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Scrutinizing the complex relationship between Financial Development Gross Fixed Capital Formation and Economic Growth in Africa by adopting CCEMG and AMG estimation techniques Yusheng Kong, Easmond Baah Nketia, Stephen Kwadwo Antwi & Mohammed Musah

Scrutinizing the complex relationship between Financial Development Gross Fixed Capital Formation and Economic Growth in Africa by adopting CCEMG and AMG estimation techniques

Author (s)

Yusheng Kong, Easmond Baah Nketia, Stephen Kwadwo Antwi & Mohammed Musah

Abstract

­This paper explores the relationship between gross fixed capital formation, financial development, and economic growth in Africa. The study used 39 African countries from 1997 to 2017. The study adopted five financial development indicators. The study employed Augmented Mean Group and Common Correlated Effects Mean Group estimation techniques for the estimations. From the study, Bank Deposit to GDP is statistically significant, it has a negative effect on economic growth, and it shows dual causality, Bank Deposit is inadequate in Africa but significant to economic growth. Broad Money to GDP, Domestic Credit to GDP, and Credit to Private Sector to GDP are all statistically insignificant to growth. They also have negative influence on economic growth. Broad Money shows dual causality with growth while both Domestic Credit, and Credit to Private Sector displays one way causality from economic growth. Gross Domestic Savings to GDP is statistically insignificant and it has a positive bearing on growth, it has one-way causality from growth. Broad Money is very limited in Africa to the extent that, the funds available for domestic transactions are barely enough to have any impact on economic growth. Domestic banks and financial institutions hardly gives credit to private sector and government institutions, due to high risk factor. Gross fixed capital formation has a positive bearing on economic growth. It displays bi-directional causality with economic growth. Financial development does not have a blanket relationship with economic growth, but rather it depends on the type of financial development indicator being used.

 Keywords: Financial Development, Gross Fixed Capital Formation, Economic Growth, Africa, Relationship.

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Title: Scrutinizing the complex relationship between Financial Development Gross Fixed Capital Formation and Economic Growth in Africa by adopting CCEMG and AMG estimation techniques
Author: Yusheng Kong, Easmond Baah Nketia, Stephen Kwadwo Antwi & Mohammed Musah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4282943
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 17/11/2020
Date of Publication: 21/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/620.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 160-174
First Page: 160
Last Page: 174
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Yusheng Kong, Easmond Baah Nketia, Stephen Kwadwo Antwi & Mohammed Musah (2020). Scrutinizing the complex relationship between Financial Development Gross Fixed Capital Formation and Economic Growth in Africa by adopting CCEMG and AMG estimation techniques. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 160-174. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4282943

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/620.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Yusheng Kong, PhD,  School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, PR China. 212013.

Easmond Baah Nketia (corresponding author), School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, PR China. 212013. Email: ebnketia@gmail.com

Stephen Kwadwo Antwi, School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, PR China. 212013.

Mohammed Musah, School of Finance and Economics, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, PR China. 212013.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4282943

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Shifts in Consumer Behavior Due to Corona Pandemic: A Case of Tourism and Hospitality Sector in Bangladesh Nishat Nigar & Md. Rukon Miah

Shifts in Consumer Behavior Due to Corona Pandemic: A Case of Tourism and Hospitality Sector in Bangladesh

 

Author (s)

Nishat Nigar & Md. Rukon Miah

Abstract

­The study objective is to examine the shifts in consumer behavior during corona pandemic in tourism and hospitality sector in Bangladesh. Convenience type non-probability sampling is used in this research paper and sample size is 150 which are collected from students, teachers and service holders in Dhaka, and Cumilla district area. Descriptive statistics, five rating likert scale and paired sample t-test applied in this research paper to collect data and a focus group including 12 respondents is also created for gathering respondent’s opinions about the effect of corona pandemic on restaurants, transportations, hotels and motels. In light of research analysis this research finds that there is a shift in consumer behavior in tourism and hospitality sector due to corona pandemic. Home quarantine, lockdown, physical stress, government rules and regulations have immense impact on consumer’s income, consumption, visiting tourist spot due to COVID-19. The study also discloses that consumers are using mask in public places and they are not preferring to purchase foods from restaurant. The findings of this paper may help tourism and hospitality industry to overcome any current and also future pandemic situation. The study also discloses practical guidelines for the tourist, passengers, travelers, restaurants customers and owners and travel agencies to formulate progress of tactical decisions in any pandemic situations. This research might illustrates a frontier study, analytically investigate the potential impacts of COVID-19 on shifts in consumer behavior in tourism and hospitality sector in Bangladesh and how the tourism and hospitality sector  may respond to such shifts in the future.

 Keywords: Consumer Behavior, Tourism and Hospitality Sector, Corona Pandemic, Lockdown, Paired Samples T-Test.

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Title:

Shifts in Consumer Behavior Due to Corona Pandemic: A Case of Tourism and Hospitality Sector in Bangladesh

Author: Nishat Nigar & Md. Rukon Miah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4282021
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 14/11/2020
Date of Publication: 20/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/631.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 123-135
First Page: 123
Last Page: 135
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Nishat Nigar & Md. Rukon Miah (2020). Shifts in Consumer Behavior Due to Corona Pandemic: A Case of Tourism and Hospitality Sector in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 123-135. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4282021

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/631.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Nishat Nigar, MBA, University of Rajshahi, Lecturer, Department of Marketing, Comilla University, Cumilla, Bangladesh. Email: nishatmkt09@gmail.com

Md. Rukon Miah (corresponding author), BBA student, Department of Marketing, Comilla University, Cumilla, Bangladesh. Email: rukon.mkt10@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4282021

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Limit Pricing under Complete Information: A Theoretical Analysis of Mobile network Operators Hillary Ekisa Nambanga

Limit Pricing under Complete Information: A Theoretical Analysis of Mobile network Operators

 

Author (s)

Hillary Ekisa Nambanga

Abstract

­Limit pricing is a very interesting issue in industrial organization. This is a case where firms with market power, when faced with a threat of market entry, charge a very low price that is lower than their marginal cost for their products or services in order to prevent the entry of new potential competitors or prevent their smaller competitors from expanding their business.  This they do to protect their market dominance. After successfully deterring entry, the incumbent firms then revert to charging higher prices. Previous theoretical studies show that this strategy is viable in the presence of information asymmetry. Competition Authorities and other regulatory agencies treat limit pricing as anti-competitive and illegal. This research paper theoretically analyses limit pricing among telecommunications companies by way of linear demand equations within an oligopoly framework involving one dominant incumbent and fringe firms under complete information. The analysis proves that dominant firms can use their market power to engage in limit pricing in the absence of information asymmetry concerning the true operating costs among the incumbents. This finding is of great help to Competition Authorities and other policy makers in ensuring that dominant firms do not abuse their market power. This ensures fair competition among all the market players irrespective of their market share.

 Keywords: Limit Pricing, Complete Information, Dominant firms, Fringe firms, Entry deterrence.

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Title:

Limit Pricing under Complete Information: A Theoretical Analysis of Mobile network Operators

Author: Hillary Ekisa Nambanga
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4279149
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 14/11/2020
Date of Publication: 18/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/630.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 115-122
First Page: 115
Last Page: 122
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Hillary Ekisa Nambanga (2020). Limit Pricing under Complete Information: A Theoretical Analysis of Mobile network Operators. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 115-122. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4279149

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/630.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Dr. Hillary Ekisa Nambanga, School of International Trade and Economics, University of       International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4279149

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Impact of Debt Capital on Firm’s Performance: A Study on the Textile Companies Listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange Limited (DSE) Quazi Nur Alam, Janifar Alam , Susmita Dev Burman & Md. Tanvirul Hoque

Impact of Debt Capital on Firm’s Performance:

A Study on the Textile Companies Listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange Limited (DSE)

Author (s)

Quazi Nur Alam, Janifar Alam , Susmita Dev Burman & Md. Tanvirul Hoque

Abstract

­The combination of a firm’s long-term debt, specific short-term debt, common equity, preferred equity and retained earnings which are used to finance its overall operations is known as capital structure and it is a vital financial decision as it is directly related to the risk and return of a firm. Inappropriate capital structure can lower the firm’s value as it incurs higher cost of capital while effective capital structure decision can do the opposite. A panel data set of ten years from 2010 to 2019 for the selected textile companies listed in Dhaka stock exchange has been used in this study. ROE and ROA are the dependent variables in the analysis, on the other side short-term debt to total assets and long-term debt to total assets are the proxy variables for debt capital. Age, sales growth is used as the control variables. Descriptive analysis, Correlation analysis, Hausman test and Panel Regression have been conducted to test the hypothesis. This study found that there is significant relationship between debt capital and firm performance. Short- term debt to the total asset is positively related to both profit measure ROE and ROA. In contrast, the other variable long-term debt has a negative association to the both ROE and ROA. The literature on this view also supports these findings as long-term debt costly and increases financial distress for the firms. According to the study result, long-term debt is statistically significant in determining the ROA and ROE.

 Keywords: Return on asset, Return on equity, Short term debt to total asset, Long term Debt to total asset.

