating skilled and good citizens. The process of creating skilled and good citizens is a continuous one and is related to education policies and visions structured and implemented by different nations. In the educational institutions, textbooks often work as one of the most important tools and containers of national policies. This study is the analysis of English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh from the perspective of leadership and building leadership skills among students. In this process of analysis, the study shows how the students are being viewed and considered as future leaders of a country. At the same time it also shows how different global and national education policies and documents focus and contribute to leadership development among students. Considering the textbook as the major document, this study discovers the leadership contents, categorizes different leadership types as reflected in the textbook and presents a perceptive discussion over the types with a parallel presentation from the textbook contents. As an analysis of an English textbook, the study also shows how Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) assists the practice of leadership building among students.

Keywords: leadership, students, leadership types, educational policies, English textbook, textbook contents, English language teaching.

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Title: Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh
Author:

S. M. Faisal Arafat

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896804
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 12/06/2020
Date of Publication: 16/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/535.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 105-119
First Page: 105
Last Page: 119
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

S. M. Faisal Arafat (2020). Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 105-119. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896804

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/535.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

S. M. Faisal Arafat, Lecturer (English), BCS (General Education), Ministry of Education, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896804

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Potentials of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne

  Potentials of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne

Abstract

Years after years, Community Based Tourism (CBT) has been used as a response to the negative impacts of the international mass tourism development that is traced back in 1970’s. It ascertains the participation of small rural communities and conservation of nature and local culture. Despite growing studies on the role of Community Based Tourism, a few researches has been conducted on developing community-based tourism in Maheshkhali, an upazila of Cox’s Bazar District in the division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. This paper reviews how CBT development in Maheshkhali can assure economic development of local people, preserve tradition and culture of Rakhains and maintain environmental balance. This study is a descriptive research drawing on empirical data and literatures from different sources. To review the existing literature, desk based research method has been followed. Again, secondary data has been analyzed theoretically. Further, informal interview method was followed to discuss with locals, tourists, and experts of tourism industry. This study finds out that there is a huge scope of developing CBT in Maheshkhali and it is feasible if active participation is ensured of all stakeholders. With the limitations of reliable data and unavailability, this paper tries to fulfill an identified need to study how CBT development can preserve culture and tradition of a community, generate revenue and protect environment in any other island, hills or area of Bangladesh.  This research can help relevant stakeholders to better understand the necessity of developing CBT in Maheshkhali to ensure sustainability.

Keywords: Community Based Tourism (CBT), Economic Development, Cultural Aspect, Environment Preservation.

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Title: Potentials of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh
Author:

Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896777
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 11/06/2020
Date of Publication: 16/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/534.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 98-104
First Page: 98
Last Page: 104
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne (2020). Potential of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 98-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896777

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/534.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jameni Jabed Suchana, Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Manzuma Sharmin Munne, (Corresponding Author) Lecturer, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896777

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The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study

Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

Business Intelligence (BI) is a specific type of Information Systems (IS). Research on BI uses in academia has been somewhat limited so far. Most decisions in a university are made based on large amounts of data from internal and external sources. So, a BI tool is necessary there in operational and strategic decision making, and also to compete well in the global environment. A case study has been done on the large BI tool at Uppsala University (UU), Sweden. The tool has been used for more than fifteen years with around five hundred regular users currently. The system is called GLIS (in Swedish: Generellt Lednings Informations System) for Generalized Management Information System. This study investigates how the adoption of this BI system may influence the decision-making process at Uppsala University, and thus it becomes the main purpose of this study. An inductive approach using a qualitative method was used in this study. The data collection was carried out by interviewing seven experts at Uppsala University and from some documents provided by them. Techniques from the grounded theory approach were applied for analyzing data. Data analysis shows the positive effects of GLIS at Uppsala University with big improvements in decision making. The study draws the conclusion that the BI tool does affect the decision-making process in UU as decision making activities take less time, provide better quality decisions, and are much easier using the tool.

Keywords: Business Intelligence, Decision making process, Information Systems, GLIS, Uppsala University.

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Title: The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study
Author:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884319
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 07/06/2020
Date of Publication: 08/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/556.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 78-87
First Page: 78
Last Page: 87
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 78-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884319

 

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/556.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884319

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Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

  Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance

Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

Software Quality is a vital element in Software development, therefore Software Engineering researchers and practitioners strive to show the importance of it. It is obvious to find the best tools to ensure Software Quality. One of the tools that prove the Software Quality is Unit Testing; which has shown its power to assess the Quality of Software. Good Unit tests must have to follow some certain attributes. A well- known working plan is ‘A-TRIP’ through which all the inevitable properties of good Unit Tests are checked. The purpose of this paper is to give words to A-TRIP and to show its practical impact on Software Quality Assurance. Documents analysis was used here as the data collection method to develop Research Questions (RQ). Qualitative method was used as the data analysis method in the research process to answer the RQs. The paper figured out the Cost of Tests as well as made arguments about each A-TRIP property and its implications in terms of costs in the software process.

Keywords: Unit Testing, A-TRIP, Software Quality, Software Development, Software testing.

