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Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on cooperative governance Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying

Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on Cooperative Governance

Author (s)

Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying

Abstract

­

If smallholder farmers market their produce individually, they may incur significant losses from their buyers, agricultural inputs suppliers, and general service providers. However, farmers’ cooperatives can solve this problem by bringing institutional change, and they are leading solutions compared to other businesses. However, the existing cooperatives still did not fill members’ satisfaction according to members’ expectation and Ethiopian cooperatives are not exceptional. The prior research identified different evidence for the dissatisfaction of cooperative members. Among the reasons, member perception on agency problems is one of them; even though the researchers identified such issues, the cooperatives did not treated according to their unique nature rather similarly with investor owned firms (IOFs). Therefore the purpose of this study is to reconcile these gaps; hence it explored members’ perception on agency problem and its impact on cooperative members’ satisfaction in Ethiopian agricultural cooperatives. The results confirm that members’ satisfaction on cooperative governance has significant relationship with members’ perception on agency problems in Ethiopia. This study also provides evidence that members’ participation on cooperative governance moderate the relationship between perceived agency problems and cooperative members’ satisfaction on their cooperative governance in Ethiopia. Agency theory was underpin to understand the concepts; this study used the explanatory approach of research and used a cross sectional design for data collection and analysis. For the purpose of this study, the sample cooperative unions and primary cooperatives were chosen purposively however the sample 201 individual members chosen randomly and it consisted of 4 cooperative unions and 67 primary cooperatives found in Ethiopia. Hierarchal multiple regressions used to analyze the quantitative data to confirm or reject the hypothesis.

 Keywords: cooperative, member’ perception, agency problem, members’ satisfaction, members’ participation.

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Title: Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on Cooperative Governance
Author: Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742224
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/05/2021
Date of Publication: 07/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/772.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 186-214
First Page: 186
Last Page: 214
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Woldeyonaes Tena Gizaw & Niu xiongying (2021). Farmers’ Cooperative Members’ Perception on Agency Problems and Its Impact on their Satisfaction in Ethiopia: The Moderating Role of members’ Participation on Cooperative Governance. International Journal of Science and Business, 5 (7), 186-214. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742224

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/772.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Woldeyohanes Tena Gizaw (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. 

Professor Niu xiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4742224

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The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management M. Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb

The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management

Author (s)

M. Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb

Abstract

­

This study explores the utilization of autoregressive forecasting models in strategic management. Business forecasting denotes one of the recent developments in the business environment. The approach complements strategic management to foster the optimal performance of businesses. Business strategists use forecasting models to develop foresight on the future performance of their respective firms; however, there is limited literature on the effectiveness of these models. For this reason, this exploratory inquiry delved into generating autoregressive models and further examining their predictive effectiveness. The methods entailed the collection of secondary data (Tesla Motors Inc. revenue data) and subjecting it to univariate regression analysis to generate the linear forecasting equation. The findings revealed that autoregressive models are generated from the current and past data and can be used to forecasting future business performance. However, the accuracy of these equations relies on the quality of data and the stability of the industry. Therefore, the results of this inquiry contribute to the existing literature on forecasting models. Policy planners can use the information to improve the accuracy of their prediction models.

 Keywords: Business forecasting, Strategic management, Autoregressive models, Univariate regression analysis, Optimal performance.

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Title: The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management
Author: M. Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4740704
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/05/2021
Date of Publication: 06/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/771.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 170-185
First Page: 170
Last Page: 185
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Ozguven, Chong Yan Gao & Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb (2021). The Utilization of Autoregressive Forecasting Models in Strategic Management. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 170-185. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4740704

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/771.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Ozguven (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Chong Yan Gao, Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

Mohamed Yacine Si Tayeb, Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4740704

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Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin

Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z

Author (s)

Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin

Abstract

­

This study aimed to examine the differences in travel behaviours and attitudes toward factors affecting travel decisions between Generation (Gen) Y and generation Z Thai tourists. Moreover, this study proposes a tourism marketing strategy to promote tourism for both generations. The samples size of this study was 400 Gen Y and generation Z Thai tourists. The online questionnaire was used to collect data through Facebook fan pages. The result yielded that Gen Y and Gen Z Thai tourists shared many similar travel behaviours, such as travel objectives, transportation, the season of traveling, favourite areas, days of travel, frequency, and sources of information. The author recommended that cultural tourism, eco-tourism, and adventure tourism would fit the needs of these cohorts. Influencer marketing should be implemented to encourage sales promotion toward these generations. Moreover, the popular type of social media should be used to fit with the character of each generation.

 Keywords: Generation X, Generation Y, Travel behaviour, Travel decision, Thai tourism.

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Title: Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z
Author: Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4739159
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 03/05/2021
Date of Publication: 05/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/770.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 147-169
First Page: 147
Last Page: 169
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Oraon Kiatkajornvirat & Sun Jin (2021). Does generation matter? A comparison between travel behaviour and factors affecting on travel decision of generation Y and Z. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 147-169. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4739159

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/770.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Oraon Kiatkajornvirat (corresponding author), School of Business, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing P. R. China. Email: oraorn.ko@yahoo.com

Professor Sun Jin (PhD), School of Business, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing P. R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4739159

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A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN A F M Zainul Abadin, Sohag Sarker, Md. Sarwar Hosain, Md. Manik Ahmed & Ahmed Imtiaz

A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN

Author (s)

A F M Zainul Abadin, Sohag Sarker, Md. Sarwar Hosain,   Md. Manik Ahmed & Ahmed Imtiaz

Abstract

­

Due to growth of economy, government policies, available inexpensive smart devices and low cost broadband services in both developed and developing countries the numbers of Internet users are increasing drastically over the last decades. Recently, the Internet of Things (IoT) and Industry 4.0 have become global trends. Through Internet of Things (IoT) everyone will be connected his/her devices at home, at work stations, on road, at field or anywhere else. In a network topology, various protocols are used for forwarding the packets. Routes of information (packets) are established by appropriate routing protocols. A routing table is managed by the router for successful delivery of packets from the exact predefined nodes i.e. source node to destination node.  The amount of information stored by the router about the network depends on the algorithm it follows. Most of the used popular routing algorithms are RIP, OSPF, IGRP and EIGRP. In this report, we have tried to evaluate the performance of RIP, OSPF, IGRP and EIGRP for the parameters: convergence, throughput, queuing delay and end to end delay utilization through simulation which has been performed using OPNET. We have tried to find out the best protocol suits for the designed Enterprise Local Area Network (ELAN) as well as pros and cons of each protocol.

 Keywords: Enterprise LAN, Internet of Things (IoT), Network Protocols, OPNET, Routing Protocols.

 

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Title: A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN
Author: A F M Zainul Abadin, Sohag Sarker, Md. Sarwar Hosain,   Md. Manik Ahmed & Ahmed Imtiaz
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4736649
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 29/04/2021
Date of Publication: 04/05/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/782.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 20-28
First Page: 20
Last Page: 28
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Abadin, A. F. M. Z., Sarker, S., Hosain, M. S.,   Ahmed, M. M., & Imtiaz, A. (2021). A Comprehensive Study and Analysis of Different Routing Protocols for Enterprise LAN. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 20-28. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4736649

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/782.pdf

 

About Author (s)

A F M Zainul Abadin, Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangaldesh.

Sohag Sarker (Corresponding author), Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh. Email: sohagsarker5614@gmail.com

Md. Sarwar Hosain, Department of Information and Communication Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh.

Md. Manik Ahmed, Assistant Programmer, Office of the examination controller, Rabindra University  Bangladesh, Shahjadpur, Sirajgang, Bangladesh.

Ahmed Imtiaz, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Rangamati Science and Technology University, Rangamati, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4736649

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Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam

Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam

Abstract

­

Bangladesh is a developing country with abundant human resources, with women accounting for just over half of the population. They offer an important opportunity for economic and social growth. Women’s presence in some kind of economic activity is a supplement to their family’s income; it does not relieve them of their responsibilities at home. Women’s civil rights are now characterized by economic empowerment, with entrepreneurship serving as the ultimate form of empowerment. The ultimate goal of this research was to identify several specific characteristics of women entrepreneurs, as well as the degree to which women entrepreneurs are empowered, and to investigate the relationship between each of these selected characteristics and their empowerment. The research area was Dhaka city, and data was gathered using an interview schedule from 104 women entrepreneurs who were divided into three groups: boutique and handicrafts, foods and catering, and beauty parlors in Dhaka city. Data was compiled from July 25th to August 24th, 2019. In order to quantify the variables, scales were developed. Lower middle empowerment was held by less than half of the women (49.1%), upper middle empowerment by 47.1 percent, and medium empowerment by 3.8 percent. The relationship between each of the women’s chosen characteristics and their empowerment was determined using Pearson Product Moment correlation. Annual family income, organizational engagement, training experience, awareness of family management, family co-operation, and participation in the household decision-making phase of the women all demonstrated a strong significant relationship with their empowerment among the selected characteristics. Age, education, family size, and cosmopoliteness of the women, on the other hand, had little bearing on their empowerment.

 Keywords: Empowerment, Women, Entrepreneurship Development, Dhaka City.

