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Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges’ total trade and total value in Bangladesh Shaikh Mostak Ahammad & Md. Azmir Sharif

Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges’ total trade and total value in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad &  Md. Azmir Sharif

Abstract

This study investigates the relationships of total trade and total value between the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE) in Bangladesh. To get the results, various unit root tests, the Granger causality test, and the Johansen cointegration test are employed. Daily data from January 2015 to May 2017 is used to check the relationship. The empirical results of unit root tests (Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test, Phillips-Perron (PP) test, Kwiatkowski, Phillips, Schmidt, and Shin (KPSS) Test, and Elliott–Rothenberg–Stock (ERS) test) evidenced that total trade and the total value of DSE and CSE are stationary at their first differences. The Granger causality test found that total trade and the total value of DSE cause total trade and the total value of CSE and also total trade and the total value of CSE causes total trade and the total value of DSE meaning that there is bidirectional causality exists between the selected variables. The Johansen cointegration test showed that there is no cointegrating relationship among the variables indicating that there is no long-run relationship among total trade and total value between DSE and CSE.

 Keywords: Dhaka Stock Exchange, Chittagong Stock Exchange, Total trade, Total value, Granger Causality test, Johansen Cointegration test.

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Title: Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges’ total trade and total value in Bangladesh
Author: Shaikh Mostak Ahammad &  Md. Azmir Sharif
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4036073
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 14/09/2020
Date of Publication: 18/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/602.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 88-98
First Page: 88
Last Page: 98
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad &  Md. Azmir Sharif (2020). Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges total trade and total value in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 88-98. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4036073

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/602.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad Ph.D., Professor, Department of Accounting, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh. Email: mostak@hstu.ac.bd

Md. Azmir Sharif (corresponding author), Lecturer in Accounting, Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: sharifazmir@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4036073

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Theoretical Inspection and Rethink of Marketing Mix Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Theoretical Inspection and Rethink of Marketing Mix

Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Abstract

The world is relentlessly changing which creating new trades. A few ages past, speediness of these revolutions, maybe it was every fasten of years or every decade, but straightaway, every year or every month we are nearsighted new goods and products that in the history there was not any kind of them. Every company should not neglect to take virtuous maintenance of customers that helps to partake the right planning and aiming people, the right product or service, right place or distribution, right price, right promotion, right physical and psychological evidence, with the right amount of productivity & quality performance in carrying the Ps of Marketing. This paper aims to undertake an extensive literature review from the past studies related to the concept of the marketing mix and descriptive analysis is used to analyze the best practice among the 8Ps or more Ps of marketing mix towards business performance. Equally, a tool of marketing strategy and theoretical framework grants a view of different theories of marketing mix where marketers should be considered before launching a product. Firms should plan a targeted approach on these different components which help the firm in formulating strategic decisions. The study provides managers with theoretical guidance and concept on how the marketing mix will improve the organization’s performance.

 Keywords: Marketing Mix, History, Pros and Cons, Elements, Five product level, Product Life cycle..

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Title: Theoretical Inspection and Rethink of Marketing Mix
Author: Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4030795
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 09/09/2020
Date of Publication: 15/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/601.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 77-87
First Page: 77
Last Page: 87
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari (2020). Theoretical Inspection And Rethink of Marketing Mix. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 77-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4030795

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/601.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti (corresponding author), Independent University, Bangladesh.

Md. Murshedul Bari, Daffodil International University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4030795

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Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges at Present: A Study on Consumer Perspective During COVID-19 Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges at Present:

 A Study on Consumer Perspective During COVID-19

Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Abstract

All businesses approved many tactics where digital marketing is the unsurpassed one that is so flexible, trackable, and accessible and having exclusively placed to reach business ambitions. During the COVID-19 pandemic, incredible challenges faced by many businesses. Consumer awareness and attitude are imperative because it provides a good perception to create content about product or services. So here, digital marketing is light of heaven that has opened up the way to touch consumers. This paper has intentions to illustrate a wide present literature and on what is happening in the business world related to the idea of digital marketing and descriptive analysis is used to examine the practice during COVID-19 pandemic towards business performance. This paper mainly focus on conceptual understanding of digital marketing and is concerned with consumers and also allows the customers to interact with the product by virtue of digital media. The paper is based on secondary data such as many articles, reports, various websites and information on the internet have been reviewed. In this study, We agreed that businesses can genuinely benefit from Digital Marketing such as search engine optimization (SEO), content marketing, social media marketing, e-mail marketing, online advertising. It has converted one of the powerful weapons that make new alignment for all business so firms should plan an aimed attitude formulating planned conclusions.

 Keywords: Digital Marketing, Digital Transformation, AIDA Model, Traditional vs Digital, Strategies, COVID-19: Impact on Ecommerce.

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Title: Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges at Present: A Study on Consumer Perspective During COVID-19
Author: Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4032466
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 09/09/2020
Date of Publication: 15/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/600.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 64-76
First Page: 64
Last Page: 76
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari (2020). Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges At Present, A Study On Consumer Perspective During COVID-19. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 64-76. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4032466

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/600.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti (corresponding author), Independent University, Bangladesh.

Md. Murshedul Bari, Daffodil International University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4032466

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Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function Deeti Saha

Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function

Author (s)

Deeti Saha

Abstract

This study intends to compare the economic performance and examine the relationship between real GDP (dependence variable) and total labor force and gross fixed capital formation (independent variables) in the case of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation) countries based on the Cobb Douglas production function. To conduct the study, time series data were used from 1980-2017 in four countries and 1990-2017 in four other countries. The ordinary least square method (OLS) was used to measure the linear regression model. The Breusch-Pagan-Godfrey and Breusch-Godfrey Serial Correlation LM Test tests were used to test for heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation. The adjusted R-Squared shows that 96.81%, 99.98%, 99.74%, 99.85%, 99.36%, 97.84%, 99.65%, and 99.89% of the total variation in the dependent variable (GDP) in the case of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal, and Pakistan respectively are explained by the fitted regression equation. That means the economies of SAARC countries are well defined by the Cobb-Douglas production function. The economies of Afghanistan, India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal show increasing returns to scale. The economies of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, and Pakistan show decreasing returns to scale. It is also noteworthy that the economies of the four countries show increasing returns to scale; these countries also have better marginal productivity of labor and marginal productivity of capital performance. Per capita GDP, GDP growth rate, labor and capital, the marginal productivity of labor and marginal productivity of capital, the elasticity of labor and capital have been highlighted to compare the economic performance of SAARC countries. The quality of the labor force is essential for sustainable capital investment.

 Keywords: Cobb-Douglas Production Function, Returns to Scale, Marginal Productivity of Labor, Marginal Productivity of Capital, Growth Rate, Elasticity of Labor, Elasticity of capital.

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Title: Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function
Author: Deeti Saha
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026029
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 10/09/2020
Date of Publication: 12/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/599.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 39-63
First Page: 39
Last Page: 63
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Deeti Saha (2020). Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 39-63. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026029

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/599.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Deeti Saha, MBA Student, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026029

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Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade? Caroline Ntara

Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade?

Author (s)

Caroline Ntara

Abstract

The East African Community (EAC) and European Union (EU), have an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) initiated in October 2014.  The EAC agreed to negotiate on the EPA in order to participate beneficially in the global economy, decrease poverty and support their economic development. By fast-tracking the already existing economic integration, the EAC wanted to eliminate barriers to trade, form bigger markets and stimulate productivity and investment expansions.  This paper predicts the trade in commodities between the EAC and EU for 10 years using import and export data from 2009-2016. Regression analysis is used to forecast the level of imports and exports. The study uses a linear model Ft=a+bt+ ε to forecast the level of imports and exports. Two linear models one for imports (Ft=2,791,351.50+28,196t) and another for exports (Ft=4,177,572.071 +62,500.3t) were formulated. The study concludes that there is no significant difference caused by BREXIT on EAC-EU commodity trade in 10 years.