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Title:

Impact of Debt Capital on Firm’s Performance: A Study on the Textile Companies Listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange Limited (DSE)

Author: Quazi Nur Alam, Janifar Alam , Susmita Dev Burman & Md. Tanvirul Hoque
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4277679
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 11/11/2020
Date of Publication: 17/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/629.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 106-114
First Page: 106
Last Page: 114
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Alam, Q.N., Alam, J., Burman, S. D. & Hoque, M. T. (2020). Capital Structure and Firm’s Performance: A Study on the Selected Textile Companies Listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE). International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 106-114. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4277679

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/629.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Quazi Nur Alam (corresponding author), Lecturer, University of Information Technology & Sciences, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: quazishihab79@gmail.com

Janifar Alam, Assistant Professor, University of Information Technology & Sciences, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Susmita Dev Burman, Lecturer, University of Information Technology & Sciences, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Md. Tanvirul Hoque,AVP and Head of Branch,Premier Bank Limited,Dhaka,Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4277679

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Analyzing Economic Growth and Its impact on Poverty Reduction in Africa Benjamin Korankye, Xuezhou Wen, Appiah Michael & Easmond Baah-Nketiah

Analyzing Economic Growth and Its impact on Poverty Reduction in Africa

Author (s)

Benjamin Korankye, Xuezhou Wen, Appiah Michael & Easmond Baah-Nketiah

Abstract

­This study currently examines some economic growth variables that interact to reduce poverty in West, East, South, Central, and North African.  The review uses panel data from 1998 to 2017 based on the unit root, co-integration, fully modified ordinarily least squares (FMOLS), and granger causality to effect estimations. The study examines the association between these variables of economic Growth received and how they affect poverty. The results find economic growth promotes certain aspects of poverty reduction with the size of population and employment has been a significant factor. The granger result shows the uniqueness of the variables with bi-direction running between gross domestic product and poverty, gross capital formation and broad money, population, and broad money, and population and poverty do not Granger cause each other in the long run.  It was in-line with most studies by other researchers that state these main variables has been very significant when it comes to poverty reduction in most developed countries. The study emphasized that, in the contest of Africa, these main variables helps to reduce poverty but at a minimal level.

 Keywords: Economic Growth, Poverty reduction, Population, Employment, Africa.

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Title: Analyzing Economic Growth and Its impact on Poverty Reduction in Africa
Author: Benjamin Korankye, Xuezhou Wen, Appiah Michael & Easmond Baah-Nketiah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4277360
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 15/11/2020
Date of Publication: 17/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/628.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 93-105
First Page: 93
Last Page: 105
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Benjamin Korankye, Xuezhou Wen, Appiah Michael & Easmond Baah-Nketiah (2020). Analyzing Economic Growth and Its impact on Poverty Reduction in Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 93-105. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4277360

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/628.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Benjamin Korankye (corresponding author), School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China. Email:benjamin.korankye@yahoo.com

Xuezhou Wen (corresponding author), School of Business, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China. Email: xzhwen@jiangnan.edu.cn

Michael Appiah, School of Finance Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China.

Easmond Baah-Nketiah, School of Finance Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4277360

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Problems and Global Challenges of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Iran Naz Abdulkareem Arif & Moha Asri Bin Abdullah

Problems and Global Challenges of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Iran

Author (s)

Naz Abdulkareem Arif &  Moha Asri Bin Abdullah

Abstract

­The development and prosperity of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are crucial to the development agenda of any economy in the world, be it in developed or developing countries. This is especially so for Muslim countries, most of which fall under low-income countries. Literature is replete with the roles and importance of Small and Medium enterprises in the development of any nation. These include, among others, the creation of employment, source of innovation, export generation, income generation, poverty alleviation, and the source of future medium and large enterprises. There isn’t a unanimous definition of SMEs anywhere in the world, and Muslim countries are not an exception. Thus, there exist various definitions of SMEs in Muslim countries. Small and Medium Enterprises have been defined traditionally based on several indexes: number of employees; amount invested; total assets; sales turnover and production capacity. However, the definition based on the number of employees is common in most of the Muslim nations. The SMEs sectors in Iran play a very vital role in economic development and entrepreneurship growth because the SMEs sector is private. In this paper, we find that the main causes of the problems and issues of the SMEs sector are based on a lack of entrepreneurship talents and training because of the factors hindering innovation. We try to find out the role of government-based training institutes and as well as semi-government institutes in entrepreneurship development in the SMEs sector in Iran.

 Keywords: Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Iran Country, Problems and Global Challenges, Muslim nations.

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Title: Problems and Global Challenges of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Iran
Author: Naz Abdulkareem Arif &  Moha Asri Bin Abdullah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4271136
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 06/11/2020
Date of Publication: 13/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/627.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 80-92
First Page: 80
Last Page: 92
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Naz Abdulkareem Arif &  Moha Asri Bin Abdullah (2020). Problems and Global Challenges of Small And Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Iran. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 80-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4271136

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/627.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Naz Abdulkareem Arif (corresponding author), Business Administration Department, Technical College of Administration, Duhok Polytechnic University, Iraq. email: naz.arif@dpu.edu.krd

Moha Asri Bin Abdullah, Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences, IIUM Gombak Campus, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4271136

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Estimate Household’s Willingness to Pay for Improved Tap Water Quality in Duhok Province Naz Abdulkareem Arif

Estimate Household’s Willingness to Pay for Improved Tap Water Quality in Duhok Province

Author (s)

Naz Abdulkareem Arif

Abstract

­Clean tap water is the general problem facing households in Duhok province due to the poor infrastructure in the tap water supply system. This paper deals with a contingent valuation method (CVM) of improvement in the drinking water quality, based on the household’s perception of the tap water quality and relevant health risk avoidance behavior. It contains different factors to analyze, such as factors that determine the household’s willingness to pay (WTP) for recovering the quality of tap water. As well as individual avoidance expenditure undertaken by the households to prevent health risk from the tap water consumption. A survey has been collected from 300 participants in Duhok province (Duhok Polytechnic University). The results present the household’s satisfaction of payment to recover the quality of tap water. The main results are:  about 58% of the respondents are willing to pay, and 42% are not willing to pay for improving water quality. In addition, the results of the regression showed that two factors affect willingness to pay; both are knowledge about water quality and avoidance behavior.

 Keywords: water quality, willingness to pay (WTP), contingent valuation method (CVM), households and Duhok province.

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Title: Estimate Household’s Willingness to Pay for Improved Tap Water Quality in Duhok Province
Author: Naz Abdulkareem Arif
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4271123
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 06/11/2020
Date of Publication: 13/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/619.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 152-159
First Page: 152
Last Page: 159
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Naz Abdulkareem Arif (2020). Estimate Household’s Willingness to Pay for Improved Tap Water Quality in Duhok Province. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 152-159. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4271123

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/619.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Naz Abdulkareem Arif, Business Administration Department, Technical College of Administration, Duhok Polytechnic University. Email: naz.arif@dpu.edu.krd

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4271123

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Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter

Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach

Author (s)

Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter

Abstract

Environmental degradation affects the health status of many people all over the world. Bangladesh is one of the most polluted countries, and every year 96,000 children died before reaching their fifth birthday because of environmental pollution. The present study has attempted to explore the pollution effect on the life expectancy of Bangladesh by analyzing the annual data from 1974 to 2014. The study has relied on the ARDL bounds test for checking the long-run association that can allow the admixture of I(0) and I(1) series (but inapplicable for I(2) series). The study scrutinized the unit root problems by running the widely used Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test. Besides, other essential tests associated with the ARDL, like the normality test, serial correlation test, heteroskedasticity test, model specification test, and parameter stability test were also performed. The study found a significant negative impact of environmental degradation on life expectancy both in the short- and long-run. Therefore, the study suggests the proper implementation of environmental protection laws and regulations.

 Keywords: Environmental degradation, life expectancy, Bangladesh, ARDL bounds test.

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Title: Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach
Author: Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4266173
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 06/11/2020
Date of Publication: 10/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/626.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 69-79
First Page: 69
Last Page: 79
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Saddam Hossain, Mt. Ayesha Siddika, Israt Jahan Koly & Khaleda Akter (2020). Exploring the Impact of Environmental Degradation on Life Expectancy in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds test Approach. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 69-79. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4266173

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/626.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Saddam Hossain, M. SC., Department of Economics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.Email: khaleda.nur.econju@gamil.com

Mt. Ayesha Siddika, MSS student, Department of Economics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

Israt Jahan Koly, MSS student, Department of Economics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4266173

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E-Banking in United Arab Emirates: Understanding the Innovation and the Impact of Its Adoption Besar Ibrahim Mohammed

E-Banking in United Arab Emirates: Understanding the Innovation and the Impact of Its Adoption

Author (s)

Besar Ibrahim Mohammed

Abstract

Advent and development of technology have brought a lot of advancement to businesses and business transactions around the world; the banking sector and other financial institutions across the world should however not be left out of the benefits of technological development. Electronic banking is an innovative development that has brought a dynamic service operation in the banking sectors. Internet banking has brought a reliable and fast service for customers’ convenience. It has also been embraced in developed and underdeveloped countries, making the innovation a worldly accepted one. The United Arab Emirates (UAE), with one of the best economies in the Middle East, is one of the countries that have embraced electronic banking over the years. The study aims to understand the pattern of electronic banking transactions in the UAE, the customers’ reasons for adoption and non-adoption of the system, as well as the challenges facing electronic banking in the UAE. The study equally aims to understand security, trust, compatibility, physical contact, and computer education as a factor for its adoption and non-adoption of electronic banking.

 Keywords: e-banking, internet banking, UAE, mobile banking, online banking.

