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The Impact of Risk Management on Banks’ Performance: A Case Study on the Banking Sector in the Republic of South Sudan Chol Paul Kur

The Impact of Risk Management on Banks’ Performance: A Case Study on the Banking Sector in the Republic of South Sudan

Author (s)

Chol Paul Kur

Abstract

­

The goal of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of risk management techniques employed by South Sudanese commercial banks. Using a contemporaneous mixed study methodology, information was gathered from purposely-sampled commercial banks. 5 point Linkert scale types of questionnaires were delivered to 56 respondents from chosen commercial banks. Questionnaires were the primary data gathering tool. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS V 16.0) was used to examine the data in major part, as well as distribution tables displaying frequencies and percentages. Tables have been created to display the findings. The key findings of this study project were that the majority of commercial bank employees strongly believed that risk management is an essential approach for managing a wide range of risks in a holistic manner and is critical in managerial decision making, influencing company performance. The study also discovered that risk management is now a must rather than a choice for commercial companies. Overall, the data indicate that South Sudanese banks are risk-averse. According to the report, it is critical for every successful commercial bank or financial institution to implement an ERM framework.

 Keywords: Risk Management, Risk mitigation, risk framework, Performance & Banking Sector.

 

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Title: The Impact of Risk Management on Banks’ Performance: A Case Study on the Banking Sector in the Republic of South Sudan
Author: Chol Paul Kur
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5565119
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 8/10/2021
Date of Publication: 15/10/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/826.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 67-86
First Page: 67
Last Page: 86
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Chol Paul Kur (2021). The Impact of Risk Management on Banks’ Performance: A Case Study on the Banking Sector in the Republic of South Sudan. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 67-86. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5572742

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/826.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Chol Paul Kur, MSc in Accounting and Finance, PGD- Accounting & Finance University of Juba, BBA Business Administration Majoring Accounting & Finance Cavendish University, Uganda.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5572742

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Analysis of emphasizing jute product exports instead of jute raw material exports from Bangladesh Abdullah Al-Chemi & Md. Asif Islam Shuvo

Analysis of emphasizing jute product exports instead of jute raw material exports from Bangladesh

Author (s)

Abdullah Al-Chemi & Md. Asif Islam Shuvo

Abstract

­

Moving with the nature, we terrestrials are trying to build up a sustainable world in the existing planet. However, jute is not a new name to sustainability, it has created a new horizon to establish the desire green world. Nowadays, the scope is increasing for exporting the jute products instead of raw jute in Bangladesh. The purpose of this paper is determined to analyze the Bangladeshi jute product in the world sustainable market, identify the knowledge gap and analyze of emphasizing on exporting jute product instead of raw jute from Bangladesh. This paper aims to determine future potential of jute product and demand of sustainable product around the world. This research does not give any specific model but it will show a budding possibility which can be grabbed. Though there are so many studies happened but this paper will depict the image in a broader scale. Desk research and in-depth interviews were used to conduct the entire investigation. As a result, there is both primary and secondary data. Additionally, Descriptive statistics are mentioned in the study and analyzed accordingly.

 Keywords: Raw Jute, Jute Product, Bangladesh, Sustainable, Exporting.

 

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Title: Analysis of emphasizing jute product exports instead of jute raw material exports from Bangladesh
Author: Abdullah Al-Chemi & Md. Asif Islam Shuvo
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5565119
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 9/10/2021
Date of Publication: 11/10/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/825.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 55-66
First Page: 55
Last Page: 66
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Abdullah Al-Chemi & Md. Asif Islam Shuvo (2021). Analysis of emphasizing jute product exports instead of jute raw material exports from Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 55-66. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5565119

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/825.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abdullah Al Chemi, MBA (Marketing), Bangladesh University of Professionals & BSc. in Apparel Manufacturing and Technology, BUFT, Bangladesh. Email: alchemi.isty@gmail.com

Md. Asif Islam Shuvo (corresponding author), MBA (Finance), Bangladesh University of Professionals & BBA (Finance), Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: asifdu2018@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5565119

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Impact of Performance Appraisal on Employees: A Study on Employees of Insurance Organization in Bangladesh Tabassum Azim & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Impact of Performance Appraisal on Employees: A Study on Employees of Insurance Organization in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Tabassum Azim & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

­

Performance appraisal is an essential activity that determines how the employees behave and perform. From scholarly articles, it can be said that it creates both positive and negative impact on employees’ performance, which affects the overall organizational performance. The aim of this research paper is to understand how the method of performance appraisal used in a leading insurance organisation can have an impact on employees’ attitude towards work. It focuses on how technological factors, financial factors and feedback system of the appraisal system can have a significant impact on the fairness of the system. Taking a sample size of fifteen respondents from one organization has identified how the feedback system used by an organization and involving employees’ voice in in decision making can contribute to making the process fair.

 Keywords: performance appraisal, Employees, employees’ performance, insurance organization, Bangladesh.

 

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Title: Impact of Performance Appraisal on Employees: A Study on Employees of Insurance Organization in Bangladesh
Author: Tabassum Azim & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5559479
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 4/10/2021
Date of Publication: 10/10/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/824.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 41-54
First Page: 41
Last Page: 54
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Tabassum Azim & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2021). Impact of Performance Appraisal on Employees: A Study on Employees of Insurance Organization in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 41-54. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5559479

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/824.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tabassum Azim (corresponding author), MSc, Human Resource Management (International Development), The University of Manchester, UK, E-mail: tabassum.azim@outlook.com

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh, E-mail: mustafa.nizamul@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5559479

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The Emergence of E-commerce in Bangladesh And Its Growth Md Swaid Sameh

The Emergence of E-commerce in Bangladesh And Its Growth

Author (s)

Md Swaid Sameh

Abstract

­The word “e-commerce” means the buying and selling of goods, products, and services through the internet. Electronic commerce or internet commerce are other synonyms of e-commerce. These services were provided through the internet network. In this paper, I defined a new concept “e-commerce in Bangladesh” so that everyone can get an idea about everything about e-commerce in Bangladesh at a glance and also focused on six aspects to analyze and study the problems related, such as definition, emerge, growth, current activities, activities, challenges & policy Required. All issues have been analyzed in terms of e-commerce in Bangladesh. First, we analyzed the basic content, characteristics, activities of e-commerce. Second, we discussed the objective & methodology and a clear concept of e-commerce. Third, we gave out the emergence and history. Forth, we analyzed and gave out the growth & present Status. Fifth, we analyzed the current activities & Bangladesh’s top E-commerce platforms and their traffic. And finally, we discussed some challenges & policies required for E-commerce in Bangladesh. The article includes a literature review on the idea of e-commerce as well as secondary data analysis on e-commerce in Bangladesh.

 Keywords: E-commerce, Bangladesh, B2C, Business, ICT.

 

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Title: The Emergence of E-commerce in Bangladesh And Its Growth
Author: Md Swaid Sameh
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5542943
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 24/09/2021
Date of Publication: 01/10/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/823.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 30-40
First Page: 30
Last Page: 40
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md Swaid Sameh (2021). The Emergence of E-commerce in Bangladesh And Its Growth. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 30-40. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5542943

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/823.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md Swaid Sameh, Undergraduate Student, Department of Management, Govt. Bangla College, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. e-mail: sameh.purno1998@gmail.com

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5542943

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How Website Design Quality Affects Customers’ Purchase Intention Adeba Anika Islam

How Website Design Quality Affects Customers’ Purchase Intention

Author (s)

Adeba Anika Islam

Abstract

­

E-commerce is rapidly growing in today’s technology-driven world. In order to increase purchase intention in new online visitors and retain current customers, companies must ensure their e-commerce website is designed to maximize customer satisfaction and trust. However, there are several elements of website design quality that influence purchase intentions more strongly than others. This research attempts to synthesize the recent literature on the main determinants of website design quality that increase purchase intention. Consequently, the most significant determinants are transaction ease, visual design, information quality, social-cue, ease of navigation, service quality and security; their importance varying across industries. Among research conducted on e-commerce websites selling products, visual design has a more significant effect on customer satisfaction than information quality and service quality. The opposite is found to be true among empirical studies of e-commerce websites selling services. Transaction ease, social-cue, ease of navigation and security have a substantial impact on customer satisfaction and trust, regardless of whether the e-commerce website is offering products or services.

 Keywords: Website design, purchase intention, e-commerce, customer satisfaction, online trust.