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Title: Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh
Author: Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727862
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 25/04/2021
Date of Publication: 29/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/769.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 136-146
First Page: 136
Last Page: 146
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sonia Nusrin, Md. Sekender Ali, S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Shamim Ahmed & Md. Saiful Islam (2021). Empowerment of Women through Entrepreneurship Development in Dhaka City of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 136-146. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727862

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/769.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sonia Nusrin, Department of Development and Poverty Studies, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Sekender Ali, Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

S M Masudur Rahman Mitoo, Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Shamim Ahmed, Department of Philosophy, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Saiful Islam (corresponding author), Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: mdsaiful.sumon52@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4727862

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Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag

Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag

Abstract

­

The current study is analyzing various factors that determine the profitability of a bank. More importantly, this article has tried to evaluate the relationship between bank-specific and macroeconomic variables with banks profitability. To quantify the profitability of the banking industry of Bangladesh, Return on Equity (ROE) and Return on Assets (ROA) are used as dominated variables. Independent variables are IRS, CAR, NIITA, CR, LTD, DG, SIZE, GDP, INF and NETWORK. Relevant data comes from 30 Bangladeshi commercial banks. Panel data regression result describes Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Total Assets (SIZE) and Inflation (INF) has a positive association with bank profitability in Bangladesh. Credit Risk (CR) has the highest influences on the dependent variables and Non-interest Income to Total Assets (NIITA) has the lowest. The study provides guidelines to the goal setters of financial institutions. It provides a direction for the governing body to formulate and improve relevant policies and the outcomes suggest that banks should manage credit risk and utilize deposits in more productive segments of the economy of the country to ensure sustainable benefits.

 Keywords: Interest rate spread, Bank, Profitability, Bangladesh, Panel data.

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Title: Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh
Author: Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4723630
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 26/04/2021
Date of Publication: 27/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/768.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 127-135
First Page: 127
Last Page: 135
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jesmin Ara, Mahbuba Aktar, Ayrin Sultana, Rony Kumar Datta, & Ashrafuzzaman Sohag (2021). Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: A Study on Commercial Banks of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 127-135. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4723630

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/768.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jesmin Ara(corresponding author), Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh. Email: jesmin.fib@hstu.ac.bd

Mahbuba Aktar, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Ayrin Sultana, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Rony Kumar Datta, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Ashrafuzzaman Sohag, BBA (Major in Finance), Department of Finance and Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4723630

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Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam

Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others

Author (s)

Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam

Abstract

Visual problem in school children is a globally important public health issue. An emerging important cause of visual impairment is uncorrected refractive errors, which if not detected and corrected in time, can harm a child’s physical, cognitive, and psychosocial development. A school-based comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December, 2019 to see the pattern and prevalence of visual problems in a representative sample of children attending classes 1 to 5 of selected primary schools under the School Health Program (SHP) and non-SHP schools of Dhaka and Chittagong. 277 school children, aged 5-13 years, and their guardians were interviewed for approximately 30-40 minutes each with a pretested semi-structured   questionnaire   and   checklist.   Visual   problems   were   categorized   as diminished visual acuity and presence of other ocular morbidities. It was found that diminished vision was more common in non-SHP students. Chi Square was done to see the association between the variables, and they were found to be not significant (p > 0.05). The proportion of diminished vision was found higher among respondents with age group below 10 years (Χ2 = 0.16, p = 0.901), more propensity towards males (Χ2 = 0.751, p = 0.386), Islam religion (Χ2 = 0.966, p = 0.326), nuclear family (Χ2 = 0.495, p = 0.482), most of which was not significant. This study revealed that ocular morbidity was weakly associated with malnourished non-SHP students (Χ2 = 4.556, p =0.033). Lack of understanding and awareness of the consequences and the severity of the ocular morbidities seemed to be the main reason behind the delay in seeking treatment. The study findings may be utilized for further planning and evaluation of the existing school health services, for further improvement and implementation of SHP in all schools, and for conducting an appropriate intervention programs to reduce this preventable problem.

Key words: refractive error, school health program, visual acuity, ocular morbidity, semi structured questionnaire.

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Title: Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others
Author:

Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4718485
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 20/04/2021
Date of Publication: 25/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1016.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 26-50
First Page: 26
Last Page: 50
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Shahariar Islam (2021). Visual problems in Students of Schools under the School Health Program and Others. Journal of Scientific Reports, 3(1), 26-50. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4718485

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1016.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Md. Shahariar Islam, Rajshahi Medical College and Hospital, Bangladesh. Email: dr_s_islam@yahoo.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4718485

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Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies Maigana Alhaji Bakawu

Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies

Author (s)

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu

Abstract

­

This paper presents a fuzzy time series methodology for forecasting demographic trends that could serve as a scientific approach toward a feasible and sustainable socio-economic development policies. In the experimental section, empirical analysis of population variation of Yobe State, Nigeria spanning over periods of 1996 – 2020 was carried out. The result revealed that FTS model can be used as an appropriate forecasting tool to predict population variations. It is expected that the findings of this research will benefit the present government’s drive on education among other socio-economic conditions of Yobe State as the government declared a state of emergency in the basic and secondary education in the state on the occasion of its inauguration and swearing-in ceremony on 29th May, 2019.

 Keywords: Development Policies, Forecasting, Fuzzy Time Series, Model, Population Variation.

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Title: Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies
Author: Maigana Alhaji Bakawu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4717839
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 21/04/2021
Date of Publication: 25/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/767.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-126
First Page: 118
Last Page: 126
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu (2021). Demographic Trends Forecasting: A Panacea for Sustainable Education Development Policies. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 118-126. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4717839

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/767.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Maigana Alhaji Bakawu, Department of Statistics, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic Geidam, Nigeria. Email: maiganabk@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4717839

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The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises Zhu Huafeng

The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises

Author (s)

Zhu Huafeng

Abstract

­

In today’s increasingly fierce competition, the continuous creativity of employees is the main way to solve the uncertainty of enterprises. How to improve the creativity of employees is the survival way of sustainable development of enterprises. Many organizations and business managers have realized the importance of empowering leadership to promote employee creativity, but there are few empirical studies on the impact of empowering leadership on employee creativity. Therefore, based on the theory of behavior exchange and organizational competence, This paper studies the influence of leadership empowerment on employee creativity, constructs the influence model of leadership empowerment on employee creativity, and deeply explores the mechanism of leadership empowerment on employee creativity, so as to provide important support for theoretical support and management practice. In this study, 489 valid questionnaires were obtained by means of questionnaire. Descriptive analysis, reliability and validity analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, correlation analysis, were used. The results show that: Leadership empowerment has a significant positive impact on organizational commitment; leadership empowerment has a significant positive impact on knowledge sharing among employees; organizational commitment has a significant positive impact on employee creativity; knowledge sharing among employees has a significant positive impact on employee creativity. This study reveals the influence of organizational commitment and empowerment on employee creativity through the specific context of knowledge sharing. It enriches and improves the relevant research and theory in the fields of leadership empowerment, organizational commitment, knowledge sharing, responsible personality and employee creativity. Finally, the paper gives some specific measures and suggestions on how to improve employee creativity, which provides theoretical support for academics and practitioners.

 Keywords: leadership empowerment, organizational commitment, knowledge sharing, conscientious personality characteristics, employee creativity.

 

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Title: The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises
Author: Zhu Huafeng
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4712917
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 21/04/2021
Date of Publication: 23/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/781.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-19
First Page: 1
Last Page: 19
Paper Type: Research paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Zhu Huafeng (2021). The Link between Leadership Empowerment and Employee Creativity: A study based on Zhejiang enterprises. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(8), 1-19. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4712917

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/781.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Zhu Huafeng, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4712917

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Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin

Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing

Author (s)

Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin

Abstract

­

This study introduces, describes, and illustrates a practical application of a virtual training tool for electrical engineering education. Users can interact with and manipulate 3D models of authentic devices using this tool. Users can compare structural differences between devices, assemble and disassemble machines, and test them under extreme conditions, which is not possible when working with a real device. The three-dimensional devices are fully functional, allowing users to interact with them on all levels, including impact analysis of supply conditions.

 Keywords: Virtual Reality, Training Tool, Electrical Machines, Oculus Go.

 

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Title: Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing
Author: Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4709807
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 21/04/2021
Date of Publication: 22/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/746.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 59-66
First Page: 59
Last Page: 66
Paper Type: Project review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Salim Mahdi & Erhan Akin (2021). Virtual Reality as a Tool for Electrical Machines Assembling and Testing. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 59-66. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4709807

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/746.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Salim Mahdi (corresponding author), Computer Engineering Department, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey. Email: salimmahdi8082@gmail.com

Erhan Akin, Computer Engineering Department, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4709807

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Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN

Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor

Author (s)

Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN

Abstract

­

This paper depicts an overview and special technique for the recognition, detection, and measuring of the quality of magnetic on materials. It is based on the Hall Effect principle of and signal converter. The board is small but it gives good results in addition to ease of use, less cost, and low power. The magnetic field emitted from the material to be checked is converted to a visual spectrum. This means that magnetic fields can now be seen in real-time, the magnetic sensors used on the tile are some of the most highly sensitive. Visualizing things that are very difficult to normally seen. Because there is so much around that just cannot easily perceive, and how much more important bits of science we would be able to get done if only could easily see them as naturally as seeing things like color. Magnetic field detection in an object into a two-dimensional image will make that important and very useful especially with low cost, power, and easy to use, unlike some costly sensors.

 Keywords: sensor, dipole, flux, quality, magnetic field, magnetic imaging.