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Title: Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance
Author:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884317
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/06/2020
Date of Publication: 08/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/533.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 91-97
First Page: 91
Last Page: 97
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 91-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884317

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/533.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884317

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The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman

The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman

Abstract

Many are the presumptions of the effect of Foreign aid on growth on one side and the effect of Foreign Direct investment (FDI) on the other side. Our research empirically examines the impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on economic growth of Sub-Saharan African countries. To do so, we answer three questions: What drives the economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa? What are the impacts of FDI and Foreign Aid on economic growth? and which relationship does exist in one part between FDI and economic growth and the other part between Foreign Aid and economic growth? To tackle our objectives we formulated four hypotheses with Gravity model and Two Stages Generalized Method of Moment analysis. Our findings lead us to conclude: Firstly, three fundamental factors responsible for the economic growth: the country fundamentals (the population, the capital formation), the governance implication (governance effectiveness, Regulatory Quality), and the macro stabilities (Foreign Direct Investment, Foreign Aid, Trade) are responsible and the key factors for the growth in SSA. Secondly, FDI and Aid have a positive and highly significant effect on the GDP. Thirdly, FDI and Aid have short run relationship with the economic growth. And fourthly, our result fall in line with others which have found that domestic factors are vital in promoting the growth effects of FDI. Nevertheless, the findings of this study diverge from others in the literature studies. Even though other researches in the literature works hypothesize that FDI has no absolute positive effect on growth, this study finds that FDI plays a direct role in promoting growth.

Keywords: FDI, Foreign Aid, Economic Growth, Sub-Saharan Africa, Governance Effectiveness, Regulatory Quality.

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Title: The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3870562
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 17/05/2020
Date of Publication: 31/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/554.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 53-70
First Page: 53
Last Page: 70
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed & Imran Ur Rahman (2020). The Impact of FDI and Foreign Aid on the Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 53-70. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3870562

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/531.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Tunde Ahmed Afolabi, Ph.D. School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China, sirdanielastro12@yahoo.com

Imran Ur Rahman, (Corresponding Author) Associate Professor, Ph.D., Center for Trans-Himalaya Studies, Leshan Normal University, Sichuan China, 2388018157@qq.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3870562

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Competitiveness of Bangladeshi Ready Made Garments Industry in global Market Md Kamal Hossain

  Competitiveness of Bangladeshi Ready Made Garments Industry in global Market

Author (s)

Md Kamal Hossain

Abstract

Core objective of this paper is to prepare a model on competitiveness for garments sector of Bangladesh by using the theory of Porters domestic competitive advantage. This study also shows how this industry can sustain as a part of a global competitive marketplace by using various internal elements of competitive advantage. Depending on the significant research characteristics qualitative method has been used as a research method for this study. 22 personnel were interviewed who were closely related with this industry over cell phone to collect large part of secondary data.  This paper will provide necessary evidence on how internal elements can be helpful for apparel sector becomes more competitive towards global garments trade. This paper also will help the management to find more other important factors that can help this sector to remain competitive at global trade. Moreover it also can help responsible government body by realizing all problems or possibilities exists in this industry and practice appropriate approach in the development of the garments industry of Bangladesh.

Keywords: Bangladesh, competitiveness, readymade garments, Michael Porter’s model, internal competitive advantage.

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Title: Competitiveness of Bangladeshi Ready Made Garments Industry in global Market
Author:

Md Kamal Hossain

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3865899
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 20/05/2020
Date of Publication: 30/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/551.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-18
First Page: 1
Last Page: 18
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Kamal Hossain (2020). Competitiveness of Bangladeshi Ready Made Garments Industry in global Market. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 1-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3865899

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/551.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md Kamal Hossain, Masters of Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), China.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3865899

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Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM) Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan

  Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM)

Author (s)

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan

Abstract

In this study, an attempt has been made to simulate the Heat Wave conditions in temperature range of ≥ 36ºC and its associated thermodynamic features over Bangladesh from 19 may to 25 May, 2017, using Advanced Research and Forecasting Model (WRF-ARW) – version 4.0. The WRF model was run for 6 days on a single domain of 10 km. horizontal resolution, using 6 hourly GFS datasets from 0000 UTC of each starting day of the required events as initial and lateral boundary conditions. For simulation, Kessler Scheme (KF) for microphysics, Yonsei University Scheme (YUS) for Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) parametrization, Rapid Radiative Transfer Model (RRTM) for long wave radiation, and Dudhia Scheme (DS) for short wave radiation and Kain- Fritsch (KF) scheme for cumulus parametrization were used. The models have been analyzed numerically using several meteorological parameters such as Mean Sea Level Pressure, Relative Humidity, Temperature, Wind Pattern, Rainfall and Latent Heat, and the output is visualized by Grid Analysis and Display System (GrADS) and surfer. To validate the model performance, model-simulated values of Relative Humidity, Temperature (maximum) and Mean Sea Level Pressure were compared with observed data (Bangladesh Meteorological Department). From the analysis it is clear that the performance of the model is reasonably well to the observations, so that for the up-coming events for extreme temperature conditions the model can be used for the prediction which will bring social and economic benefits.

Keywords: Latent Heat, Relative Humidity, Temperature, Mean Sea Level, Simulation.

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Title: Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM)
Author:

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839997
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 17/05/2020
Date of Publication: 22/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/553.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 44-52
First Page: 44
Last Page: 52
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Md. Sajadul Alam, Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Tanjila Islam, Imtiaz Ahmad, Kaniz Fatema & Nazmul Ahsan Khan (2020). Study on Heat Wave and its Thermodynamic features over Bangladesh using Numerical Weather Prediction Model (NWPM). International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 44-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839997

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/531.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Kaniz Fatema Lubna, Alumni, Environmental Science and Management, North South University,        Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Muhammad Abul Kalam Mallik, Meteorologist, Storm Warming Center, Bangladesh Meteorological Department, Bangladesh

Md. Sajadul Alam, (Corresponding Author) GIS Analyst, Environmental Science and Management,     North South University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abdun Naqib Jimmy, Alumni, Environmental Science and Management, North South University,        Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Tanjila Islam, Senior   Officer-MEAL, Climate Change Adaptation, Save the Children in Bangladesh

Imtiaz Ahmad, Benefit Monitoring & Evaluation Specialist, Food and Agriculture Organization of      the United Nations, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Kaniz Fatema, Senior Programme Associate, Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (VAM) Unit, United Nation’s World Food Programme, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Nazmul Ahsan Khan, Professor and Proctor, Environmental Science and Management, North South   University, Dhaka Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839997