 

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Title: How Website Design Quality Affects Customers’ Purchase Intention
Author: Adeba Anika Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5528561
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 24/09/2021
Date of Publication: 26/09/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/822.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 16-29
First Page: 16
Last Page: 19
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Adeba Anika Islam (2021). How Website Design Quality Affects Customers’ Purchase Intention. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 16-29. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5528561

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/822.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Adeba Anika Islam, Monash University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5528561

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Impact of Human Resources Competency on Productivity: The case of SME’s in Timor-Leste Egidio da Costa & Niu Xiongying

Impact of Human Resources Competency on Productivity: The case of SME’s in Timor-Leste

Author (s)

Egidio da Costa & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

­

Small and medium enterprises are one of the business groups that have high contribution to the national economy. Even with the development of the number of SME units able to generate jobs opportunity. Nevertheless, in term of quality SME’s are still considered lower than large companies therefore to improve the working quality, its necessary to solve human resources competence such skills, knowledge and abilities issues to improve the Productivity. This research was carried out aimed to know how the influence of skills, knowledge, abilities on the productivity is. This research was conducted with a quantitative approach. The population in this study was small and medium enterprises domiciled in Dili capital and the sampling technique used was simple random sampling. Data collection is done by distributing questionnaires to 250 units of small and medium-sized business owners. The measurement was using a Likert scale. And the data was analyzed using SPSS 23 version with simple and multiple regression analysis method. The results of the analysis conclude that skills(X1), knowledge(X2) and working ability(X3) are positive and significantly effect on labor productivity (y).

 Keywords: SMEs, Skills, Knowledge, Ability, Productivity.

 

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Title: Impact of Human Resources Competency on Productivity: The case of SME’s in Timor-Leste
Author: Egidio da Costa & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5521100
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 19/09/2021
Date of Publication: 22/09/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/821.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-15
First Page: 1
Last Page: 15
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Egidio da Costa & Niu Xiongying (2021). Impact of Human Resources Competency on Productivity: The case of SME’s in Timor-Leste. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(10), 1-15. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5521100

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/821.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Egidio da Costa (corresponding author), PhD Research Scholar,   Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. Email: egidiodacosta90@gmail.com

Niu Xiongying, Professor,  Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5521100

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The effects of industrial production, inflow remittances, and FDI on the rate of Inflation in Liberia 2000-2020 Anthanasius G. Paul

The effects of industrial production, inflow remittances, and FDI on the rate of Inflation in Liberia 2000-2020

Author (s)

Anthanasius G. Paul

Abstract

­

The effects of industrial production, inflow remittance, and FDI on the rate of inflation is the title of the research. The case study is Liberia and the analysis was tested through the Johansen co-integration and the correction miscalculation/ error model (ECM) was instigated. And both tools were used to establish the long-run relationship between the research variables. The testing of various research parameters presumed that there exists a long-run interaction between inflow remittances, FDI, and Inflation but realized that industrial production and inflation have a negative response to each other (an increase in production decreases inflation and vice versa). The Liberian government can prioritize the improvement in industrial production in the manufacturing sector which will reduce the rate of inflation. Furthermore, FDI and inflow remittance can be monitor and encourage foreign investors to invest which will decrease unemployment and the inflow of new technologies in all sectors. When these suggestions are followed strategically, this could decrease the rate of inflation and help citizens improve their lives.

 Keywords: Industrial production, FDI, Inflow remittances, Inflation Co-integration, and Error Correction Model.

 

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Title: The effects of industrial production, inflow remittances, and FDI on the rate of Inflation in Liberia 2000-2020
Author: Anthanasius G. Paul
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5509450
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 13/09/2021
Date of Publication: 15/09/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/814.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 181-191
First Page: 181
Last Page: 191
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Anthanasius G. Paul (2021). The effect of industrial production, inflow remittance, and FDI on inflation in Liberia (200-2019). International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 181-191. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5509450

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/814.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Anthanasius G. Paul Sr., School of Post Graduate Studies, Anhui Polytechnic University (AHPU), Anhui, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5509450

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Online Shopping Behaviors during Covid-19 Pandemic and Expected Future Trends Lual Daniel kur, Niu Xiongying, Chol Gabriel Majer, Thomas Gatluak Reat & Majak Michael Chol

Online Shopping Behaviors during Covid-19 Pandemic and Expected Future Trends

Author (s)

Lual Daniel kur, Niu Xiongying, Chol Gabriel Majer, Thomas Gatluak Reat & Majak Michael Chol

Abstract

­

This research aims to expound on how e-commerce has been affected during the age of Covid-19. Little is known regarding how the outbreak of covid-19 has impacted consumers’ online shopping behavior; hence the need for research upholding theoretical and practical considerations. The study also uncovers the underlying implications of e-commerce even after the pandemic. Moreover, the use of the internet is reflected in correlation to the current crisis and its impact on e-commerce. Through the use of different data sets, the frequency and the rate of adoption of online shopping are monitored very well. This study’s principal results suggest that online shopping behavior change depends on some factors such as connectivity through the internet, age, gender, education, and income. Perhaps, shopping online has changed drastically since the outbreak of Covid-19 in the year 2020 and that may persist beyond unforeseen future. The research is based on how Covid-19 has turned around consumers’ shopping behaviors and moved the market, shopping priorities, and consumer needs amidst the Covid-19 pandemic. Through secondary sources that were found reliable and valid in answering the three research questions, the study comes up with enough research findings. This study, therefore, unfolds not only the effects Covid-19 has on online shopping behavior but also predicts the future of e-commerce after the pandemic.

 Keywords: E-Commerce, Consumer Shopping behaviour, Covid-19, Pandemic, Future Trends.

 

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Title: Online Shopping Behaviors during Covid-19 Pandemic and Expected Future Trends
Author: Lual Daniel kur, Niu Xiongying, Chol Gabriel Majer, Thomas Gatluak Reat & Majak Michael Chol
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5509322
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 09/09/2021
Date of Publication: 15/09/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/813.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 165-180
First Page: 165
Last Page: 180
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Lual Daniel kur, Niu Xiongying, Chol Gabriel Majer, Thomas Gatluak Reat & Majak Michael Chol (2021). Online Shopping Behaviors during Covid-19 Pandemic and Expected Future Trends.International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 165-180. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5509322

 

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/813.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Lual Daniel kur (corresponding author),Lecturer, Upper Nile University, South Sudan, & University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Professor Niu Xiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Chol Gabriel Majer,MBA (Generic) & PGDBA, University of Juba, South Sudan.

Thomas Gatluak Reat, MAF, University of Juba, South Sudan.

Majak Michael Chol, Msc in Accounting & Finance & PGD-AF University of Juba, South Sudan.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5509322

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Factors Affecting Adoption of Fintech in Bangladesh Rashedul Hasan

Factors Affecting Adoption of Fintech in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Rashedul Hasan

Abstract

­

This study objective is to understand the factors affecting the users for accepting the FinTech service and identify the key elements of consumer behavioural intension & consumer awareness. This research is based on the Technological Acceptance Model (TAM) where some other variable such as Perceived Risk, Brand and Trust, Government Support, and User Innovativeness in addition with   Perceived Usefulness and Perceived ease of use are used to explain the attitude toward using and behavioral intention of Fintech product and services. Data were collected from 160 respondents for empirical investigation. Structured Equation Model (SEM) has been used to analyze data to test hypothesis and relationship with variable. The result shows that Brand Image and Trust and Perceived Risk (PR) and have major roles on the behavioral intention to use fintech service. The study contributes to the literature of the adoption of fintech in a comprehensive may.  The result of the research can be used by the manager of fintech industry specially to offer new product and services.

 Keywords: FinTech, FinTech Adoption,TAM,  TAM2, SEM.

 

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Title: Factors Affecting Adoption of Fintech in Bangladesh
Author: Rashedul Hasan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5502367
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 09/09/2021
Date of Publication: 13/09/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/812.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 156-164
First Page: 156
Last Page: 164
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hasan, R. (2021). Factors Affecting Adoption of Fintech in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 156-164. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5502367

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/812.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rashedul Hasan, East West University, Bangladesh. Email: rashedulhasan@ewubd.edu

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5502367

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The Nature of Industrial Structural Change and Economic Growth: A Decomposition Analysis Etana Ayeru Fekede

The Nature of Industrial Structural Change and Economic Growth: A Decomposition Analysis

Author (s)

Etana Ayeru Fekede

Abstract

­

The concentration of the economy on the specific sector and lack of industrial structural change is the cause for the divergence of developing countries. Using data from the Asian KLEMS database for China and South Korea, we employed decomposition techniques to analyze the nature of structural transformation and industries’ contribution to growth. It is confirmed that both within-sector and between-sectors structural change contribute to the growth, but the modern economy does not follow the traditional linear structural transformation. Structural transformation through industrial upgrading, technological innovation, institutional and infrastructural development can stimulate dynamic and rapid economic growth. Therefore, the existence of structural transformation is another factor that affects economic performance, and hence income gaps. Since the rate of structural transformation is declining as the economy becomes advance, developing countries have the advantage of transforming their economy faster. They have the technological advantage of a latecomer. To undertake structural change and uphold sustainable development, diversification of the economy is required.

 Keywords: Structural Transformation, Decomposition Analysis, Economic Growth, Diversification, Innovative capability.