 

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Title: Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor
Author: Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705324
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 17/04/2021
Date of Publication: 20/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/745.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 45-58
First Page: 45
Last Page: 58
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ahmed Saeed Mohammed & Erhan AKIN (2021). Implementation of Quality Control System Using Magnetic Image Sensor. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 45-58. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705324

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About Author (s)

Ahmed Saeed Mohammed (Corresponding author), Computer Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey. Email: ahmed.saeed@uoz.edu.krd

Professor Erhan AKIN, Computer Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4705324

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Impact of non-oil Revenue collection/mobilization on Public Financial Management in South Sudan: a case study on National Ministry of Finance and Planning Garang Majak Bol Angok, Thomas Gatluak Reat, Chol Gabriel Majer & Lual Daniel Kur

Impact of non-oil Revenue collection/mobilization on Public Financial Management in South Sudan: a case study on National Ministry of Finance and Planning

Author (s)

 Garang Majak Bol Angok, Thomas Gatluak Reat, Chol Gabriel Majer & Lual Daniel Kur

Abstract

­

The study aims to look at the effect of non-oil revenue collection/mobilization on public financial management, as well as the obstacles that non-oil revenue collection faces in South Sudan. Non-oil revenue faces several challenges, ranging from effective service delivery to non-oil revenue collection. The key goal is to determine the main source of non-oil revenue collection, develop public financial control and management, examine mechanisms for dealing with non-oil revenue collection issues, and ensure effective and consistent management of non-oil resources under South Sudan government policies and objectives. The report aims to eliminate or minimize to a bare minimum the issues associated with non-oil revenue generation, non-oil revenue administration, tax base penetration, and difficulties in recognizing non-oil revenue mobilization. Other goals include proposing and designing a database solution for efficient property ownership and tax collection control, as well as proposing a network solution for linking local governments and land sector agencies. The research was based primarily on secondary data gathered from non-oil sales analyses and publications. Both descriptive and frequency analyses were used to interpret the data. Microsoft Excel was used as a data collection and presentation platform. Tables and graphs were used to display the information. The researchers looked at the difficulties that come with collecting non-oil revenue in this report. Due to the outbreak of pandemic covet-19, political unrest, and inaccessibility of certain non-oil revenue sources in South Sudan, it was discovered that the non-oil revenue pattern has not been stable. It was discovered that the organization does not keep a complete or accurate record of all taxable events or levies in its jurisdiction. There is no mechanism in place for keeping track of invoices and payments. Data on utilities, equipment, levies, and other items were done by hand, making it vulnerable to bribery, violence, and major non-oil revenue loss. The researchers suggest ways to improve non-oil revenue leakage along with property rate administration through the non-oil revenue task force. They introduce a non-oil revenue database method for capturing non-oil revenue, as well as a computerized non-oil revenue system to improve revenue capture and mitigate leakages. According to the report, policymakers should enact policies that support non-oil revenue management to maintain improved government financial efficiency in South Sudan.

 Keywords: Non-oil revenue, collection, Mobilization, public financial management, employees, accountability.

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Title: Impact of non-oil Revenue collection/mobilization on Public Financial Management in South Sudan: a case study on National Ministry of Finance and Planning
Author: Garang Majak Bol Angok, Thomas Gatluak Reat, Chol Gabriel Majer & Lual Daniel Kur
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4701325
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 14/04/2021
Date of Publication: 19/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/766.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 94-117
First Page: 94
Last Page: 117
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Garang Majak Bol Angok, Thomas Gatluak Reat, Chol Gabriel Majer & Lual Daniel Kur (2021). Impact of non-oil Revenue collection/mobilization on Public Financial Management in South Sudan: a case study on National Ministry of Finance and Planning. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 94-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4701325

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/766.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Garang Majak Bol Angok, MBA (Finance)-University of Juba, South Sudan.

Thomas Gatluak Reat, MAF -University of Juba, South Sudan.

Chol Gabriel Majer, MBA (Generic) & PGDBA-University of Juba, South Sudan.

Lual Daniel Kur(corresponding author), PhD fellow University of International Business & Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China and lecturer at Upper Nile University  South Sudan.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4701325

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A Study of Chinese A-Share Listed Companies: Effect of Corporate Valuation on the Investment Level Li Zhanbiao

A Study of Chinese A-Share Listed Companies: Effect of Corporate Valuation on the Investment Level

Author (s)

Li Zhanbiao

Abstract

­

Market value management as an important measure of investment behavior, its value is reflected through reasonable and scientific corporate valuation. Corporate governance can improve the level of market value management to a certain extent. Therefore, how to improve the level of market value management through scientific and reasonable corporate valuation has naturally become the focus of theoretical and practical circles. Compared with western developed countries, the investment efficiency of investors in China’s capital market is low, and the inefficient investment phenomenon is serious, which seriously hinders the healthy development of China’s capital market. This paper uses the research data of A-share listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen from 2011 to 2019 as samples, and obtains first-hand information by means of questionnaire survey and anonymous interview. According to the different situations of ownership structure, property right nature and growth ability, this paper studies the guiding effect of corporate valuation on the investment level of Chinese enterprises. The results show that corporate valuation can effectively improve the investment level of Chinese listed companies and inhibit inefficient investment. Scientific equity structure and equity balance can make a good corporate valuation, so as to improve the investment level of Chinese enterprises; compared with non-state-owned enterprises, corporate valuation plays a more significant role in guiding the investment level of Chinese enterprises and restraining the inefficient investment of Chinese enterprises. Therefore, it is necessary to give full play to the guiding effect of corporate valuation on the investment level of Chinese enterprises.  Through the system design, construction of the rule of law, corporate governance, internal control construction with many ways, such as to improve the growth of enterprises, to perfect supervision and effective incentives, through the market effective drive to the real reflection of the enterprise’s valuation, other investors to invest effectively guide the capital market, at the same time improve the company’s investment efficiency and management level, inhibit the effective investment.

 Keywords: corporate valuation, investment level, property right nature, ownership structure, growth ability.

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Title: A Study of Chinese A-Share Listed Companies: Effect of Corporate Valuation on the Investment Level
Author: Li Zhanbiao
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4700419
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 18/04/2021
Date of Publication: 19/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/765.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 70-93
First Page: 70
Last Page: 93
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Li Zhanbiao (2021). A Study of Chinese A-Share Listed Companies: Effect of Corporate Valuation on the Investment Level. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 70-93. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4700419

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About Author (s)

Li Zhanbiao, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4700419

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Job performance and Competency Model: A Study for Clinical Department Directors of Specialized Hospitals in Shenzhen Guan Xiaoyin

Job performance and Competency Model: A Study for Clinical Department Directors of Specialized Hospitals in Shenzhen

Author (s)

Guan Xiaoyin

Abstract

­

The Grade 3A specialized hospital is a large-scale medical service institution that provides medical and health services across regions, provinces, cities and the whole country. In addition to undertaking the important task of providing high-level medical and health care and preventive health care services to the people in the areas where they are located and the surrounding radiation areas, this type of institutions also shoulder the responsibilities of medical higher education and scientific research, which is the leading force of medical and health institutions in China. The post of director of clinical department plays an important role in the management of grade a tertiary hospital. An excellent clinical director plays a very important role in clinical diagnosis and treatment, discipline development, talent echelon construction, scientific research, teaching implementation and the overall improvement of hospital medical level. This study starts from the macro environment and internal environment of the Grade 3A specialized hospital, systematically analyzes and sorts out the factors that affect the development of the Grade 3A specialized hospital, and then expounds the characteristics and attributes of the post of clinical director of the Grade 3A specialized hospital; objective to explore and analyze the quality characteristics required by the post of clinical department director. Combined with the qualitative research method, open questions were used to interview senior experts in the field of hospital management and university hospital management education, and the general competency model of clinical department director in Grade 3A specialized hospital was constructed. Secondly, behavioral event interview was used to interview the clinical director of Grade 3A specialized hospital. The interviewees were divided into the excellent group and the average group according to the peer expert evaluation method. Combined with the self-made “Grade 3A specialized hospital director competency coding dictionary”, the different competency characteristics between the two groups were extracted, and the core competency model of Grade 3A specialized hospital director was established.

 Keywords: Grade 3A specialized hospital, clinical director, comprehensive competency, competency model, performance.

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Title: Job performance and Competency Model: A Study for Clinical Department Directors of Specialized Hospitals in Shenzhen
Author: Guan Xiaoyin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4694537
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 13/04/2021
Date of Publication: 15/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/764.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 54-69
First Page: 54
Last Page: 69
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Guan Xiaoyin (2021). Job performance and Competency Model: A Study for Clinical Department Directors of Specialized Hospitals in Shenzhen . International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 54-69. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4694537

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About Author (s)

Guan Xiaoyin, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4694537

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The influence of Employees’ engagement on Career success: A Case study of Buddhist Temple in Guangdong Province, China Yue Xiufeng

The influence of Employees’ engagement on Career success: A Case study of Buddhist Temple in Guangdong Province, China

Author (s)

Yue Xiufeng

Abstract

­

The personnel management of Buddhist temples outlines the personnel management pattern of temples, which is based on the premise of firm Buddhist belief, relying on the development of temple economy, supported by the cultivation of strong team spirit, and focusing on the cultivation of excellent executive ability and learning ability. Since the era of knowledge economy, people pay more and more attention to career success, and the standard of career success is more and more diversified. Career success is a person’s positive psychological or work-related achievements or achievements accumulated in the process of career development. There are many influencing factors, including personal level and organizational level. Employee engagement is an important influencing factor of career success. The purpose of this study is to explore the influence mechanism of Buddhist temple employee engagement on career success in Guangdong Province. Therefore, based on the extended construction theory, this study introduces employee performance into the model, and constructs a theoretical model of the relationship between employee engagement and career success and employee performance. This study takes the employees of 1552 Buddhist temples in Guangdong Province as the research object; collects data by questionnaire survey, and a total of 307 valid questionnaires are collected; uses structural equation model for analysis. The results show that employee engagement has a significant impact on career success and employee performance. According to the above research conclusions, this paper puts forward corresponding suggestions for the personnel management of Buddhist temples in Guangdong Province.