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Determinants of Microfinance Sustainability and Outreach to the Poor: Evidence from Microfinance Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa Alier Maker Ghai Duk

  Determinants of Microfinance Sustainability and Outreach to the Poor: Evidence from Microfinance Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author (s)

Alier Maker Ghai Duk

Abstract

Poverty eradication is a continuous global incident, however the global severity have never been the same, on that specific note, developing countries such as Sub Saharan Africa countries (SSAC) with wide scale poverty prevalence have employed various poverty reduction institutions such as microfinance institutions as appropriate mechanisms to remove many poor people from poverty trap. A sample of 200 microfinance institutions from 30 Sub Saharan African countries was taken for research investigation with three-stage least square (3SLS) method adopted as appropriate model for investigation, the fondness is owing to the fact that the 3SLS is an amalgamation of the 2SLS and seemingly unrelated regressions (SUR) which produces more efficient results. From our result, as evidence suggest, there is enormous disagreement between sustainability and outreach of MFIs mission as regression results interestingly demonstrates trade-off between sustainability indicators and outreach indicators among MFIs in Sub Saharan Africa. Furthermore, from regression outcome, we found no complementary relationship between sustainability and outreach,  additionally as evidence further suggest, we see that, the degree of different of coefficient on influence of sustainability on outreach is slightly bigger compare to degree of influence of outreach on sustainability, from that view, we deduced that concentrating on sustainability in Sub Saharan Africa is tremendously dangerous to the social goal of microfinance institutions, this therefore concurred with the mission drift emphasized in most literatures. We have also been able to identify major institutional determinants of sustainability and outreach as yield, loan portfolio, operating expense and not-for-profit, the results are particularly important to policy makers and institutional managers in deciding matters of outreach and sustainability. furthermore, by Looking at the possibility on whether MF can lead to poverty alleviation, we found no substantial evidence in support of the fact that microfinance institutions can be final panacea for poverty alleviation in Sub Saharan Africa.

Keywords: Determinants, Sustainability, Outreach, Microfinance, Sub Saharan Africa.

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Title: Determinants of Microfinance Sustainability and Outreach to the Poor: Evidence from Microfinance Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author:

Alier Maker Ghai Duk

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839937
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 20/05/2020
Date of Publication: 22/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/552.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 21-43
First Page: 21
Last Page: 43
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alier Maker Ghai Duk (2020). Determinants of Microfinance Sustainability and Outreach to the Poor: Evidence from Microfinance Institutions in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 21-43. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839937

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/552.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Alier Maker Ghai Duk, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3839937

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E-Governance Initiative and the Concept of Digital Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima yasmin

  E-Governance Initiative and the Concept of  Digital Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis

Author (s)

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima yasmin

Abstract

Government functions are the most profound areas where the new information and communication technologies (ICT) can play a pivotal role in fostering and ameliorating citizen centric services. This can make a significant contribution to the achievement of the socio-economic livelihood of the people. E-Governance, being a strategic outcome, relates to spread digital dividends across different social segments especially in any developing country. In Bangladesh, newer ICT tools remained beyond the access of most of its citizens. As part of the national delivery strategy, the Government has decided with the vision of creating a ‘Digital Bangladesh’ by 2021. The very idea started as part of the election manifesto of the ruling party in the last national election held in 2008. This paper attempts to identify the issues and challenges, which Bangladesh is currently facing with regard to the implementation of e-Governance. E-Governance is recognized as a comprehensive system of specific change and strategic tools that support and simplify governance to improve specific policies such as information, citizen participation, efficiency, rapid service delivery, reducing fraud, forwarding, and responding to changes in the Outdoor area. However, the main focus of the paper is to critically analyze various factors to identify success and failures in implementing such programme in Bangladesh.

Keywords: ICT, E-Governance, Digital Bangladesh, Livelihood, Digital dividends.

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Title: E-Governance Initiative and the Concept of  Digital Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis
Author:

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima yasmin

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3836147
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 18/05/2020
Date of Publication: 20/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/532.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 83-90
First Page: 83
Last Page: 90
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima yasmin (2020). E-Governance Initiative and the Concept of Digital Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 83-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3836147

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/532.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Sabina Yeasmin, Professor, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Shamima yasmin, (Corresponding Author), Professor, Tejgaon college, 16, Indira Road, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3836147

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Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: A Panel Data Analysis of the 24 Emerging Countries Nusrat Jahan

  Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: A Panel Data Analysis of the 24 Emerging Countries

Author (s)

Nusrat Jahan

Abstract

The world economy has witnessed a boost of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows across different countries which are the most visible sign of globalization. FDI has grown at an exceptional rate since 1980s. It is evident from the past decade that the trend of FDI has shifted from developed countries to emerging economies. Investors are shifting to the emerging countries as they offer more potential growth and investment returns. Since these countries have emerged as an attractive destination of FDI, it is necessary to investigate the key determining factors that make these countries lucrative as FDI destinations. Hence, this study explores the factors determining FDI inflows into the emerging countries during the time frame from 1992 to 2016. This study identifies a set of potential explanatory variables which include market size, trade openness, availability of natural resources, economic instability, infrastructure facilities, labor force, and financial development level. A fixed effect model is employed on the panel data set that incorporates data from 24 emerging countries. Here, secondary data is used to analyze the variables which are collected from the World Bank dataset. The empirical findings of this study demonstrate that market size, trade openness, availability of natural resources, economic instability, infrastructure facilities, and financial development level are potential determinants of FDI inflows to the emerging countries, whereas, labor force appears to be an insignificant determinant of inward FDI to the emerging countries.

Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment, emerging countries, determinants of FDI inflow, panel data analysis, fixed effects model.

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Title: Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: A Panel Data Analysis of the 24 Emerging Countries
Author:

Nusrat Jahan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3820478
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 10/05/2020
Date of Publication: 11/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/530.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 57-73
First Page: 57
Last Page: 73
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Nusrat Jahan (2020). Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment: A Panel Data Analysis of the 24 Emerging Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 57-73. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3820478

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/530.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Nusrat Jahan, Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Barishal, Barishal-8200, Bangladesh. Email: njahan.uibe@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3820478

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A Review of Overconfidence in Behavioral Finance Ramon Joffre Alan Pires

     A Review of Overconfidence in Behavioral Finance

Author (s)

Ramon Joffre Alan Pires

Abstract

Behavioral finance can be dichotomized into limits to arbitrage and cognitive psychology. While limits to arbitrage describes when markets are inefficient, cognitive psychology refers to how people think. In this review we focus on one well-established bias of cognitive psychology, namely overconfidence. Throughout the literature there are three distinct ways in which overconfidence has been defined: (1) overestimation, (2) overplacement and (3) overprecision. We shortly summarize the ideas of conventional theory about overconfidence, and present the most significant findings of the relevant literature. Hereby we differentiate between studies that investigate overconfidence on the micro level (i.e. individual-level data) and the macro level (i.e. aggregated-level or market-level data). We will also discuss inconsistency across different measures of overconfidence and the reverse phenomena of overconfidence, i.e. underconfidence. To stay within the scope of this work we place our main focus on experimental studies.

Key words: overconfidence, behavioral finance, investor psychology, financial markets, review.

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Title: A Review of Overconfidence in Behavioral Finance
Author:

Ramon Joffre Alan Pires

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3818349
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 3
Acceptance Date: 22/02/2020
Date of Publication: 09/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/502.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 71-78
First Page: 71
Last Page: 78
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ramon Joffre Alan Pires (2020). A Review of Overconfidence in Behavioral Finance. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(3), 71-78.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3818346

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/502.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ramon Joffre Alan Pires, School of Business, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3818349

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The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu

The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil

Author (s)

Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu

Abstract

The main aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between three main intellectual capital’s element which they are; human capital consists of learning and education, experience and expertise, innovation and creation, the second element is structural capital which consists of system and program, research and development, intellectual property rights and third element is relationship capital which consists of strategic alliance, relationship with partners, suppliers and customers, knowledge about partners, suppliers and customers.  A quantitative method applied to measure the relationship between intellectual capital and SMB performance.  A random sampling method applied to find out the relationship between Intellectual capital and SMB Performance.  The research was conducted in the Small and Medium Businesses in Erbil. A total of 400 questionnaires were distributed in the Small and Medium Businesses, however 312 questionnaires were received and being completed properly, and the data were collected through in hard copies. The authors applied multiple regression analysis to measure the nine research hypotheses developed by the authors, the findings revealed that the highest value was for learning and education dimension’s relationship with SMB performance on the other hand the lowest value was for experience and expertise’s relationship with SMB performance in Erbil.

Keywords: Intellectual capital, Small and medium business, performance, Erbil, Northern Iraq.

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Title: The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil
Author:

Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3813767
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 26/04/2020
Date of Publication: 07/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/520.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 144-156
First Page: 144
Last Page: 156
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ari Hameed & Ayşen Berberoğlu (2020). The Role of Intellectual Capital in Organizational Performance: A Study of Small and Medium Businesses In Erbil. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 144-156. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3813767

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/520.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ari Hameed (Corresponding Author), Department of Business Administration, Faculty of    Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, Haspolat Campus, Northern Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey.

Dr. Ayşen Berberoğlu, Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration,  Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences,  Cyprus International University,      Haspolat Campus, Northern Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3813767

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Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Shu Jinghong

Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange

Author (s)

Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Shu Jinghong

Abstract

Choosing whether to finance a business with debt or equity has led to a never-ending search for the best capital structure. Researchers have conducted several research studies trying to find out the optimal capital structure. Some indicate that a firm having a high degree of leverage seems to have an optimal capital structure and thus leads to better financial performance. There are others such as that of Modigliani-Miller that differs in argument by concluding that high leverage does not influence the value of the firm. This research study aimed at determining the impact of capital structure on the financial performance of non-financial firms quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange. The study was conducted on 16 non-financial firms that were in operation in Kenya and quoted at the NSE between 2013 and 2017. Financial performance was measured by return on assets and return on equity, while the capital structure was measured using the change in debt and debt-equity ratio. Secondary data utilised was obtained from audited financial statements derived from company websites and NSE handbook covering the period 2013 to 2017. Correlation and regression analysis were employed in the statistical analysis that was carried out with the aid of STATA version 15. The findings showed that capital structure has a direct influence on the financial performance of firms listed at the Nairobi bourse. The results showed that the financial performance of firms increases with the increase in the changes in debt in the capital structure. This thus supports debt financing in running the firms as compared to equity financing. The study thus recommended that firms should increase debt financing in their capital structure in order to enhance financial performance and increase value to the companies’ stakeholders.

Keywords: Capital Structure, Financial Performance, NSE.