 

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Title: The Nature of Industrial Structural Change and Economic Growth: A Decomposition Analysis
Author: Etana Ayeru Fekede
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5491997
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 04/09/2021
Date of Publication: 09/09/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/811.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 131-155
First Page: 131
Last Page: 155
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Etana Ayeru Fekede (2021). The Nature of Industrial Structural Change and Economic Growth: A Decomposition Analysis. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 131-155. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5491997

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/811.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Etana Ayeru Fekede, (PhD), Assistant Professor of Economics at Assosa University, Department of Economics, Assosa, Ethiopia. Email: finchafaro@yahoo.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5491997

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The Moderating Role of Openness to The Experience on Employee Mobility’s Influence on Job Security and Employee Retention Schyonne Adderley & Niu Xiongying

The Moderating Role of Openness to The Experience on Employee Mobility’s Influence on Job Security and Employee Retention

Author (s)

Schyonne Adderley & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

­

This study sought out to examine the influence of employee global mobility on job security and employee retention. Paired t-tests were applied to examine the responses of 148 luxury hotel employees in The Bahamas through a scenario-based experiment. The findings show that the scenario had a positive effect on job security and employee retention with a statistically significant increase from the hypothesis that EGM has a positive effect. There was also not enough evidence to prove that openness had a moderating effect. The results confirmed that the global mobility would be a suitable talent management strategy and they innovative hybrid will support a sustainable business and society and that in their perceptions; organizations were doing a better job at maintaining their employees and sustaining work for their employees.

 Keywords: Employee global mobility, Job security, Retention, Job Stability, Luxury hotel, Scenario experiment.

 

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Title: The Moderating Role of Openness to The Experience on Employee Mobility’s Influence on Job Security and Employee Retention
Author: Schyonne Adderley & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5342340
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 26/08/2021
Date of Publication: 31/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/810.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-130
First Page: 118
Last Page: 130
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Schyonne Adderley & Niu Xiongying (2021). The Moderating Role of Openness to The Experience on Employee Mobility’s Influence on Job Security and Employee Retention. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 118-130. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5342340

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/810.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Schyonne Adderley (corresponding author), Department of Business, University of International Business and Economics, No. 10 Huixin East Street Beijing, China tel:8618514462492, email: schyonne@hotmail.com

Niu Xiongying, Department of Business, University of International Business and Economics, No. 10 Huixin East Street Beijing, China, tel:8618500078237 email: niuxy@uibe.edu.cn

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5342340

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Food habit and health problems among brick field workers in Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Omar Ali, Suparna Das Toma, Minhaj Uddin, & Mohammed Syful Islam

Food habit and health problems among brick field workers in Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Omar Ali, Suparna Das Toma, Minhaj Uddin, & Mohammed Syful Islam

Abstract

­

Brick bricks are an unsafe and dangerous workplace. The type of work exposes employees to hazardous environments and working conditions. The workers here work in an unhygienic and unsafe condition, that affects their dietary consumption and nutritional status. This study is a comprehensive nationally representative study which aimed to assess the food habit and health problems of brick field workers in Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh. It was a cross-sectional descriptive type of study which was conducted at Cox’s Bazar brick field with participation of 126 randomly selected brick field workers who were working in the selected brick field for more than a year. For this study, their food habit and health profile data were collected and data was analyzed using SPSS software. Brickfield workers work under high physical and biomechanical pressure for a long time (8-9 hours). Among all the 126 workers, protein consumption was found very poor and most of the workers usually skipped their breakfast. Majority of them were suffering from back pain and many of them had muscle pain, weakness and common cold. Overall Key aspects derived from the study. Example, Overall, 2 in 10 workers consumed protein rich food regularly and two-fifth of them were suffering from back pain due to heavy workload. The workers should be provided food and health service for their better nutrition and health condition so that some decent work can be ensured.

 Keywords: Food habit, health problems, brick field workers, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh.

 

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Title: Food habit and health problems among brick field workers in Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh
Author: Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Omar Ali, Suparna Das Toma, Minhaj Uddin, & Mohammed Syful Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5342066
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 26/08/2021
Date of Publication: 31/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/809.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 112-117
First Page: 112
Last Page: 117
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan, Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Omar Ali, Suparna Das Toma, Minhaj Uddin, & Mohammed Syful Islam (2021). Food habit and health problems among brick field workers in Cox’s Bazar district, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 112-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5342066

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/809.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abu Ansar Md. Rizwan (corresponding author), Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Mohammad Shamsul Huda, Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Abdul Mazid Azad, Save the Children, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Omar Ali, Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Suparna Das Toma, Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Minhaj Uddin, Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Mohammed Syful Islam, Social Assistance & Rehabilitation for the Physically Vulnerable (SARPV), Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5342066

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A comparative analysis of the results of financial liberalization in Central European countries: 1991-2020 Usman Ghani & Md Kamal Hossain

A comparative analysis of the results of financial liberalization in Central European countries: 1991-2020

Author (s)

Usman Ghani & Md Kamal Hossain

Abstract

­

This article builds understanding upon the financial liberalization as financial intervention that influences upon the monetary fiscal, corporate factors of overall economic policy setups. Based on considerations for financial liberalization in Central European countries for the period of 1991-2020, this article discusses the impact of financial liberalization for the countries of central Europe which includes Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, (referred hereafter as CECs). The main aim of this study is to explain the impact of financial liberalization on financial portfolios based upon the discussion of financial liberalization in Central European region taking in account several financial liberalization and integration measures for the period of 1991-2020 with many evident global financial trends and indexes. Capital inflows, successful reforms in the banking sector, financial sector leniency for cash inflows, financial regulation and the impacts of these measures (as a result of financial liberalization) upon the overall economic development are vital auras of the discussion in this paper. These impressions are supported by the descriptive data from financial databases regarding measures of financial liberalization.

 Keywords: Financial Liberalization, Fiscal and Monetary Policies, Central European Countries, Economic Reforms, Financial liberalization Measures.

 

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Title: A comparative analysis of the results of financial liberalization in Central European countries: 1991-2020
Author: Usman Ghani & Md Kamal Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5341602
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 20/08/2021
Date of Publication: 31/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/808.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 95-111
First Page: 95
Last Page: 111
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Usman Ghani & Md Kamal Hossain (2021). A comparative analysis of the results of financial liberalization in Central European countries: 1991-2020. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 95-111. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5341602

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/808.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Usman Ghani, PhD (Management) Széchenyi István University, Győr, Hungary.

Md Kamal Hossain, PhD (Management) Széchenyi István University, Győr, Hungary.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5341602

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Investigating the Effect of the Service Quality Attributes on Diner Satisfaction and Post-dining Behavioral Intention in the Chinese Restaurant Setting Most. Sharmin Sultana & Niu Xiongying

Investigating the Effect of the Service Quality Attributes on Diner Satisfaction and Post-dining Behavioral Intention in the Chinese Restaurant Setting

Author (s)

Most. Sharmin Sultana & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

­In the setting of a Chinese restaurant in Bangladesh, the current study seeks to investigate the influence of three service quality indicators on diners’ satisfaction and the impact of satisfaction on customers’ behavioral intention. The author utilized an online survey to obtain primary data from 212 customers who had eating experience in a Chinese restaurant in Bangladesh for the aim of the study. The gathered data was analyzed using SPSS version 22. Reliability analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation, multiple regression analysis, and hypothesis testing were among the statistical methods utilized. The findings show that three aspects of service quality (food, atmosphere, and employee service) have a positive and substantial impact on diners’ satisfaction, and that diners’ contentment has a strong positive impact on their behavioral intentions. Both conceptually and practically, the research findings are significant. The findings might help restaurant management improve customer happiness and behavior intention (e.g. positive loyalty, WOM, and revisit intention).

 Keywords: Service quality attributes (food, atmospherics, and employee service), Diner satisfaction, Post-dining behavioral intention, Chinese restaurant, Bangladesh.

 

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Title: Investigating the Effect of the Service Quality Attributes on Diner Satisfaction and Post-dining Behavioral Intention in the Chinese Restaurant Setting
Author: Most. Sharmin Sultana & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5282091
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 25/08/2021
Date of Publication: 27/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/807.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 84-94
First Page: 84
Last Page: 94
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Most. Sharmin Sultana & Niu Xiongying (2021). Investigating the Effect of the Service Quality Attributes on Diner Satisfaction and Post-dining Behavioral Intention in the Chinese Restaurant Setting. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 84-94. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5282091

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/807.pdf

About Author (s)

Most. Sharmin Sultana (corresponding author), PhD Fellow, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, 100029, P.R. China. And Assistant Professor, Department of Marketing, University of Barishal, Barishal, Bangladesh. E-mail: shakhibu@yahoo.com

Dr. Niu Xiongying, Professor, Business school, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, 100029, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5282091

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The significant roles of human resource Management Policy Implementation on the Employees Performance in the Public Universities in South Sudan: A Case of University of Juba (UOJ) Jacob Dut Atem Malek

The significant roles of human resource Management Policy Implementation on the Employees Performance in the Public Universities in South Sudan: A Case of University of Juba (UOJ)

Author (s)

Jacob Dut Atem Malek

Abstract

­The study’s goal was to look at the roles of human resource management policy implementation and performance in South Sudanese public universities, namely the University of Juba. A total of 100 populations were included in the study, with an 80-person sample size. Employees were chosen using a stratified random sampling method. Data was collected using a standardized questionnaire that has been verified. Inferential and descriptive. This study achieved its main goal using a mixed methodological approach that combined qualitative research with quantitative approaches to describe the target. Using the SPSS statistical tool for social research, the data was processed and shown in tables with frequencies and percentages, as well as graphs. According to the study’s findings, there is a relationship between the application of Human Resource policies and performance. The University of Juba should hire people based on their competency, according to the findings of this study. It was also revealed that the University does not provide training to its staff on every new technology that is introduced. The study concluded that the importance of HRM policy implementation has critical effects on the performance of public universities, and that HRM practices should be carried out in the most efficient and effective manner for maximum performance in the university industry. It is important to note that HRM policies have a high degree of positive influence on universities that can produce success and positive result for the sector. It was suggested that the University of Juba’s administration award and acknowledge its employees in order to inspire them and make them happy in their jobs.