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Title: E-Banking in United Arab Emirates: Understanding the Innovation and the Impact of Its Adoption
Author: Besar Ibrahim Mohammed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4250035
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 03/11/2020
Date of Publication: 06/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/625.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 62-68
First Page: 62
Last Page: 68
Paper Type: Short Review
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Besar Ibrahim Mohammed (2020). E-Banking in United Arab Emirates: Understanding the Innovation and the Impact of Its Adoption. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 62-68. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4250035

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/625.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Besar Ibrahim Mohammed, Department of Accounting, Paytaxt Private Institute, Irbil, Iraq.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4250035

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State of Art Survey for Significant Relations between Cloud Computing and Distributed Computing Yousif Sufyan Jghef & Subhi R. M. Zeebaree

State of Art Survey for Significant Relations between Cloud Computing and Distributed Computing

Author (s)

Yousif Sufyan Jghef & Subhi R. M. Zeebaree

Abstract

Cloud computing plays a significant role in the world of computers. It is a modern technology that provides a fast access mechanism, expandable, reliable, and provides user specific-facilities such as software services and infrastructure. Through the Internet, the user can access resources wherever they are, so this technology is beneficial in their daily lives. Cloud services provided by the cloud (SAAS, PAAS, IAAS) enable the user to access programs and the platform. Security is the main problem facing the cloud, so people think that using the cloud and its services is not safe, as there is no guarantee of stored information. Distributed computing is a computer division that explores distributed systems, and a distributed system is a system. That exists on computers connected to the network to be communicated through messages passed between each other. Using distributed computing systems has increased due to lower hardware costs and advances in computer network technologies. Distributed computing systems provide the potential for better efficiency and sharing of resources. This article will give a brief overview of cloud history computing, its evolution, advantages, and security aspects, as well as the history of distributed computing, its structure, applications, benefits, and disadvantages.

 Keywords: Cloud Computing, Distributed System, SAAS, PAAS, IAAS.

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Title: State of Art Survey for Significant Relations between Cloud Computing and Distributed Computing
Author: Yousif Sufyan Jghef & Subhi R. M. Zeebaree
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4237005
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 01/11/2020
Date of Publication: 03/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/624.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 53-61
First Page: 53
Last Page: 61
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Yousif Sufyan Jghef & Subhi R. M. Zeebaree (2020). State of Art Survey for Significant Relations between Cloud Computing and Distributed Computing. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 53-61. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4237005

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/624.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Yousif Sufyan Jghef (corresponding author), College of Engineering and Computer Science – Lebanese French University.

Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Duhok Polytechnic University Presidency.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4237005

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The impact of Central Bank Independence and Transparency on Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa Kyalisiima Prisca & Yang Jun

The impact of Central Bank Independence and Transparency on Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author (s)

Kyalisiima Prisca & Yang Jun

Abstract

This study seeks to examine the impact of central bank independence and transparency on inflation in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The role of central banks is to maintain price stability in the economy. Many scholars have independent and transparent writings due to the image of the Central Banks. On the other hand, other scholars have made clear the negative effects of high inflation as the main macroeconomic indicator used in this paper. In practice, some current studies have concluded that central bank independence and transparency lead to macroeconomic performance (low inflation). Empirical use of regression and analysis is performed for 15 sub-Saharan African countries with data for the period 1998–14 using panel fixed effects model. This paper contributes to research by exploring more than central bank independence as used by many scholars, and adds to literature about Central Bank Independence in Sub Saharan Africa. The results of this research study show that central bank independence and transparency (participant term; CBI_Transp) are statistically significant at 95%, so central bank independence and transparency go hand in hand; reducing inflation in sub-Saharan Africa. From the regression output, we conclude that the interactive variable and the single variables have positive coefficients, which is contrary to the main neoclassical theory used in this paper.

 Keywords: Central Bank Independence, Transparency, Inflation, Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Title: The impact of Central Bank Independence and Transparency on Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa
Author: Kyalisiima Prisca & Yang Jun
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4235704
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 01/11/2020
Date of Publication: 03/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/623.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 38-52
First Page: 38
Last Page: 52
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Kyalisiima Prisca & Yang Jun (2020). The impact of Central Bank Independence and Transparency on Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 38-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4235704

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/623.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kyalisiima Prisca (corresponding author), Ph.D Candidate, School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China. Lecturer in the Department of Banking and Finance, Mountains of the Moon University, Fort Portal, Uganda.

Prof. Yang Jun, PhD., School of International Trade and Economics, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4235704

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Design and Optimization of Bus Booking System using Dijkstra’s algorithm Agubata, Immaculate Chidinma, Dr.Mohamed Kharrat, Onyedeke, Obinna Cyril, Dr. Modesta Ezema, Okwueze Chisom Nneoma

Design and Optimization of Bus Booking System using Dijkstra’s algorithm

Author (s)

Agubata, Immaculate Chidinma, Dr.Mohamed Kharrat, Onyedeke, Obinna Cyril, Dr. Modesta Ezema, Okwueze Chisom Nneoma

Abstract

It is very clear that people spend so much time in a bus station or park due to the fact that some empty buses will be wasting time in a particular station, while commuters will wait for the bus in another station of the same transport company. This is a web-based application that will manage the scheduling of buses in all bus terminals of a transport company. With this software, an administrator can manage bus station or terminals departure time, routes, vehicle type and driver including the cashier(s) for the terminals. Passengers will also be able to view schedules and make plans for a trip. This project was borne out of the need to enable bus transport companies to manage their bus schedules to avoid scarcity of buses in some terminals where they are needed whereas at other bus stations of the same transport company there are empty buses. Different scheduling algorithms can be adopted for bus scheduling system but Dijkstra algorithm was chosen to enable us to determine the shortest route to a bus station where there is bus scarcity. This aim is achieved through the use of object-oriented methodology. PHP and JavaScript are the programming languages harnessed while HTML and CSS are used for the user interface.

 Keywords: Dijkstra’s algorithm, web-based, scheduling of buses, station.

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Title: Design and Optimization of Bus Booking System using Dijkstra’s algorithm
Author: Agubata, Immaculate Chidinma, Dr.Mohamed Kharrat, Onyedeke, Obinna Cyril, Dr. Modesta Ezema, Okwueze Chisom Nneoma
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4232573
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 16/10/2020
Date of Publication: 03/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/622.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 21-37
First Page: 21
Last Page: 37
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Agubata, Immaculate Chidinma, Dr.Mohamed Kharrat, Onyedeke, Obinna Cyril, Dr. Modesta Ezema, Okwueze Chisom Nneoma (2020). Design and Optimization of Bus Booking System using Dijkstra’s algorithm. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 21-37. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4232573

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/3094.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Agubata, Immaculate Chidinma, Department of Computer Science University of Kairouan, Tunisia. Email: agubatachidimma@gmail.com

Dr.Mohamed Kharrat, higher institute of computer science and management, university of kairouan, Tunisia. Email: Mohamed.kharat@gmail.com

Onyedeke, Obinna Cyril (corresponding author), Department of Computer Science University of Kairouan, Tunisia. Email: Obinna046@gmail.com

Dr. Modesta Ezema , Department of Computer Science University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Email: Modesta.Ezema@unn.edu.ng

Okwueze Chisom Nneoma, Department of Computer Science University of Kairouan,  Tunisia. Email: nneoma@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4232573

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Changing South Sudan Currency: A Best policy or Blunder? First thing Fist, Trust and Confidence, Destructive Announcement and Institutional Capability Alier Maker Ghai Duk

Changing South Sudan Currency:

A Best policy or Blunder?

First thing Fist, Trust and Confidence, Destructive Announcement and Institutional Capability

Author (s)

Alier Maker Ghai Duk

Abstract

This article focus mainly on alternative policy mechanism as opposed to the government plan to change national currency as it lack the solutions to core economic problems facing South Sudan economy today. For example, hyperinflation, unemployment, poor investment climate, low aggregate GDP and GDP per capita, corruption and economic sabotage. The way out of these economic phenomenon has been elaborated beyond mere statement in the article, and these includes investment in both private and public sector, agricultural productivity to create food surplus in the country as well as fixing the exchange rate in order to reduce spread between the black market rate and official rate. The important of fixing exchange rate as a starting point is to enable necessary conditions to make South Sudan attractive for investment in order to increase productivity and purchasing power of local currency, restore orderly market mechanism, improve livelihoods, sustained rapid economic recovery efforts and mitigate uncertainty and marker risks. The paper has also express concerns over institutional weakness to handle this costly project in terms of cost of minting and printing of new currency to invalidation and monitoring of counterfeit money during the process. Additionally, the article recommends that South Sudan should closed potential channels through which money leave the country, by reviewing the employment percentages of foreign based nongovernmental organizations and industries, their mode of payment and make sure that all payments in the country are made in local currency. These also include government payments to foreign nationals and companies. Furthermore, government must demonstrate strong position against corruption as South Sudan rank worse at 179 out of 180 most corrupt countries in the world and 180 out of 190 countries where doing business is not easy. This is embarrassing and contradiction to the idea of making South Sudan attractive for the investment. The paper view currency change plan as dangerous economic blunder than a solution.

 Keywords: Currency, Policy, Blunder, productivity, investment, institutions, announcement and corruption.