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Title: Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange
Author:

Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Shu Jinghong

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787293
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 03/05/2020
Date of Publication: 05/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/522.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 165-179
First Page: 165
Last Page: 179
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muyundo Calvin Mukumbi, Khisa Wekulo Eugine & Jinghong Shu (2020). Effect of Capital Structure on the Financial Performance of Non-Financial Firms Quoted at the Nairobi Securities Exchange. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 165-179. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787293

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/522.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mukumbi Calvin Muyundo (Corresponding Author), Department of Finance, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Khisa Wekulo Eugine, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, University of International Business and Economics

Prof. Shu Jinghong, Department of Finance, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787293

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Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru

Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda

Author (s)

John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru

Abstract

This paper explores the theoretical underpinnings of Collective Market as a practical Marketing model promoted to address the problem of social and economic inclusion into global agro-commodity market supply chains of smallholder farmers in Africa. A qualitative study based on the grounded theory approach was used supported by the philosophical underpinnings of objectivism ontology and interpretivism epistemology. In-depth interviews were conducted to explore the perspectives of farmers and stakeholders participating in collective marketing and export programs. Data was analyzed using the provisions of Grounded Theory and the concept of Theoretical Saturation guided the determination of sample size and sampling adequacy. Data validity was established through credibility, dependability, conformability and transferability parameters. This study is purely based on a qualitative research design. It does not attempt to provide a quantitative empirical test for the proposed theory. The has provided a theoretical explanation of the relationship between collective marketing and profitability of smallholder farmer’s and offers a practical understanding for academia, promoters of collective marketing and policy markers concerned with integration of smallholder farmers into global supply chains. It will enable better planning of collective marketing for smallholder farmers, with the potential to focus efforts towards commercializing smallholder agriculture, advance inclusion into global markets and achieve poverty eradication goals. The study makes the first known attempt to construct a Theory of Collective Marketing” to systematize the understanding of collective marketing. The theory proposed is grounded on original data.

Keywords: Collective marketing, Economic exclusion, Market integration, Social entrepreneurship, Smallholder farmers.

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Title: Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda
Author:

John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787168
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 28/03/2020
Date of Publication: 05/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/523.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 180-191
First Page: 180
Last Page: 191
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

John Ariko Okelai, Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, & Gladies Angundaru (2020). Determinants of Collective Marketing Action and Profitability of Smallholder Farmers Enterprise in Uganda. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 180-191.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3787168

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/523.pdf

 

About Author (s)

John Ariko Okelai (Corresponding author), a Lecturer in the department of Business         Administration, Makerere University Business School, Kampala Uganda.

Dr. Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Ph.D., Lecturer at the ICT University USA (Cameroon Campus).

Gladies Angundaru, a Lecturer in the department of Business Administration, Makerere    University Business School, Kampala Uganda.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3787168

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A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams

A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty

Author (s)

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams

Abstract

After the partition of the subcontinent in 1947, India took initiative to construct a barrage on its side of the Ganges & commissioned it in 1975. In the past few decades, many of the rivers in Bangladesh, that originated in India, have either been diverted or dammed upstream, inside India. All of these hydro-development initiatives have left a profound impact on Bangladesh as it is receiving end of the Himalayan fluvial regime. In particular, Bangladesh’s agriculture, fisheries, human health and wellbeing are reported to have been significantly affected by the disruption of natural water flow in its rivers. The debate over the water sharing issues between India & Bangladesh dates back as early as their birth but the historical developments of the disputes have never been adequately addressed in settling the issues. This paper analyzes the Farakka Barrage & the consequences of the Ganges Water Sharing Treaty, with some recommendations that can assist to decrease the barriers in this issue.

Keywords: Himalaya, Ecosystem, Conflict, Agreement, Control, Harm.

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Title: A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty
Author:

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3783571
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 29/04/2020
Date of Publication: 03/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/521.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 157-164
First Page: 157
Last Page: 164
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat & Shanjia Shams (2020). A Brief Discussion On Farakka Barrage & Ganges Treaty. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 157-164. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3783571

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/521.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tasnova Jerin Ulfat (Corresponding Author), Department of Bangladesh & Liberation War Studies, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Bangladesh.

Shanjia Shams, Department of Bangladesh & Liberation War Studies, Noakhali Science & Technology University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3783571

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History of English Teaching in Bangladesh: From Inception to Present Practice S. M. Faisal Arafat & Susmita Rejwana Mehnaaz

  History of English Teaching in Bangladesh: From Inception to Present Practice

Author (s)

S. M. Faisal Arafat & Susmita Rejwana Mehnaaz

Abstract

This paper is a brief analysis of English language learning and teaching practice in Bangladesh. It shows the history of English language introduction in the country by the British rulers as a part of Indian subcontinent and then presents a gradual discussion about the evolution of the language practice with all its highs and lows since the inception to the present situation. Prominent language teaching methodologies have eventually emerged as a part of discussion but the paper does not opine for any specific method to be the most suited but within a very limited scope, a picture of the prevailing language reality has been surfaced in the study. This is just a neutral analysis, a critical approach drawn from the related resources. The paper intends to draw the attention of the policymakers to provide an impetus to the thought of delivering the learners and the teachers a teaching learning practice which serves best for the nation.

Keywords: English, history, inception, present practice, Grammar Translation Method, Communicative Language Teaching.

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Title: History of English Teaching in Bangladesh: From Inception to Present Practice
Author:

S. M. Faisal Arafat & Susmita Rejwana Mehnaaz

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3780111
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 29/04/2020
Date of Publication: 01/05/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/529.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 50-56
First Page: 50
Last Page: 56
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

S. M. Faisal Arafat & Susmita Rejwana Mehnaaz  (2020). History of English Teaching in Bangladesh: From Inception to Present Practice. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 50-56. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3780111

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/529.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

S. M. Faisal Arafat, (Corresponding Author) Lecturer (English), BCS (General Education), Ministry of Education, Bangladesh.