 Keywords: Innovative capability, Knowledge sharing, knowledge absorptive capability, industrial park.

 

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Title: The significant roles of human resource Management Policy Implementation on the Employees Performance in the Public Universities in South Sudan: A Case of University of Juba (UOJ)
Author: Jacob Dut Atem Malek
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5281847
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 21/08/2021
Date of Publication: 27/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/806.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 60-83
First Page: 60
Last Page: 83
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Jacob Dut Atem Malek (2021). The Significance roles of Human Resource Management Policy Implementation on the Employees Performance in the Public Universities in South Sudan: A Case of University of Juba (UOJ). International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 60-83. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5281847

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/806.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jacob Dut Atem Malek, lecturer and registrar at school of Business & Management University of Juba, South Sudan.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5281847

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Enhanced Quality Service Assurance System: A Better Approach to Service Delivery Omaka Samuel D., Onwudebelu Ugochukwu, Henry A. Okemiri, Achi Ifeanyi I & Richard-Nnabu Nneka

Enhanced Quality Service Assurance System: A Better Approach to Service Delivery

Author (s)

Omaka Samuel D., Onwudebelu Ugochukwu, Henry A. Okemiri, Achi Ifeanyi I & Richard-Nnabu Nneka

Abstract

This work examines the need for enhancing the quality service assurance system of Servicom Nigeria and as well provides a model applicable in all area in quality service assurance. In other for customers report service failure to be reported just at the point of failure, we took advantage of the power of mobile application revolution, building a mobile complaint application that run on android. Data confidentiality, interactive feedback mechanism, easy complaint and transparency issues related to the old system are the major issues resolved by the new system using an android mobile application to interface between customers and the Servicom office. It also provides an administrative end for the Servicom office to receive and manage complaints from customers at different levels of offices in the Servicom Nigeria. These were done to enhance and improve the efficiency of customer complaints model and therefore enhancing the quality assurance system of Servicom Nigeria.

Key words: Quality Service Assurance, Security, Servicom, Confidentiality, Data Security.

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Title: Enhanced Quality Service Assurance System: A Better Approach to Service Delivery
Author:

Omaka Samuel D., Onwudebelu Ugochukwu, Henry A. Okemiri, Achi Ifeanyi I & Richard-Nnabu Nneka

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5256090
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 19/08/2021
Date of Publication: 25/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1017.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 51-68
First Page: 51
Last Page: 68
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Omaka Samuel, Onwudebelu Ugochukwu, Okemiri Henry Anayo, Achi Ifeanyi I & Richard-Nnabu Nneka  (2021). Enhanced Quality Service Assurance System: A Better Approach to Service Delivery. Journal of Scientific Reports, 3(1), 51-68. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5256090

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1017.pdf

About Author (s)

Omaka Samuel D., Department of Computer Science/Informatics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Onwudebelu Ugochukwu, Department of Computer Science/Informatics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Okemiri Henry Anayo (corresponding author), Department of Computer Science/Informatics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Achi Ifeanyi I, Department of Computer Science/Informatics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.  

Richard-Nnabu Nneka, Department of Computer Science/Informatics, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.  

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5256090

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Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid

Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid

Abstract

­Internet of Things (IoT) has grown quickly and receives considerable interest in academia and the market. However, the absence of basic technologies in protection leads to risks and security flaws in IoT privacy. IoT technologies vary from a mission-critical predicament to business-oriented applications (for example, smart grid networks, smart mobility systems, video monitoring, and eHealth) (e.g., Banking, transportation and contract law insurance) (Askar et al., 2011; Al Majeed et al, 2014). Comprehensive security support is required for IoT, particularly for task-critical applications and for business applications downstream. There have been proposals and/or utilizations of some safety methods or approaches. The platform blockchain has been suggested as an outsourced and distributed solution to guarantee protection standards and to motivate the growth of the IoT due to its decentralization and disclosure. A Blockchain is a database that store sequential manner, in multiple machine memories faulty to its opponents, any processed transactions – or records. Both participating customers share these purchases. The details shall not be stored as a public directory; each node user or device is equipped with the same directory as any other node user. In this article, present the basic blockchain structure and outline the safety criteria for developing IoT and then discuss how the IoT using’s protection tools and technologies can be used via BC. Also identify the most pertinent IoT technology frameworks based on blockchain. In addition, reviewing numbers of researches provides securing IoT based on BC finally, discuss several challenges will face of IoT and BC.

 Keywords: Blockchain, IoT, Security, cryptocurrency, 5G, blockchain security.

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Title: Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222704
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/757.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 209-224
First Page: 209
Last Page: 224
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Tarik A. Rashid (2021). Blockchain For Securing IoT Devices: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 209-224. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222704

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/757.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

Zhwan Mohammed Khalid, Raparin University, Sulaimany, Iraq. Email: eng.zhwan90@uor.edu.krd.

Tarik A. Rashid, Professor, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hawler, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222704

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Deep Learning and Fog Computing: A Review Shavan Askar, Zhala Jameel Hamad, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Deep Learning and Fog Computing: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Zhala Jameel Hamad, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Abstract

­Fog computing (FC) is a new architecture that aims to reduce network pressures throughout the core network as well as the cloud computing (CC) by bringing resource-intensive functions like computation, analytics, connectivity, also storage, nearest to the clients. In their operations, FC systems can make use of intelligence features to reap the benefits of data that is readily accessible with computing resources to be able to resolve the problem of excessive energy use with power for Internet-of-Things (IoT) apps that require speed. It generates large volumes of data, prompting the creation of a growing number of FC apps and services. Furthermore, Deep Learning (DL), an important field, has made significant progress in a variety of research areas, including robotics, face recognition, neuromorphic computing, decision-making, computer graphics, and speech recognition. Several studies have been suggested to look at how to use DL to solve FC issues. DL has become more common these days to improve FC apps as well as provide fog services such as security, resource management, accuracy, delay, and energy reduction, cost, data processing, and traffic modeling. The current review paper will focus on how to provide an overview of DL functions throughout the FC sector. The DL implementation for FC has evolved into powerful clients with services at the highest level, allowing for deeper analytics and mission answers that are more intelligent.

 Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, fog computing.

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Title: Deep Learning and Fog Computing: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Zhala Jameel Hamad, Shahab Wahhab Kareem
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222647
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/756.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 197-208
First Page: 197
Last Page: 208
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Zhala Jameel Hamad, Shahab Wahhab Kareem (2021). Deep Learning and Fog Computing: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 197-208. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222647

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/756.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, College of Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq

Zhala Jameel Hamad, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: zhalla.mei20@epu.edu.iq

Shahab Wahhab Kareem, Lecturer, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222647

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Fog Computing Based IoT System: A Review Shavan Askar, Kurdistan Ali, Tarik A. Rashid

Fog Computing Based IoT System: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Kurdistan Ali, Tarik A. Rashid

Abstract

­Due to the rapid accelerated development of IoT technologies, the traditional generation cloud computing model is faced with a range of problems, including high latency, low bandwidth, and network problems. Fog computing is a new promising feature that enables legitimate cloud application services will be provided close to something like the physical IoT device at the edge devices rather than in the cloud. It’s a layer that lies between the cloud and the Iot. computers that enables unified internet-based computing. How about sending IoT information to the cloud, the fog processes and stores it remotely at IoT computers. The fog in comparison to the cloud, offers resources that are more sensitive and of higher quality. As a result, fog computing could be the best option for enabling the IoT to deliver effective and reliable services to a huge number of IoT clients. After that, we’ll go over some of the literature and outline the findings.

 Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, fog computing.

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Title: Fog Computing Based IoT System: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Kurdistan Ali, Tarik A. Rashid
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222392
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/755.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 183-196
First Page: 183
Last Page: 196
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Kurdistan Ali, Tarik A. Rashid (2021). Fog Computing Based IoT system: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 183-196. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5222392

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/755.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, College of Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq

Kurdistan Ali, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq, Kurdistan. Email: hamaali@epu.edu.iq.

Tarik A. Rashid, Professor, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hawler, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222392

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Deep learning Utilization in SDN Networks: A Review Shavan Askar, Kosrat Dlshad Ahmed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Deep learning Utilization in SDN Networks: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Kosrat Dlshad Ahmed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Abstract

­

The contexts of SDN or Software Defined Network deliver increased level of programmable and functionality within the network development, network configuration and development of the dynamic management in the software protocol. SDN concept also provides centralized management and development approach for the network selection, network control and data plans. In this paper, different deep learning models and technical processes for the SDN networks have been reviewed.