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Title: Changing South Sudan Currency: A Best policy or Blunder? First thing Fist, Trust and Confidence, Destructive Announcement and Institutional Capability
Author: Alier Maker Ghai Duk
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4231786
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 12
Acceptance Date: 14/10/2020
Date of Publication: 03/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/621.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-20
First Page: 1
Last Page: 20
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Alier Maker Ghai Duk (2020). Changing South Sudan Currency:  A Best policy or Blunder? First thing Fist, Trust and Confidence, Destructive Announcement and Institutional Capability. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(12), 1-20. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4231786

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/621.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Alier Maker Ghai Duk, PhD student, Finance, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4231786

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The Antecedents and Outcomes of Brand Relationship Quality and Customer Engagement Andam Jamal

The Antecedents and Outcomes of Brand Relationship Quality and Customer Engagement

Author (s)

Andam Jamal

Abstract

Nowadays, hotels need further efforts to grow new streams of income as rivalry is penetrating and new visitors are difficult to confirm at a mature phrase. It is vital for hotel managers to recognize additional concerning customer engagement with brand, to recognize what the antecedents of these kind of engagements are, and to distinguish what consequences they are able to achieve from customer engagement. The study aimed to investigate the background and result of brand relationship quality and customer engagement at hotels industry in the Northern of Iraq.  Quantitative Research used in the current study. Quantitative Research is conclusive in its purpose as it tries to quantify the problem and understand how prevalent it is by looking for projectable results to a larger population. According to the ministry of tourism, 3 million people visited Erbil on 2018. the authors have used online sample calculator to measure my sample size, according to that I have found that the authors need to distribute 400 questionnaires, but the authors received 353 valid questionnaires. The authors applied a simple regression analysis to measure research hypotheses, the findings revealed that the highest value and most effective concerning measuring the background and result of brand relationship quality and customer engagement at hotels industry in the Northern of Iraq, was first hypothesis which stated that  Hotel stay related membership benefits of loyalty program positively influence Brand relationship quality. In contrast, the lowest value was for second hypothesis which stated that Non-Hotel stay related membership benefits of loyalty program positively influence customer engagement.

 Keywords: Service quality, brand relationship quality, customer engagement, loyalty, Word of mouth, hotels.

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Title: The Antecedents and Outcomes of Brand Relationship Quality and Customer Engagement
Author: Andam Jamal
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4172726
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 20/10/2020
Date of Publication: 01/11/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/618.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 131-151
First Page: 131
Last Page: 151
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Andam Jamal (2020). The Antecedents and Outcomes of Brand Relationship Quality and Customer Engagement. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 131-151. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4172726

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/618.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Andam Jamal, Business Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Cyprus International University, Haspolat Campus, Northern Cyprus via Mersin 10, Turkey.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4172726

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Comparative Financial Position Analysis of Islamic Banking Industries: A Study of Selected Islamic Banks in Bangladesh Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Lutfur Rahman Al Azhari, Shahedul Islam, & Md. Arif Billah

Comparative Financial Position Analysis of Islamic Banking Industries: A Study of Selected Islamic Banks in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Lutfur Rahman Al Azhari, Shahedul Islam, & Md. Arif Billah

Abstract

The banking sector plays a predominating role for capital formation and in the growth and development of our economy in every single aspect.  The main motive of this research is to show a comparative evaluation of financial conditions of some selected banks by using descriptive analysis, z-test analysis and ratio analysis with graphical presentation. The Secondary data has used for the study has collected from bank’s Annual reports, websites, Bulletins, scholar’s views, journals, and Magazines, etc. The selected banks for analysis are IBBL, SIBL, FSIBL, AIBL, and Exim Bank. The phase of study for the chosen banks is from 2016 to 2019. According to analysis and overall z test ratings this study presumes that, the banks named IBBL, SIBL and AIBL are comparatively the leading banks and in safe position.

 Keywords: Banking industries, Ratios, Financial Performance, Islamic Banks, Analysis.

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Title: Comparative Financial Position Analysis of Islamic Banking Industries: A Study of Selected Islamic Banks in Bangladesh
Author: Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Lutfur Rahman Al Azhari, Shahedul Islam, & Md. Arif Billah
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4153795
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 22/10/2020
Date of Publication: 28/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/617.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 119-130
First Page: 119
Last Page: 130
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Nur Nobi, Md. Lutfur Rahman Al Azhari, Shahedul Islam, & Md. Arif Billah (2020). Comparative Financial Position Analysis of Islamic Banking Industries: A Study of Selected Islamic Banks in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 119-130. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4153795

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/617.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Nur Nobi (corresponding author), PhD Research Fellow, Faculty of Finance and Administrative Sciences, Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia. Email: mdnurnobihub28@gmail.com

Dr. Md. Lutfur Rahman Al Azhari, Assistant Professor, Department of Qur’anic Sciences, International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Md. Shahedul Islam, BBA in Finance, International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Md. Arif Billah, Assistant Professor of Economics, Department of Qur’anic Sciences, International Islamic University Chittagong, Bangladesh, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4153795

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Relationship between Chinese firms’ Internationalization and Environmental performance: An empirical evidence Sibele Recco Rosso Comim

Relationship between Chinese firms’ Internationalization and Environmental performance: An empirical evidence

Author (s)

Sibele Recco Rosso Comim

Abstract

This research aims to empirically investigate the environmental performance of Chinese multinationals using various proxies of internationalization. This research among the first to empirically test the impact of multiple proxies of internationalization in a single manuscript. This research has also employed the largest panel data-set of 15362 firm-year observations to test the association empirically. The findings of the research reveal that the widely used proxy of internationalization (Intensity_1, which is total exports to total revenue) does not find significant support. On the other hand, Intensity_2 (foreign assets to total assets), Breadth_1, and Breadth_2 (measured as the number of foreign subsidiaries) find significant support. These findings are robust when we employed the GMM regression model.

 Keywords: Internationalization, Chinese firms, Environmental performance, Sustainability, China..

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Title: Relationship between Chinese firms’ Internationalization and Environmental performance: An empirical evidence
Author: Sibele Recco Rosso Comim
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4159244
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 16/10/2020
Date of Publication: 28/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/616.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 111-118
First Page: 111
Last Page: 118
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Sibele Recco Rosso Comim (2020). Relationship between Chinese firms’ Internationalization and Environmental performance: An empirical evidence. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 111-118. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4159244

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/616.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sibele Recco Rosso Comim, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4159244

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An Empirical Study of Various Machine Learning Approaches in Prediction of Chronic Kidney Disease Md. Shafiul Azam, Umme Kulsom, S. M. Hasan Sazzad Iqbal & Md. Toukir Ahmed

An Empirical Study of Various Machine Learning Approaches in Prediction of Chronic Kidney Disease

Author (s)

Md. Shafiul Azam, Umme Kulsom, S. M. Hasan Sazzad Iqbal & Md. Toukir Ahmed

Abstract

In today’s era everybody is trying to be conscious about health. Although, due to workload and busy schedule, one gives attention to the health when any major symptoms occur. But Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a disease which doesn’t shows symptoms it is hard to predict, detect and prevent such a disease and this can lead to permanently health damage, but some machine learning algorithms can come handy in this aspect for their efficient prediction and analysis. By using data of CKD, patients with 25 attributes and 400 records we are going to use various machine learning techniques like Random Forest, Support Vector Machine (SVM), K-Nearest Neighbors (KNN), Decision Tree etc. The purposes of our work is to virtuously predicting Chronic Kidney disease and have a comparative analysis among some of the popular machine learning based approaches based on some performance metrics. In our work, it is found that the Random Forest algorithm outperforming other machine learning based approaches we used in the experiment.

 Keywords: CKD, KNN, Machine Learning, Prediction, Performance Metrics.

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Title: An Empirical Study of Various Machine Learning Approaches in Prediction of Chronic Kidney Disease
Author: Md. Shafiul Azam, Umme Kulsom, S. M. Hasan Sazzad Iqbal & Md. Toukir Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4244468
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 27/10/2020
Date of Publication: 28/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/615.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 101-110
First Page: 101
Last Page: 110
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Shafiul Azam, Umme Kulsom, S. M. Hasan Sazzad Iqbal & Md. Toukir Ahmed (2020). An Empirical Study of Various Machine Learning Approaches in Prediction of Chronic Kidney Disease, International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 1-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4244468

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/615.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Shafiul Azam Assistant Professor,  Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh.

Umme Kulsom, Student, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh

M. Hasan Sazzad Iqbal, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh

Md. Toukir Ahmed (Corresponding Author), Lecturer,  Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4244468

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The Status of Work Life Balance of Women’s Employment in Primary Education Sector and Its Impact on Their Perception of Work in Bangladesh: A Study on Khulna City Md. Abdullah Al Mamun

The Status of Work Life Balance of Women’s Employment in Primary Education Sector and Its Impact on Their Perception of Work in Bangladesh: A Study on Khulna City

Author (s)

Md. Abdullah Al Mamun

Abstract

The primary education sector is one of the most prosperous sectors in Bangladesh and most of the teachers in this field are women. This study looked specifically at the state of the working life balance of women in the field of teaching and its impact on their perceived performance. Data have been collected among the 130 women educators currently working in various governments and at the kinder school in Bangladesh. A structured questionnaire was used to collect samples from participants. Phase data is summarized using frequency distribution, bivariate analysis performed on chi-square test and multiple liner retrieval is used to identify potential variations associated with perceived performance. The average age was 40-50 y (about 50%) followed by 38.5% it was 30-40 years. 31.5% had more than 2 dependencies. Of them, 57.17% were satisfied with the actual work, 24.87% were neutral and 10% disagreed with their performance. The results of the various organizations showed that age (p-value = 0.002), dependency number (p-value = 0.002), marital status (p-value = 0.006), institutional types (p-value = 0.004) were significantly different depending on their performance. However, the variance was not found in terms of working age. Research has shown that most professionals are satisfied with their performance, however, one in ten thinks they are not performing satisfactorily. Evidence shows that with the reduction of workload per hour, work structures from the organization can speed up the performance of professionals.

 Keywords: Work life Balance, Perceive Performance, Primary education, Women Participation, Teaching staffs.