 Keywords: Trading blocs, International trade, Economic Partnership Agreement, Brexit, Import, Export.

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Title: Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade?
Author: Caroline Ntara
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026020
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 10/09/2020
Date of Publication: 12/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/598.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 27-38
First Page: 27
Last Page: 38
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Caroline Ntara (2020). Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade? International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 27-38. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4026020

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/598.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Caroline Ntara, Monarch Business School, Switzerland.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026020

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The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh Sanjida Afrin

The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Sanjida Afrin

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to assess the intensity of ‘Non-performing Loan’ and its adverse impact on the performance and profitability of the banking sector of Bangladesh. A comparative scenario of state-owned commercial banks and private commercial banks have also been presented in this study. The foregoing discussion of NPL from the perspective of Bangladesh reveals that the amount of defaulted loans have reached an alarming position which degrades the banking industry and makes the economy stagnant. The comparative analysis showed that SOCBs have a higher amount of total NPL, gross NPL ratio and net NPL ratio than that of PCBs. Share in industry total assets, share in deposit and also change in the contribution of industry assets of SOCBs are very lower in comparison to PCBs. Capital adequacy, capital to risk-weighted assets, ROA, ROE and maintained provision of SOCBs are very poor while PCBs have satisfactory performance. Active implementation of policies, proper and adequate surveillance of SOCBs, qualified and neutral board members and non-executives, improved lending process, enforcement of punishable measures and most importantly strong ethical attitude are some of the possible and effective recommendations that should be implemented to eradicate the root of NPL from this emerging economy.

 Keywords: Non-performing loan, State-owned commercial bank, Private commercial bank, Bangladesh Bank, Provision, loan recovery.

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Title: The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh
Author: Sanjida Afrin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4019323
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 05/09/2020
Date of Publication: 08/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/597.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 16-26
First Page: 16
Last Page: 26
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sanjida Afrin (2020). The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 16-26. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4019323

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/597.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sanjida Afrin, MBA, Department of  Accounting and Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4019323

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Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and Its Linkage to the Management Fee Meher Nigar Mila

Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and Its Linkage to the Management Fee

Author (s)

Meher Nigar Mila

Abstract

This report mainly focuses on identifying the managerial skills of fund managers, asset management companies in managing closed-end mutual funds of Bangladesh those are floated during 2013 to 2019 and which allowed to review the management fee system in the mutual fund industry. The analysis found that six fund managers have positive alphas or can produce an abnormal return, which is significant, six other fund managers can be called neither significant nor worst and seven other fund managers have negative alphas or cannot earn excess return due to the lack of managerial skills which are not significant statistically. The highest value in R-square refers that the movement of these mutual funds can be explained not only by the market index but also by the other three factors. It can be concluded that some fund managers have managerial skills, and some don’t have skills, but the current management fee structure system of Bangladesh is counterproductive. This report finds that the seven fund managers with negative alpha, get the same or higher management fees just like the fund managers of positive alpha.

 Keywords: Managerial Skills, Closed-End Mutual Fund, Management Fee, Carhart model, Abnormal return, Asset management.

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Title: Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and Its Linkage to the Management Fee
Author: Meher Nigar Mila
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4013900
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 29/08/2020
Date of Publication: 03/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/596.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-15
First Page: 1
Last Page: 15
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Meher Nigar Mila (2020). Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and its Linkage to the Management Fee. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 1-15. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4013900

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/596.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Meher Nigar Mila,Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4013900

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An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection Soiloor Nandini Arunima

An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection

Author (s)

Soiloor Nandini Arunima

Abstract

In the current study entitling “An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection”, I critically examine the practices of environmental accounting in listed companies in Bangladesh and how it can be linked with the near goal of Bangladesh “Vision 2021” which is the election manifesto of current government. Vision 2021 has eight goals and our environmental issues are given priority in that case. As EAR is voluntary reporting, stakeholder theory and legitimacy theory can be related. Content analysis is used as methodology and taking 52 listed companies of Dhaka Stock Exchange randomly from 10 main industries and world bank report in order to know prevailing environmental situation in Bangladesh. The study has found there is a severe environmental degradation over years and listed companies are not aware of EAR in Bangladesh. Lastly, the paper suggests some recommendation to focus on EAR in order to achieve Vision 2021.

 Keywords: Environmental accounting reporting, Vision 2021, Listed companies, Dhaka Stock Exchange.

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Title: An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection
Author: Soiloor Nandini Arunima
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999511
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 23/08/2020
Date of Publication: 25/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/593.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 113-124
First Page: 113
Last Page: 124
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Soiloor Nandini Arunima (2020). An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 113-124. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999511

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/593.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Soiloor Nandini Arunima, MBA, Department of Accounting and Information Systems,            University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999511

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Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks Ildar Rakhmatulin

Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks

Author (s)

Ildar Rakhmatulin

Abstract

The basis of the work of electroencephalography (EEG) is the registration of electrical impulses from the brain using a special sensor or electrode. This method is used to treat and diagnose various diseases. In the past few years, due to the development of neural network technologies, the interest of researchers in EEG has noticeably increased. Neural networks for training the model require obtaining data with minimal noise distortion. In the processing of EEG signals to eliminate noise (artifacts), signal filtering and various methods for extracting signs are used. The presented manuscript provides a detailed analysis of modern methods for extracting the signs of an EEG signal used in studies of the last decade. The information presented in this paper will allow researchers to understand how to more carefully process the data of EEG signals before using neural networks to classify the signal. Due to the absence of any standards in the method of extracting EEG signs, the most important moment of this manuscript is a detailed description of the necessary steps for recognizing artifacts, which will allow researchers to maximize the potential of neural networks in the tasks of classifying EEG signal.

 Keywords: Fast Fourier transform (FFT) EEG, wavelet transform (WT) EEG, EEG machine learning, extraction of EEG features, EEG signal filtering, EEG neural networks, bci feature selection, brain computer interface.

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Title: Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks
Author: Ildar Rakhmatulin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3987894
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 10/08/2020
Date of Publication: 17/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/592.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 101-112
First Page: 101
Last Page: 112
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rakhmatulin Ildar (2020). Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 101-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3987894

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/592.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rakhmatulin Ildar, PhD. South Ural State University, Department of Power Plants Networks and Systems, Chelyabinsk city, Russia, 454080.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3987894

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Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size Abebe Shawul Arsedi & Yu Li

Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size

Author (s)

Abebe Shawul Arsedi  & Yu Li

Abstract

The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effects of the similarity in the skill resources of the merging firms on the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms. The study investigates the post-acquisition performance of 313 samples of merger and acquisition transactions completed from 2003 to 2015 by American firms operating in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. The study find out that the similarity between the merging firms in the degree of emphasis they give to the marketing activities can lead to a positive post-acquisition performance for the acquiring firms. On the contrary, the similarity between the merging firms in the degree of emphasis given to R&D activities is found to negatively affect the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms. In addition, the study find out that the acquirers size positively moderates the relationship between the similarity in the degree of emphasis given to marketing activities by the merging firms and the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms. It indicates that larger acquirers have extra resources which they can invest to facilitate the integration and the learning process for the marketing teams of the merging firms to share ideas and knowledge which may positively influence the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms.

 Keywords: Skill Resources Similarity, Acquirer Size, Acquirer Post-acquisition Performance, R&D Resources, Marketing Resources.