 Keywords: Deep Leaning, Machine Learning, Cyber Security, Internet of Things, Privacy, Cyber Security.

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Title: Deep learning Utilization in SDN Networks: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Kosrat Dlshad Ahmed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222205
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/754.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 174-182
First Page: 174
Last Page: 182
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Kosrat Dlshad Ahmed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem (2021). Deep learning Utilization in SDN Networks: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 174-182. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222205

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/754.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Teleco, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

Kosrat Dlshad Ahmed, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: kosrat.ahmed@epu.edu.iq.

Shahab Wahhab Kareem, Lecturer, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5222205

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Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Abstract

­A basic blockchain system is characterized as the ordered list for the used nodes and links where these nodes are entitled for storing information and chains connect these links. This technology mainly facilitates the development and management of the availability for the publicly available and required resources and ledger of transactions. This technology also supports the development of the cryptocurrency-based operation and performance evaluation for the technological management. This paper has analyzed different components of Blockchain concepts and evaluated the potential development, structural components, risks, applications within the present-day technological world.

 Keywords: Blockchain, Cryptocurrency, Ethereum, database, Blockchain systems.

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Title: Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks
Author: Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221972
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/753.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 163-173
First Page: 163
Last Page: 173
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Shahab Wahhab Kareem (2021). Blockchain systems: analysis, applications, & risks. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 163-173. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221972

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/753.pdf

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, College of Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq.

Ibrahim Shamal Abdulkhaleq, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

Shahab Wahhab Kareem, Lecturer, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221972

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SDN Based 5G VANET: A Review Shavan Askar, Glena Aziz Qadir, Tarik A. Rashid

SDN Based 5G VANET: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Glena Aziz Qadir, Tarik A. Rashid

Abstract

­After 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G technologies, 5G is a modern wireless system. 5G provides for the development of a modern form of network which connects virtually everyone and everything including computers, items, vehicles, and smartphones. VANETs marked as a critical infrastructure which can offer a wide range of facilities, including traffic control, accident prevention, and travel ease and comfort. VANETs are now being suggested as a primary enabler of the future fifth generation system, when combined with SDN. Using SDN-Based 5G VANETs Provide low latency, high bandwidth, Longer connectivity without failure, and support a greater number of users. In this paper we will describe how generations are developed and what are the differences between them. The main characteristics of using SDN based 5G VANET are discussed. Also, we describe four main attacks of SDN- VANET on security and security services that provided by SDN based 5G VANET. In addition, challenges and needs of SDN based 5G VANETS will be discussed. Then we will review some literatures then summarize their results. Finally, we will conclude the paper.

 Keywords: 5G, SDN-VANET, performance, security, smartphone.

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Title: SDN Based 5G VANET: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Glena Aziz Qadir, Tarik A. Rashid
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221874
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/752.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 148-162
First Page: 148
Last Page: 162
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Glena Aziz Qadir, Tarik A. Rashid (2021). SDN Based 5G VANET: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 148-162. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221874

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/752.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, College of Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq

Glena Aziz Qadir,  Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: glena.mei20@epu.edu.iq.

Tarik A. Rashid, Professor, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hawler, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221874

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Deep Learning in IoT systems: A Review Shavan Askar, Chnar Mustafa Mohammed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

Deep Learning in IoT systems: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Chnar Mustafa Mohammed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem

 

Abstract

­The expansion of the internet, along with its interconnection of devices has made it possible to increase the world’s interconnectedness in these days, with the growth in internet connectivity capabilities and quality, a lot of items are interconnected, which means they communicate with each other using new and powerful techniques. Innovative sensor systems are spreading their consumers are strongly connected to the internet. The growth of linked sensors and systems has an incremental impact on the quantity of data. Regardless of its purpose, it is accumulating whole data. The Internet of Things (IoT) has a practical use for industries such as obtaining field data, tracking it and keeping them, all connected. To imitate the human intelligence level, the machine or software is made smarter by using advanced deep learning. In the paper, several diverse types of IoT technologies will be referenced, including intelligent cities, smart health care, mobility networks, and educational systems, among others. In addition, a range of novel deep learning algorithms that were implemented to simplify the intelligent usage of the machines without involving human control has been reviewed and good results of each algorithm in different categories are demonstrated as a table of comparison. This paper gives an overview of the applications that need to combine deep learning to serve IoT applications in an efficient and automated manner.

 Keywords: Internet of Things (IoT), Deep Learning (DL), IoT Applications, Challenges, DL Algorithms, DL Platforms.

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Title: Deep Learning in IoT systems: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Chnar Mustafa Mohammed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221646
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/751.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 131-147
First Page: 131
Last Page: 147
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Chnar Mustafa Muhammed, Shahab Wahhab Kareem (2021). Deep Learning in IoT systems: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 131-147. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221646

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/751.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Telecom, College of Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq

Chnar Mustaf Mohammed, Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

Shahab Wahhab Kareem, Lecturer, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221646

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SDN Based Fog Computing: A Review Shavan Askar, Baydaa Hassan Husain, Tarik A. Rashid

SDN Based Fog Computing: A Review

Author (s)

Shavan Askar, Baydaa Hassan Husain, Tarik A. Rashid

Abstract

­

Fog Computing (FC) is a system that connects cloud computing (CC) with the Internet of Things (IoT). It contributes to easier data transfer between cloud and IoT servers as it makes them closer to each other. FC effectively replaces the services, such as applications and information, at or near the cloud. This limits the bandwidth consumption, decreases delay and facilitates maximum network reliability since the data must not be transmitted to its intended destination or travel long distances. While Software Defined Networking (SDN) is a network engineering technique that permits network control and ‘programming’ through software applications in an intelligent and centralized way. It is a technology that provides greater programming and flexibility for networks by the separation of the control plane from the data plane. The software-based networks will respond to changes effectively in CC. The SDN presidency increases the efficiency of network setup and enhances network performance and reporting. To improve network efficiency, SDN can be built into FC. In this paper, we first defined FC and touched on its architecture and benefits, relying on the sources of previous studies. Secondly, we defined SDN and explained its components in detail with its method of operation, its benefits, and its impact on networks, and then we presented the method of combining the SDN with FC and the benefits of that. Finally, after relying on a large number of previous researches, we presented some applications that use these two methods together. The results were all indicating improvement in the work of networks in the various applications that were integrated between SDN and FC.

 Keywords: Fog Computing (FC), Internet of Things (IoT), Software-Defined networking (SDN).

 

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Title: SDN Based Fog Computing: A Review
Author: Shavan Askar, Baydaa Hassan Husain, Tarik A. Rashid
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221036
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 29/05/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/750.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 117-130
First Page: 117
Last Page: 130
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shavan Askar, Baydaa Hassan Husain, Tarik A. Rashid (2021). SDN Based Fog Computing: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 117-130. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221036

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/750.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shavan Askar (Corresponding Author), Assistant Professor, CEO of Arcella Teleocm, College of Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University,  Erbil, Iraq. Email: shavan.askar@epu.edu.iq

Baydaa Hassan Husain,  Information System Engineering, Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq. Email: baydaa.mei20@epu.edu.iq.

Tarik A. Rashid, Professor, Computer Science and Engineering, University of Kurdistan Hawler, Erbil, Iraq.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5221036

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Measuring Performance of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh Using Financial Inclusion Index Md. Main Uddin Ahammed

Measuring Performance of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh Using Financial Inclusion Index

Author (s)

Md. Main Uddin Ahammed

Abstract

­The target of the study was to measure the performance of commercial banks using an index of financial inclusion (FII). Time series data about eight indicators of commercial banks have been used for the desired purpose. The study used both indicators indices (d1, d2, d3, d4, d5, d6, d7, d8), and dimensions indices (D1, D2, D3) to form the financial inclusion index (FII). The variables used are deposit accounts, loan accounts, branches of banks, ATMs, outstanding deposits as % of GDP, and outstanding loan as % of GDP. Performance of commercial banks is increasing over time as a whole based on all indicators, except in outstanding deposits as % of GDP (d7) which has downward trend since 2015. Based on the index of financial inclusion of commercial banks, Bangladesh entered into medium level of financial inclusion in 2010 and high level of financial inclusion in 2015. Rather establishing new banks in the economy, Bangladesh needed to expand banking services to people through establishment of new branches of existing banks, ATMs, and agent banking outlets to ensure the financial inclusion of unbanked people.

 Keywords: measurement, performance, commercial banks, financial inclusion, financial inclusion index.