Susmita Rejwana Mehnaaz, Assistant Teacher (English), Bangladesh International School & College (BISC), Nirjhor, Dhaka Cantonment, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3780111

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Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria

Author (s)

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Abstract

The study investigates the effect of microfinance banks services on the performance of micro-enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria. The study adopts a survey design and a sample of 350 respondents was determined from population 311,502 micro enterprises in Benue State. The questionnaire was subjected to validity and reliability using factor analysis and Cronboch Alpha respectively. Multiple regression was used data analysis and test of formulated hypotheses with the aid of the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS Version 21). Findings revealed that there is no significant effect of microfinance loan on performance of micro-enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria (p-value 0.631 > α 0.05). The study showed a positive significant effect of microfinance technical training on performance of micro-enterprises performance in Benue state, Nigeria (p-value 0.000 < α 0.05). Finally, the study revealed that microfinance advisory services have a positive significant effect on performance of microenterprises in Benue State, Nigeria (p-value 0.019 < α 0.05). The study concludes that microfinance banks services contribute significantly to enhance the performance of micro enterprises by narrowing the resource gap for micro-enterprises. The study recommends amongst others that management of microfinance banks in Nigeria should increase the duration of their clients’ asset loans over a longer period of time. The study will enlighten micro-enterprises about services rendered by microfinance banks and how to utilize them to improve business performance.

Keywords: Microfinance, Microenterprises, Microfinance loan services, Microfinance technical training services, Microfinance advisory services, Performance.

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Title: Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria
Author:

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 25/04/2020
Date of Publication: 27/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/518.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 113-1124
First Page: 113
Last Page: 124
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu, Torough, Samuel & Asenge, Emmanuel Lubem (2020). Effect of Microfinance Banks Services on the Performance of Micro-Enterprises in Benue State, Nigeria. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 113-124. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/518.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Adudu, Chiangi Adudu is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Administration, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi-Nigeria.

Torough, Samuel is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Administration, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi-Nigeria.

Asenge, Emmauel Lubem, is a postgraduate student in the Department of Business Management, Benue State University, Makurdi-Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3769069

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Women Empowerment through Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin

  Women Empowerment through Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to have an overview of women entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. This research will be conducted to identify factors that contribute to individual capacity building levels among women entrepreneurs. The issue covered by this study are the socio-demographic profile of women entrepreneurs, types of women-owned entrepreneurs, regulatory procedures, training and capacity building, and human resources development through women’s empowerment. For this purpose, the analysis based on empirical investigation will be conducted in Dhaka City which involved 200 women entrepreneurs who made up the respondents of this particular research. The study aims to adopt three basic aspects such as personal attributes, family affairs and external environment to evaluate their contribution towards women entrepreneurship. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods adapted to the primary data collection process will be applied to explore information from a sample unit of women entrepreneurs in the city Dhaka of Bangladesh. The study will be based on survey methodology through a semi-structured questionnaire administered on women entrepreneurs. Data will be analyzed using statistical software such as SPSS. The study aims to come up with recommendations to address the existing challenges to promote a gender-friendly business environment.

Keywords: Women, Empowerment, Development, Entrepreneurship.

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Title: Women Empowerment through Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh
Author:

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3766648
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 22/04/2020
Date of Publication: 26/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/528.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 37-49
First Page: 37
Last Page: 49
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sabina Yeasmin & Shamima Yasmin (2020). Women Empowerment though Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 37-49. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3766648

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/528.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Sabina Yeasmin, Professor, Bangladesh Open University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

Shamima yasmin, (Corresponding Author), Professor, Tejgaon college, 16, Indira Road, Dhaka-1215, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3766648

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Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know Dewan Azmal Hossain

Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know

Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Abstract

Multidisciplinary areas of accounting are increasing day by day. One such multidisciplinary area is forensic accounting. Due to the increase of corporate frauds like in the cases of Enron and WorldCom, organizations are putting a special effort into the investigation of frauds. To investigate fraud, corporations need to be prepared.  One way of this preparation is understanding the ideas of forensic accounting and the scopes and areas of forensic accounting. Not only for corporations but also for non-accounting experts knowledge of forensic accounting is important. This theoretical review deals with these issues and explains the technical terms of forensic accounting that non-accounting experts need to know to understand the basics of forensic accounting. This theoretical review also argues that auditing and forensic accounting are not the same. To be a forensic accountant understanding the term “Due Diligence” is a prerequisite. On the other hand, auditing is merely matching the financial statement with applicable standards. After making a comparison between auditing and forensic accounting, it is discussed that non-accounting experts need to make themselves familiar with financial accounting, financial ratios and also with the specialized analytical tools to understand the nature of the work of forensic accountants, their networking techniques, relation establishing techniques and inferential analysis techniques. This study also provides an extract of awareness towards forensic accounting that Bangladeshi accounting and auditing firms, multinational and local companies have.

Keywords: Forensic Accounting, Non-Accounting experts, Due Diligence, Inferential Analysis, Bangladesh.

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Title: Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know
Author:

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 18/04/2020
Date of Publication: 20/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/519.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 128-143
First Page: 128
Last Page: 143
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dewan Azmal Hossain (2020). Awareness towards Forensic Accounting and What Non-Accounting Experts Need to Know. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 128-143. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/519.pdf

About Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of            Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2311-6941

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757586

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Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker

   Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study

Author (s)

Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker

Abstract

Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) are the far-reaching evolution in the arena of open innovation which is an emerging concept that attracts a lot of entrepreneurs in Bangladesh. Open innovation has been immensely implemented in small and medium enterprises with the intention of impressing business uplift, financial and economic empowerment. SMEs and Open Innovation gathers data & information in which SMEs can put open innovation strategies to development by entrepreneurial, institutional, and exploratory study. The motto of this study is to make policy, economic, and cultural issues, including various privileges and challenges adjoining open innovation strategies in Bangladesh SMEs sector. A quantitative method was chosen to make this study a success. Specifically, a structured interview method has been followed to collect data from primary sources to provide a clear picture of the development of this industry through the application of innovative approaches to the management strategy of SMEs in Bangladesh. Data was collected from eighty respondents from three different cities (Dhaka, Gazipur, and Narsingdi) using the convenience sampling technique (non-probability sampling). Convenient sampling techniques were applied to draw samples to ensure representation of all types of companies. Data was analyzed regarding of frequency, percentage, regression analysis, and ANOVA using SPSS.