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Title: Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size
Author: Abebe Shawul Arsedi  & Yu Li
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3984979
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 10/08/2020
Date of Publication: 12/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/591.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 79-100
First Page: 79
Last Page: 100
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Abebe Shawul Arsedi & Yu Li (2020). Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 79-100. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3984979

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/591.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abebe Shawul Arsedi (Corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Yu Li, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3984979

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Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh Md Masukor Rahaman

Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance:

Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md Masukor Rahaman

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of intellectual capital reporting in the annual reports of Pharmaceuticals company listed at Dhaka Stock Exchange on their performance. This paper uses sample of 31 pharmaceuticals company for the period 2016-2017. To measure the extent of IC disclosure on the annual report a disclosure index (ICDSI) is developed. Information related to firm performance is obtained from annual report. Correlation and regression analysis have been used for data analysis. This paper found positive relation of IC disclosure with two performance measure (ROE and ROA) but negative relation with EPS. However, relationship is not significant. The impact of control variables on firm performance is also mixed and narrow. The reason for limited association among the variables can be lower amount of disclosure, unrelated concept of firm performance and ICDSI. The mean disclosure is only 23%. Overall findings of the paper suggest company disclose human capital information mostly. Further study may include longitudinal study with more sample size and control variable. This study will help academics who want to work in IC literature. Manager of Pharmaceutical will get to know which IC information reporting will give them organizational benefit. Regulator can get useful insights from this paper to formulate and implement IC related guideline. This paper is one the very first paper in Bangladesh to investigate IC disclosures impact on firm performance through developing ICDSI index.

 Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Annual Report, Firm Performance,  Dhaka Stock Exchange, ICDSI.

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Title: Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh
Author: Md Masukor Rahaman
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980888
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 08/08/2020
Date of Publication: 12/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/590.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 60-78
First Page: 60
Last Page: 78
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Masukor Rahaman (2020). Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance:  Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 60-78. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3980888

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/590.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md Masukor Rahaman, Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980888

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How to Enhance Word of Mouth in the Era of E-commerce: Case study of Tokopedia Hananiel M. Gunawan & Oliandes Sondakh

How to Enhance Word of Mouth in the Era of E-commerce: Case study of Tokopedia

Author (s)

Hananiel M. Gunawan & Oliandes Sondakh

Abstract

In this internet era, companies a racing to provide the best online shopping experience for their customers. Customer satisfaction is still one of the most crucial aspect in maintaining customer loyalty for their online shopping behavior. Tokopedia is one of the most advanced, growing, and well known market place for online shoppers in Indonesia. This paper will examine the word of mouth of online shoppers and also how to enhance it. It also useful to be the basis for reference on the influence of perceived website quality, social influence and recommendation and experience on performance expectancy; performance expectancy for customer satisfaction and Word-of-Mouth; and customer satisfaction with Word-of-Mouth. This model was developed in order to conduct a Word-of-Mouth research conducted on the Tokopedia online shopping site in Surabaya. This research model is formed from the relationship between Perceived Website Quality, Social Influence and Recommendation, Experience, Performance Expectancy and Customer Satisfaction. This study used simple regression analysis to determine and test the hypothesis using SPSS software. Based on the data processing that has been done, the results show that Social Influence and Recommendation, and Experience have a significant effect on Performance Expectancy; Performance Expectancy has a significant effect on Customer Satisfaction and Word of Mouth; Customer Satisfaction has a significant effect on Word of Mouth, while Perceived Website Quality has a positive but not significant effect on Performance Expectancy.

 Keywords: Perceived Website Quality, Social Influence and Recommendation, Experience, Performance Expectancy, Customer Satisfaction, Word of mouth.

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Title: How to Enhance Word of Mouth in the Era of E-commerce: Case study of Tokopedia
Author: Hananiel M. Gunawan & Oliandes Sondakh
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980775
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 15/06/2020
Date of Publication: 12/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/589.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 47-59
First Page: 47
Last Page: 59
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hananiel M. Gunawan & Oliandes Sondakh  (2020). How to Enhance Word of Mouth in the Era of E-commerce: Case study of Tokopedia. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 47-59. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980775

 

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/589.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Hananiel M. Gunawan, (Corresponding author) Business School Lecturer at Universitas Pelita Harapan (Surabaya Campus) Indonesia.

Oliandes Sondakh, Business School Lecturer at Universitas Pelita Harapan (Surabaya Campus) Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980775

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Environmental and Individual Determinants of Entrepreneurial Growth Md Arifuzzaman

Environmental and Individual Determinants of Entrepreneurial Growth

Author (s)

Md Arifuzzaman

Abstract

Entrepreneurial growth is predicted to be related to micro variables (motivations) and macro variables (infrastructure elements) but in a differential way. Infrastructure variables are tested as moderators in the motivation-growth relationship. Motivations are further categorized into internal pull and external push factors. A rich sample of 405 recently- minted entrepreneurs in a privatizing economy (Bangladesh) was surveyed. Results essentially confirmed the predictions, with motivations playing a larger role than anticipated. Implications were discussed for policymakers charged with the responsibilities of economic development through entrepreneurship.

 Keywords: Internal pull factors, External push factors, Determinants, Motivation-Growth Relationship, Entrepreneurial Growth.

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Title: Environmental and Individual Determinants of Entrepreneurial Growth
Author: Md Arifuzzaman
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980712
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 12/07/2020
Date of Publication: 12/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/583.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 113-126
First Page: 113
Last Page: 126
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Arifuzzaman (2020). Environmental and Individual Determinants of Entrepreneurial Growth. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 113-126. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980712

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/583.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Md Arifuzzaman, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980712

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Spirit of Liberation War and It’s Practice Among Young Generation Shanjia Shams

Spirit of Liberation War and It’s Practice Among Young Generation

Author (s)

Shanjia Shams

Abstract

Liberation war of Bangladesh is indeed a unique episode of her history. This history is the extreme level of the movements of 24years including language movement of ’48 & ’52, election of ’54, establishing Bengali as one the state languages of Pakistan in ’56, education movement of ’62, six point Bengali nationalist movement of ’66, mass uprising of ’69, gaining majority of Awami League in general election of ’70. Around 3million people were killed and 2lakhs women were abused between that 9months. Nevertheless, practice of the spirit of liberation war has been temporized and true history has been procrastinated to record. Through this study, the researcher tried to find out how the young generation think about liberation war and how much they are intended to practice the spirit of liberation war in daily life. This study has been accomplished in qualitative method. A specific number of participants have been sampled to collect data. These data have been analyzed meticulously and according to those, some initiatives have been recommended to deal with it.

 Keywords: Secession, Mujubnagar Govt, Intrusion,  Contortion, Existence, Atrocities.

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Title: Spirit of Liberation War and It’s Practice Among Young Generation
Author: Shanjia Shams
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3979688
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 10/08/2020
Date of Publication: 12/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/588.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 38-46
First Page: 38
Last Page: 46
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shanjia Shams (2020). Spirit of Liberation War and It’s Practice Among Young Generation. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 38-46. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3979688

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/588.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shanjia Shams, Department of BLWS, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3979688

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Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh Samia Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan

Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Samia  Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan

Abstract

Commercial banks play a crucial role in the context of modern business world. Being financial intermediaries, banks effectively contributes to the economic growth of our country. The relationship between changing interest rates and its impact on bank’s profitability has become a sensitive fact of having paramount importance. A comprehensive study has been conducted by using 5 consecutive years’ data (2014-2018) of all the 30 listed commercial banks of Bangladesh. The secondary data was collected from annual reports of corresponding commercial banks. This study represents the association and effect of interest rate changes on bank’s profitability. It also shows empirical charts, graphs regarding analyzing data and communicating results. This report has been divided into seven chapters for the convenience of preparation. Descriptive analysis, linear regression analysis, multivariate analysis, analysis of variance, correlation analysis, multicollinearity test and durbin-watson test have been carried out to establish and explain the relationship between stated two facts. It is derived from the study that change in Interest rate has significant impact on the profitability of commercial banks. Interest rate spread positively impact the profitability measures of the study (ROE, ROA, and NIM).

 Keywords: Interest rate change, Profitability, Bank rate, Commercial banks, Bangladesh.