 Keywords: Buddhist temple, human resource management, employee engagement, career success, employee performance.

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Title: The influence of Employees’ engagement on Career success: A Case study of Buddhist Temple in Guangdong Province, China
Author: Yue Xiufeng
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4683244
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 10/04/2021
Date of Publication: 13/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/763.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 33-53
First Page: 33
Last Page: 53
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Yue Xiufeng (2021). The influence of Employees’ engagement on Career success: A Case study of Buddhist Temple in Guangdong Province, China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 33-53. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4683244

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About Author (s)

Yue Xiufeng, Asia Metropolitan University, Malaysia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4683244

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Relationship between Cashless Banking and Bank’s Profitability of Bangladesh Rony Kumar Datta

Relationship between Cashless Banking and Bank’s Profitability of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Rony Kumar Datta

Abstract

­

Cashless banking is one of the most progressive banking policies nowadays especially in this modern era of digitalization. The quest of this study is to explore the relationship of the profitability of the bank’s industry with the cashless banking of Bangladesh. Return on Equity (ROE) and Return on Asset (ROA) have been taken as the proxy of profitability whereas transactions volume of Mobile Financial Services (MFS), Automated Teller Machine (ATM), Debit Card and Internet Banking Fund Transfer (IBFT) have been used as the proxy of cashless banking industry in Bangladesh. By collecting secondary data of seven years period from the annual report of the Central Bank of Bangladesh, this study applies a multiple regression technique to explain the relationship between bank’s profitability and cashless banking. The result shows that IBFT has a significant positive impact and ATM & Debit card has a significant negative impact on the ROE whereas MFS and IBFT has positive and Debit Card has a negative impact on the ROA of banking industry of Bangladesh. It is revealed from the findings that almost all the factors have positive/negative impact either on ROA or ROE but only IBFT have a positive and significant impact on both ROA and ROE. The findings of this study are somewhat significant for the regularity authorities and stakeholders of bank and non-bank financial institutions as well as for the academicians and government as a whole.

 Keywords: E-Banking, Cashless Transactions, Digital Payment System, Banking Industry of Bangladesh, Paperless Economye.

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Title: Relationship between Cashless Banking and Bank’s Profitability of Bangladesh
Author: Rony Kumar Datta
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4683181
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 12/04/2021
Date of Publication: 13/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/762.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 21-32
First Page: 21
Last Page: 32
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rony Kumar Datta (2021). Relationship between Cashless Banking and Bank’s Profitability of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 21-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4683181

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/762.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rony Kumar Datta, Assistant Professor, Department of Finance & Banking, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur- 5200, Bangladesh. Email: rony.datta@hstu.ac.bd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4683181

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Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam

Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management

Author (s)

Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam

Abstract

­

The experiment was conducted in the Agronomy Field, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University (SAU), Dhaka-1207 during the period of November 17, 2016 to March 29, 2017 on growth and yield performance of selected wheat genotypes at variable irrigation. In this experiment, the treatment consisted of three varieties viz. V1 = BARI Gom 26, V2 = BARI Gom 28, V3 = BARI Gom 30, and four different irrigations viz. I0 = No Irrigation throughout the growing season, I1 = One irrigation (Irrigate at CRI stage), I2= Two irrigation (Irrigate at CRI and grain filling), I3= Three irrigation (irrigate at CRI, booting and grain filling stages). The experiment was laid out in two factors split plot with three replications. The collected data were statistically analyzed for evaluation of the treatment effect. Results showed that a significant variation among the treatments in respect majority of the observed parameters. Results showed significant variation in almost every parameter of treatments. The highest Plant height, number of effective tillers hill-1, spike length, number of grain spike-1 was obtained from BARI Gom-30. The highest grain weight hectare-1 (3.44 ton) was found from wheat variety BARI Gom-30. All parameters of wheat showed statistically significant variation due to variation of irrigation. The maximum value of growth, yield contributing characters, seed yield was observed with three irrigation (irrigate at CRI, booting and grain filling stages). The interaction between different levels of variety and irrigation was significantly influenced on almost all growth and yield contributing characters, seed yield. The highest yield (3.99 t ha-1) was obtained from BARI Gom-30 with three irrigation (irrigate at CRI, booting and grain filling stages). The optimum growth and higher yield of wheat cv. BARI Gom-30 could be obtained by applying three irrigations at CRI, booting and grain filling stages.

 Keywords: Growth and yield performance, Wheat, BARI Gom-30 treatment effect, Irrigation Management.

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Title: Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management
Author: Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4680431
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 05/04/2021
Date of Publication: 12/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/733.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 139-149
First Page: 139
Last Page: 149
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Abdur Rahman, Shamima Akter Baly, Mst. Afrose Jahan, A. T. Shamsuddoha, Sonia Nusrin, Sifat Jahan & Md. Saiful Islam (2021). Growth and Yield performance of selected Wheat Genotypes at Variable Irrigation Management. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 139-149. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4680431

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/733.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Abdur Rahman, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Shamima Akter Baly, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Mst. Afrose Jahan, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

A. T. Shamsuddoha, Department of Soil Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Sonia Nusrin, Department of Development and Poverty Studies, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Sifat Jahan, Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.

Md. Saiful Islam (corresponding author), Department of Agricultural Extension and Information System, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. E-mail: mdsaiful.sumon52@gmail.com

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4680431

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Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy in South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor

Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy in South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model

Author (s)

Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor

Abstract

­

Information epidemiology based on internet search data can be used to model COVID-19 pandemic progressions and monitor population health literacy. However, the applicability of internet searches to monitor COVID-19 infections and public health awareness in South Asian countries are unclear. To assess the association of public interest and health literacy in COVID-19 with the number of infected cases South Asian countries. Google Trends data from January to March 2020 were used to correlate public interest and literacy with official data on COVID-19 cases using the relative search volume (RSV) index. Public interest in COVID-19 was retrieved with the search term “Coronavirus (Virus)”. Similarly, search terms “hand wash”, “face mask”, “hand sanitizer”, “face shield” and “gloves” were used to retrieve RSV indices as a surrogate of health literacy. Country-level correlation analyses were performed for a time lag between 30 and +30 days. There were significant positive correlations between COVID-19 related public interest and daily confirmed cases in countries expect Nepal, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka. The highest public interest in South Asian Countries was on average 12 days before the local maximum of new confirmed cases. Similarly, web searches related to personal hygiene and preventive measures in south Asia correlated to the number of confirmed cases as well as national restriction measures. Public interest indicated by RSV indices can help to monitor the progression of an outbreak such as the current COVID-19 pandemic particularly in countries with a lack of diagnostic and surveillance capacity.

 Keywords: COVID-19, Google trends, health literacy, infectious disease, public health surveillance.

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Title: Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy in South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model
Author: Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4678285
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 05/04/2021
Date of Publication: 10/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/732.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 128-138
First Page: 128
Last Page: 138
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hasan Symum, Habsa Khandaker Hiya , & Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor (2021). Monitoring COVID-19 Related Public Interest and Population Health Literacy In South Asia: An Internet Search-Interest Based Model. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 128-138. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4678285

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/732.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hasan Symum (corresponding author), Department of Industrial and Management System Engineering, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. Email: hsymum@usf.edu

Habsa Khandaker Hiya, Muma College of Business, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Kh Mohammed Ali Sagor, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4678285

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Impact of Chinese Foreign Direct Investment on the growth of West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries Kodjo N’Souvi, Chen Sun, Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI & Folly Dovénam YOVODEVI

Impact of Chinese Foreign Direct Investment on the growth of West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries

Author (s)

Kodjo N’Souvi, Chen Sun, Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI & Folly Dovénam YOVODEVI

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to analyze empirically the effect of Chinese FDI on economic growth of countries of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU). The data used in this paper come from World Bank except for FDI data, which were taken from the Statistical Bulletins of China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment, covering the period 2006 to 2018. Using the theoretical framework of the endogenous growth model, this paper performed an econometric approach of fixed-effects and random effects regressions with instrumental variables to make the estimates. The results of our estimates showed that Chinese FDI inflows have negative impact on host countries’ growth, based on the random effects regression, which is appropriate and fits well the data used. In addition, our results indicate that exports of primary goods are negatively correlated with the overall annual growth in the region. Further, infrastructure development and industrialization were found to be one of the critical factors for growth of the countries under investigation. Our findings suggest that Governments of WAEMU countries need to intensify their investment in health and education in order to boost the quality of human capital stock. More importantly, there is a need to promote the production of manufactured goods that are currently imported rather than increasing exports of primary goods. Finally, investing more in infrastructure and industrialization process is fundamental to positively impact the growth of countries in the union.

Key words: Economic growth, Chinese FDI, Random-effects, Fixed- effects, WAEMU.