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Title: The Status of Work Life Balance of Women’s Employment in Primary Education Sector and Its Impact on Their Perception of Work in Bangladesh: A Study on Khulna City
Author: Md. Abdullah Al Mamun
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4146895
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 25/10/2020
Date of Publication: 28/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/614.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 93-100
First Page: 93
Last Page: 100
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Md. Abdullah Al Mamun (2020). The Status of Work Life Balance of Women’s Employment in Primary Education Sector and Its Impact on Their Perception of Work in Bangladesh: A Study on Khulna City. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 93-100. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4146895

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/614.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md. Abdullah Al Mamun, Lecturer in Finance Department of Business Administration, North Western University, Khulna, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4146895

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Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin

Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation

Author (s)

Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin

Abstract

Using the annual data from 1983 to 2016, the study attempted to explore the role of globalization and financial development on life expectancy in South Asian countries, at the presence of economic growth and pollution. The study employed the panel quantile regression (median) technique that could provide reliable results in the presence of heteroskedasticity and cross-section dependence in residuals, while pooled OLS, fixed effect and random effect models were not. Estimated results confirm that the model is correctly specified, and there is no asymmetry in quantiles. This study has found a significant positive impact for economic growth, globalization, and financial development, and a significant negative impact for environmental pollution on life expectancy in the study countries. So, policymakers have to promote globalization and financial development to improve the population’s health status, besides controlling environmental pollution.

 Keywords: Life expectancy, globalization, financial development, environmental pollution, panel quantile regression.

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Title: Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation
Author: Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 20/10/2020
Date of Publication: 25/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/613.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 82-92
First Page: 82
Last Page: 92
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Khaleda Akter, Zerin Tasnime, & S.M. Nasir Uddin (2020). Role of Globalization and Financial Development on the Population’s Health Status in the South Asian Countries: A Panel Quantile Regression Investigation. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 82-92. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/613.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Khaleda Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Economics, Pabna University of Science and Technology, Pabna-6600, Bangladesh.

Zerin Tasnime, Lecturer, Department of Finance & Banking, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

S.M. Nasir Uddin, Lecturer, Department of Economics, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj-8100, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4133000

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Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed

Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review

Author (s)

Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed

Abstract

With the development of the big data age, deep learning developed to become having a more complex network structure and more powerful feature learning and feature expression abilities than traditional machine learning methods. The model trained by the deep learning algorithm has made remarkable achievements in many large-scale identification tasks in the field of computer vision since its introduction. This paper first introduces the deep learning, and then the latest model that has been used for image classification by deep learning are reviewed.  Finally, all used deep learning models in the literature have been compared to each other in terms of accuracy for the two most challenging datasets CIFAR-10 and CIFAR-100.

 Keywords: Deep Learning, Image Classification, Machine Learning, Models.

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Title: Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review
Author: Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108433
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 13/10/2020
Date of Publication: 20/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/612.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 75-81
First Page: 75
Last Page: 81
Paper Type: Research article
Current Status: Published

 

Cite This Article:

Kavi B. Obaid, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree & Omar M. Ahmed (2020). Deep Learning Models Based on Image Classification: A Review. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 75-81. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108433

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/612.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Kavi B. Obaid, Computer Science Department, College of Science, University of Zakho, Iraq (e-mail: kavi.obaid@uoz.edu.krd).

Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Duhok Polytechnic University, Iraq (e-mail: subhi.rafeeq@dpu.edu.krd).

Omar M. Ahmed, (Corresponding author),Information Technology Department, Zakho Technical Institute, Duhok Polytechnic University, Iraq (e-mail: omar.alzakholi@uoz.edu.krd).

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108433

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Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons? Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila

Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons?

Author (s)

Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila

Abstract

This study seeks to figure out the emerging cases of males committing suicide in a one-year time frame from July 2019 to June 2020 as well as evaluates the suicide cases based on location, age, profession, and the reasons for suicides. This paper depends on secondary data from different sources. The study reveals that students are copious to committing suicide in comparison to other occupations. It also includes that the primary reasons behind committing suicides are mental health issues, financial crisis, and family issues.

 Keywords: male suicide, suicide in Bangladesh, self-destruction, suicide reason, mental health.

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Title: Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons?
Author: Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108337
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 04/10/2020
Date of Publication: 20/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/611.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 70-74
First Page: 70
Last Page: 74
Paper Type: Case report
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Farhana Rubayet, Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, Syeeda Raisa Maliha, Nafisa Anum Autoshi, & Rayhana Akter Nabila (2020). Male suicide incidences in Bangladesh: what could be the reasons? International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 70-74. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4108337

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/611.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Farhana Rubayet (corresponding author), Anwer Khan Modern Medical College, Dhaka.

Mustafa Nizamul Aziz, East West University, Dhaka.

Syeeda Raisa Maliha, East West University, Dhaka.

Nafisa Anum Autoshi, East West University, Dhaka.

Rayhana Akter Nabila, East West University, Dhaka.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4108337

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Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa

Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the impacts inflation and exchange rate on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Bangladesh. To meet the purpose of the study, time series data on dependent and independent variables are collected from various secondary sources covering the period 1980 to 2017. For estimation purpose the study employs different econometric techniques such as Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test, Johansen Co-integration Test, and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). Apart from these, various diagnostic tests have been applied to evaluate the goodness-of-fit of the model. Results of the study reveal that there exists a long-run relationship between dependent and independent variables. Inflation rate is found to have a significant negative impact on FDI in the long-run but it is insignificant in the short-run. The results also show that exchange rate has a significant positive relationship with FDI both in the long-run and short-run. That is, depreciation of Bangladeshi taka against US dollar induces FDI flows in Bangladesh. Therefore, in order to increase the flow of FDI in Bangladesh, it is essential to take necessary steps to curb high inflation and to prevent the devaluation of oreign currencies against Bangladeshi taka.

 Keywords: FDI, Inflation Rate, Exchange Rate, Co-integration, ADF, VECM.

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Title: Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh
Author: Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 16/10/2020
Date of Publication: 20/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/610.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 53-69
First Page: 53
Last Page: 69
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa (2020). Impacts of Inflation and Exchange Rate on Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 53-69. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/610.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Muhammad Mahmud Mostafa, Assistant Professor (Economics), Officer on Special Duty, Directorate of Secondary and Higher Education, Bangladesh, Dhaka, and Ph.D. Fellow, Institute of Bangladesh Studies, University of Rajshahi. E-mail: mahmud.bcs@gmail.com.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114319

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Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic and Authoritarian Power and its Effect on Women’s Physical and Mental Health Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin

Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic and Authoritarian Power and its Effect on Women’s Physical and Mental Health

Author (s)

Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin

Abstract

Abortion is currently a widely discussed topic. Not only in urban but also in rural areas women often have abortions. Abortion has a profound effect not only on a women’s body but also on her mind. A woman is forced to have an abortion due to compulsions. In Bangladesh, Abortion is prohibited in both public and religious spheres. Which can only be done to save the mother’s life. But even then, women are secretly having abortions in various unsafe ways. Moreover, in the social system of patriarchal Bangladesh, women are always subordinate to men. She has to suffer physical, mental and social pain. But even then, she is killing her tangled treasure with her own hands. Because under the social structure, women are just silent spectators. To look at the social-cultural issues of abortion, researchers talk to people in this research area and try to find out the reasons behind it by listening to their experiences. As the research area is located in a rural area, researchers try to see the socio-cultural context of abortion and find a wide influence of women’s subordination, power structure and patriarchal mentality. Although abortion has a profound effect on a woman’s body. She is trapped in a structure and decides to have an abortion.

 Keywords: Abortion, Patriarchy, Power Structure, Household, Reproductive health.

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Title: Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic and Authoritarian Power and its Effect on Women’s Physical and Mental Health
Author: Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114384
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 13/10/2020
Date of Publication: 19/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/609.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 40-52
First Page: 40
Last Page: 52
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Hiramony Akter & Maria Tahsin (2020). Abortion and Patriarchal Social System: Abortion as a result of Social, Economic, and Authoritarian Power and its Effects on Women’s Physical and Mental Health. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 40-52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114384

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/609.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Hiramony Akter (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, Comilla University, Kotbari, Comilla, Bangladesh.

Maria Tahsin, Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, Comilla University, Kotbari, Comilla, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4114384

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A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours Jannah Mohammad

A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours

Author (s)

Jannah Mohammad

Abstract

The cyber-physical system (CPS) is an advanced technology with the excellent quality to combine with the Ad-HOC network for executed work. The benefit of Ad-HOC Network efficient wireless technology for government work and military institute for secure communication. In this research, combine and propose AD-HOC based CPS framework for modeling and simulation to include cyber and examine node distance; the average speed rate in NS2 also consists of the Euclidean function for analysis outer node performance. The technology implements the CPS function for detection peak hours-off peak hours rate in wireless communication. The main objective of the paper frequency analysis and consider different time ratios for speed performance analysis. Also applicable for all industrial, official, educational institute area. This research will provide a new feature wireless network and the Internet of Things. The feature will benefit from advanced technology.

 Keywords: CPS, NS2, Ad hoc, Euclidean distance, average speed.