Key words:Innovation, Open Innovation, Economy, Strategies, Management Strategies, SMEs.

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Title: Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study
Author:

Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757541
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 18/04/2020
Date of Publication: 20/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/526.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 12-22
First Page: 12
Last Page: 22
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Most. Tahura Pervin, Razia Begum, & Bipul Kumar Sarker (2020). Strategies for Managing Open Innovation in SMEs in Bangladesh and the Contribution of SMEs to the National Economy: An Observational Study. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 12-22.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3757541

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/526.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Most. Tahura Pervin (Corresponding Author), Assistant  Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur-1707, Bangladesh.

Dr. Razia Begum, Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Bipul Kumar Sarker, Lecturer, Department of BBA Professional, Habibullah Bahar College, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3757541

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Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury

  Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend

Author (s)

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury

Abstract

The tourism industry in Bangladesh is a thriving sector for its medieval resources, rich historical background, and fascinating natural beauty. This study set out to identify the current situation of tourism in Bangladesh and its economic effects. The research relied on secondary data sources. Over the last ten years, Bangladesh has experienced the same level and pace of growth in both the economy and tourism fronts. While there are no vast numbers of foreign tourists, Bangladesh boasts of millions of domestic tourists on regular holidays. In December 2018, the country’s Tourism Revenue rose from 348 million USD in 2017 to 357 million USD. Considering the gradual, but consistent increase in revenue over the years, it is safe to say that the tourism sector in Bangladesh is thriving. This study also identified the primary challenges the country faces in developing this lucrative sector. From inadequate safety and security to poor infrastructure and transportation, Bangladesh lacks the most crucial development requirements. The study offered recommendations on how to develop Bangladesh’s tourism to match global standards and expectations. However, the success of these hinges on the readiness of both the private and public sectors to jointly develop a long-term tourism development plan. This study will help the Government construct future strategies to develop this enormous potential industry which can play a significant role in the formation of the gross domestic product, providing employment for the population, and enhancing the foreign trade balance.

Keywords: Economic growth, ecotourism, prospect, tourism industry, domestic tourists, foreign tourists.

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Title: Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend
Author:

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3760204
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 13/04/2020
Date of Publication: 22/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/527.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 23-36
First Page: 23
Last Page: 36
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury (2020). Tourism in Bangladesh: Highlighting the Development Trend. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 23-36. doi:https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3760204

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/527.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shegufta Haseen Chowdhury, Lecturer, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, New Model Degree College, Russell Square, Sukrabad, Dhanmondi, Dhaka – 1207, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3760204

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Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya

    Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration

Author (s)

Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya

Abstract

Bangladesh is a beautiful country for both domestic and international visitors. There are a variety of tourism attractions for the tourists from home and abroad. Many resorts have been established in the country to serve the increasing demands of the tourists. There are now imminent opportunities for resort sector in Bangladesh. Resorts may be regarded as the home far away from the natural stay of livings. This paper investigates qualitatively to reflect the understandings of resorts’ businesses in Bangladesh, which are located in the different parts of the country. The primary purpose of the study is to highlight resorts, the attributes of resorts, facilities, amenities, and impacts of resorts in the country. Accordingly, this paper has focused on the prospects and challenges of resort development to facilitate the increasing tourist’ demands in Bangladesh. The paper concludes by scoping some measures to overcome resort business challenges and improve service offerings by the resorts. The findings of this research will be helpful in particular for the resort business owners to shape their offerings. In addition, the policymakers will be benefitted from the key insights of resort development considerations at a local or destination level.

Key words: Sresort development, tourism attractions, facilities, amenities, service offerings, destination, Bangladesh.

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Title: Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration
Author:

Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3754479
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 13/04/2020
Date of Publication: 16/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/525.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-11
First Page: 1
Last Page: 11
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Abdullah Al Muneem, Uchinlayen, & Sadia Afrin Ananya (2020). Resort development challenges in Bangladesh: A conceptual elaboration. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 1-11.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3754479

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/525.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abdullah Al Muneem (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Uchinlayen, Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Sadia Afrin Ananya, Lecturer, Department of Tourism & Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalgonj-8100, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3754479

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Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

    Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing

Author (s)

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

Abstract

The way of using mobile community sources successfully by the content material caching strategy. Here, we have a look at Small Cell Base Station Networks (SCBSNs) from a caching perspective. Firstly, we wager that these Small Cell Base Stations are deploying with low doable backhaul links on the other hand have excessive functionality storage units. Then, we illustrate our system mannequin and define a Quality of Experience (QoE) metric in order to satisfy a given file request. After that, we formulate the optimization hassle in order to maximize the Quality of Experience (QoE) metric for all requests beneath the ability constraints. We make clear this trouble via introducing an algorithm, referred to as MyCaching, which relies on potential constraints. Due to storage constraints, not all requested files can be cached so MyChacing algorithm selects the most popular documents until the total storage potential is achieved. In a row, the proposed caching algorithm is compared with PropCaching, the numerical consequences illustrate that the range of content material requests increases. Besides, we exhibit that MyCaching performs higher than PropCaching in most cases. Such as, for R=200 wide variety of requests and a storage ratio γ=0.5, the pleasure in MyCaching Algorithm is 90% higher than PropCaching and the backhaul usage is condensed by using 5%.

Key words: Small Cell Base Station Networks (SCBSNs), proactive caching, popularity caching, Quality of Experience (QoE), Mobile Edge Computing (MEC).