 

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Title: Measuring Performance of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh Using Financial Inclusion Index
Author: Md. Main Uddin Ahammed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5220847
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 18/08/2021
Date of Publication: 19/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/805.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 51-59
First Page: 51
Last Page: 59
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Main Uddin Ahammed (2021). Measuring Performance of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh Using Financial Inclusion Index. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 51-59. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5220847

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/805.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Main Uddin Ahammed, Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Email: mainhstu88@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5220847

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Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif

Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond:

Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities

Author (s)

Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif

Abstract

­

This paper has been explored on women’s participation in household decision-making in contrast to their male partner’s international migration. This paper also focuses on women’s adaptive mechanisms in the case of attaining and doing social, including the decision regarding kinship relation maintain both blood relations and marital relations. Also, it focuses on participation in various symbolic activities, religious and social festivals and rituals, encountering psycho-social crisis within the family and its beyond and economic activities, including managing the household, income-generating activities, investing money, and consumption pattern. The findings of this study were generated from the village Qadirpur in Comilla district in Bangladesh. The researchers collected primary data by employing qualitative tools and techniques of data collection, including observation, participant observation, case study, informal interview, and key informant interview method of doing ethnographic fieldwork. The timeframe of this study is February 2017 to November 2017. The researchers collected data from the respondents of migrant’s families. The respondents were selected by the purposive sampling method and intended to collect data and information from the migrants’ family members only. Finally, this study’s findings claim that women in the studied village opine a new dimension of empowerment beyond the orthodox view of women empowerment both homestead and its outside also. However, this can be acted as an alternative model of women’s empowerment in the rural area.

 Keywords: Adaptation, gender, empowerment, migration, kinship, household.

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Title: Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities
Author: Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 03/08/2021
Date of Publication: 14/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/736.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 183-189
First Page: 183
Last Page: 189
Paper Type: Case study
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Asaduzzaman & Asif Ekbal Arif (2021). Men’s Migration and Women’s Participation within Household and Its Beyond: Interpreting Their Adaptation Strategies in Social and Economic Activities. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 183-189. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/736.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Asaduzzaman, Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, Comilla University, Bangladesh.

Asif Ekbal Arif (corresponding author), Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Bangladesh. Email: dm.aekbalarif@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5201474

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Adoption of hybrid rice cultivation : A case study of Joypurhat district, Bangladesh Mamun Ahmed & S M Atiar Rahman

Adoption of hybrid rice cultivation : A case study of Joypurhat district, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Mamun Ahmed & S M Atiar Rahman

Abstract

­

This study aims to determine the factors of adopting hybrid rice cultivation in Bangladesh using Probit model. It is conducted through collecting data from the primary sources following random sampling technique. To identify the determinants hybrid rice adoption by applying Probit model, the proportion of hybrid rice area under all rice varieties is used as dependent variable, whereas some specific variables which may affect the hybrid rice cultivation are used as independent variables. The result of Probit model shows that age, education, agricultural extension department, BADC, NGO, and company are positively significant factors in encouraging hybrid rice adoption. In the opposite, farm size and the source of information are significant but negatively related to adoption of hybrid rice cultivation in Bangladesh. This study may provide great insights to the policy makers and agro-researchers to take the right initiatives for expanding hybrid rice cultivation, thus, contributing effectively to achieve the targets of sustainable development goals – like making hunger free country.

 Keywords: Hybrid rice, Adoption, Probit Model, case study, cultivation, Survey.

 

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Title: Adoption of hybrid rice cultivation : A case study of Joypurhat district, Bangladesh
Author: Mamun Ahmed & S M Atiar Rahman
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5186452
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 03/08/2021
Date of Publication: 12/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/804.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 41-50
First Page: 41
Last Page: 50
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Mamun Ahmed & S M Atiar Rahman (2021). Adoption of hybrid rice cultivation in Bangladesh: A case study of Joypurhat district, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 41-50. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5186452

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/804.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Mamun Ahmed (corresponding author), Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Bhawal Badre Alam Government College, Gazipur, Bangladesh.  Email: milon503413@yahoo.com

Dr. S M Atiar Rahman, Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Meherpur Government Mahila College, Meherpur Bangladesh. Email: prioatiar@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5186452

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Influence of Accounting Information on Managerial Decision Making Case of Local Commercial Banks in South Sudan Majak Michael Chol & Anthony Duku

Influence of Accounting Information on Managerial Decision Making Case of Local Commercial Banks in South Sudan

Author (s)

Majak Michael Chol & Anthony Duku

Abstract

­

The purpose of this study was to look at the impact of accounting data on managerial decision-making. The study focuses on how accounting data may be used in management decision-making and  there are any obstacles that managers encounter while making decisions. The study also aimed to figure out how accounting data influences managerial decisions. A descriptive survey research approach was used in this study. Local Commercial Banks in Juba, South Sudan, were used for the research. A total of 80 people were selected as part of the sample. The data for the study was obtained using both primary and secondary data sources. Questionnaires and interviews were the primary data collecting methods. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 16.0) software was used to analyze the data, with the “distribution tables displaying Frequencies, Percentages, and graphs” being used in particular. Tables were used to display the findings. The majority of employees at local commercial banks claimed that accounting information is critical in management decision making, and the study also discovered that accounting information of high quality may lead to excellent decision making. The study recommends that accounting information be kept well for future managerial decision making, that managers who are interested in accounting information should have knowledge of accounting principles, that the interpretation of accounting information requires a higher level of accounting knowledge, that knowledge and skills are required, and that the accounting section be well staffed. In terms of practical implications, the study’s goal was to contribute to academic disciplines and recognize the importance of accounting data in management decision-making.

 Keywords: Accounting Information, Managerial Decision Making, accounting knowledge Local Commercial Banks, South Sudan.

 

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Title: Influence of Accounting Information on Managerial Decision Making Case of Local Commercial Banks in South Sudan
Author: Majak Michael Chol & Anthony Duku
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5172166
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 26/07/2021
Date of Publication: 09/08/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/803.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 26-40
First Page: 26
Last Page: 40
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Majak Michael Chol & Anthony Duku (2021). Influence of Accounting Information on Managerial Decision Making Case of Local Commercial Banks in South Sudan. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 26-40. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5172166

 

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/803.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Majak Michael Chol (corresponding author), Msc in Accounting & Finance & PGD-AF) University of Juba, South Sudan.

Dr. Anthony Duku, PhD (Corresponding author), Deputy Dean, School of Business & Management, University of Juba, South Sudan.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5172166

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A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan

A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan

Abstract

­Large-scale mass poisoning through arsenic contaminated groundwater is a global concern and Bangladesh is among the countries exposed to high concentrations of arsenic in groundwater. As arsenic is a widespread contaminant, several studies have been conducted on it but only a few of these studies were held on micro regions by assessing its role on water quality index. In this study, the source and mobilization of arsenic, its effect on soil and plant, level and consequence of toxicity in human health along with current and potential methods to eliminate arsenic from groundwater in Bangladesh were reviewed based on previous researches. Along with the review, an experimental study was also carried out in an arsenic prone region of Bangladesh named Faridpur Sadar Upazila to delineate the role of arsenic in contamination by generating two synthetic scenarios where water quality was measured by the weighted arithmetic water quality index (WQI) method. From the review it was found that, both geogenic, as well as anthropogenic sources, contribute to arsenic affluence in groundwater in Bangladesh. The most accepted theory states that the Himalayan is the primary geogenic source of arsenic in the Bangladesh. Arsenic arrived in the aquifer transported with sediments which eventually releases into groundwater by several biogeochemical processes. This arsenic-contaminated groundwater is extensively used for drinking purpose and irrigation resulting in accumulation of arsenic in human body, soils and plants.  Moreover, the accumulated arsenic in soil and plants transmits into the human body jeopardizes human health. Though, several arsenic removal technologies are now in practice in Bangladesh, more eco-friendly and convenient methods may be utilized to attenuate the level of toxicity.  The experimental study revealed that, if the arsenic amount was reduced from the present condition, the overall WQI increases considerably. At one location, the index changed from category E to category B while considering a synthetic scenario of no arsenic in water. This indicates that arsenic is the key pollutant of groundwater in the area. This paper expects the kind attention of the local people and policymakers about the severity of arsenic pollution in the region.

 Keywords: Arsenic, Water Quality Index (WQI), Drinking Water, Water Contamination, Source and Health Impact, Bangladesh.

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Title: A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh
Author: Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5144547
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2021
Date of Publication: 29/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/800.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 305-328
First Page: 305
Last Page: 328
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Anika Tahsin & Md. Aminul Islam Khan (2021). A review of arsenic contamination and evaluation of its role by water quality index in Faridpur Sadar Upazila, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 305-328. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5144547

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/800.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Anika Tahsin, Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

Md. Aminul Islam Khan (corresponding author), Institute of Water and Flood Management, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh. Email: aminulislam381@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5144547

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Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil & Rolf Meyer

Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East

Author (s)

Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil &  Rolf Meyer

Abstract

­Social business hubs play an important role in facilitating social innovation and support social entrepreneurs to deliver social benefits to the wider community. This paper aims to firstly identify and evaluate the key success factors of social business hubs in the Middle East with the focus on Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq, secondly, identify what successful social hubs offer, and thirdly, identify the challenges facing social business hubs in the region. In-depth interviews with eight social business hub managers were conducted using a pre-designed questionnaire. The findings were interesting and meaningful and show the impact severity of the COVID-19 pandemic on the infrastructure of the social business hubs. Networking and collaboration seem to be the predominant success factor for social business hubs. Finally, we observe that social business hubs in the region are facing many challenges; the main two are lack of government support and funding issues.