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Title: A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours
Author: Jannah Mohammad
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4101634
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 13/10/2020
Date of Publication: 18/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/608.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 33-39
First Page: 33
Last Page: 39
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Jannah Mohammad (2020). A framework synthesis by Ad-HOC based Cyber-Physical System for Performance Measure into Peak and off-Peak hours. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 33-39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4101634

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/608.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Jannah Mohammad, PhD,Department of Computer Science & Engineering (CSE), Dhaka University of Engineering & Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh. Email: jmgodhuli@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4101634

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Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan Lual Daniel Kur & Niu Xiongying

Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan

Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu Xiongying

Abstract

Nowadays, Money transfer through mobile phone, referred to as a Mobile Money Transfer (MMT) has gained popularity worldwide. Currently, most of the businesses are accepting MMT to enhance their performances. With time, the number of users of MMT is increasing rapidly in South Sudan. Still, it was not clear how the usages of MMT influences the performance of enterprises. Our study aims to determine how the usage of mobile money can convey economic improvement in South Sudan. Furthermore, as the leading business center in the country, our study area was the Juba city and we considered the biggest five market areas namely Konynonyo, Juba, Custom, Jebel, and Militia. Through the survey questionnaire, we collected data from small and medium enterprises, and collected data were analyzed to measure the relationship among usage of MMT, business performance, and economic improvement. Our findings showed that MMT has a great impact on both business performance and economic improvement.

 Keywords: Transformational Leadership, Employee performance, Local People, task performance, South Sudan.

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Title: Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan
Author: Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu Xiongying
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4077149
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 07/10/2020
Date of Publication: 10/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/607.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 14-32
First Page: 14
Last Page: 32
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Lual Daniel  Kur & Niu Xiongying (2020). Impact of Mobile Money Transfer on the Performance of Micro and Macro Enterprises in South Sudan. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 14-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4077149

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/607.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Lual Daniel  Kur (corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Niu Xiongying , Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4077149

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Effects of Firm Specific Factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh: Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho

Effects of Firm Specific Factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh:   Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE)

Author (s)

Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho

Abstract

As the arena of the NBFIs is widening day by day in Bangladesh, it has attracted many investors of the country for which the profitability analysis of these NBFIs is getting popularity. This paper intends to analyze the firm-specific profitability indicators of the NBFIs in Bangladesh. To conduct this study, panel data of the nineteen NBFIs have been collected for the last 10 years (from 2007 to 2017). The main objectives of this paper to identify the fundamental determinants and to assess their contribution to the NBFIs’ profitability. Three measures of profitability- ROA, ROE and NIM, have been considered as the dependent variables in this paper. The fixed effect model was used in Model I- ROA and Model II- ROE. But the appropriate model for the Model III- NIM is undecided as the panel data for this model did not meet the asymptotic assumptions. To address this problem, Panel Corrected Standard Error (PCSE) Regression Method has been used in this study. The paper has been concluded by saying that ROE and NIM of the NBFIs are not influenced by their deposits and size which indicates that the ROE and NIM of the NBFIs are not sensitive to the sources from the NBFIs collect their funds. Non bank financial Institution should focus on the generation of capital from market using financial instruments with more diversified portfolios. Returns in these institutions can be backed by internally generated capital fund. However, sustainable growth in non bank institution needs to raise a minimum portion of deposit from the market with deliberate earnings from more systematic and dynamic asset class available in the market. Utilization of assets and earning s of mortgage loan and other financial assets should get more attention in Bangladeshi non bank financial institutions.

 Keywords: Capital Strength, Internal, Measures, NBFIs, Profitability, Size.

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Title: Effects of Firm Specific Factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh:   Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE)
Author: Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4065124
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 11
Acceptance Date: 30/09/2020
Date of Publication: 04/10/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/606.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-13
First Page: 1
Last Page: 13
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Abu Kalam & Monzurul Islam Utsho (2020). Effects of Firm Specific factors on Profitability of Non Bank Financial Institutions in Bangladesh: Evidenced from Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE). International Journal of Science and Business, 4(11), 1-13. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4065124

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/606.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abu Kalam, Lecturer, Department of Business Studies, University of Information Technology and Sciences (UITS), Bangladesh.

Monzurul Islam Utsho (corresponding author), Lecturer, Department of Business Studies, University of Information Technology and Sciences (UITS), Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4065124

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Impact of Monetary Policy on Performance of Dhaka Stock Exchange Mohotarema Rashid & Ummay Mahima Ima

Impact of Monetary Policy on Performance of Dhaka Stock Exchange

Author (s)

Mohotarema Rashid & Ummay Mahima Ima

Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of monetary variables on the performance of stock market of Bangladesh using yearly data over the period of year 2008 to 2019. The objective of the study is to consider the effectiveness and consequences of different monetary variables on stock market of Bangladesh. As a dependent variable DSEX index has been used as a proxy variable for stock market performance and three independent variables repo rate, inflation rate, money market rate has been used as proxy of monetary variables. An ordinary least square method shows that 1% increase in money market rate, repo rate, and inflation rate the index value is decreased by 3.30%,1.20% and increased by 1.90% respectively. So this is suggested that investor should consider the above variables to make strategic decisions about portfolio and investment management.

 Keywords: Monetary variables, DSEX, Stock market, Inflation, Repo rate.

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Title: Impact of Monetary Policy on Performance of Dhaka Stock Exchange
Author: Mohotarema Rashid & Ummay Mahima Ima
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4059374
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 24/09/2020
Date of Publication: 30/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/605.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 121-127
First Page: 121
Last Page: 127
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Mohotarema Rashid & Ummay Mahima Ima (2020). Impact of monetary policy on performance of Dhaka Stock Exchange. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 121-127. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4059374

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/605.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Mohotarema Rashid (corresponding author), Bangladesh Army University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh.  

Ummay Mahima Ima, Bangladesh University of Professionals, Dhaka- 1216, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4059374

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The Impact of Brand Image and Perceived Price on Imported Halal Skincare Purchase Decision: Study on Safi’s Consumers in Central Java, Indonesia Kusuma Wardani & Annie Susanto

The Impact of Brand Image and Perceived Price on Imported Halal Skincare Purchase Decision: Study on Safi’s Consumers in Central Java, Indonesia

Author (s)

Kusuma Wardani & Annie Susanto

Abstract

Halal as an Al-Qur’an term applies to legal products that are permitted to use or consume according to Islamic thought. As non-food, halal product, skincare is categorized as a cosmetic product. Indonesia has the largest Muslim population of 207.2 million people, it makes Muslim consumers in Indonesia are interested in not only consuming local halal skincare but also imported halal skincare. Not only focus on the Muslim consumers only, but how the image of Safi’s brand and perceived price in the consumers mind can affect the purchase decisions considering that Safi is an imported skincare product. The aim of this research is to determine the influence of brand image and perceived price toward purchase decision among Safi consumers in Central Java, Indonesia. The sampling technique used was purposive, with 140 samples. The data analysis technique was multiple linear regression analysis. There are two research questions: (1) what are the influences of brand image on consumer purchasing decision of imported halal skincare, (2) what are the influences of perceived price on consumer purchasing decision of imported halal skincare. The first regression result showed that there was a significant influence between brand image toward purchasing decision on Safi’s skincare. The second regression result showed that there was no influence of perceived price toward purchasing decision on Safi’s skincare.

 Keywords: Brand Image, Perceived Price, Purchase Decision, Halal Skincare, Marketing Management.

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Title: The Impact of Brand Image and Perceived Price on Imported Halal Skincare Purchase Decision: Study on Safi’s Consumers in Central Java, Indonesia
Author: Kusuma Wardani & Annie Susanto
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4059333
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 24/09/2020
Date of Publication: 30/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/604.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 108-120
First Page: 108
Last Page: 120
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Kusuma Wardani & Annie Susanto (2020). The Impact of Brand Image and Perceived Price on Imported Halal Skincare Purchase Decision: Study on Safi’s Consumers in Central Java, Indonesia. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 108-120. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4059333

 

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/604.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Kusuma Wardani (corresponding author), Student of Economics and Business Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia.

Annie Susanto, Lecturer of Economics and Business Faculty, Satya Wacana Christian University, Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4059333

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Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: Evidence from Conventional Private Commercial Banks Listed on Dhaka Stock Exchange Aslam Mahmud

Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: Evidence from Conventional Private Commercial Banks Listed on Dhaka Stock Exchange

Author (s)

Aslam Mahmud

Abstract

This paper intends to indicate the bank-specific and macroeconomic determinants of bank profitability. The study was conducted using panel data set from 18 conventional private commercial banks listed in Dhaka Stock Exchange over a period of 2010 to 2019. Return on Asset (ROA) was used as dependent variable as a proxy for profitability; nine bank-specific variables and three macroeconomic variables were used as independent variables. The study was conducted using panel data regression model and Hausman test was conducted to choose between fixed effect and random effects model. Empirical results show that Non-performing loan ratio, Equity multiplier, cost to income ratio, Net interest margin, Non-interest income to total asset ratio among the bank-specific variables and Real rate of interest, Economic growth among the macroeconomic variables have significant impact on profitability. An interesting finding is that banks profitability over this period has significant negative relationship with economic growth.

 Keywords: profitability, panel data regression, fixed effect, random effect, hausman test.