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Title: Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh
Author: Samia  Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965681
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 28/07/2020
Date of Publication: 29/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/587.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 17-37
First Page: 17
Last Page: 37
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Samia  Nur Jui, Rokibul Hasan Sakib & Md. Abu Rafsan (2020). Association between Interest Rate Changes and Profitability of Commercial Banks of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 17-37. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965681

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/587.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Samia  Nur Jui, Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Rokibul Hasan Sakib (corresponding author), Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Md. Abu Rafsan, Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965681

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Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh Rokibul Hasan Sakib and Dewan Azmal Hossain

Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Rokibul Hasan Sakib and Dewan Azmal Hossain

Abstract

This report focuses on the determinants of profitability of 30 DSE listed Commercial banks of Bangladesh from 2010 to 2017. The analysis part of this paper includes multiple regressions to determine impact of significant variables on profitability. The findings of this paper suggests that the net interest margin ratio (NIM), Asset size (LOGA), the ratio of operating expense (OPEX) are significant against the dependent variable called Return on Equity (ROE). Interest income is main source of income for banks. The finding suggests that if asset size increases, return on equity (ROE) will decrease and if operating expense ratio increases, return on equity decreases.  Additional analysis is done in return on assets (ROA) and return on operating assets (ROOA) to justify whether the results meet with the main analysis.  The findings of this study suggest that commercial banks should be more careful while giving loans with diversified portfolio maintenance.

 Keywords: Determinants, profitability, portfolio, performance, Commercial banks, Bangladesh.

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Title: Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh
Author: Rokibul Hasan Sakib and Dewan Azmal Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965656
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 26/07/2020
Date of Publication: 29/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/586.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-16
First Page: 1
Last Page: 16
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rokibul Hasan Sakib and  Dewan Azmal Hossain (2020). Determinants of Profitability of Commercial Banks in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 1-16. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965656

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/586.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rokibul Hasan Sakib (Corresponding author), Post graduate student, Department of            Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh

 Dewan Azmal Hossain, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of   Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh. ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2311-6941

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965656

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How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles Lual Daniel Kur & Niu xiongying

How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles

 

Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu xiongying

Abstract

The study investigated how Chinese expatriates Transformational Leadership to local people affect staff performance, evaluation roles, and rating, and the relationship between change leadership and job performance and organizational behavior. The researcher assessed the participatory role of the work through the organization’s work ethic and cultural intelligence. It is also a necessary role for African labor values ​​through labor performance with the OCB. The investigator sampled 300 staff members and 20 guards. 2 questionnaires used for data collection. The information was coded, filtered, and uploaded to SPSS. Correlation analysis, regression analysis, Andrew F. Hayes 3.4 procedure, and Sobel test are used to answer the hypothesis. The results of this study suggested that there is a linear relationship that exists between transformation leadership and performance. Also, change leadership had an indirect relationship with organizational cultural practices.

 Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Employee performance, Local People, task performance, South Sudan.

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Title: How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles
Author: Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965559
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 22/07/2020
Date of Publication: 29/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/582.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 92-112
First Page: 92
Last Page: 112
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu xiongying (2020). How Chinese Expatriates Transformational Leadership affect the Employees Performance: mediating and moderating roles. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 92-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965559

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/582.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Niu xiongying , Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3965559

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Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites: An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh Dewan Azmal Hossain

Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites:

An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the current scenario of the disclosure of sustainability in the annual reports and websites of the listed banks in Bangladesh. In this study, the financial year 2019 has been selected (most current at the time of conducting this study) to examine the changes in various aspects of sustainability disclosure over the period of time. It is found that banks disclosed more information in annual reports compared to that of corporate websites.  Based on average sentences disclosed, Human Resource Development disclosure is the highest, and Energy consumption and savings related disclosure is the lowest compare to other items disclosed. Based on average sentences disclosed, third-generation banks disclosed more information compared to first and second-generation banks, and conventional banks with Islamic windows disclosed more information compared to sharia-based Islamic banks and interest-based commercial banks. This study also develops a theoretical framework to explain the results.

 Keywords: Sustainability disclosure, annual reports, websites, Banking Industry, Bangladesh, GRI.

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Title: Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites: An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh
Author: Dewan Azmal Hossain
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3963740
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 26/07/2020
Date of Publication: 28/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/581.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 76-91
First Page: 76
Last Page: 91
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Dewan Azmal Hossain (2020). Revisiting Sustainability Disclosure in Annual Reports and Websites:  An Empirical Examination from the Banking Industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 76-91. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3963740

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/581.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dewan Azmal Hossain, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

ORCID iD: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2311-6941

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3963740

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Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh Maliha Rabeta

Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Maliha Rabeta

Abstract

This study has been initiated as an effort to understand working capital management practices of firms in the Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals Industry in Bangladesh. It has focused on relationship between the working capital variables and firm performance using panel data consisting of a sample of 31 firms from the Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals industry for a period of 19 years from 2000 to 2018. Various types of statistical tools such as mean, median, quartile analysis, graphs and charts and regression analysis have been used for the analyses. Fixed Effect model regression has been used based on the output of the Hausman Test. For testing the relationship between a firm’s profitability and its norms of working capital management, regression has been run considering Basic Earning Power as a dependent variable and current ratio, the cash conversion cycle, quick ratio, inventory conversion period, payable deferral period, days sales outstanding as explanatory variables. The cash cycle has a negative impact on the basic earning power which signifies that, as the cycle grows bigger the core profitability of the business reduces. The same applies for holding inventory for a longer period as it reduces core profitability. As the time to collect payment for sales increases, the core profitability of a business decreases. As companies age, they enjoy learning effects and become more efficient so positive relationship with core profitability exists. The major findings hence indicate that working capital is found to have significant impact on core profitability of firms in Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals industry.

 Keywords: Working capital, Basic earning power, Cash conversion cycle, Days Sales outstanding, Inventory conversion period, Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals, Bangladesh.

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Title: Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh
Author: Maliha Rabeta
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959157
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 19/07/2020
Date of Publication: 24/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/580.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 40-75
First Page: 40
Last Page: 75
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Maliha Rabeta (2020). Working Capital Management and Firm Performance of Companies in Pharmaceuticals & Chemicals Industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 40-75. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959157

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/580.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Maliha Rabeta, MBA, Department of Finance, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959157

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Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba

Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District

Author (s)

Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine how community radios’ broadcasting services fostered socio-economic development in Mbarara District among communities. The objectives of the study were; 1) To  examine the extent to which community radios` broadcasting services have contributed to the socio-economic development of communities in Mbarara District, Uganda, 2) To assess the effect of community radios` health broadcasting services on radio listenership among communities in Mbarara District, Uganda, 3) To analyze the relationship between community radios` listenership and socio-economic development of communities in Mbarara District, Uganda. The research design for this study was a cross sectional survey employing both quantitative and qualitative research approaches. Quantitative data was collected using questionnaires. Qualitative data was collected using both interview and FGD schedules as research instruments. The study surveyed 250 respondents and quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics; frequency distributions, cross tabulations, correlation analysis and regressions. Path analysis was lastly conducted examining the various conducted variables as a way of assessing the casual models established in the different objectives. Qualitative data analysis was done using theoretical propositions. Structural Equation Modeling was conducted to ascertain the functional relationships where a hypothesized model upon which the fitting of a structural Equation model was based. The result shows educational broadcasting (β =0 .716, p = 0.000. statistically significant direct effect on socio-economic development. Educational Broadcasting having a positive effect on level of participation in radio programs aired (β = 0.346, p = 0.000) and frequency of radio listening (β = 0.174, p = 0.007). Furthermore, goodness of-fit results show a Root mean squared error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.201. This result shows a poor fit for the full model since RMSEA is greater than 0.1. Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.689 is poor fit in predicting socio-economic development. In order to get a model that fits better, Structural equation modelling was again conducted. Result shows factors statistically significant indirect effect on socio-economic development of communities include; educational having a positive effect on level of participation in radio programs aired (β = 0.297, p = 0.001) and frequency of radio listening (β = 0.187, p = 0.003).This study developed a Sustainable community conscientious Operational Radio Enterprise (SCORE) Model that can be used in Community based Radios’ Broadcasting Services to enhance socio-economic development among listeners.