 Keywords: Success factors, business model innovation, social innovation, social hub and social incubator, accelerator.

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Title: Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East
Author: Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil &  Rolf Meyer
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5140107
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2021
Date of Publication: 27/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/799.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 289-304
First Page: 289
Last Page: 304
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Mahmoud Al-Kilani, Arie Hans Verkuil &  Rolf Meyer (2021). Evaluating the Key Success Factors of Social Business Hubs in the Middle East. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 289-304. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5140107

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/799.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mahmoud Al-Kilani (corresponding author), School of Business, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), CH – 5210 Windsch, Switzerland. Tel: +41 56 202 7297. Email: Mahmoud.alkilani@fhnw.ch.

Arie Hans Verkuil, School of Business, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), CH – 5210 Windisch, Switzerland. Tel: +41 56 202 7297. Email: arie.verkuil@fhnw.ch.

Rolf Meyer, School of Business, University of Applied Sciences and Arts Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), CH – 4600 Olten, Switzerland. Tel: +41 62 957 2356. Email: rolf.meyer@fhnw.ch.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5140107

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Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad; Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm

Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes

Author (s)

Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad; Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm

Abstract

­The study begins with four hypotheses, the first one relates to the significance of managing human resources within the organization; the second one relates to information, which has become the most important source from which human resources derive their strength. The fourth hypothesis concerns the contribution to the adaptation and adaptation of technological changes of the strategic human resources management. This study sought to highlight the role of strategic human resources management in view of technological changes as institutions adapt to technological changes. A number of results have been found, including: The strategy on human resources is part and parcel of the strategy of the organization. Thus, the human resources management functions and practices are all in the service of other strategies of departments. The profound change in people in organizations because of the transition from people management to human resources management, taking the human element into consideration as an important factor in the organization and calling for the optimum administration of human resources in various levels and activities.

 Keywords: human resources, strategic management, technological changes, management function, technological changes.

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Title: Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes
Author: Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad; Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5115472
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 14/07/2021
Date of Publication: 120/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/798.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 278-288
First Page: 278
Last Page: 288
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Al-Mafrachi, mustafa saad, Aboura, Enas Hussein & Abed, Hanaa Najm (2021). Strategic Management of Human Resources in light of Technological changes. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 278-288. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5115472

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/798.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Al-Mafrachi, Mustafa Saad (corresponding author), The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania. Email: mustafa3.saad@gmail.com

Aboura, Enas Hussein, The Bucharest University Of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania

Abed, Hanaa Najm, University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5115472

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Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou

Abstract

­

In this paper, we attempted to test whether the governance has a positive impact on the structural change in SSA or not.  For the cause, we used the six indexes of the Institutional Quality namely Government Effectiveness, Rule of Law, Control of Corruption, Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism, Regulatory Quality, Voice of Accountability to see their impact on the structural change in SSA. We use 46 SSA countries from worldwide governance indicator of World Bank from 1996 to 2016 in a Generalized Method of Moment and Generalized Least Square regressions. The results show that only the Government Effectiveness is positively affecting the value added (proxy of structural change) of three sectors (agriculture, industry and service) of the SSA economies.   Some affect positively one sector and negatively another sector, while the rest are insignificant for one sector and negative for other as example. Our results show that more efforts need to be done for the betterment of the institutional quality considering each sector’s particularity.

 Keywords: Structural change, Growth, SSA, Governance, Value Added, GLS, GMM.

 

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Title: Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author: Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2021
Date of Publication: 16/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/797.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 260-277
First Page: 260
Last Page: 277
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline & Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou (2021). Empirical Study of the Impact of Governance on Economic Structural Change: Evidence from Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 260-277. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/797.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Afolabi Tunde Ahmed, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. Email: sirdanielstro12@yahoo.fr

Tsimisaraka Raymondo Sandra  Marcelline (corresponding author), University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.  Email: raymondosandra@163.com

Sabi Couscous Mouhamadou Nazirou, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, China. Email:naziroucouscous@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109243

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Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District Nasrin Naher Bithe, Elora Ferdous Ela & Md. Shamsuddin Sarker

Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District

Author (s)

Nasrin Naher Bithe, Elora Ferdous Ela & Md. Shamsuddin Sarker

Abstract

­

Bangladesh has been taken into consideration as a climate vulnerable country and the impacts of climate change increase threats of adverse condition in agricultural production. This study is primarily based on assessing farmer’s adaptive capacities to adaptation techniques, its determinants and problems of taking adaptations. It’s an empirical study that is conducted on the basis of 100 mango producers lived in the Chapai Nawabganj district. Adaptive Capacity Index (ACI) is utilized to calculate the adaptive capacity of farmers and using Multiple Regression Model (MRM) the determinants of adaptive capacities are identified based on OLS method. Another comprehensive index called Problem Confrontation Index (PCI) is also applied to rank the problems confronted by farmers to take adaptation techniques. The findings of this study reveal that farmer’s average adaptive capacity is moderate in degree in the study area which is 0.64 and 73% farmers are moderate level adapters. In addition, regression analysis reveals that the variables education, training, family size and weekly mango orchard visit have significant impact on the adaptive capacities of mango producers lived in the study area. It is also found that “lack of agricultural loan” ranked top and appears to be the most intense trouble of the mango producers to take adaptation techniques in the region studied. Finally, this study suggests that government should formulate proper policy to enhance adaptive capacities of farmers in Bangladesh.

 Keywords: Climate Change, Adaptation Techniques, Mango Farmers, Agriculture, Bangladesh.

 

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Title: Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District
Author: Nasrin Naher Bithe, Elora Ferdous Ela & Md. Shamsuddin Sarker
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109213
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 13/07/2021
Date of Publication: 16/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/796.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 248-259
First Page: 248
Last Page: 259
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Bithe, N. N., Ela, E. F., & Sarker, M. S. (2021). Understanding Adaptation Techniques of Mango Producers under a Changing Climate: A Micro-Econometric Analysis from Chapai Nawabganj District. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 248-259.doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5109213

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/796.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Nasrin Naher Bithe (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Development Studies, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Email: nasrinds.hstu@gmail.com

Elora Ferdous Ela, Department of Economics, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh.

Md. Shamsuddin Sarker, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Southeast University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5109213

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Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan Chol Gabriel Majer

Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan

Author (s)

Chol Gabriel Majer

Abstract

­

The study’s overall goal is to assess the influence of conflict management on managerial performance at the Ministry of Finance and Planning, and it employs a descriptive research methodology. The study employed a sample size of 44 respondents, which included senior managers, line managers, and support workers. The respondents were selected using a simple random sampling method and purposive sampling. In this study, questionnaires were employed as the primary data gathering tool. The data gathered in the field was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 16.0, which included descriptive statistics like percentages as well as inferential statistics like frequencies percentages analyses. According to the findings of this study, the majority of respondents believe that dialogue influences conflict management and managerial performance. They also believe that involving employees in conflict resolution leads to the achievement of a mutually optimal solution, implying that using an integrating strategy to manage conflicts improves managerial performance. The study concludes that conflict management strategies and managerial performance are linked, and that the most commonly used strategies are integrating, avoiding, and obliging. It is recommended that the Ministry of Finance and Planning highlight and use at least two or one strategy to ensure objectivity.

 Keywords: Conflict, Management, Performance, Ministry of Finance and Planning, South Sudan.

 

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Title: Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan
Author: Chol Gabriel Majer
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5084122
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 06/07/2021
Date of Publication: 09/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/795.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 222-247
First Page: 222
Last Page: 247
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Chol Gabriel Majer (2021). Evaluation of the impact of Conflict Management on Managerial Performance: A Case study of the National Ministry of Finance and Planning, Juba, South Sudan. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 222-247.doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5084122

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/795.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Chol Gabriel Majer, MBA (Generic) & PGDBA, University of Juba, South Sudan.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5084122

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Industrial processing water for an increased output using control intelligent Agent Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem, & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu

Industrial processing water for an increased output using control   intelligent Agent

Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem,  & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu

Abstract

­

Water treatment is crucial for agricultural production in order to maximize its value. It is suitable for use in agriculture, construction, and advanced technologies, and new technologies, especially in the field of IT. This paper presents an intelligent rule system based on a multi-agent architecture using fuzzy logic. This paper really solves the problem of regulating the supply of cold and hot water in industry. The problem of the lack of a clear mechanism for regulating water for use in the industrial process has led to unsatisfactory results in the production capacity of the financial sector. This can be solved through the development of the accessory function, which is an analysis of the causes of problems in the management of cold and hot water used in the manufacturing industry. The design of the accessory function, which consists of detecting deviations in the amount of liquid that had to pass through the hot and cold water tanks for industrial applications and necessity. Development of a smart rule that will control the amount of liquid in hot and cold water tanks, in trains, these are rules that must strictly follow the control format and consists in creating and developing a model of the water management process to increase production using an intelligent agent. The result is an increased level of performance where the intelligent agent that was used is concerned.