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Title: Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: Evidence from Conventional Private Commercial Banks Listed on Dhaka Stock Exchange
Author: Aslam Mahmud
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4048039
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 21/09/2020
Date of Publication: 24/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/603.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 99-107
First Page: 99
Last Page: 107
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Aslam Mahmud (2020). Bank-specific and Macroeconomic Determinants of Profitability: Evidence from Conventional Private Commercial Banks Listed on Dhaka Stock Exchange. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 99-107. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4048039

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/603.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Aslam Mahmud, Department of Finance and Banking, Faculty of Business Administration, Jatiya Kabi Kazi Nazrul Islam University, Trishal, Mymensingh-2220, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4048039

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Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges’ total trade and total value in Bangladesh Shaikh Mostak Ahammad & Md. Azmir Sharif

Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges’ total trade and total value in Bangladesh

Author (s)

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad &  Md. Azmir Sharif

Abstract

This study investigates the relationships of total trade and total value between the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) and Chittagong Stock Exchange (CSE) in Bangladesh. To get the results, various unit root tests, the Granger causality test, and the Johansen cointegration test are employed. Daily data from January 2015 to May 2017 is used to check the relationship. The empirical results of unit root tests (Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF) test, Phillips-Perron (PP) test, Kwiatkowski, Phillips, Schmidt, and Shin (KPSS) Test, and Elliott–Rothenberg–Stock (ERS) test) evidenced that total trade and the total value of DSE and CSE are stationary at their first differences. The Granger causality test found that total trade and the total value of DSE cause total trade and the total value of CSE and also total trade and the total value of CSE causes total trade and the total value of DSE meaning that there is bidirectional causality exists between the selected variables. The Johansen cointegration test showed that there is no cointegrating relationship among the variables indicating that there is no long-run relationship among total trade and total value between DSE and CSE.

 Keywords: Dhaka Stock Exchange, Chittagong Stock Exchange, Total trade, Total value, Granger Causality test, Johansen Cointegration test.

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Title: Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges’ total trade and total value in Bangladesh
Author: Shaikh Mostak Ahammad &  Md. Azmir Sharif
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4036073
Media: Online & Print
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 14/09/2020
Date of Publication: 18/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/602.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 88-98
First Page: 88
Last Page: 98
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad &  Md. Azmir Sharif (2020). Investigating the relationships between stock exchanges total trade and total value in Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 88-98. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4036073

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/602.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Shaikh Mostak Ahammad Ph.D., Professor, Department of Accounting, Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University, Dinajpur-5200, Bangladesh. Email: mostak@hstu.ac.bd

Md. Azmir Sharif (corresponding author), Lecturer in Accounting, Department of Mechanical Engineering, City University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Email: sharifazmir@gmail.com

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4036073

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Theoretical Inspection and Rethink of Marketing Mix Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Theoretical Inspection and Rethink of Marketing Mix

Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Abstract

The world is relentlessly changing which creating new trades. A few ages past, speediness of these revolutions, maybe it was every fasten of years or every decade, but straightaway, every year or every month we are nearsighted new goods and products that in the history there was not any kind of them. Every company should not neglect to take virtuous maintenance of customers that helps to partake the right planning and aiming people, the right product or service, right place or distribution, right price, right promotion, right physical and psychological evidence, with the right amount of productivity & quality performance in carrying the Ps of Marketing. This paper aims to undertake an extensive literature review from the past studies related to the concept of the marketing mix and descriptive analysis is used to analyze the best practice among the 8Ps or more Ps of marketing mix towards business performance. Equally, a tool of marketing strategy and theoretical framework grants a view of different theories of marketing mix where marketers should be considered before launching a product. Firms should plan a targeted approach on these different components which help the firm in formulating strategic decisions. The study provides managers with theoretical guidance and concept on how the marketing mix will improve the organization’s performance.

 Keywords: Marketing Mix, History, Pros and Cons, Elements, Five product level, Product Life cycle..

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Title: Theoretical Inspection and Rethink of Marketing Mix
Author: Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4030795
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 09/09/2020
Date of Publication: 15/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/601.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 77-87
First Page: 77
Last Page: 87
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari (2020). Theoretical Inspection And Rethink of Marketing Mix. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 77-87. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4030795

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/601.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti (corresponding author), Independent University, Bangladesh.

Md. Murshedul Bari, Daffodil International University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4030795

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Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges at Present: A Study on Consumer Perspective During COVID-19 Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges at Present:

 A Study on Consumer Perspective During COVID-19

Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari

Abstract

All businesses approved many tactics where digital marketing is the unsurpassed one that is so flexible, trackable, and accessible and having exclusively placed to reach business ambitions. During the COVID-19 pandemic, incredible challenges faced by many businesses. Consumer awareness and attitude are imperative because it provides a good perception to create content about product or services. So here, digital marketing is light of heaven that has opened up the way to touch consumers. This paper has intentions to illustrate a wide present literature and on what is happening in the business world related to the idea of digital marketing and descriptive analysis is used to examine the practice during COVID-19 pandemic towards business performance. This paper mainly focus on conceptual understanding of digital marketing and is concerned with consumers and also allows the customers to interact with the product by virtue of digital media. The paper is based on secondary data such as many articles, reports, various websites and information on the internet have been reviewed. In this study, We agreed that businesses can genuinely benefit from Digital Marketing such as search engine optimization (SEO), content marketing, social media marketing, e-mail marketing, online advertising. It has converted one of the powerful weapons that make new alignment for all business so firms should plan an aimed attitude formulating planned conclusions.

 Keywords: Digital Marketing, Digital Transformation, AIDA Model, Traditional vs Digital, Strategies, COVID-19: Impact on Ecommerce.

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Title: Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges at Present: A Study on Consumer Perspective During COVID-19
Author: Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4032466
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 09/09/2020
Date of Publication: 15/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/600.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 64-76
First Page: 64
Last Page: 76
Paper Type: Literature Review
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Ismat Ara Eti & Md. Murshedul Bari (2020). Digital Marketing Makes Consumer Closer: An Internet Giant Creating Challenges At Present, A Study On Consumer Perspective During COVID-19. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 64-76. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4032466

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/600.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Ismat Ara Eti (corresponding author), Independent University, Bangladesh.

Md. Murshedul Bari, Daffodil International University, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4032466

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Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function Deeti Saha

Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function

Author (s)

Deeti Saha

Abstract

This study intends to compare the economic performance and examine the relationship between real GDP (dependence variable) and total labor force and gross fixed capital formation (independent variables) in the case of SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation) countries based on the Cobb Douglas production function. To conduct the study, time series data were used from 1980-2017 in four countries and 1990-2017 in four other countries. The ordinary least square method (OLS) was used to measure the linear regression model. The Breusch-Pagan-Godfrey and Breusch-Godfrey Serial Correlation LM Test tests were used to test for heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation. The adjusted R-Squared shows that 96.81%, 99.98%, 99.74%, 99.85%, 99.36%, 97.84%, 99.65%, and 99.89% of the total variation in the dependent variable (GDP) in the case of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Nepal, and Pakistan respectively are explained by the fitted regression equation. That means the economies of SAARC countries are well defined by the Cobb-Douglas production function. The economies of Afghanistan, India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal show increasing returns to scale. The economies of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, and Pakistan show decreasing returns to scale. It is also noteworthy that the economies of the four countries show increasing returns to scale; these countries also have better marginal productivity of labor and marginal productivity of capital performance. Per capita GDP, GDP growth rate, labor and capital, the marginal productivity of labor and marginal productivity of capital, the elasticity of labor and capital have been highlighted to compare the economic performance of SAARC countries. The quality of the labor force is essential for sustainable capital investment.

 Keywords: Cobb-Douglas Production Function, Returns to Scale, Marginal Productivity of Labor, Marginal Productivity of Capital, Growth Rate, Elasticity of Labor, Elasticity of capital.

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Title: Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function
Author: Deeti Saha
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026029
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 10/09/2020
Date of Publication: 12/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/599.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 39-63
First Page: 39
Last Page: 63
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Deeti Saha (2020). Comparative Analysis of Economic Performance of SAARC Countries Based on the Estimated Cobb-Douglas Production Function. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 39-63. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026029

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/599.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Deeti Saha, MBA Student, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026029

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Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade? Caroline Ntara

Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade?

Author (s)

Caroline Ntara

Abstract

The East African Community (EAC) and European Union (EU), have an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) initiated in October 2014.  The EAC agreed to negotiate on the EPA in order to participate beneficially in the global economy, decrease poverty and support their economic development. By fast-tracking the already existing economic integration, the EAC wanted to eliminate barriers to trade, form bigger markets and stimulate productivity and investment expansions.  This paper predicts the trade in commodities between the EAC and EU for 10 years using import and export data from 2009-2016. Regression analysis is used to forecast the level of imports and exports. The study uses a linear model Ft=a+bt+ ε to forecast the level of imports and exports. Two linear models one for imports (Ft=2,791,351.50+28,196t) and another for exports (Ft=4,177,572.071 +62,500.3t) were formulated. The study concludes that there is no significant difference caused by BREXIT on EAC-EU commodity trade in 10 years.

 Keywords: Trading blocs, International trade, Economic Partnership Agreement, Brexit, Import, Export.

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Title: Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade?
Author: Caroline Ntara
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026020
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 10/09/2020
Date of Publication: 12/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/598.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 27-38
First Page: 27
Last Page: 38
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Caroline Ntara (2020). Does Brexit Have an Impact on EAC-EU Commodity Trade? International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 27-38. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4026020

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/598.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Caroline Ntara, Monarch Business School, Switzerland.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4026020

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The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh Sanjida Afrin

The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Sanjida Afrin

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to assess the intensity of ‘Non-performing Loan’ and its adverse impact on the performance and profitability of the banking sector of Bangladesh. A comparative scenario of state-owned commercial banks and private commercial banks have also been presented in this study. The foregoing discussion of NPL from the perspective of Bangladesh reveals that the amount of defaulted loans have reached an alarming position which degrades the banking industry and makes the economy stagnant. The comparative analysis showed that SOCBs have a higher amount of total NPL, gross NPL ratio and net NPL ratio than that of PCBs. Share in industry total assets, share in deposit and also change in the contribution of industry assets of SOCBs are very lower in comparison to PCBs. Capital adequacy, capital to risk-weighted assets, ROA, ROE and maintained provision of SOCBs are very poor while PCBs have satisfactory performance. Active implementation of policies, proper and adequate surveillance of SOCBs, qualified and neutral board members and non-executives, improved lending process, enforcement of punishable measures and most importantly strong ethical attitude are some of the possible and effective recommendations that should be implemented to eradicate the root of NPL from this emerging economy.