 Keywords: Community, Community radio, Broadcasting, Program, Socio-Economic Development.

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Title: Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District
Author: Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959076
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 14/07/2020
Date of Publication: 24/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/579.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 23-39
First Page: 23
Last Page: 39
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sabiiti Mulema Posiano, Faustino L. Orach-Meza & Regis Zombeire, Nkumba (2020). Community Radios’ Broadcasting Services and Socio-Economic Development in Western Uganda: A case of Selected Communities in Mbarara District. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 23-39. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959076

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/579.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sabiiti Mulema Posiano (corresponding author), PhD Student, Nkumba University, Entebbe, Uganda.

Prof. Faustino L. Orach-Meza, Senior Lecturer, Nkumba University, Entebbe, Uganda.

Dr. Regis Zombeire, Nkumba, Senior Lecturer, Kyambogo University, Kampala, Uganda.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3959076

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A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas, Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni

A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients

Author (s)

Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas, Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni

Abstract

The novel coronavirus (nCoV) has spread around the world as an epidemic. As of July 06, 2020, the number of victims has already crossed 11.5 million and the number of deaths has exceeded 537K and is steading rising.In the past convalescent  plasma (CCP) therapy was used in many epidemics. Already many people have successfully recovered from sever acute respiratory syndrome Corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and have developed antibodies in their plasma to fight the virus.They have this plasma very effective for critical patients. Many countries are currently trying to develop effective vaccines. They have already done various trials of their vaccines . Until a suitable vaccine for this disease is developed, CCP  therapy can be used in severe patients.

 Keywords: nCoV, COVID-19, Convalescent Plasma, Plasma Therapy, Antibodies, Clinical Trials.

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Title: A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients
Author: Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas, Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953830
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 16/07/2020
Date of Publication: 21/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/578.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 17-22
First Page: 17
Last Page: 22
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Mostafizur Rahman, Md Mohimin Biswas,Sanaullah & Tahmina Yasmin Tanni (2020). A study of Convalescent Plasma Therapy for COVID-19 Patients. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 17-22. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953830

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/578.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Mostafizur Rahman (corresponding author), Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Md Mohimin Biswas, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Sanaullah, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

Tahmina Yasmin Tanni, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia-7003, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953830

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The harmful effects of argon welding on human health Jenan Mohammed Naje

The harmful effects of argon welding on human health

Author (s)

Jenan Mohammed Naje

Abstract

In this paper, we review the damage of argon welding to human health and its prevention. Argon weld gas-type argon welding is a colorless, odorless chemical element of noble gases and chemically inert of the most abundant gases on the surface of the globe and is a gas that insulates the weld zone from the surrounding atmosphere. Lengthy exposure to welding fume is feasibly producing lung harm and numerous categories of cancer, comprising lung, larynx, and urinary tract. Gases like argon and carbon dioxide transfer oxygen in the air and can cause asphyxia, predominantly as welding in restricted or surrounded areas.

 Keywords: Argon, Welding, Harmful effects, Human health, Chemical element.

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Title: The harmful effects of argon welding on human health
Author: Jenan Mohammed Naje
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953692
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 16/07/2020
Date of Publication: 21/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/577.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 13-16
First Page: 13
Last Page: 16
Paper Type: Short Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jenan Mohammed Naje (2020). The harmful effects of argon welding on human health. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 13-16. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3953692

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/577.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jenan Mohammed Naje, Middle Technical University, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3953692

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Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam

Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam

Abstract

The main purpose of the study was to identify factors that affect service taker’s satisfaction with various banks in the northern region of Bangladesh. Both primary and secondary sources were explored for data collection. Necessary data were collected from 200 respondents. A structured questionnaire with 5 point Likert scale had been used to collect data. Data had been analyzed by using SPSS software. Different statistical tools were used which were compatible with our research such as reliability analysis, Frequency Distribution, Cross-tabulation, Multiple Regression Analysis, Hypothesis Testing, and Factor Analysis. The findings of the study revealed the most important factors that affect the service taker’s satisfaction. The study suggested that there was a strong effect of independent variables on the dependent variable. Unstandardized coefficients indicated how much the dependent variable (Service taker’s satisfaction) varies with the independent variable (15 factors) when all other independent variables are held constant. Thus alternative hypothesis was accepted and the null hypothesis was rejected. The study was based on the relatively small sample size (200) from the northern region of Bangladesh, which may not reflect the whole scenario of Bangladesh. The results of the study will be helpful to the bank authority and other stakeholders to determine customer demand and also help to formulate better policies to satisfy existing customers and attract the new customer.

 

Keywords: Service Taker’s Satisfaction, Service Quality, financial institution, banks,  Bangladesh.

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Title: Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh
Author: Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3940109
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 8
Acceptance Date: 10/07/2020
Date of Publication: 11/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/576.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-12
First Page: 1
Last Page: 12
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hiren Chandra Mahonta & Tarannum Islam (2020). Factors Affecting the Service Taker’s Satisfaction towards the Service Quality of Banks: A survey of clients in the northern region of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(8), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3940109

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/576.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hiren Chandra Mahonta, MBA in Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

Tarannum Islam (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Marketing, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3940109

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Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam & Md. Sojib Ahmed

Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam  & Md. Sojib Ahmed

Abstract

This paper has been conducted to examine the connection between working capital management measured and profitability performance is measured. The study is conducted based on secondary data from annual reports of respective textile firms listed in DSE and DSE monthly reviews. From 2000 to 2018. The objective of the study is to find out the working capital devoted to the firms registered in the Dhaka stock exchange and find the connection of their performance and working capital capitalized in registered textile firms in DSE. To address this panel data, besides ratio and quartile study, Hausman test, variance inflation test, and fixed effect regression was done for testing all the hypotheses and the study result shows the inverse association with age and payment deferred period but a positive association with fixed asset turnover, cash conversion cycle, days sales outstanding, inventory conversion period, sponsor shareholdings and total assets. It also suggests to produce an effective policy must be produced for each company for each component of working capital. Besides, well-organized management and financing of working capital can upsurge the operating profit of a textile firm. Shorter cash conversion cycle, days sales outstanding, and the inventory conversion period can increase firms’ profit. These are some practical examples of working capital management.

 

Keywords: Working Capital Management, Firm Performance, Firm profitability, Textile Industry, Bangladesh.

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Title: Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh
Author: Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, Abu Kalam  & Md. Sojib Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935735
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 05/07/2020
Date of Publication: 08/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/573.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 118-127
First Page: 118
Last Page: 127
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muhammad Matin Khan, Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor & Abu Kalam (2020). Working Capital Management and Firm Profitability in the Textile Industry of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 118-127. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3935735

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/573.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Matin Khan (corresponding author) MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Ismail Hossain Shagor, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abu Kalam, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Sojib Ahmed, MBA, Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935735

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Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis

Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Abstract

Many African countries are still being faced with basic welfare issues such as hunger and extreme poverty, sparking debates among researchers and policy makers on whether the continent can endogenously leverage its agricultural potentials to address these challenges. To contribute to these debates, this study employs a panel data spanning 26 year (1990-2015) and including 13 ECOWAS countries to analyze the impact of production factors on agricultural productivity and examine the question of whether and how agriculture can serve as a tool for growth and poverty alleviation in the region. By linearizing the Cobb-Douglas production function and using fixed effects (FE) with country dummies, we find positive and significant relationship between lands cultivated, physical and financial capitals, as opposed to labor employed on agricultural productivity. Next, by using 2SLS/IV and GMM/IV methods, we show that agricultural productivity can be a pro-growth and counter-poverty tool. Furthermore we find that non-agricultural productivity interacts significantly with agricultural productivity and that agricultural productivity gap (APG) decreases both growth and poverty index. Following these results, we chart the transmission mechanisms for policy makers that will allow them to understand the linkages and pathways through which agricultural productivity affects the entire economy.

Key words: Agricultural productivity, agricultural productivity gap (APG), production factors, economic growth, poverty reduction, ECOWAS, SSA, Africa.