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Title: Impact of Chinese Foreign Direct Investment on the growth of West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries
Author:

Kodjo N’Souvi, Chen Sun, Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI & Folly Dovénam YOVODEVI

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4672465
Media: Online
Volume: 3
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 03/04/2021
Date of Publication: 08/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1015.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 9-25
First Page: 9
Last Page: 25
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kodjo N’Souvi, Chen Sun, Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI & Folly Dovénam YOVODEVI (2021). Impact of Chinese Foreign Direct Investment on the growth of West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries. Journal of Scientific Reports, 3(1), 9-25. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4672465

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1015.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kodjo N’Souvi, College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Ocean University, 201306 Shanghai, China.

Chen Sun (corresponding author), College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Ocean University, 201306 Shanghai, China. Email: chensun@shou.edu.cn

 Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, School of Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business, China, 100026.  

Folly Dovénam YOVODEVI, Département tertiaire, Institut des Techniques Avancées, BP 498,   288, Avenue de Cointet, Libreville-Gabon.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4672465

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Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika

Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States

Author (s)

Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika

Abstract

­After an internationally recognized referendum on self-determination, South Sudan became independent on 9 July 2011 by the end of Africa’s one of the longest civil wars. Afterwards, South Sudan entered its civil war on December 15, 2013. It happened between the two governing bodies of South Sudan President Salva Kiir and Vice President Riek Machar. The African Union, the United Nations, the United States, and the other Western forces had made major diplomatic attempts to bring the war to an end but failed. In response to this civil war, mass people of South Sudan have started to take refuge in the neighbouring states. More than 1.6 million people have been internally displaced, with approximately 200,000 finding shelter at UN PoC sites in front of UN bases. They fall under troublesome situations in the receiving countries as well. Though the United States along with other international organizations have significant political, financial, and military investments in the refugee receiving countries by the war in South Sudan, such as Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya, local integration is not still welcomed by them. Though this paper has some limitation like its only qualitative based research so there is lack of resources for explaining overall situation. In spite of some limitation the study will try to evaluate the impacts of the South Sudanese Refugee Crisis on the neighbouring states through local integration with the secondary data collected from different books, journals, newspapers, articles, etc. By following the qualitative research approach. Basically this paper has two purpose. Firstly it explains the historical background of conflict. Secondly it describes the impact on neighbouring states in various event of life. In conclusion, finally, some policies will be recommended which have present implication to solve the conflict and ensure the proper treatment of refugee who take shelter in different neighbouring states.

 Keywords: Local Integration, Refugee, Explore, Impact, Neighbour, State.

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Title: Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States
Author: Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4655591
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2021
Date of Publication: 01/04/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/731.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 120-127
First Page: 120
Last Page: 127
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Sumaya Khan Auntu, Faria Nusrat & Sumaiya Siddika (2021). Local Integration of the South Sudanese Refugee: Exploring Impact on the Neighboring States. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 120-127. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4655591

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/731.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sumaya Khan Auntu (corresponding author), Department of  International Relations, Bangladesh University of Professionals(BUP), Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh. E-mail: sumaya.bupir17@gmail.com

Faria Nusrat, Department of International Relations. Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP), Dhaka 1216, Bangladesh. E-mail: fariabup21@gmail.com

Sumaiya Siddika, Department of Economics, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Tangail 1902, Bangladesh. E-mail: sumaiyamunni34@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4655591

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Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF

Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company

Author (s)

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF

Abstract

­This is a doctrinal study into identifying the position of the Iraqi banking system in terms of protection of the rights of the depositors as well as identifying the provisions of guarantee for depositors in the event the banks declare bankruptcy. This paper illustrates bank deposit guarantee in Iraq. it focuses on the Iraq Regulation no 33 of 2016 where it specifies the Iraqi company named Iraqi Deposit Insurance Company (IDIC). This company is established as the juridical company; The main purpose of this company is related to its very importance as they must do its business properly in compensating the depositor. The findings of this study show that the Iraqi banking system in the purview of guaranteeing the rights of depositors are inadequate and need major reforms. The paper concludes with recommendations for the Iraqi legislators on the necessary needed enactments required to remedy the issues. This research will contribute to the much needed literature in the Iraqi banking system. Furthermore, the findings of this paper can be extrapolated in regard to consumer protection and bank guarantees in emerging economies.

 Keywords: Bank deposit guarantee, Iraqi depositor, compensation for depositors, depositors.

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Title: Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company
Author: Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650468
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2021
Date of Publication: 31/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/730.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 110-119
First Page: 110
Last Page: 119
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF (2021). Legal Regulation of Iraqi Bank Deposit Guarantee Company. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 110-119. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4650468

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/730.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mohammed Omer Ali AL-JAF, Department of Law, University of Garmian, Kurdistan-Iraq. & Ph.D. candidate at Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, International Islamic University Malaysia. Email: Mhamadomer2371991@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650468

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Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh Tanzila Rahman Lubna

Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Tanzila Rahman Lubna

Abstract

­This research investigated the service gap between student’s expectations and perception regarding private university services in Bangladesh with a particular focus on the SERVQUAL model along with the five dimensions: Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, and Empathy. I investigated the dimensions of quality of university service and its impact on student’s satisfaction. A self-administered and structured questionnaire use to collect data from 200 respondents of university students. The SPSS software was used here for analyzing data. Different statistical tools were used which are compatible with my research, such as factor analysis, reliability analysis, and descriptive analysis. I surveyed twenty private universities by using the random sampling method. As for students’ perception, the services gap (Expected service – Perceived service), in the dimensions of tangibility, assurance, and empathy, is significant because expected service is below perceived service in the private universities of Bangladesh. But in the dimension of reliability and responsiveness, the services gap is insignificant because expectations are near to perceived service in the same university. The administration and the government both will get benefit from the findings of the study, particularly in the university perspective of Bangladesh. The study base on relatively small sample size (200) from private university in Bangladesh, which may not reflect the whole scenario of Bangladesh.

 Keywords: SERVQUAL, Service gap, Tangibility, Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Empathy.

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Title: Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh
Author: Tanzila Rahman Lubna
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650380
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 17/03/2021
Date of Publication: 31/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/729.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 101-109
First Page: 101
Last Page: 109
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Tanzila Rahman Lubna (2021). Assessing Service Quality Gap of Private University in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 101-109. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4650380

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/729.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Tanzila Rahman Lubna, Lecturer, Department of Marketing, Pundra University of Science and Technology, Bogura, Bangladesh. Email: tanzila.lubna@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4650380

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The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa Biftu Mohammed, Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw

The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa

Author (s)

Biftu Mohammed,  Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw

Abstract

­

This paper aims to identify the impacts of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration (growth expectation, innovation, internationalization and industry preference) in Africa. We use data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor survey (GEM) which cover at least 2,000 individuals per year which comprises about 55 countries. After eliminating observations that are inconsistent or have critical missing values, we use a sample of 769 individuals. Generalized structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data. The finding of this study indicates that gender has a negative impact on entrepreneurial aspiration. Accordingly, women are less likely than men to have growth expectation for their firms. Similarly, women are less fortunate enough than men to internationalize their product or service. With regard to entrepreneur’s innovativeness it is measured in three different ways. As a result, the variance in measurement necessitated to have different results. Consequently, from competitors’ as well as technological perspectives women are less likely than men to have Innovation for their firm. While from potential customer’s consideration regarding their products’ or services’ newness or unfamiliar, the finding shows the opposite result. On the other hand, in terms of entrepreneurial industry preference, the study founds the opposite result that indicates entrepreneur’s industry preference will not differ by gender. Future studies should focuses on comparative analysis to compare with other emerging countries to examine the impact of gender on entrepreneurial aspiration and how they overcome the challenges that might faces. The finding of this study has implications for researcher and policymakers. This research will be contributed to the entrepreneurship literature by incorporating the impact of gender on entrepreneurial aspiration in Africa.

 Keywords: Gender, Africa, Entrepreneurial aspiration, Social role theory, innovation, growth expectation, internationalization, industry preference.

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Title: The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa
Author: Biftu Mohammed,  Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4641765
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 26/03/2021
Date of Publication: 27/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/761.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-20
First Page: 1
Last Page: 20
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Biftu Mohammed,  Niu Xiongying & Dagmawe Tenaw (2021). The impact of Gender on Entrepreneurial Aspiration: A Study in Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(7), 1-20. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4641765

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/761.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Biftu Mohammed, (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: biftu_moh15@yahoo.com

Professor Niu Xiongying, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: niuxy@uibe.edu.cn

Dagmawe Tenaw, Economics Department, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, Email: dagmawe.tenaw@ddu.edu.et

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4641765

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The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh Md. Mehedi Hasan

The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Mehedi Hasan

Abstract

­

The growing trend of online shopping has taken over the popularity of traditional shopping among its consumers In recent decade. In the world of digitization it has eased the difficulties of retailing and paved a modern approach to trade online. In this paper, we aim to investigate the reason of the increase of popularity of online shopping among the consumers of a selected region, especially during this pandemic period. The present study has been conducted among the consumers of Khulna City. Convenience sampling method has been used to select the sample. The primary data was collected from 111 respondents by means of a self-constructed questionnaire. The collected data was analyzed using Excel and SPSS software. There are many reasons for increasing of online sales. However, due to time and resource constraints, this paper considers some influential factors such as Facebook, website design, reviews and Covid-19. 72.1% of respondents would like to start up an online shopping service because they can run that with their study, job or other businesses. Almost 97.3% respondents think that online business is the demand of time because it is less risky and they can stay home through this. Of these, 63.1% respondents have increased online shopping than before and 13.5% have been involved in online shopping for the very first time by the influence of Covid-19. This study has been conducted by online which may not be generalized. It is an established fact that online shopping has become crucial for every business hub. But the pandemic has accelerated the shift towards a more digital world and triggered changes in online shopping behaviors that are likely to have lasting effects.