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Title: Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing
Author:

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 08/04/2020
Date of Publication: 09/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/517.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 104-112
First Page: 104
Last Page: 112
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rahman Atiqur, Ali Md Liton, & Guangfu Wu (2020). Content Caching Strategy at Small Base Station in 5G Networks with Mobile Edge Computing. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 104-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/517.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rahman Atiqur, (Corresponding Author), Ph.D., Information and Communication Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

Ali Md Liton, Ph.D., Information and Communication Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

Guangfu Wu, Senior Engineer, School of Software Engineering, Chongqing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Chongqing, 400065, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746233

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The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen

     The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study

Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen

Abstract

Attendance in classrooms of students in contemporary higher education at national universities in Bangladesh plays an important role. It is a common belief that more classed students score better on the exam than do less or non-class students. According to the attendance policy of the BBA Professional Department of Habibullah Bahar University College (HBUC), students should attend at least 80% of their total classes to prevent students from appearing in the final exams. Thus, this paper examines the relationship between final examination performance and the class attendance percentage participation between two different semesters of BBA Professional Department in Statistics-I and Statistics-II students. The survey was conducted from December 2016 to March 2020 in the BBA Professional Department of Habibullah Bahar University College to complete the research work. A total of 108 students were selected as the sample for this study. Research data regarding class attendance and academic results from published results were collected from college attendance records of the BBA professional department. Data was analyzed in terms of frequency, percentage and independent t-test using SPSS-20 version of software. This study shows that there is a positive correlation between classroom attendance percentage and final exam grade. Since classroom attendance percentage influenced the final outcome of the students, therefore, according to the ‘80% Rule’, students were divided into two groups. Judging by the independent t-test, the results were analyzed and found that significant differences exist between the two groups; As a result, students with more than 80% attendance achieved higher marks as opposed to less than 80% attendance.

Key words: Higher Education, Teaching and Learning, Student Performance, Learning Statistics and Mathematics, Correlation.

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Title: The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study
Author:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746213
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2020
Date of Publication: 09/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/463.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 285-291
First Page: 285
Last Page: 291
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Uchinlayen (2020). The Impact of Class Attendance on Academic Performance of BBA Professional Students: An Observational Study. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 285-291.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3746213

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/463.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker (Corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of BBA Professional, Habibullah Bahar College, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Uchinlayen, Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746213

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Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin

     Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City

Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin

Abstract

A man-made social system that determines the gender of a human being based on gender behavior, characteristics, and sexuality. The term third gender has a broad meaning. The third gender is basically what we mean by those whose gender identity or gender expression implies something different from the gender they received after puberty. The social life of third gender and his true sexual identity is the story of a life of continuous struggle. The social system of Bangladesh is changing. As well as changing the social status of the third gender in the society. In today’s society, eligibility for third gender has increased. The Hijra community is now becoming a part of our society. In this case, the judgment of the court has made significant contributions. This paper attempts to outline the socio-economic status of the Hijra people in Bangladesh as well as the steps taken by the government for the Hijra community. To make this task a success, a quantitative method was chosen; specifically, a structured interview method has been followed to collect accurate data from primary sources, giving a clear picture of the socioeconomic status of Bangladesh’s Hijra community. One hundred thirty five respondents were collected in Dhaka city through a non-probability sampling method using convenience technique. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS. Due to the shortage of time and money, this study was restricted to the surrounding area of ​​Dhaka City only. Therefore, the first limitation of this study is to collect information only from the emissaries living in Dhaka city. Second, quantitative data was collected only from those under 60 years of age.

Key words: Hijra, Third Gender, Demography, Socio-economic Conditions.

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Title: Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City
Author:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746192
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 06/04/2020
Date of Publication: 09/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/462.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 276-284
First Page: 276
Last Page: 284
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Bipul Kumar Sarker & Most. Tahura Pervin (2020). Socio-economic Status of Hijra Community: A Study on Dhaka City. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(1), 276-284.  doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3746192

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/462.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Bipul Kumar Sarker (Corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of BBA Professional, Habibullah Bahar College, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Most. Tahura Pervin, Assistant  Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur-1707, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746192

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Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

     Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries

Author (s)

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

Abstract

Whether and why one should ‘join a snake or a spider global value chain (GVC)’ is a debate that has received little attention in economic literature. In this paper, we try to compare the effects of the GVCs on wage in both configurations between working skill categories across many countries and industries. The aim pursued is to show which GVC generates better wage in a particular context –especially at skill, country development or industrial level. To distinguish spider from snake, we use the mean value of the weighted average number of border crossing (ABC) proposed by Muradov (2016) and its variant indexed by the UIBE Research Institute of GVC (RIGVC of UIBE). The sample is a panel data of 36 countries selected from the World Input-Output Database (WIOD), spanning 10 years (2000-2009) and 9 industries. By employing the Hausman-Taylor technique, we found that in general, GVCs bring positive gains to workers of all skill categories. These effects tend to be higher for high-skill workers and for those engaged in snake GVCs. Furthermore, the impacts appear more significant in snake for workers in developed countries. On the other hand, these effects are stronger only in spider in developing countries. At industry level, the pair snake-manufacturing display more significant estimates. These findings are meant to inform policymakers on the choice of GVCs. In fact, joining a GVC may require a minutious understanding of its configuration.

Key words: Global Value Chains (GVCs), Snake, Trade, Spider, Skill, Wage, offshoring, Border Crossing.

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Title: Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries
Author:

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 31/03/2020
Date of Publication: 02/04/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/515.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 79-97
First Page: 79
Last Page: 97
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo & Jiong Gong (2020), Impact of Global Value Chains on Wage in Snake and Spider Configurations: An Empirical Analysis based on WIOD Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(4), 79-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401

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About Author (s)

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (Corresponding Author) PhD, International Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE),Beijing, China.

Jiong Gong, Professor of Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3736401