 Keywords: Non-performing loan, State-owned commercial bank, Private commercial bank, Bangladesh Bank, Provision, loan recovery.

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Title: The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh
Author: Sanjida Afrin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4019323
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 05/09/2020
Date of Publication: 08/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/597.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 16-26
First Page: 16
Last Page: 26
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Sanjida Afrin (2020). The Effect of Non-performing Loans on Performance and Profitability: A Comparative Analysis from Banking Sector of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 16-26. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4019323

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/597.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Sanjida Afrin, MBA, Department of  Accounting and Information Systems, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4019323

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Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and Its Linkage to the Management Fee Meher Nigar Mila

Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and Its Linkage to the Management Fee

Author (s)

Meher Nigar Mila

Abstract

This report mainly focuses on identifying the managerial skills of fund managers, asset management companies in managing closed-end mutual funds of Bangladesh those are floated during 2013 to 2019 and which allowed to review the management fee system in the mutual fund industry. The analysis found that six fund managers have positive alphas or can produce an abnormal return, which is significant, six other fund managers can be called neither significant nor worst and seven other fund managers have negative alphas or cannot earn excess return due to the lack of managerial skills which are not significant statistically. The highest value in R-square refers that the movement of these mutual funds can be explained not only by the market index but also by the other three factors. It can be concluded that some fund managers have managerial skills, and some don’t have skills, but the current management fee structure system of Bangladesh is counterproductive. This report finds that the seven fund managers with negative alpha, get the same or higher management fees just like the fund managers of positive alpha.

 Keywords: Managerial Skills, Closed-End Mutual Fund, Management Fee, Carhart model, Abnormal return, Asset management.

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Title: Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and Its Linkage to the Management Fee
Author: Meher Nigar Mila
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4013900
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 10
Acceptance Date: 29/08/2020
Date of Publication: 03/09/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/596.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 1-15
First Page: 1
Last Page: 15
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Meher Nigar Mila (2020). Measuring Managerial Skills of Closed-End Mutual Funds in Bangladesh and its Linkage to the Management Fee. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(10), 1-15. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4013900

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/596.pdf

 

 

About Author (s)

Meher Nigar Mila,Department of Finance, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4013900

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An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection Soiloor Nandini Arunima

An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection

Author (s)

Soiloor Nandini Arunima

Abstract

In the current study entitling “An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection”, I critically examine the practices of environmental accounting in listed companies in Bangladesh and how it can be linked with the near goal of Bangladesh “Vision 2021” which is the election manifesto of current government. Vision 2021 has eight goals and our environmental issues are given priority in that case. As EAR is voluntary reporting, stakeholder theory and legitimacy theory can be related. Content analysis is used as methodology and taking 52 listed companies of Dhaka Stock Exchange randomly from 10 main industries and world bank report in order to know prevailing environmental situation in Bangladesh. The study has found there is a severe environmental degradation over years and listed companies are not aware of EAR in Bangladesh. Lastly, the paper suggests some recommendation to focus on EAR in order to achieve Vision 2021.

 Keywords: Environmental accounting reporting, Vision 2021, Listed companies, Dhaka Stock Exchange.

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Title: An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection
Author: Soiloor Nandini Arunima
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999511
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 23/08/2020
Date of Publication: 25/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/593.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 113-124
First Page: 113
Last Page: 124
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Soiloor Nandini Arunima (2020). An Empirical Scrutiny of Environmental Accounting Reporting (EAR) and Vision 2021: A way of Environmental Protection. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 113-124. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999511

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/593.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Soiloor Nandini Arunima, MBA, Department of Accounting and Information Systems,            University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3999511

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Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks Ildar Rakhmatulin

Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks

Author (s)

Ildar Rakhmatulin

Abstract

The basis of the work of electroencephalography (EEG) is the registration of electrical impulses from the brain using a special sensor or electrode. This method is used to treat and diagnose various diseases. In the past few years, due to the development of neural network technologies, the interest of researchers in EEG has noticeably increased. Neural networks for training the model require obtaining data with minimal noise distortion. In the processing of EEG signals to eliminate noise (artifacts), signal filtering and various methods for extracting signs are used. The presented manuscript provides a detailed analysis of modern methods for extracting the signs of an EEG signal used in studies of the last decade. The information presented in this paper will allow researchers to understand how to more carefully process the data of EEG signals before using neural networks to classify the signal. Due to the absence of any standards in the method of extracting EEG signs, the most important moment of this manuscript is a detailed description of the necessary steps for recognizing artifacts, which will allow researchers to maximize the potential of neural networks in the tasks of classifying EEG signal.

 Keywords: Fast Fourier transform (FFT) EEG, wavelet transform (WT) EEG, EEG machine learning, extraction of EEG features, EEG signal filtering, EEG neural networks, bci feature selection, brain computer interface.

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Title: Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks
Author: Ildar Rakhmatulin
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3987894
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 10/08/2020
Date of Publication: 17/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/592.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 101-112
First Page: 101
Last Page: 112
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Rakhmatulin Ildar (2020). Review of EEG feature selection by neural networks. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 101-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3987894

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/592.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Rakhmatulin Ildar, PhD. South Ural State University, Department of Power Plants Networks and Systems, Chelyabinsk city, Russia, 454080.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3987894

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Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size Abebe Shawul Arsedi & Yu Li

Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size

Author (s)

Abebe Shawul Arsedi  & Yu Li

Abstract

The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effects of the similarity in the skill resources of the merging firms on the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms. The study investigates the post-acquisition performance of 313 samples of merger and acquisition transactions completed from 2003 to 2015 by American firms operating in pharmaceutical and biotechnology industry. The study find out that the similarity between the merging firms in the degree of emphasis they give to the marketing activities can lead to a positive post-acquisition performance for the acquiring firms. On the contrary, the similarity between the merging firms in the degree of emphasis given to R&D activities is found to negatively affect the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms. In addition, the study find out that the acquirers size positively moderates the relationship between the similarity in the degree of emphasis given to marketing activities by the merging firms and the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms. It indicates that larger acquirers have extra resources which they can invest to facilitate the integration and the learning process for the marketing teams of the merging firms to share ideas and knowledge which may positively influence the post-acquisition performance of the acquiring firms.

 Keywords: Skill Resources Similarity, Acquirer Size, Acquirer Post-acquisition Performance, R&D Resources, Marketing Resources.

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Title: Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size
Author: Abebe Shawul Arsedi  & Yu Li
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3984979
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 10/08/2020
Date of Publication: 12/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/591.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 79-100
First Page: 79
Last Page: 100
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Abebe Shawul Arsedi & Yu Li (2020). Skill Resources Similarity and Post-acquisition Performance of the Acquiring Firms: Role of the Acquiring firms Size. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 79-100. doi: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3984979

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/591.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Abebe Shawul Arsedi (Corresponding author), Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

Professor Yu Li, Business School, University of International Business and Economics (UIBE), Beijing, China.

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3984979

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Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh Md Masukor Rahaman

Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance:

Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh

Author (s)

Md Masukor Rahaman

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of intellectual capital reporting in the annual reports of Pharmaceuticals company listed at Dhaka Stock Exchange on their performance. This paper uses sample of 31 pharmaceuticals company for the period 2016-2017. To measure the extent of IC disclosure on the annual report a disclosure index (ICDSI) is developed. Information related to firm performance is obtained from annual report. Correlation and regression analysis have been used for data analysis. This paper found positive relation of IC disclosure with two performance measure (ROE and ROA) but negative relation with EPS. However, relationship is not significant. The impact of control variables on firm performance is also mixed and narrow. The reason for limited association among the variables can be lower amount of disclosure, unrelated concept of firm performance and ICDSI. The mean disclosure is only 23%. Overall findings of the paper suggest company disclose human capital information mostly. Further study may include longitudinal study with more sample size and control variable. This study will help academics who want to work in IC literature. Manager of Pharmaceutical will get to know which IC information reporting will give them organizational benefit. Regulator can get useful insights from this paper to formulate and implement IC related guideline. This paper is one the very first paper in Bangladesh to investigate IC disclosures impact on firm performance through developing ICDSI index.

 Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Annual Report, Firm Performance,  Dhaka Stock Exchange, ICDSI.

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Title: Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance: Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh
Author: Md Masukor Rahaman
Journal Name: International Journal of Science and Business
Website: ijsab.com
ISSN: ISSN 2520-4750 (Online), ISSN 2521-3040 (Print)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980888
Media: Online
Volume: 4
Issue: 9
Acceptance Date: 08/08/2020
Date of Publication: 12/08/2020
PDF URL: https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/590.pdf
Free download: Available
Page: 60-78
First Page: 60
Last Page: 78
Paper Type: Research Paper
Current Status: Published

Cite This Article:

Md Masukor Rahaman (2020). Impact of Intellectual Capital Reporting in the Annual Report on Firm Performance:  Empirical Evidence from Listed Pharmaceuticals Companies of Bangladesh. International Journal of Science and Business, 4(9), 60-78. doi: https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.3980888

Retrieved from https://ijsab.com/wp-content/uploads/590.pdf

 

About Author (s)

Md Masukor Rahaman, Post graduate student, Department of Accounting & information Systems, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh.

 

 

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3980888