 Keywords: Online shopping, consumer, Covid-19, product, influential factors.

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Title: The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh
Author: Md. Mehedi Hasan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 24/03/2021
Date of Publication: 26/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/728.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 88-100
First Page: 88
Last Page: 100
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Mehedi Hasan (2021). The Popularity of Online Shopping is increasing during COVID-19 Pandemic: An Online Study in Khulna City of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 88-100.doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/728.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Mehedi Hasan, Senior Lecturer, Department of Business Administration, North Western University (NWU), Khulna, Bangladesh. E-mail: mehedistat47@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4639392

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The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI

The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU

Author (s)

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI

Abstract

­

The objective of this research is to study the determinants and effects of deforestation in the WAEMU countries.  On the basis of panel data covering the 8 WAEMU countries from 2000 to 2014 and with a fixed-effect regression with correction for heteroskedasticity, we come to the conclusion that the gross domestic product per capita contributes in the short term to the increase.  deforestation but a long-term decrease in deforestation is possible because there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between these two variables. Population density and respect for the rule of law are determinants of deforestation in the WAEMU zone.  In addition, deforestation contributes positively to CO2 emissions in WAEMU.  In view of these results, in terms of energy use, the State must favor energies based on renewable energies more than fossil energies which are more polluting; encourage reforestation initiatives.  Improving the quality of institutions through the establishment of a framework promoting respect for the rule of law will be an asset in the fight against deforestation in WAEMU.

 Keywords: Deforestation, CO2 emissions, Gross domestic product per capita, CKE, quality of Institutions, WAEMU.

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Title: The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU
Author: Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO & Kodjo N’SOUVI
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 18/03/2021
Date of Publication: 21/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/727.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 75-87
First Page: 75
Last Page: 87
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI, Kossi AYENAGBO &  Kodjo N’SOUVI (2021). The Impact of Deforestation on CO2 Emissions: Evidence from WAEMU. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 75-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/727.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Badoubatoba Mathieu DISSANI (corresponding author), School of Economics, Capital University of Economics and Business, China, 100026. Email: mathsondis@gmail.com

Kossi AYENAGBO, Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Kara, Togo.

Kodjo N’SOUVI, College of Economics and Management, Shanghai Ocean University, 201306,Shanghai, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4625558

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The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on the Software Performance: A Review Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq

The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on the Software Performance: A Review

Author (s)

Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq

Abstract

­

The software development in different fields leads to increase the requirements for effective, efficient and complicated software. Due to the huge amounts of software requirements, it is possible some errors to occur in the certain part of the programs and this means a real challenge for the software producer. The need for an effective test system is necessary for designing reliable programs and avoiding the errors that may appear during the software product. In this review, many techniques are discussed for the process of generating test cases which are a group of conditions that determine whether the designed programs are able to satisfy the user’s requirements or not. Fuzzy logic utilizes an operational profile in the process of allocating test case to improve the software quality, as well as the design of fault propagation path to predicts the software defects during the test operation, also the automatic generation for PLC test cases that produce a new track through the program code in order to minimize the test cases needed for large size program.

 Keywords: Software test, test case, program evaluation, reliable software system, test suite.

 

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Title: The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on the Software Performance: A Review
Author: Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4623940
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 13/03/2021
Date of Publication: 19/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/744.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 33-44
First Page: 33
Last Page: 44
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Dathar A. Hasan, Bzar Kh. Hussan, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree , Dindar M. Ahmed, Omar S. Kareem & Mohammed A. M. Sadeeq (2021). The Impact of Test Case Generation Methods on The Software Performance: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 33-44. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4623940

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/744.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dathar A. Hasan (corresponding author), Duhok Polytechnic University, Shekhan Technical Institute, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq. Email: dathar.hasan@dpu.edu.krd

Bzar Kh. Hussan, Erbil Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.

Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

Dindar M. Ahmed, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

Omar S. Kareem, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

Mohammed A. M.Sadeeq, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Region, Duhok, Iraq.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4623940

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Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government Md. Anwarul Azim

Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government

Author (s)

Md. Anwarul Azim

Abstract

­

Openness to international trade has brought about different development outcomes in different countries. Once it was thought that openness to trade is the panacea for development and it will always lead to positive development outcomes. However, Bangladesh’s experience of opening up to international trade suggests that it is a necessary but not sufficient condition for economic development. The country has experienced consistent economic growth throughout last two decades and a major contributor to her economic development has been export oriented Ready Made Garments (RMG) sector. Bangladesh could make RMG sector a success story owing to factor endowment of abundant labour. This comparative advantage in the factor of production allowed static gains like specialization to occur. However, only openness to trade did not make RMG sector a success story. The growth of RMG industries was supported by government as it introduced necessary institutional reforms related to RMG sector.  But the country failed to apply underlying comparative advantage in sectors other than RMG to be able to compete in global market. Under the mentioned backdrop, the purpose of this study is to analyze whether static gain has been transformed into dynamic one. To do so both qualitative and quantitative methods have been applied. Findings suggest that the country has been unable to achieve dynamic gains. In order to achieve dynamic gains openness to international trade must be supported by structural and institutional changes initiated by the government. The country should also focus on enhancing its comparative advantage by supporting existing sectors as well as promoting new sectors. In doing so trade policies should be directed towards signing free trade agreement (FTA) and export oriented labour intensive industrialization which in turn will lead to economic development and employment creation for the country.

 Keywords: International Trade, Comparative Advantage, Dynamic Gain, RMG, FTA.

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Title: Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government
Author: Md. Anwarul Azim
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 26/02/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/726.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 66-74
First Page: 66
Last Page: 74
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Anwarul Azim (2021). Development Outcomes from Openness to International Trade on Bangladesh’s Ready Made Garments Sector: Comparative Advantage, Need for Dynamic Gains and Role of the Government. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 66-74. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/726.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Anwarul Azim, Lecturer, Department of International Relations, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email:  azim2216@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610506

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Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku

Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem

Author (s)

Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku

Abstract

­

The study explores the impact of servant leadership on employee performance in public sectors, the mediating role of employee job satisfaction, commitment, and the moderating role of self-esteem in the case of Ethiopia’s public sector, Ministry of Revenue. The survey was adopted from the theory of servant leadership, employee job commitment, satisfaction, and performance. The study used primary and secondary data. And also used both qualitative and quantitative research methods. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has 200 public sectors and 158,617 employees.  The researcher selected the Ministry of Revenue, which has 12 branches of taxpayers, and 3959 employees to address the study. Among those taxpayers, the investigator had chosen five branches.  Data were collected from top-leaders, middle-leaders, and employees’ of the organization. Questionnaires were distributed for 363 potential respondents whereas 345 were completed and retrieved successfully, which is about a 95.04% response rate. The data was described by testing of nonresponse bias, reliability and validity tests of measurement scales used in the study, descriptive analysis based on respondent’s information, assessing data quality, the correlation between variables, and hypotheses testing using Structural Equation Model (SEM) and Regression Analysis. The data obtained from 38 structured survey questionnaires, and 5 unstructured interviews. To perform the data analysis, SPSS 26 and AMOS 24 statistical software versions were used. The study has a substantial role in bringing high employee job satisfaction, employee job commitment to purpose, and employee performance and enhances leadership competence in public sectors. Besides, the study provides knowledge into servant leadership literature and further research.

 Keywords: Servant Leadership, Employee Performance, Employee Satisfaction, Employee Commitment, and Self-Esteem.

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Title: Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem
Author: Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 15/03/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/725.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 44-65
First Page: 44
Last Page: 65
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Niu Xiongying & Zenebe Garedew Boku (2021). Impact of Servant Leadership on Employee Performance in Public Sectors: The Mediating Role of Employee Job Satisfaction, Commitment, and the Moderating Role of Self-Esteem. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 44-65. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/725.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Professor NiuXiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. 

Zenebe Garedew Boku (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: DE201865018@uibe.edu.cnzenebe196757@yahoo.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610120

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Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh Debproshad Dawn

Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Debproshad Dawn

Abstract

­

Bangladesh is a riverine country. Like the rivers of this country, the music flows in different ways and Jaggan is one of the musical heritage of Bangladesh.  The main reason for researching the Jaggan of Jessore district is to revive the almost extinct song, to make it known to the public about the musical heritage, and to make future generations aware of this heritage. This study describes that Jaggan is a bearer of our tradition. In my study, I presented the geographical location, naming, establishment, and brief history of Jaggan. The current study is qualitative in nature. For conducting this study, I utilized both primary and secondary data, For obtaining primary data, a personal depth interview has been conducted in the Jessore district of Bangladesh and secondary data of my study has been collected from published research journals, book chapters, and related academic papers. Through this research, a trend of extinction of traditional music has emerged that will attract future generations. Still, there is no research on this topic thus current study is one of the early studies on Jaggan. The country and the nation will be benefited if the medium of education and knowledge on Jaggan can spread to the new generation.

 Keywords: People, cultural heritage, Jaggan, geographical Infrastructure, psychological, direction.