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Title: Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis
Author:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 07/07/2020
Date of Publication: 08/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 97-125
First Page: 97
Last Page: 125
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, Jiong Gong, & Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (2020). Impact of Agricultural Productivity on Economic Growth and Poverty Alleviation in ECOWAS Countries: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of Scientific Reports, 2(1), 97-125. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1013.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mouayadi Said Ali Madi, PhD, Industrial Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Jiong Gong, Professor of Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

Kokou Wotodjo Tozo (Corresponding Author), PhD, International Economics, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing-China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3935367

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The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon

Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

Abstract

Tax noncompliance is one of the biggest challenges faced by tax administrators when collecting tax revenues. Despite a series of punitive and coercive measures put in place by most governments including Cameroon, the phenomenon persists with billions of dollars lost every fiscal year. It is on this premise that this study examines the impact of tax education, tax policies and tax audit on the level of tax compliance in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon. The research adopted a conclusive case study design supported by the philosophical underpinnings of positivism epistemology and objectivism ontology. Multistage sampling technique was used to source data from a sample of 307 participants using semi-structured questionnaires measured using the five-point Likert scales. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to reduce the dimension of the data. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used to test hypotheses. Results from the study revealed that there is significant statistical evidence to suggest that the existing tax policies in Fako Division has positive impact on the level of tax compliance with [µ = 0.00 < 0.05; β = 51%; α = 0.05]. Also, the study revealed that tax education has a negative statistical significant effect on tax compliance with [µ = 0.00 < 0.05; β = -18.5%; α = 0.05]. This implies that the more taxpayers are knowledgeable about the tax system, the more they are likely to fraud and default tax payments. It should be noted that the latent construct tax audit was rejected in the data cleaning process. This research, therefore, recommends that the government should improve on the tax policies and make it friendly and acceptable to a majority of taxpayers and that tax administrators should enforce civic education on the importance to respect tax laws by justifying the significance of taxes revenue as a source of funding for community development.

 

Keywords: Noncompliance, Tax policies, Tax audits, Tax education, Tax administration.

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Title: The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the Southwest Region of Cameroon
Author: Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 28/06/2020
Date of Publication: 03/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/570.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 76-90
First Page: 76
Last Page: 90
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui, & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah (2020). The Impact of Tax Administration on Tax Compliance Levels in Fako Division of the South West Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 76-90. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/570.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Ph.D., (Corresponding Author), Department of Business Management and Finance, ICT University; Director of Studies, Cardiff Metropolitan University Wales UK.

 Forbe Hodu Ngangnchi, Ph.D., Department of Management and Entrepreneurship, The University of Bamenda, Bamenda-Cameroon.

 Ndifongong Ferdinand Nsanyui, Department of Finance and Accounting, HIMS Buea Cameroon.

 Sheku Ahmed Fofanah, Ph.D., Deputy Director and Research Programs Leader; London School of Commerce, UK.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929286

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The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq Shorsh Khalid Rahman

The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq

Author (s)

Shorsh Khalid Rahman

Abstract

This study aims to explore that undergraduate students in Northern Iraq have the ability to see the idea of self-marketing to find the job and they can be familiar with their branding. Semi-structured interviews collected the data and analyzed it using content analysis. The sampling strategy employed in this study is the maximum sampling of variations. The outcomes of this thesis reveal that the effectiveness and efficiency of self-marketing are the foremost way to undergraduate students (universities and institutes) in Northern Iraq to thrive the compete of finding a job. The undergraduate students need to understand from the self-marketing, particularly concentrate on the important parts such as (CV, interview, social media, skills, experience, and certifications) to a career fair. They should have the ability to focus on different ways to engage in a job. Through this method, the undergraduate students will be able to make important progress in finding a reasonable job.

 

Keywords: Self-marketing, Job seekers, Curriculum vitae (CV), Interview, Social media, Undergraduate students, Finding a job, Unemployment.

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Title: The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq
Author: Shorsh Khalid Rahman
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 02/07/2020
Date of Publication: 03/07/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/572.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 100-117
First Page: 100
Last Page: 117
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shorsh Khalid Rahman (2020). The Impact of Self-Marketing to Find a Job: The Case Study of Undergraduate Students in Northern Iraq. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 100-117. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/572.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shorsh Khalid Rahman, Cyprus International University, Private university in Nicosia, Cyprus.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3929270

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Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

The behavior of consumers regarding smartphones is more and more a center of marketing research. Especially, consumer behavior in the case of the smartphone industry, from selection motivation to after use behavior has become a center of research in marketing. The outcomes of this study confirm that the regulatory focus has an impact on consumer behavior regarding smartphone procure decisions by controlling their perception, rationale, and lifestyle. For consumers’ smartphones have become crucial parts of life. This study is to analyze factors that affect a consumer’s decision in buying a smartphone. The study also emphasizes consumer points of view for smartphones and the impact brand name has on consumers. The current growth of smartphone usage is a noticeable fact that goes across all gender and age divides. Hence, this study exhibits a quantitative analysis of some of the key factors that affect consumer’s viewpoints and behaviors regarding smartphone purchases.

 

Keywords: Mobile phones, smartphones, consumer behavior, Bangladesh, smartphone industry.

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Title: Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh
Author: Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3921991
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 28/06/2020
Date of Publication: 29/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/571.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 91-99
First Page: 91
Last Page: 99
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Md. Tafsir Alam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). Consumer Behavior in Selecting Mobile Phones in the Context of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 91-99. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3921991

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/571.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Syeeda Raisa Maliha (Corresponding Author), East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Tafsir Alam, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3921991

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An example of developing a knowledge-based system A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

An example of developing a knowledge-based system

Author (s)

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

A possible way to gain an understanding of how a knowledge system works is to imagine an expert-client situation. We are all experts in our fields, but in daily life, we need assistance from an expert in an area that we do not know. This paper describes a knowledge-based system on Computer hardware diagnosis. Intermediate computer users can diagnose their hardware using the knowledge base in the system when facing some hardware problems with desktop computers. The main purpose of this paper is to include a real-time example of how a knowledge system can be built.

Keywords: Knowledge-based system, KBS, Forward chaining, Forward reasoning, Rules, Knowledge base.

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Title: An example of developing a knowledge-based system
Author:

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908998
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 24/06/2020
Date of Publication: 26/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/568.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 52-56
First Page: 52
Last Page: 56
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam & Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). An example of developing a knowledge-based system. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 52-56. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908998

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/568.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam, Independent University, Bangladesh.

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (Corresponding Author), Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908998

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Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam

Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI

Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam

Abstract

Data mining (DM) is the process of discovering or “mining” new knowledge from large databases and applying it to decision making. In recent times, companies have been using a wide range of data mining techniques to better understand their customers and their performance and solve complex business problems. Data mining is a way to develop Business Intelligence (BI) from data that an organization collects, organizes, and stores. The purpose of this paper is to review Data Mining as an enabling technology for Business Intelligence. Documents analysis was used as the data collection method and a qualitative approach was used for data analysis in the study.

Keywords: Data, Information, Knowledge, Data Mining, Business Intelligence, Decision Support.

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Title: Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI
Author:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908987
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 24/06/2020
Date of Publication: 26/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/567.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 46-51
First Page: 46
Last Page: 51
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz & A.K.M. Monzurul Islam (2020). Reviewing Data Mining as an enabling technology for BI. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 46-51. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908987

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/567.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (Corresponding Author), Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

A.K.M. Monzurul Islam, Independent University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3908987

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The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018 PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL

The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018

Author (s)

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL

Abstract

This paper study the location determinants of FDI inflow in Sudan, the study applied multivariate time series, Vector auto-regression using time-series data of 1980-2018. Variable include; market size, infrastructure, inflation rate, Debt, Dummy of investment incentive, and Terms of Trade openness. The empirical results revealed that there is a short-run causality relationship running from independents variable to FDI as specified in the study. Also, GDP, External debt, investment incentive, and inflation are important location determinants of FDI inflows to Sudan. The Granger Causality shows Uni-directional causality running from GDP, Inflation, TOP, inflation, and Dummy investment incentives to FDI. These results were consistent with the short-run vector autoregression results. Therefore for a country to be declared as attractive by MNC, it means that the above factors have to be significant, since the variable for infrastructure and terms of trade openness are insignificant, investors would choose to neglect Sudan.  The outcome shows that GDP is a very important variable in determining the location choice of FDI. This suggests that authorities need to take into account factors that hamper the growth of the economy given its importance in attracting FDI inflows. Finally, Sudan should implements policies to encourage a fast-growing economy by improving its debt service payment, infrastructure, and its terms of trade openness and international cooperation.