 Keywords: Industrial processing, water control, increased output, intelligent agent, Defuzzification.

 

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Title: Industrial processing water for an increased output using control   intelligent Agent
Author: Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem,  & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5070521
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 04/07/2021
Date of Publication: 05/07/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/794.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 214-221
First Page: 214
Last Page: 221
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem  & Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu (2021). Industrial processing water for an increased output using control   intelligent Agent. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 214-221. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5070521

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/794.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang (corresponding author), Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria. Email: nbngang@gmail.com

Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

Bakare Kazeem, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

Ugwu Kevin Ikechukwu, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT),Enugu,Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5070521

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The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government Angela Mucece Kithinji

The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government

Author (s)

Angela Mucece Kithinji

Abstract

­

Many developing countries have high levels of public debt many of which do not have sufficient resources to meet the public debt obligations. The Kenya government has reported high debt levels the debt levels of which do not assume a downward trend but instead continue escalating from one year to another while not downplaying the role of the its huge expenditure. The major concern is whether some developing countries such as the Kenya government should raise more of foreign debt which is cheaper in terms of interest costs while adhering to the conditionality of lending countries or whether the country should borrow domestically despite the higher interest costs. It was thus feasible to establish the influence of the composition of the Kenya public debt and government expenditure on the country’s economic growth. The study employed a causal research design. The period under study ranged from 2002 to 2017. The study used secondary data which was extracted from the National Bureau of Statistics, and National Economic Surveys which were available at the Government of Kenya website. Descriptive statistics was used to test the magnitude of the study variables. Regression analysis was used to establish the effect of public debt composition and government expenditure on economic growth in Kenya. The study established that both public debt composition and government expenditure had significant effect on economic growth of the country when tested individually. However, the findings further revealed that on the combined effect of the two independent variables, only government expenditure was found to influence economic growth unlike domestic public debt. The study therefore recommended that the government of Kenya should take precautions when engaging borrowing domestically and by extension in any form of borrowing.

 Keywords: Public Debt Composition, Government Expenditure, Economic Growth, GDP.

 

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Title: The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government
Author: Angela Mucece Kithinji
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5055817
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 27/06/2021
Date of Publication: 29/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/793.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 202-213
First Page: 202
Last Page: 213
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Angela Mucece Kithinji (2021). The Effect of Public Debt Composition and Government Expenditure on Economic Growth of Kenyan Government. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 202-213. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5055817

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/793.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Angela Mucece Kithinji, School of Business, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5055817

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Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain

Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium

Author (s)

Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain

Abstract

­The present research studies the numerical methods for resolving Bernoulli’s divisive statistical stability, because it is difficult to find analytical solutions for the largest number of stochastic divisive calculations. We found a new way for Bernoulli by adding white noise. Price measurement was achieved with a variety of selected models, and we realized through the solutions that the larger the (n) we find, the more we find the direct solution that approaches zero, and the error rate that approaches zero. The difference between a numerical solution and a direct solution has been observed.

 Keywords: Bernoulli, Numerical Solutions, Stochastic Differential Equations, Analytical Solutions, Absolute error, Exact Solution.

 

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Title: Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium
Author: Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037909
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 27/06/2021
Date of Publication: 29/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/792.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 194-201
First Page: 194
Last Page: 201
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Kawar B. Mahmood & Adil S. Husain (2021). Bernoulli’s Number One Solution for Stochastic Equilibrium. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 194-201. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5037909

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/792.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kawar Badie Mahmood (Corresponding author), Information Technology department, Amedi Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq. Email: kawar.badie@dpu.edu.krd

Adil Sufian Husain, Information Technology department, Amedi Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037909

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Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division Ayuen Bol Mathew

Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division

Author (s)

Ayuen Bol Mathew

Abstract

­

The purpose of this study was to compare the tax tariff rates utilized by the South Sudan Tax Administration to worldwide norms, analyze the problems faced by the Tax Administration in producing national income, and, finally, establish taxpayer duties. Because this was a descriptive study, both quantitative and qualitative designs were highly important. The study used secondary data, with the majority of the information coming from the South Sudan Custom Tariff Valuation Manual of the Ministry of Finance and Planning.  This study was significant in the sense that it compared tax Tariff rates used in South Sudan with the rest of the world, particularly the East Africa Region. According to the findings, the majority of the import or export duty levies on the selected items were 10% import duty on the items presented in the tables; general sale tax ranged from 15% to 18%, and business profit tax on food items ranged from 2% to 4%. The main challenges encountered by the South Sudan Tax Administration were an insufficient number of qualified Tax Officers; limited job jurisdiction; political instability/instability; economic instability; a lack of Taxpayers’ Education; a lack of staff capacity building; un-procedural recruitment; and significant tax avoidance. This study has recorded a number of limitations. Among them was insufficient data on tax tariffs in the context of South Sudan; COVID-19 restriction measures greatly influenced the data collection. The outcome of this study was to embrace and adopt the tax harmonization system to international standards. The strengthening of the Tax Administration with more power can help them to improve those challenges that affect their operations. Harmonization of tax rates on import and export goods can play a great role in revenue transformation as well as the strengthening of taxpayers. Education can embrace more revenue collection.

 Keywords: Tax Administration, Tax Tariff Rate, Import/Export, South Sudan.

 

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Title: Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division
Author: Ayuen Bol Mathew
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037106
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 23/06/2021
Date of Publication: 28/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/802.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 14-25
First Page: 14
Last Page: 25
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ayuen Bol Mathew (2021). Impact of Comparative Tax Administration on Import/Export Tax Tariff Rates: Evidence from South Sudan NRA Customs Revenue Division. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(9), 14-25. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.5037106

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/802.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ayuen Bol Mathew, PGD –PA, Public Administration University of Juba, Bachelor of Art in Public Administration and Management (BAPAM), Cavendish University, Uganda.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5037106

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Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke

Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique

Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke

Abstract

­

The decrease in power supply in the country has caused economic problems to small scale industries; one major problem attributed to this is inadequate planning mechanism that will forecast the required amount of power that will be needed to feed the entire population .Power system engineers had used all the conventional methods improve power supply. This issue of not having adequate forecasting mechanism in power generation network that will adequately serve the entire public is overcome by optimized electric power generation expansion planning using decomposition technique, It is achieve in this manner, characterizing the existing output power capacities of the electric power generating plants under study, Forecasting    of the load demand of the power generating plants under study, exterminating of percentage power generating capacity contribution and power generating capacity projected contribution to the National Grid, developing a Model for Decomposition Technique, Integrating SIMULINK Model in the Decomposition Technique. The results obtained are in 2009 the residential power demand by numerous consumers is 8075.00MW and the power demand in ten years is 10214.03MW and the commercial power demand is 2009 is 3865.50MW while the forecast power demand by this sector in ten years’ time when decomposition technique is introduced in the system is 5481.65MW.With these results, it shows that the power demand in ten years’ time is 41.9% generation power expansion.

 Keywords: optimized, electric power generation, power planning, cost saving, decomposition technique.

 

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Title: Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique
Author: Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5035032
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 16/06/2021
Date of Publication: 26/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/749.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 94-116
First Page: 94
Last Page: 116
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ngang Bassey Ngang, Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Bakare Kazeem & Ezekiel Nnamere Aneke  (2021). Optimized Electric Power Generation Expansion Planning Using Decomposition Technique. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 94-116. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5035032

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/749.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ngang Bassey Ngang (Corresponding Author), Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria. Email:  nbngang@gmail.com

Akaninyene Michael Joshua, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

Bakare Kazeem, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

EZEKIEL Nnamere Aneke, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Enugu, Nigeria.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5035032

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Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh Shahnaz Parvin

Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin

Abstract

­

The purpose of this study is to contribute to the literature by investigating the impact of microcredit programs on how individuals perceive microcredit and the facts about it.This study also investigates the efficiency of management policies of microcredit institutions in targeting the ‘real’ poor. Lastly, provide some insights on how to enhance these programs’ effectiveness in alleviating poverty. This study adds to the existing literature, which found that microcredit programs had a positive impact on participants’ income, expenditure, quality, quantity, and education. Furthermore, the findings show a significant relationship between microcredit and an increase in the recipient’s business profits and capital in countries such as Bangladesh. The researchers discovered, however, that providing microcredit was able to increase individuals’ feelings of empowerment and independence. Moreover, the targeting criteria of microcredit institutions are found to be very efficient in being able to reach the extreme poor. Finally, the study referred to common challenges in the microfinance business that, apparently, microfinance institutions in Bangladesh are facing.

 Keywords: Micro Credit, Perception, Bank, Micro Finance and Empowerment.

 

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Title: Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Author: Shahnaz Parvin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5017475
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 20/06/2021
Date of Publication: 23/06/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/791.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 183-193
First Page: 183
Last Page: 193
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shahnaz Parvin (2021). Individual’s Perception in Microcredit: A Case Study in the Area of HSTU, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 183-193 doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5017475

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/791.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shahnaz Parvin, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammaad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Email: shahnazhstu09@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5017475