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Title: Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangladesh
Author: Debproshad Dawn
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610011
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 11/03/2021
Date of Publication: 17/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/724.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 38-43
First Page: 38
Last Page: 43
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Debproshad Dawn (2021). Jaggan: Musical Heritage of Jessore District, Bangaldesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 38-43. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4610011

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/724.pdf

About Author (s)

Dr. Debproshad Dawn, Associate Professor, Department of Music, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: deb@du.ac.bd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4610011

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Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor

Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China

Author (s)

John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor

Abstract

­

Quick Response (QR) code utilization has exploded in China to a higher extent compared to other Western countries. QR codes have become part and parcel of the digital world and the online shopping environment in China. This study adopted the Theory of Diffusion of Innovations (DOI) as the theoretical framework of this study, to investigate the perceptions of how African students use QR codes for online shopping within China. The study utilized an online questionnaire design to collect data from 615 African students from 9 countries studying in 10 purposively sampled Chinese universities. One key finding of our study shows that the type of QR code mostly used among African students is the product information types and their reason for opting for the product information QR code type is mainly for searching for the right product before they do online shopping or buy. Our study also reported that despite some challenges identified by respondents, which include: the acquisition of a smartphone and the need to download an app, there a general level of acceptance of QR codes among African students in China. In conclusion, 55.9% of the sampled African students for this studying in China specified they were ready to recommend QR code usage in their respective African countries for online shopping.

 Keywords: African students, China, online shopping, perceptions, QR codes.

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Title: Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of QR Code Utilization among African University Students in China
Author: John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 13/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/723.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 22-37
First Page: 22
Last Page: 37
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

John Demuyakor & Isaac Demuyakor (2021). Online Shopping on the Go: An assessment of Quick Response Code (QRC) Utilization among African University Students in China. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 22-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/723.pdf

 

About Author (s)

John Demuyakor (corresponding author), Institute of Communication Studies, Communication University of China, Beijing, PR China. Email: tevezkanzo@outlook.com, Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6084-6951

Isaac Demuyakor, Harbin Medical University, Harbin City, Heilongjiang Province, PR China. Email : i.demuyakor@yahoo.com, Orcid : https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4089-8375.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4603186

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Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu

Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author (s)

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu

Abstract

­

Global and local challenges and changes in the structure of knowledge production and usage, have led to very many different types of innovations. Thus, recognizing and classifying such innovations is more complex, fragmented, and geographically dispersed academic and social venture. This study provides a quantitative longitudinal study of the determinants of innovation, their role in entrepreneurship innovation capacity and how they collectively add value to economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. The study used fixed effects with country dummies in the analysis where Stata software was used. The results generated are expected to use in enabling both other researchers and practitioners to navigate the complex web of innovation definitions and typologies and they collectively impact on economic growth in the poor world. The results indicated that the extent of staff training, brain drain, absence of excessive bureaucracy and red tape, intellectual property protection, venture capital availability and intensity of local competition among firms were positively and significantly correlated with entrepreneurial innovation capacity in SSA. On the other hand, government procurement of advanced technologies was negatively and significantly correlated with entrepreneurial innovation capacity in SSA. It is recommended that respective countries should put in mechanisms to capitalize from the positive benefits of brain drain, absence of excessive bureaucracy and red tape, venture capital availability, intensity of local competition among firms and tertiary education gross enrolment on the economy. This could be through increased investments in tertiary institutions and reduction of bureaucracy and corruption that will not only increase high quality production through increased labour productivity, but will also foster fair competition in the markets. The governments should also increase mechanisms that facilitate increased savings for investment and where possible adopt strategies that will encourage increased inflow of foreign direct investment.

 Keywords: Innovation Capacity, Entrepreneurial Innovation, FDI, Labour Force Participation Rate, Red Tape, Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Title: Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596907
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 11/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/722.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 8-21
First Page: 8
Last Page: 21
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga, Robert Moracha Ogeto & Xiongying Niu (2021). Effect of Determinants of Entrepreneurial Innovation on Businesses Innovation Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 8-21. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4596907

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/722.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Odhiambo Norbert Omuga (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: norbertomuga@yahoo.com

Robert Moracha Ogeto, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email:

Professor Xiongying Niu, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596907

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A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms

Author (s)

Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

Abstract

­

The detection of the tumor region in medical images such as (MRI, CT, X-Ray) a boring and time-consuming task is by radiologists or experts. So, in this review the accuracy is needed for detection the tumor. The area of medical imaging is also reducing complexity and improving diagnostic precision with the growth of information technology. This review paper makes a comparison between the k-mean, and fuzzy c-mean algorithms to display the results and accuracy of them to detection the brain tumor. The execution of the k-mean algorithm is based on centroid, size, split process, threshold, epoch, characteristics, and number of iterations, while Fuzzy C-mean is executed on the basis of the fuzziness value and the termination condition in medical images. In comparing the efficiency parameters with the state-of-the-art processes, the experimental outcomes demonstrate the importance of medical images (MRI, CT and X-Ray) and the accuracy of each algorithm that have been discussed.

 Keywords: Brain Tumor, Medical Images, Pre-processing, Segmentation, Feature Extraction, K- means.

 

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Title: A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms
Author: Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596362
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 07/03/2021
Date of Publication: 11/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/743.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 21-32
First Page: 21
Last Page: 32
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Noor Salah Hassan & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed (2021). A Comparative Study of Detect Brain Tumor Based on K-Means and Fuzzy C-Means Algorithms. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 21-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596362

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/743.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Noor Salah Hassan (corresponding author), Department of Information Technology, Akre Technical Collage, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Email:  noor.salah.hassan6@gmail.com

Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed, Department of Information Technology, Technical Collage of Administration, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Email:  nawzat.ahmed@dpu.edu.krd.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4596362

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A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors

Author (s)

Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed

Abstract

­

Brain tumor is one of the commonest tumors. For the diagnosis of this disease, automated detection and classification are crucial. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a unique sort of imaging which is utilized for detecting these tumors and categorizing them as benign or malignant using special algorithms such as of K-Nearest Neighbors (K-NN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM). The classification of brain tumors through imaging can be divided into four phases: pre-processing, extraction, segmentation and classification. This paper reviews some recent studies that highlight the efficacy of K-NN and SVM accuracies in classifying brain MRI images as normal or abnormal, benign or malignant.

 Keywords: brain tumor, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), classification, SVM, K-NN.

 

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Title: A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors
Author: Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4590054
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 05/03/2021
Date of Publication: 09/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/742.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 12-20
First Page: 12
Last Page: 20
Paper Type: Literature review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Shler Farhad Khorshid & Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed (2021). A comparison study: Classification brain tumor based on Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 12-20. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4590054

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/742.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shler Farhad Khorshid (corresponding author), Information Technology Department, Akre Technical College of Informatics, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. E-mail: Shler.sulayvani@gmail.com

Nawzat Sadiq Ahmed, Information Technology Management, Technical College of Administration, Duhok Polytechnic University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Email: nawzat.ahmed@dpu.edu.krd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4590054

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Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan

Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning

Author (s)

Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan

Abstract

­

Internet use in the Kurdistan region of Iraq has grown dramatically and has become an essential element of our daily lives, with hundred ISPs on hand and constantly increasing number of users by using e-learning platforms. The need for feedback is deeply linked to student participation and peer evaluation. It is also an issue of evaluation quality; how many feedbacks is made available, how they are given to students, how they are accepted by students, and to how much they are integrated into future instruction and learning. In this paper, three instruments, documentation, interviews and questionnaires were carried out to collect the data. Documentation was used to know the experiences of the students during classroom teaching and learning. The data were collected from the system application on our website. The data were called documentation. A survey is conducted comparing the feedback received from students on e-learning courses at the Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), with the results of analyzed 100 teachers’ e-learning courses in the Covid-19 period in 2020. Eighteen questions have been asked to 7709 students in 14 technical faculties (6 colleges and 8 institutes) at DPU. The students’ responses were classified to the questions related to teachers’ experiences on preparing courses, students’ interactions, using available e-learning tools and methods. A review has been made on (100) teachers’ courses in the Moodle platform as LMS (learning management systems) to reveal their course preparation, experiences on using available technologies. Our results showed 34.92% of participant students satisfied with e-learning, this means that 65.08% of students preferred face-to-face learning (in class), regarding the trustiness of feedback, reviewed courses and students’ responses which were significantly mismatched. This means that student feedback is not entirely reliable in the learning process.

 Keywords: E-learning, feedback, questionnaires, teacher experiences, survey.

 

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Title: Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning
Author: Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588538
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 03/03/2021
Date of Publication: 08/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/741.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-11
First Page: 1
Last Page: 11
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Sarbast H. Ali, Sardar Omar Salih, Arman Ismael Mohammed & Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan (2021). Evaluating Students Feedback Towards Teachers Performance on E-learning. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(6), 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588538

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/741.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sarbast H. Ali (corresponding author), Information Technology Department, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.  Email: sarbast.ali@dpu.edu.krd

Sardar Omar Salih, Information Technology Department, Duhok Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.

Arman Ismael Mohammed, Information Technology Department, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.

Omer Mohammed Salih Hassan, Information Technology Department, Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU), Duhok, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588538

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Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism Ratna Rani Das

Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism

Author (s)

Ratna Rani Das

Abstract

­

Buddhism is a religious of peace and harmony, The Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. This religion is known as the religion for enlightened people. Peace, happiness, social justice, compassion, integrity, mutual understands, trust, tolerance, and wisdom are the mind attributes of Buddha. These attributes are significant for bringing happiness, peace and tranquility in the society. This paper explores the concept of happiness and tranquility in the light of Buddha. It focuses on the necessity of following moral code of conduct and to follow four sublime states to bring peace in the society. This research paper also highlighted loving-kindness, compassion and sympathy to bring peace in the society for ensuring happiness for sustainable society.