Keywords: Location determinants of FDI, Unit root, Cointegration, VAR Model, and Granger Causality.

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Title: The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018
Author:

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903279
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 21/06/2020
Date of Publication: 22/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/566.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 26-45
First Page: 26
Last Page: 45
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL (2020). The Location Determinants of FDI in Sudan. Time Series – Empirical Analysis From 1980-2018. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 26-45. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903279

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/566.pdf

 

About Author (s)

PETER KUOT MADIT CHOL, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics, UIBE, Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903279

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The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan

The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises

Author (s)

Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan

Abstract

Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) hold business potentials that gain  a serious attention from the government. Some factors that affect the efficiency of SMEs include: internal and external factors. The success of SMEs depends on its abilities in managing its internal and external factors through environment factor analysis and the creation and execution of work strategy. Using PLS-SEM analysis, sample used for the study was 80 Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) owners or managers in Surabaya, Indonesia. The findings of this study state that Managerial Capabilities has the most significant impact. Meanwhile, Environmental Dynamism does not have any impact towards Firm Performance, because SMEs are independent in managing the company, in terms of its capitalization, product or service development, and flexibility resulting from its low operating cost of workers, and place of business.

Keywords: Firm Performance, Dynamic Capabilities, Environmental Dynamism,   Managerial Capabilities, Small Medium Enterprises.

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Title: The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises
Author:

Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903246
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 7
Acceptance Date: 21/06/2020
Date of Publication: 22/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/565.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-25
First Page: 1
Last Page: 25
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Adrian Permana, Arsono Laksamana & Lena Ellitan (2020). The role of Dynamic Capability in Mediating the Effect of Environmental Dynamism and Managerial Capabilities, toward Firm Performance of Small Medium Enterprises. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(7), 1-25. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903246

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/565.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Adrian Permana, Doctorate Candidate, Graduate School, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya, Indonesia.

Arsono Laksmana, Professor in Graduate School, Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya, Indonesia.

Lena Ellitan, (Corresponding Author),  Management Study Program,  Faculty of Business Widya Mandala Catholic University Surabaya, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3903246

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The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader

The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader

Abstract

In Bangladesh, the number of women on board is very low. The purpose of this study is to analyze and examine whether female director representation has any impact on firm performance and firm’s financial reporting practices where reporting practices involve reporting IFRS-4 requirements practices for insurance contract. A simple linear regression model is conducted to examine the two research questions of this study. This study analyzes secondary data from annual reports of all the listed insurance companies in Bangladesh during the period 2017 from Dhaka Stock Exchange. There are two research questions: (1) whether female directors have any impact on firm performance, (2) whether female directors have any impact on firm’s reporting practices.  For the first research question the regression result indicates that there is little evidence that female directors have a positive relation on firm performance as the estimation lack significance. And for the second research question the regression result shows that there is negative relation between female director representation and firm’s reporting practices but again the estimation lacks significance. For lack of proper recruitment process for female directors and deficiency of awareness about disclosure reporting, this research fails to exhibit significant results.

Keywords: Female director representation, firm performance, firm reporting practices, IFRS-4, Insurance Companies.

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Title: The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh
Author:

Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902643
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 19/06/2020
Date of Publication: 21/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/561.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 140-149
First Page: 140
Last Page: 149
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shohana Islam Sumona, Shahima Jabin & MD Shuvo Howlader (2020). The Impact of Female Directors on Firm Performance and Financial Reporting Practices: Empirical Evidence from Listed Insurance Companies in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 140-149. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3902643

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/561.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shohana Islam Sumona (Corresponding Author), post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

Shahima Jabin, post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

MD Shuvo Howlader, post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902643

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Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay

Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms

Author (s)

Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay

Abstract

Newly reformed global economy has the widespread of using foreign exchange derivatives as a risk management tool. Recent trends lead Chinese firms into high financial risk, thus inevitable choice for Chinese companies are using derivative for mitigate risks arising from fluctuations. Purpose of this research is to investigate foreign exchange derivatives effect on value for Chinese companies, 36 non-financial company’s data are used as sample and time frame will be 2013-2017. After controlling for several fundamental firm specifications, this study has shown that there is a positive and significant relationship with a simple decision for using foreign currency derivatives and firm value. Furthermore, result shows using foreign exchange derivatives significantly add value of the firms as higher Tobin’s Q ratio. This finding indicates that especially companies with high firm value can further expand their values through actively participating in hedging activities. Results also indicate that foreign exchange derivatives are more likely to raise large corporation’s value. Another finding is that effect of value-enhancing on degree of derivative use of foreign exchange is weaker for profitable firms than for less profitable ones. This means that increasing derivative holdings by more profitable non-financial firms are unlikely to contribute to their performance.

Key words: Chinese Non-financial firms, foreign exchange derivatives,  risk management, firm value.

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Title: Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms
Author:

Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay

Journal Name: Journal of Scientific Reports
Website: https://ijsab.com/jsr
Publisher IJSAB-International
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902144
Media: Online
Volume: 2
Issue: 1
Acceptance Date: 17/06/2020
Date of Publication: 20/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1012.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 78-96
First Page: 78
Last Page: 96
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Kamal Hossain & Mammadova Gulay (2020). Impact of Foreign Currency Derivatives on Value of Chinese Non-financial firms. Journal of Scientific Reports, 2(1), 78-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902144

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/1012.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md Kamal Hossain (Corresponding Author), Masters of Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), China.

Mammadova Gulay, Masters of Finance, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902144

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A Comparative Study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser

A Comparative Study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser

Abstract

With the rapid improvements of technology worldwide, systems are getting modernized and digitalized. Traditional and time-consuming systems are replaced by efficient computerized, time-saving ones. Human Computer Interaction (HCI) based approaches are paving the way for many of these efficient models and systems, making users’ life easier day by day. One of the most ancient and impactful economic systems is Banking. We also cite out some security issues regarding the transactions using mobile banking. We confine our scope within some specific parts of Bangladesh (Pabna and Chuadanga) and analyze the issues from users, bank managers and agents of this field during doing the work. We also cite out the best service offered to both users and agents by different mobile banking agencies, based on some Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques and also a comparison is also shown among different techniques. Moreover, an android application is also developed to show the summarization of the total work.

Keywords: Agent, Dealings, H.C.I, Mobile Banking, Security.

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Title: A Comparative Study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh
Author:

Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902124
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 19/06/2020
Date of Publication: 20/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/560.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 129-139
First Page: 129
Last Page: 139
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md. Toukir Ahmed, Md. Niaz Imtiaz & Abdulla All Kauser (2020). A Comparative study of Mobile Banking in Specific Parts of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 129-139. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3902124

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/560.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Toukir Ahmed (Corresponding Author), Lecturer,  Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pabna University of Science & Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh.

Md. Niaz Imtiaz, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pabna University of Science & Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh

Abdulla All Kauser, Student, Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, Pabna University of Science & Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3902124

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The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance: The Case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) of the Centre Region of Cameroon Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance:  The Case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) of the Centre Region of Cameroon

Author (s)

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

Abstract

Human capital is the most valuable asset of any organisation; thus, the active role they play cannot be undervalued. Equipping these valued assets through training and development becomes crucial to guarantee job performance and competitiveness. Though extensive research has been conducted in this area, much is still left to be done especially in the case of Cameroon’s banking industry. To this effect, this study is aimed at modelling a framework based on the impact of training and development on employee performance in the case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) in Cameroon. Three specific objectives were established including: Orientation and onboarding training, soft and technical skills training, and product and service knowledge training on employee performance. A case study design was adopted and supported by the philosophical underpins of positivism epistemology and objectivism ontology. Relevant data was sourced through questionnaire survey distributed to a target population of one hundred (100) employees of the NFC Bank in the centre region of Cameroon. Data was analysed using the Structured Equation Model (SEM) with all specifications observed. The study revealed that there is insignificant statistical evidence to suggest that orientation and onboarding training affects employees’ performance. It was also noted that soft and technical skills training and product and service training all have significant positive statistical impacts on employees’ performance. This study concludes that companies with management policies on soft and technical skills development and product and service knowledge training have higher chances to improve performance.

Keywords: Training, Soft and Technical Skills, Onboarding, Performance, Human Capital.

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Title: The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance:  The Case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) of the Centre Region of Cameroon
Author:

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3897174
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 14/06/2020
Date of Publication: 16/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/557.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 88-106
First Page: 88
Last Page: 106
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Tanwani Solomon Ofon & Sheku Ahmed Fofanah  (2020). The Effects of Training and Development on Employees Performance:  The case of the National Financial Credit Bank (NFCB) Centre Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 88-106. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3897174

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/557.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Alain Vilard Ndi Isoh, Ph.D., (Corresponding author) Lecturer at the ICT University USA            (Cameroon Campus). Director of studies, Cardiff Metropolitan University, UK

 Tanwani Solomon Ofon, ICT University USA (Cameroon Campus). Head, Human Capital, NFCB

Sheku Ahmed Fofanah, Ph.D., Deputy Director and Research Programs Leader; London School of     Commerce, UK

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3897174

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Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh S. M. Faisal Arafat

Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh

Author (s)

S. M. Faisal Arafat

Abstract

Good leadership is necessary for good governance and good governance complements development. One of the key conditions of development for a country is creating skilled and good citizens. The process of creating skilled and good citizens is a continuous one and is related to education policies and visions structured and implemented by different nations. In the educational institutions, textbooks often work as one of the most important tools and containers of national policies. This study is the analysis of English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh from the perspective of leadership and building leadership skills among students. In this process of analysis, the study shows how the students are being viewed and considered as future leaders of a country. At the same time it also shows how different global and national education policies and documents focus and contribute to leadership development among students. Considering the textbook as the major document, this study discovers the leadership contents, categorizes different leadership types as reflected in the textbook and presents a perceptive discussion over the types with a parallel presentation from the textbook contents. As an analysis of an English textbook, the study also shows how Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) assists the practice of leadership building among students.

Keywords: leadership, students, leadership types, educational policies, English textbook, textbook contents, English language teaching.

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Title: Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh
Author:

S. M. Faisal Arafat

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896804
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 12/06/2020
Date of Publication: 16/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/535.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 105-119
First Page: 105
Last Page: 119
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

S. M. Faisal Arafat (2020). Developing Leadership among Students through the Textbook: An analysis of the English for Today for Classes XI-XII in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 105-119. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896804

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/535.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

S. M. Faisal Arafat, Lecturer (English), BCS (General Education), Ministry of Education, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896804

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Potentials of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne

  Potentials of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh

Author (s)

Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne

Abstract

Years after years, Community Based Tourism (CBT) has been used as a response to the negative impacts of the international mass tourism development that is traced back in 1970’s. It ascertains the participation of small rural communities and conservation of nature and local culture. Despite growing studies on the role of Community Based Tourism, a few researches has been conducted on developing community-based tourism in Maheshkhali, an upazila of Cox’s Bazar District in the division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. This paper reviews how CBT development in Maheshkhali can assure economic development of local people, preserve tradition and culture of Rakhains and maintain environmental balance. This study is a descriptive research drawing on empirical data and literatures from different sources. To review the existing literature, desk based research method has been followed. Again, secondary data has been analyzed theoretically. Further, informal interview method was followed to discuss with locals, tourists, and experts of tourism industry. This study finds out that there is a huge scope of developing CBT in Maheshkhali and it is feasible if active participation is ensured of all stakeholders. With the limitations of reliable data and unavailability, this paper tries to fulfill an identified need to study how CBT development can preserve culture and tradition of a community, generate revenue and protect environment in any other island, hills or area of Bangladesh.  This research can help relevant stakeholders to better understand the necessity of developing CBT in Maheshkhali to ensure sustainability.

Keywords: Community Based Tourism (CBT), Economic Development, Cultural Aspect, Environment Preservation.

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Title: Potentials of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh
Author:

Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896777
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 11/06/2020
Date of Publication: 16/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/534.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 98-104
First Page: 98
Last Page: 104
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jameni Jabed Suchana & Manzuma Sharmin Munne (2020). Potential of Community Based Tourism Development: A Study on Maheshkhali, Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 98-104. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896777

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/534.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jameni Jabed Suchana, Assistant Professor, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Faculty of Business Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Manzuma Sharmin Munne, (Corresponding Author) Lecturer, Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3896777

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The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study

Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

Business Intelligence (BI) is a specific type of Information Systems (IS). Research on BI uses in academia has been somewhat limited so far. Most decisions in a university are made based on large amounts of data from internal and external sources. So, a BI tool is necessary there in operational and strategic decision making, and also to compete well in the global environment. A case study has been done on the large BI tool at Uppsala University (UU), Sweden. The tool has been used for more than fifteen years with around five hundred regular users currently. The system is called GLIS (in Swedish: Generellt Lednings Informations System) for Generalized Management Information System. This study investigates how the adoption of this BI system may influence the decision-making process at Uppsala University, and thus it becomes the main purpose of this study. An inductive approach using a qualitative method was used in this study. The data collection was carried out by interviewing seven experts at Uppsala University and from some documents provided by them. Techniques from the grounded theory approach were applied for analyzing data. Data analysis shows the positive effects of GLIS at Uppsala University with big improvements in decision making. The study draws the conclusion that the BI tool does affect the decision-making process in UU as decision making activities take less time, provide better quality decisions, and are much easier using the tool.

Keywords: Business Intelligence, Decision making process, Information Systems, GLIS, Uppsala University.

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Title: The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study
Author:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884319
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 6
Acceptance Date: 07/06/2020
Date of Publication: 08/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/556.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 78-87
First Page: 78
Last Page: 87
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). The Impact and Power of Business Intelligence (BI) on the Decision-making Process in Uppsala University: A Case Study. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(6), 78-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884319

 

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/556.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884319

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Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

  Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance

Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Abstract

Software Quality is a vital element in Software development, therefore Software Engineering researchers and practitioners strive to show the importance of it. It is obvious to find the best tools to ensure Software Quality. One of the tools that prove the Software Quality is Unit Testing; which has shown its power to assess the Quality of Software. Good Unit tests must have to follow some certain attributes. A well- known working plan is ‘A-TRIP’ through which all the inevitable properties of good Unit Tests are checked. The purpose of this paper is to give words to A-TRIP and to show its practical impact on Software Quality Assurance. Documents analysis was used here as the data collection method to develop Research Questions (RQ). Qualitative method was used as the data analysis method in the research process to answer the RQs. The paper figured out the Cost of Tests as well as made arguments about each A-TRIP property and its implications in terms of costs in the software process.

Keywords: Unit Testing, A-TRIP, Software Quality, Software Development, Software testing.

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Title: Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance
Author:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz

Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884317
Media: Online and print
Volume: 4
Issue: 5
Acceptance Date: 07/06/2020
Date of Publication: 08/06/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/533.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 91-97
First Page: 91
Last Page: 97
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz (2020). Properties of Good Unit Tests for Software Quality Assurance. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(5), 91-97. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884317

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/533.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Senior Lecturer, East West University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3884317