 Keywords: Buddhism, religion, peace, happiness harmony, compassion, tranquillity.

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Title: Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism
Author: Ratna Rani Das
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588469
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 5
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 03/03/2021
Date of Publication: 08/03/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/721.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-7
First Page: 1
Last Page: 7
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Ratna Rani Das(2021). Social Tranquility and Happiness: A Study on Theravada Buddhism.International Journal of Science and Business, 5(5), 1-7.doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4588469

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/721.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ratna Rani Das, Lecturer, Dept. of Pali and Buddhist Studies, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Email: ratnaranidas.du@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4588469

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Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying

Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate

Author (s)

Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

­

This study empirically test the applicability of theory of planned behavior with additional variables of concern for food waste, religious commitment and awareness of consequences towards consumers food waste reduction intentions and afterward leftover foods’ reuse and donate behavior. A sample of 533 respondents were selected mainly from Punjab Pakistan. Data for this study is collected from young Pakistani household consumers. The study employed structure equation modeling (SEM) to test the hypothesized model. The results of the study showed that moral norms, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and food waste concerns may restricts consumers to avoid food wastage and promote waste reduction intentions. Furthermore the constructs of religious commitment and awareness of consequences by creating their moderating affect further strengthen this relationships. The results of the study establish that there is need to include favorable perception about benefits, cost, threat and risk associated with food waste in educational programs and advertising strategies. The inclusion of favorable perceptions becomes more effective specifically in case of socially proscribed behaviors that is food waste behaviors.

 Keywords: Theory of planned behavior, Concern for food waste, Religious commitment, Awareness of consequences, Food reuse, Food donate.

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Title: Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate
Author: Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4567415
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 20/02/2021
Date of Publication: 26/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/715.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 207-220
First Page: 207
Last Page: 220
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Atteeq ur Rahman & Niu Xiongying (2021). Antecedents and Consequents of Food Waste Reduction: Do Religious Commitment and Awareness of Consequences Moderate. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 207-220. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4567415

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/715.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Atteeq ur Rahman (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: atteequrrahman@gmail.com

Niu Xiongying, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4567415

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The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu

The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Author (s)

Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu

Abstract

­

Oilseeds contribute a significant amount to Sub-Saharan African countries’ agricultural products, produced for oil and protein, next to cereals and pulses. The region has a comparative advantage of producing and exporting different types of oilseeds, to serve the increasing demand worldwide. However, these countries experience very low performance in the international market. As a result, it becomes an important area of concern and intervention for the policymakers in these respective countries. There have been various researches done to explore the basic causes of export inefficiencies. Some of the study findings have been complementing, while others are contrasting and many of the researches do not acknowledge the internal and external factors that determine the region’s agricultural commodities export competitiveness. Considering relevant panel data in the years 1995 to 2017 and applying the fixed-effect model, the study examines the moderating effect of the institutional environment on the link between factor and demand conditions and the export competitiveness of oilseeds. The result prevails as productivity and export quantity have a significant effect on export competitiveness and the institutional environment significantly moderates their relationship. The study contributes to both theory (competitive advantage, institutional-based view theory) and practice (oilseed industry leaders and policymakers).

 Keywords: Oilseed industry, export competitiveness, institutional environment, Sub-Saharan African Countries.

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Title: The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries
Author: Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4565105
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 09/02/2021
Date of Publication: 26/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/714.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 189-206
First Page: 189
Last Page: 206
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Destaw M. Mazengia & Xia Youfu (2021). The Moderating Effect of Institutional Environment on Oilseed Export Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 189-206. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4565105

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/714.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Destaw M. Mazengia (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: enatdendes@gmail.com, DE201765008@uibe.edu.cn

Xia Youfu, International trade and industrial economics, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing, P.R. China 100029. Email: youfuxia@china.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4565105

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Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment Hasan Farid & Xiongying Niu

Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment

Author (s)

Hasan Farid & Xiongying Niu

Abstract

­

This study aims at exploring the effects of work method autonomy (WMA), decision-making autonomy (DMA), and work scheduling autonomy (WSA) on customer orientation through employees’ affective commitment based on self-determination theory. The data was collected from full time front-line service workers in hospitality industry of China by employing cross-sectional design of study. The results show that three types of autonomy (WMA, DMA, WSA) are positively related with affective commitment and affective commitment has a positive effect on employees’ customer-oriented behavior. The results also postulate that affective commitment mediates the relationship between types of autonomy (WMA, DMA, WSA) and employees’ customer-oriented behavior. The study suggests that hospitality managers should shape such an environment in which they can provide employees with autonomy in choosing methods, schedules and making decisions so that they can experience affective commitment and get motivate to exhibit customer-oriented behaviors.

 Keywords: Work method autonomy, decision-making autonomy, work scheduling autonomy, affective commitment, customer orientation.

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Title: Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment
Author: Hasan Farid & Xiongying Niu
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561761
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 15/02/2021
Date of Publication: 25/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/713.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 180-188
First Page: 180
Last Page: 188
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hasan Farid & Niu Xiongying (2021). Impact of Job autonomy on Customer orientation: Mediating role of Affective commitment. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 180-188. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4561761

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/713.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hasan Farid (corresponding author), Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, P.R. China. Email: hassaanfarid3@gmail.com

Xiongying Niu, Business school, University of International Business and Economics, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561761

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Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying

Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework

Author (s)

Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

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This study empirically investigates the applicability of the push-pull-mooring (PPM) framework on restaurant switching intentions. The employed framework is the theoretical extension of the current PPM Model, which is uncommon in the literature. The antecedents of this research are push variables (satiation with food, satiation with service, satiation with atmosphere); pull (post dining regret, alternative attractiveness); the moderating variables are mooring (self-control, place attachment, OSL). The study uses Chinese restaurants market, which is highly competitive and diverse in terms product offerings and quality customer services in complex environment. The study employed variance based Structural Equation modeling with Partial Least Square estimators. The results show that push, pull and mooring variables have positive significant impact on restaurant switching intentions. It is also evident with statistical analysis that pull factors more favorably contributed as compared to push factors. The findings also reflect that mooring variable significantly moderates between push factors and restaurant switching intentions and pull factors and restaurant switching intentions. The findings are robust to the policy implications.

 Keywords: Switching intention, Satiation, Post dining regret, Self-control, Optimal Stimulation Level (OSL), Place attachment, Alternative attractiveness.

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Title: Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework
Author: Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561725
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 15/02/2021
Date of Publication: 25/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/712.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 166-179
First Page: 166
Last Page: 179
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Waqas Manzoor Dar & Niu Xiongying (2021). Understanding the determinants of Restaurant Switching intentions: The Utilization of Push-Pull-Mooring framework. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 166-179. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4561725

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/712.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Waqas Manzoor Dar (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China & University of Gujrat, Pakistan. Email: waqas.manzoor@uog.edu.pk

Niu Xiongying, Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, 100029, P.R. China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561725

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Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias

Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe

Author (s)

Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias

Abstract

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The purpose of the study was to explore challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro finance sector. This was necessitated by the importance of growth of women entrepreneurs to economic development of countries.  An exploration research design was adopted for this study. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and interviews from 200 female entrepreneurs in the micro finance sector in Harare. The results showed that the social factors such as too many family responsibilities, segregation in terms of accessing capital resources and gender stereo typing were negatively affecting the growth and success of women owned micro-finance institutions. The study noted that business environment factors such as hyperinflation, weak currency, low demand for loans due to poverty, and unemployment and unpredictable policies were negatively affecting the growth of women owned micro finance institutions. The study also noted that regulations from the Central Bank on the operations, registration and licensing of micro-finance had not significantly affected the growth of women owned micro-finance institutions in Harare. The main limitations of the study are that the findings may not be generalized to all female owned entrepreneurs in Zimbabwe because the sample was drawn from Harare so they may be a need to make use of a larger sample. The findings of this study are of value to the operations and successful growth of women owned financial sector, Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe, the government of Zimbabwe and the women in general. Identification of the challenges will shape and inform all future intervention policies and programs to support the growth of women owned micro-finance sector in Zimbabwe. In addition, the growth of women entrepreneurs will reduce poverty among women, promote economic empowerment and lead to gender equality. The findings of this study are based on the data collected from women who own and operate micro-finance institution in Harare and hence the challenges identified are original and true. This implies that addressing the challenges identified in this study will lead to growth and success of women owned micro-finance institutions.

 Keywords: Female entrepreneurs, growth of women entrepreneurs, Microfinance, economic empowerment , Zimbabwe.

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Title: Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe
Author: Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561669
Media: Online
Volume: 5
Issue: 4
Acceptance Date: 30/01/2021
Date of Publication: 25/02/2021
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/711.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 158-165
First Page: 158
Last Page: 165
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Josphat Nyoni, Patricia Matore, Martin Dandira & Kandjinga Elias (2021). Exploring challenges affecting the growth of women entrepreneurs in the micro- finance sector in Harare, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Science and Business, 5(4), 158-165. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561669

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/711.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Josphat Nyoni (corresponding author), Women’s University in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe. Email: jnyoni664@gmail.com

Patricia Matore, Women’s University in Africa, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Martin Dandira, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia.

Kandjinga Elias, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Namibia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4561669